Dilemata

ISSN: 1989-7022

40 found

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  1.  1
    Elogio de lo literal. Una antropología (im)posible para la era del infotainment.Ricardo Gutiérrez Aguilar - 2022 - Dilemata 39:79-94.
    Present article aims at the exploration of consequences deriving from the brand new modes of digital and mass communication. These new modes bear on them a known effect on cognitive, social and political users. The new and privileged mode is oriented to a very particular use via its protocols –a means that reduces texts and interfaces to the tasks of algorithmic signs. The user is forced consequently to reduce her own texts' extension and content, so her communicative experiences, to a (...)
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  2.  1
    Reseña de: Siurana, Juan Carlos (2021): Ética para influencers.Esther Castellanos - 2022 - Dilemata 39.
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  3. Principios de ética en la pandemia.María Teresa López de la Vieja de la Torre - 2022 - Dilemata 39:51-59.
    There are several lessons to be learned from the COVID-19. The crisis of 2020 not only had exposed the vulnerability of populations but also several unequalities. In this sense, autonomy, equity, equality, and other ethical basic principles define what ought to be done and also the limits of action, “drawing the line”. Equity is a core principle in public health. Justice as fairness could exemplify the normative and cognitive dimensions of principles. Equality defines the line to close the gender gap, (...)
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  4.  1
    Una Crítica Al Pensamiento Reciente Del Magisterio Católico Sobre la Ética Animal.Jan Deckers - 2022 - Dilemata 39:33-49.
    In recent times, the Catholic Church magisterium published two influential texts with some significance for animal ethics: the Catechism of the Catholic Church, and the encyclical letter Laudato Si’. These texts are scrutinised in this article, focusing on the human consumption of animals for food. Whilst the concept of ‘intrinsic value’, which has dominated work in animal ethics, is applied to nonhuman animals, there is no rigorous analysis of what this concept might mean and of what its recognition might imply (...)
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  5.  2
    Razones personales en sentido amplio y largoplacismo.Amanda Briones Marrero - 2022 - Dilemata 39:5-13.
    The purpose of this article is to argue that wide person-affecting views are compatible with the defense of longtermism. To this end, I will first explain the basis of longtermism, that is, the view that we should be primarily concerned about the impact that our actions will have in the far future. Second, I will describe and compare the different positions that exist in population ethics. Next, I will point out the problematicity of narrow person-affecting views. Finally, I will evaluate (...)
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  6.  2
    Reseña de: Ferguson, Niall (2021): Desastre. Historia y política de las catástrofes.David Carrión Morillo - 2022 - Dilemata 39:95-97.
    Niall Ferguson lleva a cabo, en esta obra, un trabajo de gran envergadura al construir una teoría general de los desastres. No se trata solamente del coronavirus en particular, o las pandemias en general, sino de todo tipo de catástrofes, ya sean geológicas, geopolíticas, biológicas o tecnológicas. Si alguien quiere conocer, por tanto, qué lecciones pueden extraerse de los desastres, debe leer este libro.
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  7.  1
    Presentación.Melania Moscoso & Anibal Monasterio Astobiza - 2022 - Dilemata 39:1-4.
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  8.  2
    ¿Fosilizan los actos morales? Una contribución a la hipótesis de Darwin sobre el origen de la conciencia moral.Javier Romero Muñoz, José María Bermúdez de Castro, Eudald Carbonell & Carmen Velayos Castelo - 2022 - Dilemata 39:15-32.
    From a naturalistic approach, this article shows the importance of palaeoanthropological evidence in the study of the formation of moral conscience. From the analysis of Pleistocene fossil remains, we seek to deepen Darwin's hypothesis on the origin of moral conscience following his work The Origin of Man. From this point of view, moral conscience develops gradually and continuously during human evolution by means of genetic and cultural mechanisms. In a way, morality is part of our anthropological structure and the possibility (...)
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  9.  1
    La justificación del victimario como estrategia identitaria para el veterano de guerra.Alberto Murcia - 2022 - Dilemata 39:61-78.
    This paper, which is framed in the philosophical and psychological discussion about the narrative-self, analyzes the relation between the construction of the identity and the war veteran narratives about warfare. The hypothesis that I am assuming is that some war veterans use one sort of special kind of narrative, which is called the strategy of the uchronia, in order to avoid the Experience of harm. Looking closely at these narratives, it is possible to deduce from them that the veteran is (...)
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  10.  2
    Descolonizando la «Ética de la Inteligencia Artificial».Jonathan Piedra Alegría - 2022 - Dilemata 38:247-258.
    The first part of this paper contextualizes the debate on the ethical regulation of Artificial Intelligence, and then reviews the main Anglo-Eurocentric elements of public initiatives about the ‘Ethics of AI’ that have recently emerged. All this with the ultimate purpose of analyzing the basis of principlism of the Ethics of AI. We refer to this with the specific purpose of presenting it in terms of a paradigmatic case of ‘colonized’ ethics that hides the different moral judgments and the alternative (...)
