Year:

  1. EEG Signal Diversity Varies With Sleep Stage and Aspects of Dream Experience.Arnfinn Aamodt, André Sevenius Nilsen, Benjamin Thürer, Fatemeh Hasanzadeh Moghadam, Nils Kauppi, Bjørn Erik Juel & Johan Frederik Storm - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Several theories link consciousness to complex cortical dynamics, as suggested by comparison of brain signal diversity between conscious states and states where consciousness is lost or reduced. In particular, Lempel-Ziv complexity, amplitude coalition entropy and synchrony coalition entropy distinguish wakefulness and REM sleep from deep sleep and anesthesia, and are elevated in psychedelic states, reported to increase the range and vividness of conscious contents. Some studies have even found correlations between complexity measures and facets of self-reported experience. As suggested by (...)
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  2. Service Innovation in Human Resource Management During COVID-19: A Study to Enhance Employee Loyalty Using Intrinsic Rewards.Muhammad Ibrahim Abdullah, Dechun Huang, Muddassar Sarfraz & Muhammad Waqas Sadiq - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    This research focuses on the employee loyalty aspect of private hospitals in Pakistan during the COVID-19 pandemic, seriously impacted by strict work demand and work-family conflict. To manage this issue, social rewards and psychological rewards played a role as a mediator. The study uses a causal research design with a correlational study design in a non-contrived environment. Minimal researcher interference has been assured. AMOS 24 has been used to deal with the mediation in study design with bootstrap methodology. The study (...)
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  3.  1
    No Evidence for a Decrease in Physical Activity Among Swiss Office Workers During COVID-19: A Longitudinal Study.Andrea Martina Aegerter, Manja Deforth, Gisela Sjøgaard, Venerina Johnston, Thomas Volken, Hannu Luomajoki, Julia Dratva, Holger Dressel, Oliver Distler, Markus Melloh & Achim Elfering - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    PurposeThe COVID-19 lockdown interrupted normal daily activities, which may have led to an increase in sedentary behavior. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of the COVID-19 pandemic on the level of physical activity among Swiss office workers.MethodsOffice workers from two Swiss organizations, aged 18–65 years, were included. Baseline data from January 2020 before the COVID-19 pandemic became effective in Switzerland were compared with follow-up data during the lockdown phase in April 2020. Levels of physical activity were (...)
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  4.  1
    No Evidence of Systematic Change of Physical Activity Patterns Before and During the Covid-19 Pandemic and Related Mood States Among Iranian Adults Attending Team Sports Activities.Alireza Aghababa, Seyed Hojjat Zamani Sani, Hadi Rohani, Maghsoud Nabilpour, Georgian Badicu, Zahra Fathirezaie & Serge Brand - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Objective: To cope with the Coronavirus Disease 2019 pandemic health authorities released social restrictions. Such social restrictions impacted on the people's possibilities to move deliberately in a public space and to gather with other people. In the present study, we investigated the impact of COVID-19-related restrictions on physical activity patterns before and during the confinement among team sports participants. Such PA patterns were further related to current mood states, and possible sex differences were also explored.Methods: A total of 476 adults (...)
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  5.  1
    Psychology, Physical Activity, and Post-Pandemic Health: An Embodied Perspective.Haney Aguirre-Loaiza, Antonio Mejía-Bolaño, Juliana Cualdrón & Sarah Ospina - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
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  6. Identifying the Links Between Trauma and Social Adjustment: Implications for More Effective Psychotherapy With Traumatized Youth.Sayedhabibollah Ahmadi Forooshani, Kate Murray, Nigar Khawaja & Zahra Izadikhah - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Background: Past research has highlighted the role of trauma in social adjustment problems, but little is known about the underlying process. This is a barrier to developing effective interventions for social adjustment of traumatized individuals. The present study addressed this research gap through a cognitive model.Methods: A total of 604 young adults from different backgrounds were assessed through self-report questionnaires. The data were analyzed through path analysis and multivariate analysis of variance. Two path analyses were conducted separately for migrant and (...)
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  7.  1
    Attention-Based Deep Entropy Active Learning Using Lexical Algorithm for Mental Health Treatment.Usman Ahmed, Suresh Kumar Mukhiya, Gautam Srivastava, Yngve Lamo & Jerry Chun-Wei Lin - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    With the increasing prevalence of Internet usage, Internet-Delivered Psychological Treatment has become a valuable tool to develop improved treatments of mental disorders. IDPT becomes complicated and labor intensive because of overlapping emotion in mental health. To create a usable learning application for IDPT requires diverse labeled datasets containing an adequate set of linguistic properties to extract word representations and segmentations of emotions. In medical applications, it is challenging to successfully refine such datasets since emotion-aware labeling is time consuming. Other known (...)
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  8.  2
    How Upper/Middle Managers' Ethical Leadership Activates Employee Ethical Behavior? The Role of Organizational Justice Perceptions Among Employees.Hussam Al Halbusi, Pablo Ruiz-Palomino, Pedro Jimenez-Estevez & Santiago Gutiérrez-Broncano - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Several studies have been conducted on ethical leadership and workplace ethical behavior but little is known about the role of organizational justice and each of its dimensions in this relationship. This study predicts that ethical leadership enhances organizational justice perceptions, including each of its specific dimensions, which in turn enhances employee ethical behavior. The results from two-wave survey data obtained from 270 employees in the Malaysian manufacturing industry confirm that ethical leadership has a positive impact on employee ethical behavior, and (...)
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  9. Sustaining Continuous Engagement in Value Co-Creation Among Individuals in Universities Using Online Platforms: Role of Knowledge Self-Efficacy, Commitment and Perceived Benefits.Nabil Hasan Al-Kumaim, Abdulsalam K. Alhazmi, T. Ramayah, Muhammad Salman Shabbir & Nadhmi A. Gazem - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Value Co-Creation plays a major role in engaging knowledgeable individuals in a community via innovation, problem solving, and new service/product development. This study investigates the personal factors that influence individuals’ engagement in value co-creation in Higher Education Institutions through the use of online platforms. Some higher education institutions have successfully established or used appropriate online platforms, such as online forums, web applications, and mobile applications to engage their community in ideation or crowdsourcing as a part of the value co-creation process. (...)
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  10.  5
    A Self-Compassion and Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Mobile Intervention (Serene) for Depression, Anxiety, and Stress: Promoting Adaptive Emotional Regulation and Wisdom.Mohamed Al-Refae, Amr Al-Refae, Melanie Munroe, Nicole A. Sardella & Michel Ferrari - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Introduction: Many individuals and families are currently experiencing a high level of COVID-19-related stress and are struggling to find helpful coping mechanisms. Mindfulness-based interventions are becoming an increasingly popular treatment for individuals experiencing depression and chronic levels of stress. The app draws from scholarly evidence on the efficacy of mindfulness meditations and builds on the pre-existing apps by incorporating techniques that are used in some therapies such as cognitive behavioral therapy and mindfulness-based cognitive therapy.Methods: Participants were randomly assigned to a (...)
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  11.  1
    Associations of Body Dissatisfaction With Lifestyle Behaviors and Socio-Demographic Factors Among Saudi Females Attending Fitness Centers.Nada M. Albawardi, Abeer A. AlTamimi, Mezna A. AlMarzooqi, Lama Alrasheed & Hazzaa M. Al-Hazzaa - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    ObjectiveTo examine body image perception and the associations of body dissatisfaction with socio-demographic and lifestyle factors among Saudi women attending fitness centers in Riyadh.MethodsSaudi females aged 16 years and older were recruited from 12 randomly selected fitness centers in Riyadh, using stratified clustered sampling technique. Height and weight were measured to calculate actual body mass index. A previously validated instrument was used to collect socio-demographic and lifestyle variables including physical activity, sedentary behaviors, sleep and dietary habits. Stunkard Figure Rating Scale (...)
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  12. The Expressive Triad: Structure, Color, and Texture Similarity of Emotion Expressions Predict Impressions of Neutral Faces.Daniel N. Albohn & Reginald B. Adams - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Previous research has demonstrated how emotion resembling cues in the face help shape impression formation. Perhaps most notable in the literature to date, has been work suggesting that gender-related appearance cues are visually confounded with certain stereotypic expressive cues. Only a couple studies to date have used computer vision to directly map out and test facial structural resemblance to emotion expressions using facial landmark coordinates to estimate face shape. In one study using a Bayesian network classifier trained to detect emotional (...)
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  13. Treatment of Traumatised Sexuality.Elsa Almås & Esben Esther Pirelli Benestad - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Based on therapeutic meetings with individuals who have experienced sexual violence and abuse, the challenge is how do we help these couples to establish sexual relationships on their own terms, without interference of defence or coping strategies they have used to protect themselves against the overwhelming experiences of violence or abuse in the past? This article will focus on therapeutic work with such couples and how to interact with them and support their efforts to establish satisfying sexual relationships, based on (...)
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  14. Psychometric Properties and Rasch Validation of the Teachers’ Version of the Perception of Resources Questionnaire.Ghaleb H. Alnahdi, Janka Goldan & Susanne Schwab - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Research indicates that the perception of available resources is a key factor for the implementation of inclusive education. Regarding the teachers, a relatively high level of perceived personnel and physical resources is associated with more positive attitudes toward inclusive education and experiencing a higher level of self-efficacy. Thus, this study aims to examine the psychometric properties of the teacher version of the Perceptions of Resources Questionnaire. Data were collected from a sample of 1,078 in-service teachers in Austria. Different statistical analyses (...)
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  15.  2
    Boys-Specific Text-Comprehension Enhancement With Dual Visual-Auditory Text Presentation Among 12–14 Years-Old Students.Maria Jose Alvarez-Alonso, Cristina de-la-Peña, Zaira Ortega & Ricardo Scott - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Quality of language comprehension determines performance in all kinds of activities including academics. Processing of words initially develops as auditory, and gradually extends to visual as children learn to read. School failure is highly related to listening and reading comprehension problems. In this study we analyzed sex-differences in comprehension of texts in Spanish in three modalities presented to 12–14-years old students, native in Spanish. We controlled relevant cognitive variables such as attention, phonological and semantic fluency and speed of processing. Girls’ (...)
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  16. Beyond the School Walls: Keeping Interactive Learning Environments Alive in Confinement for Students in Special Education.Garazi Álvarez-Guerrero, Ane López de Aguileta, Sandra Racionero-Plaza & Lirio Gissela Flores-Moncada - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    The COVID-19 pandemic and the accompanying safety measures, including confinement, has meant an unprecedented challenge for the world population today. However, it has entailed additional difficulties for specific populations, including children and people with disabilities. Being out of school for months has reduced the learning opportunities for many children, such as those with less academic resources at home or with poorer technological connectivity. For students with disabilities, it has entailed losing the quality of the special attention they often need, in (...)
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  17.  2
    Forest Before Trees: Letter Stimulus and Sex Modulate Global Precedence in Visual Perception.Andrea Álvarez-San Millán, Jaime Iglesias, Anahí Gutkin & Ela I. Olivares - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    The global precedence effect, originally referring to processing hierarchical visual stimuli composed of letters, is characterised by both global advantage and global interference. We present herein a study of how this effect is modulated by the variables letter and sex. The Navon task, using the letters “H” and “S,” was administered to 78 males and 168 females. No interaction occurred between the letter and sex variables, but significant main effects arose from each of these. Reaction times revealed that the letter (...)
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  18.  1
    Identification of the Patterns Produced in the Offensive Sequences That End in a Goal in European Futsal.Mario Amatria, Javier Álvarez, Javier Ramírez & Víctor Murillo - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Victory is the ultimate aim in high performance sports; when it comes to team sports, the goal is the key that allows players to achieve that victory. This is the case with futsal which, due to its internal structure as well as the speed in the development of its game, makes the achievement of a goal not an isolated event, but rather more than one goal must be scored to achieve victory. The aim of the present study is to analyze (...)
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  19. A Longitudinal Study on Generalized Anxiety Among University Students During the First Wave of the COVID-19 Pandemic in Switzerland.Simone Amendola, Agnes von Wyl, Thomas Volken, Annina Zysset, Marion Huber & Julia Dratva - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    ObjectiveThe COVID-19 pandemic and government measures implemented to counter the spread of the infection may be a major stressor affecting the psychological health of university students. This study aimed to explore how anxiety symptoms changed during the pandemic.Methods676 students at Zurich University of Applied Sciences participated in the first and second survey waves. Anxiety symptoms were assessed using the Generalized Anxiety Disorder-Scale-7. Risk and protective factors were examined.ResultsGAD-7 scores decreased significantly from T0 to T1. Participants with moderate-to-severe anxiety score were (...)
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  20.  1
    The Validation and Further Development of the Multidimensional Cognitive Load Scale for Physical and Online Lectures.Martin S. Andersen & Guido Makransky - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Cognitive load theory has been widely used to help understand the process of learning and to design teaching interventions. The Cognitive Load Scale developed by Leppink and colleagues has emerged as one of the most validated and widely used self-report measures of intrinsic load, extraneous load, and germane load. In this paper we investigated an expansion of the CLS by using a multidimensional conceptualization of the EL construct that is relevant for physical and online teaching environments. The Multidimensional Cognitive Load (...)
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  21.  1
    How Digital Food Affects Our Analog Lives: The Impact of Food Photography on Healthy Eating Behavior.Tjark Andersen, Derek Victor Byrne & Qian Janice Wang - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Obesity continues to be a global issue. In recent years, researchers have started to question the role of our novel yet ubiquitous use of digital media in the development of obesity. With the recent COVID-19 outbreak affecting almost all aspects of society, many people have moved their social eating activities into the digital space, making the question as relevant as ever. The bombardment of appetizing food images and photography – colloquially referred to as “food porn” – has become a significant (...)
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  22. A Systematic Review of Fear of Cancer Recurrence Among Indigenous and Minority Peoples.Kate Anderson, Allan ‘Ben' Smith, Abbey Diaz, Joanne Shaw, Phyllis Butow, Louise Sharpe, Afaf Girgis, Sophie Lebel, Haryana Dhillon, Linda Burhansstipanov, Boden Tighe & Gail Garvey - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    While cancer survivors commonly experience fear and anxiety, a substantial minority experience an enduring and debilitating fear that their cancer will return; a condition commonly referred to as fear of cancer recurrence. Despite recent advances in this area, little is known about FCR among people from Indigenous or other ethnic and racial minority populations. Given the high prevalence and poor outcomes of cancer among people from these populations, a robust understanding of FCR among people from these groups is critical. The (...)
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  23. Higher Physical Activity Levels May Help Buffer the Negative Psychological Consequences of Coronavirus Disease 2019 Pandemic.Raul Antunes, Ricardo Rebelo-Gonçalves, Nuno Amaro, Rogério Salvador, Rui Matos, Pedro Morouço & Roberta Frontini - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    This study explored the associations between physical activity anxiety levels, and the perception of satisfaction of basic psychological needs, during Coronavirus Disease 2019 lockdown. Thus, 1,404 participants ranging from 18 to 89 years old completed a questionnaire in the period between 1st and 15th April 2021. The survey included sociodemographic data and the following validated instruments: the International Physical Activity Questionnaire, the Basic Need General Satisfaction Scale and the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory. The Kruskal-Wallis test was performed to examine variation in (...)
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  24. Measuring Resilience Across Participating Regions in the UPRIGHT EU Horizon 2020 Project: Factor Structure and Psychometric Properties of the Resilience Scale for Adolescents.Frederick Anyan, Roxanna Morote, Carlota Las Hayas, Silvia Gabrielli, Iwona Mazur, Dora Gudrun Gudmundsdottir, Nerea González, Anna Królicka-Deregowska, Antoni Zwiefka, Anna S. Olafsdottir & Odin Hjemdal - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Resilience is the process and outcome of healthy adaptation despite significant adversity. Proliferation of research on the resilience construct has led to scientific concerns about the operationalization and measurement of resilience for assessment science and practice. Various studies that have investigated the psychometric properties and construct validity of the Resilience Scale for Adolescents have yielded inconsistent findings, which could partly be due to variations in the methodological approaches. This study investigated the factor structure and construct validity of the READ in (...)
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  25. Corrigendum: Acceptance of Diversity as a Building Block of Social Cohesion: Individual and Structural Determinants.Regina Arant, Mandi Larsen & Klaus Boehnke - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
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  26. Acceptance of Diversity as a Building Block of Social Cohesion: Individual and Structural Determinants.Regina Arant, Mandi Larsen & Klaus Boehnke - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    High levels of social cohesion have been shown to be beneficial both for social entities and for their residents. It is therefore not surprising that scholars from several disciplines investigate which factors contribute to or hamper social cohesion at various societal levels. In recent years, the question of how individuals deal with the increasing diversity of their neighborhoods and society as a whole has become of particular interest when examining cohesion. The present study takes this a step further by combining (...)
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  27.  2
    “Time Slows Down Whenever You Are Around” for Women but Not for Men.Joana Arantes, Margarida Pinho, John Wearden & Pedro Barbas Albuquerque - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    What happens when we unexpectedly see an attractive potential partner? Previous studies in laboratory settings suggest that the visualization of attractive and unattractive photographs influences the perception of time. The major aim of this research is to study time perception and attraction in a realistic social scenario, by investigating if changes in subjective time measured during a speed dating are associated with attraction. The duration of the dates was variable and participants had to estimate the time that passed. Among other (...)
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  28. Electrophysiological Examination of Feedback-Based Learning in 8–11-Year-Old Children.Yael Arbel & Annie B. Fox - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    The study aimed at evaluating the extent to which the feedback related negativity, an ERP component associated with feedback processing, is related to learning in school-age children. Eighty typically developing children between the ages of 8 and 11 years completed a declarative learning task while their EEG was recorded. The study evaluated the predictive value of the FRN on learning retention as measured by accuracy on a follow-up test a day after the session. The FRN elicited by positive feedback was (...)
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  29.  3
    A Multi-Block Multivariate Analysis to Explore the Influence of the Somatic Maturation in Youth Basketball.Jorge Arede, Irene Oliveira, Miguel-Angel Ángel Gomez & Nuno Leite - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    The aim of this study was to examine the influence of somatic maturation in anthropometric, physical, and game-related variables in youth basketball age groups under-13 and under-15. One-hundred and eighty-five basketball players performed anthropometrical and physical tests during a non-official youth basketball tournament. Predicted maturity offset and game-related variables were also analyzed. Cluster analysis was used to analyze the between-maturation status differences in all parameters in each age group. Also, regularized generalized canonical correlation analysis was used to assess relative contributions (...)
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  30. The Relationship Between the Burnout Syndrome Dimensions and Body Mass Index as a Moderator Variable on Obese Managers in the Mexican Maquiladora Industry.Oziely Armenta-Hernández, Aidé Maldonado-Macías, María del Rocío Camacho-Alamilla, Miguel Ángel Serrano-Rosa, Yolanda Angélica Baez-Lopez & Cesar Omar Balderrama-Armendariz - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Burnout syndrome and obesity are two growing conditions that affect employees’ health and company productivity. Recently, several studies have pointed to a possible relationship between both phenomena. However, such a relationship has not been clearly defined. This research analyzes the relationship between BS dimensions and body mass index, the latter being treated as a moderator variable among obese senior and middle managers in the Mexican maquiladora industry through a structural equation model. A total of 361 senior and middle managers completed (...)
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  31. The Role of Comparisons in Judgments of Loneliness.Andrew J. Arnold, Heather Barry Kappes, Eric Klinenberg & Piotr Winkielman - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Loneliness—perceived social isolation—is defined as a discrepancy between existing social relationships and desired quality of relationships. Whereas most research has focused on existing relationships, we consider the standards against which people compare them. Participants who made downward social or temporal comparisons that depicted their contact with others as better reported less loneliness than participants who made upward comparisons that depicted their contact with others as worse. Extending these causal results, in a survey of British adults, upward social comparisons predicted current (...)
