Year:

  1. The Effect of Pedaling at Different Cadence on Attentional Resources.Mayu Akaiwa, Koki Iwata, Hidekazu Saito, Eriko Shibata, Takeshi Sasaki & Kazuhiro Sugawara - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    We investigated the relationship between attentional resources and pedaling cadence using electroencephalography to measure P300 amplitudes and latencies. Twenty-five healthy volunteers performed the oddball task while pedaling on a stationary bike or relaxing. We set them four conditions, namely, performing only the oddball task, performing the oddball task while pedaling at optimal cadence, performing the oddball task while pedaling faster than optimal cadence, and performing the oddball task while pedaling slower than optimal cadence. P300 amplitudes at Cz and Pz electrodes (...)
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  2. Effect of Obesity on Arithmetic Processing in Preteens With High and Low Math Skills: An Event-Related Potentials Study.Graciela C. Alatorre-Cruz, Heather Downs, Darcy Hagood, Seth T. Sorensen, D. Keith Williams & Linda J. Larson-Prior - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    Preadolescence is an important period for the consolidation of certain arithmetic facts, and the development of problem-solving strategies. Obese subjects seem to have poorer academic performance in math than their normal-weight peers, suggesting a negative effect of obesity on math skills in critical developmental periods. To test this hypothesis, event-related potentials were collected during a delayed-verification math task using simple addition and subtraction problems in obese [above 95th body mass index percentile] and non-obese preteens with different levels of math skill; (...)
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  3. Self-Perception and the Relation to Actual Driving Abilities for Individuals With Visual Field Loss.Jan Andersson, Tomas Bro & Timo Lajunen - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    BackgroundIn Sweden, individuals with visual field loss have their driving license withdrawn. The literature clearly indicates that individuals with VFL are unsafe drivers on a group level. However, many drivers with VFL can be safe on an individual level. The literature also suggests that self-perception, beliefs, and insights of one’s own capabilities are related to driving performance. This study had three aims: To investigate self-perceived driving capability ratings for individuals with VFL; to compare these ratings between groups with different medical (...)
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  4. What Does the General Public Know (or Not) About Neuroscience? Effects of Age, Region and Profession in Brazil.Analía Arévalo, Estefania Simoes, Fernanda Petinati & Guilherme Lepski - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    The field of Neuroscience has experienced a growing interest in recent decades, which has led to an exponential growth in the amount of related information made available online as well as the market for Neuroscience-related courses. While this type of knowledge can be greatly beneficial to people working in science, health and education, it can also benefit individuals in other areas. For example, neuroscience knowledge can help people from all fields better understand and critique information about new discoveries or products, (...)
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  5. Editorial: Psychology and Neuropsychology of Perception, Action, and Cognition.Jane E. Aspell, Els Ortibus & Silvio Ionta - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
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  6.  1
    Editorial: Sensing the World Through Predictions and Errors.Ryszard Auksztulewicz, Marta I. Garrido, Manuel S. Malmierca, Alessandro Tavano, Juanita Todd & István Winkler - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
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  7. A Preliminary Study of the Efficacy of Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation in Trigeminal Neuralgia.Babak Babakhani, Narges Hoseini Tabatabaei, Kost Elisevich, Narges Sadeghbeigi, Mojtaba Barzegar, Neda Mohammadi Mobarakeh, Fatemeh Eyvazi, Zahra Khazaeipour, Arman Taheri & Mohammad-Reza Nazem-Zadeh - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    The purpose of this study is to assess the efficacy of transcranial direct current stimulation in patients with treatment-refractory trigeminal neuralgia and examine the utility of neuroimaging methods in identifying markers of such efficacy. Six patients with classical TN refractory to maximal medical treatment, underwent tDCS. All patients underwent pre- and posttreatment functional magnetic resonance imaging during block-design tasks as well as single-shell diffusion MRI acquisition. The precise locations of tDCS electrodes were identified by neuronavigation. Five therapeutic tDCS sessions were (...)
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  8. Multimodal Evidence of Atypical Processing of Eye Gaze and Facial Emotion in Children With Autistic Traits.Shadi Bagherzadeh-Azbari, Gilbert Ka Bo Lau, Guang Ouyang, Changsong Zhou, Andrea Hildebrandt, Werner Sommer & Ming Lui - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    According to the shared signal hypothesis the impact of facial expressions on emotion processing partially depends on whether the gaze is directed toward or away from the observer. In autism spectrum disorder several aspects of face processing have been found to be atypical, including attention to eye gaze and the identification of emotional expressions. However, there is little research on how gaze direction affects emotional expression processing in typically developing individuals and in those with ASD. This question is investigated here (...)
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  9. Circadian Variation of Migraine Attack Onset Affects fMRI Brain Response to Fearful Faces.Daniel Baksa, Edina Szabo, Natalia Kocsel, Attila Galambos, Andrea Edit Edes, Dorottya Pap, Terezia Zsombok, Mate Magyar, Kinga Gecse, Dora Dobos, Lajos Rudolf Kozak, Gyorgy Bagdy, Gyongyi Kokonyei & Gabriella Juhasz - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    BackgroundPrevious studies suggested a circadian variation of migraine attack onset, although, with contradictory results – possibly because of the existence of migraine subgroups with different circadian attack onset peaks. Migraine is primarily a brain disorder, and if the diversity in daily distribution of migraine attack onset reflects an important aspect of migraine, it may also associate with interictal brain activity. Our goal was to assess brain activity differences in episodic migraine subgroups who were classified according to their typical circadian peak (...)
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  10. Neural Correlates of Executed Compared to Imagined Writing and Drawing Movements: A Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging Study.Alexander Baumann, Inken Tödt, Arne Knutzen, Carl Alexander Gless, Oliver Granert, Stephan Wolff, Christian Marquardt, Jos S. Becktepe, Sönke Peters, Karsten Witt & Kirsten E. Zeuner - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    ObjectiveIn this study we used functional magnetic resonance imaging to investigate whether motor imagery of handwriting and circle drawing activates a similar handwriting network as writing and drawing itself.MethodsEighteen healthy right-handed participants wrote the German word “Wellen” and drew continuously circles in a sitting and lying position to capture kinematic handwriting parameters such as velocity, pressure and regularity of hand movements. Afterward, they performed the same tasks during fMRI in a MI and an executed condition.ResultsThe kinematic analysis revealed a general (...)
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  11. The Proactive Synergy Between Action Observation and Execution in the Acquisition of New Motor Skills.Maria Chiara Bazzini, Arturo Nuara, Emilia Scalona, Doriana De Marco, Giacomo Rizzolatti, Pietro Avanzini & Maddalena Fabbri-Destro - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    Motor learning can be defined as a process that leads to relatively permanent changes in motor behavior through repeated interactions with the environment. Different strategies can be adopted to achieve motor learning: movements can be overtly practiced leading to an amelioration of motor performance; alternatively, covert strategies can promote neuroplastic changes in the motor system even in the absence of real movement execution. However, whether a training regularly alternating action observation and execution may surpass the pure motor practice and observational (...)
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  12. The Neural Representation of a Repeated Standard Stimulus in Dyslexia.Sara D. Beach, Ola Ozernov-Palchik, Sidney C. May, Tracy M. Centanni, Tyler K. Perrachione, Dimitrios Pantazis & John D. E. Gabrieli - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    The neural representation of a repeated stimulus is the standard against which a deviant stimulus is measured in the brain, giving rise to the well-known mismatch response. It has been suggested that individuals with dyslexia have poor implicit memory for recently repeated stimuli, such as the train of standards in an oddball paradigm. Here, we examined how the neural representation of a standard emerges over repetitions, asking whether there is less sensitivity to repetition and/or less accrual of “standardness” over successive (...)
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  13.  2
    Responsive Neurostimulation Targeting the Anterior, Centromedian and Pulvinar Thalamic Nuclei and the Detection of Electrographic Seizures in Pediatric and Young Adult Patients.Cameron P. Beaudreault, Carrie R. Muh, Alexandria Naftchi, Eris Spirollari, Ankita Das, Sima Vazquez, Vishad V. Sukul, Philip J. Overby, Michael E. Tobias, Patricia E. McGoldrick & Steven M. Wolf - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    BackgroundResponsive neurostimulation has been utilized as a treatment for intractable epilepsy. The RNS System delivers stimulation in response to detected abnormal activity, via leads covering the seizure foci, in response to detections of predefined epileptiform activity with the goal of decreasing seizure frequency and severity. While thalamic leads are often implanted in combination with cortical strip leads, implantation and stimulation with bilateral thalamic leads alone is less common, and the ability to detect electrographic seizures using RNS System thalamic leads is (...)
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  14. Editorial: Cognitive and Motor Control Based on Brain-Computer Interfaces for Improving the Health and Well-Being in Older Age.Abdelkader Nasreddine Belkacem, Tiago H. Falk, Takufumi Yanagisawa & Christoph Guger - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
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  15. Neural Correlates of Attachment Representation in Patients With Borderline Personality Disorder Using a Personalized Functional Magnet Resonance Imaging Task.Dorothee Bernheim, Anna Buchheim, Martin Domin, Renate Mentel & Martin Lotze - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    BackgroundFear of abandonment and aloneness play a key role in the clinical understanding interpersonal and attachment-specific problems in patients with borderline personality disorder and has been investigated in previous functional Magnet Resonance Imaging studies. The aim of the present study was to examine how different aspects of attachment representations are processed in BPD, by using for the first time an fMRI attachment paradigm including personalized core sentences from the participants’ own attachment stories. We hypothesized that BPD patients would show increased (...)
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  16. Linking Signal Relevancy and Intensity in Predictive Tactile Suppression.Marie C. Beyvers, Lindsey E. Fraser & Katja Fiehler - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    Predictable somatosensory feedback leads to a reduction in tactile sensitivity. This phenomenon, called tactile suppression, relies on a mechanism that uses an efference copy of motor commands to help select relevant aspects of incoming sensory signals. We investigated whether tactile suppression is modulated by the task-relevancy of the predicted consequences of movement and the intensity of related somatosensory feedback signals. Participants reached to a target region in the air in front of a screen; visual or tactile feedback indicated the reach (...)
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  17.  1
    The Acceptability, Feasibility, and Utility of Portable Electroencephalography to Study Resting-State Neurophysiology in Rural Communities.Supriya Bhavnani, Dhanya Parameshwaran, Kamal Kant Sharma, Debarati Mukherjee, Gauri Divan, Vikram Patel & Tara C. Thiagarajan - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    Electroencephalography provides a non-invasive means to advancing our understanding of the development and function of the brain. However, the majority of the world’s population residing in low and middle income countries has historically been limited from contributing to, and thereby benefiting from, such neurophysiological research, due to lack of scalable validated methods of EEG data collection. In this study, we establish a standard operating protocol to collect approximately 3 min each of eyes-open and eyes-closed resting-state EEG data using a low-cost (...)
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  18. Inhibitory Control and the Structural Parcelation of the Right Inferior Frontal Gyrus.Rune Boen, Liisa Raud & Rene J. Huster - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    The right inferior frontal gyrus has most strongly, although not exclusively, been associated with response inhibition, not least based on covariations of behavioral performance measures and local gray matter characteristics. However, the white matter microstructure of the rIFG as well as its connectivity has been less in focus, especially when it comes to the consideration of potential subdivisions within this area. The present study reconstructed the structural connections of the three main subregions of the rIFG using diffusion tensor imaging, and (...)
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  19.  3
    Stimulation Parameters Used During Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation for Motor Recovery and Corticospinal Excitability Modulation in SCI: A Scoping Review.Nabila Brihmat, Didier Allexandre, Soha Saleh, Jian Zhong, Guang H. Yue & Gail F. Forrest - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    There is a growing interest in non-invasive stimulation interventions as treatment strategies to improve functional outcomes and recovery after spinal cord injury. Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation is a neuromodulatory intervention which has the potential to reinforce the residual spinal and supraspinal pathways and induce plasticity. Recent reviews have highlighted the therapeutic potential and the beneficial effects of rTMS on motor function, spasticity, and corticospinal excitability modulation in SCI individuals. For this scoping review, we focus on the stimulation parameters used in (...)
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  20. Does Prefrontal Glutamate Index Cognitive Changes in Parkinson’s Disease?Isabelle Buard, Natalie Lopez-Esquibel, Finnuella J. Carey, Mark S. Brown, Luis D. Medina, Eugene Kronberg, Christine S. Martin, Sarah Rogers, Samantha K. Holden, Michael R. Greher & Benzi M. Kluger - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    IntroductionCognitive impairment is a highly prevalent non-motor feature of Parkinson’s disease. A better understanding of the underlying pathophysiology may help in identifying therapeutic targets to prevent or treat dementia. This study sought to identify metabolic alterations in the prefrontal cortex, a key region for cognitive functioning that has been implicated in cognitive dysfunction in PD.MethodsProton Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy was used to investigate metabolic changes in the PFC of a cohort of cognitively normal individuals without PD, as well as PD participants (...)
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  21. Mixed Neuropathologies, Neural Motor Resilience and Target Discovery for Therapies of Late-Life Motor Impairment.Aron S. Buchman & David A. Bennett - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    By age 85, most adults manifest some degree of motor impairment. However, in most individuals a specific etiology for motor decline and treatment to modify its inexorable progression cannot be identified. Recent clinical-pathologic studies provide evidence that mixed-brain pathologies are commonly associated with late-life motor impairment. Yet, while nearly all older adults show some degree of accumulation of Alzheimer’s disease and related dementias pathologies, the extent to which these pathologies contribute to motor decline varies widely from person to person. Slower (...)
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  22. Differential Diagnosis of Akinetic Mutism and Disorder of Consciousness Using Diffusion Tensor Tractography: A Case Report.Dong Hyun Byun & Sung Ho Jang - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    This paper presents a case in whom a differential diagnosis of akinetic mutism with a disorder of consciousness was made using diffusion tensor tractography. A 69-year-old female patient was diagnosed with subarachnoid hemorrhage, intraventricular hemorrhage, and intracerebral hemorrhage produced by the subarachnoid hemorrhage. She exhibited impaired consciousness with a Coma Recovery Scale-Revised score of 13 until 1 month after onset. Her impaired consciousness recovered slowly to a normal state according to the Coma Recovery Scale-Revised at 7 weeks after onset. On (...)
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  23. Corrigendum: Yoga, Meditation and Mind-Body Health: Increased BDNF, Cortisol Awakening Response, and Altered Inflammatory Marker Expression After a 3-Month Yoga and Meditation Retreat.B. Rael Cahn, Matthew S. Goodman, Christine T. Peterson, Raj Maturi & Paul J. Mills - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
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  24. Effect of Exercise on the Cognitive Function of Older Patients With Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.Yi-Hui Cai, Zi Wang, Le-Yi Feng & Guo-Xin Ni - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    BackgroundAging and type 2 diabetes mellitus are important risk factors for the development of cognitive deterioration and dementia. The objective of this research was to investigate the effects of an exercise intervention on cognitive function in older T2DM patients.MethodsEight literature databases were searched from inception to 20 January 2022. The researchers examined randomized controlled trials that evaluated the impact of exercise on the cognitive performance of older T2DM patients. The Cochrane risk-of-bias tool for RCTs was used to assess each study. (...)
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  25. Correlation Between Resting Theta Power and Cognitive Performance in Patients With Schizophrenia.Yanxiang Cao, Chuanliang Han, Xing Peng, Ziyao Su, Gan Liu, Yixi Xie, Yiting Zhang, Jun Liu, Pei Zhang, Wen Dong, Michel Gao, Sha Sha & Xixi Zhao - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    ObjectiveSchizophrenia is a mental disorder that is characterized by progressive cognitive impairment. Objective measures of cognitive function may provide reliable neurobiomarkers for patients with schizophrenia. The goal of the current work is to explore the correlation between resting theta power and cognitive performance in patients with schizophrenia.MethodsTwenty-two patients with schizophrenia and 23 age-, sex-, and education-matched healthy controls were included in this study. The MATRICS Consensus Cognitive Battery was used for cognitive evaluation and the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale for (...)
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  26. Editorial: Mechanisms Underlying the Interplay Between Cognition and Motor Control: From Bench to Bedside.Thomas Carsten, Gerard Derosiere, Maximilian J. Wessel, Friedhelm C. Hummel & Julie Duque - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
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  27. Software Bug Detection Causes a Shift From Bottom-Up to Top-Down Effective Connectivity Involving the Insula Within the Error-Monitoring Network.Joao Castelhano, Isabel C. Duarte, Ricardo Couceiro, Julio Medeiros, Joao Duraes, Sónia Afonso, Henrique Madeira & Miguel Castelo-Branco - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    The neural correlates of software programming skills have been the target of an increasing number of studies in the past few years. Those studies focused on error-monitoring during software code inspection. Others have studied task-related cognitive load as measured by distinct neurophysiological measures. Most studies addressed only syntax errors. However, a recent functional MRI study suggested a pivotal role of the insula during error-monitoring when challenging deep-level analysis of code inspection was required. This raised the hypothesis that the insula is (...)
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  28. Molecular and Brain Volume Changes Following Aerobic Exercise, Cognitive and Combined Training in Physically Inactive Healthy Late-Middle-Aged Adults: The Projecte Moviment Randomized Controlled Trial.Alba Castells-Sánchez, Francesca Roig-Coll, Rosalía Dacosta-Aguayo, Noemí Lamonja-Vicente, Pere Torán-Monserrat, Guillem Pera, Alberto García-Molina, José Maria Tormos, Pilar Montero-Alía, Antonio Heras-Tébar, Juan José Soriano-Raya, Cynthia Cáceres, Sira Domènech, Marc Via, Kirk I. Erickson & Maria Mataró - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    Behavioral interventions have shown promising neuroprotective effects, but the cascade of molecular, brain and behavioral changes involved in these benefits remains poorly understood. Projecte Moviment is a 12-week multi-domain, single-blind, proof-of-concept randomized controlled trial examining the cognitive effect and underlying mechanisms of an aerobic exercise, computerized cognitive training and a combined groups compared to a waitlist control group. Adherence was > 80% for 82/109 participants recruited. In this study we report intervention-related changes in plasma biomarkers and structural-MRI and how they (...)
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  29.  3
    Brain Computer Interfaces and Communication Disabilities: Ethical, Legal, and Social Aspects of Decoding Speech From the Brain.Jennifer A. Chandler, Kiah I. Van der Loos, Susan Boehnke, Jonas S. Beaudry, Daniel Z. Buchman & Judy Illes - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    A brain-computer interface technology that can decode the neural signals associated with attempted but unarticulated speech could offer a future efficient means of communication for people with severe motor impairments. Recent demonstrations have validated this approach. Here we assume that it will be possible in future to decode imagined speech in people with severe motor impairments, and we consider the characteristics that could maximize the social utility of a BCI for communication. As a social interaction, communication involves the needs and (...)
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  30. The Differentiation of Self-Motion From External Motion Is a Prerequisite for Postural Control: A Narrative Review of Visual-Vestibular Interaction.Shikha Chaudhary, Nicola Saywell & Denise Taylor - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    The visual system is a source of sensory information that perceives environmental stimuli and interacts with other sensory systems to generate visual and postural responses to maintain postural stability. Although the three sensory systems; the visual, vestibular, and somatosensory systems work concurrently to maintain postural control, the visual and vestibular system interaction is vital to differentiate self-motion from external motion to maintain postural stability. The visual system influences postural control playing a key role in perceiving information required for this differentiation. (...)
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  31. Cognitive Control Deficits in Children With Subthreshold Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder.Caiqi Chen, Zhuangyang Li, Xiqin Liu, Yongling Pan & Tingting Wu - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    Subthreshold Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder is defined as a neurobiological condition with some core inattentive or hyperactive/impulsive symptoms of ADHD which do not meet the full diagnosis clinically. Although it has been well documented that deficits in cognitive control, a high-level cognitive construct closely related to attention, are frequently found among children with ADHD, whether subthreshold ADHD is also associated with similar deficits remains unclear. In this study, we examined the attention functions and the cognitive control capacity in children with ADHD, those (...)
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  32. Brain Structure as a Correlate of Odor Identification and Cognition in Type 2 Diabetes.Mimi Chen, Jie Wang, Shanlei Zhou, Cun Zhang, Datong Deng, Fujun Liu, Wei Luo, Jiajia Zhu & Yongqiang Yu - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    Background: It has been reported that type 2 diabetes is associated with olfactory identification impairments and cognitive decline. However, the relationship between OI impairments and cognitive decline is largely unknown in T2DM patients.Methods: Sixty-eight T2DM patients and 68 healthy controls underwent 3D-T1 MRI scans, olfactory and cognitive assessments. The cortical thickness of olfaction-related brain regions, olfactory and cognitive scores were compared between groups. Correlation analyses were carried out among cognition, olfaction, and cortical thickness of olfaction-related brain regions.Results: First, the cognitive (...)
