32 found

Year:

  1. Las minimizaciones de la discapacidad como microagresiones capacitistas.Eva Moral Cabrero - 2021 - Dilemata 36:35-53.
    Ableist microaggressions are common experiences in the daily lives of people with disabilities. Research in this area enables us to deepen our understanding of ableism as a system of oppression towards those whose embodied differences do not follow corporeal standards and productivity demands. Previous inquiries into these phenomena have categorized the most frequently experienced microaggressions: “minimization” being the most common. This article shows the results obtained in the Survey on Ableist Microaggressions involving the minimization of specific needs, disability, or the (...)
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  2.  1
    Debate en torno a "Lucía y el infanticidio coherente".Javier Romañach Cabrero, Francisco Guzmán Castillo, Soledad Arnau Ripollés & Melania Moscoso - 2021 - Dilemata 36:111-124.
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  3.  2
    Educación y capacitismo: los límites de la educación inclusiva en España.Susana Rodríguez Díaz - 2021 - Dilemata 36:5-18.
    The Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, approved on December 13, 2006 by the UN General Assembly, represented a historic advance in the field of disability by recognizing that the right to education implied the right to an quality inclusive education, thus consolidating a normative evolution from previous international instruments. Since May 3, 2008, the Convention has been part of the Spanish legal system, which implies that the State is obliged to modify national laws that do not correspond (...)
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  4.  1
    Tecnologías 4.0, diversidad y capacitismo Una nueva perspectiva del modelo social desde los cuerpos autofabricados.Roberto Feltrero - 2021 - Dilemata 36:87-97.
    Advanced technologies can shed a new light on traditional discussions related to medical models and social models regarding people and dissabilities. Convergent scientific and technological fields such a synthetic biology, nanotechnology or 3D printers, bring new opportunies to modify bodily biological functionalities. New possibilities for personalize and accesible manufacturing of mechanical and biological prosthesis are very promising regading body rehabilitación and, also, for augmenting and improving natural capacities. Ableism and functional diversity models can be seen from a new perspective, regarding (...)
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  5. Capacitismo neoliberal: los derechos y las condiciones de empleo de las personas con discapacidad/ diversidad funcional (PDF) en España.Miguel A. V. Ferreira & Amparo Cano Esteban - 2021 - Dilemata 36:19-34.
    Legislation on Disability/ Functional Diversity in Spain has experimented a great advance since 1982 to 2013, leaving the initial orientation, based on care and rehabilitation, toward another one based on rights and social inclusion as main objectives. However, this legislation has not been effective because in the same lap of time another transformation made it useless: the suppression of social rights that came from Keynesian politics and the progressive neoliberal ideology implantation. The evolution of People with Disability/ Functional Diversity labour (...)
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  6.  2
    Reseña de Adrián Almazán Gómez, Técnica y tecnología. Cómo conversar con un tecnolófilo, Madrid : Taugenit, S.L. 2021.Ricardo Morte Ferrer - 2021 - Dilemata 36:106-109.
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  7.  1
    Capacitismo.Mario Toboso Martín & Miguel A. V. Ferreira - 2021 - Dilemata 36:1-4.
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  8.  2
    Reseña de: Guillén, Mauro F., 2030. Viajando hacia el fin del mundo tal y como lo conocemos.David Carrión Morillo - 2021 - Dilemata 36:103-105.
    Mauro F. Guillén sostiene que el mundo que conocemos va a desaparecer, probablemente, en menos de diez años. Su libro trata no solo de exponer las razones principales del final de nuestra realidad, sino también de apuntar cómo podemos adaptarnos a los cambios que vendrán de la mejor manera posible para conseguir que el impacto en nuestras vidas sea mucho menor.
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  9.  1
    Identidad e invisibilidad en el análisis de la violencia contra las mujeres con discapacidad.María del Pilar Gomiz Pascual - 2021 - Dilemata 36:55-67.
    This article tries to make visible the situations of violence to which women with disabilities are often subjected, due to the fact that they are a woman and have a disability. A violence that goes beyond the private sphere where we usually frame what we usually call gender violence, and that is sometimes difficult to identify, since it is normalized not only by society, but also by the environment of women and even sometimes by herself. To achieve our objective, we (...)
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  10.  1
    Introducción al sufrimiento de los animales salvajes.Diego Expósito Teixeira - 2021 - Dilemata 36:99-101.
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  11.  1
    Afrontando el capacitismo desde la diversidad funcional.Mario Toboso - 2021 - Dilemata 36:69-85.
    In this article we will put forward the proposal that the concept of functional diversity can be considered as a relevant analytical category necessarily applicable as a perspective of analysis to the social sphere. To this end, we will situate the idea of functional diversity in six different and interrelated dimensions of human experience, which we call: body dimension, relational, political, ethical, social and cultural dimension, in relation to the corresponding dimensions of the social sphere. The idea of functional diversity (...)