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  32. A Longitudinal Examination of the Association Between Meaning in Life, Resilience, and Mental Well-Being in Times of Coronavirus Pandemic.Gökmen Arslan & Murat Yıldırım - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    The coronavirus disease possesses an important threat to people's health and well-being. The purpose of the present study is to longitudinally examine whether meaning in life before the pandemic increases resilience and mental well-being during the coronavirus pandemic. The sample of the study comprised 172 young adults in a public university in an urban city of Turkey. Participants ranged in age between 18 and 40 years. Mediation analyses were performed to examine the impacts of meaning in life on the outcomes (...)
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  33. Meaning-Based Coping and Spirituality During the COVID-19 Pandemic: Mediating Effects on Subjective Well-Being.Gökmen Arslan & Murat Yıldırım - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    The coronavirus pandemic has significantly affected the Turkish population. During the pandemic, people with high coronavirus stress are at risk of experiencing poor subjective well-being. There is no research investigating the role of meaning-based coping and spirituality in explaining the link between coronavirus stress and subjective well-being. This study examined the mediating roles of meaning-based coping and spiritual well-being in the link between coronavirus stress and subjective well-being in young adults during the COVID-19 pandemic. The sample included 427 young adults, (...)
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  34.  3
    Mediating Effect of Personal Meaning in the Prediction of Life Satisfaction and Mental Health Problems Based on Coronavirus Suffering.Gökmen Arslan, Murat Yıldırım & Mega M. Leung - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Research Problem: The onset of the COVID-19 pandemic has triggered a multi-faceted crisis worldwide. Researchers and health authorities in various parts of the world echoed the dire condition of the public's mental health. This study sought to examine the mediating effect of personal meaning on the association between coronavirus -related suffering, mental health problems, and life satisfaction. Participants included 231 adults and completed measures of suffering related to COVID-19, meaning, life satisfaction, and mental health problems online.Results: Findings from mediation analysis (...)
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  35.  3
    Correlates of Psychological Distress Among Pakistani Adults During the COVID-19 Outbreak: Parallel and Serial Mediation Analyses.Farzana Ashraf, Gull Zareen, Aasia Nusrat, Amna Arif & Mark D. Griffiths - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Objective: The global outbreak of COVID-19 has greatly affected individual's lives around the world and resulted in various negative psychological consequences. During the pandemic, reflection on and attention to COVID-19 may help in dealing with its symptomology but frequent and persistent thoughts about the situation can be unhealthy. The present study examined the direct and indirect associations between obsession concerning COVID-19, psychological distress, life satisfaction, and meaning in life.Design: This mediation study presents a primary analysis of normative data collected after (...)
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  36. The Influence of Affective State on Subjective-Report Measurements: Evidence From Experimental Manipulations of Mood.Kine Askim & Stein Knardahl - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    A substantial portion of the knowledge base of psychology is based on subjective reports with a risk of information bias. The objective of the present study was to elucidate one contextual source of variance and potential bias in subjective reports: the influence of affective state at the time of responding to questionnaires. Employees were subjected to mood-induction procedures in the laboratory. Neutral, positive, and negative moods were induced by combinations of pictures from the international affective picture set and music. The (...)
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  37. The Effects of Brief Mindfulness Training on Attentional Processes: Mindfulness Increases Prepulse Facilitation but Not Prepulse Inhibition.Ole Åsli, Marta F. Johansen & Ida Solhaug - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Mindfulness is intentional focus of one’s attention on emotions, thoughts, or sensations occurring in the present moment with a nonjudgmental attitude. Recently there has been increased interest in the effects of mindfulness practice on psychological processes such as concentration, focus, and attention. In the present study, a prepulse inhibition/facilitation paradigm was employed to investigate the effect of brief mindfulness practice on automatic attention regulation processes. PPI occurs when a relatively weak prepulse is presented 30–500 ms before a startle-inducing stimulus, and (...)
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  38.  2
    The Relationship Between Cultural Value Orientations and the Changes in Mobility During the Covid-19 Pandemic: A National-Level Analysis.Selin Atalay & Gaye Solmazer - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    This study investigated the relationship between cultural value orientations and country-specific changes in mobility during the Covid-19 pandemic. The aim was to understand how cultural values relate to mobility behavior during the initial stages of the pandemic. The aggregated data include Schwartz's cultural orientations, Gross Domestic Product per capita, number of Covid-19 cases per million, and mobility change during the Covid-19 pandemic. Regression analyses showed that, after controlling for economy and severity of disease, hierarchy was the primary factor reducing mobility, (...)
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  39.  2
    Beliefs and Risk Perceptions About COVID-19: Evidence From Two Successive French Representative Surveys During Lockdown.Arthur E. Attema, Olivier L’Haridon, Jocelyn Raude & Valérie Seror - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    BackgroundThe outbreak of COVID-19 has been a major interrupting event, challenging how societies and individuals deal with risk. An essential determinant of the virus’ spread is a series of individual decisions, such as wearing face masks in public space. Those decisions depend on trade-offs between costs and risks, and beliefs are key to explain these.MethodsWe elicit beliefs about the COVID-19 pandemic during lockdown in France by means of surveys asking French citizens about their belief of the infection fatality ratio for (...)
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  40.  1
    Do You See What I See? Effectiveness of 360-Degree Vs. 2D Video Ads Using a Neuroscience Approach.Jose M. Ausin-Azofra, Enrique Bigne, Carla Ruiz, Javier Marín-Morales, Jaime Guixeres & Mariano Alcañiz - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    This study compares cognitive and emotional responses to 360-degree vs. static videos in terms of visual attention, brand recognition, engagement of the prefrontal cortex, and emotions. Hypotheses are proposed based on the interactivity literature, cognitive overload, advertising response model and motivation, opportunity, and ability theoretical frameworks, and tested using neurophysiological tools: electroencephalography, eye-tracking, electrodermal activity, and facial coding. The results revealed that gaze view depends on ad content, visual attention paid being lower in 360-degree FMCG ads than in 2D ads. (...)
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  41. Drivers or Drifters? The “Who” and “Why” of Leader Role Occupancy—A Mixed-Method Study.Elina Auvinen, Mari Huhtala, Johanna Rantanen & Taru Feldt - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    This study investigated the reasons that leaders have given for their leader role occupancy. By using a mixed-method approach and large leader data, we aimed to provide a more nuanced picture of how leader positions are occupied in real life. We examined how individual leadership motivation may associate with other reasons for leader role occupancy. In addition, we aimed to integrate the different reasons behind leader role occupancy into the framework of sustainable leader careers and its two indicators: leader’s health (...)
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  42.  1
    Perceived Stress and Coping Strategies Among Undergraduate Health Science Students of Jimma University Amid the COVID-19 Outbreak: Online Cross-Sectional Survey.Mengist Awoke, Girma Mamo, Samuel Abdu & Behailu Terefe - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Background: The rapid spread of COVID-19 infection has led countries across the globe to take various measures to contain the outbreak, including the closure of Universities. Forcing University students to stay at home has created enormous stress and uncertainty in their daily life.Objective: This study aimed to assess the perceived stress and coping strategies among undergraduate health science students of Jimma University amid the COVID-19 outbreak.Materials and methods: An online cross-sectional survey was conducted involving 337 undergraduate health science students from (...)
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  43.  2
    The Principle of Least Effort and Comprehension of Spoken Sentences by Younger and Older Adults.Nicolai D. Ayasse, Alana J. Hodson & Arthur Wingfield - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    There is considerable evidence that listeners’ understanding of a spoken sentence need not always follow from a full analysis of the words and syntax of the utterance. Rather, listeners may instead conduct a superficial analysis, sampling some words and using presumed plausibility to arrive at an understanding of the sentence meaning. Because this latter strategy occurs more often for sentences with complex syntax that place a heavier processing burden on the listener than sentences with simpler syntax, shallow processing may represent (...)
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  44. The Nurse or Midwife at the Crossroads of Caring for Patients With Suicidal and Rigid Religious Ideations in Africa.Lydia Aziato, Joyce B. P. Pwavra, Yennuten Paarima & Kennedy Dodam Konlan - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Nurses and midwives are the majority of healthcare professionals globally, including Africa, and they provide care at all levels of the health system including community levels. Nurses and midwives contribute to the care of patients with rigid or dogmatic religious beliefs or those with suicidal ideations. This review paper discusses acute and chronic diseases that have suicidal tendencies such as terminal cancer, diseases with excruciating pain, physical disability, stroke, end-stage renal failure, and diabetics who are amputated. It was reiterated that (...)
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  45. Editorial: Intersectionality and Identity Development: How Do We Conceptualize and Research Identity Intersectionalities in Youth Meaningfully?Margarita Azmitia & Katherine Cumings Mansfield - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
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  46. The Glass Ceiling for Women Managers: Antecedents and Consequences for Work-Family Interface and Well-Being at Work.Audrey Babic & Isabelle Hansez - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Despite significant promotion of diversity in companies, as well as legislation for equal opportunities for women and men, it must be noted that women still remain largely in the minority in decision-making positions. This observation reflects the phenomenon of the glass ceiling that constitutes vertical discrimination within companies against women. Although the glass ceiling has generated research interest, some authors have pointed out that theoretical models have made little attempt to develop an understanding of this phenomenon and its implications. Therefore, (...)
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  47.  1
    Effects of Self-Expressive Brand and Susceptibility to Interpersonal Influence on Brand Addiction: Mediating Role of Brand Passion.Shizhen Bai, Yue Yin, Yubing Yu, Sheng Wei & Rong Wu - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Although the concept of the consumer–brand relationship has undergone rapid change over the past two decades, the issue of brand addiction is still generally neglected in the literature. Based on social identity theory, the research develops a conceptual model of the influence of self-expressive brands and susceptibility to interpersonal influence on brand addiction. The results of this research demonstrate both separate and joint effects of SEBs and SUSCEP on brand addiction. In addition, harmonious brand passion and obsessive brand passion positively (...)
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  48.  3
    Adaptive Managers as Emerging Leaders During the COVID-19 Crisis.Abdulah Bajaba, Saleh Bajaba, Mohammad Algarni, Abdulrahman Basahal & Sarah Basahel - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    The coronavirus disease 2019 has taken the world by surprise and has impacted the lives of many, including the business sector and its stakeholders. Although studies investigating the impact of COVID-19 on the organizational structure, job design, and employee well-being have been on the rise, fewer studies examined the role of leadership and what it takes to be an effective leader during such times. This study integrates social cognitive theory and conservation of resources theory to argue for the importance of (...)
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  49. Gratitude Affects Inter-Subjective Synchronicity for Cognitive Performance and Autonomic Responsiveness.Michela Balconi & Giulia Fronda - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Recently, social neurosciences have been interested in the investigation of neurophysiological responses related to the experience of positive emotions, such as gratitude, during social interactions. Specifically, the aim of the present research was to investigate whether gratitude related to gift exchange could favor cooperative behavior and bond construction, by improving behavioral and autonomic responsivity. At this regard, the autonomic synchronization and behavioral performance of 16 friends coupled in dyads were recorded during a joint attentional task. Gift exchange could be occurred (...)
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  50. Touching to Feel: Brain Activity During In-Store Consumer Experience.Michela Balconi, Irene Venturella, Roberta Sebastiani & Laura Angioletti - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    To gain a deeper understanding of consumers' brain responses during a real-time in-store exploration could help retailers to get much closer to costumers' experience. To our knowledge, this is the first time the specific role of touch has been investigated by means of a neuroscientific approach during consumer in-store experience within the field of sensory marketing. This study explores the presence of distinct cortical brain oscillations in consumers' brain while navigating a store that provides a high level of sensory arousal (...)
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  51. Incorporating Volunteering Into Treatment for Depression Among Adolescents: Developmental and Clinical Considerations.Parissa J. Ballard, Stephanie S. Daniel, Grace Anderson, Linda Nicolotti, Elimarie Caballero Quinones, Min Lee & Aubry N. Koehler - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Volunteering, or taking part in unpaid work for the benefit of others, can be a powerful positive experience with returns to both individual well-being and community projects. Volunteering is positively associated with mental health in observational studies with community samples but has not been systematically examined as a potential part of treatment interventions with clinical adolescent samples. In this manuscript, we review the empirical evidence base connecting volunteerism to mental health and well-being, outline potential mechanisms based in the theoretical literature (...)
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  52.  9
    Self and Other Mentalizing Polarities and Dimensions of Mental Health: Association With Types of Symptoms, Functioning and Well-Being.Sergi Ballespí, Jaume Vives, Carla Sharp, Lorena Chanes & Neus Barrantes-Vidal - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Research suggests that the ability to understand one’s own and others’ minds, or mentalizing, is a key factor for mental health. Most studies have focused the attention on the association between global measures of mentalizing and specific disorders. In contrast, very few studies have analyzed the association between specific mentalizing polarities and global measures of mental health. This study aimed to evaluate whether self and other polarities of mentalizing are associated with a multidimensional notion of mental health, which considers symptoms, (...)
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  53.  3
    Neuropsychiatric Symptoms in Pediatric Chronic Pain and Outcome of Acceptance and Commitment Therapy.Leonie J. T. Balter, Camilla Wiwe Lipsker, Rikard K. Wicksell & Mats Lekander - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Considerable heterogeneity among pediatric chronic pain patients may at least partially explain the variability seen in the response to behavioral therapies. The current study tested whether autistic traits and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder symptoms in a clinical sample of children and adolescents with chronic pain are associated with socioemotional and functional impairments and response to acceptance and commitment therapy treatment, which has increased psychological flexibility as its core target for coping with pain and pain-related distress. Children and adolescents aged 8–18 years were (...)
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  54.  2
    There Is More to Mindfulness Than Emotion Regulation: A Study on Brain Structural Networks.Sabina Baltruschat, Antonio Cándido, Antonio Maldonado, Carmen Verdejo-Lucas, Elvira Catena-Verdejo & Andrés Catena - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Dispositional mindfulness and emotion regulation are two psychological constructs closely interrelated, and both appear to improve with the long-term practice of mindfulness meditation. These constructs appear to be related to subcortical, prefrontal, and posterior brain areas involved in emotional processing, cognitive control, self-awareness, and mind wandering. However, no studies have yet discerned the neural basis of dispositional mindfulness that are minimally associated with emotion regulation. In the present study, we use a novel brain structural network analysis approach to study the (...)
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  55. Efforts on Changing Lifestyle Behaviors May Not Be Enough to Improve Health-Related Quality of Life Among Adolescents: A Cluster-Randomized Controlled Trial.Alexsandra da Silva Bandeira, Michael W. Beets, Pablo Magno da Silveira, Marcus Vinicius Veber Lopes, Valter Cordeiro Barbosa Filho, Bruno G. G. da Costa & Kelly Samara Silva - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Schools have been the main context for physical activity and sedentary behavior interventions among adolescents, but there is inconsistent evidence on whether they also improve dimensions of the health−related quality of life. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of a school-based active lifestyle intervention on dimensions of HRQoL. A secondary aim was to verify whether sex, age, and HRQoL at baseline were moderators of the intervention effect. A cluster-randomized controlled trial was conducted at three control and (...)
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  56.  1
    Psychosocial Framework of Resilience: Navigating Needs and Adversities During the Pandemic, A Qualitative Exploration in the Indian Frontline Physicians.Debanjan Banerjee, T. S. Sathyanarayana Rao, Roy Abraham Kallivayalil & Afzal Javed - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    IntroductionFrontline healthcare workers have faced significant plight during the ongoing Coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic. Studies have shown their vulnerabilities to depression, anxiety disorders, post-traumatic stress, and insomnia. In a developing country like India, with a rising caseload, resource limitations, and stigma, the adversities faced by the physicians are more significant. We attempted to hear their “voices” to understand their adversities and conceptualize their resilience framework.MethodsA qualitative approach was used with a constructivist paradigm. After an initial pilot, a socio-demographically heterogeneous population (...)
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  57.  1
    Role of Happiness: Mediating Digital Technology and Job Performance Among Lecturers.Yuni Ros Bangun, Adita Pritasari, Fransisca Budyanto Widjaja, Christina Wirawan, Anggara Wisesa & Henndy Ginting - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    PurposeHappiness has been the most important goal for humans throughout history and is a significant issue among university lecturers facing a rapid digital technology change. It is usually described as a well-being state, feeling satisfied and contented, consisting of positive happenings in an individual’s life concerning the social, spiritual, economic, psychological, and physiological spheres. This research examines the relationship between happiness, attitudes toward technology, and lecturers’ job performance in higher education.Design and MethodologyThis research design was a cross-sectional design that asked (...)
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  58.  1
    Virtual Terroir and the Premium Coffee Experience.Francisco Barbosa Escobar, Olivia Petit & Carlos Velasco - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    With its origin-centric value proposition, the specialty coffee industry seeks to educate consumers about the value of the origin of coffee and how the relationship with farmers ensures quality and makes coffee a premium product. While the industry has widely used stories and visual cues to communicate this added value, research studying whether and how these efforts influence consumers' experiences is scarce. Through three experiments, we explored the effect of images that evoke the terroir of coffee on the perception of (...)
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  59. Examining the Relationships Among Parental Overprotection, Military Life Adjustment, Social Anxiety, and Collective Efficacy.Kyounghee Bark, Jung Hee Ha & Juliet Jue - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    The purpose of this study was to verify the relationships among parental overprotection, military life adjustment, social anxiety, and collective efficacy. There have been studies examining the influence of each of these variables in isolation, but no study has examined these variables simultaneously. Two hundred and thirty-one male conscript soldiers participated in the study. Results indicated that all four variables were correlated with one another. Through hierarchical regression analysis, we determined that social anxiety fully mediated the relationship between PO and (...)
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  60. Abusive Sexting in Adolescence: Prevalence and Characteristics of Abusers and Victims.Ricardo Barroso, Eduarda Ramião, Patrícia Figueiredo & Alexandra M. Araújo - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Sexting has been defined as sending, receiving, or forwarding sexually explicit messages, images, or photos to others through digital platforms, and can assume more consensual or more abusive and violent forms. This study aims to explore the prevalence of abusive sexting in Portuguese adolescents and the psychological characteristics of sexting abusers in terms of emotional and behavioral problems, potential markers of psychopathy, childhood trauma and maltreatment, and different forms of aggression. A cross-sectional study was conducted with 4,281 participants, aged 12–20 (...)
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  61. Cancer Patient Experience of Uncertainty While Waiting for Genome Sequencing Results.Nicci Bartley, Christine E. Napier, Zoe Butt, Timothy E. Schlub, Megan C. Best, Barbara B. Biesecker, Mandy L. Ballinger & Phyllis Butow - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    There is limited knowledge about cancer patients' experiences of uncertainty while waiting for genome sequencing results, and whether prolonged uncertainty contributes to psychological factors in this context. To investigate uncertainty in patients with a cancer of likely hereditary origin while waiting for genome sequencing results, we collected questionnaire and interview data at baseline, and at three and 12 months follow up. Participants had negative attitudes towards uncertainty at baseline, and low levels of uncertainty at three and 12 months. Uncertainty about (...)
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  62.  4
    Developing Resilience During the COVID-19 Pandemic: Yoga and Mindfulness for the Well-Being of Student Musicians in Spain.L. Javier Bartos, María J. Funes, Marc Ouellet, M. Pilar Posadas & Chris Krägeloh - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Here, we report on a quasi-experimental study to explore the applicability and perceived benefits of the CRAFT program, which is based on mindfulness, yoga, positive psychology, and emotional intelligence, to improve higher education student musicians’ health and well-being during the lockdown. A subset of student musicians at a Higher Conservatory of Music in Spain followed the CRAFT program during the academic year 2019/2020, 1 h per week as part of their curriculum. Students enrolled in CRAFT-based elective subjects formed the CRAFT (...)
