Epistemology and Philosophy of Science

ISSNs: 1811-833X, 2311-7133

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  1.  1
    The Concept of “Modern Physics” and an Extended Needham Question.Gennady E. Gorelik - 2023 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 60 (4):158-172.
    In discussions about the Scientific Revolution, a key expression is “modern science”. Its traditional understanding – mathematization and experimentation – is too weak: Euclid’s geometry and Archimedes’ physics were both perfectly mathematical and were based on objective experience. And it is too strong: in natural sciences beyond physics, math is quite limited. Joseph Needham in his Grand Question actually focused on modern physics originating with Galileo. To make this question really historical, it is narrowed down to physics and expanded in (...)
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  2.  1
    Данные сами себя не соберут?Александр Юрьевич Антоновский & Раиса Эдуардовна Бараш - 2023 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 60 (4):32-39.
    While recognizing the general fruitfulness of the concept of distributed scientific knowledge and the importance of the study of science from the point of view of epistemic (in)justice, we would like to present a number of doubts about the rationale for this synthesis. Of course, it is difficult to argue with the fact that the informant in ethnographic research can act as a co-author and at the same time as an object of research, “giving change”. Here we are obviously faced (...)
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  3.  1
    Смешанная методология социальных наук.Александра Александровна Аргамакова - 2023 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 60 (4):212-224.
    This text is devoted to the question of using mixed methods in social sciences. The attention is paid to the positions of leaders in the field, articulated by the uplevel “Journal of Mixed Methods Research”. The main results and discussions on the journal’s pages will be outlined briefly. As scholars note, mixed methods provide an integrative methodology in social sciences and a third paradigm beyond quantitative and qualitative approaches within social research. The third methodological paradigm is distinguished by pluralism and (...)
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  4.  1
    Наука как человеческий капитал и ресурс.Ирина Алексеевна Герасимова - 2023 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 60 (4):104-123.
    Social philosophy of science views science as a public good in cognitive, political-economic and moral terms, and as a humanistic project. The author attempts to combine the economics of science and the social philosophy of science into a single exchange zone. The article discusses this problem in relation to technoscience with an emphasis on pragmatically oriented resource-efficient issues. The author transfers the experience of economics, management, engineering and industry to the level of philosophical reflections of science and technology. Innovative activity (...)
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  5. Репрезентационализм и природа ментальных состояний.Александр Андреевич Гусев - 2023 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 60 (4):69-85.
    The paper explores representationalist theories of mind in the context of the mind-body problem and the hard problem of consciousness. The mind-body problem is related to the substantial dualism, according to which there are two independent types of objects – physical and mental. For a materialistically oriented metaphysics, such a dualism was unacceptable. In the second half of the twentieth century. a new version of dualism appeared – the dualism of properties. Its essence lies in the fact that it is (...)
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  6. Отставной королевский мушкетер между наукой, салоном и будуаром.Игорь Сергеевич Дмитриев - 2023 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 60 (4):190-211.
    The present paper aims to examine the biological works of Pierre-Louis Moreau de Maupertuis (1698–1759), a prominent French scientist and philosopher, on the problems of animal reproduction and heredity. His scientific career exemplifies how, in mid-eighteenth-century Europe, various scientific disciplines were intertwined with literature, art, and philosophy. In one of his major publications dealing with these issues, “Venus physique” (1745), from one role to another time and again, combining theory, observation, everyday experience, and literary narrative. His objections to preformationism unfold (...)
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  7.  1
    Философия науки.Илья Теодорович Касавин & Владимир Натанович Порус - 2023 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 60 (4):7-21.
    The article is dedicated to the identification and analysis of existential dimensions of science, i.e., the dependence of consciousness, activity and communication of scientists on special forms of scientific culture – life-meaning universals (existentials). The article outlines the contours of the problem field of existential challenges rooted in the real life of modern science, in the crisis of the Enlightenment idea of scientific progress, in the mismatch of the norms and ideals of scientists with everyday ideas and needs. The origins (...)
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  8. Философия и лингвистика сегодня.Петр Сергеевич Куслий & Александр Леонидович Никифоров - 2023 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 60 (4):225-236.
    This text is a review of a collective monograph published in 2023 [Altshuler, 2023], dedicated to the areas of contact between philosophy and linguistics. By offering an overview of a number of representative works in the collection, the authors strive not only to attract the reader to the problems of the philosophy of language, but also to arouse interest in the methods of interdisciplinary analysis.
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  9. Вектор Штера: знание в координатах города.Ирина Александровна Савченко - 2023 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 60 (4):173-189.
