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  1.  40
    A Proposed Strategic Alliance Between the Qatar Foudation and the Al-Jazeera Channel to Face the Challenges of the 21st Century.Saad Al-Harran - 2009 - International Corporate Responsibility Series 4:305-316.
    The paper highlights the importance of a strategic alliance between the Qatar Foundation for Education, Science and Community and the Al-Jazeera International Channel. Secondly, we discuss the global outlook as to how Qatar can position itself on the world map as knowledge-based nation and a land of innovative ideas. Thirdly, we analyse the new role of Islamic finance in social responsibility and why investment in social capital is vitally important in a challenging world. We select four Muslim countries that Qatar (...)
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  2.  53
    Nutrition for Kids Was Good for the Company: Lesson From JAPFA4Kids Nutrition Campaign.M. Gunawan Alif & Retno Artsanti - 2009 - International Corporate Responsibility Series 4:349-366.
    Indonesia is developing greater opportunities for CSR activities, along with some obstacles and constraints. Unlike the Western world, one of the important drivers of CSR in this country is the importance of avoiding conflict. The agribusiness company JAPFA is very keen to promote CSR activities, not only to benefit the needy, but also for the survival of the organization in a very dynamic and turbulent market. This study elaborates how the JAPFA CSR program benefited the community around the company’s strategic (...)
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  3.  43
    Rawlsian Primary Goods and CSR: The Case of PT Freeport in Papua New Guinea.Michael Funke - 2009 - International Corporate Responsibility Series 4:17-33.
    John Rawls defines “primary social goods” to be the benefits of social co-operation that are valuable no matter what one’s life-plan. The benefit for international trade of talking in terms of primary goods is that such goods represent a fixed or standard rate, and thus facilitate efficient negotiation. The difficulty, however, is that such discussions appear to ignore, and thereby do violence to, significant cross-cultural value differences. I argue that an appropriate view of Rawlsian primary goods helps to facilitate inter-subjective (...)
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  4.  22
    Management Style and Decisions From the Perspective of Cultural Differences: A Study with Special Reference to the Sultanate of Oman.Adli Juwaidah & Ruksana Banu - 2009 - International Corporate Responsibility Series 4:267-288.
    It is common today that organizations have their own distinctive cultures, even in cases when they may not have willfully attempted to create them. Rather, cultures have most likely been created unconsciously, forced by the values of top level managers, the founder, or core people who have built or direct the organization. Leaders frequently attempt to change the culture of their organizations to suit their own preferences. The resulting culture will influence the decision-making process, market demand, and nature of the (...)
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  5.  42
    Transnationals and Corporate Responsibility: A Polythetic View of Moral Obligation.Byron Kaldis - 2009 - International Corporate Responsibility Series 4:1-16.
    This paper proposes a model of transnational corporations that calls for a non-unitary normative approach to ground the kind of corporate social responsibility that must, maximally, be ascribed to them. This involves injecting the notion of moral obligation into the picture, a particularly strict notion with an equally rigorous set of requirements that is not normally expected to be applicable to the case of big business operating internationally. However, if we are to be honest about the prospects of establishing a (...)
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  6.  37
    The Social Responsibility of the Public Enterprise: A Case Study of Sonatrach in Algeria.Ahmed Koudri - 2009 - International Corporate Responsibility Series 4:229-236.
    The purpose of this paper is to analyze the meaning and scope of social responsibility in a state-owned enterprise. Is corporate social responsibility (CSR) a meaningful concept for a state-owned enterprise, as opposed to a privately-owned corporation, given that it is created with social as well as economic aims? To try to answer to this question, the case of Sonatrach, an Algerian oil company, is examined. The lack of statistical data does not allow an assessment of CSR actions undertaken by (...)
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  7.  19
    Social Responsibility of Business in Kazakhstan.Aigul Maidyrova, Baurzhan Esengeldi & Aidana Sariyeva - 2009 - International Corporate Responsibility Series 4:261-266.