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  33. Effect of Anesthetics on Functional Connectivity of Developing Brain.Xu Chen, Xuemei Zheng, Jianghui Cai, Xiao Yang, Yonghong Lin, Mengjun Wu, Xiaofan Deng & Yong G. Peng - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    The potential anesthetic neurotoxicity on the neonate is an important focus of research investigation in the field of pediatric anesthesiology. It is essential to understand how these anesthetics may affect the development and growth of neonatal immature and vulnerable brains. Functional magnetic resonance imaging has suggested that using anesthetics result in reduced functional connectivity may consider as core sequence for the neurotoxicity and neurodegenerative changes in the developed brain. Anesthetics either directly impact the primary structures and functions of the brain (...)
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  34.  1
    Processing Self-Related Information Under Non-Attentional Conditions Revealed by Visual MMN.Sizhe Cheng, Xinhong Li, Qingchen Zhan, Yapei Wang, Yaning Guo, Wei Huang, Yang Cao, Tingwei Feng, Hui Wang, Shengjun Wu, Fei An, Xiuchao Wang, Lun Zhao & Xufeng Liu - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    Mismatch negativity of event-related potentials is a biomarker reflecting the preattentional change detection under non-attentional conditions. This study was performed to explore whether high self-related information could elicit MMN in the visual channel, indicating the automatic processing of self-related information at the preattentional stage. Thirty-five participants were recruited and asked to list 25 city names including the birthplace. According to the difference of relevance reported from the participants, we divided names of the different cities into high, medium, and low self-related (...)
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  35. How to Decide the Number of Gait Cycles in Different Low-Pass Filters to Extract Motor Modules by Non-Negative Matrix Factorization During Walking in Chronic Post-Stroke Patients.Yuta Chujo, Kimihiko Mori, Tomoki Kitawaki, Masanori Wakida, Tomoyuki Noda & Kimitaka Hase - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    The motor modules during human walking are identified using non-negative matrix factorization from surface electromyography signals. The extraction of motor modules in healthy participants is affected by the change in pre-processing of EMG signals, such as low-pass filters ; however, the effect of different pre-processing methods, such as the number of necessary gait cycles in post-stroke patients with varying steps, remains unknown. We aimed to specify that the number of GCs influenced the motor modules extracted in the consideration of LPFs (...)
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  36. Editorial: Still Searching for the Origin of Migraine: From Comorbidities to Chronicization.Gianluca Coppola, Roberta Messina, Linxin Li & Claudia Altamura - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
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  37. Pediatric Responses to Fundamental and Formant Frequency Altered Auditory Feedback: A Scoping Review.Caitlin Coughler, Keelia L. Quinn de Launay, David W. Purcell, Janis Oram Cardy & Deryk S. Beal - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    PurposeThe ability to hear ourselves speak has been shown to play an important role in the development and maintenance of fluent and coherent speech. Despite this, little is known about the developing speech motor control system throughout childhood, in particular if and how vocal and articulatory control may differ throughout development. A scoping review was undertaken to identify and describe the full range of studies investigating responses to frequency altered auditory feedback in pediatric populations and their contributions to our understanding (...)
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  38. Editorial: When the Body Feels Like Mine: Constructing and Deconstructing the Sense of Body Ownership Through the Lifespan.Laura Crucianelli, Carissa J. Cascio, Roy Salomon & Gerardo Salvato - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
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  39. Neuroplasticity in Motor Learning Under Variable and Constant Practice Conditions—Protocol of Randomized Controlled Trial.Stanisław H. Czyż, Jarosław Marusiak, Patrícia Klobušiaková, Zuzana Sajdlová & Irena Rektorová - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    BackgroundThere is numerous literature on mechanisms underlying variability of practice advantages. Literature includes both behavioral and neuroimaging studies. Unfortunately, no studies are focusing on practice in constant conditions to the best of our knowledge. Hence it is essential to assess possible differences in mechanisms of neuroplasticity between constant vs. variable practice conditions. The primary objectives of the study described in this protocol will be: to determine the brain’s structural and functional changes following constant and variable practice conditions in motor learning (...)
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  40. Structural Features Predict Sexual Trauma and Interpersonal Problems in Borderline Personality Disorder but Not in Controls: A Multi-Voxel Pattern Analysis.Harold Dadomo, Gerardo Salvato, Gaia Lapomarda, Zafer Ciftci, Irene Messina & Alessandro Grecucci - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    Child trauma plays an important role in the etiology of Bordeline Personality Disorder. Of all traumas, sexual trauma is the most common, severe and most associated with receiving a BPD diagnosis when adult. Etiologic models posit sexual abuse as a prognostic factor in BPD. Here we apply machine learning using Multiple Kernel Regression to the Magnetic Resonance Structural Images of 20 BPD and 13 healthy control to see whether their brain predicts five sources of traumas: sex abuse, emotion neglect, emotional (...)
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  41. Chronic Pain in the Elderly: Mechanisms and Perspectives.Ana P. A. Dagnino & Maria M. Campos - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    Chronic pain affects a large part of the population causing functional disability, being often associated with coexisting psychological disorders, such as depression and anxiety, besides cognitive deficits, and sleep disturbance. The world elderly population has been growing over the last decades and the negative consequences of chronic pain for these individuals represent a current clinical challenge. The main painful complaints in the elderly are related to neurodegenerative and musculoskeletal conditions, peripheral vascular diseases, arthritis, and osteoarthritis, contributing toward poorly life quality, (...)
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  42.  2
    Pre-Stimulus Alpha Activity Modulates Face and Object Processing in the Intra-Parietal Sulcus, a MEG Study.Narjes Soltani Dehaghani, Burkhard Maess, Reza Khosrowabadi, Reza Lashgari, Sven Braeutigam & Mojtaba Zarei - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    Face perception is crucial in all social animals. Recent studies have shown that pre-stimulus oscillations of brain activity modulate the perceptual performance of face vs. non-face stimuli, specifically under challenging conditions. However, it is unclear if this effect also occurs during simple tasks, and if so in which brain regions. Here we used magnetoencephalography and a 1-back task in which participants decided if the two sequentially presented stimuli were the same or not in each trial. The aim of the study (...)
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  43. Editorial: Advanced Neuroimaging Methods in Brain Disorders.Jurong Ding, Wei Liao & Dajiang Zhu - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
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  44. The Effect of Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation of Cerebellar Swallowing Cortex on Brain Neural Activities: A Resting-State fMRI Study.Linghui Dong, Wenshuai Ma, Qiang Wang, Xiaona Pan, Yuyang Wang, Chao Han & Pingping Meng - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    ObjectiveThe effects and possible mechanisms of cerebellar high-frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation on swallowing-related neural networks were studied using resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging.MethodA total of 23 healthy volunteers were recruited, and 19 healthy volunteers were finally included for the statistical analysis. Before stimulation, the cerebellar hemisphere dominant for swallowing was determined by the single-pulse TMS. The cerebellar representation of the suprahyoid muscles of this hemisphere was selected as the target for stimulation with 10 Hz rTMS, 100% resting motor threshold, (...)
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  45. Obesity, Psychological Distress, and Resting State Connectivity of the Hippocampus and Amygdala Among Women With Early-Stage Breast Cancer.Shannon D. Donofry, Alina Lesnovskaya, Jermon A. Drake, Hayley S. Ripperger, Alysha D. Gilmore, Patrick T. Donahue, Mary E. Crisafio, George Grove, Amanda L. Gentry, Susan M. Sereika, Catherine M. Bender & Kirk I. Erickson - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    ObjectiveOverweight and obesity [body mass index ≥ 25 kg/m2] are associated with poorer prognosis among women with breast cancer, and weight gain is common during treatment. Symptoms of depression and anxiety are also highly prevalent in women with breast cancer and may be exacerbated by post-diagnosis weight gain. Altered brain function may underlie psychological distress. Thus, this secondary analysis examined the relationship between BMI, psychological health, and resting state functional connectivity among women with breast cancer.MethodsThe sample included 34 post-menopausal women (...)
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  46. Upward Shifts in the Internal Representation of Frequency Can Persist Over a 3-Year Period for Cochlear Implant Patients Fit With a Relatively Short Electrode Array.Michael F. Dorman, Sarah C. Natale, Jack H. Noble & Daniel M. Zeitler - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    Patients fit with cochlear implants commonly indicate at the time of device fitting and for some time after, that the speech signal sounds abnormal. A high pitch or timbre is one component of the abnormal percept. In this project, our aim was to determine whether a number of years of CI use reduced perceived upshifts in frequency spectrum and/or voice fundamental frequency. The participants were five individuals who were deaf in one ear and who had normal hearing in the other (...)
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  47. The Influence of the Modulation Index on Frequency-Modulated Steady-State Visual Evoked Potentials.Alexander M. Dreyer, Benjamin L. A. Heikkinen & Christoph S. Herrmann - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    Based on increased user experience during stimulation, frequency-modulated steady-state visual evoked potentials have been suggested as an improved stimulation method for brain-computer interfaces. Adapting such a novel stimulation paradigm requires in-depth analyses of all different stimulation parameters and their influence on brain responses as well as the user experience during the stimulation. In the current manuscript, we assess the influence of different values for the modulation index, which determine the spectral distribution in the stimulation signal on FM-SSVEPs. We visually stimulated (...)
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  48.  3
    The Neural Mechanism of Long-Term Motor Training Affecting Athletes’ Decision-Making Function: An Activation Likelihood Estimation Meta-Analysis.Ying Du, Lingxiao He, Yiyan Wang & Dengbin Liao - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    Decision-making is an advanced cognitive function that promotes information processes in complex motor situations. In recent years, many neuroimaging studies have assessed the effects of long-term motor training on athletes’ brain activity while performing decision-making tasks, but the findings have been inconsistent and a large amount of data has not been quantitatively summarized until now. Therefore, this study aimed to identify the neural mechanism of long-term motor training affecting the decision-making function of athletes by using activation likelihood estimation meta-analysis. Altogether, (...)
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  49. The No-Report Paradigm: A Revolution in Consciousness Research?Irem Duman, Isabell Sophia Ehmann, Alicia Ronnie Gonsalves, Zeynep Gültekin, Jonathan Van den Berckt & Cees van Leeuwen - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    In the cognitive neuroscience of consciousness, participants have commonly been instructed to report their conscious content. This, it was claimed, risks confounding the neural correlates of consciousness with their preconditions, i.e., allocation of attention, and consequences, i.e., metacognitive reflection. Recently, the field has therefore been shifting towards no-report paradigms. No-report paradigms draw their validity from a direct comparison with no-report conditions. We analyze several examples of such comparisons and identify alternative interpretations of their results and/or methodological issues in all cases. (...)
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  50. No Evidence for a Boost in Psychosocial Functioning in Older Age After a 6-Months Physical Exercise Intervention.Sandra Düzel, Johanna Drewelies, Sarah E. Polk, Carola Misgeld, Johanna Porst, Bernd Wolfarth, Simone Kühn, Andreas M. Brandmaier & Elisabeth Wenger - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    The beneficial effects of physical exercise on physical health and cognitive functioning have been repeatedly shown. However, evidence of its effect on psychosocial functioning in healthy adults is still scarce or inconclusive. One limitation of many studies examining this link is their reliance on correlational approaches or specific subpopulations, such as clinical populations. The present study investigated the effects of a physical exercise intervention on key factors of psychosocial functioning, specifically well-being, stress, loneliness, and future time perspective. We used data (...)
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  51. A Multidimensional Investigation of Sensory Processing in Autism: Parent- and Self-Report Questionnaires, Psychophysical Thresholds, and Event-Related Potentials in the Auditory and Somatosensory Modalities.Patrick Dwyer, Yukari Takarae, Iman Zadeh, Susan M. Rivera & Clifford D. Saron - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    BackgroundReconciling results obtained using different types of sensory measures is a challenge for autism sensory research. The present study used questionnaire, psychophysical, and neurophysiological measures to characterize autistic sensory processing in different measurement modalities.MethodsParticipants were 46 autistic and 21 typically developing 11- to 14-year-olds. Participants and their caregivers completed questionnaires regarding sensory experiences and behaviors. Auditory and somatosensory event-related potentials were recorded as part of a multisensory ERP task. Auditory detection, tactile static detection, and tactile spatial resolution psychophysical thresholds were (...)
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  52. A New Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging Localizer for Preoperative Language Mapping Using a Sentence Completion Task: Validity, Choice of Baseline Condition, and Test–Retest Reliability.Kirill Elin, Svetlana Malyutina, Oleg Bronov, Ekaterina Stupina, Aleksei Marinets, Anna Zhuravleva & Olga Dragoy - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    To avoid post-neurosurgical language deficits, intraoperative mapping of the language function in the brain can be complemented with preoperative mapping with functional magnetic resonance imaging. The validity of an fMRI “language localizer” paradigm crucially depends on the choice of an optimal language task and baseline condition. This study presents a new fMRI “language localizer” in Russian using overt sentence completion, a task that comprehensively engages the language function by involving both production and comprehension at the word and sentence level. The (...)
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  53. An Action-Independent Role for Midfrontal Theta Activity Prior to Error Commission.João Estiveira, Camila Dias, Diana Costa, João Castelhano, Miguel Castelo-Branco & Teresa Sousa - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    Error-related electroencephalographic signals have been widely studied concerning the human cognitive capability of differentiating between erroneous and correct actions. Midfrontal error-related negativity and theta band oscillations are believed to underlie post-action error monitoring. However, it remains elusive how early monitoring activity is trackable and what are the pre-response brain mechanisms related to performance monitoring. Moreover, it is still unclear how task-specific parameters, such as cognitive demand or motor control, influence these processes. Here, we aimed to test pre- and post-error EEG (...)
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  54. Automated Multiclass Artifact Detection in Diffusion MRI Volumes Via 3D Residual Squeeze-and-Excitation Convolutional Neural Networks.Nabil Ettehadi, Pratik Kashyap, Xuzhe Zhang, Yun Wang, David Semanek, Karan Desai, Jia Guo, Jonathan Posner & Andrew F. Laine - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    Diffusion MRI is widely used to investigate neuronal and structural development of brain. dMRI data is often contaminated with various types of artifacts. Hence, artifact type identification in dMRI volumes is an essential pre-processing step prior to carrying out any further analysis. Manual artifact identification amongst a large pool of dMRI data is a highly labor-intensive task. Previous attempts at automating this process are often limited to a binary classification of the dMRI volumes or focus on detecting a single type (...)
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  55. Walking and Balance Outcomes Are Improved Following Brief Intensive Locomotor Skill Training but Are Not Augmented by Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation in Persons With Chronic Spinal Cord Injury.Nicholas H. Evans, Cazmon Suri & Edelle C. Field-Fote - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    Motor training to improve walking and balance function is a common aspect of rehabilitation following motor-incomplete spinal cord injury. Evidence suggests that moderate- to high-intensity exercise facilitates neuroplastic mechanisms that support motor skill acquisition and learning. Furthermore, enhancing corticospinal drive via transcranial direct current stimulation may augment the effects of motor training. In this pilot study, we investigated whether a brief moderate-intensity locomotor-related motor skill training circuit, with and without tDCS, improved walking and balance outcomes in persons with MISCI. In (...)
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  56. Influence of Controlled Stomatognathic Motor Activity on Sway, Control and Stability of the Center of Mass During Dynamic Steady-State Balance—An Uncontrolled Manifold Analysis.Cagla Fadillioglu, Lisa Kanus, Felix Möhler, Steffen Ringhof, Daniel Hellmann & Thorsten Stein - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    Multiple sensory signals from visual, somatosensory and vestibular systems are used for human postural control. To maintain postural stability, the central nervous system keeps the center of mass within the base of support. The influence of the stomatognathic motor system on postural control has been established under static conditions, but it has not yet been investigated during dynamic steady-state balance. The purpose of the study was to investigate the effects of controlled stomatognathic motor activity on the control and stability of (...)
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  57.  4
    Memory Modulation Via Non-Invasive Brain Stimulation: Status, Perspectives, and Ethical Issues.Mirko Farina & Andrea Lavazza - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    While research to improve memory or counter decay caused by neurodegenerative diseases has a fairly long history, scientific attempts to erase memories are very recent. The use of non-invasive brain stimulation for memory modulation represents a new and promising application for the treatment of certain disorders [such as Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder ]. However, numerous ethical issues are related to memory intervention. In particular, the possibility of using forms of non-invasive brain stimulation requires to distinguish treatment interventions from the enhancement of (...)
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  58. Sport Practice, Fluid Reasoning, and Soft Skills in 10- to 18-Year-Olds.Tommaso Feraco & Chiara Meneghetti - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    Engaging in physical activity and sports has been associated with various cognitive abilities and other personal characteristics. The contemporary link between doing sports and personal attributes such as soft skills and an individual’s cognitive abilities have yet to be investigated, however. This study aims to analyze the association between years of practicing a sport, cognitive abilities, and personal attributes. A large sample of 1,115 individuals completed the Cattell test and answered a questionnaire measuring six soft skills. A multivariate regression analysis (...)
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  59. Mothers’ Attachment Representations and Children’s Brain Structure.Megan H. Fitter, Jessica A. Stern, Martha D. Straske, Tamara Allard, Jude Cassidy & Tracy Riggins - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    Ample research demonstrates that parents’ experience-based mental representations of attachment—cognitive models of close relationships—relate to their children’s social-emotional development. However, no research to date has examined how parents’ attachment representations relate to another crucial domain of children’s development: brain development. The present study is the first to integrate the separate literatures on attachment and developmental social cognitive neuroscience to examine the link between mothers’ attachment representations and 3- to 8-year-old children’s brain structure. We hypothesized that mothers’ attachment representations would relate (...)
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  60. Foreign Language Learning in Older Adults: Anatomical and Cognitive Markers of Vocabulary Learning Success.Manson Cheuk-Man Fong, Matthew King-Hang Ma, Jeremy Yin To Chui, Tammy Sheung Ting Law, Nga-Yan Hui, Alma Au & William Shiyuan Wang - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    In recent years, foreign language learning has been proposed as a possible cognitive intervention for older adults. However, the brain network and cognitive functions underlying FLL has remained largely unconfirmed in older adults. In particular, older and younger adults have markedly different cognitive profile—while older adults tend to exhibit decline in most cognitive domains, their semantic memory usually remains intact. As such, older adults may engage the semantic functions to a larger extent than the other cognitive functions traditionally considered the (...)
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  61. The Relationship Between Affective Visual Mismatch Negativity and Interpersonal Difficulties Across Autism and Schizotypal Traits.Talitha C. Ford, Laila E. Hugrass & Bradley N. Jack - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    Sensory deficits are a feature of autism and schizophrenia, as well as the upper end of their non-clinical spectra. The mismatch negativity, an index of pre-attentive auditory processing, is particularly sensitive in detecting such deficits; however, little is known about the relationship between the visual MMN to facial emotions and autism and schizophrenia spectrum symptom domains. We probed the vMMN to happy, sad, and neutral faces in 61 healthy adults, and evaluated their degree of autism and schizophrenia spectrum traits using (...)
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  62. Editorial: The Functional and Neural Mechanisms of Numerosity Processing: From Perception to Cognition.Michele Fornaciai, Joonkoo Park & Roberto Arrighi - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
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  63. Executive Functions and Impulsivity as Transdiagnostic Correlates of Psychopathology in Childhood: A Behavioral Genetic Analysis.Samantha M. Freis, Claire L. Morrison, Harry R. Smolker, Marie T. Banich, Roselinde H. Kaiser, John K. Hewitt & Naomi P. Friedman - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    Executive functions and impulsivity are dimensions of self-regulation that are both related to psychopathology. However, self-report measures of impulsivity and laboratory EF tasks typically display small correlations, and existing research indicates that impulsivity and EFs may tap separate aspects of self-regulation that independently statistically predict psychopathology in adulthood. However, relationships between EFs, impulsivity, and psychopathology may be different in childhood compared to adulthood. Here, we examine whether these patterns hold in the baseline assessment of the Adolescent Brain and Cognitive Development (...)