    The “Stehr vector” is a metaphor associated with the name of the modern philosopher and sociologist of science Niko Stehr and designating the trajectory of movement towards a “knowledge society”, where intellectual achievements as a public good have the highest value – they are priceless and, therefore, are not sold or bought, and access to them is free. Since a number of obstacles are characteristic to the formation of the ascent to the knowledge society, the main one is the usurpation (...)
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  10. Критерии различия пресуппозиций и конвенциональных импликатур.Иван Александрович Соболев - 2023 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 60 (4):86-103.
    This article explores conventional implicatures and presuppusitions as the main parts of utterance’s content expressing its implied meaning. The article considers a discussion around taxonomy of meaning types, which is an important problem for the philosophy of language. The main shared properties of these semantic components are examined on various examples: projection, conventionality, and non-cancellability. The article provides a criteria for differentiation of these parts od meaning: implicatures are speaker-oriented. This unique semantic property is explained within the epistemic approach using (...)
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  11. Распределенное познание в ситуации риска – отказ от консенсуса?Олеся Игоревна Соколова - 2023 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 60 (4):46-54.
    In this remark to the article by L.V. Shipovalova, doubts are expressed about the thesis about the insolvency of consensus in the conditions of distributed cognition. According to the author, distributed cognition does not imply rejection of consensus, but complements it. Using the example of the problems of technology management and their assessment, as well as the risk situations accompanying them, a more generalized interpretation of consensus is proposed that goes beyond communication in science. In this interpretation, consensus is a (...)
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  12. Распределенное научное познание внутри академии и за ее пределами.Татьяна Дмитриевна Соколова - 2023 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 60 (4):55-62.
    In the article, I consider the problem of distributed scientific knowledge in two aspects: (1) from the point of view of distributed cognition as one of the ways for scientists to obtain scientific knowledge; (2) from the point of view of recruiting scientific personnel to the academy. I believe that in both the cases the problem of epistemic injustice in relation to new participants in the cognitive process remains. The concept of distributed cognition, in my opinion, is not able by (...)
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  13.  1
    Унификация как способ производства когнитивного разнообразия.Евгений Геннадьевич Цуркан - 2023 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 60 (4):40-45.
    The article analyzes the possibility of producing cognitive diversity through the unification of scientific knowledge. In the article under discussion, L.V. Shipovalova notes that the production of diversity is the most important task of science. It can be solved by constructing distributed cognition practices that can bridge the epistemic gap between scientists and lay people. In contrast to this position, it is shown that within the framework of modern technoscience, one of the mechanisms for the production of diversity can be (...)
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  14. Распределенное научное познание – на пути к разнообразию.Лада Владимировна Шиповалова - 2023 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 60 (4):22-31.
    The author explores to the conditions for implementation of science as a public good and connects these conditions with the problem of epistemic injustice. She proposes the hypothesis that in order to implement science as a public good or actualize it as a source of diversity, it is necessary to focus theoretical attention on the concept of distributed scientific cognition and allow for the possibility of relevant practices. The rules of distributed scientific cognition practices can and should ensure both the (...)
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  15.  1
    Распределенное научное познание – от единства к связи разнообразного: ответ оппонентам.Лада Владимировна Шиповалова - 2023 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 60 (4):63-68.
    The author consider critical remarks of opponents about the idea of distributed scientific cognition, its connection with the concept of science as a source of epistemic diversity. She notes the importance of the concept of consensus and unification of scientific disciplines, and emphasizes relevance the distribution of scientific cognition binding the diverse in situations of problematic unity.
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  16.  8
    Social Scientific Knowledge about Knowledge and Information.Nico Stehr - 2023 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 60 (3):131-170.
    Knowledge does not exist as an isolated “piece” of knowledge. Knowledge exists in an aggregated collective state. I define knowledge as a capacity for social action and as a model for reality, as the possibility to set “something in motion”, for example, to solve a task, to produce a material object such as a semiconductor chip or to be competent to prevent something from occurring, for example, the onset of an illness. In this sense, knowledge is a universal human phenomenon, (...)
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  17.  4
    Плоды Просвещения.Олег Игоревич Ананьин - 2023 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 60 (3):171-193.
    В статье предложен новый взгляд на формирование экономики как науки, основанный на гипотезе сосуществования в XVII–XVIII вв. целого спектра проектов организации научного экономического знания, отразивших соответствующие научные программы проходившей в ту эпоху научной революции. Анализируются пять таких проектов: проект консервативной трансформации экономического знания Джеймса Стюарта; бэконианские проекты: статистический Уильяма Петти и инженерный Джона Ло; социально-философский проект Д. Юма и теоретический проект Ричарда Кантильона. Каждый проект рассматривается и в контексте его возникновения, и сквозь призму последующей судьбы его основной идеи. Делается вывод, (...)
