Polis

ISSNs: 0142-257X, 2051-2996

61 found

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  1.  6
    Political, All Too Political. Again on Protagoras’ Myth in Its Intellectual Context.Mauro Bonazzi - 2022 - Polis 39 (3):425-445.
    The paper argues for an analytic interpretation of Protagoras’ myth in Plato’s dialogue by showing that its goal is not so much to reconstruct the origins of civilization as to identify some essential features of humankind. Against the widespread opinion that human progress depends on the development of technai, Protagoras claims that political art is the most important one, insofar as it is the condition for the existence of society. More concretely, the emphasis on the political art also serves to (...)
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  2.  1
    Kratos and Other Forms of Power in the Two Constitutions of the Athenians.Daniela Cammack - 2022 - Polis 39 (3):466-497.
    What did kratos imply in the classical democratic context? Focusing on the two Constitutions of the Athenians traditionally attributed to Xenophon and Aristotle respectively, this article explores differences among kratos and three proximate terms: archē, kuros, and dēmagōgia. With Benveniste and Loraux, it argues that kratos specifically signalled ‘superiority’ or ‘predominance’, as revealed in combat or other form of contest. Dēmokratia thereby connoted the forceful predominance of the dēmos over the rest of the community, including office-holders and political leaders. The (...)
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  3.  2
    Aristotle’s Philosophy of Histories.Andrew Hull - 2022 - Polis 39 (3):527-552.
    Aristotle is often considered to have a very pessimistic view about what histories can tell us, considering them too particular and lacking the generality required for scientific knowledge. Most importantly, they are considered to lack causal explanations. I argue against this view and instead that Aristotle considers histories to provide a highly practical level of knowledge. Histories can provide instances of both accidental and hypothetically necessary causation. I draw on the Athenian Constitution and the Constitution of the Spartans to show (...)
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  4.  4
    Aristotle’s Political Theory as a Craft and Science in Politics 4–6.Kazutaka Inamura - 2022 - Polis 39 (3):553-575.
    This article maintains that Aristotle develops his political theory as a craft and science in Politics 4–6. The literature, however, has argued that he views political knowledge as a form of practical wisdom or prudence. This article discusses the way that Aristotle proposes political theory as a skill to help deal with unfavorable circumstances. In Greek political thought, craft and science are characterized as skills of cooperating with nature, taking up opportunities, and coping with uncertainty. Aristotle uses this conception when (...)
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  5.  2
    Sortition & Democracy: History, Tools, Theories, Edited by Liliane Lopez-Rabatel and Yves Sintomer.James Kierstead - 2022 - Polis 39 (3):577-581.
  6.  6
    The Flower of Suffering. Theology, Justice, and the Cosmos in Aeschylus’ Oresteia and Presocratic Thought, Written by Nuria Scapin.K. Scarlett Kingsley - 2022 - Polis 39 (3):582-586.
  7.  11
    Martha Nussbaum and Aristotle on Distributive Justice and Equality.Manuel Knoll - 2022 - Polis 39 (3):498-526.
    This article gives a detailed analysis of Nussbaum’s ‘capabilities approach’ and her claim that it is a genuinely Aristotelian contemporary po-litical philosophy. The paper examines how Nussbaum bases her ‘capabilities approach’ on human nature and questions her assertion that both Aristotle’s account of human nature and her own approach are not metaphysical. In order to analyze the normative dimension of Nussbaum’s ‘capabilities approach’, this article focuses on Aristotle’s doctrine of distributive justice and equality. It shows how Nussbaum adopts and modifies (...)
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  8.  3
    Plato’s Market Optimism.Brennan McDavid - 2022 - Polis 39 (3):446-465.
    Despite the extensiveness of top-down control in his ideal city, Plato takes seriously the idea that the market does not require total regulation via legislation and that participants in the market may be capable of self-regulation. This paper examines the discussion of market regulation in the Republic and argues that the philosopher rulers play a very limited role in regulating market activities. Indeed, they are concerned only with averting excesses of wealth and poverty. The rules and regulations that are foundational (...)