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  11.  2
    La incertidumbre como antídoto para las desconfianzas e irresponsabilidades patológicas propias de nuestra era digital.Roberto R. Aramayo - 2022 - Dilemata 38:31-43.
    The digital era provides quick access to a lot of data that is often poorly substantiated and frequently designed to disinform or deny evidence that is inconvenient to certain interests. The constant and continuous use of technological devices that provide instant gratification imbues us with a certain arrogance, as if we could fulfill all our desires by sliding our finger across a screen. This relentless immersion in virtual reality blurs the real facts, the veracity of which we come to distrust, (...)
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  12.  3
    Queerentena y desinformación sobre minorías de género: Efectos en accesibilidad a servicios.Konstantinos Argyriou - 2022 - Dilemata 38:177-192.
    The covid-19 pandemic has supposed a greater marginalization of sexual and gender minorities. This marginalization has been an effect both of the public management’s prioritization of the epidemiological situation, and of a generalized social backlash attributed to the unprecedented lockdown conditions. Within this framework, and among other vulnerable social collectivities, trans people have seen their testimonies particularly unaddressed and exempt of credibility. Group dynamics of reinforcement of categories, as well as the dissemination of fake news through the Internet and the (...)
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  13.  2
    El discurso antifeminista en el tiempo de la posverdad.Marian Pérez Bernal - 2022 - Dilemata 38:147-162.
    While there has always been discourse seeking to discredit feminism and its proposals using false arguments, as the movement has gained ground, the effort to discredit it has increased. Based on cases reported by the media websites Maldita.es, in its section Maldito Feminism, Newtral.es and Efe Verifica, we point out the important presence of anti-feminist content in the disinformation present in social media. We analyse the underlying ideology and the reasons why this discourse is particularly damaging to the feminist movement (...)
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  14.  1
    Reseña de Historical Meta-Epistemology de Ian Hacking.Joaquín Berriel - 2022 - Dilemata 38:259-262.
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  15.  2
    Meritocracia, paranoia y desinformación: Una propuesta de ampliación de La tiranía del mérito.Oriol Navarro Erausquin - 2022 - Dilemata 38:135-146.
    Starting from the Michal Sandel's 2020 book "The Tyranny of Merit", in this essay we will study the resentment of white American workers without college degrees towards political, economic and social elites and its relationship to the phenomenon of disinformation and conspiracy theories, specifically the one known as QAnon. We will first explore Sandel's book and its relationship with paranoia and then we will expose the keys to the QAnon conspiracy theory, which will serve to compare the similarities between its (...)
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  16.  1
    Just for the lulz: Usos persuasivos del shitposting en la sociedad digital.Miguel Palomo García - 2022 - Dilemata 38:225-233.
    This paper seeks to comprehend the narratives that allow a persuasive use of shitposting and that indirectly cause ethical and political problems through ideological radicalization. We differentiate shitposting from memes, pointing out its ideological character as opposed to the ludic character that memes can have. Subsequently, we show examples of shitposting that encourage violence by some individuals, among which the Christchurch massacre stands out. Likewise, the emotional nature of shitposting is clarified and some philosophical incidences are pointed out, such as (...)
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  17.  1
    ¿Existen verdades morales? Una aproximación desde la ontología social de John Searle.Joan Manuel Segura Guiscafré - 2022 - Dilemata 38:45-58.
    According to the social ontology proposed by John Searle, there are ontologically objective facts or “brute facts”, independent from human attitudes, and ontologically subjective facts. Among the latter, the most notable are institutional facts, such as money or borders, which existence is explained through a collective attribution of status function within a certain social context. Could “moral truths” exist according to an ontology like this? Assuming the truth as correspondence, the notion of “moral truth” remits to the notion of “moral (...)
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  18.  2
    Opresión Epistémica en la Manosfera: Un Análisis Estructural de los Problemas de la Ignorancia Activa.Xiana Huete - 2022 - Dilemata 38:163-175.
    Different forms of oppression are exercised in the manosphere, some explicit and intentional and others implicit and structural. In this paper I assess, from a structural approach, the role that active ignorance plays in maintaining epistemic oppression on these websites, and to what extent this constitutes an obstacle to critical thinking. My argument is that the polarization motivated by the dynamics of the Internet promotes active ignorance, and consequently the resilience of unjust forms of organization is reinforced. Due to this, (...)
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  19.  3
    Democracia, desinformación y conocimiento político: algunas aclaraciones conceptuales.Rubén Marciel - 2022 - Dilemata 38:65-82.