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  64. The Affective Neuroscience of Sexuality: Development of a LUST Scale.Jürgen Fuchshuber, Emanuel Jauk, Michaela Hiebler-Ragger & Human Friedrich Unterrainer - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    BackgroundIn recent years, there have been many studies using the Affective Neuroscience Personality Scales to investigate individual differences in primary emotion traits. However, in contrast to other primary emotion traits proposed by Jaak Panksepp and colleagues, there is a considerable lack of research on the LUST dimension – defined as an individual’s capacity to attain sexual desire and satisfaction – a circumstance mainly caused by its exclusion from the ANPS. Therefore, this study aims to take a first step toward the (...)
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  65. The Personal Trait of Spiritual Growth Is Correlated With the White Matter Integrity of the Brain.Masahiro Fujino, Keita Watanabe & Yoshinori Yamakawa - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    Determining the relationship between the entire brain structure and individual differences is important in extending healthy life expectancy, which can be affected by brain atrophy. The entire brain structure has been gradually known to be correlated not only with age but also with individual differences, such as quality of life, general intelligence, and lifestyle. However, little attention has been paid to the relationship between the entire brain structure and personal traits. We herein focused on one personal trait, namely spiritual growth, (...)
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  66. Age-Related Effects on the Spectrum of Cerebral Visual Impairment in Children With Cerebral Palsy.Jessica Galli, Erika Loi, Anna Molinaro, Stefano Calza, Alessandra Franzoni, Serena Micheletti, Andrea Rossi, Francesco Semeraro & Elisa Fazzi - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    BackgroundCerebral Visual Impairment is a very common finding in children affected by Cerebral Palsy. In this paper we studied the characteristics of CVI of a large group of children with CP and CVI, describing their neurovisual profiles according to three different age subgroups.MethodsWe enrolled 180 subjects with CP and CVI for the study. We carried out a demographic and clinical data collection, neurological examination, developmental or cognitive assessment, and a video-recorded visual function assessment including an evaluation of ophthalmological characteristics, oculomotor (...)
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  67. Bilingualism and Aging: Implications for (Delaying) Neurocognitive Decline.Federico Gallo, Vincent DeLuca, Yanina Prystauka, Toms Voits, Jason Rothman & Jubin Abutalebi - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    As a result of advances in healthcare, the worldwide average life expectancy is steadily increasing. However, this positive trend has societal and individual costs, not least because greater life expectancy is linked to higher incidence of age-related diseases, such as dementia. Over the past few decades, research has isolated various protective “healthy lifestyle” factors argued to contribute positively to cognitive aging, e.g., healthy diet, physical exercise and occupational attainment. The present article critically reviews neuroscientific evidence for another such factor, i.e., (...)
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  68. Effect of Age and Refractive Error on Local and Global Visual Perception in Chinese Children and Adolescents.Jiahe Gan, Ningli Wang, Shiming Li, Bo Wang, Mengtian Kang, Shifei Wei, Jiyuan Guo, Luoru Liu & He Li - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    PurposeThis study investigated the impact of age and myopia on visual form perception among Chinese school-age children.MethodsThis cross-sectional study included 1,074 students with a mean age of 12.1 ± 4.7 years. The mean spherical equivalence refraction of the participants was −1.45 ± 2.07 D. All participants underwent distance visual acuity, refraction measurement and local and global visual form perception test including orientation, parallelism, collinearity, holes and color discrimination tasks.ResultsThe reaction times of emmetropes were slower than those of myopic and high (...)
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  69. Enhanced Resting-State Functional Connectivity With Decreased Amplitude of Low-Frequency Fluctuations of the Salience Network in Mindfulness Novices.Quan Gan, Ning Ding, Guoli Bi, Ruixiang Liu, Xingrong Zhao, Jingmei Zhong, Shaoyuan Wu, Yong Zeng, Liqian Cui, Kunhua Wu, Yunfa Fu & Zhuangfei Chen - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    Mindfulness and accordant interventions are often used as complementary treatments to psychological or psychosomatic problems. This has also been gradually integrated into daily lives for the promotion of psychological well-being in non-clinical populations. The experience of mindful acceptance in a non-judgmental way brought about the state, which was less interfered by a negative effect. Mindfulness practice often begins with focused attention meditation restricted to an inner experience. We postulate that the brain areas related to an interoceptive function would demonstrate an (...)
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  70. Titles and Semantic Violations Affect Eye Movements When Viewing Contemporary Paintings.Joanna Ganczarek, Karolina Pietras, Anna Stolińska & Magdalena Szubielska - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    The role of titles in perception of visual art is a topic of interesting discussions that brings together artists, curators, and researchers. Titles provide contextual cues and guide perception. They can be particularly useful when paintings include semantic violations that make them challenging for viewers, especially viewers lacking expert knowledge. The aim of this study is to investigate the effects of titles and semantic violations on eye movements. A total of 127 participants without expertise in visual art viewed 40 paintings (...)
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  71.  1
    Neural Phenomenon in Musicality: The Interpretation of Dual-Processing Modes in Melodic Perception.Nathazsha Gande - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    The confluence of creativity in music performance finds itself in performance practices and cultural motifs, the communication of the human body along with the instrument it interacts with, and individual performers’ perceptual, motor, and cognitive abilities that contribute to varied musical interpretations of the same piece or melodic line. The musical and artistic execution of a player, as well as the product of this phenomena can become determinant causes in a creative mental state. With advances in neurocognitive measures, the state (...)
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  72. Secure Attachment Representation in Adolescence Buffers Heart-Rate Reactivity in Response to Attachment-Related Stressors.Manuela Gander, Alexander Karabatsiakis, Katharina Nuderscher, Dorothee Bernheim, Cornelia Doyen-Waldecker & Anna Buchheim - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    To date, we know very little about the effects of the differences in attachment classifications on the physiological correlates of stress regulation in adolescent age groups. The present study examined for the first time heart rate and heart rate variability during an attachment interview in adolescents. HR and HRV data were collected during a baseline assessment as well as during the administration of the Adult Attachment Projective Picture System in a community-based sample of 56 adolescents. We additionally used the Adult (...)
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  73. A Zero-Padding Frequency Domain Convolutional Neural Network for SSVEP Classification.Dongrui Gao, Wenyin Zheng, Manqing Wang, Lutao Wang, Yi Xiao & Yongqing Zhang - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    The brain-computer interface of steady-state visual evoked potential is one of the fundamental ways of human-computer communication. The main challenge is that there may be a nonlinear relationship between different SSVEP in other states. For improving the performance of SSVEP BCI, a novel CNN algorithm model is proposed in this study. Based on the discrete Fourier transform to calculate the signal's power spectral density, we perform zero-padding in the signal's time domain to improve its performance on the PSD and make (...)
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  74. Editorial: Occupational Neuroscience: Nervous System's Health at the Workplace.Sergio Garbarino, Nicola Magnavita, Franca Barbic, Erik Valdemar Stålberg & Paola Lanteri - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
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  75. Sleep and Temporal Lobe Epilepsy – Associations, Mechanisms and Treatment Implications.Divyani Garg, Laurel Charlesworth & Garima Shukla - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    In this systematic review, we aim to describe the association between temporal lobe epilepsy and sleep, with bidirectional links in mechanisms and therapeutic aspects. Sleep stages may variably impact seizure occurrence, secondary generalization and the development, frequency and distribution of interictal epileptiform discharges. Conversely, epilepsy affects sleep micro- and macroarchitecture. TLE, the most frequent form of drug resistant epilepsy, shares an enduring relationship with sleep, with some intriguing potential mechanisms specific to anatomic localization, linking the two. Sleep characteristics of TLE (...)
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  76. Past and Future Explanations for Depersonalization and Derealization Disorder: A Role for Predictive Coding.Andrew Gatus, Graham Jamieson & Bruce Stevenson - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    Depersonalization and derealization refer to states of dissociation in which one feels a sense of alienation in relation to one’s self and environment, respectively. Whilst transient episodes often diminish without treatment, chronic experiences of DP and DR may last for years, with common treatments lacking a strong evidence base for their efficacy. We propose a theoretical explanation of DP and DR based on interoceptive predictive coding, and discuss how transient experiences of DP and DR may be induced in the non-clinical (...)
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  77. Dose-Response Transcranial Electrical Stimulation Study Design: A Well-Controlled Adaptive Seamless Bayesian Method to Illuminate Negative Valence Role in Tinnitus Perception.Iman Ghodratitoostani, Oilson A. Gonzatto, Zahra Vaziri, Alexandre C. B. Delbem, Bahador Makkiabadi, Abhishek Datta, Chris Thomas, Miguel A. Hyppolito, Antonio C. D. Santos, Francisco Louzada & João Pereira Leite - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    The use of transcranial Electrical Stimulation in the modulation of cognitive brain functions to improve neuropsychiatric conditions has extensively increased over the decades. tES techniques have also raised new challenges associated with study design, stimulation protocol, functional specificity, and dose-response relationship. In this paper, we addressed challenges through the emerging methodology to investigate the dose-response relationship of High Definition-transcranial Direct Current Stimulation, identifying the role of negative valence in tinnitus perception. In light of the neurofunctional testable framework and tES application, (...)
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  78.  1
    Editorial: Timing the Brain: From Basic Sciences to Clinical Implications.Giuseppe Giglia, Dimitri Ognibene, Nadia Bolognini, Marina De Tommaso, Francesco Cappello, Pierangelo Sardo, Giuseppe Ferraro & Filippo Brighina - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
  79. A Predictive Coding Framework for Understanding Major Depression.Jessica R. Gilbert, Christina Wusinich & Carlos A. Zarate - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    Predictive coding models of brain processing propose that top-down cortical signals promote efficient neural signaling by carrying predictions about incoming sensory information. These “priors” serve to constrain bottom-up signal propagation where prediction errors are carried via feedforward mechanisms. Depression, traditionally viewed as a disorder characterized by negative cognitive biases, is associated with disrupted reward prediction error encoding and signaling. Accumulating evidence also suggests that depression is characterized by impaired local and long-range prediction signaling across multiple sensory domains. This review highlights (...)
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  80. A Preliminary Report: The Hippocampus and Surrounding Temporal Cortex of Patients With Schizophrenia Have Impaired Blood-Brain Barrier.Eric L. Goldwaser, Randel L. Swanson, Edgardo J. Arroyo, Venkat Venkataraman, Mary C. Kosciuk, Robert G. Nagele, L. Elliot Hong & Nimish K. Acharya - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    Though hippocampal volume reduction is a pathological hallmark of schizophrenia, the molecular pathway responsible for this degeneration remains unknown. Recent reports have suggested the potential role of impaired blood-brain barrier function in schizophrenia pathogenesis. However, direct evidence demonstrating an impaired BBB function is missing. In this preliminary study, we used immunohistochemistry and serum immunoglobulin G antibodies to investigate the state of BBB function in formalin-fixed postmortem samples from the hippocampus and surrounding temporal cortex of patients with schizophrenia and controls without (...)
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  81. Commentary: A Longitudinal Randomized Controlled Trial Protocol to Evaluate the Effects of Wuqinxi on Dynamic Functional Connectivity in Parkinson's Disease Patients.Yifan Gong, Dongli Wang & Zhibin Liu - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
  82. Anodal Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation Over Prefrontal Cortex Slows Sequence Learning in Older Adults.Brian Greeley, Jonathan S. Barnhoorn, Willem B. Verwey & Rachael D. Seidler - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    Aging is associated with declines in sensorimotor function. Several studies have demonstrated that transcranial direct current stimulation, a form of non-invasive brain stimulation, can be combined with training to mitigate age-related cognitive and motor declines. However, in some cases, the application of tDCS disrupts performance and learning. Here, we applied anodal tDCS either over the left prefrontal cortex, right PFC, supplementary motor complex, the left M1, or in a sham condition while older adults practiced a Discrete Sequence Production, an explicit (...)
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  83. From Expert to Elite? — Research on Top Archer’s EEG Network Topology.Feng Gu, Anmin Gong, Yi Qu, Aiyong Bao, Jin Wu, Changhao Jiang & Yunfa Fu - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    It is not only difficult to be a sports expert but also difficult to grow from a sports expert to a sports elite. Professional athletes are often concerned about the differences between an expert and an elite and how to eventually become an elite athlete. To explore the differences in brain neural mechanism between experts and elites in the process of motor behavior and reveal the internal connection between motor performance and brain activity, we collected and analyzed the electroencephalography findings (...)
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  84. Assessment of Agreement Between a New Application to Compute the Wisconsin Gait Score and 3-Dimensional Gait Analysis, and Reliability of the Application in Stroke Patients.Agnieszka Guzik, Andżelina Wolan-Nieroda & Mariusz Drużbicki - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    Currently, there are no computerized tools enabling objective interpretation of observational gait assessment based on Wisconsin Gait Scale, which is a reliable and well-tested tool. The solution envisaged by us may provide a practical tool for assessing gait deviations in patients with hemiparesis after stroke. The present study assessed agreement between a new application software for computerized WGS and 3-dimensional gait analysis, and reliability of the application. The study involved 33 individuals with hemiparesis after stroke. The software was developed based (...)
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  85. Neuromonitoring Correlates of Expertise Level in Surgical Performers: A Systematic Review.Theodore C. Hannah, Daniel Turner, Rebecca Kellner, Joshua Bederson, David Putrino & Christopher P. Kellner - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    Surgical expertise does not have a clear definition and is often culturally associated with power, authority, prestige, and case number rather than more objective proxies of excellence. Multiple models of expertise progression have been proposed including the Dreyfus model, however, they all currently require subjective evaluation of skill. Recently, efforts have been made to improve the ways in which surgical excellence is measured and expertise is defined using artificial intelligence, video recordings, and accelerometers. However, these aforementioned methods of assessment are (...)
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  86.  1
    The Failure of Blobology: fMRI Misinterpretation, Maleficience and Muddle.Stephen José Hanson - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
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  87. Unilateral GPi-DBS Improves Ipsilateral and Axial Motor Symptoms in Parkinson’s Disease as Evidenced by a Brain Perfusion Single Photon Emission Computed Tomography Study.Yuka Hayashi, Takayasu Mishima, Shinsuke Fujioka, Takashi Morishita, Tooru Inoue, Shigeki Nagamachi & Yoshio Tsuboi - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    IntroductionDeep brain stimulation is an effective treatment for advanced Parkinson’s disease with the targeting bilateral subthalamic nucleus or globus pallidus internus. So far, detailed studies on the efficacy of unilateral STN-DBS for motor symptoms have been reported, but few studies have been conducted on unilateral GPi-DBS.Materials and MethodsSeventeen patients with Parkinson’s disease who underwent unilateral GPi-DBS were selected. We conducted comparison analyses between scores obtained 6–42 months pre- and postoperatively using the following measurement tools: the Movement Disorder Society Unified Parkinson’s (...)
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  88. Corrigendum: Women in Neuromodulation: Innovative Contributions to Stereotactic and Functional Neurosurgery.Petra Heiden, Julia Pieczewski & Pablo Andrade - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
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  89. Load-Induced Changes of Inter-Limb Asymmetries in Dynamic Postural Control in Healthy Subjects.Jessica Heil - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    Inter-limb asymmetries are associated with a higher potential risk for non-contact injuries. Differences in function or performance between the limbs might lead to imbalances and promote instability, increasing the potential risk for injuries. Consequently, an investigation of inter-limb asymmetries should be included in injury risk assessment. Furthermore, since non-contact injuries mainly occur under loaded conditions, an investigation of load-induced changes of inter-limb asymmetries can provide additional information on the athlete’s potential injury risk. Therefore, the current study aimed to investigate the (...)
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  90. Using Motor Imagery to Access Alternative Attentional Strategies When Navigating Environmental Boundaries to Prevent Freezing of Gait – A Perspective.Daniella How, Heiko Wagner & Michael Brach - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    Freezing of gait can cause reduced independence and quality of life for many with Parkinson’s disease. Episodes frequently occur at points of transition such as navigating a doorway. Therapeutic interventions, i.e., drugs and exercise, do not always successfully mitigate episodes. There are several different, but not exclusive causes for freezing of gait. People with freezing of gait are able to navigate dynamic situations like stairways by utilizing a different attentional strategy to over-ground walking, but may freeze when passing through a (...)
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  91. Prediction of Communication Impairment in Children With Bilateral Cerebral Palsy Using Multivariate Lesion- and Connectome-Based Approaches: Protocol for a Multicenter Prospective Cohort Study.Jie Hu, Jingjing Zhang, Yanli Yang, Ting Liang, Tingting Huang, Cheng He, Fuqin Wang, Heng Liu & Tijiang Zhang - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    BackgroundBilateral cerebral palsy is the most common type of CP in children and is often accompanied by different degrees of communication impairment. Several studies have attempted to identify children at high risk for communication impairment. However, most prediction factors are qualitative and subjective and may be influenced by rater bias. Individualized objective diagnostic and/or prediction methods are still lacking, and an effective method is urgently needed to guide clinical diagnosis and treatment. The aim of this study is to develop and (...)
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  92. Altered Brain Activity in Patients With Comitant Strabismus Detected by Analysis of the Fractional Amplitude of Low-Frequency Fluctuation: A Resting-State Functional MRI Study.Meng-Yan Hu, Yi-Cong Pan, Li-Juan Zhang, Rong-Bin Liang, Qian-Min Ge, Hui-Ye Shu, Qiu-Yu Li, Chong-Gang Pei & Yi Shao - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    More and more studies showed that strabismus is not simply an ocular disease, but a neuro-ophthalmology disease. To analyze potential changes in brain activity and their relationship to behavioral performance in comitant strabismus patients and healthy controls. Our study recruited 28 patients with comitant strabismus and 28 people with matched weight, age range, and sex ratio as healthy controls. Using resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging, we evaluated fALFF to compare spontaneous brain activity between comitant strabismus and healthy controls. We did (...)
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  93. Psychoanalytical Considerations of Emotion Regulation Disorders in Multiple Complex-Traumatized Children—A Study Protocol of the Prospective Study MuKi.Felicitas Hug, Tom Degen, Patrick Meurs & Tamara Fischmann - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    Studies in adults with mental disorders suggest that the experience of early and chronic trauma is associated with changes in reward expectancy and processing. In addition, severe childhood trauma has been shown to contribute to the development of mental disorders in general. Data on effects of early childhood trauma on reward expectancy and processing in middle childhood currently appear insufficient. The present study aims to fill this research gap by examining the effects of developmental trauma disorder on reward expectancy and (...)
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  94. Finding Cortical Subregions Regarding the Dorsal Language Pathway Based on the Structural Connectivity.Young-Eun Hwang, Young-Bo Kim & Young-Don Son - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    Although the language-related fiber pathways in the human brain, such as the superior longitudinal fasciculus and arcuate fasciculus, are already well-known, understanding more sophisticated cortical regions connected by the fiber tracts is essential to scrutinize the structural connectivity of language circuits. With the regions of interest that were selected based on the Brainnetome atlas, the fiber orientation distribution estimation method for tractography was used to produce further elaborate connectivity information. The results indicated that both fiber bundles had two distinct connections (...)
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  95. Motor Learning in Response to Different Experimental Pain Models Among Healthy Individuals: A Systematic Review.Mohammad Izadi, Sae Franklin, Marianna Bellafiore & David W. Franklin - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    Learning new movement patterns is a normal part of daily life, but of critical importance in both sport and rehabilitation. A major question is how different sensory signals are integrated together to give rise to motor adaptation and learning. More specifically, there is growing evidence that pain can give rise to alterations in the learning process. Despite a number of studies investigating the role of pain on the learning process, there is still no systematic review to summarize and critically assess (...)
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  96. Behavioral Experience-Sampling Methods in Neuroimaging Studies With Movie and Narrative Stimuli.Iiro P. Jääskeläinen, Jyrki Ahveninen, Vasily Klucharev, Anna N. Shestakova & Jonathan Levy - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    Movies and narratives are increasingly utilized as stimuli in functional magnetic resonance imaging, magnetoencephalography, and electroencephalography studies. Emotional reactions of subjects, what they pay attention to, what they memorize, and their cognitive interpretations are all examples of inner experiences that can differ between subjects during watching of movies and listening to narratives inside the scanner. Here, we review literature indicating that behavioral measures of inner experiences play an integral role in this new research paradigm via guiding neuroimaging analysis. We review (...)
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  97.  4
    Abnormal Large-Scale Neuronal Network in High Myopia.Yu Ji, Ling Shi, Qi Cheng, Wen-wen Fu, Pei-pei Zhong, Shui-qin Huang, Xiao-lin Chen & Xiao-Rong Wu - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    AimResting state functional magnetic resonance imaging was used to analyze changes in functional connectivity within various brain networks and functional network connectivity among various brain regions in patients with high myopia.Methodsrs-fMRI was used to scan 82 patients with HM and 59 healthy control volunteers matched for age, sex, and education level. Fourteen resting state networks were extracted, of which 11 were positive. Then, the FCs and FNCs of RSNs in HM patients were examined by independent component analysis.ResultsCompared with the HC (...)
