Cognitive Linguistics

ISSN: 1613-3641

19 found

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  1.  3
    Explaining Uncertainty and Defectivity of Inflectional Paradigms.Neil Bermel & Alexandre Nikolaev - 2022 - Cognitive Linguistics 33 (3):585-621.
    The current study investigates how native speakers of a morphologically complex language handle uncertainty related to linguistic forms that have gaps in their inflectional paradigms. We analyze their strategies of dealing with paradigmatic defectivity and how these strategies are motivated by subjective contemporaneousness, frequency, acceptability, and other lexical and structural characteristics of words. We administered a verb production task with Finnish native speakers using verbs from a small non-productive inflectional type that has many paradigmatic gaps and asked participants to inflect (...)
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  2. Linguistic Synesthesia is Metaphorical: A Lexical-Conceptual Account.Chu-Ren Huang, Kathleen Ahrens & Qingqing Zhao - 2022 - Cognitive Linguistics 33 (3):553-583.
    This study seeks to clarify the nature of linguistic synesthesia using a lexical-conceptual account. Based on a lexical analysis of Mandarin synesthetic usages, we find that linguistic synesthesia maps the metaphorical meaning between two domains; and linguistic synesthetic mappings and conceptual metaphoric mappings have similar behaviors when sense modalities are treated as conceptual domains that contain a set of mappings constrained by Mapping Principles. This lexical-conceptual account is designed to capture the fact that linguistic synesthesia involves mapping between lexicalized concepts (...)
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  3. Individual Corpus Data Predict Variation in Judgments: Testing the Usage-Based Nature of Mental Representations in a Language Transfer Setting.Maria Mos, Ad Backus & Marie Barking - 2022 - Cognitive Linguistics 33 (3):481-519.
    This study puts the usage-based assumption that our linguistic knowledge is based on usage to the test. To do so, we explore individual variation in speakers’ language use as established based on corpus data – both in terms of frequency of use and productivity of use – and link this variation to the same participants’ responses in an experimental judgment task. The empirical focus is on transfer by native German speakers living in the Netherlands, who oftentimes experience transfer from their (...)
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  4. Indonesian Basic Olfactory Terms: More Negative Types but More Positive Tokens.Poppy Siahaan - 2022 - Cognitive Linguistics 33 (3):447-480.
    The present study investigates the semantics of a dozen basic smell terms in Indonesian using data from a large corpus of written register. Examining how these smell terms lexicalize some odors but not others raises questions that are central to our understanding of the language of olfaction. How are smell terms structured? What does the structure of smell terms tell us about human behavior? By applying cluster analysis, the present study reveals that the Indonesian odor lexicon is structured based on (...)
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  5. Infinitives of Affect and Intersubjectivity: On the Indexical Interpretation of the Finnish Independent Infinitives.Laura Visapää - 2022 - Cognitive Linguistics 33 (3):521-551.
    This article presents an analysis of the structure and use of the Finnish independent infinitives. Although typological studies have shown that syntactically independent non-finite constructions are widespread in many languages, the understanding of their semantic and intersubjective motivation is still in its early stages. The current paper aims to enrich the understanding of independent non-finite constructions by closely looking at free-standing infinitive constructions in spoken and written Finnish: it combines theoretical concepts of Cognitive Grammar with the methodological tools of Interactional (...)
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  6. Changes in the Midst of a Construction Network: A Diachronic Construction Grammar Approach to Complex Prepositions Denoting Internal Location.Guillaume Desagulier - 2022 - Cognitive Linguistics 33 (2):339-386.
    Linguists have debated whether complex prepositions deserve a constituent status, but none have proposed a dynamic model that can both predict what construal a given pattern imposes and account for the emergence of non-spatial readings. This paper reframes the debate on constituency as a justification of the constructional status of complex prepositional patterns from a historical perspective. It focuses on the Prep NP IL of NP lm construction, which denotes a relation of internal location between a located entity and a (...)