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  12.  2
    La valoración de la madurez en adolescentes. Requisitos, indicadores y condicionantes.Júlia Martín Badia - 2021 - Dilemata 35:31-52.
    Assessing maturity is one of the main ethical challenges for bioethics. It is even more complex when it comes to adolescents, as they are still in their maturing process. Three difficulties emerge: a conceptual difficulty as maturity is related to autonomy, competence and capacity; a methodological difficulty regarding which indicators should be used to assess it; and a practical difficulty in how to properly deal with it, as it is not easy to respect a maturity that only for a little (...)
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  13.  3
    Entrevista Camilo José Cela Conde.Ricardo Morte Ferrer - 2021 - Dilemata 35:85-88.
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  14.  3
    Revisiting Some Assumptions Linked to Integration Policies: Identity and Participation Before European Refugee Crisis of 2015.Sergio García - 2021 - Dilemata 35:17-29.
    Integration policies are underpinned upon assumptions that are taken for granted but that condition both the causal diagnosis and the lines of action and programs devised to respond to social challenges associated with migration and refugees movements. The so-called “European refugees crisis” of 2015 is an example of how preconceived ideas affect the analysis of social problems and the design of solutions. This crisis is the context within which the paper, first, examines the root causes of the “problem”; then, explores (...)
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  15.  5
    Reseña de: Liao, M. (ed.), Ethics of Artificial Intelligence, New York: Oxford University Press, 2020.Germán Massaguer Gómez - 2021 - Dilemata 35:79-83.
  16.  2
    La valoración de la capacidad del paciente:ni depende del riesgo, ni es un mero resultado.José Luis Fernández Hernández, Pablo Herranz Hernández & Laura Segovia-Torres - 2021 - Dilemata 35:5-16.
    The notion that patients’ medical decision-making capacity depends on risk considerations has some acceptance in the bioethical literature. However, it arouses some criticism since it seems to give rise to paternalistic attitudes. In addition, the idea of capacity assessment as a collaborative space in which aid is given to the patient is emphasized so that they can decide about their life. It does not seem ethically acceptable to pose the evaluation as a simple observer report. Capacity assessment can sometimes be (...)
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  17.  2
    La pandemia de los datos.Daniel Innerarity - 2021 - Dilemata 35:67-72.
    RESUMEN: Una crisis como la del coronavirus, que ha tenido lugar en un entorno digitalizado, ha puesto a prueba la capacidad y los límites del big data para proporcionarnos una imagen completa de la realidad e indicaciones para gestionar la pandemia. Uno de los aprendizajes que hemos de realizar es entender que los datos reflejan la desigualdad existente y, sin una correcta interpretación, invisibilizan a los grupos más vulnerables. Para ello lo más importante es dejar de concebir la realidad social (...)
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  18.  4
    La racionalidad como compromiso social en Amartya Sen. Su relación con las economías solidarias o alternativas.M. Rosario Carvajal Muñoz - 2021 - Dilemata 35:53-65.
    The text starts from Sen's conception of rationality as a social commitment and from his criticism of the economic rationality of utilitarianism, confronting them with the characteristics of implicit rationality in solidarity economic initiatives and sustainable development. These economic initiatives and Sen's ethical rationality are reflected in the following aspects: ethical evaluations of these solidarity initiatives, seeking to reduce social inequalities, the need for social commitment by the companies involved, recognition of social diversity, the importance given to the social participation (...)
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  19.  2
    Informe Proyecto INBOTS.María Amparo Grau Ruiz - 2021 - Dilemata 35:89-104.
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  20.  4
    Créditos, Dilemata 35.Aitor Sorreluz - 2021 - Dilemata 35.
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  21.  3
    La Muerte como problema filosófico.Víctor Páramo Valero - 2021 - Dilemata 35:73-78.
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  22.  50
    Interview with Philip Brey.Jon Rueda & Txetxu Ausín - 2021 - Dilemata 34:133-137.
    Interview with Philip Brey in which he clarifies and exemplifies the concept of ‘socially disruptive technology’, offering a series of key aspects for its present and future analysis from the disciplinary perspective of technology ethics. Philip Brey is Professor of Philosophy of Technology at the Department of Philosophy at the University of Twente. He has been a keynote speaker of the International Workshop on Controversies and Polarization on Disruptive Technologies, that took place virtually and in Granada, on October 5th and (...)
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  23.  7
    Ethical Aspects of Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation for Neuroenhancement.Arantzazu San Agustín & Juan Camilo Moreno - 2021 - Dilemata 34:121-132.