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  18.  2
    Действительно ли необходим запрет на самореференцию?Александр Геннадьевич Андрушкевич - 2023 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 60 (3):61-67.
    The article is a critical reaction to the approach considered by V.A. Ladov in his work “On the principle of uniform solution of paradoxes”. It is assumed that the consideration of some of the eight classical logical-semantic paradoxes in the light of type theory eliminates the situation of contradiction, while maintaining the prospect of automatic references. It is also assumed that, based on this perspective, a unified idea of the essence of paradoxes and the mechanism for their solution is not (...)
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  19.  2
    Возможен ли синтез натурализма и антинатурализма?Валентин Александрович Бажанов - 2023 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 60 (3):6-16.
    In the XXth century naturalism and anti-naturalism, including the ideas of transcendentalism and a priori in Kant’s sense, considered as a kind of conceptual antipodes, conceptual oppositions in relation to the antagonism of their methodological attitudes and principles. However, at the turn of the XXIth century, the intensive development of cognitive studies, accompanied by the expansion of the empirical base, pushed the need to revise the traditionally accepted incompatibility of naturalism and anti-naturalism. The article has the goal to assess the (...)
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  20.  4
    Незнание как эпистемологическая проблема.Александр Михайлович Дорожкин & Анастасия Валерьевна Голубинская - 2023 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 60 (3):77-90.
    В статье рассматривается понятие «эпистемология незнания», определяемое авторами как оксюморон. Применение данного термина в философской литературе в первую очередь связано с исследованиями дистрибуции информации в межгрупповом взаимодействии (Л. Алькофф, Э. Малевски, Н. Джарамилло, Ч. Миллс). Однако, на взгляд авторов данной статьи, подобная трактовка сужает эпистемологический характер проблемы незнания. Одной из целей работы является попытка придания отмеченному словосочетанию понятийной нагрузки. Для этого, прежде всего, рассматривается вопрос о смысле понятия незнания, а затем приведено обоснование возможности гармоничного сочетания понятий «незнание» и «эпистемология». В (...)
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  21.  2
    Является ли эпистемологический дизъюнктивизм Святым Граалем эпистемологии?Дмитрий Валерьевич Иванов - 2023 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 60 (3):194-209.
    В работе исследуется вариант такой современной теории восприятия, как дизъюнктивизм. Данная теория является версией прямого реализма. Ее суть заключается в том, что перцептивные состояния, обычно относимые к одному виду, предлагается рассматривать как дизъюнкцию двух видов опыта: достоверного и иллюзорного (галлюцинаторного). В случае достоверного восприятия содержанием перцептивного состояния является положение дел, на которое оно направлено. Иллюзорное восприятие не обладает подобным содержанием. Существуют две версии дизъюнктивизма – метафизический и эпистемологический. В статье анализируется эпистемологический дизъюнктивизм, прежде всего тезис Д. Притчарда о том, что (...)
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  22.  6
    Роковая связка: об одной попытке обосновать лингвистическую относительность.Петр Сергеевич Куслий - 2023 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 60 (3):210-223.
    The paper criticizes the semantic component in the conception of A.V. Smirnov presented in the monograph “The Logic of Sense as a Philosophy of Mind: An Invitation to Reflection” (Moscow, 2021) as a recent variant of an argument for linguistic relativity. The author presents arguments showing that the proposed conception is based on a false thesis about the absence of the copula in Arabic. Further conclusions made by A.V. Smirnov as well as the structure of his arguments are also critically (...)
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  23.  1
    О принципе единого решения парадоксов.Всеволод Адольфович Ладов - 2023 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 60 (3):17-30.
    В статье обсуждается решение логико-семантических парадоксов, предложенное Б. Расселом и воспроизведенное в современной логической литературе Г. Пристом в качестве принципа единого решения. При этом Г. Прист считает, что разделение парадоксов на две принципиально разные группы (логические и семантические), которое ввел Ф. Рамсей, является неправомерным, и признает правоту именно Б. Рассела, рассматривавшего все парадоксы унифицированно. На основании исследования формальной структуры парадоксов автор статьи утверждает, что принцип единого решения нельзя назвать полностью релевантным проблеме, поскольку он опирается на недостаточно тщательную диагностику причин возникновения (...)
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  24.  5
    О парадоксах: ответ оппонентам.Всеволод Адольфович Ладов - 2023 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 60 (3):68-76.
    The author presents answers to opponents to his article “On the principle of uniform solution of paradoxes” which was discussed within the framework of this discussion. The discussion was attended by both very authoritative domestic philosophers working within the framework of this problem, and young scientists. It should be noted that a significant role in the very initiation of the discussion of this topic was played by the recent translation into Russian of the monograph by the modern philosopher Graham Priest (...)