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  63. Effects of a Peer-Tutorial Reading Racetrack on Word Fluency of Secondary Students With Learning Disabilities and Emotional Behavioral Disorders.Anne Barwasser, Karolina Urton & Matthias Grünke - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Reading difficulties that are not addressed at the primary level continue to exist at the secondary level with serious consequences. Thus, it is important to provide struggling students with specific reading support. In particular, many students with learning disabilities and emotional behavioral disorders demonstrate reading obstacles and are at risk for motivation loss. A multiple baseline design was used to evaluate the effects of a motivational reading racetrack as peer-tutoring on the word reading skills of secondary students with LD with (...)
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  64. A Static-99R Validation Study on Individuals With Mental Disorders: 5 to 20 Years of Fixed Follow-Up After Sexual Offenses. [REVIEW]Christian Baudin, Thomas Nilsson, Joakim Sturup, Märta Wallinius & Peter Andiné - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    ‘The Static-99R is one of the most commonly used risk assessment instruments for individuals convicted of sexual offenses. It has been validated for use on many populations, but few studies specifically target and describe individuals with mental disorders. Additionally, research on the discriminative properties of the instrument over longer follow-up periods is scarce. This article evaluated the validity of the Static-99R using a cohort of individuals with mental disorders convicted of sexual offenses in Sweden with fixed 5-year, 10-year, 15-year, and (...)
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  65. Do Only White or Asian Males Belong in Genius Organizations? How Academic Organizations’ Fixed Theories of Excellence Help or Hinder Different Student Groups’ Sense of Belonging.Christina Bauer & Bettina Hannover - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    High-profile organizations often emphasize fixed giftedness rather than malleable effort-based criteria as critical for excellent achievements. With giftedness being primarily associated with White or Asian males, such organizational implicit theories of excellence may shape individuals’ sense of belonging depending on the extent to which they match the gifted White/Asian male prototype, i.e., the prototypical gifted person which is typically imagined to be a White or Asian male. Previous research has reported fixed excellence theories emphasizing giftedness to impair the sense of (...)
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  66. Patients and Parents’ Experience of Multi-Family Therapy for Anorexia Nervosa: A Pilot Study.Victoria Baumas, Rafika Zebdi, Sabrina Julien-Sweerts, Benjamin Carrot, Nathalie Godart, Lisa Minier & Natalie Rigal - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Background: Family therapy is considered as the gold standard in treatment of adolescents with anorexia nervosa. Among the different types of family therapy, multi-family therapy is increasingly used for treating AN, and shows promising results. In this article, our focus relied on the patients’ and their parents’ perceptions of the effectiveness and the underlying mechanisms of the MFT. Methods: The present pilot exploratory qualitative study included two focus groups conducted using a semi-structured approach: one with the adolescents, and another with (...)
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  67.  1
    Using the Health Belief Model to Understand Age Differences in Perceptions and Responses to the COVID-19 Pandemic.Lauren E. Bechard, Maximilian Bergelt, Bobby Neudorf, Tamara C. DeSouza & Laura E. Middleton - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    COVID-19 severity and mortality risk are greater for older adults whereas economic impact is deeper for younger adults. Using the Health Belief Model as a framework, this study used a web-based survey to examine how perceived COVID-19 susceptibility and severity and perceived efficacy of recommended health behaviors varied by age group and were related to the adoption of health behaviors. Proportional odds logistic regression was used to examine the relationship between age group and perceived COVID-19 susceptibility, severity, impact, and health (...)
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  68. Phrasal Learning Is a Horse Apiece: No Recognition Memory Advantages for Idioms in L1 and L2 Adult Learners.Sara D. Beck & Andrea Weber - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Native and to some extent non-native speakers have shown processing advantages for idioms compared to novel literal phrases, and there is limited evidence that this advantage also extends to memory in L1 children. This study investigated whether these advantages generalize to recognition memory in adults. It employed a learning paradigm to test whether there is a recognition memory advantage for idioms compared to literal phrases in adult L1 and L2 learners considering both form and meaning recognition. Additionally, we asked whether (...)
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  69. Evolution of the Conceptualization of Filial Piety in the Global Context: From Skin to Skeleton.Olwen Bedford & Kuang-Hui Yeh - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Social science researchers often define filial piety as a set of norms, values, and practices regarding how children should behave toward their parents. In this article, we trace the conceptual development of filial piety research in Chinese and other societies to highlight the assumptions underlying this traditional approach to filial piety research. We identify the limitations of these assumptions, including the problem of an evolving definition and lack of cross-cultural applicability. We then advocate an alternative framework that overcomes these limitations (...)
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  70.  1
    Why Are No Animal Communication Systems Simple Languages?Michael D. Beecher - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Individuals of some animal species have been taught simple versions of human language despite their natural communication systems failing to rise to the level of a simple language. How is it, then, that some animals can master a version of language, yet none of them deploy this capacity in their own communication system? I first examine the key design features that are often used to evaluate language-like properties of natural animal communication systems. I then consider one candidate animal system, bird (...)
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  71.  1
    The Good Manager: Development and Validation of the Managerial Interpersonal Skills Scale.Gerard Beenen, Shaun Pichler, Beth Livingston & Ron Riggio - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    It is no secret that employees leave their organizations because of bad managers- but what about the good ones? How can researchers and organizations differentiate individuals in terms of the interpersonal skills needed to perform well in the managerial role? Although these are fundamentally important questions to organizational psychologists, there exists no conceptual model, definition, or measure of interpersonal skills specific to the managerial role. We address these questions and research gaps by developing a conceptual model and validating a concomitant (...)
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  72.  1
    Making America Great Again? National Nostalgia's Effect on Outgroup Perceptions.Anna Maria C. Behler, Athena Cairo, Jeffrey D. Green & Calvin Hall - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Nostalgia is a fond longing for the past that has been shown to increase feelings of meaning, social connectedness, and self-continuity. Although nostalgia for personal memories provides intra- and interpersonal benefits, there may be negative consequences of group-based nostalgia on the perception and acceptance of others. The presented research examined national nostalgia, and its effects on group identification and political attitudes in the United States. In a sample of US voters, tendencies to feel personal and national nostalgia are associated with (...)
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  73.  2
    Aesthetic Judgments of Live and Recorded Music: Effects of Congruence Between Musical Artist and Piece.Amy M. Belfi, David W. Samson, Jonathan Crane & Nicholas L. Schmidt - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    The COVID-19 pandemic has brought the live music industry to an abrupt halt; subsequently, musicians are looking for ways to replicate the live concert experience virtually. The present study sought to investigate differences in aesthetic judgments of a live concert vs. a recorded concert, and whether these responses vary based on congruence between musical artist and piece. Participants made continuous ratings of their felt pleasure either during a live concert or while viewing an audiovisual recorded version of the same joint (...)
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  74. Improving Serious Games to Tackle Childhood Obesity.Maroua Belghali, Yauhen Statsenko & Abdulsalam Al-Za’abi - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Childhood obesity has become a global public health issue. Today, there are opportunities to promote health through technological devices such as serious games. Despite the major advancement of this field of research, the use of serious games as a validated intervention in clinical practice requires further clarifications on some methodological aspects. In this perspective article, we report the pros and cons of existing serious games. Besides, we attempt to propose a new methodology of design of a serious game that could (...)
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  75.  1
    How Infant and Toddlers’ Media Use Is Related to Sleeping Habits in Everyday Life in Italy.Francesca Bellagamba, Fabio Presaghi, Martina Di Marco, Emilia D’Abundo, Olivia Blanchfield & Rachel Barr - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    BackgroundHeavy media use has been linked to sleep problems in children, which may also extend to the infancy period. While international parent-advisory agencies, such as the American Academy of Pediatrics, advise no screen time before 18 months, parents often do not follow this recommendation. Research on Italian infants’ early access to media is sparse, and only very few studies have investigated links with sleeping habits.MethodTo address this gap, we examined concurrent associations between parent-reported surveys of child technology use and sleeping (...)
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  76.  1
    Cognitive Control and Bilingualism: The Bilingual Advantage Through the Lens of Dimensional Overlap.Melodie Bellegarda & Pedro Macizo - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Past research shows that the bilingual experience may enhance cognitive executive function. In this experiment, we evaluated cognitive control in bilinguals relative to monolinguals by using a dimensional overlap model to predict performance in a task composed of Stroop and Simon stimuli. A group of 24 Spanish monolinguals and 24 bilinguals with differing first languages and all having Spanish as a second language did a picture naming task and a task composed of Stroop and Simon stimuli, where the effect of (...)
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  77. The Effect of Psychology Objective Structured Clinical Examination Scenarios Presentation Order on Students Autonomic Stress Response.Alberto Bellido-Esteban, Ana Isabel Beltrán-Velasco, Pablo Ruisoto-Palomera, Pantelis T. Nikolaidis, Beat Knechtle & Vicente Javier Clemente-Suárez - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    The objective structured clinical examination is a method for assessment clinical competencies and skills. However, there is a need to improve its design in psychology programs. The aim of this study was to analyze the effect of the different scenario's presentation order with different complexity/difficulty on the autonomic stress response of undergraduate students undergoing a Psychology OSCE. A total of 32 students of Psychology Bachelor's Degree were randomly selected and assigned to two OSCE scenarios of different complexity. While undergoing the (...)
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  78.  7
    Editorial: Neurophysiology of Silence: Neuroscientific, Psychological, Educational and Contemplative Perspectives.Tal Dotan Ben-Soussan, Narayanan Srinivasan, Joseph Glicksohn, Jean-Yves Beziau, Filippo Carducci & Aviva Berkovich-Ohana - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
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  79. Adrenocortical Activity and Aggressive Behavior in Children: A Longitudinal Study on Risk and Protective Effects.Doris Bender & Friedrich Lösel - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Most research on aggression and delinquency concentrates on risk factors. There has been less attention for protective factors and mechanisms, in particular with regard to biosocial influences. Based on theories of autonomous arousal and stress reactance the present study addresses the influence of adrenocortical activity as a risk and/or protective factor in the development of antisocial behavior in children. We also investigated relations to anxiousness and family stressors. In a prospective longitudinal study of 150 German boys, the first measurement took (...)
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  80.  10
    Editorial: The Biology of Language Under a Minimalist Lens: Promises, Achievements, and Limits.Antonio Benítez-Burraco, Koji Fujita, Koji Hoshi & Ljiljana Progovac - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
  81. Corrigendum: Beyond Stereotypes: Analyzing Gender and Cultural Differences in Nonverbal Rapport.Gary Bente, Eric Novotny, Daniel Roth & Ahmad Al-Issa - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
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  82.  1
    Cognitive and Motor Learning in Internally-Guided Motor Skills.Krishn Bera, Anuj Shukla & Raju S. Bapi - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Several canonical experimental paradigms have been proposed to study the typical behavioral phenomenon and the nature of learning in sequential keypress tasks. A characteristic feature of most paradigms is that they are representative of externally-specified sequencing—motor tasks where the environment or task paradigm extrinsically provides the sequence of stimuli, i.e., the responses are stimulus-driven. Previous studies utilizing such canonical paradigms have largely overlooked the learning behaviors in a more realistic class of motor tasks that involve internally-guided sequencing—where the sequence of (...)
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  83. Implementation of a Humanoid Robot as an Innovative Approach to Child Life Interventions in a Children’s Hospital: Lofty Goal or Tangible Reality?Tanya N. Beran, Jacqueline Reynolds Pearson & Bonnie Lashewicz - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    IntroductionThis study reports the findings on how Child life specialists implemented an innovative approach to providing therapeutic support to pediatric patients.MethodsPart of a larger study that uncovered themes about CLSs’ experiences while working with MEDi®, this study reports the reflections that CLSs have about the process of implementation. Seven CLSs participated in semi-structured interviews. Content analysis was conducted on interview data and three themes were generated.ResultsThe first was in regards to the adoption process whereby CLS challenges, successes, and surprises were (...)
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  84.  5
    Different Dimensions of Affective Processing in Patients With Irritable Bowel Syndrome: A Multi-Center Cross-Sectional Study.Sabrina Berens, Rainer Schaefert, Johannes C. Ehrenthal, David Baumeister, Wolfgang Eich & Jonas Tesarz - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Objective: Deficits in affective processing are associated with impairments in both mental and physical health. The role of affective processing in patients with functional somatic complaints such as irritable bowel syndrome remains unclear. Most studies have focused on the capacity for emotional awareness and expression, but neglect other dimensions of affective processing. Therefore, this study aimed to systematically analyze differences in six different dimensions of affective processing between patients with IBS and healthy controls. Additionally, we exploratively investigated the impact of (...)
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  85. Why Only Efficiency, and Not Efficacy, Matters in Psychotherapy Practice.Henrik Berg - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Evidence-based practice in psychology consists of two quality parameters. One of these quality parameters is efficacy and the other is efficiency. In this article, it is argued that the only relevant parameter for determining quality in clinical care is efficiency. Moreover, emphasising efficacy in psychotherapy practice is symptomatic of a scientocentric ideal in evidence-based practice in psychology. The proper understanding and use of scientific findings entail leaving this scientocentric ideal. In addition, it is crucial that efficiency is related to the (...)
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  86. The Moderating Role of the Hostile-World Scenario in the Connections Between COVID-19 Worries, Loneliness, and Anxiety.Yoav S. Bergman, Amit Shrira, Yuval Palgi & Dov Shmotkin - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    The COVID-19 pandemic has had pronounced effects on individuals' psychological well-being around the world. Concerns regarding the consequences of infection, as well as the general uncertainty and governmental regulations have resulted in increased psychological distress among many populations and cultures. In this regard, research has shown that the manner by which individuals perceive such large-scale threats and appraise them significantly contributes to the psychological consequences of such events. According to the Hostile-World Scenario model, negative engagement with such threats weakens one's (...)
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  87.  2
    Development and Validation of the Readiness for End-of-Life Conversations (REOLC) Scale.Pia Berlin, Nico Leppin, Katharina Nagelschmidt, Carola Seifart, Winfried Rief & Pia von Blanckenburg - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Background: Engaging in end-of-life care considerations is beneficial when the time is right. The purpose of this study is to provide a valid instrument to assess peoples readiness for end-of-life conversations before they are initiated.Materials and Methods: A community sample was recruited in study one for exploratory factor analysis of a 13-item questionnaire. In study two, psychometric properties were analyzed with structural equation modeling in a population affected by cancer. Convergent and discriminant validity were assessed with questionnaires measuring distress, depression, (...)
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  88.  1
    How the Language of Instruction Influences Mathematical Thinking Development in the First Years of Bilingual Schoolers.Vicente Bermejo, Pilar Ester & Isabel Morales - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    The present research study focuses on how the language of instruction has an impact on the mathematical thinking development as a consequence of using a language of instruction different from the students’ mother tongue. In CLIL academic content and a foreign language are leant at the same time, a methodology that is widely used in the schools in the present times. It is, therefore, our main aim to study if the language of instruction in second language immersion programs influences the (...)
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  89.  3
    Individual Differences Facing the COVID-19 Pandemic: The Role of Age, Gender, Personality, and Positive Psychology.Gloria Bernabe-Valero, David Melero-Fuentes, Irani I. De Lima Argimon & Maria Gerbino - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Research on individual differences in facing the COVID-19 pandemic seems to be crucial in order to design diverse and highly effective intervention strategies. This study uses a sample of 302 North American participants who were recruited through the crowdsourcing platform ProA; different profiles were established, profiling variables of interest in facing the COVID-19 outbreak. Socio-demographic and psychological variables were explored. These results are of interest if we want to deepen the study of individual differences at both a theoretical and applied (...)
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  90. The Relationship of Reading Abilities With the Underlying Cognitive Skills of Math: A Dimensional Approach.Luca Bernabini, Paola Bonifacci & Peter F. de Jong - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Math and reading are related, and math problems are often accompanied by problems in reading. In the present study, we used a dimensional approach and we aimed to assess the relationship of reading and math with the cognitive skills assumed to underlie the development of math. The sample included 97 children from 4th and 5th grades of a primary school. Children were administered measures of reading and math, non-verbal IQ, and various underlying cognitive abilities of math. We also included measures (...)
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  91. The Measurement of Individual Differences in Cognitive Biases: A Review and Improvement.Vincent Berthet - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Individual differences have been neglected in decision-making research on heuristics and cognitive biases. Addressing that issue requires having reliable measures. The author first reviewed the research on the measurement of individual differences in cognitive biases. While reliable measures of a dozen biases are currently available, our review revealed that some measures require improvement and measures of other key biases are still lacking. We then conducted empirical work showing that adjustments produced a significant improvement of some measures and that confirmation bias (...)
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  92. Does Loudness Relate to the Strength of the Sound Produced by the Source or Received by the Ears? A Review of How Focus Affects Loudness.Gauthier Berthomieu, Vincent Koehl & Mathieu Paquier - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Loudness is the magnitude of the auditory sensation that a listener experiences when exposed to a sound. Several sound attributes are reported to affect loudness, such as the sound pressure level at the listener's ears and the spectral content. In addition to these physical attributes of the stimulus, some subjective attributes also appear to affect loudness. When presented with a sound, a listener interacts with an auditory object and can focus on several aspects of the latter. Loudness appears to differ (...)
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  93. Student Self-Efficacy and Aptitude to Participate in Relation to Perceived Functioning and Achievement in Students in Secondary School With and Without Disabilities.Karin Bertills, Mats Granlund & Lilly Augustine - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    School-based Physical Education is important, especially to students with disabilities whose participation in physical activities out of school is limited. The development over time of participation-related constructs in relation to students’ perceived functioning and achievement is explored. Students in mainstream inclusive secondary school self-rated their PE-specific self-efficacy, general school self-efficacy, aptitude to participate in PE, and perceived physical and socio-cognitive functional skills at two timepoints, year 7 and year 9. Results were compared between three groups of students with: disabilities, high (...)
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  94. How Does a Sport Psychological Intervention Help Professional Cyclists to Cope With Their Mental Health During the COVID-19 Lockdown?Maurizio Bertollo, Fabio Forzini, Sara Biondi, Massimiliano Di Liborio, Maria Grazia Vaccaro, Emmanouil Georgiadis & Cristiana Conti - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    All around the world in March, due to COVID-19, competitive sport calendars were suddenly canceled, jeopardizing the training programs of athletes. Moreover, in Italy, the government banned all non-essential travel across the entire country from the beginning of March. Consequently, Italian cyclists were banned from leaving their homes and therefore unable to perform their ordinary training activities. The Italian Association of Professional Cyclists early on during that period noticed that several cyclists were experiencing a worrying decrease in their mental well-being (...)
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  95. Going Green, but Staying in the Black: How Framing Impacts the Agreement With Messages on the Economic Consequences of Environmental Policies.Mauro Bertolotti & Patrizia Catellani - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Past research suggests that although citizens are generally favorable to pro-environmental policies, their negative economic impact can be a relevant source of concern. In two studies, we investigated the agreement with messages highlighting the positive vs. negative economic impact of a pro-environmental policy, as a function of the framing of the policy itself in terms of local relevance and environmental impact. In Study 1, participants were citizens of different Italian regions. Results showed that reference to the local relevance of the (...)
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  96.  1
    Perceived Self-Control Effort, Subjective Vitality, and General Affect in an Associative Structure.Alex Bertrams - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    A crucial assumption of the recently developed schema model of self-control is that people’s perceived self-control efforts are related to the experience of lowered subjective vitality. In the present study, this assumption was tested. It was also examined whether perceived self-control effort is related to a diffuse affective experience or is discretely related to subjective vitality, general positive affect, and general negative affect. Based on the previous literature, it was expected that the latter would better fit the data. In a (...)
