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  1.  18
    Group Belief: Defending a Minimal Version of Summativism.Domingos Faria - 2021 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 58 (1):82-93.
    Beliefs are commonly attributed to groups or collective entities. But what is the nature of group belief? Summativism and nonsummativism are two main rival views regarding the nature of group belief. On the one hand, summativism holds that, necessarily, a group g has a belief B only if at least one individual i is both a member of g and has B. On the other hand, non-summativism holds that it is possible for a group g to have a belief B (...)
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  2. From Modernization to Greening.Irina A. Gerasimova - 2021 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 58 (1):8-21.
    The article discusses the problem of complex relationships between the two leading areas of scientific, technical and socio-cultural development – modernization and greening. The emergence of new general scientific methodologies and interdisciplinary types of knowledge is largely due to the release of human demiurgic activity to the planetary level. A new interdisciplinary area of research is gaining momentum – geoecology. Natural and socio-humanitarian sciences are involved in the study of geoecological problems. In social epistemology, the problem of interaction between science, (...)
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  3. Benacerraf and Set-Theoretic Reductionist Realism.Lev D. Lamberov - 2021 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 58 (1):142-160.
    The paper is devoted to analysis of P. Benacerraf’s argument against set-theoretic reductionist realism which is a fragment of a broader argument, know as the “identification problem”. The analyzed fragment of P. Benacerraf’s argument concerns the possibility of reducing of mathematical notions to set-theoretic notions. The paper presents a reconstruction of P. Benacerraf’s original argumentation, its analysis and also several possible objections proposed by P. Benacerraf himself about 30 years later after the original publication. Namely, he claimed that a set-theoretic (...)
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  4. Games With Space.Olga A. Lavrenova - 2021 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 58 (1):178-196.
    The culture beeing in the geographical space is one of the important problem fields of ontology. The process of understanding the environment has many levels and characteristics. Culture is an universal object of semiotics, in this case it is considered as a subject of the semioticization of geographical space, the formation of the image of the world. Culture inherits and constantly renews the main discourses associated with this ongoing process, the origins of which lie in the deep archaic. As a (...)
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  5. Ludwig Wittgenstein and Logical Positivism.Alexander L. Nikiforov - 2021 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 58 (1):22-30.
    The article examines the question of whether L. Wittgenstein's Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus had any influence on the formation and development of logical positivism. It is shown that the members of the Vienna Circle were familiar with the Tractatus, but practically did not accept anything from its content. Wittgenstein's reasoning about the world, about facts, about the structure of fact were rejected by them as a bad metaphysics, with which they fought. The denial of causality and the deprivation of the meaning of (...)
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  6. So, What Is Tractatus? Reply to Critics.Alexander L. Nikiforov - 2021 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 58 (1):75-78.
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  7. Logical Positivism, Values, and Norms.Vitaly V. Ogleznev - 2021 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 58 (1):48-56.
    During its hundred-year history, Ludwig Wittgenstein’s Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus has undergone a variety of interpretations and explanations. But the significance of this work cannot be limited to an assessment of whether it had an impact on the development of logical positivism or not. Similarly, the reading of Tractatus cannot be reduced to just an ethical or some other readings. This article proposes to study a possible reading of “Tractatus” in terms of legal philosophy, which is based on the relation between facts, (...)
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  8. Body As an Object of Experimentation and the Emergence of Biomedicine Ethos.Olga V. Popova - 2021 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 58 (1):125-141.
    The purpose of the article is to study the influence of Nazi experiments on the formation of ideas about the ethos of science in the field of biomedicine. It is shown that the idea of discrediting a value-neutral science was often confronted with the resistance of the scientists themselves, who, in different contexts of condemning Nazi crimes, appealed to the fact that they acted for the good of science, and even of all mankind. The article discusses the strategy of American (...)
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  9. Generative and Perceptive Models of Volition.Danil N. Razeev - 2021 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 58 (1):112-124.