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  7. What Makes the Past Perfect and the Future Progressive? Experiential Coordinates for a Learnable, Context-Based Model of Tense and Aspect.Dagmar Divjak, Petar Milin, Adnane Ez-Zizi & Laurence Romain - 2022 - Cognitive Linguistics 33 (2):251-289.
    We examined how language supports the expression of temporality within sentence boundaries in English, which has a rich inventory of grammatical means to express temporality. Using a computational model that mimics how humans learn from exposure we explored what the use of different tense and aspect combinations reveals about the interaction between our experience of time and the cognitive demands that talking about time puts on the language user. Our model was trained on n-grams extracted from the BNC to select (...)
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  8.  2
    LOOKing for Multi-Word Expressions in American Sign Language.Lynn Hou - 2022 - Cognitive Linguistics 33 (2):291-337.
    Usage-based linguistics postulates that multi-word expressions constitute a substantial part of language structure and use, and are formed through repeated chunking and stored as exemplar wholes. They are also re-used to produce new sequences by means of schematization. While there is extensive research on multi-word expressions in many spoken languages, little is known about the status of multi-word expressions in the mainstream U.S. variety of American Sign Language. This paper investigates recurring multi-word expressions, or sequences of multiple signs, that involve (...)
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  9.  2
    Metonymy and Argument Alternations in French Communication Frames.James Law - 2022 - Cognitive Linguistics 33 (2):387-413.
    This study describes metonymic argument alternations, in which a constructional slot can be filled by any of a set of semantic roles that index one another, and provides a diachronic corpus analysis of two such alternations in French. In the Reveal secret frame and other communication frames, the Medium can indexically replace the Speaker and the Topic can indexically replace the Information. A regression analysis shows that while topic for information metonymy is more syntactically and pragmatically restricted, medium for speaker (...)
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  10. Phonotactically Probable Word Shapes Represent Attractors in the Cultural Evolution of Sound Patterns.Nikolaus Ritt & Theresa Matzinger - 2022 - Cognitive Linguistics 33 (2):415-446.
    Words are processed more easily when they have canonical phonotactic shapes, i.e., shapes that are frequent both in the lexicon and in usage. We explore whether this cognitively grounded constraint or preference implies testable predictions about the implementation of sound change. Specifically, we hypothesise that words with canonical shapes favour, or ‘select for’, sound changes that produce words with the same shapes. To test this, we investigate a Middle English sound change known as Open Syllable Lengthening. OSL lengthened vowels in (...)
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  11.  2
    Improvisations in the Embodied Interactions of a Non-Speaking Autistic Child and His Mother: Practices for Creating Intersubjective Understanding.Rachel S. Y. Chen - 2022 - Cognitive Linguistics 33 (1):155-191.
    The human capacity for intersubjective engagement is present, even when one is limited in speaking, pointing, and coordinating gaze. This paper examines the everyday social interactions of two differently-disposed actors—a non-speaking autistic child and his speaking, neurotypical mother—who participate in shared attention through dialogic turn-taking. In the collaborative pursuit of activities, the participants coordinate across multiple turns, producing multi-turn constructions that accomplish specific goals. The paper asks two questions about these collaborative constructions: 1) What are their linguistic and discursive structures? (...)
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  12.  2
    English Modal Enclitic Constructions: A Diachronic, Usage-Based Study of ’D and ’Ll.Robert Daugs - 2022 - Cognitive Linguistics 33 (1):221-250.
    English modal enclitics are typically conceived of as colloquial pronunciation variants that are semantically identical to their respective full forms. Although this conception has already been challenged by Nesselhauf, Nadja. 2014. From contraction to construction? The recent life of ’ll. In Marianne Hundt, Late modern English syntax, 77–89. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press and Daugs, Robert. 2021. Contractions, constructions and constructional change: Investigating the constructionhood of English modal contractions from a diachronic perspective. In Martin Hilpert, Bert Cappelle & Ilse Depraetere, Modality (...)