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  97. The Cognitive Association Between Effortful Self-Control and Decreased Vitality.Alex Bertrams - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    According to the schema model of self-control, individuals’ self-control efforts activate the fatigue/decreased vitality schema. A precondition for this schema activation is that the cognitive concepts of self-control effort and decreased vitality are associated in individuals’ minds. In the present two studies, the existence of such a cognitive association was tested. In Study 1, 133 school students from Switzerland read two similar stories in a random order. In one story, a fictitious individual engaged in effortful self-control, while in the other (...)
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  98. Disability as an Interpersonal Experience: A Systematic Review on Dyadic Challenges and Dyadic Coping When One Partner Has a Chronic Physical or Sensory Impairment.Isabella C. Bertschi, Fabienne Meier & Guy Bodenmann - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Chronically disabling health impairments affect an increasing number of people worldwide. In close relationships, disability is an interpersonal experience. Psychological distress is thus common in patients as well as their spouses. Dyadic coping can alleviate stress and promote adjustment in couples who face disabling health impairments. Much research has focused on dyadic coping with cancer. However, other health problems such as physical and sensory impairments are also common and may strongly impact couple relationships. In order to promote couples' optimal adjustment (...)
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  99. The Strengths and Barriers Recovery Scale (SABRS): Relationships Matter in Building Strengths and Overcoming Barriers.David Best, Arun Sondhi, Lorna Brown, Mulka Nisic, Gera E. Nagelhout, Thomas Martinelli, Dike van de Mheen & Wouter Vanderplasschen - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    There is a well-established relationship between isolation and both morbidity and mortality in the context of addiction recovery, yet the protective effects of intimate and familial relationships have not been adequately assessed. The current paper uses the European Life In Recovery database to assess the association between relationship status and living with dependent children on recovery capital of people in recovery from drug addiction, operationalised by the Strengths And Barriers Recovery Scale. The study participants were drawn from the REC-PATH study (...)
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  100.  3
    Reach-to-Grasp: A Multisensory Experience.Sonia Betti, Umberto Castiello & Chiara Begliomini - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    The reach-to-grasp movement is ordinarily performed in everyday living activities and it represents a key behavior that allows humans to interact with their environment. Remarkably, it serves as an experimental test case for probing the multisensory architecture of goal-oriented actions. This review focuses on experimental evidence that enhances or modifies how we might conceptualize the “multisensory” substrates of prehension. We will review evidence suggesting that how reach-to-grasp movements are planned and executed is influenced by information coming from different sensory modalities (...)
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  101. Factors Associated With Mental Suffering in the Brazilian Population: A Multilevel Analysis.Héllyda de Souza Bezerra, Roberta Machado Alves, Talita Araujo de Souza, Arthur de Almeida Medeiros & Isabelle Ribeiro Barbosa - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Purpose: To analyze how individual characteristics and the social context are associated with mental distress symptoms in the Brazilian population.Method: A multilevel cross-sectional study with data from the 2013 National Health Survey. There were two dependent variables: decreased vital energy and somatic symptoms, the presence of depressive thoughts. The independent variables were biological characteristics, education and income, habits and lifestyle, and context variables. Bivariate analysis was performed, and Prevalence Ratios calculated in a Poisson Regression. A multilevel Poisson Regression was performed (...)
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  102. How Packaging of Information in Conversation Is Impacted by Communication Medium and Restrictions.Sarah A. Bibyk, Leslie M. Blaha & Christopher W. Myers - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    In team-based tasks, successful communication and mutual understanding are essential to facilitate team coordination and performance. It is well-established that an important component of human conversation is the maintenance of common ground. Maintaining common ground has a number of associated processes in which conversational participants engage. Many of these processes are lacking in current synthetic teammates, and it is unknown to what extent this lack of capabilities affects their ability to contribute during team-based tasks. We focused our research on how (...)
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  103.  2
    Paternal Postpartum Bonding and Its Predictors in the Early Postpartum Period: Cross-Sectional Study in a Polish Cohort.Łucja Bieleninik, Karolina Lutkiewicz, Paweł Jurek & Mariola Bidzan - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Introduction: Parental postpartum bonding has been studied by many researchers focusing on maternal bonding. The objective of this study was to examine the psychological and socio-demographic predictors of paternal postpartum bonding in the early postpartum period.Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 131 couples of newborns from full-term pregnancies were recruited from November 2019 until March 2020. The primary outcome was paternal postpartum bonding as measured by the Postpartum Bonding Questionnaire. Secondary outcomes included: maternal and paternal anxiety [with the Generalized Anxiety Disorder (...)
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  104. The Neglected C of Intercultural Relations. Cross-Cultural Adaptation Shapes Sojourner Representations of Locals.Kinga Bierwiaczonek, Sven Waldzus & Karen van der Zee - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    We investigated, by means of the Reverse Correlation Task, visual representations of the culturally dominating group of local people held by sojourners as a function of their degree of cross-cultural adaptation. In three studies, using three different methods with three independent samples of sojourners and seven independent samples of Portuguese and US-American raters, we gathered clear evidence that poor adaptation goes along with more negative representations of locals. This indicates that sojourner adaptation is reflected, at a social-cognitive level, in the (...)
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  105. Higher-Order Musical Temporal Structure in Bird Song.Hans T. Bilger, Emily Vertosick, Andrew Vickers, Konrad Kaczmarek & Richard O. Prum - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Bird songs often display musical acoustic features such as tonal pitch selection, rhythmicity, and melodic contouring. We investigated higher-order musical temporal structure in bird song using an experimental method called “music scrambling” with human subjects. Recorded songs from a phylogenetically diverse group of 20 avian taxa were split into constituent elements and recombined in original and random order. Human subjects were asked to evaluate which version sounded more “musical” on a per-species basis. Species identity and stimulus treatment were concealed from (...)
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  106.  6
    Hindu Response to Dying and Death in the Time of COVID-19.Purushottama Bilimoria - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    We wake each morning to news on the glaring statistics of people infected by COVID-19 and others reportedly dying from complications thereto; the numbers are not receding in at least a number of countries across the world. It is hard to imagine a moment such as this that most of us have lived through in our life-time; but it is a reality and public challenge that we can neither ignore nor look away from. In what follows I will explore perspectives (...)
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  107. Being the Facilitator: A Brief Research Report on the Motivation of the Choreographer and Dance Maker to Work With Heterogeneous Groups in a Community Dance Setting.Mia Sophia Bilitza - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    In inclusive dance settings, where people with different abilities and talents come together, the role of facilitators is essential in guiding the process of inclusion. Their behavior gives sensitive information to the individual about one’s status within the own-group affiliation. Even today, very little research on the motivation for facilitating inclusivity in dance contexts exists. This case study will examine the facilitator’s motivation by juxtaposing current theory next to experiences of seven experts of contemporary dance facilitation in Europe. Good opportunities (...)
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  108. Changes and Adaptations: How University Students Self-Regulate Their Online Learning During the COVID-19 Pandemic.Felicitas Biwer, Wisnu Wiradhany, Mirjam Oude Egbrink, Harm Hospers, Stella Wasenitz, Walter Jansen & Anique de Bruin - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    During the COVID-19 pandemic, universities had to shift from face-to-face to emergency remote education. Students were forced to study online, with limited access to facilities and less contact with peers and teachers, while at the same time being exposed to more autonomy. This study examined how students adapted to emergency remote learning, specifically focusing on students’ resource-management strategies using an individual differences approach. One thousand eight hundred university students completed a questionnaire on their resource-management strategies and indicators of successful adaptation (...)
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  109.  1
    Insomnia – A Heterogenic Disorder Often Comorbid With Psychological and Somatic Disorders and Diseases: A Narrative Review With Focus on Diagnostic and Treatment Challenges.Bjørn Bjorvatn, Susanna Jernelöv & Ståle Pallesen - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Patients with insomnia complain of problems with sleep onset or sleep maintenance or early morning awakenings, or a combination of these, despite adequate opportunity and circumstances for sleep. In addition, to fulfill the diagnostic criteria for insomnia the complaints need to be associated with negative daytime consequences. For chronic insomnia, the symptoms are required to be present at least 3 days per week for a duration of at least 3 months. Lastly, for insomnia to be defined as a disorder, the (...)
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  110. Cultural Differences in Face Recognition and Potential Underlying Mechanisms.Caroline Blais, Karina J. Linnell, Serge Caparos & Amanda Estéphan - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    The ability to recognize a face is crucial for the success of social interactions. Understanding the visual processes underlying this ability has been the focus of a long tradition of research. Recent advances in the field have revealed that individuals having different cultural backgrounds differ in the type of visual information they use for face processing. However, the mechanisms that underpin these differences remain unknown. Here, we revisit recent findings highlighting group differences in face processing. Then, we integrate these results (...)
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  111. Real-Time Sound and Motion Feedback for Violin Bow Technique Learning: A Controlled, Randomized Trial.Angel David Blanco, Simone Tassani & Rafael Ramirez - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    The production of good sound generation in the violin is a complex task that requires coordination and spatiotemporal control of bowing gestures. The use of motion-capture technologies to improve performance or reduce injury risks in the area of kinesiology is becoming widespread. The combination of motion accuracy and sound quality feedback has the potential of becoming an important aid in violin learning. In this study, we evaluate motion-capture and sound-quality analysis technologies developed inside the context of the TELMI, a technology-enhanced (...)
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  112. Ecologies of Repair: A Post-Human Approach to Other-Than-Human Natures.Gustavo Blanco-Wells - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    This conceptual paper explores the theoretical possibilities of posthumanism and presents ecologies of repair as a heuristic device to explore the association modes of different entities, which, when confronted with the effects of human-induced destructive events, seek to repair the damage and transform the conditions of coexistence of various life forms. The central idea is that severe socio-environmental crisis caused by an intensification of industrial activity are conducive to observing new sociomaterial configurations and affective dispositions that, through the reorganization of (...)
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  113. The Interplay Between Absolute Language and Moral Reasoning on Endorsement of Moral Foundations.Kevin L. Blankenship, Traci Y. Craig & Marielle G. Machacek - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Morality – the subjective sense that humans discern between right and wrong – plays a ubiquitous role in everyday life. Deontological reasoning conceptualizes moral decision-making as rigid, such that many moral choices are forbidden or required. Not surprisingly, the language used in measures of deontological reasoning tends to be rigid, including phrases such as “always” and “never.” Two studies drawn from two different populations used commonly used measures of moral reasoning and measures of morality to examine the link between individual (...)
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  114.  1
    Dance Is More Than Meets the Eye—How Can Dance Performance Be Made Accessible for a Non-Sighted Audience?Bettina Bläsing & Esther Zimmermann - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Dance is regarded as visual art form by common arts and science perspectives. Definitions of dance as means of communication agree that its message is conveyed by the dancer/choreographer via the human body for the observer, leaving no doubt that dance is performed to be watched. Brain activation elicited by the visual perception of dance has also become a topic of interest in cognitive neuroscience, with regards to action observation in the context of learning, expertise and aesthetics. The view that (...)
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  115. Affective Ratings of Pictures Related to Interpersonal Situations.Wivine Blekić, Kendra Kandana Arachchige, Erika Wauthia, Isabelle Simoes Loureiro, Laurent Lefebvre & Mandy Rossignol - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Many studies require standardized and replicable protocols composed of emotional stimuli. To this aim, several databases of emotional pictures are available. However, there are only few images directly depicting interpersonal violence, which is a specific emotion evocative stimulus for research on aggressive behavior or post-traumatic stress disorder. The objective of the current study is to provide a new set of standardized stimuli containing images depicting interpersonal situations. This will allow a sensitive assessment of a wide range of cognitions linked to (...)
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  116. Teenagers Tell Better Stories After Improvisational Theater Courses.Manon Blonde, Frédérique Mortelier, Béatrice Bourdin & Mathieu Hainselin - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Improvisational theater is a booming theatrical practice, applying in many fields. Its effects on cognitive and behavioral processes are beginning to be demonstrated, despite scientific publications that are still rare, particularly about language. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of improv on adolescent narrative skills. Twenty-seven middle school students were recruited and divided into two groups: an IMPRO group, composed of novice and intermediate improvisers, and a CONTROL group, composed of middle school students doing theater. The evaluation took place (...)
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  117.  2
    Sleep and its Association With Pain and Depression in Nursing Home Patients With Advanced Dementia – a Cross-Sectional Study.Kjersti Marie Blytt, Elisabeth Flo-Groeneboom, Ane Erdal, Bjørn Bjorvatn & Bettina S. Husebo - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Objective: Previous research suggests a positive association between pain, depression and sleep. In this study, we investigate how sleep correlates with varying levels of pain and depression in nursing home patients with dementia.Materials and methods: Cross-sectional study with sleep-related data, derived from two multicenter studies conducted in Norway. We included NH patients with dementia according to the Mini-Mental State Examination from the COSMOS trial and the DEP.PAIN.DEM trial whose sleep was objectively measured with actigraphy. In the COSMOS trial, NH patients (...)
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  118.  2
    Training in Rhythmic Gymnastics During the Pandemic.Marta Bobo-Arce, Elena Sierra-Palmeiro, María A. Fernández-Villarino & Hardy Fink - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    The pandemic caused by the COVID 19 Virus creates an unprecedented situation of global confinement altering the development of competition and sports training at all levels of participation and in all sports, including rhythmic gymnastics. To avoid possible effects of physical, technical and psychological detraining, coaches looked for home training alternatives. The objectives of the study were to know how rhythmic gymnastics training developed during the lockdown period and to provide recommendations for a possible future lockdown. Three hundred and two (...)
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  119. Negative Affectivity, Authoritarianism, and Anxiety of Infection Explain Early Maladjusted Behavior During the COVID-19 Outbreak.Vincenzo Bochicchio, Adam Winsler, Stefano Pagliaro, Maria Giuseppina Pacilli, Pasquale Dolce & Cristiano Scandurra - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    During the first phase of the COVID-19 outbreak, Italy experienced problems of public order and maladjusted behavior. This study assessed the role of negative affectivity, right-wing authoritarianism, and anxiety of COVID-19 infection in explaining a variety of the maladjusted behaviors observed with an Italian sample. Specifically, we examined the effect of Negative Affectivity and Right-Wing Authoritarianism on maladjusted behaviors, and the moderating role of anxiety of infection. Seven hundred and fifty-seven Italian participants completed an online survey between March 3rd to (...)
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  120.  2
    Proximate and Ultimate Perspectives on Romantic Love.Adam Bode & Geoff Kushnick - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Romantic love is a phenomenon of immense interest to the general public as well as to scholars in several disciplines. It is known to be present in almost all human societies and has been studied from a number of perspectives. In this integrative review, we bring together what is known about romantic love using Tinbergen’s “four questions” framework originating from evolutionary biology. Under the first question, related to mechanisms, we show that it is caused by social, psychological mate choice, genetic, (...)
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  121.  2
    All for One and One for All? – Examining Convergent Validity and Responsiveness of the German Versions of the Tinnitus Questionnaire (TQ), Tinnitus Handicap Inventory (THI), and Tinnitus Functional Index.Benjamin Boecking, Petra Brueggemann, Tobias Kleinjung & Birgit Mazurek - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    BackgroundMeasurement of tinnitus-related distress and treatment responsiveness is key in understanding, conceptualizing and addressing this often-disabling symptom. Whilst several self-report measures exist, the heterogeneity of patient populations, available translations, and treatment contexts requires ongoing psychometric replication and validation efforts.ObjectiveTo investigate the convergent validity and responsiveness of the German versions of the Tinnitus Questionnaire [TQ], Tinnitus Handicap Inventory [THI], and Tinnitus Functional Index [TFI] in a large German-speaking sample of patients with chronic tinnitus who completed a psychologically anchored 7-day Intensive Multimodal (...)
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  122. Using Virtual Reality to Assess and Promote Transfer of Memory Training in Older Adults With Memory Complaints: A Randomized Controlled Trial.Benjamin Boller, Émilie Ouellet & Sylvie Belleville - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    In this proof-of-concept study, we assessed the potential for immersive virtual reality to measure transfer following strategic memory training, and whether efficacy and transfer are increased when training is complemented by practice in an immersive virtual environment. Forty older adults with subjective memory complaints were trained with the method of loci. They were randomized to either a condition where they practiced the strategy in VR or a control condition where they were familiarized with VR using a non-memory task. Training efficacy (...)
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  123. Italian Food? Sounds Good! Made in Italy and Italian Sounding Effects on Food Products' Assessment by Consumers.Flavia Bonaiuto, Stefano De Dominicis, Uberta Ganucci Cancellieri, William D. Crano, Jianhong Ma & Marino Bonaiuto - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Italian Sounding—i. e., the Italian appearance of a product or service brand irrespective of its country of origin—represents a global market phenomenon affecting a wide range of economic sectors, particularly the agro-food sector. Although its economic impact has been repeatedly stressed from different points of view, systematic scientific knowledge regarding its social–psychological bases is lacking. Three studies carried out in three different countries address this literature gap. Different consumer groups are targeted regarding major product categories pre-selected categories, which are the (...)
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  124.  3
    MAGNITIVE: Effectiveness and Feasibility of a Cognitive Training Program Through Magic Tricks for Children With Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorder. A Second Clinical Trial in Community Settings.Saray Bonete, Ángela Osuna, Clara Molinero & Inmaculada García-Font - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Previous studies have explored the impact of magic tricks on different basic cognitive processes yet there is a need of examining effectiveness of a cognitive training program through magic tricks for children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. The present study examines the effectiveness and feasibility of the MAGNITIVE program, a manualized intervention for cognitive training through the learning of magic tricks. A total of 11 children with ADHD participated in separated groups of two different community settings, and were assessed at (...)
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  125.  2
    Report Quality of Generalized Linear Mixed Models in Psychology: A Systematic Review.Roser Bono, Rafael Alarcón & María J. Blanca - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Generalized linear mixed models estimate fixed and random effects and are especially useful when the dependent variable is binary, ordinal, count or quantitative but not normally distributed. They are also useful when the dependent variable involves repeated measures, since GLMMs can model autocorrelation. This study aimed to determine how and how often GLMMs are used in psychology and to summarize how the information about them is presented in published articles. Our focus in this respect was mainly on frequentist models. In (...)
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  126. The Relations Among Types of Parentification, School Achievement, and Quality of Life in Early Adolescence: An Exploratory Study.Judyta Borchet, Aleksandra Lewandowska-Walter, Piotr Połomski, Aleksandra Peplińska & Lisa M. Hooper - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Children who experience parentification may have trouble performing developmental tasks due to being overwhelmed by their family caregiving roles and responsibilities. Past studies have found that parentification is negatively associated with academic achievement. However, most of these studies are limited in that they are retrospective and examine the association but not the mechanisms shaping them. The aim of the study was to explore to what extent diverse types of parentification relate to academic achievement and to what extent these relations are (...)
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  127. Word and Mystery: The Acoustics of Cultural Transmission During the Protestant Reformation.Braxton Boren - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    To a first-order approximation we can place most worship services on a continuum between clarity and mystery, depending on the setting and content of the service. This liturgical space can be thought of as a combination of the physical acoustics of the worship space and the qualities of the sound created during the worship service. A very clear acoustic channel emphasizes semantic content, especially speech intelligibility. An immersive, reverberant acoustic emphasizes mystery and music. One of the chief challenges in acoustical (...)
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  128.  1
    Quantitative and Qualitative Approaches to Generalization and Replication–A Representationalist View.Matthias Borgstede & Marcel Scholz - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    In this paper, we provide a re-interpretation of qualitative and quantitative modeling from a representationalist perspective. In this view, both approaches attempt to construct abstract representations of empirical relational structures. Whereas quantitative research uses variable-based models that abstract from individual cases, qualitative research favors case-based models that abstract from individual characteristics. Variable-based models are usually stated in the form of quantified sentences. This syntactic structure implies that sentences about individual cases are derived using deductive reasoning. In contrast, case-based models are (...)