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  98.  1
    A Hybrid Brain-Computer Interface Based on Visual Evoked Potential and Pupillary Response.Lu Jiang, Xiaoyang Li, Weihua Pei, Xiaorong Gao & Yijun Wang - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    Brain-computer interface based on steady-state visual evoked potential has been widely studied due to the high information transfer rate, little user training, and wide subject applicability. However, there are also disadvantages such as visual discomfort and “BCI illiteracy.” To address these problems, this study proposes to use low-frequency stimulations, which can simultaneously elicit visual evoked potential and pupillary response to construct a hybrid BCI system. Classification accuracy was calculated using supervised and unsupervised methods, respectively, and the hybrid accuracy was obtained (...)
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  99.  1
    Altered Neuromagnetic Activity in Persistent Postural-Perceptual Dizziness: A Multifrequency Magnetoencephalography Study.Weiwei Jiang, Jintao Sun, Jing Xiang, Yulei Sun, Lu Tang, Ke Zhang, Qiqi Chen & Xiaoshan Wang - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    ObjectiveThe aim of our study was to investigate abnormal changes in brain activity in patients with persistent postural-perceptual dizziness using magnetoencephalography.MethodsMagnetoencephalography recordings from 18 PPPD patients and 18 healthy controls were analyzed to determine the source of brain activity in seven frequency ranges using accumulated source imaging.ResultsOur study showed that significant changes in the patterns of localization in the temporal-parietal junction were observed at 1–4, 4–8, and 12–30 Hz in PPPD patients compared with healthy controls, and changes in the frontal (...)
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  100. More Than Just Statics: Temporal Dynamic Changes in Inter- and Intrahemispheric Functional Connectivity in First-Episode, Drug-Naive Patients With Major Depressive Disorder.Yu Jiang, Yuan Chen, Ruiping Zheng, Bingqian Zhou, Ying Wei, Ankang Gao, Yarui Wei, Shuying Li, Jinxia Guo, Shaoqiang Han, Yong Zhang & Jingliang Cheng - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    Several functional magnetic resonance imaging studies have demonstrated abnormalities in static intra- and interhemispheric functional connectivity among diverse brain regions in patients with major depressive disorder. However, the dynamic changes in intra- and interhemispheric functional connectivity patterns in patients with MDD remain unclear. Fifty-eight first-episode, drug-naive patients with MDD and 48 age-, sex-, and education level-matched healthy controls underwent resting-state fMRI. Whole-brain functional connectivity, analyzed using the functional connectivity density approach, was decomposed into ipsilateral and contralateral functional connectivity. We computed (...)
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  101. Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation Induces Quantified Functional and Structural Changes in Subcortical Stroke: A Combined Arterial Spin Labeling Perfusion and Diffusion Tensor Imaging Study.Yu Jin, Xi Bai, Binghu Jiang, Zhiwei Guo & Qiwen Mu - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    PurposeTo explore the changes of cerebral blood flow and fractional anisotropy in stroke patients with motor dysfunction after repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation treatment, and to better understand the role of rTMS on motor rehabilitation of subcortical stroke patients from the perfusion and structural level.Materials and MethodsIn total, 23 first-episode acute ischemic stroke patients and sixteen healthy controls were included. The patients were divided into the rTMS and sham group. The rehabilitation assessments and examination of perfusion and structural MRI were performed (...)
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  102. Task-Based Functional Connectivity and Blood-Oxygen-Level-Dependent Activation During Within-Scanner Performance of Lumbopelvic Motor Tasks: A Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging Study.Max K. Jordon, Jill Campbell Stewart, Sheri P. Silfies & Paul F. Beattie - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    There are a limited number of neuroimaging investigations into motor control of the lumbopelvic musculature. Most investigation examining motor control of the lumbopelvic musculature utilize transcranial magnetic stimulation and focus primarily on the motor cortex. This has resulted in a dearth of knowledge as it relates to how other regions of the brain activate during lumbopelvic movement. Additionally, task-based functional connectivity during lumbopelvic movements has not been well elucidated. Therefore, we used functional magnetic resonance imaging to examine brain activation and (...)
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  103. Spatial and Temporal Distribution of Information Processing in the Human Dorsal Anterior Cingulate Cortex.Conor Keogh, Alceste Deli, Amir Puyan Divanbeighi Zand, Mark Jernej Zorman, Sandra G. Boccard-Binet, Matthew Parrott, Charalampos Sigalas, Alexander R. Weiss, John Frederick Stein, James J. FitzGerald, Tipu Z. Aziz, Alexander L. Green & Martin John Gillies - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    The dorsal anterior cingulate cortex is a key node in the human salience network. It has been ascribed motor, pain-processing and affective functions. However, the dynamics of information flow in this complex region and how it responds to inputs remain unclear and are difficult to study using non-invasive electrophysiology. The area is targeted by neurosurgery to treat neuropathic pain. During deep brain stimulation surgery, we recorded local field potentials from this region in humans during a decision-making task requiring motor output. (...)
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  104.  1
    Brain–Heart Interaction and the Experience of Flow While Playing a Video Game.Shiva Khoshnoud, Federico Alvarez Igarzábal & Marc Wittmann - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    The flow state – an experience of complete absorption in an activity – is linked with less self-referential processing and increased arousal. We used the heart-evoked potential, an index representing brain–heart interaction, as well as indices of peripheral physiology to assess the state of flow in individuals playing a video game. 22 gamers and 21 non-gamers played the video game Thumper for 25 min while their brain and cardiorespiratory signals were simultaneously recorded. The more participants were absorbed in the game, (...)
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  105. Electronic Cigarette Vaping Did Not Enhance the Neural Process of Working Memory for Regular Cigarette Smokers.Dong-Youl Kim, Yujin Jang, Da-Woon Heo, Sungman Jo, Hyun-Chul Kim & Jong-Hwan Lee - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    BackgroundElectronic cigarettes as substitute devices for regular tobacco cigarettes have been increasing in recent times. We investigated neuronal substrates of vaping e-cigs and smoking r-cigs from r-cig smokers.MethodsTwenty-two r-cig smokers made two visits following overnight smoking cessation. Functional magnetic resonance imaging data were acquired while participants watched smoking images. Participants were then allowed to smoke either an e-cig or r-cig until satiated and fMRI data were acquired. Their craving levels and performance on the Montreal Imaging Stress Task and a 3-back (...)
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  106.  1
    What Neuroscientists Think, and Don’T Think, About Consciousness.Peter D. Kitchener & Colin G. Hales - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    The approach the majority of neuroscientists take to the question of how consciousness is generated, it is probably fair to say, is to ignore it. Although there are active research programs looking at correlates of consciousness, and explorations of informational properties of what might be relevant neural ensembles, the tacitly implied mechanism of consciousness in these approaches is that it somehow just happens. This reliance on a “magical emergence” of consciousness does not address the “objectively unreasonable” proposition that elements that (...)
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  107.  1
    Target-Related Alpha Attenuation in a Brain-Computer Interface Rapid Serial Visual Presentation Calibration.Daniel Klee, Tab Memmott, Niklas Smedemark-Margulies, Basak Celik, Deniz Erdogmus & Barry S. Oken - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    This study evaluated the feasibility of using occipitoparietal alpha activity to drive target/non-target classification in a brain-computer interface for communication. EEG data were collected from 12 participants who completed BCI Rapid Serial Visual Presentation calibrations at two different presentation rates: 1 and 4 Hz. Attention-related changes in posterior alpha activity were compared to two event-related potentials : N200 and P300. Machine learning approaches evaluated target/non-target classification accuracy using alpha activity. Results indicated significant alpha attenuation following target letters at both 1 (...)
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  108. Researchers’ Ethical Concerns About Using Adaptive Deep Brain Stimulation for Enhancement.Kristin Kostick-Quenet, Lavina Kalwani, Barbara Koenig, Laura Torgerson, Clarissa Sanchez, Katrina Munoz, Rebecca L. Hsu, Demetrio Sierra-Mercado, Jill Oliver Robinson, Simon Outram, Stacey Pereira, Amy McGuire, Peter Zuk & Gabriel Lazaro-Munoz - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    The capacity of next-generation closed-loop or adaptive deep brain stimulation devices to read and write shows great potential to effectively manage movement, seizure, and psychiatric disorders, and also raises the possibility of using aDBS to electively modulate mood, cognition, and prosociality. What separates aDBS from most neurotechnologies currently used for enhancement is that aDBS remains an invasive, surgically-implanted technology with a risk-benefit ratio significantly different when applied to diseased versus non-diseased individuals. Despite a large discourse about the ethics of enhancement, (...)
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  109. On the Emergence of Phonological Knowledge and on Motor Planning and Motor Programming in a Developmental Model of Speech Production.Bernd J. Kröger, Trevor Bekolay & Mengxue Cao - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    A broad sketch for a model of speech production is outlined which describes developmental aspects of its cognitive-linguistic and sensorimotor components. A description of the emergence of phonological knowledge is a central point in our model sketch. It will be shown that the phonological form level emerges during speech acquisition and becomes an important representation at the interface between cognitive-linguistic and sensorimotor processes. Motor planning as well as motor programming are defined as separate processes in our model sketch and it (...)
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  110. The Predictive Role of Low Spatial Frequencies in Automatic Face Processing: A Visual Mismatch Negativity Investigation.Adeline Lacroix, Sylvain Harquel, Martial Mermillod, Laurent Vercueil, David Alleysson, Frédéric Dutheil, Klara Kovarski & Marie Gomot - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    Visual processing is thought to function in a coarse-to-fine manner. Low spatial frequencies, conveying coarse information, would be processed early to generate predictions. These LSF-based predictions would facilitate the further integration of high spatial frequencies, conveying fine details. The predictive role of LSF might be crucial in automatic face processing, where high performance could be explained by an accurate selection of clues in early processing. In the present study, we used a visual Mismatch Negativity paradigm by presenting an unfiltered face (...)
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  111. Egocentric Chunking in the Predictive Brain: A Cognitive Basis of Expert Performance in High-Speed Sports.Otto Lappi - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    What principles and mechanisms allow humans to encode complex 3D information, and how can it be so fast, so accurately and so flexibly transformed into coordinated action? How do these processes work when developed to the limit of human physiological and cognitive capacity—as they are in high-speed sports, such as alpine skiing or motor racing? High-speed sports present not only physical challenges, but present some of the biggest perceptual-cognitive demands for the brain. The skill of these elite athletes is in (...)
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  112. Immersive Technology for Cognitive-Motor Training in Parkinson’s Disease.Justin Lau, Claude Regis, Christina Burke, MaryJo Kaleda, Raymond McKenna & Lisa M. Muratori - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    Background: Parkinson’s disease is a neurodegenerative disease in which the progressive loss of dopaminergic neurons leads to initially sporadic and eventually widespread damage of the nervous system resulting in significant musculoskeletal and cognitive deterioration. Loss of motor function alongside increasing cognitive impairment is part of the natural disease progression. Gait is often considered an automatic activity; however, walking is the result of a delicate balance of multiple systems which maintain the body’s center of mass over an ever-changing base of support. (...)
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  113. Effects of Exercise on Parkinson’s Disease: A Meta-Analysis of Brain Imaging Studies.Jingwen Li, Jian Guo, Weijuan Sun, Jinjin Mei, Yiying Wang, Lihong Zhang, Jianyun Zhang, Jing Gao, Kaiqi Su, Zhuan Lv, Xiaodong Feng & Ruiqing Li - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    BackgroundExercise is increasingly recognized as a key component of Parkinson’s disease treatment strategies, but the underlying mechanism of how exercise affects PD is not yet fully understood.ObjectiveThe activation likelihood estimation method is used to study the mechanism of exercise affecting PD, providing a theoretical basis for studying exercise and PD, and promoting the health of patients with PD.MethodsRelevant keywords were searched on the PubMed, Cochrane Library, and Web of Science databases. Seven articles were finally included according to the screening criteria, (...)
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  114. Differential Tractography and Correlation Tractography Findings on Patients With Mild Traumatic Brain Injury: A Pilot Study.Meng-Jun Li, Fang-Cheng Yeh, Si-Hong Huang, Chu-Xin Huang, Huiting Zhang & Jun Liu - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    Differential tractography and correlation tractography are new tractography modalities to study neuronal changes in brain diseases, but their performances in detecting neuronal injuries are yet to be investigated in patients with mild traumatic brain injury. Here we investigated the white matter injury in mTBI patients using differential and correlation tractography. The diffusion MRI was acquired at 33 mTBI patients and 31 health controls. 7 of the mTBI patients had one-year follow-up scans, and differential tractography was used to evaluate injured fiber (...)
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  115.  1
    Effects of Ordered Grasping Movement on Brain Function in the Performance Virtual Reality Task: A Near-Infrared Spectroscopy Study.Xiangyang Li, Jiahui Yin, Huiyuan Li, Gongcheng Xu, Congcong Huo, Hui Xie, Wenhao Li, Jizhong Liu & Zengyong Li - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    ObjectiveVirtual reality grasping exercise training helps patients participate actively in their recovery and is a critical approach to the rehabilitation of hand dysfunction. This study aimed to explore the effects of active participation and VR grasping on brain function combined with the kinematic information obtained during VR exercises.MethodsThe cerebral oxygenation signals of the prefrontal cortex, the motor cortex, and the occipital cortex were measured by functional near-infrared spectroscopy in 18 young people during the resting state, grasping movements, and VR grasping (...)
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  116. Imprecise Predictive Coding Is at the Core of Classical Schizophrenia.Peter F. Liddle & Elizabeth B. Liddle - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    Current diagnostic criteria for schizophrenia place emphasis on delusions and hallucinations, whereas the classical descriptions of schizophrenia by Kraepelin and Bleuler emphasized disorganization and impoverishment of mental activity. Despite the availability of antipsychotic medication for treating delusions and hallucinations, many patients continue to experience persisting disability. Improving treatment requires a better understanding of the processes leading to persisting disability. We recently introduced the term classical schizophrenia to describe cases with disorganized and impoverished mental activity, cognitive impairment and predisposition to persisting (...)
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  117. Enacting Proprioceptive Predictions in the Rubber Hand Illusion.Jakub Limanowski - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
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  118. Reconfiguration of Brain Network Dynamics in Autism Spectrum Disorder Based on Hidden Markov Model.Pingting Lin, Shiyi Zang, Yi Bai & Haixian Wang - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    Autism spectrum disorder is a group of complex neurodevelopment disorders characterized by altered brain connectivity. However, the majority of neuroimaging studies for ASD focus on the static pattern of brain function and largely neglect brain activity dynamics, which might provide deeper insight into the underlying mechanism of brain functions for ASD. Therefore, we proposed a framework with Hidden Markov Model analysis for resting-state functional MRI from a large multicenter dataset of 507 male subjects. Specifically, the 507 subjects included 209 subjects (...)
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  119. Influence of Previous General Anesthesia on Cognitive Impairment: An Observational Study Among 151 Patients.Federico Linassi, Alessandro De Laurenzis, Eleonora Maran, Alessandra Gadaldi, Leonardo Spano', Gino Gerosa, Demetrio Pittarello, Paolo Zanatta & Michele Carron - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    IntroductionPreoperative neurocognitive disorder is a common condition affecting 14–51. 7% of the elderly population. General anesthesia has already been associated with the one-year post-operative neurocognitive disorder, specifically, a deficit in executive function, measured by the Trail Making Test B, but its long-term effects on cognitive function have not been investigated. We aimed to detect preO-NCD prevalence in patients scheduled for cardiac surgery and further investigate the possible role of previous general anesthesia in general preoperative cognitive status [measured via the Montreal (...)
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  120. Is Virtual Reality Training More Effective Than Traditional Physical Training on Balance and Functional Mobility in Healthy Older Adults? A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.Meng Liu, Kaixiang Zhou, Yan Chen, Limingfei Zhou, Dapeng Bao & Junhong Zhou - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    ObjectiveThe studies showed the benefits of virtual reality training for functional mobility and balance in older adults. However, a large variance in the study design and results is presented. We, thus, completed a systematic review and meta-analysis to quantitatively examine the effects of VRT on functional mobility and balance in healthy older adults.MethodsWe systematically reviewed the publications in five databases. Studies that examine the effects of VRT on the measures of functional mobility and balance in healthy older adults were screened (...)
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  121. A State-of-the-Art Review of EEG-Based Imagined Speech Decoding.Diego Lopez-Bernal, David Balderas, Pedro Ponce & Arturo Molina - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    Currently, the most used method to measure brain activity under a non-invasive procedure is the electroencephalogram. This is because of its high temporal resolution, ease of use, and safety. These signals can be used under a Brain Computer Interface framework, which can be implemented to provide a new communication channel to people that are unable to speak due to motor disabilities or other neurological diseases. Nevertheless, EEG-based BCI systems have presented challenges to be implemented in real life situations for imagined (...)
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  122.  1
    A New Tool for Rapid Assessment of Acute Exercise-Induced Fatigue.Yao Lu, Ziyang Yuan, Jiaping Chen, Zeyi Wang, Zhandong Liu, Yanjue Wu, Donglin Zhan, Qingbao Zhao, Mofei Pei & Minhao Xie - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    BackgroundThere are limited sensitive evaluation methods to distinguish people’s symptoms of peripheral fatigue and central fatigue simultaneously. The purpose of this study is to identify and evaluate them after acute exercise with a simple and practical scale.MethodsThe initial scale was built through a literature review, experts and athlete population survey, and a small sample pre-survey. Randomly selected 1,506 students were evaluated with the initial scale after exercise. Subjective fatigue self-assessments were completed at the same time.ResultsThe Acute Exercise-Induced Fatigue Scale was (...)
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  123. Neuroscience Outside the Box: From the Laboratory to Discussing Drug Abuse at Schools.Thereza Cristina Machado do Vale, Luana da Silva Chagas, Helena de Souza Pereira, Elizabeth Giestal-de-Araujo, Analía Arévalo & Priscilla Oliveira-Silva Bomfim - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    One of the effects of the current COVID-19 pandemic is that low-income countries were pushed further into extreme poverty, exacerbating social inequalities and increasing susceptibility to drug use/abuse in people of all ages. The risks of drug abuse may not be fully understood by all members of society, partly because of the taboo nature of the subject, and partly because of the considerable gap between scientific production/understanding and communication of such knowledge to the public at large. Drug use is a (...)
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  124. The Influence of a Competitive Field Hockey Match on Cognitive Function.Rachel Malcolm, Simon Cooper, Jonathan P. Folland, Christopher J. Tyler & Caroline Sunderland - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    Despite the known positive effects of acute exercise on cognition, the effects of a competitive team sport match are unknown. In a randomized crossover design, 20 female and 17 male field hockey players completed a battery of cognitive tests prior to, at half-time, and immediately following a competitive match ; with effect sizes presented as raw ES from mixed effect models. Blood samples were collected prior to and following the match and control trial, and analyzed for adrenaline, noradrenaline, brain derived (...)
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  125.  1
    Effects of Sub-Threshold Transcutaneous Auricular Vagus Nerve Stimulation on Cingulate Cortex and Insula Resting-State Functional Connectivity.Yixiang Mao, Conan Chen, Maryam Falahpour, Kelly H. MacNiven, Gary Heit, Vivek Sharma, Konstantinos Alataris & Thomas T. Liu - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    Transcutaneous auricular vagus nerve stimulation, a non-invasive alternative to vagus nerve stimulation with implantable devices, has shown promise in treating disorders such as depression, migraine, and insomnia. Studies of these disorders with resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging have found sustained changes in resting-state functional connectivity in patients treated with low frequency taVNS. A recent study has reported reductions in pain scores in patients with rheumatoid arthritis after a 12-week treatment of high-frequency sub-threshold taVNS. However, no studies to date have examined (...)
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  126. The Effect of Inter-Pulse Interval on TMS Motor Evoked Potentials in Active Muscles.Noora Matilainen, Marco Soldati & Ilkka Laakso - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    ObjectiveThe time interval between transcranial magnetic stimulation pulses affects evoked muscle responses when the targeted muscle is resting. This necessitates using sufficiently long inter-pulse intervals. However, there is some evidence that the IPI has no effect on the responses evoked in active muscles. Thus, we tested whether voluntary contraction could remove the effect of the IPI on TMS motor evoked potentials.MethodsIn our study, we delivered sets of 30 TMS pulses with three different IPIs to the left primary motor cortex. These (...)