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  13. Introduction to the Special Issue.Dagmar Divjak & John Newman - 2022 - Cognitive Linguistics 33 (1):1-2.
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  14. The Emergence of Information Structure in Child Speech: The Acquisition of C’Est-Clefts in French.Morgane Jourdain - 2022 - Cognitive Linguistics 33 (1):121-154.
    Constructions marking information structure in French have been widely documented within the constructionist framework. C’est ‘it is’ clefts have been demonstrated to express the focus of the sentence. Nevertheless, it remains unclear how children are able to acquire clefts, and how they develop information structure categories. The aim of this study is to investigate the acquisition of clefts in French through the usage-based framework, to understand whether IS categories emerge gradually like other linguistic categories, and how children build IS categories. (...)
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  15.  4
    Individual Differences in Word Senses.Rachel E. Ramsey - 2022 - Cognitive Linguistics 33 (1):65-93.
    Individual differences and polysemy have rich literatures in cognitive linguistics, but little is said about the prospect of individual differences in polysemy. This article reports an investigation that sought to establish whether people vary in the senses of a polysemous word that they find meaningful, and to develop a novel methodology to study polysemy. The methodology combined established tools: sentence-sorting tasks, a rarely used statistical model of inter-participant agreement, and network visualisation. Two hundred and five English-speaking participants completed one of (...)
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  16. Putting the Argument Back Into Argument Structure Constructions.Laurence Romain - 2022 - Cognitive Linguistics 33 (1):35-64.
    This paper shows that low-level generalisations in argument structure constructions are crucial to understanding the concept of alternation: low-level generalisations inform and constrain more schematic generalisations and thus constructional meaning. On the basis of an analysis of the causative alternation in English, and more specifically of the theme, I show that each construction has its own schematic meaning. This analysis is conducted on a dataset composed of 11,554 instances of the intransitive non-causative construction and the transitive causative construction. The identification (...)
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  17. From ‘Clubs’ to ‘Clocks’: Lexical Semantic Extensions in Dene Languages.Conor Snoek - 2022 - Cognitive Linguistics 33 (1):193-220.
    This study examines the semantics of a root form underlying a wide range of Dene lexical expressions. The root evolved from a simple nominal denoting “club” to expressions lexicalizing the movement of stick-like objects and the rotation of helicopter blades. These semantic extensions arise through source-in-target and target-in-source metonymies. Drawing on Cognitive Linguistics, especially the theory of metonymy, offers a method of describing the range of meanings expressed by this root in a concise manner. Focusing on the results of metonymic (...)
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  18.  5
    Sound Symbolism in Chinese Children’s Literature.Xiaoxi Wang - 2022 - Cognitive Linguistics 33 (1):95-120.
    Iconicity is a fundamental property of spoken and signed languages. However, quantitative analysis of sound-meaning association in Chinese has not been extensively developed, and little is known about the impact of sound symbolism in children’s literature. As sound symbolism is supposed to be a universal cognitive phenomenon, this research seeks to investigate whether iconic structures of Mandarin are embodied in native Chinese speakers’ language experience. The paper describes a case study of Chinese storybooks with the goal of testing whether phonosemantic (...)
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  19.  4
    Ambiguity Avoidance as a Factor in the Rise of the English Dative Alternation.Eva Zehentner - 2022 - Cognitive Linguistics 33 (1):3-33.
    This paper discusses the role of cognitive factors in language change; specifically, it investigates the potential impact of argument ambiguity avoidance on the emergence of one of the most well-studied syntactic alternations in English, viz. the dative alternation. Linking this development to other major changes in the history of English like the loss of case marking, I propose that morphological as well as semantic-pragmatic ambiguity between prototypical agents and prototypical recipients in ditransitive clauses plausibly gave a processing advantage to patterns (...)
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