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  25.  3
    Знакомство с вымышленным объектом.Иван Борисович Микиртумов - 2023 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 60 (3):112-130.
    В этой статье я пытаюсь ответить на вопрос о том, какие наиболее общие семантические и прагматические условия должны выполняться, чтобы употребление пустых в действительном мире термов de re в естественном языке было осмысленным. Для этого я затрагиваю взаимосвязь универсума возможного миров с наиболее общими представлениями об объектах, рассматриваю семантические и прагматические условия знакомства с вымышленным объектом, привлекаю анализ высказываний о вымышленных объектах. Я прихожу к следующим выводам. Во-первых, для интерпретации фиктивных имен, употребляемых в модусе имагинативного de re, наиболее удачными являются (...)
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  26.  2
    Что значит быть лысым и лжецом? Новая опция унифицированного подхода к парадоксам.Андрей Викторович Нехаев - 2023 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 60 (3):48-54.
    В своей статье Всеволод Ладов ставит важный вопрос – могут ли парадоксы иметь единое решение? В качестве ответа я предлагаю обратить внимание на подход, в котором утверждается, что мы должны рассматривать предикат истины как простой аналог нечеткого предиката. Защитники данного подхода (В. МакГи, Дж. Таппенден, Х. Филд, Г. Прист и Д. Хайд) открыто настаивают на том, что между соритами и парадоксами самореференции существует структурная связь и они должны иметь единое решение.
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  27.  2
    О роли существования парадоксов в программе философии математики неологицизма.Полина Ивановна Олейник - 2023 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 60 (3):55-60.
    В статье обсуждаются аспекты программы философии математики неологицизма, связанные с существованием парадоксов. Отмечается недостаточная тематизированность проблематики парадоксов в программе неологицизма. Несмотря на это, использование в неологицизме методологии введения понятий с помощью принципов абстракции ограничено существованием принципов абстракции, приводящих к противоречию. Основная проблема неологицизма, «проблема плохой компании», связана с обсуждением таких принципов. Автор статьи показывает, что поиск единого критерия для демаркации приемлемых и неприемлимых принципов абстракции не приводит к необходимому результату.
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  28.  5
    Сознание и язык (ответ П.С. Куслию).Андрей Вадимович Смирнов - 2023 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 60 (3):224-237.
    The article responds to the critical review by P. Kusliy [Kusliy, 2023] of my latest book [Smirnov, 2021]. In order to show the false and unscientific nature of my position, P. Kusliy puts forward three basic theses: I proceed from the Sapir – Whorf hypothesis of linguistic relativity; I assert that the Arabic literary language (ALA) lacks a copula; ALA has no native speakers in the modern world, which means that ALA is not relevant for discussing the relationship between language (...)
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  29.  3
    Б. Рассел, Г. Прист и принцип единого решения логико-семантических парадоксов.Валерий Александрович Суровцев - 2023 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 60 (3):39-47.
    The article deals with the arguments of V.A. Ladov regarding to the principle of uniform solution of logical and semantical paradoxes proposed by G. Priest. V.A. Ladov thinks that in addition to self-referentiality negation is necessary element for the occurrence of paradoxes. However, negation is a merely syntactical analogue of the basic semantical concepts of truth and falsehood. Science truth and falsehood are the main characteristics of the objects in relation to which paradoxes are formulated, selfreferentiality is the only reason (...)
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  30.  5
    The Medium Is the Message? К. Танкреди и Я. Шарвит о семантике высказываний об установках.Даниил Борисович Тискин - 2023 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 60 (3):91-111.
    Среди неоднозначностей, наблюдаемых в высказываниях о пропозициональных установках, некоторые связаны с возможностью понять то или иное слово в общепринятом значении или же в идиолекте носителя установки, которую передает высказывание. Хотя этот факт известен уже около двух десятилетий, первой работой, где на этом в известной мере основана вся теория интерпретации высказываний об установках, можно назвать недавнюю статью [Tancredi, Sharvit, 2022]. Значительная гибкость ее формального аппарата обусловлена тем, что выражающее установку придаточное рассматривается как еще не проинтерпретированный языковой объект, так что его интерпретация (...)
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  31.  2
    Поиски единообразного решения парадоксов: иллюзия простоты.Виталий Валентинович Целищев - 2023 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 60 (3):31-38.
    The article discusses Ladov’s proposals for a uniform solution of classical set-theoretic and semantic paradoxes. It is shown that Ladov’s approach faces two difficulties. Firstly, the method of eliminating negation from the formulations of paradoxes leads to new paradoxes, which is demonstrated by the example of Loeb’s theorem. Secondly, the appeal in Ladov’s argumentation to the “Russell scheme” adopted by G. Priest is not significant, due to Priest's dialetheism, according to which contradictions are allowed. The latter circumstance prevents a uniform (...)