    In this article I try to shed some light on the complex relation between democracy, political knowledge, and disinformation. To do so, I first define three related concepts which, once clarified, could facilitate our understanding of the problems digital democracies face. First, drawing from the general notion of competence, I define civic competence. Then, drawing from the general notion of knowledge, I define political knowledge. Finally, and drawing from the general notion of information, I define democratically relevant information. After clarifying (...)
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  20.  4
    Nobody Can Trust or Believe Anything: Brexit, Populism and Digital Politics.Diana Ortega Martín & Alejandro Sánchez Berrocal - 2022 - Dilemata 38:83-102.
    In this article, we focus on the link between the new populisms and the crisis of neoliberal capitalism, as well as its post-democratic forms of governance, in the context of digital politics and its social effects, such as the intense polarisation of public life or the distrust of citizens towards traditional forms of politics. Brexit is a paradigmatic case that encapsulates all of these problems and prompts us to think about how philosophy can challenge the way we understand contemporary political (...)
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  21.  3
    El discurso neomachista de la fundación 신 남성연대 (Solidaridad de Nuevos Hombres) en el ciberespacio: su difusión entre los jóvenes y su impacto en las políticas contemporáneas en Corea del Sur.Patricia Chica Morales & Aurelia Martín Casares - 2022 - Dilemata 38:193-207.
    This article analyzes the rise of contemporary neo-macho discourse in South Korea and its dissemination on online platforms of great accessibility for Korean and Asian youth in general. More specifically, it focuses on the discourse of the leader of 신 남성연대 in a long 40-minute interview published on one of the most impactful YouTube channels for Asian youth. In 2021, their demands focused, among other issues, on the need to end the Ministry of Gender Equality and Family of South Korea, (...)
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  22.  2
    Más allá –o más acá- de la mentira: la desinformación y los desafíos del debate público.Melania Moscoso - 2022 - Dilemata 38:1-4.
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  23.  3
    De la filosofía a la escuela memecrática. El quehacer de la crítica y las nuevas formas de la doxa.Juan Pablo Jaime Nieto - 2022 - Dilemata 38:235-245.
    En términos de la filosofía socrática, la doxa u opinión representa un principio vago debido a sus alcances limitados en la construcción de un conocimiento bien establecido. Sin embargo, debido a conveniencias como su facilidad de manejo, la opinión se ha extendido como mecanismo epistémico en espacios como las redes sociales, donde su uso se fomenta a través de objetos virtuales como el meme, de tal forma que se vuelve necesaria una evaluación filosófica para las nuevas formas de expresión doxástica (...)
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  24.  1
    Del negacionismo climático al obstruccionismo: el argumentario de la inacción y su amplificación en YouTube.Teresa Moreno Olmeda - 2022 - Dilemata 38:119-134.
    The main implication of the scientific consensus on human causality of climate change is the need to implement urgent and transformative policies. However, inaction remains. Much of the academic research has concentrated on discourses that question the evidence of climate science under the umbrella term "climate change denial", but the focus has recently started to shift to the arguments of those who, while accepting the evidence, criticize the processes by which it is obtained and, especially, oppose ambitious measures, in many (...)
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  25.  5
    ¿Están las teorías de la conspiración epistémicamente justificadas? Una aproximación desde el externismo contemporáneo.Guillermo Marín Penella - 2022 - Dilemata 38:103-117.
    In this article I present the two essential conceptions of conspiracy theories, offering reasons for working from the point of view of the second one. Next, I introduce the debate between internalism and externalism of justification and, following the most contemporary perspectives, I focus on the political and social applicability of the second one, for which I use the srinivasian concept of “bad ideology case”. This new perspective allows me to interpret the conspiracy theories in function of this debate and (...)
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  26.  2
    Reseña de: Javier Romero Muñoz: Pensar y sentir una naturaleza que cambia: hacia una ecofilosofía sin fronteras, Barcelona, Mra ediciones, 2020, 268 pp. [REVIEW]Adrián González Pérez - 2022 - Dilemata 38:263-266.
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  27.  1
    Hacia una propuesta de mínimos sobre el estudio de las emociones en el ámbito de la posverdad.Alberto Morán Roa - 2022 - Dilemata 38:209-224.
    The role of affection in the mass production of information and the post-truth phenomenon has returned a bias to the analysis of emotions, under which they appear as a key agent in disinformation systems, or as a distorting element that must be eliminated in order to have an "objective" access to the truth through the strict use of reason. In this work we will defend that both positions incur in problematic approaches, and that both are based on premises that deserve (...)
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  28.  1
    Sobre la eutanasia y otros problemas bioéticos del final de la vida.Víctor Páramo Valero - 2022 - Dilemata 38:267-270.
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  29.  4
    En las antípodas de la democracia deliberativa: la propaganda populista en la era digital.Juan Carlos Velasco - 2022 - Dilemata 38:59-67.