    The non-invasive stimulation techniques are already recognized as technology that allows neuroenhancement, specifically the Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation can be applied following potentiation protocols in order to enhance both cognitive and motor systems. Hand in hand with this capacity arises the ethical problem of its application. The objective of this contribution is to describe and discuss what ethical aspects have been established in relation to this current phenomenon. Thus, we will first describe the mechanisms and results of non-invasive technology in relation (...)
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  24.  11
    Polarización y tecnologías de la Información: radicales vs. extremistas.Manuel Almagro & Neftalí Villanueva - 2021 - Dilemata 34:51-69.
    The way digital information technologies work and, more specifically, the possibilities for action that technological devices offer to us affect our processes of political belief formation. In particular, there seems to be a close connection between our digital affordances and the increase of the sort of polarization that threatens the proper functioning of democracy. In this paper, we analyze whether the type of polarization linked to the use of digital technologies, and which endangers the health of public deliberation, has to (...)
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  25.  6
    Diez consideraciones ético-jurídicas en relación con la reutilización y big data en el ámbito sanitario.Txetxu Ausín, María Belén Andreu Martínez, Julián Valero Torrijos & Joaquín Cayón de las Cuevas - 2021 - Dilemata 34:139-145.
    Various research groups with ongoing projects in the areas of personal data protection, reuse of public sector information and open data organised a seminar on October 29, 2020, on reuse and big data in the field of health in which researchers, managers and policymakers from different disciplines participated. Starting from the premise of the special importance that access to health data has as a resource for research, management and development of health products, treatments and interventions and, at the same time, (...)
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  26.  8
    Prolegómenos a una ética para la robótica social.Júlia Pareto Boada - 2021 - Dilemata 34:71-87.
    Social robotics has a high disruptive potential, for it expands the field of application of intelligent technology to practical contexts of a relational nature. Due to their capacity to “intersubjectively” interact with people, social robots can take over new roles in our daily activities, multiplying the ethical implications of intelligent robotics. In this paper, we offer some preliminary considerations for the ethical reflection on social robotics, so that to clarify how to correctly orient the critical-normative thinking in this arduous task. (...)
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  27.  6
    Una propuesta de diseño de sistema de gobernanza ética de datos masivos para la investigación e innovación responsable.Patrici Calvo Cabezas - 2021 - Dilemata 34:31-49.
    The management of big data has become one of the great challenges of the digitally hyperconnected society. Although it is recognized that the collection, processing and use of massive data generates important advances in spheres such as the economy, health, politics, communication, education or science, at the same time there are strong criticisms for the disruptive effects and negative consequences that this process can generate on society, especially among its most vulnerable groups. The objective of this work is to propose (...)
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  28.  6
    Robots inteligentes. Implicaciones ético-jurídicas de la introducción de tecnologías disruptivas en los entornos de trabajo.Daniel Peres Díaz - 2021 - Dilemata 34:89-104.
    The introduction of disruptive technologies in work environments is causing an unprecedented transformation of the forms of organization of productive activity and the associated models of social relations. The digitization of the economy, the provision of services via platforms, the automation of new job functions and the introduction of machine and deep learning software in the hiring, evaluation and management of employed work, establish new scenarios for ethical reflection- legal. In this sense, the present work offers elements of analysis to (...)
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  29.  9
    Neuromodulación para la mejora de la agencia moral: el neurofeedback.Paloma J. García Díaz - 2021 - Dilemata 34:105-119.
    This article aims to pay heed to the rational and deliberative dimensions of moral agency within the project of moral enhancement. In this sense, it is presented how the technique of neurofeedback might contribute to the enhancement of moral deliberations and autonomy. Furthermore, this brain-computer interface is thought as a possible element of a Socratic moral assistant interested in improving moral enhancement within a model of full interaction between moral agents and such a moral assistant. This proposal does not embrace (...)
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  30.  5
    Tecnologías socialmente disruptivas.Jon Rueda Etxebarria - 2021 - Dilemata 34:1-4.
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  31.  8
    Disrupciones, continuidades y determinismos en la gametogénesis in vitro.Natalia Fernández-Jimeno - 2021 - Dilemata 34:11-29.
    In this work I have tried to fill the gap left by the bioethical discussion on in vitro gametogenesis with regard to the contextual factors of the development of this technology. Starting from the understanding of IVG within the sociotechnical system of assisted reproductive technologies, I tray to explain, from a co-production point of view, the role played by agents and contextual factors in the configuration of the IVG. To do this, I use semi-structured interviews with specialist in embryology, as (...)
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  32.  29
    Tecnologías socialmente disruptivas (Introducción).Jon Rueda - 2021 - Dilemata 31 (13):5-9.
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