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  9.  5
    Plato and Aristophanes: Comedy, Politics, and the Pursuit of a Just Life, Written by Marina Marren.Joel Alden Schlosser - 2022 - Polis 39 (3):587-589.
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  10.  3
    Xenophon, the Old Oligarch, and Alcibiades.William H. F. Altman - 2022 - Polis 39 (2):261-278.
    Modifying the conjecture of Wolfgang Helbig by means of the distinction between Xenophon and his various narrators introduced by Benjamin McCloskey, this paper uses the insights of Hartvig Frisch to show how drawing a distinction between the first-person speaker in pseudo-Xenophon’s Constitution of the Athenians and its author indicates that the former is Alcibiades and the latter is Xenophon himself.
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  11.  5
    Automation, Slavery, and Work in Aristotle’s Politics Book I.Ziyaad Bhorat - 2022 - Polis 39 (2):279-302.
    Engaging Aristotle’s broader corpus, this paper offers an exegesis of his counterfactual statement in the Politics regarding self-weaving shuttles and self-playing lyres. It argues that Aristotle imagines and offers his own theory of automation – if by automation we understand the conditions, limits, and consequences of substituting human work with artificial tools capable of acting themselves to complete the relevant task. Because such automated tools are impossible in Aristotle’s time, his political thought is never positively released from its foundational dependence (...)
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  12.  4
    Aristotle on the Concept of Shared Life, Written by Sara Brill.William B. Cochran - 2022 - Polis 39 (2):422-424.
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  13.  9
    The Ecological Sustainability of Plato’s Republic.Susan Erck - 2022 - Polis 39 (2):213-236.
    The Republic’s political discussion begins with the construction of two contrasting cities: a ‘healthy’ city and a ‘city with a fever’; one defined by environmentally sustainable subsistence practices and the other by ‘luxurious’ over consumption that exceeds the carrying capacity of its land. Plato’s characters proceed to cure the inflamed city of its fever, resulting in the delineation of the ideal political constitution, the Kallipolis, which recovers the virtues of the original, healthy city in an altered form. This paper develops (...)
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  14.  2
    Philosopher-Strangers: Xenia and Panhellenism in Plato’s Laws.Samuel Ortencio Flores - 2022 - Polis 39 (2):237–260.
    Since antiquity, there has been little consensus on how to interpret the identity of the anonymous Athenian Stranger of Plato’s Laws. This paper uses the Stranger’s identification as xenos as a starting point in examining the role of xenia in Plato’s Laws. In this dialogue, Plato uses xenia throughout the dialogue to portray philosophic relationships between characters from different poleis and to establish the importance of intercultural and Panhellenic exchange for philosophic friendship and the establishment of an ideal polis. The (...)
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  15.  6
    The Best Life in Aristotle’s Politics.Keita Ishino - 2022 - Polis 39 (2):327-345.
    It is often emphasized that the Athenians viewed philosophy as essentially apolitical or anti-political. Placed in this context, Aristotle’s Politics 7.1–7.3 deserves special attention because here Aristotle presents his argument on the best life for ‘each human being and commonly for cities and human beings ’, which culminates in his conclusion that ‘the same life ’ is the best for them. This paper attempts to show that ‘the same life’ does not mean a life consisting of activity of the same (...)
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  16.  1
    Philosophy, Poetry, and Power in Aristophanes’s Birds, Written by Daniel Holmes.John Lombardini - 2022 - Polis 39 (2):414-417.
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  17.  4
    Greek Rhetoric of the 4th Century BC. The Elixir of Democracy and Individuality, Written by Evangelos Alexiou.Giulia Maltagliati - 2022 - Polis 39 (2):418-421.
  18.  4
    The Double Life of Ibn Bajja: A Platonic Philosopher Among the Potentates of His Time.Alexander Orwin - 2022 - Polis 39 (2):368-390.
    Ibn Bajja both lavishly praises Plato, and quietly alters his teaching. He develops a novel version of the Platonic city, taken partly from Alfarabi, which completely excludes non-philosophers from it, arguing that the gap between purely intellectual philosophy and mostly corporeal politics is simply too great. This allows Ibn Bajja to escape many of the problems associated with the exposition and implementation of the city of the Republic and Political Regime, but raises a new difficulty, namely, the relationship of the (...)