    In recent decades, scientists and philosophers have developed several naturalistic theories of consciousness, in which they try to work out some theoretical foundations for a satisfactory solution to the problem of voluntary acts, in particular the genesis of voluntary bodily movements. From the author’s point of view, depending on which concept of consciousness scientists rely on in their empirical studies of voluntary movements, volition can be understood either as a generative act or as a perceptual act. The first part of (...)
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  10. Ethical Reading of the Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus.Kirill A. Rodin - 2021 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 58 (1):31-39.
    The hundred-year history of interpretations of Wittgenstein’s Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus we examine in the article through a gradual approach to an ethical reading of the work. The latter explains Wittgenstein’s unambiguous indication of ethical meaning as the main meaning of the Tractatus and consistently reconciles various parts of the work with the latest so-called ethical and mystical statements of the Tractatus and with demanding silence. An ethical reading explains the continuing influence and relevance of the Tractatus and is presented in the (...)
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  11. Wittgenstein in the Camp of Logical Positivists. Reply to Critics.Kirill A. Rodin - 2021 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 58 (1):79-81.
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  12. Ethics of Uncertainty As an Extension of Virtue Epistemology.Sergei Yu Shevchenko - 2021 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 58 (1):161-177.
    Uncertainty can’t be understood without taking into account both properties of the problem situation and agent’s knowledge about it. The correspondence of knowledge and situation of decision-making is crucial for understanding the onto-epistemological nature of uncertainty. At the same time, this correspondence is the key topic in virtue epistemology, especially in its ‘non-classical’, regulatory, branch, related to works of R. Roberts and W.J. Wood. In this article, genetic consultation is chosen as an example of such a problematic situation since a (...)
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  13. Logical Positivism, Wittgenstein and Ethical Value of the Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus.Valeriy A. Surovtsev - 2021 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 58 (1):57-66.
    The problem of interconnection of L. Wittgenstein and logical positivism is considered. It is proved that mutual influence did not exist and could not exist due to dissimilarities between the tasks proposed in the “Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus” and the goals that are basic for the representatives of the Vienna Circle. But the difference between the tasks and the goals does not diminish the value of the philosophy of early Wittgenstein, if even his philosophy cannot be interpreted from the point of view (...)
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  14. Russell and Wittgenstein’s Tractatus.Vitaly V. Tselishchev - 2021 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 58 (1):67-74.
    The author argues that Wittgenstein’s Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus owes much to Russell’s early philosophy. This point of view is demonstrated in the article by referring to G. Landini’s recent research on Russell’s Substitution Theory, as well as by the evaluations of the Tractatus of the prominent researchers: L. Goldstein, J. Hintikka, and J. Hacking. A skeptical view on the influence of the Tractatus and Wittgenstein personally on the doctrines of the Vienna Circle is presented by A. Koffa. The author proposes to (...)
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  15. On Wittgenstein’s Influence on the Logical Positivists.Vadim V. Vasilyev - 2021 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 58 (1):40-47.
    In this article, I consider the influence of the ideas of Ludwig Wittgenstein, and above all the ideas of his Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus on the philosophy of logical positivism. Agreeing that the question of such an influence is not a self-evident one, I clarify at first the concept of logical positivism and then turn to the evidence of the leading logical positivists about the influence of Wittgenstein upon them. An analysis of recollections of Moritz Schlick, Rudolf Carnap, Otto Neurath, Friedrich Waismann, (...)
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  16. Towards Protolanguage.Dmitry V. Zaitsev - 2021 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 58 (1):94-111.
    In this paper, I attempt to offer a general outline of my views on the origin and evolution of language. I do not pretend in any way to a completely new conception of language evolution. It seems to me that all the most important and productive hypotheses about the origin of language have already been made before, and it is only a matter of putting the pieces of the puzzle together correctly. As far as I can see it, the evolution (...)
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