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  1.  1
    “Under the Sword of Damocles”: Psychologists Relate Their Experience of a Professional Misconduct Complaint.Hanlé Kirkcaldy, Esmé van Rensburg & Kobus du Plooy - 2022 - Ethics and Behavior 32 (5):401-412.
    ABSTRACT Health practitioners run the risk of ethical board complaints or legal action against them in their professional careers. This experience can have a detrimental impact on personal wellness and professional practice. This study reports on the subjective experience of ten South African psychologists who received complaints. Semi structured interviews were conducted, and the transcripts analyzed using interpretative phenomenological analysis. The data indicates that the participants experienced the effects of a complaint on an intensely personal level and the experience of (...)
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  2.  4
    How Does Moral Identity Promote Employee Voice Behavior? The Roles of Work Engagement and Leader Secure-Base Support.Na-Ting Liu, Shu-Chen Chen & Wei-Chu Lee - 2022 - Ethics and Behavior 32 (5):449-467.
    ABSTRACT This study seeks exploration of how employees’ moral identity is related to voice behavior in the current organizational dynamics. By integrating the self-consistency theory with a situational strength perspective, a moderated mediation model was constructed to examine connections among moral identity, leader secure-base support, work engagement, and voice behavior. Surveys were collected at 2 time points, 1 month apart, from 206 full-time employees in various organizations and industries in Taiwan. Supporting results indicated that employees’ moral identity was positively related (...)
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  3. Materiality of Conflict of Interest in Informed Consent to Medical Treatment in the United Kingdom.J. O’Neill - 2022 - Ethics and Behavior 32 (5):375-400.
    ABSTRACT The UK Supreme Court ruling of Montgomery v Lanarkshire clarified that in obtaining informed consent to treatment, practitioners are under a duty to inform patients of material risks. Traditionally such risk has pertained to the clinical risks inherent to treatment. In examining empirical and judicial evidence, this paper makes the case for disclosure of potent financial interests; with potency relating to those interests likely to have greatest influence over practice. The paper explores how financial interests may detrimentally influence practice (...)
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  4. Privileged Professionalisms: Using Co-Cultural Communication to Strengthen Inclusivity in Professionalism Education and Community Formation.Elizabeth S. Parks & Janeta F. Tansey - 2022 - Ethics and Behavior 32 (5):431-448.
    ABSTRACT Perpetuation of privileged norming in organizations threatens the fragile hope that the theory and practice of professionalism can evolve alongside commitments to equity and inclusion. Uncritical engagement with a normative professionalism can lead to the muting of differences and strengths that diverse standpoints offer to professional communities. We look to the field of Medicine as an example for other professional groups, in which experts have criticized its development of a normative professionalism shaped by, retaining, and sustaining privilege. Using a (...)
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  5.  3
    When Will an Unethical Follower Receive Poor Performance Ratings? It Depends on the Leader’s Moral Characteristics.Guanglei Zhang, Jianghua Mao & Beier Hong - 2022 - Ethics and Behavior 32 (5):413-430.
    ABSTRACT Leaders have been thought to play a vital role in influencing employees’ unethical behavior. However, what happens to leaders and followers in the aftermath of unethical conduct has received little attention in the literature. Drawing from the correspondent inference theory, we examine the conditions under which leaders attribute their followers’ unethical behavior to poor moral character and eventually assign them low performance ratings. Through a two-wave research design and data from 290 matched employee–leader dyads, we found that a leader (...)
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  6.  18
    The Danger of “Fake News”: How Using Social Media for Information Dissemination Can Inhibit the Ethical Decision Making Process.Rahul S. Chauhan, Shane Connelly, David C. Howe, Andrew T. Soderberg & Marisa Crisostomo - 2022 - Ethics and Behavior 32 (4):287-306.