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  19.  4
    Beyond Law and Poetry: On Two Recent Festschriften.Alex Priou - 2022 - Polis 39 (2):391-407.
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  20.  2
    Between Specters of War and Vision of Peace: Dialogic Political Theory and the Challenges of Politics, Written by Gerald M. Mara.Avshalom M. Schwartz - 2022 - Polis 39 (2):409-413.
  21.  3
    Conspicuous by Their Presence: Brutus, Cassius, and Cato the Younger in the Writings of Tacitus.Thomas E. Strunk - 2022 - Polis 39 (2):346-367.
    Tacitus is an unlikely source for our study of Brutus, Cassius, and Cato, as they stand outside the chronological framework of Tacitus’ writings; nonetheless, they do appear a number of times throughout his works, and Tacitus portrays them with nuance and significance. As Brutus, Cassius, and Cato are rarely the precise focus for Tacitus, they are often referred to obliquely or in dialogue or speeches typically regarding treason and liberty. This paper will explore Tacitus’ depiction of Brutus, Cassius, and Cato (...)
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  22.  2
    Geordnete Gemeinschaft. Politische Autarkie Bei Aristoteles.Simon Varga - 2022 - Polis 39 (2):303-326.
    In Aristotelian understanding, political autarky does not imply individual isolation, but the order of all human relationships within the community. The final aim is not ‘not-needing-anybody-else-anymore’, the independent identity, but the collective-cooperative shaping and ordering of life in the immediate forms of community. This includes in a special way basic social-anthropological elements, economic activities, civic organization, social-ethical reflection and friendship. These core elements of Aristotle’s specific political autarky make it clear that man is not only a zōon politikon but also (...)
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  23.  3
    Recognition and Redistribution in Aristotle’s Account of Stasis.Douglas Cairns, Mirko Canevaro & Kleanthis Mantzouranis - 2022 - Polis 39 (1):1-34.
    In Politics 5.1–3, Aristotle sees different conceptions of proportional equality and justice as the fundamental causes of stasis and metabolē. His account shows what happens to notions of ‘particular’ justice when they become causes of individual and collective action in pursuit of moral and political revolution. The whole discussion of the causes of stasis should be read through the filter of individual/group motivation – as a reflection of what goes on in the heads of those who engage in stasis. Movements (...)
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  24.  5
    Cynicism as Immanent Critique: Diogenes and the Philosophy of Transvaluation.Darren Gardner - 2022 - Polis 39 (1):123-148.
    I argue that Diogenes and early Cynicism can be understood in an explicitly social and political context, where Cynic praxis, performative public action, can be seen to make visible oppositions inherent to the polity. In doing so, Diogenes’ praxis should be understood as a form of immanent critique, one that demonstrates, for example, that nature and custom are interrelated oppositions in the polis. Cynicism here is understood as a form of immanent critique because Diogenes challenges the social norms of the (...)
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  25.  1
    Law and Economic Growth in Ancient Athens.Edward M. Harris - 2022 - Polis 39 (1):203-212.
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  26.  8
    The Beautiful in Aristotle’s Ethics.David H. Little - 2022 - Polis 39 (1):149-163.
    This article argues for an aesthetic reading of to kalon, primarily as it appears in Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics. Aristotle uses to kalon to indicate that, to the morally serious, virtue is attractive and productive of a kind of pleasure. Read aesthetically, to kalon mitigates the tension between one’s own good and the common good. Aristotle shows how his students’ understanding of to kalon can be refined and thus preserved as an important and salutary feature of moral and political life.
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  27.  3
    Cyrus’ Beehive: Ruling Eros and with Eros in Xenophon’s Cyropaedia.Antoine Pageau-St-Hilaire - 2022 - Polis 39 (1):99-122.
    This paper examines the role of love in Xenophon’s Cyropaedia. I argue that an essential aspect of Cyrus’ knowledgeable rule is a specific understanding of eros and a corresponding strategy to cope with the power of love. Specifically, I contend that by exploiting a common Greek distinction between the beloved and the lover, he articulates the view that lovers are subjects or even slaves to their beloved who deceive themselves into thinking that their attraction and the ensuing behaviors are voluntary. (...)