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  129.  1
    Effects of High-Intensity Interval Training and Moderate-Intensity Training on Stress, Depression, Anxiety, and Resilience in Healthy Adults During Coronavirus Disease 2019 Confinement: A Randomized Controlled Trial.Yolanda Borrega-Mouquinho, Jesús Sánchez-Gómez, Juan Pedro Fuentes-García, Daniel Collado-Mateo & Santos Villafaina - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Objective: This study aimed to compare the effects of two intervention programs, high-intensity interval training and moderate-intensity training, on anxiety, depression, stress, and resilience during the confinement caused by the coronavirus disease 2019 in healthy adults.Methods: A total of 67 adults who participated were randomly assigned to two groups: HIIT and MIT groups. The MIT group had to perform a home-based intervention based on aerobic exercises, whereas the HIIT group had to perform a home-based intervention based on HIIT exercises. The (...)
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  130. Physical Activity, Boredom and Fear of COVID-19 Among Adolescents in Germany.Vincent Bösselmann, Sandra Amatriain-Fernández, Thomas Gronwald, Eric Murillo-Rodríguez, Sergio Machado & Henning Budde - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    BackgroundThe effectiveness of physical activity as an intervention against anxiety disorders and depression is undeniable in clinical psychology. Therefore, the question arose whether these effects also occur when a fear stimulus, like the COVID-19 pandemic, affects otherwise healthy adolescents. Boredom is closely linked to symptoms of fear and anxiety, but the connection between PA, boredom and fear is partly unclear.MethodsA cross-sectional online study was conducted that involved 122 students. Participants were 13–19 years old. The survey was available online from April (...)
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  131. Modulation of Response Times During Processing of Emotional Body Language.Alessandro Botta, Giovanna Lagravinese, Marco Bove, Alessio Avenanti & Laura Avanzino - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    The investigation of how humans perceive and respond to emotional signals conveyed by the human body has been for a long time secondary compared with the investigation of facial expressions and emotional scenes recognition. The aims of this behavioral study were to assess the ability to process emotional body postures and to test whether motor response is mainly driven by the emotional content of the picture or if it is influenced by motor resonance. Emotional body postures and scenes divided into (...)
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  132.  2
    Pervasive Undisclosed Conflicts of Interest in Applied Behavior Analysis Autism Literature.Kristen Bottema-Beutel & Shannon Crowley - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Many autistic people are becoming increasingly involved in, and increasingly critical of, autism intervention research. They have expressed concerns regarding applied behavior analysis interventions on a number of grounds, one of which is the prevalence of conflicts of interests among autism intervention researchers. These concerns are now also being addressed by non-autistic researchers. COIs can introduce bias into the research process, and allow researchers to demonstrate positive effects for interventions that are not actually effective. Despite these concerns, there are no (...)
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  133.  3
    The Smart Aging Platform for Assessing Early Phases of Cognitive Impairment in Patients With Neurodegenerative Diseases.Sara Bottiroli, Sara Bernini, Elena Cavallini, Elena Sinforiani, Chiara Zucchella, Stefania Pazzi, Paolo Cristiani, Tomaso Vecchi, Daniela Tost, Giorgio Sandrini & Cristina Tassorelli - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Background: Smart Aging is a serious game platform that generates a 3D virtual reality environment in which users perform a set of screening tasks designed to allow evaluation of global cognition. Each task replicates activities of daily living performed in a familiar environment. The main goal of the present study was to ascertain whether Smart Aging could differentiate between different types and levels of cognitive impairment in patients with neurodegenerative disease.Methods: Ninety-one subjects —healthy older adults, patients with single-domain amnesic mild (...)
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  134. The Neurophysiological Processing of Music in Children: A Systematic Review With Narrative Synthesis and Considerations for Clinical Practice in Music Therapy.Janeen Bower, Wendy L. Magee, Cathy Catroppa & Felicity Anne Baker - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Introduction: Evidence supporting the use of music interventions to maximize arousal and awareness in adults presenting with a disorder of consciousness continues to grow. However, the brain of a child is not simply a small adult brain, and therefore adult theories are not directly translatable to the pediatric population. The present study aims to synthesize brain imaging data about the neural processing of music in children aged 0-18 years, to form a theoretical basis for music interventions with children presenting with (...)
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  135. High-Intensity Interval Exercise: Methodological Considerations for Behavior Promotion From an Affective Perspective.Allyson G. Box & Steven J. Petruzzello - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
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  136. Take a “Selfie”: Examining How Leaders Emerge From Leader Self-Awareness, Self-Leadership, and Self-Efficacy.Eva M. Bracht, Fong T. Keng-Highberger, Bruce J. Avolio & Yiming Huang - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    It is important to understand the processes behind how and why individuals emerge as leaders, so that the best and most capable individuals may occupy leadership positions. So far, most literature in this area has focused on individual characteristics, such as personality or cognitive ability. While interactions between individuals and context do get research attention, we still lack a comprehensive understanding of how the social context at work may help individuals to emerge as leaders. Such knowledge could make an important (...)
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  137.  3
    Breathing Biofeedback for Police Officers in a Stressful Virtual Environment: Challenges and Opportunities.Jan C. Brammer, Jacobien M. van Peer, Abele Michela, Marieke M. J. W. van Rooij, Robert Oostenveld, Floris Klumpers, Wendy Dorrestijn, Isabela Granic & Karin Roelofs - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    As part of the Dutch national science program “Professional Games for Professional Skills” we developed a stress-exposure biofeedback training in virtual reality for the Dutch police. We aim to reduce the acute negative impact of stress on performance, as well as long-term consequences for mental health by facilitating physiological stress regulation during a demanding decision task. Conventional biofeedback applications mainly train physiological regulation at rest. This might limit the transfer of the regulation skills to stressful situations. In contrast, we provide (...)
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  138. Affective Benefits of Nature Contact: The Role of Rumination.Gregory N. Bratman, Gerald Young, Ashish Mehta, Ihno Lee Babineaux, Gretchen C. Daily & James J. Gross - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Mounting evidence shows that nature contact is associated with affective benefits. However, the psychological mechanisms responsible for these effects are not well understood. In this study, we examined whether more time spent in nature was associated with higher levels of positive affect in general, and lower levels of negative affect and rumination in general. We also conducted a cross-sectional mediation analysis to examine whether rumination mediated the association of nature contact with affect. Participants reported their average time spent in nature (...)
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  139. Hope and Resilience During a Pandemic Among Three Cultural Groups in Israel: The Second Wave of Covid-19.Orna Braun-Lewensohn, Sarah Abu-Kaf & Tehila Kalagy - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    The aim of this study was to explore the coping resources of hope and sense of coherence, which are rooted in positive-psychology theory, as potential resilience factors that might reduce the emotional distress experienced by adults from three cultural groups in Israel during the chronic-stress situation of a pandemic. The three cultural groups examined were secular Jews, Ultra-Orthodox Jews, and Arabs. We compared these cultural groups during the second wave of the Covid-19 pandemic, just before the Jewish New Year as (...)
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  140. Intervention Program to Improve Grief-Related Symptoms in Caregivers of Patients Diagnosed With Dementia.Jorge Bravo-Benítez, Francisco Cruz-Quintana, Manuel Fernández-Alcántara & María Nieves Pérez-Marfil - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    The objectives of the present study were to adapt a grief intervention program to family caregivers of patients with dementia, and assess its effectiveness in improving the symptoms of grief and other health-related variables. The intervention was based on Shear and Bloom's grief intervention program, with the necessary adaptations for use in the grieving process for a family member's illness. A total of 52 family caregivers of individuals with dementia participated. They were evaluated using a battery of self-report measures assessing (...)
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  141. Preliminary Evaluation of the FETASS Training for Parents of Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder: A Pilot Study.Bettina Brehm, Judith Schill, Reinhold Rauh, Christian Fleischhaker & Monica Biscaldi - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    While several recent evaluation studies have shown the efficacy of parent training programs for children with neurodevelopmental disorders, manual-based training in German is still scarce. To address this gap, we developed a specific modularized training program for parents of children from preschool to pre-adolescent age with Autism Spectrum Disorder. The overarching purpose of the FETASS intervention is to enhance social communication behavior and quality of life of the child by coaching parents. As a proximal target, the FETASS training aims to (...)
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  142.  1
    ‘Puppy Dog Eyes’ Are Associated With Eye Movements, Not Communication.Annika Bremhorst, Daniel S. Mills, Lisa Stolzlechner, Hanno Würbel & Stefanie Riemer - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    The inner brow raiser is a muscle movement that increases the size of the orbital cavity, leading to the appearance of so-called ‘puppy dog eyes’. In domestic dogs, this expression was suggested to be enhanced by artificial selection and to play an important role in the dog-human relationship. Production of the inner brow raiser has been shown to be sensitive to the attentive stance of a human, suggesting a possible communicative function. However, it has not yet been examined whether it (...)
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  143. Using Modified Equipment in Field Hockey Leads to Positive Transfer of Learning Effect.Johanna E. A. Brocken, John van der Kamp, Matthieu Lenior & Geert J. P. Savelsbergh - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Cross-education is the phenomenon in which repeated practice of a unilateral motor task does not only result in performance improvement of the trained limb, but also in the untrained contralateral limb. The aim of this study was to test whether cross-education or positive transfer of learning is also achieved for tasks in which both limbs contribute in different ways by using modified equipment that switches the limbs’ role. To this end, a reverse field hockey stick was used that requires a (...)
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  144.  2
    Metacognitive Labeling of Contentious Claims: Facts, Opinions, and Conspiracy Theories.Robert Brotherton & Lisa K. Son - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Congenial information is often judged to be more valid than uncongenial information. The present research explores a related possibility concerning the process by which people label a claim as fundamentally factual or opinion. Rather than merely being more skeptical of uncongenial claims, uncongenial claims may be metacognitively categorized as more opinion than factual, while congenial claims may be more likely to be categorized as factual. The two studies reported here attempt to trace a preliminary outline of how claims are categorized (...)
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  145. Neurobehavioral Correlates of Surprisal in Language Comprehension: A Neurocomputational Model.Harm Brouwer, Francesca Delogu, Noortje J. Venhuizen & Matthew W. Crocker - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Expectation-based theories of language comprehension, in particular Surprisal Theory, go a long way in accounting for the behavioral correlates of word-by-word processing difficulty, such as reading times. An open question, however, is in which component of the Event-Related brain Potential signal Surprisal is reflected, and how these electrophysiological correlates relate to behavioral processing indices. Here, we address this question by instantiating an explicit neurocomputational model of incremental, word-by-word language comprehension that produces estimates of the N400 and the P600—the two most (...)
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  146.  1
    Tversky and Kahneman’s Cognitive Illusions: Who Can Solve Them, and Why?Georg Bruckmaier, Stefan Krauss, Karin Binder, Sven Hilbert & Martin Brunner - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    In the present paper we empirically investigate the psychometric properties of some of the most famous statistical and logical cognitive illusions from the “heuristics and biases” research program by Daniel Kahneman and Amos Tversky, who nearly 50 years ago introduced fascinating brain teasers such as the famous Linda problem, the Wason card selection task, and so-called Bayesian reasoning problems. In the meantime, a great number of articles has been published that empirically examine single cognitive illusions, theoretically explaining people’s faulty thinking, (...)
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  147. The Role of Blinks, Microsaccades and Their Retinal Consequences in Bistable Motion Perception.Mareike Brych, Supriya Murali & Barbara Händel - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Eye-related movements such as blinks and microsaccades are modulated during bistable perceptual tasks. However, if they play an active role during internal perceptual switches is not known. We conducted two experiments involving an ambiguous plaid stimulus, wherein participants were asked to continuously report their percept, which could consist of either unidirectional coherent or bidirectional component movement. Our main results show that blinks and microsaccades did not facilitate perceptual switches. On the contrary, a reduction in eye movements preceded the perceptual switch. (...)
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  148. Contemplating or Acting? Which Immersive Modes Should Be Favored in Virtual Reality During Physiotherapy for Breast Cancer Rehabilitation.Hélène Buche, Aude Michel, Christina Piccoli & Nathalie Blanc - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    BackgroundEven though virtual reality is more and more considered for its power of distraction in different medical contexts, the optimal conditions for its use still have to be determined in order to design interfaces adapted to therapeutic support in oncology.ObjectiveThe objective of this study was to examine the benefits of VR using two immersion methods and comparing them with each other in a population of women with breast cancer who have undergone breast surgery, during scar massage sessions.MethodsIn a physiotherapy center, (...)
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  149. Doing Contrariness: Therapeutic Talk-In-Interaction in a Single Therapy Session With a Traumatized Child.Michael B. Buchholz, Timo Buchholz & Barbara Wülfing - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Conversation analysis of children-adult—interaction in various contexts has become an established field of research. However, child therapy has received limited attention in CA. In child therapy, the general psychotherapeutic practice of achieving empathy faces particular challenges. In relation to this, our contribution sets out three issues for investigation and analysis: the first one is that practices of achieving empathy must be preceded by efforts aiming to establish which kind of individualized conversation works with this child. Psychotherapy process researchers in adult (...)
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  150. Higher Negative Self-Reference Level in Patients With Personality Disorders and Suicide Attempt(s) History During Biological Treatment for Major Depressive Disorder: Clinical Implications.Samuel Bulteau, Morgane Péré, Myriam Blanchin, Emmanuel Poulet, Jérôme Brunelin, Anne Sauvaget & Véronique Sébille - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Objective: The aim of the study was to identify clinical variables associated with changes in specific domains of self-reported depression during treatment by antidepressant and/or repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation in patients with Major Depressive Disorder.Methods: Data from a trial involving 170 patients with MDD receiving either venlafaxine, rTMS or both were re-analyzed. Depressive symptoms were assessed each week during the 2 to 6 weeks of treatment with the 13-item Beck Depression Inventory. Associations between depression changes on BDI13 domains, treatment arm, (...)
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  151.  1
    Why Psychology Needs to Stop Striving for Novelty and How to Move Towards Theory-Driven Research.Juliane Burghardt & Alexander Neil Bodansky - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Psychological science is maturing and therefore transitioning from explorative to theory-driven research. While explorative research seeks to find something “new,” theory-driven research seeks to elaborate on already known and hence predictable effects. A consequence of these differences is that the quality of explorative and theory-driven research needs to be judged by distinct criterions that optimally support their respective development. Especially, theory-driven research needs to be judged by its methodological rigor. A focus on innovativeness, which is typical for explorative research, will (...)
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  152. Nonverbal Behaviors “Speak” Relational Messages of Dominance, Trust, and Composure.Judee K. Burgoon, Xinran Wang, Xunyu Chen, Steven J. Pentland & Norah E. Dunbar - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Nonverbal signals color the meanings of interpersonal relationships. Humans rely on facial, head, postural, and vocal signals to express relational messages along continua. Three of relevance are dominance-submission, composure-nervousness and trust-distrust. Machine learning and new automated analysis tools are making possible a deeper understanding of the dynamics of relational communication. These are explored in the context of group interactions during a game entailing deception. The “messiness” of studying communication under naturalistic conditions creates many measurement and design obstacles that are discussed (...)
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  153. Behavioral and ERP Correlates of Long-Term Physical and Mental Training on a Demanding Switch Task.Pablo I. Burgos, Gabriela Cruz, Teresa Hawkes, Ignacia Rojas-Sepúlveda & Marjorie Woollacott - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Physical and mental training are associated with positive effects on executive functions throughout the lifespan. However, evidence of the benefits of combined physical and mental regimes over a sedentary lifestyle remain sparse. The goal of this study was to investigate potential mechanisms, from a source-resolved event-related-potential perspective, that could explain how practicing long-term physical and mental exercise can benefit neural processing during the execution of an attention switching task. Fifty-three healthy community volunteers who self-reported long-term practice of Tai Chi, meditation (...)
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  154.  3
    Gymnastics Experience Enhances the Development of Bipedal-Stance Multi-Segmental Coordination and Control During Proprioceptive Reweighting.Albert Busquets, Blai Ferrer-Uris, Rosa Angulo-Barroso & Peter Federolf - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Performance and control of upright bipedal posture requires a constant and dynamic integration of relative contributions of different sensory inputs to enable effective adaptations as individuals face environmental changes and perturbations. Children with gymnastic experience showed balance performance closer to that of adults during and after proprioceptive alteration than children without gymnastic experience when their center of pressure was analyzed. However, a particular COP sway can be achieved through performing and coordinating different postural movements. The aim of this study was (...)
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  155.  1
    Resilience Improves the Sleep Quality in Disabled Elders: The Role of Perceived Stress.Yumei Cai, Junlei Wang & Liwen Hou - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    The current research aims to prove the impact of resilience on sleep quality and to investigate the mediating function of perceived stress in the paths from resilience to sleep quality among disabled Chinese elders. The participants were 196 elders with visual and physical disability who resided in the nursing houses in Shanghai, including 102 males and 94 females whose mean age was 74.5 years old. All the elders were measured with the 10-item Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale, Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index, and (...)
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  156. Body Image Dissatisfaction and Impulse Buying: A Moderated Mediation Model.Zhihui Cai, Yang Gui, Dandan Wang, Han Yang, Peipei Mao & Zhikeng Wang - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    This study investigated the mediating roles of self-acceptance and self-esteem in the relationship between body image dissatisfaction and impulse buying, and tested the moderating effect of gender on the relationships. A sample of 374 college students and graduate students participated in the study. Results revealed that body image dissatisfaction positively associated with impulse buying; self-esteem plays a mediating role between body image dissatisfaction and impulsive buying; a serial indirect pathway emerged; the mediation path from self-acceptance to self-esteem was stronger for (...)
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  157.  5
    Clinical Psychology Services for Patients Hospitalized Due to COVID-19 During the Pandemic in Northern Italy: From Isolation to Rehabilitation.Edward Callus, Enrico Giuseppe Bertoldo, Valentina Fiolo, Silvana Pagliuca & Barbara Baroni - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    The objective of this paper is to describe the organization and modality of provision of clinical psychology services for those patients who had to be hospitalized due to COVID-19 during the pandemic in Northern Italy. The IRCCS Policlinico San Donato hospital in Milan was converted into a COVID-19 center in March 2020, and all the staff, including the Clinical Psychology Service Team, were diverted to assist these patients. A description is given of how the service was organized and the modalities (...)
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  158. Editorial: Mind the Heart – Psychosocial Risk Factors and Cognitive Functioning in Cardiovascular Disease.Edward Callus, Giada Pietrabissa & Noa Vilchinsky - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
  159. Autobiographical Meaning Making Protects the Sense of Self-Continuity Past Forced Migration.Christin Camia & Rida Zafar - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Forced migration changes people’s lives and their sense of self-continuity fundamentally. One memory-based mechanism to protect the sense of self-continuity and psychological well-being is autobiographical meaning making, enabling individuals to explain change in personality and life by connecting personal experiences and other distant parts of life to the self and its development. Aiming to replicate and extend prior research, the current study investigated whether autobiographical meaning making has the potential to support the sense of self-continuity in refugees. We therefore collected (...)
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  160.  1
    The Importance of Well-Being on Resiliency of Filipino Adults During the COVID-19 Enhanced Community Quarantine: A Necessary Condition Analysis.Desiderio S. Camitan & Lalaine N. Bajin - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Nation-wide community quarantines and social distancing are part of the new normal because of the global COVID-19 pandemic. Since extensive and prolonged lockdowns are relatively novel experiences, not much is known about the well-being of individuals in such extreme situations. This research effort investigated the relationship between well-being elements and resiliency of 533 Filipino adults who were placed under the nationwide enhanced community quarantine during the COVID-19 pandemic. Participants comprised of 376 females and 157 males. The median and mode ages (...)