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  32.  4
    Fruits of the Enlightenment.Oleg I. Ananyin - 2023 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 60 (2):187-205.
    Economics as a science emerged during the Enlightenment, but the impact of the specific general scientific environment of that era on the transformation of pre-scientific economic knowledge into scientific knowledge has not been adequately covered in the historiography of economic thought. The formation of economic science took place in the period of the scientific revolution of the XVIIth and XVIIIth centuries. These were two interrelated but different processes. First of all, the transformation of economic knowledge followed fundamental changes in the (...)
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  33.  7
    Why Does Science Need Losers?Alexander Yu Antonovski - 2023 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 60 (2):75-93.
    The article raises the problem of functionality and rational explanation of large arrays of communicative and unclaimed scientific knowledge. To solve the problem and explain this phenomenon, the resources of the system-communicative theory of scientific communication and social-evolutionist approaches are involved. The ability of the system-communicative theory itself to explain this phenomenon is considered as a possibility of its verification. In conclusion, a working hypothesis is proposed linking the existence of a class of unclaimed research and researchers with the function (...)
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  34.  5
    What Is Experimental Research in the Philosophy of Language and Epistemology?Raisa E. Barash & Petr S. Kusliy - 2023 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 60 (2):94-113.
    Philosophy is an abstract theoretical discipline. However, a new trend that develops experimental methods in philosophical research has recently been gaining popularity extending to the fields of philosophical research that have not seen experimental methods earlier. This article addresses the question of whether it is possible to investigate philosophical questions with empirical methods. Two areas of research are considered – philosophy of language and semantics and epistemology. In these subfields of philosophy, the application of experimental methods has recently lead to (...)
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  35.  4
    Digital Humanities Projects.Elena E. Chebotareva - 2023 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 60 (2):224-240.
    The author considers the Digital Humanities as a tendency towards a constructive synthesis of computer technology and humanitarian science in the context of their claim to make a paradigm shift in the humanities. As part of this review, the author raises a question about the role of interactive multimedia tools in the humanities, and tried to evaluate the novelty and content that scientific and educational projects receive with their help. The author develops and justifies the principle of systematization of Digital (...)
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  36.  6
    From Explanation to Understanding.Vladimir P. Filatov - 2023 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 60 (2):6-22.
    Understanding has usually been seen as a method of hermeneutics. Until recently, philosophers of science paid little attention to the topic of scientific understanding because they came to the conclusion that understanding can be nothing more than a psychological by-product of scientific activity. However, many scientists believed that understanding was an important aim of science. The article states that understanding is a universal cognitive phenomenon applicable to the knowledge of not only cultural and historical phenomena, but also natural objects and (...)
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  37.  3
    Metaphysics of Progress and the Disciplinary Structure of Science.Ilya T. Kasavin - 2023 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 60 (2):35-41.
    This text represents comments to the article by T.D. Sokolova “Conceptualization of scientific progress. A Case of Historical Epistemology”. Her article combines the concepts of differentiation and integration of scientific knowledge, on the one hand, and the concept of the progress of science interpreted by the historical epistemology of G. Bachelard, on the other, which ultimately is designed to solve the “paradox of interdisciplinarity” and the problem of disciplinary separation of scientific knowledge. The problem posed is highly significant for understanding (...)
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  38.  9
    Types of Identity and Coordinates of Person.Roman L. Kochnev - 2023 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 60 (2):114-132.
    Modern analytical metaphysics contains many theories and approaches regarding the problem of personal identity. This diversity inevitably leads to the emergence of various classifications, the authors of which are trying to develop a compact way of typologizing existing views. Most of the classifications involve a significant simplification of the theories and approaches under consideration, and some of them are not taken into account at all. As such global classifications, one can single out an approach based on the identity criterion used (...)
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  39.  7
    Progress of Science.Andrey I. Mikhailov - 2023 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 60 (2):50-57.
    A study of the relationship of trends towards specialization and universalization of scientific knowledge is most fruitful when sociological and epistemological methods are compared. Sociological methods describe the growth of scientific knowledge quantitatively as an increase in volume, whereas epistemological methods do it qualitatively in terms of an increase in the level of generalization. The sociological explanation of the specialization of researchers is based on the limited resources of the study time, the epistemological explanation of the differentiation of disciplines is (...)
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  40.  3
    Progress of Science and Interfaces of the World.Ivan B. Mikirtumov - 2023 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 60 (2):42-49.
    In this article, I want to show that the concept “rationality”, which is important for the French school of epistemology of science, has a dual content and is not very successful. This is the main point of my polemic with Tatyana Sokolova. On the one hand, there seems to be general rationality in it, understood as a preference (in the broad sense) for benefits over costs. Benefits include true knowledge. On the other hand, there is a historical socio-cultural context in (...)