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  127. Cognitive Workload of Tugboat Captains in Realistic Scenarios: Adaptive Spatial Filtering for Transfer Between Conditions.Daniel Miklody & Benjamin Blankertz - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    Changing and often class-dependent non-stationarities of signals are a big challenge in the transfer of common findings in cognitive workload estimation using Electroencephalography from laboratory experiments to realistic scenarios or other experiments. Additionally, it often remains an open question whether actual cognitive workload reflected by brain signals was the main contribution to the estimation or discriminative and class-dependent muscle and eye activity, which can be secondary effects of changing workload levels. Within this study, we investigated a novel approach to spatial (...)
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  128. Comparison of the Gait Biomechanical Constraints in Three Different Type of Neuromotor Damages.Silvia Minosse, Martina Favetta, Alberto Romano, Alessandra Pisano, Susanna Summa, Tommaso Schirinzi, Gessica Vasco, Enrico Castelli & Maurizio Petrarca - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    Background and ObjectiveAbsolute angle represents the inclination of a body segment relative to a fixed reference in space. This work compares the absolute and relative angles for exploring biomechanical gait constraints.MethodsGait patterns of different neuromotor conditions were analyzed using 3D gait analysis: normal gait, Cerebral Palsy, Charcot Marie Tooth and Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy, representing central and peripheral nervous system and muscular disorders, respectively. Forty-two children underwent gait analysis: 10 children affected by CP, 10 children by CMT, 10 children by DMD (...)
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  129. The Role of Predictions, Their Confirmation, and Reward in Maintaining the Self-Concept.Aviv Mokady & Niv Reggev - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    The predictive processing framework posits that people continuously use predictive principles when interacting with, learning from, and interpreting their surroundings. Here, we suggest that the same framework may help explain how people process self-relevant knowledge and maintain a stable and positive self-concept. Specifically, we recast two prominent self-relevant motivations, self-verification and self-enhancement, in predictive processing terms. We suggest that these self-relevant motivations interact with the self-concept to create strong predictions. These predictions, in turn, influence how people interpret information about themselves. (...)
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  130. Editorial: Long Term User Training and Preparation to Succeed in a Closed-Loop BCI Competition.Gernot R. Müller-Putz, Damien Coyle, Fabien Lotte, Jing Jin & David Steyrl - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
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  131. Feel Your Reach: An EEG-Based Framework to Continuously Detect Goal-Directed Movements and Error Processing to Gate Kinesthetic Feedback Informed Artificial Arm Control.Gernot R. Müller-Putz, Reinmar J. Kobler, Joana Pereira, Catarina Lopes-Dias, Lea Hehenberger, Valeria Mondini, Víctor Martínez-Cagigal, Nitikorn Srisrisawang, Hannah Pulferer, Luka Batistić & Andreea I. Sburlea - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    Establishing the basic knowledge, methodology, and technology for a framework for the continuous decoding of hand/arm movement intention was the aim of the ERC-funded project “Feel Your Reach”. In this work, we review the studies and methods we performed and implemented in the last 6 years, which build the basis for enabling severely paralyzed people to non-invasively control a robotic arm in real-time from electroencephalogram. In detail, we investigated goal-directed movement detection, decoding of executed and attempted movement trajectories, grasping correlates, (...)
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  132.  1
    Longitudinal Analysis of Self-Reported Symptoms, Behavioral Measures, and Event-Related Potential Components of a Cued Go/NoGo Task in Adults With Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder and Controls.Marionna Münger, Silvano Sele, Gian Candrian, Johannes Kasper, Hossam Abdel-Rehim, Dominique Eich-Höchli, Andreas Müller & Lutz Jäncke - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    This study characterizes a large sample of adults with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and healthy controls regarding their task performance and neurophysiology; cross-sectionally and longitudinally. Self-reported symptoms, behavioral measures, and event-related potentials from a classical cued Go/NoGo task were used to outline the symptom burden, executive function deficits and neurophysiological features, and the associations between these domains. The study participants were assessed five or three times over two years. We describe cross-sectional and longitudinal group differences, and associations between symptom burden, and behavioral (...)
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  133.  1
    The Role of Motor Inhibition During Covert Speech Production.Ladislas Nalborczyk, Ursula Debarnot, Marieke Longcamp, Aymeric Guillot & F.-Xavier Alario - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    Covert speech is accompanied by a subjective multisensory experience with auditory and kinaesthetic components. An influential hypothesis states that these sensory percepts result from a simulation of the corresponding motor action that relies on the same internal models recruited for the control of overt speech. This simulationist view raises the question of how it is possible to imagine speech without executing it. In this perspective, we discuss the possible role played by motor inhibition during covert speech production. We suggest that (...)
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  134. Enhancing Visuospatial Working Memory Performance Using Intermittent Theta-Burst Stimulation Over the Right Dorsolateral Prefrontal Cortex.Ronald Ngetich, Donggang Jin, Wenjuan Li, Bian Song, Junjun Zhang, Zhenlan Jin & Ling Li - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    Noninvasive brain stimulation provides a promising approach for the treatment of neuropsychiatric conditions. Despite the increasing research on the facilitatory effects of this kind of stimulation on the cognitive processes, the majority of the studies have used the standard stimulation approaches such as the transcranial direct current stimulation and the conventional repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation which seem to be limited in robustness and the duration of the transient effects. However, a recent specialized type of rTMS, theta-burst stimulation, patterned to mimic (...)
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  135. Can Compression Garments Reduce Inter-Limb Balance Asymmetries?Frédéric Noé, Kévin Baige & Thierry Paillard - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    Sensory cues provided by compression garments can improve movement accuracy and potentially reduce inter-limb balance asymmetries and the associated risk of injury. The aim of this study was to analyze the effects of CG wearing on inter-limb balance asymmetries. The hypothesis was that CG would reduce inter-limb balance asymmetries, especially in subjects with high level of asymmetries. Twenty-five sportsmen were recruited. They had to stand as motionless as possible in a one-leg stance in two postural tasks, while wearing CG or (...)
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  136. Neural Correlates Predicting Lane-Keeping and Hazard Detection: An fMRI Study Featuring a Pedestrian-Rich Simulator Environment.Kentaro Oba, Koji Hamada, Azumi Tanabe-Ishibashi, Fumihiko Murase, Masaaki Hirose, Ryuta Kawashima & Motoaki Sugiura - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    Distracted attention is considered responsible for most car accidents, and many functional magnetic resonance imaging researchers have addressed its neural correlates using a car-driving simulator. Previous studies, however, have not directly addressed safe driving performance and did not place pedestrians in the simulator environment. In this fMRI study, we simulated a pedestrian-rich environment to explore the neural correlates of three types of safe driving performance: accurate lane-keeping during driving, the braking response to a preceding car, and the braking response to (...)
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  137. Neuroimaging Examination of Driving Mode Switching Corresponding to Changes in the Driving Environment.Ryu Ohata, Kenji Ogawa & Hiroshi Imamizu - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    Car driving is supported by perceptual, cognitive, and motor skills trained through continuous daily practice. One of the skills that characterize experienced drivers is to detect changes in the driving environment and then flexibly switch their driving modes in response to the changes. Previous functional neuroimaging studies on motor control investigated the mechanisms underlying behaviors adaptive to changes in control properties or parameters of experimental devices such as a computer mouse or a joystick. The switching of multiple internal models mainly (...)
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  138. Exogenous Ketones and Lactate as a Potential Therapeutic Intervention for Brain Injury and Neurodegenerative Conditions.Naomi Elyse Omori, Geoffrey Hubert Woo & Latt Shahril Mansor - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    Metabolic dysfunction is a ubiquitous underlying feature of many neurological conditions including acute traumatic brain injuries and chronic neurodegenerative conditions. A central problem in neurological patients, in particular those with traumatic brain injuries, is an impairment in the utilization of glucose, which is the predominant metabolic substrate in a normally functioning brain. In such patients, alternative substrates including ketone bodies and lactate become important metabolic candidates for maintaining brain function. While the potential neuroprotective benefits of ketosis have been recognized for (...)
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  139. Possible Mechanisms Underlying Neurological Post-COVID Symptoms and Neurofeedback as a Potential Therapy.Mária Orendáčová & Eugen Kvašňák - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    Theoretical considerations related to neurological post-COVID complications have become a serious issue in the COVID pandemic. We propose 3 theoretical hypotheses related to neurological post-COVID complications. First, pathophysiological processes responsible for long-term neurological complications caused by COVID-19 might have 2 phases: Phase of acute Sars-CoV-2 infection linked with the pathogenesis responsible for the onset of COVID-19-related neurological complications and the phase of post-acute Sars-CoV-2 infection linked with the pathogenesis responsible for long-lasting persistence of post-COVID neurological problems and/or exacerbation of another (...)
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  140. Guanidinoacetic Acid as a Nutritional Adjuvant to Multiple Sclerosis Therapy.Sergej M. Ostojic - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    Tackling impaired bioenergetics in multiple sclerosis has been recently recognized as an innovative approach with therapeutic potential. Guanidinoacetic acid is an experimental nutrient that plays a significant role in high-energy phosphate metabolism. The preliminary trials suggest beneficial effects of supplemental GAA in MS, with GAA augments biomarkers of brain energy metabolism and improves patient-reported features of the disease. GAA can also impact other metabolic footprints of MS, including demyelination, oxidative stress, and GABA-glutamate imbalance. In this mini-review article, we summarize studies (...)
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  141. Stochastic Physiological Gaze-Evoked Nystagmus With Slow Centripetal Drift During Fixational Eye Movements at Small Gaze Eccentricities.Makoto Ozawa, Yasuyuki Suzuki & Taishin Nomura - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    Involuntary eye movement during gaze fixation, referred to as fixational eye movement, consists of two types of components: a Brownian motion like component called drifts-tremor and a ballistic component called microsaccade with a mean saccadic amplitude of about 0.3° and a mean inter-MS interval of about 0.5 s. During GZ fixation in healthy people in an eccentric position, typically with an eccentricity more than 30°, eyes exhibit oscillatory movements alternating between centripetal drift and centrifugal saccade with a mean saccadic amplitude (...)
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  142. A Fully-Immersive Virtual Reality Setup to Study Gait Modulation.Chiara Palmisano, Peter Kullmann, Ibrahem Hanafi, Marta Verrecchia, Marc Erich Latoschik, Andrea Canessa, Martin Fischbach & Ioannis Ugo Isaias - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    Objective: Gait adaptation to environmental challenges is fundamental for independent and safe community ambulation. The possibility of precisely studying gait modulation using standardized protocols of gait analysis closely resembling everyday life scenarios is still an unmet need.Methods: We have developed a fully-immersive virtual reality environment where subjects have to adjust their walking pattern to avoid collision with a virtual agent crossing their gait trajectory. We collected kinematic data of 12 healthy young subjects walking in real world and in the VR (...)
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  143. Corrigendum: Alterations in Neural Networks During Working Memory Encoding Related to Cognitive Impairment in Temporal Lobe Epilepsy.Liping Pan, Yakun Wu, Jie Bao, Dandan Guo, Xin Zhang, Jiajing Wang, Meili Deng, Peiran Yu, Gaoxu Wei, Lulin Zhang, Xiao Qin & Yijun Song - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
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  144. Case Report: Laser Ablation Guided by State of the Art Source Imaging Ends an Adolescent's 16-Year Quest for Seizure Freedom.Christos Papadelis, Shannon E. Conrad, Yanlong Song, Sabrina Shandley, Daniel Hansen, Madhan Bosemani, Saleem Malik, Cynthia Keator & M. Scott Perry - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    Epilepsy surgery is the most effective therapeutic approach for children with drug resistant epilepsy. Recent advances in neurosurgery, such as the Laser Interstitial Thermal Therapy, improved the safety and non-invasiveness of this method. Electric and magnetic source imaging plays critical role in the delineation of the epileptogenic focus during the presurgical evaluation of children with DRE. Yet, they are currently underutilized even in tertiary epilepsy centers. Here, we present a case of an adolescent who suffered from DRE for 16 years (...)
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  145. Understanding Language Reorganization With Neuroimaging: How Language Adapts to Different Focal Lesions and Insights Into Clinical Applications.Luca Pasquini, Alberto Di Napoli, Maria Camilla Rossi-Espagnet, Emiliano Visconti, Antonio Napolitano, Andrea Romano, Alessandro Bozzao, Kyung K. Peck & Andrei I. Holodny - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    When the language-dominant hemisphere is damaged by a focal lesion, the brain may reorganize the language network through functional and structural changes known as adaptive plasticity. Adaptive plasticity is documented for triggers including ischemic, tumoral, and epileptic focal lesions, with effects in clinical practice. Many questions remain regarding language plasticity. Different lesions may induce different patterns of reorganization depending on pathologic features, location in the brain, and timing of onset. Neuroimaging provides insights into language plasticity due to its non-invasiveness, ability (...)
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  146. The Effects of a Single Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation Session on Impulsivity and Risk Among a Sample of Adult Recreational Cannabis Users.Herry Patel, Katherine Naish, Noam Soreni & Michael Amlung - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    Individuals with substance use disorders exhibit risk-taking behaviors, potentially leading to negative consequences and difficulty maintaining recovery. Non-invasive brain stimulation techniques such as transcranial direct current stimulation have yielded mixed effects on risk-taking among healthy controls. Given the importance of risk-taking behaviors among substance-using samples, this study aimed to examine the effects of tDCS on risk-taking among a sample of adults using cannabis. Using a double-blind design, 27 cannabis users [M age = 32.48, 41% female] were randomized, receiving one session (...)
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  147. The Application of Brain-Computer Interface in Upper Limb Dysfunction After Stroke: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials.Yang Peng, Jing Wang, Zicai Liu, Lida Zhong, Xin Wen, Pu Wang, Xiaoqian Gong & Huiyu Liu - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    ObjectiveThis study aimed to examine the effectiveness and safety of the Brain-computer interface in treatment of upper limb dysfunction after stroke.MethodsEnglish and Chinese electronic databases were searched up to July 2021. Randomized controlled trials were eligible. The methodological quality was assessed using Cochrane’s risk-of-bias tool. Meta-analysis was performed using RevMan 5.4.ResultsA total of 488 patients from 16 RCTs were included. The results showed that the meta-analysis of BCI-combined treatment on the improvement of the upper limb function showed statistical significance [standardized (...)
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  148. General and Specific Dimensions of Mood Symptoms Are Associated With Impairments in Common Executive Function in Adolescence and Young Adulthood.Elena C. Peterson, Hannah R. Snyder, Chiara Neilson, Benjamin M. Rosenberg, Christina M. Hough, Christina F. Sandman, Leoneh Ohanian, Samantha Garcia, Juliana Kotz, Jamie Finegan, Caitlin A. Ryan, Abena Gyimah, Sophia Sileo, David J. Miklowitz, Naomi P. Friedman & Roselinde H. Kaiser - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    Both unipolar and bipolar depression have been linked with impairments in executive functioning. In particular, mood symptom severity is associated with differences in common EF, a latent measure of general EF abilities. The relationship between mood disorders and EF is particularly salient in adolescence and young adulthood when the ongoing development of EF intersects with a higher risk of mood disorder onset. However, it remains unclear if common EF impairments have associations with specific symptom dimensions of mood pathology such as (...)
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  149. Editorial: Magnetoencephalography (MEG) in Epilepsy and Neurosurgery.Vahe Poghosyan, Stefan Rampp & Zhong Irene Wang - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
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  150. Change in Latent Gray-Matter Structural Integrity Is Associated With Change in Cardiovascular Fitness in Older Adults Who Engage in At-Home Aerobic Exercise.Sarah E. Polk, Maike M. Kleemeyer, Ylva Köhncke, Andreas M. Brandmaier, Nils C. Bodammer, Carola Misgeld, Johanna Porst, Bernd Wolfarth, Simone Kühn, Ulman Lindenberger, Elisabeth Wenger & Sandra Düzel - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    In aging humans, aerobic exercise interventions have been found to be associated with more positive or less negative changes in frontal and temporal brain areas, such as the anterior cingulate cortex and hippocampus, relative to no-exercise control conditions. However, individual measures such as gray-matter probability may afford less reliable and valid conclusions about maintenance or losses in structural brain integrity than a latent construct based on multiple indicators. Here, we established a latent factor of GM structural integrity based on GM (...)
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  151. Troubleshooting Gait Disturbances in Parkinson’s Disease With Deep Brain Stimulation.Nicoló G. Pozzi, Chiara Palmisano, Martin M. Reich, Philip Capetian, Claudio Pacchetti, Jens Volkmann & Ioannis U. Isaias - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    Deep brain stimulation of the subthalamic nucleus or the globus pallidus is an established treatment for Parkinson’s disease that yields a marked and lasting improvement of motor symptoms. Yet, DBS benefit on gait disturbances in PD is still debated and can be a source of dissatisfaction and poor quality of life. Gait disturbances in PD encompass a variety of clinical manifestations and rely on different pathophysiological bases. While gait disturbances arising years after DBS surgery can be related to disease progression, (...)
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  152. Neural Evidence for Different Types of Position Coding Strategies in Spatial Working Memory.Nina Purg, Martina Starc, Anka Slana Ozimič, Aleksij Kraljič, Andraž Matkovič & Grega Repovš - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    Sustained neural activity during the delay phase of spatial working memory tasks is compelling evidence for the neural correlate of active storage and maintenance of spatial information, however, it does not provide insight into specific mechanisms of spatial coding. This activity may reflect a range of processes, such as maintenance of a stimulus position or a prepared motor response plan. The aim of our study was to examine neural evidence for the use of different coding strategies, depending on the characteristics (...)
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  153. Effects of Different Degrees of Extraluminal Compression on Hemodynamics in a Prominent Transverse-Sigmoid Sinus Junction.Xiaoyu Qiu, Pengfei Zhao, Zhenxia Mu, Chihang Dai, Xiaoshuai Li, Ning Xu, Heyu Ding, Shusheng Gong, Zhenghan Yang, Bin Gao & Zhenchang Wang - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    ObjectivesTo simulate hemodynamic changes after extraluminal compression in pulsatile tinnitus patients with a prominent transverse-sigmoid sinus junction.MethodsOne patient-specific case was reconstructed based on computed tomography venography images of a PT patient. The compression degree served as a new index in this study. Cases with 10, 20, 30, 40, 50, 60, 70, 80, and 90% of the compression degree of the control subject were constructed. Steady-state computational fluid dynamics were assessed. The wall pressure distribution, wall maximum pressure and flow pattern of (...)
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  154. Cognitive Impact of Deep Brain Stimulation in Parkinson’s Disease Patients: A Systematic Review.Valentino Rački, Mario Hero, Gloria Rožmarić, Eliša Papić, Marina Raguž, Darko Chudy & Vladimira Vuletić - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    IntroductionParkinson’s disease patients have a significantly higher risk of developing dementia in later disease stages, leading to severe impairments in quality of life and self-functioning. Questions remain on how deep brain stimulation affects cognition, and whether we can individualize therapy and reduce the risk for adverse cognitive effects. Our aim in this systematic review is to assess the current knowledge in the field and determine if the findings could influence clinical practice.MethodsWe have conducted a systematic review according to PRISMA guidelines (...)
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  155. Combining Neural and Behavioral Measures Enhances Adaptive Training.Md Lutfor Rahman, Benjamin T. Files, Ashley H. Oiknine, Kimberly A. Pollard, Peter Khooshabeh, Chengyu Song & Antony D. Passaro - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    Adaptive training adjusts a training task with the goal of improving learning outcomes. Adaptive training has been shown to improve human performance in attention, working memory capacity, and motor control tasks. Additionally, correlations have been observed between neural EEG spectral features and the performance of some cognitive tasks. This relationship suggests some EEG features may be useful in adaptive training regimens. Here, we anticipated that adding a neural measure into a behavioral-based adaptive training system would improve human performance on a (...)
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  156. Investigating the Precise Localization of the Grasping Action in the Mid-Cingulate Cortex and Future Directions.Zebunnessa Rahman, Nicholas W. G. Murray, Jacint Sala-Padró, Melissa Bartley, Mark Dexter, Victor S. C. Fung, Neil Mahant, Andrew Fabian Bleasel & Chong H. Wong - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    ObjectiveTo prospectively study the cingulate cortex for the localization and role of the grasping action in humans during electrical stimulation of depth electrodes.MethodsAll the patients with intractable focal epilepsy and a depth electrode stereotactically placed in the cingulate cortex, as part of their pre-surgical epilepsy evaluation from 2015 to 2017, were included. Cortical stimulation was performed and examined for grasping actions. Post-implantation volumetric T1 MRIs were co-registered to determine the exact electrode position.ResultsFive patients exhibited contralateral grasping actions during electrical stimulation. (...)