    ABSTRACT Social media is becoming increasingly embedded in people’s daily lives. These virtual spaces are now regularly used as a tool for information dissemination. Drawing on the moral intensity literature combined with uses and gratifications theory, this research explores how using social media to consume information can affect the ethical decision-making process. This study compares the influence of two online media dissemination formats – an online news article and social media discussion thread – on individuals’ ethical perceptions and decisions. Results (...)
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  7.  4
    Looking Around and Looking Ahead: Forecasting and Moral Intensity in Ethical Decision-Making.Mark Fichtel, Yash Gujar, Chanda Sanders, Cory Higgs, Tristan McIntosh, Shane Connelly & Michael D. Mumford - 2022 - Ethics and Behavior 32 (4):326-343.
    ABSTRACT Prior studies have examined the impacts of sensemaking processes, such as forecasting, on ethical decision making but only a few have considered how aspects of the ethical issue itself, such as social consensus and magnitude of consequences, might interact with sensemaking processes to influence EDM. The present effort examines both forecasting and moral intensity, as well as their interactions, during the EDM process. Participants in this study were given an ethical scenario with either a high or low degree of (...)
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  8.  3
    Differentiating Between Gift Giving and Bribing in China: A Guanxi Perspective.Peikai Li, Jian-Min Sun & Toon W. Taris - 2022 - Ethics and Behavior 32 (4):307-325.
    ABSTRACT Although scholars have long been interested in distinguishing gift giving from bribery, the impact of the degree of guanxi between a giver and a recipient on this distinction remains unclear. Drawing on a bystander perspective, this paper investigates how people distinguish between two types of giving behavior: gift giving and bribing. In three studies, we examined how guanxi, the price of a present, and the motivation for giving a present influence people’s perception of a present. The results largely supported (...)
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  9.  5
    The Role of Sensory Processing Sensitivity and Analytic Mind-Set in Ethical Decision-Making.Robert Redfearn & Cheryl K. Stenmark - 2022 - Ethics and Behavior 32 (4):344-358.
    ABSTRACT Sensory Processing Sensitivity is an individual difference that affects people’s thinking and behavior. People who are high in SPS, Highly Sensitive People, are more sensitive to stimuli and prefer to take their time in thinking through problems. This study examined the effects of SPS and analytic mind-set on ethical decision-making. Mind-Set was manipulated by instructing participants to either think thoroughly through the ethical problem or focus on finding a concrete, practical solution when solving the problems. HSPs performed better in (...)
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  10.  3
    Nonsmokers-Only Hiring Policies: Personal Liberty Vs. Promoting Public Health.Wendell C. Taylor & William J. Winslade - 2022 - Ethics and Behavior 32 (4):359-373.
    ABSTRACT There is a fierce debate about nonsmokers-only hiring policies, also referred to as no-nicotine hiring policies and “tobacco free” hiring policies. The favorable outcomes of no-nicotine hiring policies include reduced health costs, improved worker productivity, enhanced organizational image, and symbolic messaging. The unfavorable consequences of such policies include violating personal liberty, risking a “slippery slope” to other health-compromising behaviors, exacerbating socio-economic disparities, and discriminating against smokers. No-nicotine hiring policies have not been adequately evaluated and a new approach is warranted. (...)
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  11.  5
    Measuring Students’ Attitudes Toward Plagiarism.Rayees Farooq & Almaas Sultana - 2022 - Ethics and Behavior 32 (3):210-224.
    ABSTRACT The purpose of the study is to validate a scale to measure attitudes toward plagiarism. The survey questionnaire was administered to a purposive sample of 300 graduate Ph.D. students from private, state, and central universities. A confirmatory factor analysis was used to validate attitudes and subjective norms toward plagiarism. The scale demonstrated good internal consistency, composite reliability, and construct validity. Positive attitudes toward plagiarism, negative attitudes toward plagiarism, and subjective norms demonstrated a high level of convergence among the items (...)
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  12.  11
    Ethical Decision-Making Models: A Taxonomy of Models and Review of Issues.Melanie K. Johnson, Sean N. Weeks, Gretchen Gimpel Peacock & Melanie M. Domenech Rodríguez - 2022 - Ethics and Behavior 32 (3):195-209.