    This article studies the possibility of forming social policy, and in particular policies for social security, through the participation of domestic business. By taking on social responsibility, business can eventually, of own its own accord, offer the state and society its assistance in dealing with social problems. In Kazakhstan, a major part of business people see their responsibility as many-sided, consisting of duties to employees, consumers, business partners, the local community, and the country as a whole. They acknowledge responsibility along (...)
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  8.  27
    Global Players in the Local Field: Changing Corporate Practices in Response to the Local Culture.Betty Dee Makani-lim & Felix Chan Lim - 2009 - International Corporate Responsibility Series 4:59-81.
    For the most part, the primary driver for international businesses in establishing operations in other countries is the reduction of overall operating costs. Host countries, especially developing nations, welcome multinational corporations (MNCs) because of the perceived economic benefits that international businesses can bring to their local communities. Surprisingly, one of the most understudied, under-analyzed, and sometimes even completely neglected factors when international businesses consider setting up shop in other countries is the local culture of their chosen destination country. This paper (...)
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  9.  39
    Conflicting Approaches of Managers and Stockholders in a Developing Country: Bangladesh Perspective.Muhammad Z. Mamun & Mohammad Aslam - 2009 - International Corporate Responsibility Series 4:317-335.
    In general it is found that the corporate managers and stockholders possess totally different view about good governance of a company. Managers strongly believe that governance of their companies is quite well but stockholders view that it is very poor. The study found that the groups differ in perception especially in terms of turnover, production, capital, leverage, debt service, credit policy, solvency, human resource, recruitment, technology, customer satisfaction, internal control, strength, opportunity, competition, industry position, collective bargaining agent (CBA) issues, and (...)
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  10.  29
    The Relationship Between Food Security and Trade Liberalization: Assessing the World Trade Organization’s Agreement on Agriculture and the Role of Transnational Corporations.Siti Musa - 2009 - International Corporate Responsibility Series 4:191-208.
    This paper addresses the issue of food security in developing countries and how agriculture plays an important role in achieving not only food security, but also in reducing poverty and promoting sustainable development. The promotion of trade liberalization by the World Trade Organization (WTO) through the Agreement on Agriculture (AoA) has undermined the productive capacity of developing countries and their comparative advantage in the agricultural sector, marginalizing small-scale farmers and benefitting the big corporations. The paper looks at the issue of (...)
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  11.  20
    International Framework of Corporate Liability for Transnational Corruption: A Case Study of the OFFP and BAE Scandal.Simeon Obidairo - 2009 - International Corporate Responsibility Series 4:129-177.
    The revelation of widespread corruption in the Oil-for-Food Programme (the “Programme”) and the recent scandal involving the British arms manufacturer BAE Systems threatens to unravel the fragile global consensus on combating corruption. This paper outlines the emerging global consensus and legal framework on corruption and assesses the extent to which this consensus has been undermined by the above mentioned revelations of corruption. Both incidents provide an interesting context in which to analysesome of the difficult issues presented in the regulation of (...)
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  12.  37
    Cooperative Values as Potential Hypernorms: Evidence From Large Cooperative Banks.Lovasoa Ramboarisata - 2009 - International Corporate Responsibility Series 4:209-228.
    In this paper I argue that large cooperative organizations, in particular cooperative banks, are better positioned than business firms to be ethically responsible, global citizens. These organizations include cooperative networks in France, the Netherlands, and Germany, provident societies in the United Kingdom, and Mouvement des caisses populaires Desjardins and credit unions in Canada. Large cooperatives are distinct from firms but compete with them and are major socio-economic actors in their respective communities. They are more predisposed to implement policies that are (...)
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  13.  31
    The Process of Embedding Human Rights Within Subsidiaries of a Multinational Corporation.Esther M. J. Schouten - 2009 - International Corporate Responsibility Series 4:35-57.
    Multinational companies (MNCs) can have positive and negative impacts on the human rights situation of a country. More and more MNCs have made a commitment to respect human rights. So far, little research has been done on how MNCs can embed their commitment and which factors determine its success. This paper therefore aims to describe and learn from the process of embedding human rights in six subsidiaries of the multinational oil company Royal Dutch Shell (in short, Shell), operating in different (...)