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  157. Cerebellar Abnormalities on Proton MR Spectroscopy and Imaging in Patients With Gluten Ataxia: A Pilot Study.Vishwa Rawat, Ritu Tyagi, Inder Singh, Prasenjit Das, Achal Kumar Srivastava, Govind K. Makharia & Uma Sharma - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    Gluten ataxia is a rare immune-mediated neurological disorder caused by the ingestion of gluten. The diagnosis is not straightforward as antibodies are present in only up to 38% of patients, but often at lower titers. The symptoms of ataxia may be mild at the onset but lead to permanent damage if remain untreated. It is characterized by damage to the cerebellum however, the pathophysiology of the disease is not clearly understood. The present study investigated the neurochemical profile of vermis and (...)
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  158. The Effects of Combined Cognitive-Physical Interventions on Cognitive Functioning in Healthy Older Adults: A Systematic Review and Multilevel Meta-Analysis.Jennifer A. Rieker, José M. Reales, Mónica Muiños & Soledad Ballesteros - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    Research has shown that both physical exercise and cognitive training help to maintain cognition in older adults. The question is whether combined training might produce additive effects when the group comparisons are equated in terms of exercise intensity and modality. We conducted a systematic electronic search in MEDLINE, PsycInfo, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials databases to identify relevant studies published up to February 2021. Seven hundred and eighty-three effect sizes were obtained from 50 published intervention studies, involving 6,164 (...)
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  159. Brain Atrophy and Clinical Characterization of Adults With Mild Cognitive Impairment and Different Cerebrospinal Fluid Biomarker Profiles According to the AT(N) Research Framework of Alzheimer’s Disease.Miguel Ángel Rivas-Fernández, Mónica Lindín, Montserrat Zurrón, Fernando Díaz, José Manuel Aldrey-Vázquez, Juan Manuel Pías-Peleteiro, Laura Vázquez-Vázquez, Arturo Xosé Pereiro, Cristina Lojo-Seoane, Ana Nieto-Vieites & Santiago Galdo-Álvarez - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    IntroductionThis study aimed to evaluate, in adults with mild cognitive impairment, the brain atrophy that may distinguish between three AT biomarker-based profiles, and to determine its clinical value.MethodsStructural MRI was employed to evaluate the volume and cortical thickness differences in MCI patients with different AT profiles, namely, A−T−−: normal AD biomarkers; A+T−−: AD pathologic change; and A+T++: prodromal AD. Sensitivity and specificity of these changes were also estimated.ResultsAn initial atrophy in medial temporal lobe areas was found in the A+T−− and (...)
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  160. Study of Geometric Illusory Visual Perception – A New Perspective in the Functional Evaluation of Children With Strabismus.Juliana Tessari Dias Rohr, Cassiano Rodrigues Isaac, Adriano de Almeida de Lima, Ana Garcia, Procópio Miguel dos Santos & Maria Clotilde Henriques Tavares - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    Despite the various perceptual-motor deficits documented in strabismus, there is a paucity of studies evaluating visual illusions in patients with strabismus. The aim of this study was to examine how the illusionary perception occurs in children/adolescents with strabismus with referral for surgery to correct ocular deviations. A controlled cross-sectional study was carried out in which 45 participants with strabismus and 62 healthy volunteers aged 10–15 years were evaluated. The behavioral response to three geometric illusions [Vertical-Horizontal illusion, Müller-Lyer illusion and Ponzo (...)
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  161. Updated Review of the Evidence Supporting the Medical and Legal Use of NeuroQuant® and NeuroGage® in Patients With Traumatic Brain Injury.David E. Ross, John Seabaugh, Jan M. Seabaugh, Justis Barcelona, Daniel Seabaugh, Katherine Wright, Lee Norwind, Zachary King, Travis J. Graham, Joseph Baker & Tanner Lewis - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    Over 40 years of research have shown that traumatic brain injury affects brain volume. However, technical and practical limitations made it difficult to detect brain volume abnormalities in patients suffering from chronic effects of mild or moderate traumatic brain injury. This situation improved in 2006 with the FDA clearance of NeuroQuant®, a commercially available, computer-automated software program for measuring MRI brain volume in human subjects. More recent strides were made with the introduction of NeuroGage®, commercially available software that is based (...)
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  162. On the Effects of Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation on Cerebral Glucose Uptake During Walking: A Report of Three Patients With Multiple Sclerosis.Thorsten Rudroff, Alexandra C. Fietsam, Justin R. Deters, Craig D. Workman & Laura L. Boles Ponto - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    Common symptoms of multiple sclerosis include motor impairments of the lower extremities, particularly gait disturbances. Loss of balance and muscle weakness, representing some peripheral effects, have been shown to influence these symptoms, however, the individual role of cortical and subcortical structures in the central nervous system is still to be understood. Assessing [18F]fluorodeoxyglucose uptake in the CNS can assess brain activity and is directly associated with regional neuronal activity. One potential modality to increase cortical excitability and improve motor function in (...)
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  163. Long-Term Potentiation-Like Visual Synaptic Plasticity Is Negatively Associated With Self-Reported Symptoms of Depression and Stress in Healthy Adults.Trine Waage Rygvold, Christoffer Hatlestad-Hall, Torbjørn Elvsåshagen, Torgeir Moberget & Stein Andersson - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    Long-term potentiation is one of the most extensively studied forms of neuroplasticity and is considered the strongest candidate mechanism for memory and learning. The use of event-related potentials and sensory stimulation paradigms has allowed for the translation from animal studies to non-invasive studies of LTP-like synaptic plasticity in humans. Accumulating evidence suggests that synaptic plasticity as measured by stimulus-specific response modulation is reduced in neuropsychiatric disorders such as major depressive disorder, bipolar disorders and schizophrenia, suggesting that impaired synaptic plasticity plays (...)
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  164. Review—Emerging Portable Technologies for Gait Analysis in Neurological Disorders.Christina Salchow-Hömmen, Matej Skrobot, Magdalena C. E. Jochner, Thomas Schauer, Andrea A. Kühn & Nikolaus Wenger - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    The understanding of locomotion in neurological disorders requires technologies for quantitative gait analysis. Numerous modalities are available today to objectively capture spatiotemporal gait and postural control features. Nevertheless, many obstacles prevent the application of these technologies to their full potential in neurological research and especially clinical practice. These include the required expert knowledge, time for data collection, and missing standards for data analysis and reporting. Here, we provide a technological review of wearable and vision-based portable motion analysis tools that emerged (...)
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  165.  2
    Editorial: Bridging Cognitive Neuroscience and Neurosurgery for Effective Brain Mapping.Elena Salillas, Alessandro Della Puppa & Carlo Semenza - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
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  166. Regularized Functional Connectivity in Schizophrenia.Raymond Salvador, Paola Fuentes-Claramonte, María Ángeles García-León, Núria Ramiro, Joan Soler-Vidal, María Llanos Torres, Pilar Salgado-Pineda, Josep Munuera, Aristotle Voineskos & Edith Pomarol-Clotet - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    Regularization may be used as an alternative to dimensionality reduction when the number of variables in a model is much larger than the number of available observations. In a recent study from our group regularized regression was employed to quantify brain functional connectivity in a sample of healthy controls using a brain parcellation and resting state fMRI images. Here regularization is applied to evaluate resting state connectivity abnormalities at the voxel level in a sample of patients with schizophrenia. Specifically, ridge (...)
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  167. The Relationship Between Default Mode and Dorsal Attention Networks Is Associated With Depressive Disorder Diagnosis and the Strength of Memory Representations Acquired Prior to the Resting State Scan.Skye Satz, Yaroslav O. Halchenko, Rachel Ragozzino, Mora M. Lucero, Mary L. Phillips, Holly A. Swartz & Anna Manelis - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    Previous research indicates that individuals with depressive disorders have aberrant resting state functional connectivity and may experience memory dysfunction. While resting state functional connectivity may be affected by experiences preceding the resting state scan, little is known about this relationship in individuals with DD. Our study examined this question in the context of object memory. 52 individuals with DD and 45 healthy controls completed clinical interviews, and a memory encoding task followed by a forced-choice recognition test. A 5-min resting state (...)
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  168. Balance Impairment in Fahr’s Disease: Mixed Signs of Parkinsonism and Cerebellar Disorder. A Case Study.Stefano Scarano, Viviana Rota, Luigi Tesio, Laura Perucca, Antonio Robecchi Majnardi & Antonio Caronni - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    Fahr’s disease is a rare idiopathic degenerative disease characterized by calcifications in the brain, and has also been associated with balance impairment. However, a detailed analysis of balance in these patients has not been performed. A 69-year-old woman with Fahr’s disease presented with a long-lasting subjective imbalance. Balance was analyzed using both clinical and instrumented tests. The patient’s balance was normal during clinical tests and walking. However, during standing, a striking impairment in vestibular control of balance emerged. The balance behavior (...)
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  169.  1
    Neuroscience Education Begins With Good Science: Communication About Phineas Gage (1823–1860), One of Neurology’s Most-Famous Patients, in Scientific Articles. [REVIEW]Stephan Schleim - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    Phineas Gage is one of the most famous neurological patients. His case is still described in psychology textbooks and in scientific journal articles. A controversy has been going on about the possible consequences of his accident, destroying part of his prefrontal cortex, particularly with respect to behavioral and personality changes. Earlier studies investigated the accuracy of descriptions in psychology textbooks. This is, to my knowledge, the first analysis of journal articles in this respect. These were investigated with regard to four (...)
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  170. Subthalamic Deep Brain Stimulation Lead Asymmetry Impacts the Parkinsonian Gait Disorder.Frederik P. Schott, Alessandro Gulberti, Hans O. Pinnschmidt, Christian Gerloff, Christian K. E. Moll, Miriam Schaper, Johannes A. Koeppen, Wolfgang Hamel & Monika Pötter-Nerger - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    BackgroundThe preferable position of Deep Brain Stimulation electrodes is proposed to be located in the dorsolateral subthalamic nucleus to improve general motor performance. The optimal DBS electrode localization for the post-operative improvement of balance and gait is unknown.MethodsIn this single-center, retrospective analyses, 66 Parkinson’s disease patients were assessed pre- and post-operatively by using MDS-UPDRS, freezing of gait score, Giladi’s gait and falls questionnaire and Berg balance scale. The clinical outcome was related to the DBS electrode coordinates in x, y, z (...)
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  171. Forgiveness Mediates the Relationship Between Middle Frontal Gyrus Volume and Clinical Symptoms in Adolescents.Eleanor M. Schuttenberg, Jennifer T. Sneider, David H. Rosmarin, Julia E. Cohen-Gilbert, Emily N. Oot, Anna M. Seraikas, Elena R. Stein, Arkadiy L. Maksimovskiy, Sion K. Harris & Marisa M. Silveri - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    Dispositional forgiveness is positively associated with many facets of wellbeing and has protective implications against depression and anxiety in adolescents. However, little work has been done to examine neurobiological aspects of forgiveness as they relate to clinical symptoms. In order to better understand the neural mechanisms supporting the protective role of forgiveness in adolescents, the current study examined the middle frontal gyrus, which comprises the majority of the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex and is associated with cognitive regulation, and its relationship to (...)
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  172. Daily-Life Physical Activity of Healthy Young Adults Associates With Function and Structure of the Hippocampus.Sara Seoane, Laura Ezama & Niels Janssen - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    Previous research on Physical Activity has been highly valuable in elucidating how PA affects the structure and function of the hippocampus in elderly populations that take part in structured interventions. However, how PA affects the hippocampus in younger populations that perform PA during daily-life activities remains poorly understood. In addition, this research has not examined the impact of PA on the internal structure of the hippocampus. Here, we performed a cross-sectional exploration of the way structural and functional aspects of the (...)
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  173. The Relationship Between Pre-Existing Coronary Heart Disease and Cognitive Impairment Is Partly Explained by Reduced Left Ventricular Ejection Fraction in the Subjects Without Clinical Heart Failure: A Cross-Sectional Study.Suhang Shang, Ziyu Liu, Jinying Gao, Jin Wang, Wenhui Lu, Yulang Fei, Binyan Zhang, Baibing Mi, Pei Li, Louyan Ma, Yu Jiang, Chen Chen, Liangjun Dang, Jie Liu & Qiumin Qu - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    BackgroundCoronary heart disease is closely associated with cognitive impairment, especially in severe cases of heart failure. However, it is unclear whether cardiac systolic function plays a role in the relationship between pre-existing CHD and cognitive impairment in subjects without clinical heart failure.MethodsIn total, 208 subjects from the First Affiliated Hospital of Xi’an Jiaotong University were recruited from June 2014 to January 2015, and were divided into CHD and non-CHD groups according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria. The global cognitive function (...)
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  174. Integrating Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Treatment With 8-Week Tai Chi Chuan Practice: An Exploration of Mind-Body Intervention and Neural Mechanism.Haoran Shen, Li-Zhen Chen, Zhuoer Hu, Xiaoyan Yao, Tao Yang, Lan Zhang, Qiang Tu, Guangxi Li & Gao-Xia Wei - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
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  175. Editorial: AI-Based Computer-Aided Diagnosis and Prognosis for Psychiatric Disorders.Miseon Shim, Do-Won Kim, Seung-Hwan Lee & Han-Jeong Hwang - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
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  176. Application of the Gait Deviation Index to Study Gait Impairment in Adult Population With Spinal Cord Injury: Comparison With the Walking Index for Spinal Cord Injury Levels.Isabel Sinovas-Alonso, Diana Herrera-Valenzuela, Roberto Cano-de-la-Cuerda, Ana de los Reyes-Guzmán, Antonio J. del-Ama & Ángel Gil-Agudo - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    The Gait Deviation Index is a multivariate measure of overall gait pathology based on 15 gait features derived from three-dimensional kinematic data. GDI aims at providing a comprehensive, easy to interpret, and clinically meaningful metric of overall gait function. It has been used as an outcome measure to study gait in several conditions: cerebral palsy, post-stroke hemiparetic gait, Duchenne muscular dystrophy, and Parkinson’s disease, among others. Nevertheless, its use in population with Spinal Cord Injury has not been studied yet. The (...)
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  177. Primary School Children’s Self-Reports of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder-Related Symptoms and Their Associations With Subjective and Objective Measures of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder.Ortal Slobodin & Michael Davidovitch - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    BackgroundThe diagnosis of Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder is primarily dependent on parents’ and teachers’ reports, while children’s own perspectives on their difficulties and strengths are often overlooked.GoalTo further increase our insight into children’s ability to reliably report about their ADHD-related symptoms, the current study examined the associations between children’s self-reports, parents’ and teachers’ reports, and standardized continuous performance test data. We also examined whether the addition of children’s perceptions of ADHD-symptoms to parents’ and teachers’ reports would be reflected by objective (...)
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  178. Learning Words While Listening to Syllables: Electrophysiological Correlates of Statistical Learning in Children and Adults.Ana Paula Soares, Francisco-Javier Gutiérrez-Domínguez, Alexandrina Lages, Helena M. Oliveira, Margarida Vasconcelos & Luis Jiménez - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    From an early age, exposure to a spoken language has allowed us to implicitly capture the structure underlying the succession of speech sounds in that language and to segment it into meaningful units. Statistical learning, the ability to pick up patterns in the sensory environment without intention or reinforcement, is thus assumed to play a central role in the acquisition of the rule-governed aspects of language, including the discovery of word boundaries in the continuous acoustic stream. Although extensive evidence has (...)
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  179.  1
    Metacognitive Ability and the Precision of Confidence.Keita Somatori & Yoshihiko Kunisato - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    In prior research, signal detection theory has been widely utilized to assess metacognitive ability. However, the SDT metacognitive model requires the use of a two-alternative forced-choice task, while confidence must also be measured discretely. In our model, participants’ cognitive ability and their confidence in the cognitive task were used to estimate their metacognitive abilities. Therefore, in this study, a metacognitive model that can be applied to various cognitive tasks was developed. This model implements the item response theory and Q-learning models (...)
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  180. Early Influence of Emotional Scenes on the Encoding of Fearful Expressions With Different Intensities: An Event-Related Potential Study.Sutao Song, Meiyun Wu & Chunliang Feng - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    Contextual affective information influences the processing of facial expressions at the relatively early stages of face processing, but the effect of the context on the processing of facial expressions with varying intensities remains unclear. In this study, we investigated the influence of emotional scenes on the processing of fear expressions at different levels of intensity during the early stages of facial recognition using event-related potential technology. EEG data were collected while participants performed a fearful facial expression recognition task. The results (...)
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  181. Effect of the Menstrual Cycle on Electroencephalogram Alpha and Beta Bands During Motor Imagery and Action Observation.Rafaela Faustino Lacerda de Souza, Thatiane Maria Almeida Silveira Mendes, Luana Adalice Borges de Araujo Lima, Daniel Soares Brandão, Diego Andrés Laplagne & Maria Bernardete Cordeiro de Sousa - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    Female sex steroids can affect the motor system, modulating motor cortex excitability as well as performance in dexterity and coordination tasks. However, it has not yet been explored whether FSS affects the cognitive components of motor behavior. Mu is a sensorimotor rhythm observed by electroencephalography in alpha and beta frequency bands in practices such as motor imagery and action observation. This rhythm represents a window for studying the activity of neural circuits involved in motor cognition. Herein we investigated whether the (...)
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  182. Balance Adaptation While Standing on a Compliant Base Depends on the Current Sensory Condition in Healthy Young Adults.Stefania Sozzi & Marco Schieppati - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    BackgroundSeveral investigations have addressed the process of balance adaptation to external perturbations. The adaptation during unperturbed stance has received little attention. Further, whether the current sensory conditions affect the adaptation rate has not been established. We have addressed the role of vision and haptic feedback on adaptation while standing on foam.MethodsIn 22 young subjects, the analysis of geometric and spectral variables of the oscillation of the centre of feet pressure identified the effects of vision, light-touch or both in the anteroposterior (...)
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  183. Applying Dimensionality Reduction Techniques in Source-Space Electroencephalography Via Template and Magnetic Resonance Imaging-Derived Head Models to Continuously Decode Hand Trajectories.Nitikorn Srisrisawang & Gernot R. Müller-Putz - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    Several studies showed evidence supporting the possibility of hand trajectory decoding from low-frequency electroencephalography. However, the decoding in the source space via source localization is scarcely investigated. In this study, we tried to tackle the problem of collinearity due to the higher number of signals in the source space by two folds: first, we selected signals in predefined regions of interest ; second, we applied dimensionality reduction techniques to each ROI. The dimensionality reduction techniques were computing the mean, principal component (...)
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  184. Editorial: Mathematical, Computational, and Empirical Approaches to Exploring Neuronal Mechanisms Underlying Cognitive Functions.Vipin Srivastava & David J. Parker - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
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  185. Therapy-Induced Electrophysiological Changes in Primary Progressive Aphasia: A Preliminary Study.Jara Stalpaert, Sofie Standaert, Lien D’Helft, Marijke Miatton, Anne Sieben, Tim Van Langenhove, Wouter Duyck, Pieter van Mierlo & Miet De Letter - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    AimsThis preliminary study aimed to investigate therapy-induced electrophysiological changes in persons with primary progressive aphasia. The investigated event-related potential components associated with language processing were the mismatch negativity, P300, N400, and P600.MethodsA linguistic ERP test battery and standardized language assessment were administered in four patients with PPA of which two received speech-language therapy and two did not receive therapy. The battery was administered twice with approximately 6 months in between in each patient. The results of the follow-up assessments were compared (...)
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  186. Brain Response to a Knee Proprioception Task Among Persons With Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction and Controls.Andrew Strong, Helena Grip, Carl-Johan Boraxbekk, Jonas Selling & Charlotte K. Häger - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    Knee proprioception deficits and neuroplasticity have been indicated following injury to the anterior cruciate ligament. Evidence is, however, scarce regarding brain response to knee proprioception tasks and the impact of ACL injury. This study aimed to identify brain regions associated with the proprioceptive sense of joint position at the knee and whether the related brain response of individuals with ACL reconstruction differed from that of asymptomatic controls. Twenty-one persons with unilateral ACL reconstruction of either the right or left knee, as (...)
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  187. Visual Perturbation Suggests Increased Effort to Maintain Balance in Early Stages of Parkinson’s to Be an Effect of Age Rather Than Disease.Justus Student, David Engel, Lars Timmermann, Frank Bremmer & Josefine Waldthaler - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    Postural instability marks a prevalent symptom of Parkinson’s disease. It often manifests in increased body sway, which is commonly assessed by tracking the Center of Pressure. Yet, in terms of postural control, the body’s Center of Mass, and not CoP is what is regulated in a gravitational field. The aim of this study was to explore the effect of early- to mid-stage PD on these measures of postural control in response to unpredictable visual perturbations. We investigated three cohorts: 18 patients (...)
