Year:

  1.  24
    Eleonore Stump’s Critique of Penal Substitutionary Atonement Theories.William Lane Craig - 2019 - Faith and Philosophy 36 (4):522-544.
    The first three chapters of Eleonore Stump’s Atonement are devoted to a critique of atonement theories she styles “Anselmian,” including penal substitutionary theories. I focus on her critique of the latter. She presents three groups of objections labeled “internal problems,” “external problems,” and “further problems,” before presenting what she takes to be “the central and irremediable problem” facing such accounts. The external and further problems are seen to be irrelevant to penal substitutionary theories once they are properly understood. Her four (...)
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  2.  23
    Is the Cosmos Fine-Tuned for Life, Or For the Possibility of Life?Travis Dumsday - 2019 - Faith and Philosophy 36 (4):491-511.
    Contemporary physics and cosmology have accumulated a great deal of empirical evidence for the claim that in order for our universe to contain life, an array of incredibly precise laws, constants, and specific initial conditions had to be in place. The minuscule odds of this happening purely by chance have prompted some Christian thinkers to suggest that this can be seen as novel evidence that the universe was fine-tuned specifically to give rise to biological life. And yet some Christian thinkers (...)
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  3.  4
    Thomas Aquinas on Moral Wrongdoing, by Colleen McCluskey.Peter Furlong - 2019 - Faith and Philosophy 36 (4):555-560.
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  4.  5
    Religious Ethics and Constructivism: A Metaethical Inquiry, Edited by Kevin Jung.Heidi Chamberlin Giannini - 2019 - Faith and Philosophy 36 (4):550-555.
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  5.  8
    Wittgenstein, Religion and Ethics: New Perspectives From Philosophy and Theology, Edited by Mikel Burley. [REVIEW]Charles Guth & Griffin Klemick - 2019 - Faith and Philosophy 36 (4):545-550.
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  6. How to Solve the Problem of Evil: A Deontological Strategy.Justin Mooney - 2019 - Faith and Philosophy 36 (4):442-462.
    One paradigmatic argument from evil against theism claims that, (1) if God exists, then there is no gratuitous evil. But (2) there is gratuitous evil, so (3) God does not exist. I consider three deontological strategies for resisting this argument. Each strategy restructures existing theodicies which deny (2) so that they instead deny (1). The first two strategies are problematic on their own, but their primary weaknesses vanish when they are combined to form the third strategy, resulting in a promising (...)
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  7.  4
    Christian Philosophy: Conceptions, Continuations and Challenges, Edited by J. Aaron Simmons.Dolores G. Morris - 2019 - Faith and Philosophy 36 (4):561-566.
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  8.  12
    What is the Value of Faith For Salvation? A Thomistic Response to Kvanvig.James Dominic Rooney - 2019 - Faith and Philosophy 36 (4):463-490.
    Jonathan Kvanvig has proposed a non-cognitive theory of faith. He argues that the model of faith as essentially involving assent to propositions is of no value. In response, I propose a Thomistic cognitive theory of faith that both avoids Kvanvig’s criticism and presents a richer and more inclusive account of how faith is intrinsically valuable. I show these accounts of faith diverge in what they take as the goal of the Christian life: personal relationship with God or an external state (...)
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  9.  7
    Between Death and Resurrection: A Critical Response to Recent Catholic Debate Concerning the Intermediate State, by Stephen Yates.Kevin W. Sharpe - 2019 - Faith and Philosophy 36 (4):567-572.
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  10.  14
    The All-Happy God.Joseph Stenberg - 2019 - Faith and Philosophy 36 (4):423-441.
    Is God happy? In the tradition of classical theism, the answer has long been “Yes.” And, just as God is not merely powerful, but all-powerful, so too God is not merely happy, but all-happy or infinitely happy. Far from being empty praise, God’s happiness does important work, in particular, in explaining both human existence and human destiny. This essay is an attempt to give divine happiness the serious philosophical treatment it deserves. It turns out that, as with many divine traits, (...)
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  11.  23
    Stump On Forgiveness.Richard Swinburne - 2019 - Faith and Philosophy 36 (4):512-521.