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  14.  30
    International Corporate Responsibility in the Context of Development: The Case of the Mining Sector in Zambia with Special Reference to Indian and Chinese Investments.Venkatesh Seshamani - 2009 - International Corporate Responsibility Series 4:337-348.
    Development is a process of achieving a right balance between economic growth and psychic income growth. A foreign investor’s manner of conducting business in a country could result in any of four scenarios in which economic/psychic income is low/inadequate, high/inadequate, low/adequate, or high/adequate. Foreign investment will contribute to development only if it reflects the fourth scenario. A responsible corporation can contribute to money income and more importantly to psychic income of a company’s workers. This paper examines the corporate responsibility performance (...)
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  15.  24
    Corporate Governance in IDOM: An Example of a Corporate Polity.Alejo José G. Sison & Joan Fontrodona - 2009 - International Corporate Responsibility Series 4:119-128.
    Aristotle indicates that although a monarchy is the best form of government in theory, in practice, a polity (“mixed regime”) is best. IDOM Engineering Consultancy is presented as an example of a “corporate polity.” In this case study, stories and rationales behind the institutionalization of worker participation in ownership and management are discussed. Arguments in favor of the corporate common good as the firm’s overarching concern are proffered. Legal challenges as well as those arising from the company’s growth and overseas (...)
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  16.  24
    Fethullah Gülen, Islamic Banking, and Global Finance.Daniel W. Skubik - 2009 - International Corporate Responsibility Series 4:289-304.
    Fethullah Gülen, a leader of interfaith and intercultural dialogue, writes of “humanity’s vicegerency” that includes “reaping the bounties of the Earth . . . within the framework of the Creator’s orders and rules.” What might this mean for international business ethics in general, and the expansion of Islamic banking practices and global financial ethics in particular? Forthrightness and transparency are critical in the contemporary development and spread of what are nominated Islamic or shariah-compliant financial products and services. This paper seeks (...)
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  17.  33
    Internal CSR Practices: Social Dialogue Versus Corporate Paternalism.Irina Soboleva - 2009 - International Corporate Responsibility Series 4:237-260.
    The paper is focused upon the relations of key inside stakeholders—managers and employees whose interests are supposed to be represented by trade unions while shaping internal CSR practices. It discusses real, perceived and desired role of TU in the process and the outcomes of internal CSR in the fields of work related security and access to social benefits. It is demonstrated that the internal social policy of corporate management pursues pragmatic goals seeking the least costly way to compete for skilled (...)
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  18.  37
    CSR That Incorporates Local and Traditional Knowledge: The Sampo-Yoshi Way.Takuya Takahashi - 2009 - International Corporate Responsibility Series 4:107-118.
    This paper examines prospects for and content of a global regime for human rights. Competing schools of thought forecast convergence and divergence of national standards under stress of globalization. No such regime exists, and there is no compelling theory of international corporate social responsibility. However, elements of an emerging global regime can be identified and partially overlap with environmental protection issues. This regime is highly fragmented, underdeveloped, and only partially enforceable—but it is in development. The UN Global Compact, the Global (...)
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  19.  22
    Rifling Through Corruption’s Baggage: Understanding Corruption Through Discourse Analysis.Grant Walton - 2009 - International Corporate Responsibility Series 4:179-189.
    This paper examines several primarily academic discourses on corruption to demarcate the assumptions embedded within each one. It begins by discussing different definitions of corruption, which leads to an identification of five prominent discourses on the subject that are examined in some detail. The paper concludes by considering some implications of this analysis.
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  20.  26
    Developing a Global Regime for Human Rights.Duane Windsor - 2009 - International Corporate Responsibility Series 4:83-105.
    This paper examines prospects for and content of a global regime for human rights. Competing schools of thought forecast convergence and divergence of national standards under stress of globalization. No such regime exists, and there is no compelling theory of international corporate social responsibility. However, elements of an emerging global regime can be identified and partially overlap with environmental protection issues. This regime is highly fragmented, underdeveloped, and only partially enforceable—but it is in development. The UN Global Compact, the Global (...)
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