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  188. Quantitative Analysis for the Delineation of the Subthalamic Nuclei on Three-Dimensional Stereotactic MRI Before Deep Brain Stimulation Surgery for Medication-Refractory Parkinson’s Disease.Chun-Yu Su, Alex Mun-Ching Wong, Chih-Chen Chang, Po-Hsun Tu, Chiung Chu Chen & Chih-Hua Yeh - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    Delineation of the subthalamic nuclei on MRI is critical for deep brain stimulation surgery in patients with Parkinson’s disease. We propose this retrospective cohort study for quantitative analysis of MR signal-to-noise ratio, contrast, and signal difference-to-noise ratio of the STN on pre-operative three-dimensional stereotactic MRI in patients with medication-refractory PD. Forty-five consecutive patients with medication-refractory PD who underwent STN-DBS surgery in our hospital from January 2018 to June 2021 were included in this study. All patients had whole-brain 3D MRI, including (...)
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  189. A Single DBS-Lead to Stimulate the Thalamus and Subthalamus: Two-Story Targets for Tremor Disorders.Jumpei Sugiyama & Hiroki Toda - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
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  190. EEG-Based Spectral Analysis Showing Brainwave Changes Related to Modulating Progressive Fatigue During a Prolonged Intermittent Motor Task.Easter S. Suviseshamuthu, Vikram Shenoy Handiru, Didier Allexandre, Armand Hoxha, Soha Saleh & Guang H. Yue - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    Repeatedly performing a submaximal motor task for a prolonged period of time leads to muscle fatigue comprising a central and peripheral component, which demands a gradually increasing effort. However, the brain contribution to the enhancement of effort to cope with progressing fatigue lacks a complete understanding. The intermittent motor tasks closely resemble many activities of daily living, thus remaining physiologically relevant to study fatigue. The scope of this study is therefore to investigate the EEG-based brain activation patterns in healthy subjects (...)
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  191. Young Children Intuitively Divide Before They Recognize the Division Symbol.Emily Szkudlarek, Haobai Zhang, Nicholas K. DeWind & Elizabeth M. Brannon - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    Children bring intuitive arithmetic knowledge to the classroom before formal instruction in mathematics begins. For example, children can use their number sense to add, subtract, compare ratios, and even perform scaling operations that increase or decrease a set of dots by a factor of 2 or 4. However, it is currently unknown whether children can engage in a true division operation before formal mathematical instruction. Here we examined the ability of 6- to 9-year-old children and college students to perform symbolic (...)
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  192. Are Clinical Impairments Related to Kinematic Gait Variability in Children and Young Adults With Cerebral Palsy?Anne Tabard-Fougère, Dionys Rutz, Annie Pouliot-Laforte, Geraldo De Coulon, Christopher J. Newman, Stéphane Armand & Jennifer Wegrzyk - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    Intrinsic gait variability, i.e., fluctuations in the regularity of gait patterns between repetitive cycles, is inherent to the sensorimotor system and influenced by factors such as age and pathology. Increased GV is associated with gait impairments in individuals with cerebral palsy and has been mainly studied based on spatiotemporal parameters. The present study aimed to describe kinematic GV in young people with CP and its associations with clinical impairments [i.e., passive range of motion, muscle weakness, reduced selective motor control, and (...)
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  193.  1
    Editorial: The Relationship Between Neural Circuitry and Biomechanical Action.Redha Taiar, Mario Bernardo-Filho, Borja Sañudo & Yury Ivanenko - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
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  194. Testing the Reproducibility of the Effects of Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation: Failure to Modulate Beauty Perception by Brain Stimulation.Kuri Takahashi & Yuko Yotsumoto - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    Transcranial direct current stimulation has been recognized as a promising tool for investigating the causal relationship between specific brain areas of interest and behavior. However, the reproducibility of previous tDCS studies is often questioned because of failures in replication. This study focused on the effects of tDCS on one cognitive domain: beauty perception. To date, the modulation of beauty perception by tDCS has been shown in two studies: Cattaneo et al. and Nakamura and Kawabata. Here, we aimed at replicating their (...)
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  195. Overt Oculomotor Behavior Reveals Covert Temporal Predictions.Alessandro Tavano & Sonja A. Kotz - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    Our eyes move in response to stimulus statistics, reacting to surprising events, and adapting to predictable ones. Cortical and subcortical pathways contribute to generating context-specific eye-movement dynamics, and oculomotor dysfunction is recognized as one the early clinical markers of Parkinson's disease. We asked if covert computations of environmental statistics generating temporal expectations for a potential target are registered by eye movements, and if so, assuming that temporal expectations rely on motor system efficiency, whether they are impaired in PD. We used (...)
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  196. Dopamine-Related Reduction of Semantic Spreading Activation in Patients With Parkinson’s Disease.Hannes Ole Tiedt, Felicitas Ehlen & Fabian Klostermann - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    Impaired performance in verbal fluency tasks is a frequent observation in Parkinson’s disease. As to the nature of the underlying cognitive deficit, it is commonly attributed to a frontal-type dysexecutive syndrome due to nigrostriatal dopamine depletion. Whereas dopaminergic medication typically improves VF performance in PD, e.g., by ameliorating impaired lexical switching, its effect on semantic network activation is unclear. Data from priming studies suggest that dopamine causes a faster decay of semantic activation spread. The aim of the current study was (...)
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  197. Spatio-Temporal Brain Dynamic Differences in Fluid Intelligence.Nadja Tschentscher & Paul Sauseng - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    Human fluid intelligence is closely linked to the sequential solving of complex problems. It has been associated with a distributed cognitive control or multiple-demand network, comprising regions of lateral frontal, insular, dorsomedial frontal, and parietal cortex. Previous neuroimaging research suggests that the MD network may orchestrate the allocation of attentional resources to individual parts of a complex task: in a complex target detection task with multiple independent rules, applied one at a time, reduced response to rule-critical events across the MD (...)
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  198. Infants’ Hemodynamic Modulation in the Temporal Region.Yuki Tsuji, So Kanazawa & Masami K. Yamaguchi - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    This study examined whether 8-month-old infants’ hemodynamic responses in the temporal region were modulated by repeated presentation of “Peekaboo” by using functional near-infrared spectroscopy. Previous studies have shown that infants’ temporal region responds to faces. A recent electroencephalography study showed that the neural activity of infants was modulated by repeated presentation of “Peekaboo.” Some fNIRS studies also revealed that the movie of “Peekaboo” activated the hemodynamic response of the temporal region in infancy. However, no studies have shown the hemodynamic modulation (...)
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  199. Responsiveness of the Traumatic Brain Injury Quality of Life Cognition Banks in Recent Brain Injury.Callie E. Tyner, Pamela A. Kisala, Aaron J. Boulton, Mark Sherer, Nancy D. Chiaravalloti, Angelle M. Sander, Tamara Bushnik & David S. Tulsky - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    Patient report of functioning is one component of the neurocognitive exam following traumatic brain injury, and standardized patient-reported outcomes measures are useful to track outcomes during rehabilitation. The Traumatic Brain Injury Quality of Life measurement system is a TBI-specific extension of the PROMIS and Neuro-QoL measurement systems that includes 20 item banks across physical, emotional, social, and cognitive domains. Previous research has evaluated the responsiveness of the TBI-QOL measures in community-dwelling individuals and found clinically important change over a 6-month assessment (...)
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  200. Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation Targeting the Entire Motor Network Does Not Increase Corticospinal Excitability.Joris Van der Cruijsen, Zeb D. Jonker, Eleni-Rosalina Andrinopoulou, Jessica E. Wijngaarden, Ditte A. Tangkau, Joke H. M. Tulen, Maarten A. Frens, Gerard M. Ribbers & Ruud W. Selles - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    Transcranial direct current stimulation over the contralateral primary motor cortex of the target muscle has been described to enhance corticospinal excitability, as measured with transcranial magnetic stimulation. Recently, tDCS targeting the brain regions functionally connected to the contralateral primary motor cortex was reported to enhance corticospinal excitability more than conventional tDCS. We compared the effects of motor network tDCS, 2 mA conventional tDCS, and sham tDCS on corticospinal excitability in 21 healthy participants in a randomized, single-blind within-subject study design. We (...)
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  201. Object Recognition and Dorsal Stream Vulnerabilities in Children With Early Brain Damage.Ymie J. van der Zee, Peter L. J. Stiers & Heleen M. Evenhuis - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    AimVisual functions of the dorsal stream are considered vulnerable in children with early brain damage. Considering the recognition of objects in suboptimal representations a dorsal stream dysfunction, we examined whether children with early brain damage and impaired object recognition had either general or selective dorsal stream dysfunctions.MethodIn a group of children with early brain damage we evaluated the dorsal stream functioning. To determine whether these patients had an increased risk of a dorsal stream dysfunction we compared the percentage of patients (...)
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  202. Vagus Nerve Stimulation as a Potential Therapy in Early Alzheimer’s Disease: A Review.Mariana Vargas-Caballero, Hannah Warming, Robert Walker, Clive Holmes, Garth Cruickshank & Bipin Patel - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    Cognitive dysfunction in Alzheimer’s disease is caused by disturbances in neuronal circuits of the brain underpinned by synapse loss, neuronal dysfunction and neuronal death. Amyloid beta and tau protein cause these pathological changes and enhance neuroinflammation, which in turn modifies disease progression and severity. Vagal nerve stimulation, via activation of the locus coeruleus, results in the release of catecholamines in the hippocampus and neocortex, which can enhance synaptic plasticity and reduce inflammatory signalling. Vagal nerve stimulation has shown promise to enhance (...)
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  203. The Effects of Intermittent Trunk Flexion With and Without Support on Sitting Balance in Young Adults.Matej Voglar, Žiga Kozinc, Idsart Kingma, Jaap H. van Dieën & Nejc Šarabon - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    Prolonged trunk flexion is known to affect passive and active stabilization of the trunk. Previous studies have evaluated changes in spinal range of motion, muscle activity and reflex behavior induced by prolonged trunk flexion, whereas the effect on sitting postural control is vastly underexplored. In this study, we compared the effects of supported and unsupported intermittent trunk flexion on center of pressure motion during sitting on an unstable seat. Participants were exposed to 1-h intermittent trunk flexion and CoP root mean (...)
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  204. Combined Subthalamic and Nigral Stimulation Modulates Temporal Gait Coordination and Cortical Gait-Network Activity in Parkinson’s Disease.Jonas R. Wagner, Miriam Schaper, Wolfgang Hamel, Manfred Westphal, Christian Gerloff, Andreas K. Engel, Christian K. E. Moll, Alessandro Gulberti & Monika Pötter-Nerger - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    BackgroundFreezing of gait is a disabling burden for Parkinson’s disease patients with poor response to conventional therapies. Combined deep brain stimulation of the subthalamic nucleus and substantia nigra moved into focus as a potential therapeutic option to treat the parkinsonian gait disorder and refractory FoG. The mechanisms of action of DBS within the cortical-subcortical-basal ganglia network on gait, particularly at the cortical level, remain unclear.MethodsTwelve patients with idiopathic PD and chronically-implanted DBS electrodes were assessed on their regular dopaminergic medication in (...)
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  205. Psychometric Properties of the Revised Dysexecutive Questionnaire in a Non-Clinical Population.Hannah Wakely, Ratko Radakovic, Andrew Bateman, Sara Simblett, Jessica Fish & Fergus Gracey - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    AimsThe aim of this study was to assess the psychometric properties of the revised self-rated version of the Dysexecutive Questionnaire within a non-clinical sample.MethodsThe study was hosted online, with 140 participants completing the DEX-R, GAD-2 and PHQ-2. Sixty participants also completed the FrSBe, with 99 additionally completing the DEX-R again 3 weeks later. Correlations with demographic factors and symptoms of anxiety and depression were conducted. Rasch and factor analysis were also used to explore underlying subconstructs.ResultsThe DEX-R correlated highly with the (...)
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  206. Improved Brain–Computer Interface Signal Recognition Algorithm Based on Few-Channel Motor Imagery.Fan Wang, Huadong Liu, Lei Zhao, Lei Su, Jianhua Zhou, Anmin Gong & Yunfa Fu - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    Common spatial pattern is an effective algorithm for extracting electroencephalogram features of motor imagery ; however, CSP mainly aims at multichannel EEG signals, and its effect in extracting EEG features with fewer channels is poor—even worse than before using CSP. To solve the above problem, a new combined feature extraction method has been proposed in this study. For EEG signals from fewer channels, wavelet packet transform, fast ensemble empirical mode decomposition, and local mean decomposition were used to decompose the band-pass (...)
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  207.  2
    Configural but Not Featural Face Information Is Associated With Automatic Processing.Hailing Wang, Enguang Chen, JingJing Li, Fanglin Ji, Yujing Lian & Shimin Fu - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    Configural face processing precedes featural face processing under the face-attended condition, but their temporal sequence in the absence of attention is unclear. The present study investigated this issue by recording visual mismatch negativity, which indicates the automatic processing of visual information under unattended conditions. Participants performed a central cross size change detection task, in which random sequences of faces were presented peripherally, in an oddball paradigm. In Experiment 1, configural and featural faces were presented infrequently among original faces. In Experiment (...)
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  208. Functional Deficits and Structural Changes Associated With the Visual Attention Network During Resting State in Adult Strabismic and Anisometropic Amblyopes.Hao Wang, Minglong Liang, Sheila G. Crewther, Zhengqin Yin, Jian Wang, David P. Crewther & Tao Yu - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    Our previous study has shown impaired blood oxygen level-dependent /functional magnetic resonance imaging activation of the visual attention network in strabismic amblyopia. However, there has been no comparison of resting state fMRI activation and functional connectivity in brain regions of interest along the visual attention network including visual cortex, intraparietal sulcus, and frontal eye fields during closed eye resting across the SA, or anisometropic amblyopes groups. Hence, we compared, gray matter volume, amplitude of low frequency fluctuations, regional homogeneity, and FC (...)
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  209. Halo Sport Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation Improved Muscular Endurance Performance and Neuromuscular Efficiency During an Isometric Submaximal Fatiguing Elbow Flexion Task.Lejun Wang, Ce Wang, Hua Yang, Qineng Shao, Wenxin Niu, Ye Yang & Fanhui Zheng - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    The present study examined the effects of transcranial direct current stimulation using Halo Sport on the time to exhaustion in relation with muscle activities and corticomuscular coupling of agonist and antagonist muscles during a sustained isometric fatiguing contraction performed with the elbow flexors. Twenty healthy male college students were randomly assigned to tDCS group and control group. The two group participants performed two experimental sessions which consisted of pre-fatigue isometric maximal voluntary contraction, sustained submaximal voluntary contractions performed to exhaustion, and (...)
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  210. A Functional Near-Infrared Spectroscopy Examination of the Neural Correlates of Mental Rotation for Individuals With Different Depressive Tendencies.Liusheng Wang, Jingqi Ke & Haiyan Zhang - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    The present study aimed to examine the neural mechanisms underlying the ability to process the mental rotation with mirrored stimuli for different depressive tendencies with psychomotor retardation. Using functional near-infrared spectroscopy, we measured brain cortex activation of participants with higher and lower depressive tendencies while performing a left-right paradigm of object mental rotation or a same-different paradigm of subject mental rotation. Behavioral data revealed no differences in reaction time and rotation speed. The fNIRS data revealed a higher deactivation of oxyhemoglobin (...)
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  211. In Vivo Measurements of Electric Fields During Cranial Electrical Stimulation in the Human Brain.Minmin Wang, Tao Feng, Hongjie Jiang, Junming Zhu, Wuwei Feng, Pratik Y. Chhatbar, Jianmin Zhang & Shaomin Zhang - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    Cranial electrical stimulation has been applied at various current levels in both adults and children with neurological conditions with seemingly promising but somewhat inconsistent results. Stimulation-induced spatial electric fields within a specific brain region are likely a significant contributing factor for the biological effects. Although several simulation models have been used to predict EF distributions in the brain, these models actually have not been validated by in vivo CES-induced EF measurements in the live human brain. This study directly measured the (...)
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  212. Combination of Group Singular Value Decomposition and eLORETA Identifies Human EEG Networks and Responses to Transcranial Photobiomodulation.Xinlong Wang, Hashini Wanniarachchi, Anqi Wu & Hanli Liu - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    Transcranial Photobiomodulation has demonstrated its ability to alter electrophysiological activity in the human brain. However, it is unclear how tPBM modulates brain electroencephalogram networks and is related to human cognition. In this study, we recorded 64-channel EEG from 44 healthy humans before, during, and after 8-min, right-forehead, 1,064-nm tPBM or sham stimulation with an irradiance of 257 mW/cm2. In data processing, a novel methodology by combining group singular value decomposition with the exact low-resolution brain electromagnetic tomography was implemented and performed (...)
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  213.  1
    Altered Spontaneous Brain Activity Patterns in Children With Strabismic Amblyopia After Low-Frequency Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation: A Resting-State Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging Study.Yi-Ning Wang, Yi-Cong Pan, Hui-Ye Shu, Li-Juan Zhang, Qiu-Yu Li, Qian-Min Ge, Rong-Bin Liang & Yi Shao - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    ObjectivePrevious studies have demonstrated altered brain activity in strabismic amblyopia. In this study, low-frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation was applied in children with strabismic amblyopia after they had undergone strabismus surgery. The effect of rTMS was investigated by measuring the changes of brain features using the amplitude of low-frequency fluctuation.Materials and MethodsIn this study, 21 SA patients were recruited based on their age, weight, and sex. They all had SA in their left eyes and they received rTMS treatment one month (...)
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  214. Can an Online Reading Camp Teach 5-Year-Old Children to Read?Yael Weiss, Jason D. Yeatman, Suzanne Ender, Liesbeth Gijbels, Hailley Loop, Julia C. Mizrahi, Bo Y. Woo & Patricia K. Kuhl - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    Literacy is an essential skill. Learning to read is a requirement for becoming a self-providing human being. However, while spoken language is acquired naturally with exposure to language without explicit instruction, reading and writing need to be taught explicitly. Decades of research have shown that well-structured teaching of phonological awareness, letter knowledge, and letter-to-sound mapping is crucial in building solid foundations for the acquisition of reading. During the COVID-19 pandemic, children worldwide did not have access to consistent and structured teaching (...)
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  215. The Effectiveness of Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation for Post-Stroke Dysphagia: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.Xin Wen, Zicai Liu, Lida Zhong, Yang Peng, Jing Wang, Huiyu Liu & Xiaoqian Gong - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    BackgroundRepetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation applied to the mylohyoid cortical region has positive clinical effects on post-stroke. Therefore, we conducted a meta-analysis to investigate the efficacy of rTMS for patients with post-stroke dysphagia.MethodsAccording to PRISMA guidelines, we searched the databases of MEDLINE, Cochrane Library, Embase, Web of Science, CNKI, Wangfang. We searched for studies of randomized controlled trials of rTMS to treat dysphagia after stroke and screened by inclusion and exclusion criteria. Features of RCTs were extracted. The heterogeneity of the trials (...)
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  216. The Brain Structural-Functional Vulnerability in Drug-Naive Children With Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis: Insights From the Hippocampus.Yifei Weng, Cuili Yi, Hongyan Liang, Kezhao Lin, Xiaohuang Zheng, Jihong Xiao & Haiwei Han - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    ObjectiveLeveraging an integrative multimodal MRI paradigm to elaborate on the hippocampus-derived structural and functional changes in children and adolescents with juvenile idiopathic arthritis and to explore potential correlations within the “joint-inflammation-brain” axis during the period of central neural system development.MethodsTwenty-one patients with JIA all completed the multimodal MRI scanning, laboratory tests, and neuropsychological assessments; meanwhile, 23 matched controls were recruited. We then harnessed the spherical harmonics with a point distribution model and the ROI-to-voxel functional connectivity to measure the hippocampal shape (...)
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  217. Decreased Postural Complexity in Overweight to Obese Children and Adolescents: A Cross-Sectional Study.Hans-Peter Wiesinger, Michael Buchecker, Erich Müller, Thomas Stöggl & Jürgen Birklbauer - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    IntroductionAlthough a few studies suggest that young overweight to obese children and adolescents may have impaired postural control compared to young normal-weight peers, little information exists about how these two groups differ in the quality of the underlying balance strategies employed. Hence, the aim of the present study was a first comprehensive examination of the structural complexity of postural sways in these two cohorts during quiet bilateral standing.MethodsNineteen YO secondary school students were carefully matched to YN controls for age, sex, (...)