    ABSTRACT A discussion of ethical decision-making literature is overdue. In this article, we summarize the current literature of ethical decision-making models used in mental health professions. Of 1,520 articles published between 2001 and 2020 that met initial search criteria, 38 articles were included. We report on the status of empirical evidence for the use of these models along with comparisons, limitations, and considerations. Ethical decision-making models were synthesized into eight core procedural components and presented based on the composition of steps (...)
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  13.  5
    Ethical Dilemmas in Psychological Services in Ghana: The Views of Clinical Psychologists.Vida Badu Oppong, Joseph Osafo & Angela Ofori-Atta - 2022 - Ethics and Behavior 32 (3):273-284.
    ABSTRACT Ethics reflects the moral principles upon which most professional practices rest. It forms the basis to do good, to do no harm, to respect others, and ensure justice. The purpose of this study was to investigate ethical dilemmas experienced by 20 clinical psychologists in Ghana. Semi-structured interviews were used to investigate ethical dilemmas faced in professional practice. Using thematic analysis, the reported dilemmas included third-party involvement,, Dual relationships, Cultural competence, and Policies and practices. The findings showed that although some (...)
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  14.  3
    Could “The Wonder Equation” Help Us to Be More Ethical? A Personal Reflection.Margaret A. Somerville - 2022 - Ethics and Behavior 32 (3):226-240.
    ABSTRACT This is a personal reflection on what I have learnt as an academic, researching, teaching and participating in the public square in Bioethics for over four decades. I describe a helix metaphor for understanding the evolution of values and the current “culture wars” between “progressive” and “conservative” values adherents, the uncertainty people’s “mixed values packages” engender, and disagreement in prioritizing individual rights and the “common good”. I propose, as a way forward, that individual and collective experiences of “amazement, wonder (...)
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  15.  6
    Ethics in Integrated Health Care: Social Workers’ Perspective.Suzie S. Weng - 2022 - Ethics and Behavior 32 (3):259-272.
    ABSTRACT The proliferation of integrated health care in which a holistic approach of physical and behavioral health is addressed by multiple providers is quickly evolving to be the standard of care in the United States. Social workers are well-suited to be key members of these interdisciplinary teams. As a reference point for professional conduct, social workers are guided by a set of ethical standards. Given the nature of integrated healthcare settings, social workers may encounter unprecedented ethical challenges. This study provides (...)
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  16.  4
    Role of Moral Judgment in Peers’ Vicarious Learning From Employees’ Unethical Pro-Organizational Behavior.Kai Zeng, Duanxu Wang, Weize Huang, Zhengwei Li & Xianwei Zheng - 2022 - Ethics and Behavior 32 (3):239-258.
    ABSTRACT By integrating theories of social learning and moral judgment, we developed a theoretical model on whether and when peers imitate employees’ unethical pro-organizational behavior in the workplace. The study, which involved 256 employees in a large manufacturing company in China, revealed that employees’ UPB positively predicted peers’ vicarious learning of UPB, with the effect strengthened by employees’ organizational tenure but weakened by peers’ deontic injustice. Moreover, the positive effect of employees’ UPB on their peers’ vicarious learning was mitigated, and (...)
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  17.  4
    Ethical Behavior in Leadership: A Bibliometric Review of the Last Three Decades.María Pilar Gamarra & Michele Girotto - 2022 - Ethics and Behavior 32 (2):124-146.
    ABSTRACT Although much has been written about ethical behavior and leadership, few studies have analyzed the relationship between them. The purpose of this review is to identify the main research topics, their evolution over time, the areas and countries that dominate the focus of the research, the authors and journals, and the methodologies used. The authors identified 291 articles published in 65 Web of Science-indexed journals between 1987 and 2020. The review found that the knowledge base on leaders’ ethical behavior (...)
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  18.  4
    The New Bedlam: A Legal and Ethical Analysis of Commercial Mug Shot Websites.Jennifer L. Lanterman & Catherine A. Houk - 2022 - Ethics and Behavior 32 (2):178-193.