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  161. Beyond the Senses: How Self-Directed Speech and Word Meaning Structure Impact Executive Functioning and Theory of Mind in Individuals With Hearing and Language Problems.Thomas F. Camminga, Daan Hermans, Eliane Segers & Constance T. W. M. Vissers - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Many individuals with developmental language disorder and individuals who are deaf or hard of hearing have social–emotional problems, such as social difficulties, and show signs of aggression, depression, and anxiety. These problems can be partly associated with their executive functions and theory of mind. The difficulties of both groups in EF and ToM may in turn be related to self-directed speech. Self-directed speech is thought to allow for the construction of non-sensory representations. Such non-sensory representations allow individuals to overcome the (...)
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  162. Mild Cognitive Impairment in de Novo Parkinson's Disease: Selective Attention Deficit as Early Sign of Neurocognitive Decay.Davide Maria Cammisuli, Cristina Pagni, Giovanni Palermo, Daniela Frosini, Joyce Bonaccorsi, Claudia Radicchi, Simona Cintoli, Luca Tommasini, Gloria Tognoni, Roberto Ceravolo & Ubaldo Bonuccelli - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Background: In the present study, we aimed to better investigate attention system profile of Parkinson's disease-Mild Cognitive Impairment patients and to determine if specific attentional deficits are associated with 123I-FP-CIT SPECT.Methods: A total of 44 de novo drug-naïve PD patients [ with normal cognition and 17 with MCI ], 23 MCI patients and 23 individuals with subjective cognitive impairment were recruited at the Clinical Neurology Unit of Santa Chiara hospital. They were assessed by a wide neuropsychological battery, including Visual Search (...)
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  163.  3
    HIIT Models in Addition to Training Load and Heart Rate Variability Are Related With Physiological and Performance Adaptations After 10-Weeks of Training in Young Futsal Players.Fernando de Souza Campos, Fernando Klitzke Borszcz, Lucinar Jupir Forner Flores, Lilian Keila Barazetti, Anderson Santiago Teixeira, Renan Felipe Hartmann Nunes & Luiz Guilherme Antonacci Guglielmo - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    IntroductionThe present study aimed to investigate the effects of two high-intensity interval training shuttle-run-based models, over 10 weeks on aerobic, anaerobic, and neuromuscular parameters, and the association of the training load and heart rate variability with the change in the measures in young futsal players.MethodsEleven young male futsal players participated in this study. This pre-post study design was performed during a typical 10 weeks training period. HIIT sessions were conducted at 86% and 100% of peak speed of the FIET. Additionally, (...)
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  164.  1
    Humor in Times of COVID-19 in Spain: Viewing Coronavirus Through Memes Disseminated Via WhatsApp.Lucía-Pilar Cancelas-Ouviña - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    The COVID-19 crisis, and its ensuing periods of confinement, has generated high levels of social stress on a global scale. In Spain, citizens were isolated in their homes and were not able to interact physically with family members, friends or co-workers. Different resources were employed to face this new stressful and unexpected situation. Humor was one of the most frequent and widely used strategies in an attempt to keep perspective, deal with the seriousness of the situation and make the day-to-day (...)
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  165.  1
    The Role of Relational Entitlement, Self-Disclosure and Perceived Partner Responsiveness in Predicting Couple Satisfaction: A Daily-Diary Study.Octav Sorin Candel & Maria Nicoleta Turliuc - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Recent research has investigated how the sense of relational entitlement diminishes couple satisfaction, but little is known about how SRE affects the daily quality of close, romantic relationships. Moreover, the evidence on how SRE interacts with other features of a satisfying relationship is scarce. Using an electronic daily diary, we examined 99 couples for 7 days, with two daily measurements for each partner. We used a dyadic double intercept multilevel model, which simultaneously computes effects for men and women. We tested (...)
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  166.  4
    Affective Scaffoldings as Habits: A Pragmatist Approach.Laura Candiotto & Roberta Dreon - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    In this paper, we provide a pragmatist conceptualization of affective habits as relatively flexible ways of channeling affectivity. Our proposal, grounded in a conception of sensibility and habits derived from John Dewey, suggests understanding affective scaffoldings in a novel and broader sense by re-orienting the debate from objects to interactions. We claim that habits play a positive role in supporting and orienting human sensibility, allowing us to avoid any residue of dualism between internalist and externalist conceptions of affectivity. We provide (...)
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  167.  1
    The Effect of Persuasive Messages in Promoting Home-Based Physical Activity During COVID-19 Pandemic.Valentina Carfora & Patrizia Catellani - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    We tested the plausibility of a persuasion model to understand the effects of messages framed in terms of gain, non-loss, loss, and non-gain, and related to the physical, mental and social consequences of doing physical activity at home during the lockdown restrictions. 272 Italian participants responded to a questionnaire on their attitude and intention at Time 1, frequency of past behavior, and self-efficacy related to exercising at home. Then, participants were randomly assigned to four different message conditions: gain messages focused (...)
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  168.  2
    A Cognitive-Emotional Model to Explain Message Framing Effects: Reducing Meat Consumption.Valentina Carfora, Massimiliano Pastore & Patrizia Catellani - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    We tested the plausibility of a cognitive-emotional model to understand the effects of messages framed in terms of gain, non-loss, non-gain, and loss, and related to the health consequences of red/processed meat consumption. A total of 544 Italian participants reported their attitude toward reduced red/processed meat consumption and intention to eat red/processed meat. One week later, participants were randomly assigned to four different message conditions: gain messages focused on the positive health outcomes associated with low meat consumption; non-loss messages focused (...)
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  169.  1
    The Role of Music in Everyday Life During the First Wave of the Coronavirus Pandemic: A Mixed-Methods Exploratory Study.Emily Carlson, Johanna Wilson, Margarida Baltazar, Deniz Duman, Henna-Riikka Peltola, Petri Toiviainen & Suvi Saarikallio - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Although music is known to be a part of everyday life and a resource for mood and emotion management, everyday life has changed significantly for many due to the global coronavirus pandemic, making the role of music in everyday life less certain. An online survey in which participants responded to Likert scale questions as well as providing free text responses was used to explore how participants were engaging with music during the first wave of the pandemic, whether and how they (...)
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  170.  1
    How Wide the Divide? – Theorizing ‘Constructions’ in Generative and Usage-Based Frameworks.Matthew T. Carlson, Antonio Fábregas & Michael T. Putnam - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    What is the nature and function of mental representations in cognitive science, and in human language in particular? How do they come into existence and interact, and how is the information attributed to them stored in and retrieved from the human mind? Some theories treat constructions as primitive entities used for structure-building, central in both production and comprehension, while other theories only admit construction-like entities as devices to map the structure into semantics or to relate them to specific morphophonological exponents. (...)
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  171. Editorial: LGBTQ Parents and Their Children During the Family Life Cycle.Nicola Carone, Henny M. W. Bos, Geva Shenkman & Fiona Tasker - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
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  172.  1
    Predicting the Development of Adult Nature Connection Through Nature Activities: Developing the Evaluating Nature Activities for Connection Tool.Victoria Carr & Joelene Hughes - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Nature Connection is considered an important driver of conservation behavior. Consequently, conservation organizations run many activities aiming to increase NC among participants. However, little is known about which activities are most effective at doing this and why. This study developed the Evaluating Nature Activities for Connection Tool, to evaluate the effectiveness of activities for increasing participants’ NC and nature-related intentions. ENACT comprises 11 activity aspects identified through two research phases. In Phase 1, a literature search, focus group and interviews identified (...)
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  173. Non-Verbal Adaptation to the Interlocutors' Inner Characteristics: Relevance, Challenges, and Future Directions.Valerie Carrard - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Human diversity cannot be denied. In our everyday social interactions, we constantly experience the fact that each individual is a unique combination of characteristics with specific cultural norms, roles, personality, and mood. Efficient social interaction thus requires an adaptation of communication behaviors to each specific interlocutor that one encounters. This is especially true for non-verbal communication that is more unconscious and automatic than verbal communication. Consequently, non-verbal communication needs to be understood as a dynamic and adaptive process in the theoretical (...)
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  174. Inner Harmony as an Essential Facet of Well-Being: A Multinational Study During the COVID-19 Pandemic.David F. Carreno, Nikolett Eisenbeck, José Antonio Pérez-Escobar & José M. García-Montes - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    This study aimed to explore the role of two models of well-being in the prediction of psychological distress during the COVID-19 pandemic, namely PERMA and mature happiness. According to PERMA, well-being is mainly composed of five elements: positive emotions, engagement, relationships, meaning in life, and achievement. Instead, mature happiness is understood as a positive mental state characterized by inner harmony, calmness, acceptance, contentment, and satisfaction with life. Rooted in existential positive psychology, this harmony-based happiness represents the result of living in (...)
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  175.  1
    Effects of a Teaching Personal and Social Responsibility Model Intervention in Competitive Youth Sport.Federico Carreres-Ponsoda, Amparo Escartí, Jose Manuel Jimenez-Olmedo & Juan M. Cortell-Tormo - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    The aim of this study was to implement the teaching personal and social responsibility model in a competitive context analyzing the differences between the intervention and the control group on personal and social responsibility, prosocial behaviors, and self-efficacy in youth soccer players. Participants were 34 youth soccer players between the ages of 14 and 16 years old divided into two different soccer teams of 17 members, corresponding to the control and intervention groups. The implementation of the TPSR model took place (...)
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  176.  3
    Correlates of Social Cognition and Psychopathic Traits in a Community-Based Sample of Males.Grace A. Carroll, V. Tamara Montrose & Tom Burke - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Social cognition is the ability to identify, understand, and interpret mental states and emotions. Psychopathic traits are typically described in two ways; Primary: shallow affect, emotional detachment, and relationship difficulties, and Secondary Psychopathic Traits: antisocial traits, impulsiveness, and emotional dysregulation. People with high psychopathic traits tend to perform lower on measures of social cognition. This study investigated the relationship of social cognition to primary and secondary psychopathic traits in a non-clinical sample, and investigated the psychometric properties of the Reading the (...)
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  177.  1
    Parental Antecedents of Locus of Control of Reinforcement: A Qualitative Review.John S. Carton, Mikayla Ries & Stephen Nowicki - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    The construct of locus of control of reinforcement has generated thousands of studies since its introduction as a psychological concept by Julian Rotter. Although evidence indicates its importance for a wide range of outcomes, comparatively little research has been directed toward identification of potential developmental antecedents of internal/external expectancies. A previous review of antecedent findings called for more research to be completed, particularly using observational and/or longitudinal methodologies. The current paper summarizes and evaluates antecedent research published in the intervening years (...)
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  178. Efficacy of an ACT and Compassion-Based eHealth Program for Self-Management of Chronic Pain (iACTwithPain): Study Protocol for a Randomized Controlled Trial.Sérgio A. Carvalho, Inês A. Trindade, Joana Duarte, Paulo Menezes, Bruno Patrão, Maria Rita Nogueira, Raquel Guiomar, Teresa Lapa, José Pinto-Gouveia & Paula Castilho - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    BackgroundChronic pain has serious medical and social consequences and leads to economic burden that threatens the sustainability of healthcare services. Thus, optimized management of pain tools to support CP patients in adjusting to their condition and improving their quality of life is timely. Although acceptance and commitment therapy is considered an evidence-based psychological approach for CP, evidence for the efficacy of online-delivered ACT for CP is still scarce. At the same time, studies suggest that self-compassion mediates the change in disability (...)
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  179.  2
    Impulsivity-Compulsivity Axis: Evidence of Its Clinical Validity to Individually Classify Subjects on the Use/Abuse of Information and Communication Technologies.Daniel Cassú-Ponsatí, Eduardo J. Pedrero-Pérez, Sara Morales-Alonso & José María Ruiz-Sánchez de León - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    The compulsive habit model proposed by Everitt and Robbins has accumulated important empirical evidence. One of their proposals is the existence of an axis, on which each a person with a particular addiction can be located depending on the evolutionary moment of his/her addictive process. The objective of the present study is to contribute in addressing the identification of such axis, as few studies related to it have been published to date. To do so, the use/abuse of Information and Communication (...)
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  180. Social Perception in Schizophrenia: Evidence of Reduced Prejudiced Attitudes Among People With a Diagnosis of Schizophrenia.Luigi Castelli, Luciana Carraro, Alessia Valmori, Chiara Uliana & Massimiliano Paparella - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Only recently research in social psychology has started to systematically investigate intergroup attitudes among members of stigmatized minority groups. In particular, the study of the way people with mental health problems perceive the social groups around them is so far very scarce. In this work, we focused on people with schizophrenia, analyzing their attitudes toward another stigmatized group, namely Black individuals. In Study 1, the attitudes toward White and Black people were assessed in a sample of respondents with a diagnosis (...)
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  181.  2
    Urban (Digital) Play and Right to the City: A Critical Perspective.Eunice Castro Seixas - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    In this paper I discuss the concept of the right to the city in articulation with the concept of urban play and more specifically, the diverse body of research related with playable and playful cities. Following a brief review of these two concepts and related studies, I critically discuss the possibilities of articulating Lefebvre's radical concept of the right to the city to contemporary interventions on urban and digital play.
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  182. Male Mating Expectations in Brazilian and American Samples.Felipe Nalon Castro, Wallisen Tadashi Hattori, Steven J. C. Gaulin, Maria Emília Yamamoto & Fívia de Araújo Lopes - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    This study aims to investigate assortative mating based on mate value from male perspective. Male participants evaluated hypothetical “stimulus” males described in terms of physical attractiveness, social skills, and social status. Participants rated each stimulus and each stimulus' preferred mating partner on nine traits. The results showed that positive assortative mating was expected in romantic relationships; the stimulus ratings did not vary independently, suggesting that mate value is the result of the interaction of the characteristics of individuals; and that participants (...)
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  183. Does the Rural Environment Influence Symptomatology and Optimize the Effectiveness of Disease Acceptance? A Study Among Women With Fibromyalgia.Patricia Catalá, Sheila Blanco, Soledad Perez-Calvo, Octavio Luque-Reca, Dolores Bedmar & Cecilia Peñacoba - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    The present study aims to explore whether the symptoms associated with fibromyalgia are contextually influenced by the area of residence. Furthermore, it is analyzed whether the effect of the acceptance of the disease on the emotional, cognitive and physical symptoms is moderated by the patients’ place of residence. Using a cross-sectional design, a total of 234 women with fibromyalgia were surveyed, of which 55.13% resided in rural areas and 44.87% in urban areas. Self-reported questionnaires were used to assess pain severity, (...)
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  184.  1
    Emotion Regulation, Physical Diseases, and Borderline Personality Disorders: Conceptual and Clinical Considerations.Marco Cavicchioli, Lavinia Barone, Donatella Fiore, Monica Marchini, Paola Pazzano, Pietro Ramella, Ilaria Riccardi, Michele Sanza & Cesare Maffei - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    This perspective paper aims at discussing theoretical principles that could explain how emotion regulation and physical diseases mutually influence each other in the context of borderline personality disorder. Furthermore, this paper discusses the clinical implications of the functional relationships between emotion regulation, BPD and medical conditions considering dialectical behavior therapy as a well-validated therapeutic intervention, which encompasses these issues. The inflexible use of maladaptive emotion regulation strategies might directly increase the probability of developing physical diseases through a physiological pathway, or (...)
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  185.  1
    Adverse Childhood Experiences and Early Maladaptive Schemas as Predictors of Cyber Dating Abuse: An Actor-Partner Interdependence Mediation Model Approach.Laura Celsi, F. Giorgia Paleari & Frank D. Fincham - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    The increasing role that new technologies play in intimate relationships has led to the emergence of a new form of couple violence, cyber dating abuse, especially among adolescents and young adults. Although this phenomenon has received increased attention, no research has investigated predictors of cyber dating abuse taking into account the interdependence of the two partners. The study examines adverse childhood experiences and early maladaptive schemas as possible predictors of young adults’ perpetrated and suffered cyber dating abuse. Adopting a dyadic (...)
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  186.  1
    The Collateral Impact of COVID-19 Emergency on Neonatal Intensive Care Units and Family-Centered Care: Challenges and Opportunities.Loredana Cena, Paolo Biban, Jessica Janos, Manuela Lavelli, Joshua Langfus, Angelina Tsai, Eric A. Youngstrom & Alberto Stefana - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    The ongoing Coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic is disrupting most specialized healthcare services worldwide, including those for high-risk newborns and their families. Due to the risk of contagion, critically ill infants, relatives and professionals attending neonatal intensive care units are undergoing a profound remodeling of the organization and quality of care. In particular, mitigation strategies adopted to combat the COVID-19 pandemic may hinder the implementation of family-centered care within the NICU. This may put newborns at risk for several adverse effects, e.g., (...)
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  187.  4
    Neurocognitive Predictors of Treatment Outcomes in Cognitive Processing Therapy for Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder: Study Protocol.David P. Cenkner, Anu Asnaani, Christina DiChiara, Gerlinde C. Harb, Kevin G. Lynch, Jennifer Greene & J. Cobb Scott - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Background: Post-traumatic stress disorder is a prevalent, debilitating, and costly psychiatric disorder. Evidenced-based psychotherapies, including Cognitive Processing Therapy, are effective in treating PTSD, although a fair proportion of individuals show limited benefit from such treatments. CPT requires cognitive demands such as encoding, recalling, and implementing new information, resulting in behavioral change that may improve PTSD symptoms. Individuals with PTSD show worse cognitive functioning than those without PTSD, particularly in acquisition of verbal memory. Therefore, memory dysfunction may limit treatment gains in (...)
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  188.  2
    Message Framing Effects on Individuals' Social Distancing and Helping Behavior During the COVID-19 Pandemic.Melis Ceylan & Ceren Hayran - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    This research responds to urgent calls to fill knowledge gaps on COVID-19 in communicating social distancing messages to the public in the most convincing ways. The authors explore the effectiveness of framing social distancing messages around prosocial vs. self-interested appeals in driving message compliance and helping behavior. The results show that when a message emphasizes benefits for everyone in society, rather than solely for the individual, citizens find the message more persuasive to engage in social distancing, and also more motivating (...)
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  189. Reversals in Movement Direction in Locomotor Interception of Uniformly Moving Targets.Gwenaelle Ceyte, Remy Casanova & Reinoud J. Bootsma - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Here we studied how participants steer to intercept uniformly moving targets in a virtual driving task. We tested the hypothesis that locomotor interception behavior cannot fully be explained by a strategy of nulling rate of change in pertinent agent-target relations such as the target-heading angle or target’s bearing angle. In line with a previously reported observation and model simulations, we found that, under specific combinations of initial target eccentricity and target motion direction, locomotor paths revealed reversals in movement direction. This (...)
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  190. The Development of Relational Reasoning in South Korean Elementary and Middle-School Students: A Cross-Sectional Investigation.Soo Eun Chae & Patricia A. Alexander - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Relational reasoning is a higher-order executive function that involves the ability to perceive meaningful patterns within a body of seemingly unrelated information. In this study, the ability of 749 fourth, sixth, eighth, and tenth graders to identify meaningful relational patterns was investigated. This general cognitive ability was assessed by means of the Test of Relational Reasoning-Junior, a 32-item measure organized into four 8-item scales that assess analogical, anomalous, antinomous, and antithetical reasoning. Students’ performance on the TORRjr was analyzed using confirmatory (...)
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  191. Intrinsic Motivation and Sophisticated Epistemic Beliefs Are Promising Pathways to Science Achievement: Evidence From High Achieving Regions in the East and the West.Ching Sing Chai, Pei-Yi Lin, Ronnel B. King & Morris Siu-Yung Jong - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Research on self-determination theory emphasizes the importance of the internalization of motivation as a crucial factor for determining the quality of motivation. Hence, intrinsic motivation is deemed as an important predictor of learning. Research on epistemic beliefs, on the other hand, focuses on the nature of knowledge, and learning with more sophisticated epistemic beliefs associated with more adaptive outcomes. While learning and achievement are multiply determined, a more comprehensive theoretical model that takes into account both motivational quality and epistemic beliefs (...)