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  28.  11
    Odd, Idle, and Vicious: Plato’s Use of Public Opinion in His Characterization of the Philosopher in Republic VI.Trinidad Silva - 2022 - Polis 39 (1):164-184.
    Plato’s characterization of the philosopher often emerges as a way to respond to popular conceptions and representations of the intellectual in Athenian society. In book 6 of the Republic in particular, he articulates his greatest defense of the philosopher against two major charges – that of being vicious and useless. Voicing what appears to be a commonly held view among Athenians, this representation of the philosopher is raised by Adeimantus as an objection to Socrates’ proposal of a philosopher-king. Surprisingly, rather (...)
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  29.  1
    Demagogues and Demagoguery in Hellenistic Greece.Matt Simonton - 2022 - Polis 39 (1):35-76.
    This paper introduces scholars of Greek political thought to the continued existence of the phenomenon of demagoguery, or ‘leadership of the people’, in the Hellenistic period. After summarizing Classical elite discourse about demagoguery, I explore three areas in which political leaders continued to run afoul of elite norms in Hellenistic democratic poleis: 1) political persecution of the wealthier members of a political community; 2) ‘pandering to’ the people in a way considered infra dignitatem; and 3) stoking bellicosity among the common (...)
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  30.  3
    Eumenides and the Invention of Politics.Peter J. Steinberger - 2022 - Polis 39 (1):77-98.
    Recent scholarship has shown that the Eumenides of Aeschylus, far from presenting a complete and coherent picture of the well-ordered polis, in fact offers something quite different, namely, a complex set of questions, concerns and conundrums regarding the very nature of political society. But I suggest that the literature has not yet provided a fully satisfying account of the ways in which those questions are underwritten by the specifically literary practice of Aeschylus as it develops the play’s larger theoretical – (...)
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  31.  4
    Platonic and Aristotelian Teichopolitics.Adam Woodcox - 2022 - Polis 39 (1):185-202.
    This paper provides a sustained investigation into ancient teichopolitics – the politics of constructing walls – and the question of whether the best city should be surrounded by walls. Plato’s Laws adopts the Spartan view that walls have a negative effect on national character and argues that they should be ‘left lying asleep and undisturbed in the ground’. Aristotle’s Politics puts forward a series of objections to Plato and adopts the more pragmatic view that walls are necessary. Although both philosophers (...)
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  32. DVPB aktuell.Bärbel Bas, Tilman Grammes, Sibylle Reinhardt, Tim Unger, Hans-Werner Küster & Michél Murawa - 2022 - Polis 26 (2):25-31.
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  33. Zur Politik der Demokratiebildung.Julika Bürgin - 2022 - Polis 26 (2):14-16.
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  34. Terra Democratica – Demokratiepolitische Kartographie. Wie Kommende Demokrat*Innen Orientieren?Werner Friedrichs - 2022 - Polis 26 (2):17-20.
  35.  1
    Ich weiß, dass ich nichts weiß – Eine Schüler:inneninitiative setzte sich (erfolgreich) für eine Stärkung der Politischen Bildung an Berliner Schulen ein – ein Resümee.Julius Gast - 2022 - Polis 26 (2):21-24.
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  36. Literatur.Julia Grün-Neuhof & Georg Gläser - 2022 - Polis 26 (2):32-34.
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  37.  1
    Politik der Politischen Bildung?!Dirk Lange & Patrick Bredl - 2022 - Polis 26 (2):1-3.
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  38.  1
    Politische Bildung zum Krieg in der Ukraine.Klaus Moegling - 2022 - Polis 26 (2):4-6.
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  39.  1
    Die Vorgeschichte der DVPB bis zu ihrer Gründung 1965.Hans-Joachim von Olberg - 2022 - Polis 26 (2):10-13.
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  40. Governance-Strategien für politische Bildung – am Beispiel der Auseinandersetzung um #SowiBleibt.Franziska Wittau & Bettina Zurstrassen - 2022 - Polis 26 (2):7-9.