    ABSTRACT Legal and ethical concerns have been raised since the inception of the commercial mug shot website industry in the United States. These issues include the violation of the presumption of innocence, privacy interests, humiliation, extortion, and sensationalizing crime. These websites lend comparison to Bedlam asylum, which allowed visitors to mock and humiliate the patients. The popularity of these websites renders it essential that the legality and ethics of these websites be reevaluated. The deontological and utilitarian perspectives offer converging assessments (...)
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  19. Moral Decline in the Workplace: Unethical Pro-Organizational Behavior, Psychological Entitlement, and Leader Gratitude Expression.Feng Qin, Yannan Zhang, Silu Chen, Yanghao Zhu & Wenxing Liu - 2022 - Ethics and Behavior 32 (2):110-123.
    ABSTRACT Although unethical pro-organizational behavior in the workplace has been widely researched, studies have focused on its antecedents rather than its outcomes. To fill this gap in the literature, we integrated moral licensing theory and the literature on leader gratitude expression to explore the ethical consequences of UPB. Using a sample of multi-source time-lagged surveys of 206 leader–employee dyads, we found that the pro-organizational nature of UPB fostered employees’ psychological entitlement and thereby increased their likelihood of engaging in subsequent unethical (...)
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  20.  3
    Ethical Considerations for Psychologists Addressing Racial Trauma Experienced by Black Americans.Desmond Spann - 2022 - Ethics and Behavior 32 (2):99-109.
    ABSTRACT Recent police brutality has reminded people in the United States of America that racism and discrimination toward Black Americans is still prevalent. Evidence supports the claim that many Black Americans experience racial trauma due to the relatively common occurrence of discriminatory racial encounters in their life. Racial traumas are events of danger related to real or secondary experiences of racial discrimination that may cause psychological, emotional, or physical injury. The goal of this article is to identify the ethical complexities (...)
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  21.  3
    How Does Creativity Influence Dishonest Behavior? An Empirical Study of Chinese Students.Chen Zhang, Jixia Wu, Zhaoning Yang & Garon Perceval - 2022 - Ethics and Behavior 32 (2):147-161.
    ABSTRACT This research aims to clarify the relationship between creativity and dishonesty. Study 1 examined whether creativity primed by the scrambled sentence test could influence dishonesty. The results showed that primed individuals were less likely to act dishonestly. Study 2 investigated the association between creative style and spontaneous and instructed dishonesty. Rule-followers more often implemented spontaneous dishonest behavior but showed low accuracy in instructed lying tasks. The findings expand our understanding of the correlation between creativity and unethical behavior, which may (...)
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  22.  2
    Is a Mindful Worker More Attentive? The Role of Moral Self-Efficacy and Moral Disengagement.Zhenduo Zhang, Junwei Zheng, Bao Cheng & Jie Zhong - 2022 - Ethics and Behavior 32 (2):162-177.
    ABSTRACT This paper aims to provide a comprehensive insight into the role of mindfulness in organizational settings. A daily experience sampling method was used to explore the mechanism through which state mindfulness influences employees’ work attentiveness. By collecting data from 153 full-time Chinese employees over 5 consecutive days, we used 765 matched cases to conduct a multilevel structural equation model with random slopes to test the conceptual model. The results showed that: 1) daily state mindfulness is positively related to employee (...)
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  23.  6
    Cultural and Psychological Variables Predicting Academic Dishonesty: A Cross-Sectional Study in Nine Countries.Agata Błachnio, Andrzej Cudo, Paweł Kot, Małgorzata Torój, Kwaku Oppong Asante, Violeta Enea, Menachem Ben-Ezra, Barbara Caci, Sergio Alexis Dominguez-Lara, Nuworza Kugbey, Sadia Malik, Rocco Servidio, Arun Tipandjan & Michelle F. Wright - 2022 - Ethics and Behavior 32 (1):44-89.