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  192. Risky Sexual Behavior of Young Adults in Hong Kong: An Exploratory Study of Psychosocial Risk Factors.Heng Choon Chan - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    There is limited knowledge of the prevalence and nature of risky sexual behavior among young adults in Hong Kong. This cross-sectional study explored the psychosocial risk factors of RSB with a sample of 1,171 Hong Kong university students. Grounded in the theoretical propositions of several criminological theories, engagement in three types of RSB was studied alongside a range of psychosocial risk factors. Relative to female participants, male participants reported significantly higher mean levels of general, penetrative, and non-penetrative RSB. Male participants (...)
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  193.  3
    The Effect of Religion on Psychological Resilience in Healthcare Workers During the Coronavirus Disease 2019 Pandemic.Mei-Chung Chang, Po-Fei Chen, Ting-Hsuan Lee, Chao-Chin Lin, Kwo-Tsao Chiang, Ming-Fen Tsai, Hui-Fang Kuo & For-Wey Lung - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Background: Healthcare workers in the front line of diagnosis, treatment, and care of patients with coronavirus disease 2019 are at great risk of both infection and developing mental health symptoms. This study aimed to investigate the following: whether healthcare workers in general hospitals experience higher mental distress than those in psychiatric hospitals; the role played by religion and alexithymic trait in influencing the mental health condition and perceived level of happiness of healthcare workers amidst the stress of the COVID-19 pandemic; (...)
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  194. A CDST Perspective on Variability in Foreign Language Learners’ Listening Development.Pengyun Chang & Lawrence Jun Zhang - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Within a Complex Dynamic Systems Theory framework, this longitudinal qualitative study explored the complex patterns and identified the degree of variability in three learners’ developmental process. Learners’ listening performance was tracked and examined every 6 weeks, followed by retrospective interviews and self-reflections every 7 weeks over the 43-month span. A series of CDST techniques were adopted for data analysis, including using min–max graphs to trace the minimum and maximum scores on the EFL learners’ listening developmental indices over time. Monte-Carlo and (...)
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  195.  1
    Stress, Sleep and Psychological Impact in Healthcare Workers During the Early Phase of COVID-19 in India: A Factor Analysis.Seshadri Sekhar Chatterjee, Madhushree Chakrabarty, Debanjan Banerjee, Sandeep Grover, Shiv Sekhar Chatterjee & Utpal Dan - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Background: Risks to healthcare workers have escalated during the pandemic and they are likely to experience a greater level of stress. This cross-sectional study investigated mental distress among healthcare workers during the early phase of Coronavirus disease-2019 outbreak in India.Method: 140 healthcare workers of a tertiary care hospital in India were assessed for perceived stress and insomnia. A factor analysis with principal component method reduced these questions to four components which were categorized as insomnia, stress-related anxiety, stress-related irritability, and stress-related (...)
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  196.  1
    Daily Challenge/Hindrance Demands and Cognitive Wellbeing: A Multilevel Moderated Mediation Model.Huangen Chen, Hongyan Wang, Mengsha Yuan & Shan Xu - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Based on the challenge-hindrance stressor model, this study explored the mechanism of how challenge/hindrance demands affect cognitive wellbeing on a daily basis. Specifically, we examined the mediating effect of work–family enrichment on the relationship between challenge/hindrance demands and cognitive wellbeing. In addition, we tested the moderating effect of overqualification on the relationship between challenge/hindrance demands and work–family enrichment on a daily basis. Finally, we examined the moderated mediation effect of perceived overqualification in a multilevel model. To capture changes in work–family (...)
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  197. The Compensatory Protective Effects of Social Support at Work in Presenteeism During the Coronavirus Disease Pandemic.Jia Wun Chen, Luo Lu & Cary L. Cooper - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    The present study investigated the lasting effects of sickness presenteeism on well-being and innovative job performance in the demanding Chinese work context compounded with the precarities of the post-pandemic business environment. Adopting the conservation of resources theory perspective, especially its proposition of compensation of resources, we incorporated social resources at work as joint moderators in the presenteeism–outcomes relationship. We employed a panel design in which all variables were measured twice with 6 months in between. Data were obtained from 323 Chinese (...)
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  198.  1
    Does the Internet Expand the Educational Gap Among Different Social Classes? The Protective Role of Future Orientation.Jing-Jing Chen & Ming Fei Liu - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Amid the social background of China where the Internet has penetrated into every corner of an adolescent’s life, we were concerned of the role of Internet usage in influencing the educational gap among social classes. We investigated the mediating role of Internet usage preference for entertainment in the relationship between the family socioeconomic status and the adolescent’s academic achievement and explored the moderating role of future orientation in the relationship. A total of 614 junior high school students were recruited to (...)
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  199. Beyond Smiles: Static Expressions in Maxillary Protrusion and Associated Positivity.Lijing Chen, Jiuhui Jiang, Xingshan Li, Jinfeng Ding, Kevin B. Paterson & Li-Lin Rao - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Smiles play an important role in social perception. However, it is unclear whether a similar role is played by static facial features associated with smiles. In dental science, maxillary dental protrusions increase the baring of the teeth and thus produce partial facial features of a smile even when the individual is not choosing to smile, whereas mandibular dental protrusions do not. We conducted three experiments to assess whether individuals ascribe positive evaluations to these facial features, which are not genuine emotional (...)
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  200.  3
    Numerical Magnitude Processing in Deaf Adolescents and Its Contribution to Arithmetical Ability.Lilan Chen, Yan Wang & Hongbo Wen - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Although most deaf individuals could use sign language or sign/spoken language mix, hearing loss would still affect their language acquisition. Compensatory plasticity holds that the lack of auditory stimulation experienced by deaf individuals, such as congenital deafness, can be met by enhancements in visual cognition. And the studies of hearing individuals have showed that visual form perception is the cognitive mechanism that could explain the association between numerical magnitude processing and arithmetic computation. Therefore, we examined numerical magnitude processing and its (...)
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  201.  1
    From Stressful Experiences to Depression in Chinese Migrant Children: The Roles of Stress Mindset and Coping.Luxi Chen & Li Qu - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Migrant children are at high risk for depression, though the exact mechanism is still unclear. This study investigated whether and how different stress mindsets and coping strategies mediated the association between stressful experiences and depression in migrant children, and whether these relationships would be moderated by gender. One hundred and ninety-eight rural-to-urban migrant children in Beijing, China, completed self-administered measures of stressful experiences, threat and challenge mindsets, coping strategies, and depression. Path analysis was conducted to examine the proposed mediation model. (...)
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  202.  1
    Teachers’ Conceptions of Teaching Chinese Descriptive Composition With Interactive Spherical Video-Based Virtual Reality.Mengyuan Chen, Ching-Sing Chai, Morris Siu-Yung Jong & Michael Yi-Chao Jiang - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Phenomenographic research about teachers’ conception of teaching has consistently revealed that teachers’ conception of teaching influence their classroom practices, which in turn shape students’ learning experiences. This paper reports teachers’ conceptions of teaching with regards to the use of interactive spherical video-based virtual reality in Chinese descriptive composition writing. Twenty-one secondary teachers in Hong Kong involved in an ISV-VR-supported Chinese descriptive writing program participated in this phenomenographic study. Analyses of the semi-structured interviews establish seven conception categories that are specifically related (...)
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  203.  4
    Corrigendum: The Trade-Off Between Format Familiarity and Word-Segmentation Facilitation in Chinese Reading.Mingjing Chen, Yongsheng Wang, Bingjie Zhao, Xin Li & Xuejun Bai - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
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  204.  2
    The Trade-Off Between Format Familiarity and Word-Segmentation Facilitation in Chinese Reading.Mingjing Chen, Yongsheng Wang, Bingjie Zhao, Xin Li & Xuejun Bai - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    In alphabetic writing systems, the spaces between words mark the word boundaries, and the basic unit of reading is distinguished during visual-level processing. The visual-level information of word boundaries facilitates reading. Chinese is an ideographic language whose text contains no intrinsic inter-word spaces as the marker of word boundaries. Previous studies have shown that the basic processing unit of Chinese reading is also a word. However, findings remain inconsistent regarding whether inserting spaces between words in Chinese text promotes reading performance. (...)
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  205. Relationships Among Leaders' and Followers' Work Engagement and Followers' Subjective Career Success: A Multilevel Approach.Qishan Chen, Shuting Yang, Jiayu Deng, Liuying Lu & Jingyi He - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Using a sample of 52 work teams in China, we investigated the influence mechanism of leaders' work engagement on their followers' work engagement and subjective career success. A multilevel structural equation model was applied to analyze the survey data. The results of this study indicated that leaders' work engagement positively influenced their followers' subjective career success, and this relationship was mediated by the followers' work engagement. Implications of these findings, limitations, and directions for future research are discussed in the final (...)
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  206.  3
    Rasch Analysis of Work-Family Conflict Scale Among Chinese Prison Police.Wei Chen, Guyin Zhang, Xue Tian, Li Wang & Jie Luo - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    As a special group of police officer, prison police have to endure more work stress and have significant work-family conflict, which may lead to more physical and mental health problems and need to be noticed by the society. The Work-Family Conflict Scale is a brief self-report scale that measures the conflict that an individual experiences between their work and family roles and the extent they interfere with one another. However, there is limited data on the scale’s psychometric properties. The aim (...)
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  207.  3
    A Novel User Emotional Interaction Design Model Using Long and Short-Term Memory Networks and Deep Learning.Xiang Chen, Rubing Huang, Xin Li, Lei Xiao, Ming Zhou & Linghao Zhang - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Emotional design is an important development trend of interaction design. Emotional design in products plays a key role in enhancing user experience and inducing user emotional resonance. In recent years, based on the user's emotional experience, the design concept of strengthening product emotional design has become a new direction for most designers to improve their design thinking. In the emotional interaction design, the machine needs to capture the user's key information in real time, recognize the user's emotional state, and use (...)
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  208.  1
    Adaptations to the One-Child Policy: Chinese Young Adults’ Attitudes Toward Elder Care and Living Arrangement After Marriage.Xiaochen Chen, Cuo Zhuoga & Ziqian Deng - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    After four decades of China’s family planning policy, the shrinking family size and increasing life expectancy pose special challenges for the one-child generation in terms of providing care for aging parents. The current study explored young adults’ responses to such pressure by examining their concerns about elder care, attitudes toward nursing homes, and living arrangement after marriage in a sample of 473 Chinese working young adults from six cities in China. Results showed that although most of the young adults reported (...)
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  209.  1
    Personality Traits, Loneliness, and Affect Among Boxers.Xin Chen, Nan Qiu, Chao Chen & Liang Zhai - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    This study aimed to test the association between personality traits and affect among boxers and to figure out whether loneliness mediated this relationship. This study used The Big Five Personality Traits Scale, The UCLA Loneliness Scale, and The Positive and Negative Affect Scale which were administered to N = 231 boxers, of which 62% were male and 38% were female. The results showed that conscientiousness, extraversion, and agreeableness were negatively related with negative affect, neuroticism was positively associated with negative affect, (...)
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  210.  4
    The Integration and Development of Piano Art and Media Education and Its Influence on the Long-Term Care and Happiness of the Elderly People.Xuan Chen, Fangwei Huang & Yingfeng Wang - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    To analyze the influence of the integration of piano art and media on long-term care of the elderly in the aging society, and to improve the living standard and happiness of the elderly, based on educational psychology, several scales of self-compiled personal information, the Ackerson personality inventory, and the memorial university of Newfoundland happiness scale were introduced for statement, and questionnaire method was adopted for information collection. Then, the mechanism of the integration of piano art and media on the happiness (...)
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  211. Agreement of Ultra-Short-Term Heart Rate Variability Recordings During Overseas Training Camps in Under-20 National Futsal Players.Yung-Sheng Chen, Jeffrey C. Pagaduan, Pedro Bezerra, Zachary J. Crowley-McHattan, Cheng-Deng Kuo & Filipe Manuel Clemente - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Background: Monitoring the daily change in resting heart rate variability can provide information regarding training adaptation and recovery status of the autonomic nervous system during training camps. However, it remains unclear whether postural stabilization is essential for valid and reliable ultra-short-term recordings in short-term overseas training camps.Design: Observational and longitudinal study.Purpose: This study aimed to investigate ultra-short-term heart rate variability recordings under stabilization or post-stabilization periods in four overseas training camps.Participant: Twenty-seven U-20 male national team futsal players voluntarily participated in (...)
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  212. The Gaze Cueing Effect and Its Enhancement by Facial Expressions Are Impacted by Task Demands: Direct Comparison of Target Localization and Discrimination Tasks.Zelin Chen, Sarah D. McCrackin, Alicia Morgan & Roxane J. Itier - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    The gaze cueing effect is characterized by faster attentional orienting to a gazed-at than a non-gazed-at target. This effect is often enhanced when the gazing face bears an emotional expression, though this finding is modulated by a number of factors. Here, we tested whether the type of task performed might be one such modulating factor. Target localization and target discrimination tasks are the two most commonly used gaze cueing tasks, and they arguably differ in cognitive resources, which could impact how (...)
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  213. From Perceived Supervisor Social Power to Employee Commitment: Definition and Scale Development.Léandre Alexis Chénard-Poirier, Christian Vandenberghe & Alexandre J. S. Morin - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    It has been theoretically proposed that employees’ perceptions of their supervisor social power in the organization entail a potential to influence their beliefs, attitudes, and behaviors. However, no study has investigated such potential. This lack of research stems from the absence of a common understanding around the meaning of perceived supervisor social power and the absence of any validated measure. Therefore, the purpose of this article is to establish PSSP definition and to validate a five-item scale to measure this construct. (...)
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  214. What Dominates the Female Class Identification? Evidence From China.Peng Cheng, Jing Zhou, Ping Jiang & Zhijun Zhang - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    In advocating gender equality today, we should not only pay attention to women's social status but also call for the women's psychological identification of class equality. What dominates female class identification? To answer this question, based on the data of the Chinese General Social Survey in 2015, this study constructs a female class identity framework from five aspects: the mother's intergenerational influence, female personal characteristics, lifestyle, gender consciousness, and spouse status. In this study, the ordered logit model is used to (...)
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  215.  3
    Teacher Written Feedback on English as a Foreign Language Learners’ Writing: Examining Native and Nonnative English-Speaking Teachers’ Practices in Feedback Provision.Xiaolong Cheng & Lawrence Jun Zhang - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    While previous studies have examined front-line teachers’ written feedback practices in second language writing classrooms, such studies tend to not take teachers’ language and sociocultural backgrounds into consideration, which may mediate their performance in written feedback provision. Therefore, much remains to be known about how L2 writing teachers with different first languages enact written feedback. To fill this gap, we designed an exploratory study to examine native English-speaking and non-native English-speaking teachers’ written feedback practices in the Chinese tertiary context. Our (...)
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  216.  2
    Segmentation of Rhythmic Units in Word Speech by Japanese Infants and Toddlers.Yeonju Cheong & Izumi Uehara - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    When infants and toddlers are confronted with sequences of sounds, they are required to segment the sounds into meaningful units to achieve sufficient understanding. Rhythm has been regarded as a crucial cue for segmentation of speech sounds. Although previous intermodal methods indicated that infants and toddlers could detect differences in speech sounds based on stress-timed and syllable-timed units, these methods could not clearly indicate how infants and toddlers perform sound segmentation. Thus, the present study examined whether Japanese infants and toddlers (...)
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  217. The Association Between Relationship Events and Experiences and Partner Evaluations: An Ideal Standards Perspective.Susan Chesterman, Gery C. Karantzas & Emma M. Marshall - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Drawing on the Ideal Standards Model, the current study investigated whether the relationship events and experiences that occur on a given day in romantic relationships were associated with partner evaluations. Individuals in a current romantic relationship completed daily measures of positive and negative relationship events and experiences and partner evaluations for seven consecutive days. As hypothesized, findings demonstrated that on a given day negative relationship events and experiences were associated with evaluating partners as falling short of mate ideals, while positive (...)
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  218. Is Mindfulness Linked to Life Satisfaction? Testing Savoring Positive Experiences and Gratitude as Mediators.Rebecca Y. M. Cheung & Elsa Ngar-Sze Lau - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Grounded in Mindfulness-to-Meaning Theory, this study examined the relation between dispositional mindfulness and life satisfaction through mediating mechanisms including savoring positive experiences and gratitude. A total of 133 Chinese mindfulness practitioners at 20–72 years old were recruited from a 3-day transnational meditation event in Hong Kong. Findings based on structural equation modeling indicated that controlling for sex, age, education, family income, number of hours of mindfulness practice per week, and type of administration, dispositional mindfulness was associated with satisfaction with life (...)
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  219.  1
    Passion and Persistence: Investigating the Relationship Between Adverse Childhood Experiences and Grit in College Students in China.Shannon Cheung, Chien-Chung Huang & Congcong Zhang - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Adverse childhood experiences are known to have deleterious effects on individuals across the life span, but less is known about how they affect grit, a strong predictor of achievements and well-being. This study seeks to investigate the effect of ACEs on grit in a sample of Chinese college students during the COVID-19 pandemic. Data were collected from 1,871 students across 12 universities in China. Findings indicated a significant effect of ACEs on grit, particularly abuse and neglect dimensions of ACE. Since (...)
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  220.  1
    Home Literacy and Numeracy Environments in Asia.Sum Kwing Cheung, Katrina May Dulay, Xiujie Yang, Fateme Mohseni & Catherine McBride - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    The home learning environment includes what parents do to stimulate children’s literacy and numeracy skills at home and their overall beliefs and attitudes about children’s learning. The home literacy and numeracy environments are two of the most widely discussed aspects of the home learning environment, and past studies have identified how socioeconomic status and parents’ own abilities and interest in these domains also play a part in shaping children’s learning experiences. However, these studies are mostly from the West, and there (...)
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  221.  2
    Visitor Attitudes Toward Little Penguins (Eudyptula Minor) at Two Australian Zoos.Samantha J. Chiew, Paul H. Hemsworth, Vicky Melfi, Sally L. Sherwen, Alicia Burns & Grahame J. Coleman - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    This study identified and compared the attitudes of visitors toward zoo-housed little penguins, their enclosure and visitor experience that may influence the way visitors behave toward little penguins at two Australian zoos. Visitor attitudes were assessed using an anonymous questionnaire, targeting visitor beliefs, and experiences, where visitors were randomly approached at the penguin exhibit after they had finished viewing the penguins. Visitors were given two options to complete the questionnaire, on an iPad during their zoo visit or online after their (...)
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  222. The Potential Role of Awe for Depression: Reassembling the Puzzle.Alice Chirico & Andrea Gaggioli - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Recently, interest in the unique pathways linking discrete positive emotions to specific health outcomes has gained increasing attention, but the role of awe is yet to be elucidated. Awe is a complex and transformative emotion that can restructure individuals' mental frames so deeply that it could be considered a therapeutic asset for major mental health major issues, including depression. Despite sparse evidence showing a potential connection between depression and awe, this link has not been combined into a proposal resulting in (...)
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  223. Skin Conductance Responses of Learner and Licensed Drivers During a Hazard Perception Task.Theresa J. Chirles, Johnathon P. Ehsani, Neale Kinnear & Karen E. Seymour - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Background: While advanced driver assistance technologies have the potential to increase safety, there is concern that driver inattention resulting from overreliance on these features may result in crashes. Driver monitoring technologies to assess a driver’s state may be one solution. The purpose of this study was to replicate and extend the research on physiological responses to common driving hazards and examine how these may differ based on driving experience.Methods: Learner and Licensed drivers viewed a Driving Hazard Perception Task while electrodermal (...)