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  41.  2
    Literatur.Theresa Bechtel, Wolfgang Sander & Katharina Hoffmann - 2022 - Polis 26 (1):32-34.
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  42.  2
    Auf den Prüfstand: Die mangelnde Repräsentanz von Frauen in der Forschung zu politischer Bildung.Helle Becker - 2022 - Polis 26 (1):7-10.
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  43.  1
    Wir haben ein spannendes Angebot, weil wir keine einfachen Antworten präsentieren, sondern Ambiguitätstoleranz fordern und fördern.Christian Boeser, Susanne Offen & Elia Scaramuzza - 2022 - Polis 26 (1):15-18.
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  44.  6
    Zwischen Chancen und Zwängen – Potenziale und Hindernisse genderbewusster (politischer) Bildung in der Schule.Judith Goetz - 2022 - Polis 26 (1):11-14.
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  45.  3
    Der Koalitionsvertrag aus Perspektive der Politischen Bildung. Neue demokratiepolitische Impulse?Tim Rogge - 2022 - Polis 26 (1):4-6.
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  46.  1
    Der demokratische Beitrag von Homo-, Bi-, Trans- und Inter*freundlichkeit im Politikunterricht.Annika Spahn & Jonathan Vogt - 2022 - Polis 26 (1):19-24.
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  47.  3
    DVPB aktuell.Alexander Wohnig, Andrea Szukala, Moritz Peter Haarmann, Joshua Hausen, Steve Kenner, Stefan Fölker, Georg Mohr & Michael Sauer - 2022 - Polis 26 (1):25-31.
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  48.  1
    Politische Bildung nach der Bundestagswahl.Helle Becker & Thomas Stornig - 2022 - Polis 25 (4):4-6.
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  49.  1
    Corona-Politik im Planspiel.Christopher Christopher Hempel - 2022 - Polis 25 (4):22-25.
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  50.  3
    POLIS Podcast.Gudrun Heinrich & Steve Kenner - 2022 - Polis 25 (4):18-21.
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  51.  1
    Die außerschulische politische Bildung in Corona-Zeiten und danach?!Julia Oppermann - 2022 - Polis 25 (4):15-17.
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  52.  1
    Politikunterricht während der Corona-Pandemie.Kerstin Pohl, Lars Schreiber & Veit Straßner - 2022 - Polis 25 (4):7-10.
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  53.  1
    Literatur.Johannes Schillo, Johannes Drerup, Tim Isenberg, Thomas Beier & Hans-Joachim von Olberg - 2022 - Polis 25 (4):31-34.
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  54.  3
    Kinder und Jugendliche in der Corona-Krise.Martina Tschirner - 2022 - Polis 25 (4):11-14.
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  55.  1
    El marxismo como verdad en la obra tardía de Adolfo Sánchez Vázquez.Sergio Blanco Gonzalia - 2022 - Polis 18 (1):37-60.
  56.  1
    Escala de cohesión social a nivel de municipios en chile: Análisis psicométrico.Jessica Candia Cid, Yanet Quijada, Guillermo Sanhueza & Claudio Bustos - 2022 - Polis 18 (1):111-138.
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  57.  2
    Tito Livio Y maquiavelo. Roma: De la constitución monárquica a la republicana.Roberto García Jurado - 2022 - Polis 18 (1):7-23.
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  58.  1
    El Uso de la Evidencia Evaluativa En El Congreso Mexicano.Blanca López Rodríguez - 2022 - Polis 18 (1):139-199.
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  59.  1
    La capacidad institucional Del municipio mexicano, Una variable esencial Del federalismo tripartito.Josefina Maldonado Montes - 2022 - Polis 18 (1):83-109.
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  60.  2
    Forma valor Y forma jurídica. El capital desde el derecho: Una aproximación a la obra de óscar correas.Jaime Ortega Reyna - 2022 - Polis 18 (1):61-82.
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  61.  1
    Los Conceptos de Sistema Y Derecho Urbanos Analizados En El Contexto Hidalguense.Jaime Uribe Cortez - 2022 - Polis 18 (1):201-228.
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