    I claim that all the criticisms made by Eleonore Stump in her Atonement of my account of the nature and justification of human and divine forgiveness are entirely mistaken. She claims that God’s forgiveness of our sins is always immediate and unconditional. I argue that on Christ’s understanding of forgiveness as deeming the sinner not to have wronged one, God’s forgiveness of us is always conditional on our repenting and being willing to forgive others. Her account of forgiveness merely as (...)
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  12.  5
    The Reference of “God” Revisited.Hugh Burling - 2019 - Faith and Philosophy 36 (3):343-371.
    I argue that the reference for “God” is determined by the definite description “the being that is worthy of our worship.” I describe two desiderata for rival theories of the reference of “God” to meet: accessibility and scope. I explain the deficiencies of a view where God is dubbed “God” and the name passed down by causal chains and a view where “God” picks out the unique satisfier of a traditional definite description. After articulating the “Worship-Worthiness” view, I show how (...)
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  13.  23
    The Prior Obligations Objection to Theological Stateism.Frederick Choo - 2019 - Faith and Philosophy 36 (3):372-384.
    Theological stateist theories, the most well-known of which is Divine Command Theory (DCT), ground our moral obligations directly in some state of God. The prior obligations objection poses a challenge to theological stateism. Is there a moral obligation to obey God’s commands? If no, it is hard to see how God’s commands can generate any moral obligations for us. If yes, then what grounds this prior obligation? To avoid circularity, the moral obligation must be grounded independent of God’s commands; and (...)
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  14.  11
    Does God Matter? Essays on the Axiological Consequences of Theism, Edited by Klaas Kraay.Dustin Crummett - 2019 - Faith and Philosophy 36 (3):396-402.
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  15.  8
    The Devil’s Redemption: A New History and Interpretation of Christian Universalism, Volumes 1 and 2, by Michael J. McClymond. [REVIEW]Benjamin B. Devan - 2019 - Faith and Philosophy 36 (3):413-419.
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  16.  9
    Petitionary Prayer: A Philosophical Investigation, by Scott Davison.Kate Finley - 2019 - Faith and Philosophy 36 (3):390-395.
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  17.  2
    Philosophical Essays Against Open Theism, Edited by Benjamin H. Arbour.Gregory E. Ganssle - 2019 - Faith and Philosophy 36 (3):385-390.
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  18. Can Theists Avoid Epistemological Objections to Moral (and Normative) Realism?Justin Morton - 2019 - Faith and Philosophy 36 (3):291-312.
    Epistemological objections to moral realism allege that realism entails moral skepticism. Many philosophers have assumed that theistic moral realists can easily avoid such objections. In this article, I argue that things are not so easy: theists run the risk of violating an important constraint on replies to epistemological objections, according to which replies to such objections may not rely on substantive moral claims of a certain kind. Yet after presenting this challenge, I then argue that theists can meet it, successfully (...)
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  19.  10
    Is Kierkegaard a “Virtue Ethicist”?Robert C. Roberts - 2019 - Faith and Philosophy 36 (3):325-342.
    Several readers of Kierkegaard have proposed that his works are a good source for contemporary investigations of virtues, especially theistic and Christian ones. Sylvia Walsh has recently offered several arguments to cast doubt on the thesis that Kierkegaard can be profitably read as a “virtue ethicist.” Examination of her arguments helps to clarify what virtues, as excellent traits of human character, can be in a moral outlook that ascribes deep sin and moral helplessness to human beings and their existence and (...)
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  20.  3
    Divine Idealism as Physicalism? Reflections on the Structural Definition of Physicalism.Jon W. Thompson - 2019 - Faith and Philosophy 36 (3):313-324.
    Hempel’s Dilemma remains at the center of the problem of defining physicalism. In brief, the dilemma asks whether physicalism should be defined by appeal to current or future physics. If defined by current physics, physicalism is almost certainly false. If defined by an ideal future physics, then physicalism has little determinable content. Montero and Papineau have innovatively suggested that the dilemma may be avoided by defining physicalism structurally. While their definition is one among many definitions, it is significant in that—if (...)
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  21.  4
    God, Science, and Religious Diversity: A Defense of Theism, by Robert T. Lehe.Michael Thune - 2019 - Faith and Philosophy 36 (3):407-413.