    ABSTRACT Academic dishonesty has serious consequences for human lives, social values, and economy. The main aim of the study was to explore a model of relations between personal and cultural variables and academic dishonesty. The participants in the study were N = 2,586 individuals from nine countries. The authors administered the Academic Dishonesty Scale to measure academic dishonesty, the Kessler Psychological Distress Scale to measure distress, the Almost Perfect Scale – Revised to measure perfectionism, the Brief Self-Control Scale to measure (...)
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  24.  8
    Accentuating Dark Triad Behavior Through Low Organizational Commitment: A Study on Peer Reporting.Brian D. Lyons, Nathan A. Bowling & Gary N. Burns - 2022 - Ethics and Behavior 32 (1):32-43.
    ABSTRACT The current study investigated the relationship of the Dark Triad with peer reporting, which occurs when an employee informs management that another coworker has engaged in counterproductive work behavior. We hypothesized that low organizational commitment would strengthen the negative relationships between each Dark Triad trait and peer reporting. Data from 281 employees suggested that low organizational commitment indeed strengthened the negative relationships between narcissism and the base rate of peer reporting CWBs and psychopathy and the base rate of peer (...)
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  25.  13
    Beliefs in Conspiracy Theories, Intolerance of Uncertainty, and Moral Disengagement During the Coronavirus Crisis.Alexandra Maftei & Andrei-Corneliu Holman - 2022 - Ethics and Behavior 32 (1):1-11.
    ABSTRACT This study investigated the effect of conspiracy ideation, moral disengagement, and intolerance of uncertainty on compliance with the anti-SARS-COV-2 social distancing rules and two other facets of people’s reactions toward the coronavirus crisis. A convenience sample of 245 Romanians completed an online survey in March 2020. Results indicate that conspiracy ideation is associated with lower assessments of virus risk and lower compliance with the confinement measures. Moral disengagement had a parallel effect of undermining personal compliance to the social distancing (...)
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  26.  6
    The Effects of Peer Influence, Honor Codes, and Personality Traits on Cheating Behavior in a University Setting.Alvin Malesky, Cathy Grist, Kendall Poovey & Nicole Dennis - 2022 - Ethics and Behavior 32 (1):12-21.
    ABSTRACT Most university students have engaged in some form of academic dishonesty. These actions can have detrimental consequences for the student, the university, and society at large. It is important to understand factors that contribute to academic dishonesty as well as to identify potential predictors of this behavior. This study employed an experimental design with 361 undergraduate students in a laboratory setting. Deception was used during the experiment to determine the impact of peer influence, personality, and an honor code on (...)
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  27.  9
    Basic Values Predict Unethical Behavior in Sport: The Case of Athletes’ Doping Likelihood.Christopher Ring, Maria Kavussanu, Bahri Gürpınar, Jean Whitehead & Hannah Mortimer - 2022 - Ethics and Behavior 32 (1):90-98.
    ABSTRACT Although basic values have been linked with unethical attitudes and behavior in non-sport contexts, their association with doping in sport has yet to be established. We examined the relationships between basic values and doping likelihood. College athletes rated the importance of basic values using the Portrait Values Questionnaire Revised and indicated their likelihood of doping in a hypothetical scenario. In terms of basic value dimensions, self-enhancement values were positively related to doping likelihood, openness to change values were unrelated to (...)
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  28.  8
    Ethical Perspectives in Sharing Digital Data for Public Health Surveillance Before and Shortly After the Onset of the Covid-19 Pandemic.Romina A. Romero & Sean D. Young - 2022 - Ethics and Behavior 32 (1):22-31.
    ABSTRACT Data from digital technologies are increasingly integrated in public health research. In April of 2020, we interviewed a subset of participants who completed a survey approximately one month earlier. Using the survey, we contacted and interviewed participants who had expressed their willingness or unwillingness to share digital data for use in public health. We followed a directed content analysis approach for the analysis of the interview data. Among participants who had reported being unwilling to share data, concerns about privacy, (...)
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