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  218. Editorial: Current Perspectives on Developmental Coordination Disorder.Kate Wilmut, Jacqueline Williams & Catherine Purcell - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
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  219. Measuring Spinal Cord Potentials and Cortico-Spinal Interactions After Wrist Movements Induced by Neuromuscular Electrical Stimulation.Michael Wimmer, Kyriaki Kostoglou & Gernot R. Müller-Putz - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    Electroencephalographic correlates of movement have been studied extensively over many years. In the present work, we focus on investigating neural correlates that originate from the spine and study their connectivity to corresponding signals from the sensorimotor cortex using multivariate autoregressive models. To study cortico-spinal interactions, we simultaneously measured spinal cord potentials and somatosensory evoked potentials of wrist movements elicited by neuromuscular electrical stimulation. We identified directional connections between spine and cortex during both the extension and flexion of the wrist using (...)
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  220. Distinct Slow-Wave Activity Patterns in Resting-State Electroencephalography and Their Relation to Language Functioning in Low-Grade Glioma and Meningioma Patients.Nienke Wolthuis, Ingeborg Bosma, Roelien Bastiaanse, Perumpillichira J. Cherian, Marion Smits, Wencke Veenstra, Michiel Wagemakers, Arnaud Vincent & Djaina Satoer - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    IntroductionBrain tumours frequently cause language impairments and are also likely to co-occur with localised abnormal slow-wave brain activity. However, it is unclear whether this applies specifically to low-grade brain tumours. We investigate slow-wave activity in resting-state electroencephalography in low-grade glioma and meningioma patients, and its relation to pre- and postoperative language functioning.MethodPatients with a glioma infiltrating the language-dominant hemisphere and patients with a meningioma with mass effect on this hemisphere underwent extensive language testing before and 1 year after surgery. EEG (...)
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  221.  2
    Proceedings of the Ninth Annual Deep Brain Stimulation Think Tank: Advances in Cutting Edge Technologies, Artificial Intelligence, Neuromodulation, Neuroethics, Pain, Interventional Psychiatry, Epilepsy, and Traumatic Brain Injury.Joshua K. Wong, Günther Deuschl, Robin Wolke, Hagai Bergman, Muthuraman Muthuraman, Sergiu Groppa, Sameer A. Sheth, Helen M. Bronte-Stewart, Kevin B. Wilkins, Matthew N. Petrucci, Emilia Lambert, Yasmine Kehnemouyi, Philip A. Starr, Simon Little, Juan Anso, Ro’ee Gilron, Lawrence Poree, Giridhar P. Kalamangalam, Gregory A. Worrell, Kai J. Miller, Nicholas D. Schiff, Christopher R. Butson, Jaimie M. Henderson, Jack W. Judy, Adolfo Ramirez-Zamora, Kelly D. Foote, Peter A. Silburn, Luming Li, Genko Oyama, Hikaru Kamo, Satoko Sekimoto, Nobutaka Hattori, James J. Giordano, Diane DiEuliis, John R. Shook, Darin D. Doughtery, Alik S. Widge, Helen S. Mayberg, Jungho Cha, Kisueng Choi, Stephen Heisig, Mosadolu Obatusin, Enrico Opri, Scott B. Kaufman, Prasad Shirvalkar, Christopher J. Rozell, Sankaraleengam Alagapan, Robert S. Raike, Hemant Bokil, David Green & Michael S. Okun - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    DBS Think Tank IX was held on August 25–27, 2021 in Orlando FL with US based participants largely in person and overseas participants joining by video conferencing technology. The DBS Think Tank was founded in 2012 and provides an open platform where clinicians, engineers and researchers can freely discuss current and emerging deep brain stimulation technologies as well as the logistical and ethical issues facing the field. The consensus among the DBS Think Tank IX speakers was that DBS expanded in (...)
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  222. Corrigendum: Mental State Detection Using Riemannian Geometry on Electroencephalogram Brain Signals.Selina C. Wriessnegger, Philipp Raggam, Kyriaki Kostoglou & Gernot R. Müller-Putz - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
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  223. Editorial: High Frequency Brain Signals: From Basic Research to Clinical Application.Jing Xiang, Ryouhei Ishii & Xiaofeng Yang - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
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  224. The Effect of Right Temporal Lobe Gliomas on Left and Right Hemisphere Neural Processing During Speech Perception and Production Tasks.Adam Kenji Yamamoto, Ana Sanjuán, Rebecca Pope, Oiwi Parker Jones, Thomas M. H. Hope, Susan Prejawa, Marion Oberhuber, Laura Mancini, Justyna O. Ekert, Andrea Garjardo-Vidal, Megan Creasey, Tarek A. Yousry, David W. Green & Cathy J. Price - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    Using fMRI, we investigated how right temporal lobe gliomas affecting the posterior superior temporal sulcus alter neural processing observed during speech perception and production tasks. Behavioural language testing showed that three pre-operative neurosurgical patients with grade 2, grade 3 or grade 4 tumours had the same pattern of mild language impairment in the domains of object naming and written word comprehension. When matching heard words for semantic relatedness, these patients showed under-activation in the tumour infiltrated right superior temporal lobe compared (...)
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  225. Verbal Training Induces Enhanced Functional Connectivity in Japanese Healthy Elderly Population.Fan-Pei Gloria Yang, Tzu-Yu Liu, Chih-Hsuan Liu, Shumei Murakami & Toshiharu Nakai - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    This study employs fMRI to examine the neural substrates of response to cognitive training in healthy old adults. Twenty Japanese healthy elders participated in a 4-week program and practiced a verbal articulation task on a daily basis. Functional connectivity analysis revealed that in comparison to age- and education-matched controls, elders who received the cognitive training demonstrated increased connectivity in the frontotemporal regions related with language and memory functions and showed significant correlations between the behavioral change in a linguistic task and (...)
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  226. Acute Exercise Improves Inhibitory Control but Not Error Detection in Male Violent Perpetrators: An ERPs Study With the Emotional Stop Signal Task.Chia-Chuan Yu, Chiao-Yun Chen, Neil G. Muggleton, Cheng-Hung Ko & Suyen Liu - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    Violence has been linked to the co-occurrence of cognitive dysfunction and altered activations in several brain regions. Empirical evidence demonstrated the benefits of acute exercise on motor inhibition and error detection and their neuronal processing. However, whether such effects also hold for the population with violent behaviors remains unknown. This study examined the effects of acute aerobic exercise on inhibitory control and error monitoring among violent offenders. Fifteen male violent offenders were counterbalanced into experimental protocols, which comprised a 30-min moderately (...)
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  227. The Differential Effects of Tai Chi Vs. Brisk Walking on Cognitive Function Among Individuals Aged 60 and Greater.Ye Yu, Erfei Zuo & Scott Doig - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    PurposeThe aim of this study was to investigate the differential effects of Tai Chi vs. brisk walking on cognitive function among individuals aged 60 and greater.Patients and MethodsFor participant recruitment, a health talk was arranged at two communities in which two different exercise modalities were assigned to participants of each community free of charge. The intervention programs lasted 10 weeks, with three 60-min training sessions per week. General cognitive ability and specific cognitive outcomes were measured using the Chinese version of (...)
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  228. Altered Resting Brain Functions in Patients With Irritable Bowel Syndrome: A Systematic Review.Zheng Yu, Li-Ying Liu, Yuan-Yuan Lai, Zi-Lei Tian, Lu Yang, Qi Zhang, Fan-Rong Liang, Si-Yi Yu & Qian-Hua Zheng - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    BackgroundThe neural activity of irritable bowel syndrome patients in the resting state without any intervention has not been systematically studied. The purpose of this study was to compare the resting-state brain functions of IBS patients with healthy controls.MethodsThe published neuroimage studies were obtained from electronic databases including PubMed, EMBASE, PsycINFO, Web of Science Core, CNKI Database, Wanfang Database, VIP Database, and CBMdisc. Search dates were from inception to March 14th, 2022. The studies were identified by the preidentified inclusion and exclusion (...)
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  229.  1
    A Comparison Study of Impulsiveness, Cognitive Function, and P300 Components Between Gamma-Hydroxybutyrate and Heroin-Addicted Patients: Preliminary Findings.Tingting Zeng, Shida Li, Li Wu, Zuxing Feng, Xinxin Fan, Jing Yuan, Xin Wang, Junyu Meng, Huan Ma, Guanyong Zeng, Chuanyuan Kang & Jianzhong Yang - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    PurposeThe aim of this study was to investigate and compare impulsiveness, negative emotion, cognitive function, and P300 components among gamma-hydroxybutyrate -addicted patients, heroin-dependent patients, and methadone maintenance treatment subjects.MethodsA total of 48 men including 17 GHB addicts, 16 heroin addicts, 15 MMT subjects, and 15 male mentally healthy controls were recruited. All subjects were evaluated for symptoms of depression, anxiety, impulsiveness, and cognitive function through the Patient Health Questionnaire, the Generalized Anxiety Disorder 7-item, the Barratt Impulsiveness Scale version II, the (...)
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  230. Visual Mismatch Negativity Reflects Enhanced Response to the Deviant: Evidence From Event-Related Potentials and Electroencephalogram Time-Frequency Analysis.Xianqing Zeng, Luyan Ji, Yanxiu Liu, Yue Zhang & Shimin Fu - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    Automatic detection of information changes in the visual environment is crucial for individual survival. Researchers use the oddball paradigm to study the brain’s response to frequently presented stimuli and occasionally presented stimuli. The component that can be observed in the difference wave is called visual mismatch negativity, which is obtained by subtracting event-related potentials evoked by the deviant from ERPs evoked by the standard. There are three hypotheses to explain the vMMN. The sensory fatigue hypothesis considers that weakened neural activity (...)
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  231. Distinguishing the Roles of the Dorsomedial Prefrontal Cortex and Right Temporoparietal Junction in Altruism in Situations of Inequality: A Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation Study.Hanqi Zhang, Zhiqiang Dong, Shenggang Cai & Jun Zhao - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    The right temporoparietal junction and dorsomedial prefrontal cortex, which are involved in social cognition, have been proposed to play key roles in guiding human altruistic behavior. However, no study has provided empirical evidence that the rTPJ and dmPFC play distinct roles in altruism under situations of inequality. A total of 107 healthy young adults were randomly assigned to receive anodal or sham transcranial direct current stimulation to either the dmPFC or rTPJ, and they participated in a modified dictator game. The (...)
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  232. Exercise Intensity and Brain Plasticity: What’s the Difference of Brain Structural and Functional Plasticity Characteristics Between Elite Aerobic and Anaerobic Athletes?Keying Zhang, Yih-Kuen Jan, Yu Liu, Tao Zhao, Lingtao Zhang, Ruidong Liu, Jianxiu Liu & Chunmei Cao - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    This study investigated the differences in morphometry and functional plasticity characteristics of the brain after long-term training of different intensities. Results showed that an aerobic group demonstrated higher gray matter volume in the cerebellum and temporal lobe, while an anaerobic group demonstrated higher gray matter volume in the region of basal ganglia. In addition, the aerobic group also showed significantly higher fractional amplitude of low-frequency fluctuation and degree centrality in the motor area of the frontal lobe and parietal lobe, and (...)
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  233. Impact of Spatial Orientation Ability on Air Traffic Conflict Detection in a Simulated Free Route Airspace Environment.Jimmy Y. Zhong, Sim Kuan Goh, Chuan Jie Woo & Sameer Alam - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    In the selection of job candidates who have the mental ability to become professional ATCOs, psychometric testing has been a ubiquitous activity in the ATM domain. To contribute to psychometric research in the ATM domain, we investigated the extent to which spatial orientation ability, as conceptualized in the spatial cognition and navigation literature, predicted air traffic conflict detection performance in a simulated free route airspace environment. The implementation of free route airspace over the past few years, notably in Europe, have (...)
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  234. Neuronal Morphological Model-Driven Image Registration for Serial Electron Microscopy Sections.Fangxu Zhou, Bohao Chen, Xi Chen & Hua Han - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    Registration of a series of the two-dimensional electron microscope images of the brain tissue into volumetric form is an important technique that can be used for neuronal circuit reconstruction. However, complex appearance changes of neuronal morphology in adjacent sections bring difficulty in finding correct correspondences, making serial section neural image registration challenging. To solve this problem, we consider whether there are such stable "markers" in the neural images to alleviate registration difficulty. In this paper, we employ the spherical deformation model (...)
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  235. Effects of Traditional Chinese Exercises on Cognitive Function in Older Adults With Mild Cognitive Impairment: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.Kaixiang Zhou, Meng Liu, Dapeng Bao & Junhong Zhou - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    BackgroundRecently, considerable research has been conducted to study the effects of traditional Chinese exercises on cognitive function in older adults with MCI. We completed a comprehensive systematic review and meta-analysis to assess the efficacy of TCEs on cognitive function in this population.MethodsA search strategy based on the PICOS principle was used to find the literatures in the databases of PubMed, Web of Science, MEDLINE, SPORT-Discus, PsycINFO, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Ovid. The quality and risk of bias in the (...)
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  236.  1
    Neurofeedback Training of Alpha Relative Power Improves the Performance of Motor Imagery Brain-Computer Interface.Qing Zhou, Ruidong Cheng, Lin Yao, Xiangming Ye & Kedi Xu - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    Significant variation in performance in motor imagery tasks impedes their wide adoption for brain-computer interface applications. Previous researchers have found that resting-state alpha-band power is positively correlated with MI-BCI performance. In this study, we designed a neurofeedback training protocol based on the up-regulation of the alpha band relative power to investigate its effect on MI-BCI performance. The principal finding of this study is that alpha NFT could successfully help subjects increase alpha-rhythm power and improve their MI-BCI performance. An individual difference (...)
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  237.  2
    Brain Gray Matter Alterations in Hepatic Encephalopathy: A Voxel-Based Meta-Analysis of Whole-Brain Studies.Licheng Zhu, Weihua Zhang, Lei Chen, Yanqiao Ren, Yanyan Cao, Tao Sun, Bo Sun, Jia Liu, Jing Wang & Chuansheng Zheng - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    BackgroundPrevious studies on voxel-based morphometry have found that there were gray matter alterations in patients with hepatic encephalopathy. However, the reported results were inconsistent and lack a quantitative review. Therefore, this study aims for a quantitative meta-analysis of VBM analysis on patients with HE.MethodsThe studies in our meta-analysis were collected from Pubmed, Web of Science, and Embase, which were published from January 1947 to October 2021. The seed-based d mapping method was applied to quantitatively estimate the regional gray matter abnormalities (...)
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  238. Abnormality of Functional Connections in the Resting State Brains of Schizophrenics.Yan Zhu, Geng Zhu, Bin Li, Yueqi Yang, Xiaohan Zheng, Qi Xu & Xiaoou Li - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    To explore the change of brain connectivity in schizophrenics, the resting-state EEG source functional connections of SCZ and healthy control were investigated in this paper. Different band single-layer networks, multilayer networks, and improved multilayer networks were constructed and their topological attributes were extracted. The topological attributes of SCZ and HC were automatically distinguished using ensemble learning methods called Ensemble Learning based on Trees and Soft voting method, and the effectiveness of different network construction methods was compared based on the classification (...)
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  239. Longitudinal Influences of DRD4 Polymorphism and Early Maternal Caregiving on Personality Development and Problem Behavior in Middle Childhood and Adolescence.Peter Zimmermann & Gottfried Spangler - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    Most studies examining gene-environment effects on self-regulation focus on outcomes early childhood or adulthood. However, only a few studies investigate longitudinal effects during middle childhood and adolescence and compare two domains of early caregiving. In a longitudinal follow-up with a sample of N = 87, we studied the effects of differences in the DRD4 tandem repeat polymorphisms and two domains of early maternal caregiving quality on children’s personality development using Block’s California Child Q-Set at age six and age 12 and (...)
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  240. Cognitive Outcome Prediction in Infants With Neonatal Hypoxic-Ischemic Encephalopathy Based on Functional Connectivity and Complexity of the Electroencephalography Signal.Noura Alotaibi, Dalal Bakheet, Daniel Konn, Brigitte Vollmer & Koushik Maharatna - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 15.
    Impaired neurodevelopmental outcome, in particular cognitive impairment, after neonatal hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy is a major concern for parents, clinicians, and society. This study aims to investigate the potential benefits of using advanced quantitative electroencephalography analysis for early prediction of cognitive outcomes, assessed here at 2 years of age. EEG data were recorded within the first week after birth from a cohort of twenty infants with neonatal hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy. A proposed regression framework was based on two different sets of features, namely graph-theoretical (...)
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  241. Exercise Training Improves Memory Performance in Older Adults: A Narrative Review of Evidence and Possible Mechanisms.Parvin Babaei & Helya Bolouki Azari - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 15.
    GraphicalExercise, neurotransmitters, growth factors, myokines, and potential effects on the brain.As human life expectancy increases, cognitive decline and memory impairment threaten independence and quality of life. Therefore, finding prevention and treatment strategies for memory impairment is an important health concern. Moreover, a better understanding of the mechanisms involved underlying memory preservation will enable the development of appropriate pharmaceuticals drugs for those who are activity limited. Exercise training as a non-pharmacological tool, has been known to increase the mean lifespan by maintaining (...)
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  242. Mapping of Language-and-Memory Networks in Patients With Temporal Lobe Epilepsy by Using the GE2REC Protocol.Sonja Banjac, Elise Roger, Emilie Cousin, Chrystèle Mosca, Lorella Minotti, Alexandre Krainik, Philippe Kahane & Monica Baciu - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 15.
    Preoperative mapping of language and declarative memory functions in temporal lobe epilepsy patients is essential since they frequently encounter deterioration of these functions and show variable degrees of cerebral reorganization. Due to growing evidence on language and declarative memory interdependence at a neural and neuropsychological level, we propose the GE2REC protocol for interactive language-and-memory network mapping. GE2REC consists of three inter-related tasks, sentence generation with implicit encoding and two recollection memory tasks: recognition and recall. This protocol has previously been validated (...)
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  243. Rhythm and Music-Based Interventions in Motor Rehabilitation: Current Evidence and Future Perspectives.Thenille Braun Janzen, Yuko Koshimori, Nicole M. Richard & Michael H. Thaut - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 15.
    Research in basic and clinical neuroscience of music conducted over the past decades has begun to uncover music’s high potential as a tool for rehabilitation. Advances in our understanding of how music engages parallel brain networks underpinning sensory and motor processes, arousal, reward, and affective regulation, have laid a sound neuroscientific foundation for the development of theory-driven music interventions that have been systematically tested in clinical settings. Of particular significance in the context of motor rehabilitation is the notion that musical (...)
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  244. People With Parkinson’s Disease and Freezing of Gait Show Abnormal Low Frequency Activity of Antagonistic Leg Muscles.Maria-Sophie Breu, Marlieke Schneider, Johannes Klemt, Idil Cebi, Alireza Gharabaghi & Daniel Weiss - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 15.
    ObjectiveFreezing of gait is detrimental to patients with idiopathic Parkinson’s disease. Its pathophysiology represents a multilevel failure of motor processing in the cortical, subcortical, and brainstem circuits, ultimately resulting in ineffective motor output of the spinal pattern generator. Electrophysiological studies pointed to abnormalities of oscillatory activity in freezers that covered a broad frequency range including the theta, alpha, and beta bands. We explored muscular frequency domain activity with respect to freezing, and used deep brain stimulation to modulate these rhythms thereby (...)
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  245. “Tricking the Brain” Using Immersive Virtual Reality: Modifying the Self-Perception Over Embodied Avatar Influences Motor Cortical Excitability and Action Initiation.Karin A. Buetler, Joaquin Penalver-Andres, Özhan Özen, Luca Ferriroli, René M. Müri, Dario Cazzoli & Laura Marchal-Crespo - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 15.
    To offer engaging neurorehabilitation training to neurologic patients, motor tasks are often visualized in virtual reality. Recently introduced head-mounted displays allow to realistically mimic the body of the user from a first-person perspective in a highly immersive VR environment. In this immersive environment, users may embody avatars with different body characteristics. Importantly, body characteristics impact how people perform actions. Therefore, alternating body perceptions using immersive VR may be a powerful tool to promote motor activity in neurologic patients. However, the ability (...)
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  246. Editorial: The Neurophysiology of Developmental Stuttering: Unraveling the Mysteries of Fluency.Pierpaolo Busan, Nicole E. Neef, Maja Rogić Vidaković, Piero Paolo Battaglini & Martin Sommer - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 15.
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