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  22.  36
    Faith and Humility, by Jonathan Kvanvig.Chris Tweedt - 2019 - Faith and Philosophy 36 (3):402-407.
    In Faith and Humility, Jonathan Kvanvig argues for an account of two virtues that balance, or provide correction for, the other: faith and humility. Faith is the disposition to act in service of an ideal, a disposition that remains despite difficulties or setbacks. One can, however, pursue distorted ideals or pursue them in the wrong way—with unquestioning zeal, for example. Humility, which helps to correct this extreme, is the disposition to attend to the value of one’s aims and the extent (...)
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  23. Maximal God: A New Defence of Perfect Being Theism, by Yujin Nagasawa. [REVIEW]Andrew M. Bailey - 2019 - Faith and Philosophy 36 (2):275-279.
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  24.  8
    A Neglected Qua Solution to the Fundamental Problem of Christology in Advance.Jc Beall & Jared Henderson - 2019 - Faith and Philosophy 36 (2):157-172.
    This paper advances and defends a new solution to the so-called fundamental problem in christology (the problem being the apparent contradiction entailed by the christian doctrine of divine incarnation).
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  25.  66
    A Neglected Qua Solution to the Fundamental Problem of Christology.Jc Beall & Jared Henderson - 2019 - Faith and Philosophy 36 (2):157-172.
    We advance a neglected QUA solution to the fundamental problem of Christology. Our chief aim is to put the view on the theological table, leaving future debate to tell its ultimate fate. After presenting the view we measure it against standard problems that confront extant QUA views and also against objections peculiar to the proposed view.
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  26.  79
    A Grotesque in the Garden, by Hud Hudson. [REVIEW]Matthew A. Benton - 2019 - Faith and Philosophy 36 (2):271-275.
  27.  16
    Against Quasi-Fideism.Jeroen de Ridder - 2019 - Faith and Philosophy 36 (2):223-243.
    Duncan Pritchard has recently ventured to carve out a novel position in the epistemology of religious belief called quasi-fideism. Its core is an application of ideas from Wittgensteinian hinge epistemology to religious belief. Among its many advertised benefits are that it can do justice to two seemingly conflicting ideas about religious belief, to wit: that it is, at least at some level, a matter of ungrounded faith, but also that it can be epistemically rationally grounded. In this paper, I argue (...)
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  28.  57
    Review of The Hiddenness of God, by Michael C. Rea. [REVIEW]Michelle Panchuk - 2019 - Faith and Philosophy 36 (2):280-285.
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  29.  11
    Joys.Robert C. Roberts - 2019 - Faith and Philosophy 36 (2):195-222.
    This paper is an initial effort preparatory for a more thorough “theology of joys.” I distinguish joys from other kinds of pleasure and argue that joy can be seen as the form of all the so-called positive emotions. So joy is properly treated in the plural: joys come in a variety of kinds. I distinguish canonical from non-canonical joys. The worthiness of joys is primarily a function of their objects—what the joys are about. I look at a few examples of (...)
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  30.  20
    Perspectival Skeptical Theism.Jonathan Curtis Rutledge - 2019 - Faith and Philosophy 36 (2):244-264.
    Skeptical theists have paid insufficient attention to non-evidential components of epistemic rationality. I address this lacuna by constructing an alternative perspectivalist understanding of epistemic rationality and defeat that, when applied to skeptical theism, yields a more demanding standard for reasonably affirming the crucial premise of the evidential argument from suffering. The resulting perspectival skeptical theism entails that someone can be justified in believing that gratuitous suffering exists only if they are not subject to closure-of-inquiry defeat; that is, a type of (...)
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  31.  13
    Idealism: New Essays in Metaphysics, Edited by Tyron Goldschmidt and Kenneth L. Pearce. [REVIEW]Craig Warmke - 2019 - Faith and Philosophy 36 (2):265-271.
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  32.  9
    The Christian Idea of God: A Philosophical Foundation for Faith, by Keith Ward.Jordan Wessling - 2019 - Faith and Philosophy 36 (2):285-288.
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  33.  36
    Transformed By Faith.Rebecca Chan - 2019 - Faith and Philosophy 36 (1):4-32.