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  41.  5
    Historical and Philosophical Reconstruction of the Discussion on Verifiability at the Meeting of the Aristotelian Society.Vitaly V. Ogleznev - 2023 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 60 (2):206-223.
    The article presents a detailed consideration of the arguments from the symposium “Verifiability”, which was held on July 14, 1945 in London, proposed by Scottish philosopher and theologian Donald MacKinnon, Austrian logician and mathematician Friedrich Waismann and English logician and philosopher of science William Kneale. MacKinnon’s approach to verifiability was based on the metaphysics of fact, while Waismann and Kneale’s approach was based on the semantic specificity of empirical concepts (“open texture” and context of use) and on the truth-values of (...)
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  42.  5
    The History of Science in the Context of the State Ideology.Alexander A. Pechenkin - 2023 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 60 (2):168-186.
    Mandelstam’s criticism of the Rayleigh theory of the blue color of the sky (1907) and his polemic with M. Planck (1907–1908) did not become notable events in the history of physics. However, the method of their coverage in the Soviet and in the post-Soviet physics literature is remarkable. Most of Soviet physicists and historians of physics supported Mandelstam's point of view in his criticism of both Raleigh and Planck. The situation changed only at the beginning of the 21st century: in (...)
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  43.  4
    On the Multidimensionality of Scientific Rationality and Scientific Progress.Vladimir N. Porus - 2023 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 60 (2):58-64.
    In the polemic with T.D. Sokolova’s article the issue is discussed addressing the question whether there is anything new that we can get from the methodology of interdisciplinarity and trans-disciplinarity for determination of scientific rationality and scientific progress. The solution of this question is connected with the intensions of a historical and social-cultural epistemologies. These intentions consist in a complex or “multidimensional” approach to the creation of conceptual designs that define the application of these concepts. None of the "measurements” (methodological, (...)
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  44.  14
    Post-structuralism.Vladimir L. Schulz & Tatiana M. Lyubimova - 2023 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 60 (2):151-167.
    The article draws a conceptual distinction the (French) structuralism of the 50’s–60’s and the post-structuralism of the 70’s, which are discussed as overlapping in their intellectual paths; their mutual dynamics is defined as a reaction of the intelligence to the pressure of depersonalized unified schemes within the logic of structuralism against free improvisation and loose interpretation instead of total explanations in the post-structuralism interpretation. The article establishes a conceptual identity of the paradoxical nature between post-structuralism (and deconstructionism, which is homogeneous (...)
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  45.  2
    Conceptualizing Scientific Progress.Tatiana D. Sokolova - 2023 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 60 (2):23-34.
    Overcoming disciplinary separation, organizing and conducting successful inter- and transdisciplinary research is a growing trend in contemporary scientific practices, which is viewed as a necessary condition for the progress of scientific knowledge, and therefore requires philosophical reflection. If it is the growing scientific specialization that has been considered as a constant identification of the progress of science since the 19th century, it is a disciplinary separation that has become an obstacle for the study of complex objects since the end of (...)
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  46.  4
    Reply to Critics.Tatiana D. Sokolova - 2023 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 60 (2):72-74.
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  47.  5
    Scientific Progress, Rationality and Interdisciplinarity.Evgenii G. Tsurkan - 2023 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 60 (2):65-71.
    The critical remark within the framework of the panel discussion problematizes three provisions of the article proposed for discussion. The first is the dual nature of the concept of “scientific progress”, which is both descriptive and normative. The remark criticizes the descriptive understanding of scientific progress and argues for the adequacy of the description of this concept exclusively in a normative way. The second provision concerns the possibility of accepting “rationality” as a universal criterion for scientific progress. The doubt about (...)
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  48.  2
    The Structure of Agentive Awareness in Kent Bach’s Representational Theory of Action.Artem S. Yashin - 2023 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 60 (2):133-150.
    This paper analyzes Kent Bach’s representational theory of action, one of the causal theories of action. Bach’s theory sets requirements not only for the cause of an action, but also for how it unfolds in time and transitions into another action. These requirements suggest a sequential emergence of two components of the agent’s action awareness: the representation of the prepared movement and the perception of its sensory consequences. Bach introduces the concepts of “effective representation” (ER) and “receptive representation” (RR) to (...)
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  49.  4
    Rational Foundations of Creative Consciousness in Science.Nadezhda D. Astashova & Evgeny V. Maslanov - 2023 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 60 (1):34-42.