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  224.  1
    Mothers as Home DJs: Recorded Music and Young Children’s Well-Being During the COVID-19 Pandemic.Eun Cho & Beatriz Senoi Ilari - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    As the COVID-19 pandemic continues to disrupt our lives in unimagined ways, families are reinventing daily rituals, and this is likely true for musical rituals. This study explored how parents with young children used recorded music in their everyday lives during the pandemic. Mothers of child aged 18 months to 5 years living in the United States played the role of home DJ over a period of one week by strategically crafting the sonic home environment, based on resources provided by (...)
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  225. Touchscreens for Whom? Working Memory and Age Moderate the Impact of Contingency on Toddlers' Transfer From Video.Koeun Choi, Heather L. Kirkorian & Tiffany A. Pempek - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Toddlers exhibit poor transfer between video and real-world contexts. Contingently responsive video such as that found in touchscreen apps appears to assist transfer for some toddlers but not others. This study investigated the extent to which toddlers' working memory moderates the impact of contingency on toddler's transfer of learning from video. Toddlers watched a hiding event on either contingent video that advanced only after touch input or non-contingent video that proceeded automatically. Toddlers then searched for a corresponding object on a (...)
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  226. Physical Activity Is Associated With Improved Eating Habits During the COVID-19 Pandemic.Diego G. D. Christofaro, André O. Werneck, William R. Tebar, Mara C. Lofrano-Prado, Joao Paulo Botero, Gabriel G. Cucato, Neal Malik, Marilia A. Correia, Raphael M. Ritti-Dias & Wagner L. Prado - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    The aim of this study was to analyze the association between physical activity and eating habits during the COVID-19 pandemic among Brazilian adults. A sample of 1,929 participants answered an online survey, however 1,874 were included in the analysis. The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on eating habits was assessed inquiring about participants' intake of fruits, vegetables, fried foods, and sweets during the pandemic. Physical activity was assessed by asking participants about their weekly frequency, intensity and number of minutes/hours engaging (...)
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  227.  1
    Roles of Anxiety and Depression in Predicting Cardiovascular Disease Among Patients With Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: A Machine Learning Approach.Haiyun Chu, Lu Chen, Xiuxian Yang, Xiaohui Qiu, Zhengxue Qiao, Xuejia Song, Erying Zhao, Jiawei Zhou, Wenxin Zhang, Anam Mehmood, Hui Pan & Yanjie Yang - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Cardiovascular disease is a major complication of type 2 diabetes mellitus. In addition to traditional risk factors, psychological determinants play an important role in CVD risk. This study applied Deep Neural Network to develop a CVD risk prediction model and explored the bio-psycho-social contributors to the CVD risk among patients with T2DM. From 2017 to 2020, 834 patients with T2DM were recruited from the Department of Endocrinology, Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University, China. In this cross-sectional study, the patients' bio-psycho-social (...)
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  228. The Impact of Transformational Leadership on Physicians’ Performance in China: A Cross-Level Mediation Model.Haiyun Chu, Binbin Qiang, Jiawei Zhou, Xiaohui Qiu, Xiuxian Yang, Zhengxue Qiao, Xuejia Song, Erying Zhao, Depin Cao & Yanjie Yang - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Transformational leadership has been becoming increasingly vital to the provision of high-quality health care, particularly during major public health emergencies. The present study aims to investigate the impact of transformational leadership on physicians’ performance and explore the cross-level underlying mechanisms with achievement motivations and coping styles among Chinese physicians. During 2017–2019, 1,527 physicians of 101 departments were recruited from six hospitals in China with a cluster random sampling method. Participants completed several questionnaires regarding their job performance, achievement motivations, coping styles, (...)
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  229. Attention or Distraction? The Impact of Mobile Phone on Users' Psychological Well-Being.Jianxun Chu, Sara Qaisar, Zakir Shah & Afsheen Jalil - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Cumulative evidence has demonstrated that mobile phone distraction, in particular among emerging adults, is a growing problem. Considerable efforts have been made to contribute to the literature by proposing cognitive emotion pre-occupation which acts as an underlying mechanism through which mobile phone distraction results in a reduction in psychological well-being. The proposed model is supported by distraction-conflict theory which reveals that users, with high attention control, are better at coping with the negative consequences of mobile phone distraction. The data, consisting (...)
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  230. Book Review: Technology and the Psychology of Second Language Learners and Users. [REVIEW]Yang Chunhong - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
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  231. Academic Stress and Emotional Well-Being in United States College Students Following Onset of the COVID-19 Pandemic.Alison Clabaugh, Juan F. Duque & Logan J. Fields - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    COVID-19 has resulted in extraordinary disruptions to the higher education landscape. Here, we provide a brief report on 295 students’ academic perceptions and emotional well-being in late May 2020. Students reported the high levels of uncertainty regarding their academic futures as well as significant levels of stress and difficulty coping with COVID-19 disruptions. These outcomes were related to the higher levels of neuroticism and an external locus of control. Female students reported worse emotional well-being compared to males, and the students (...)
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  232.  1
    “Doing Things Together Is What It’s About”: An Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis of the Experience of Group Therapeutic Songwriting From the Perspectives of People With Dementia and Their Family Caregivers.Imogen N. Clark, Felicity A. Baker, Jeanette Tamplin, Young-Eun C. Lee, Alice Cotton & Phoebe A. Stretton-Smith - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    BackgroundThe wellbeing of people living with dementia and their family caregivers may be impacted by stigma, changing roles, and limited access to meaningful opportunities as a dyad. Group therapeutic songwriting and qualitative interviews have been utilized in music therapy research to promote the voices of people with dementia and family caregivers participating in separate songwriting groups but not together as dyads.ProceduresThis study aimed to explore how ten people with dementia/family caregiver dyads experienced a 6-week group TSW program. Dyads participated in (...)
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  233.  1
    Effects of Mental Fatigue in Total Running Distance and Tactical Behavior During Small-Sided Games: A Systematic Review With a Meta-Analysis in Youth and Young Adult's Soccer Players.Filipe Manuel Clemente, Rodrigo Ramirez-Campillo, Daniel Castillo, Javier Raya-González, Ana Filipa Silva, José Afonso, Hugo Sarmento, Thomas Rosemann & Beat Knechtle - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Background: Mental fatigue can impact physical demands and tactical behavior in sport-related contexts. Small-sided games are often used to develop a specific sport-related context. However, the effects of mental fatigue on physical demands and tactical behaviors during soccer SSGs have not been aggregated for systematical assessment.Objective: This systematic review was conducted to compare the effects of mental fatigue vs. control conditions in terms of the total running distance and tactical behavior of soccer players during SSGs.Methods: The data sources utilized were (...)
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  234. Spatial Thinking in Term and Preterm-Born Preschoolers: Relations to Parent–Child Speech and Gesture.Sam Clingan-Siverly, Paige M. Nelson, Tilbe Göksun & Ö. Ece Demir-Lira - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Spatial skills predict important life outcomes, such as mathematical achievement or entrance into Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics disciplines. Children significantly vary in their spatial performance even before they enter formal schooling. One correlate of children's spatial performance is the spatial language they produce and hear from others, such as their parents. Because the emphasis has been on spatial language, less is known about the role of hand gestures in children's spatial development. Some children are more likely to fall behind (...)
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  235.  1
    BeatWalk: Personalized Music-Based Gait Rehabilitation in Parkinson’s Disease.Valérie Cochen De Cock, Dobromir Dotov, Loic Damm, Sandy Lacombe, Petra Ihalainen, Marie Christine Picot, Florence Galtier, Cindy Lebrun, Aurélie Giordano, Valérie Driss, Christian Geny, Ainara Garzo, Erik Hernandez, Edith Van Dyck, Marc Leman, Rudi Villing, Benoit G. Bardy & Simone Dalla Bella - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Taking regular walks when living with Parkinson’s disease has beneficial effects on movement and quality of life. Yet, patients usually show reduced physical activity compared to healthy older adults. Using auditory stimulation such as music can facilitate walking but patients vary significantly in their response. An individualized approach adapting musical tempo to patients’ gait cadence, and capitalizing on these individual differences, is likely to provide a rewarding experience, increasing motivation for walk-in PD. We aim to evaluate the observance, safety, tolerance, (...)
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  236.  1
    University Social Responsibility, Service Learning, and Students' Personal, Professional, and Civic Education.Márcia Coelho & Isabel Menezes - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    The long-standing vision of universities as the “alma mater” of students and graduates is a demonstration of its role as sustaining the person, the expert/professional, and the citizen. This role has persisted in the face of rising global challenges such as the emergence of new learning spaces, the growing diversity of publics, the call for productivity and performativity, and the hope for a significant engagement with the community and the public good. These sometimes conflicting tendencies have also stimulated higher education (...)
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  237.  3
    The Experiences of Mid-Career and Seasoned Orchestral Musicians in the UK During the First COVID-19 Lockdown.Susanna Cohen & Jane Ginsborg - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    The introduction of social distancing, as part of efforts to try and curb the spread of the COVID-19 pandemic, has brought about drastic disruption to the world of the performing arts. In the UK the majority of professional orchestral musicians are freelance and therefore self-employed. These players, previously engaged in enjoyable, busy, successful, portfolio careers, are currently unable to earn a living carrying out their everyday work of performing music, and their future working lives are surrounded by great uncertainty. The (...)
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  238. Creative Thinking in Tourette's Syndrome: An Uncharted Topic.Laura Colautti, Sara Magenes, Sabrina Rago, Carlotta Zanaboni Dina, Alice Cancer & Alessandro Antonietti - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
  239. Community Case Study: Stack Up’s Overwatch Program, an Online Suicide Prevention and Peer Support Program for Video Gamers.Michelle Colder Carras, Mathew Bergendahl & Alain B. Labrique - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Traditional mental health services are often not enough to meet the needs of people at risk for suicide, especially in populations where help-seeking is stigmatized. Stack Up, a non-profit veteran organization whose goal is to use video games to bring veterans together, recognized a need in its gaming-focused online community and created the Overwatch Program. This suicide prevention and crisis intervention program is delivered entirely through the Internet by trained community members through Discord text and voice chat. By combining aspects (...)
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  240.  2
    Political Identity Over Personal Impact: Early U.S. Reactions to the COVID-19 Pandemic.Robert N. Collins, David R. Mandel & Sarah S. Schywiola - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Research suggests political identity has strong influence over individuals’ attitudes and beliefs, which in turn can affect their behavior. Likewise, firsthand experience with an issue can also affect attitudes and beliefs. A large survey of Americans was analyzed to investigate the effects of both political identity and personal impact on individuals’ reactions to the COVID-19 pandemic. Results show that political identity and personal impact influenced the American public’s attitudes about and response to COVID-19. Consistent with prior research, political identity exerted (...)
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  241. Editorial: The Comparative Psychology of Intelligence: Macphail Revisited.Michael Colombo, Damian Scarf & Tom Zentall - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
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  242.  2
    Processing of Ordinal Information in Math-Anxious Individuals.Àngels Colomé & Maria Isabel Núñez-Peña - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    This study aimed to investigate whether the ordinal judgments of high math-anxious and low math-anxious individuals differ. Two groups of 20 participants with extreme scores on the Shortened Mathematics Anxiety Rating Scale had to decide whether a triplet of numbers was presented in ascending order. Triplets could contain one-digit or two-digit numbers and be formed by consecutive numbers, numbers with a constant distance of two or three or numbers with variable distances between them. All these triplets were also presented unordered: (...)
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  243. A Scientometric Systematic Review of Entrepreneurial Wellbeing Knowledge Production.Nicolás Contreras-Barraza, Juan Felipe Espinosa-Cristia, Guido Salazar-Sepulveda, Alejandro Vega-Muñoz & Antonio Ariza-Montes - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    This article presents a scientometric study regarding entrepreneurship and its relationship with wellbeing. The study presents a systematic review and measures impact and relational character to identify the relevance of countries, research organizations, and authors in the field of entrepreneurial wellbeing. The study poses the following research questions: What is the nature of the evolution of scientific knowledge in the entrepreneurial wellbeing field? What is the nature of the concentration in terms of geographical distribution and co-authorship level of knowledge production (...)
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  244. Usability and User Experience of Cognitive Intervention Technologies for Elderly People With MCI or Dementia: A Systematic Review.Leslie María Contreras-Somoza, Eider Irazoki, José Miguel Toribio-Guzmán, Isabel de la Torre-Díez, Angie Alejandra Diaz-Baquero, Esther Parra-Vidales, María Victoria Perea-Bartolomé & Manuel Ángel Franco-Martín - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    IntroductionIncorporating technology in cognitive interventions represents an innovation, making them more accessible, flexible, and cost-effective. This will not be feasible without adequate user-technology fit. Bearing in mind the importance of developing cognitive interventions whose technology is appropriate for elderly people with cognitive impairment, the objective of this systematic review was to find evidence about usability and user experience measurements and features of stimulation, training, and cognitive rehabilitation technologies for older adults with mild cognitive impairment or dementia.MethodThe Medline, PubMed, Scopus, ScienceDirect, (...)
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  245.  2
    The Psychodynamic Approach During COVID-19 Emotional Crisis.Ciro Conversano - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
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  246. Psychological Factors as Determinants of Chronic Conditions: Clinical and Psychodynamic Advances.Ciro Conversano & Mariagrazia Di Giuseppe - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
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  247. Development of Attention and Accuracy in Learning a Categorization Task.Leonora C. Coppens, Christine E. S. Postema, Anne Schüler, Katharina Scheiter & Tamara van Gog - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Being able to categorize objects as similar or different is an essential skill. An important aspect of learning to categorize is learning to attend to relevant features and ignore irrelevant features of the to-be-categorized objects. Feature variability across objects of different categories is informative, because it allows inferring the rules underlying category membership. In this study, participants learned to categorize fictitious creatures. We measured attention to the aliens during learning using eye-tracking and calculated the attentional focus as the ratio of (...)
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  248. Positive Psychology Micro-Coaching Intervention: Effects on Psychological Capital and Goal-Related Self-Efficacy.Alina Corbu, María Josefina Peláez Zuberbühler & Marisa Salanova - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Positive Psychological Coaching is receiving increasing attention within the organizational field because of its potential benefits for employees’ development and well-being. The main aim of this study was to test the impact of a Positive Psychological Micro-Coaching program on non-executive workers’ psychological capital, and analyze how goal-related self-efficacy predicts goal attainment during the coaching process. Following a control trial design, 60 non-executive employees from an automotive industry company participated in a Positive Psychological Micro-Coaching program over a period of 5 weeks. (...)
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  249. Corrigendum: Positive Psychology Micro-Coaching Intervention: Effects on Psychological Capital and Goal-Related Self-Efficacy.Alina Corbu, María Josefina Peláez Zuberbühler & Marisa Salanova - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
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  250.  1
    Positive Environments and Precautionary Behaviors During the COVID-19 Outbreak.Víctor Corral-Verdugo, Nadia S. Corral-Frías, Martha Frías-Armenta, Marc Yancy Lucas & Edgar F. Peña-Torres - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Theoretically, a positive environment includes tangible and intangible resources that satisfy human needs, enablers of healthy, pro-social, and pro-environmental behaviors that guarantee socio-environmental quality and wellbeing, and environmental challenges that must be faced and solved. One of the most salient challenges is the global COVID-19 pandemic. This study sought to investigate whether PEs can stimulate responsible actions, while maintaining personal wellbeing. Nine hundred and forty-nine Mexicans participated in an online survey encompassing five primary factors: resources, enablers, challenges, responsible health behaviors, (...)
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  251. What Makes Mental Modeling Difficult? Normative Data for the Multidimensional Relational Reasoning Task.Robert A. Cortes, Adam B. Weinberger, Griffin A. Colaizzi, Grace F. Porter, Emily L. Dyke, Holly O. Keaton, Dakota L. Walker & Adam E. Green - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Relational reasoning is a complex form of human cognition involving the evaluation of relations between mental representations of information. Prior studies have modified stimulus properties of relational reasoning problems and examined differences in difficulty between different problem types. While subsets of these stimulus properties have been addressed in separate studies, there has not been a comprehensive study, to our knowledge, which investigates all of these properties in the same set of stimuli. This investigative gap has resulted in different findings across (...)
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  252. Social Support and Cognition: A Systematic Review.Stefanella Costa-Cordella, Camilo Arevalo-Romero, Francisco J. Parada & Alejandra Rossi - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Although the influence of social support in health is a widely acknowledged factor, there is a significant gap in the understanding of its role on cognition. The purpose of this systematic review was, therefore, to determine the state-of-the-art on the literature testing the association between social support and cognition. Using six databases, we identified 22 articles published between 1999 and 2019 involving an empirical quantitative focus which meet the inclusion criteria. Data extraction was performed following PRISMA recommendations. To summarize the (...)
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  253.  3
    Locus of Control and Negative Cognitive Styles in Adolescence as Risk Factors for Depression Onset in Young Adulthood: Findings From a Prospective Birth Cohort Study.Ilaria Costantini, Alex S. F. Kwong, Daniel Smith, Melanie Lewcock, Deborah A. Lawlor, Paul Moran, Kate Tilling, Jean Golding & Rebecca M. Pearson - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Whilst previous observational studies have linked negative thought processes such as an external locus of control and holding negative cognitive styles with depression, the directionality of these associations and the potential role that these factors play in the transition to adulthood and parenthood has not yet been investigated. This study examined the association between locus of control and negative cognitive styles in adolescence and probable depression in young adulthood and whether parenthood moderated these associations. Using a UK prospective population-based birth (...)
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  254. “What If We Get Sick?”: Spanish Adaptation and Validation of the Fear of Illness and Virus Evaluation Scale in a Non-Clinical Sample Exposed to the COVID-19 Pandemic.Marianne Cottin, Cristóbal Hernández, Catalina Núñez, Nicolás Labbé, Yamil Quevedo, Antonella Davanzo & Alex Behn - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Distinct sources of stress have emerged during the COVID-19 pandemic. Particularly, fear is expected to generate significant psychological burden on individuals and influence on either unsafe behavior that may hinder recovery efforts or virus-mitigating behaviors. However, little is known about the properties of measures to capture them in research and clinical settings. To resolve this gap, we evaluated the psychometric properties of a novel measure of fear of illness and viruses and tested its predictive value for future development of distress. (...)
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  255. Dunning-Kruger Effect: Intuitive Errors Predict Overconfidence on the Cognitive Reflection Test.Mariana V. C. Coutinho, Justin Thomas, Alia S. M. Alsuwaidi & Justin J. Couchman - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    The Cognitive Reflection Test is a measure of analytical reasoning that cues an intuitive but incorrect response that must be rejected for successful performance to be attained. The CRT yields two types of errors: Intuitive errors, which are attributed to Type 1 processes; and non-intuitive errors, which result from poor numeracy skills or deficient reasoning. Past research shows that participants who commit the highest numbers of errors on the CRT overestimate their performance the most, whereas those with the lowest error-rates (...)
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  256.  3
    The Influence of Parents, Coaches, and Peers in the Long-Term Development of Highly Skilled and Less Skilled Volleyball Players.Patrícia Coutinho, João Ribeiro, Sara Mesquita da Silva, António M. Fonseca & Isabel Mesquita - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    The purpose of this study was to understand the perceptions of highly skilled and less skilled volleyball players about the influences that parents, coaches, and peers had on their sport development and performance achievement. Highly skilled and less skilled volleyball players participated in semi-structured retrospective interviews to explain how parents, coaches and peers may have influenced their sport participation. Data was analyzed through a process of content analysis. Results indicated that parents, coaches, and peers had an important influence in player's (...)