    Appealing to self-interest is a common way of justifying the rationality of religious faith. For instance, Pascal’s wager relies upon the expected value of choosing the life of faith being infinite. Similarly, many contemporary arguments for the rationality of faith turn on whether it is better for an agent to have faith rather than lack it. In this paper, I argue, contra Pascal, that considerations of self-interest do not make choosing faith rational because they fail to take into account the (...)
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  34.  10
    Common Ritual Knowledge.Joshua Cockayne - 2019 - Faith and Philosophy 36 (1):33-55.
    How can participating in a liturgy allow us to know God? Recent pathbreaking work on the epistemology of liturgy has argued that liturgy allows individuals to gain ritual knowledge of God by coming to know-how to engage God. However, since liturgy is a group act, I argue that we need to give an account to explain how a group can know God by engaging with liturgy. If group know-how is reducible to instances of individual know-how, then the existing accounts are (...)
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  35.  12
    God’s Own Ethics: Norms of Divine Agency and the Argument From Evil, by Mark C. Murphy. [REVIEW]Kyla Ebels-Duggan - 2019 - Faith and Philosophy 36 (1):144-150.
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  36.  4
    New Models of Religious Understanding, Edited by Fiona Ellis. [REVIEW]Adam Green - 2019 - Faith and Philosophy 36 (1):135-139.
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  37.  6
    Exemplarist Moral Theory, by Linda Trinkaus Zagzebski. [REVIEW]Richard Kim - 2019 - Faith and Philosophy 36 (1):150-154.
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  38.  37
    Knowledge, Belief, and God: New Insights in Religious Epistemology, Edited by Matthew A. Benton, John Hawthorne, and Dani Rabinowitz. [REVIEW]Andrew Moon - 2019 - Faith and Philosophy 36 (1):129-134.
  39.  37
    Of Providence and Puppet Shows: Divine Hiddenness as Kantian Theodicy.Tyler Paytas - 2019 - Faith and Philosophy 36 (1):56-80.
    Although the free-will reply to divine hiddenness is often associated with Kant, the argument typically presented in the literature is not the strongest Kantian response. Kant’s central claim is not that knowledge of God would preclude the possibility of transgression, but rather that it would preclude one’s viewing adherence to the moral law as a genuine sacrifice of self-interest. After explaining why the Kantian reply to hiddenness is superior to standard formulations, I argue that, despite Kant’s general skepticism about theodicy, (...)
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  40.  14
    Temptation, Virtue, and the Character of Christ.Adam C. Pelser - 2019 - Faith and Philosophy 36 (1):81-101.
    The author of Hebrews writes that Jesus Christ was “tempted as we are, yet without sin”. Many Christians take the sinlessness of Jesus to imply that he was perfectly virtuous. Yet, susceptibility to the experience of at least some temptations, plausibly including those Jesus experienced, seems incompatible with the possession of perfect virtue. In an attempt to resolve this tension, I argue here that there are good reasons for believing that Jesus, while perfectly sinless, was not fully virtuous at the (...)
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  41.  87
    A Plea for the Theist in the Street.Kegan J. Shaw - 2019 - Faith and Philosophy 36 (1):102-128.
    It can be easy to assume that since the “theist in the street” is unaware of any of the traditional arguments for theism, he or she is not in position to offer independent rational support for believing that God exists. I argue that that is false if we accept with William Alston that “manifestation beliefs” can enjoy rational support on the basis of suitable religious experiences. I make my case by defending the viability of a Moorean-style proof for theism—a proof (...)
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  42.  11
    The Character Gap: How Good Are We?, by Christian B. Miller. [REVIEW]Rebecca Stangl - 2019 - Faith and Philosophy 36 (1):140-144.
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  43.  34
    Paraphrase and the Doctrine of the Trinity.Joseph Jedwab & John A. Keller - 2019 - Faith and Philosophy.
    The Doctrine of the Trinity says that there is one God, that there are three divine Persons, and that each divine Person is God. The Logical Problem of the Trinity is that these claims seem logically inconsistent. We argue that any coherent and orthodox solution to the Logical Problem must use the technique of paraphrase: a logically or metaphysically more perspicuous reformulation. If so, discussions of paraphrase deserve more prominence in the literature on the Doctrine of the Trinity. We also (...)
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