    This is a reply to the article by A.M. Dorozhkin, S.V. Shibarshina “Epistemological Randomization, or On Creativity in Science”. The comprehension of the general philosophical problems of scientific rationality is inextricably linked with the creative development of the world. An actual philosophical position can be formed on the basis of the intersection of several alternative approaches. The first is connected with the understanding of rationality as a special style of thinking of the epoch, in which the coordinate system of the (...)
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  50.  1
    Epistemological Randomization, or On Creativity in Science.Alexander M. Dorozhkin & Svetlana V. Shibarshina - 2023 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 60 (1):21-33.
    This article attempts to comprehend the problem within the methodology of science. The authors compare the concepts of creativity and heuristics and suggest a semantic differentiation between them, and also offer their own viewpoint on the main types of activity corresponding to these concepts. The problem of creativity is associated with the characteristics that a person must have in order to solve tasks and problems. The authors consider the relationship between the problem and the task, as well as some major (...)
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  51.  2
    Complementarity or Incommensurability? Reply to Critics.Alexander M. Dorozhkin & Svetlana V. Shibarshina - 2023 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 60 (1):76-81.
    The article provides a reply to critical remarks made during the discussion about creativity and scientific knowledge. The authors propose to consider their concept of creativity not as antagonistic or incommensurable with the alternative, but rather co-existing through the complementarity principle. Responding to a comment about the socio-cultural conditionality of a particular cognitive situation, the authors question whether globalization seriously influence this matter in science. They support the statement about the importance of the interaction between science and art, science and (...)
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  52.  8
    Modal Theory of Constitution and the Ontology of Persons.Bogdan V. Faul - 2023 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 60 (1):98-114.
    Modal constitution theory is one of the most influential solutions to the paradoxes of coincidence, and the problem of personal identity. It rests on three fundamental premises: common-sense objects exist; sometimes objects coincide in space; the coincidence of objects in space requires explanation. In this article, the author offers a critique of the modal theory of constitution. First, the definition of the constitution is examined and a new argument is offered that modal theory either does not provide asymmetry of the (...)
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  53.  3
    Could Galileo Discover the Law of Universal Gravitation in 1611, Was There Newton’s Apple and What Is “Modern Physics”?Gennady Gorelik - 2023 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 60 (1):182-203.
    The central problem of the article is the paradox in the history of Newton’s mechanics: prominent researchers of the genesis of the Principia did not believe Newton’s words about the origin of the idea of universal gravity. They did not believe that he could have come up with this idea as early as 1666, considering circular orbits, and believed that Newton invented the story of the falling apple. The article proposes a “subjunctive” scenario leading to the law of universal gravity (...)
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  54.  3
    Creativity is not Essence but Existence!Ilya T. Kasavin & Anna V. Sakharova - 2023 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 60 (1):50-59.
    The article offers a socio-historical approach to the problem of creative personality in polemic with the article by A.M. Dorozhkin and S.V. Shibarshina. Creative activity is considered not as a psychological process or an expression of cognitive abilities, but as a result evaluated by the professional scientific community and even by the entire society. The distinction between the psychological, historical and historical-epistemological interpretation of creativity is discussed. The authors argue that although the proposed approach has an explanatory potential for creativity (...)
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  55.  4
    Chimera of Naturalism and Free Will.Anton V. Kuznetsov - 2023 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 60 (1):221-240.
    This article is devoted to the analysis of arguments from empirical science against free will. Its main purpose is to reveal their deep anti-naturalism. This anti-naturalism lies in the use of a concept of free will that cannot be the subject of naturalistic consideration, as well as in the various explanatory and ontological paradoxes that arguments from empirical science lead in case when someone is trying to generalize the explanatory principles underlying them. At the beginning of the article, the author (...)
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  56.  3
    Paradigms and the Principle of Internalism: An Analysis of the Concept of Rational Acceptability.Sergei V. Nikonenko - 2023 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 60 (1):82-97.
    The article is devoted to the consideration of the relationship of T. Kuhn (and his followers) with representatives of the school of internal realism. Theses of the article: Kuhn’s teaching does not contain an unambiguous understanding of the basis on which ideas within the paradigm are acceptable to a scientist; post-Kuhn discussions in the field of epistemology of scientific knowledge acquire not historical, but “human” character; they are conducted around the concept of “rational acceptability”; theoretical positions as epistemological anarchism, similarly, (...)
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  57.  16
    The Epistemological Paradigm of Post-Religious Humility.Nick Overduin - 2023 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 60 (1):131-148.
    After Copernicus (1473–1543) and the ongoing development of contemporary cosmization, a new epistemological paradigm of post-religious humility is replacing religious versions. In the 100th year of Kuhn/Lakatos, this article explores the differences between religious and post-religious paradigms of humility as a formative aspect of human knowing. Although post-religious humility does not necessarily strive to criticize earlier paradigms of humility, an implicit critique is often present. In accordance with Kuhnian/Lakatosian theory, this article is not about psychological traits or personality characteristics; rather, (...)