    This article considers the extent to which the technological revolution of digital communications increases the flow of contrasted information and favors informed choices among the different alternatives and electoral offers. Common phenomena today in forums and social networks such as disinformation or the rise of forms of propaganda more typical of non-democratic systems - with little or no respect for facts and truth - do not seem to contribute to creating a favorable scenario for public deliberation and the active participation (...)
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  30.  5
    Retos filosóficos de las sociedades digitales: incertidumbre, confianza y responsabilidad.Astrid Wagner - 2022 - Dilemata 38:13-29.
    This article addresses a number of phenomena in the field of digital communication - disinformation, infodemics and conspiracy mania - that promote indifference regarding the distinction between truth and lies, fact and fiction, opinion and knowledge. They have thus decisively altered users' patterns of rationality and common sense and contributed to the rise of anti-democratic and anti-scientific positions. To address this complex problem, a systemic approach is provided that considers these phenomena to be factors that disturb the ethical-epistemic equilibrium between (...)
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  31.  1
    Entrevista a Magis Iglesias, Pablo Hernández y Diego S. Garrocho.Astrid Wagner & Sara Degli-Esposti - 2022 - Dilemata 38:271-283.
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  32.  2
    Verdad, desinformación y verificación: contexto de estudio y contribución al debate.Astrid Wagner & Sara Degli-Esposti - 2022 - Dilemata 38:5-12.
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  33.  1
    Controversias sobre la justiciabilidad de los derechos reproductivos al nacimiento en Mexico.Omar Calvo Aguilar - 2022 - Dilemata 37:41-51.
    The justiciability of reproductive rights in childbirth care is a critical approach that has generated controversies due to the fact that international scene, it has been called in various forms, several definitions have been proposed, it uses different criteria and it has promoted criminal sanctions as a means of guaranteeing this right in some countries. In Mexico the debate focuses on each of these topics from the object of the various participants in maternal care, health professionals, women, civil organizations, academics (...)
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  34.  2
    Violencia Obstétrica en Uruguay. Un enfoque de género y bioético.Romina Duarte Gallardo - 2022 - Dilemata 37:17-31.
    Este artículo se propone analizar la influencia de los estereotipos de género presentes en los servicios de salud sexual y reproductiva y del modelo imperante de atención al parto, en la generación de prácticas que pueden catalogarse como violencia obstétrica hacia las mujeres uruguayas. Luego de analizar ciertas prácticas en la salud materna y perinatal, entre ellas el valor que los profesionales de la salud atribuyen al consentimiento informado_, _se concluye que Uruguay se caracteriza por una atención al parto, donde (...)
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  35.  4
    Industria 4.0: retos éticos de la dataficación e hiperconectividad industrial.Carlos Saura García - 2022 - Dilemata 37:53-67.
    The objective of this work is to analyse the phenomena and the implications of hyperglobalization on current companies. To introduce this purpose, we are going to review the different processes of global economic cohesion produced throughout history. We will focus on the hyperglobalization stage and on the effect that hyperconnectivity has had for companies and their operation. We will analyze the phenomenon of big data, his new technological innovations and how they have affected the companies act and the global society. (...)
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  36.  1
    ¿Contradice la zarigüeya de Schrödinger a Martin Heidegger?Laura García-Portela - 2022 - Dilemata 37:69-72.
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  37.  2
    La actuación humanitaria de la Policía Local en los asentamientos ilegales.Alejandro Millán Gómez - 2022 - Dilemata 37:33-39.
    The humanitarian action carried out by the Local Police in the different shanty towns of foreigners in the Huelva area, specifically in the town of Moguer, has been extraordinary. Coordinated at all times with the City Council of Moguer and the Social Services of the municipality, where an unprecedented plan of action was developed to alleviate the basic needs of foreigners living in subhuman conditions in the middle of nature.
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  38.  2
    Reseña de Lazari-Radek, Katarzyna; Singer, Peter. The point of view of the universe: Sidgwick and contemporary ethics, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2014.José Ramón Curbera Luis - 2022 - Dilemata 37:73-74.
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  39.  2
    Reseña de Andy Farnell, Digital Vegan Book.Applied Scientific Press, 2021.Ricardo Morte - 2022 - Dilemata 37:75-79.
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  40.  3
    Un Estudio exploratorio sobre aspectos éticos en un proyecto de investigación sobre energías renovables.Fausto Javier Sainz Salces - 2022 - Dilemata 37:1-16.
    This article presents an approach to understanding ethical issues in renewable energy innovation actions among participants of a research program on a small island. Issues related to citizen participation in the research activities carried out within the framework of the energy transition are explored directly with the participants through interviews carried out at the beginning of the research project. All island participants in the project expressed their opinions about the communication in the project, the implications of participation, the responsibilities as (...)
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