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  58.  2
    Creativity Opportunities: When Non-science Helps o Answer Scientific Questions.Olesya I. Sokolova - 2023 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 60 (1):60-67.
    In this reply to the article by A.M. Dorozhkin and S.V. Shibarshina, the question of the creative nature of the randomization technique is considered, which is understood as a rejection of logically obvious ways to solve scientific problems, and involves the inclusion of an element of randomness, or uncertainty, in the scientific search procedure. Some doubt is expressed about the consequences of introducing the technique of epistemological randomization into the tactics of solving scientific problems. The author of the article emphasizes (...)
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  59.  3
    Contemporary Cognitive Psychology: What Theories Do.Vladimir F. Spiridonov & Nikita I. Loginov - 2023 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 60 (1):166-181.
    This paper continues the analysis of the advantages and disadvantages of ontic structural realism, which begun in the first part of the paper. Non-eliminative versions of this approach are considered, which try to find a compromise between the ontology of structures and the ontology of objects. It is shown that the semirealism of A. Chakravartti and the constructive structural realism of T. Cao have a number of limitations caused by the authors’ desire to strictly distinguish between the nature of the (...)
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  60.  5
    Structures, Objects, and Reality. Part 2.Vladislav E. Terekhovich - 2023 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 60 (1):149-165.
    This paper continues the analysis of the advantages and disadvantages of ontic structural realism, which begun in the first part of the paper. Non-eliminative versions of this approach are considered, which try to find a compromise between the ontology of structures and the ontology of objects. It is shown that the semirealism of A. Chakravartti and the constructive structural realism of T. Cao have a number of limitations caused by the authors’ desire to strictly distinguish between the nature of the (...)
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  61.  10
    Science as an Object of Faith and Distrust: The Phenomenon of Denialism.Liana A. Tukhvatulina - 2023 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 60 (1):6-20.
    The author analyzes the phenomenon of denialism (denial of scientific consensus out of the normative boundaries of scientific discussion). The intellectual origins (including connection with P. Feyerabend’s post-positivism), sociocultural characteristics and political aspects of this phenomenon are discussed. The author defends the thesis that denialism is associated with scientism – non-reflexive trust in science, which is used for unscrupulous manipulations for the purpose of political influence. As an example, she considers the South African expert case related to HIV denial in (...)
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  62.  3
    Russian Aristocracy and Private Forms of Scientific Organization: The Case of Grand Duke Nikolai Mikhailovich.Maxim V. Vinarski & Tatiana I. Yusupova - 2023 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 60 (1):204-220.
    The structure of Russian science of the XIX century was dominated by state forms of its organization. At the same time, there were also a few private (non-governmental) forms of research communities. One of the little-studied phenomena of scientific privacy is the so-called “kruzhok” (a little circle in Russian). The article examines the history of the formation and activity of one of such “kruzhoks”, formed in the 1880s–1890s around Grand Duke Nikolai Mikhailovich, who was seriously engaged in research in the (...)
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  63.  5
    Argumentation from a Cognitive Perspective.Natalia V. Zaitseva - 2023 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 60 (1):115-130.
    This paper was motivated by reflections on what makes our argument convincing and persuasive. The substantive answer in my view suggests the examination of the cognitive grounds of argumentation. In the introductory section, I consider various approaches to identifying the cognitive component in argumentation. That way, I briefly observe recent relevant publications, which I classify into two groups: those directly addressing cognitive grounds of argumentation; and papers on formal models of argumentation that take cognitive nature of persuasion as a premise. (...)
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  64.  4
    Creativity, Tailoring and Basic Research.Evgeny A. Zharkov - 2023 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 60 (1):68-75.
    In their article, A.M. Dorozhkin and S.V. Shibarshina focus on the concepts of problem, task, and features of a creative personality as a single isolated agent. To a certain extent, such view is “opposed” by the socio-epistemic approach, since today it is extremely difficult to consider a person outside the socio-cultural context. In my paper, I discuss the distinctive features of the concepts of tasks and problems in connection with the fields of science and education. As an example of a (...)
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  65.  1
    Счастливая (не)случайность: серендипность как фактор решения научных проблем.А.М Фейгельман - 2023 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 60 (1):43-49.
    The article considers the concept of serendipity (the ability to make unexpected discoveries) in comparison with the concept of “epistemological randomization” introduced by A.M. Dorozhkin and S.V. Shibarshina. The genesis and content of the concept of “serendipity” in the interpretation of American sociologists R. Merton and E. Barber are revealed. The division of serendipity into three types is considered depending on the source and result of an unexpected scientific discovery. The first type of serendipity refers to a situation of random (...)
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