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  1.  3
    Brick by brick: The historical and theoretical foundations of thermodynamics Robert T. Hanlon Oxford University Press, Oxford 2020 pp xx + 646.Peter Atkins - 2022 - Foundations of Chemistry 24 (1):155-157.
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  2.  1
    Knowledge building in chemistry education.Margaret A. L. Blackie - 2022 - Foundations of Chemistry 24 (1):97-111.
    Teaching chemistry remains a profoundly challenging activity. This paper arises from reflection on the challenges of creating meaningful assessments. Herein a simple framework to assist in making more visible the different kinds of knowledge required for mastery of chemistry is described. Building from a realist foundation the purpose of this paper is to lay the intellectual scaffolding for the framework. By situating the framework theoretically, it is intended to highlight the value of engaging with philosophy for the project of knowledge (...)
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  3.  5
    The habit of the pipe: a layperson’s view of the periodic table.Sérgio Luís da Silva - 2022 - Foundations of Chemistry 24 (1):113-120.
    The Periodic Table of Elements is one of the greatest achievements of the human intellect but is far from a finished work. Generations of chemists and physicists have improved on it, in light of the discovery of new elements and advancements in the domain of Quantum Mechanics. Specially, the role of the four quantum numbers that dictates the distribution of the elements throughout the Table has been clarified. However, as the Table grew older and venerable, a tradition developed that froze (...)
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  4.  2
    Chemistry: progress since 1860—reflections on chemistry and chemistry education triggered by reading Muspratt’s Chemistry.Alan Goodwin - 2022 - Foundations of Chemistry 24 (1):121-142.
    This paper was inspired by the author’s fortunate acquisition of a copy of an original copy of “Muspratt’s Chemistry” that was published in 1860. This raised, for the author, interesting and significant issues regarding the chemistry content and its presentation in the context of chemistry and education today. The paper is presented in two parts: Part 1 explores the content, structure and gives reactions to and insights into the original publication, whereas Part 2 provides a focus on the developments in (...)
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  5.  3
    Ogawa’s nipponium and its re-assignment to rhenium.Yoji Hisamatsu, Kazuhiro Egashira & Yoshiteru Maeno - 2022 - Foundations of Chemistry 24 (1):15-57.
    We re-examine the history of the element “nipponium” discovered by a Japanese chemist Masataka Ogawa in 1908. Since 1996 H.K. Yoshihara has made extensive research into Ogawa’s work and revealed evidence that nipponium proposed for the place of the atomic number of 43 was actually rhenium. In this paper, we provide critical re-interpretations of the existing information and confirmed that Ogawa left indisputable evidence that nipponium was in fact rhenium. We further discuss the reasons for the existing doubts and criticism (...)
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  6.  10
    Understanding entropy.Peter G. Nelson - 2022 - Foundations of Chemistry 24 (1):3-13.
    A new way of understanding entropy as a macroscopic property is presented. This is based on the fact that heat flows from a hot body to a cold one even when the hot one is smaller and has less energy. A quantity that determines the direction of flow is shown to be the increment of heat gained divided by the absolute temperature. The same quantity is shown to determine the direction of other processes taking place in isolated systems provided that (...)
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  7. Density functional theory, chemical reactivity, and the Fukui functions.R. Pucci & G. G. N. Angilella - 2022 - Foundations of Chemistry 24 (1):59-71.
    We review the early works which were precursors of the Conceptual Density Functional Theory. Starting from Thomas–Fermi approximation and from the exact formulation of Density Functional Theory by Hohenberg and Kohn’s theorem, we will introduce electronegativity and the theory of hard and soft acids and bases. We will also present a general introduction to the Fukui functions, and their relation with nucleophilicity and electrophilicity, with an emphasis towards the importance of these concepts for chemical reactivity.
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  8. Special theory of relativity in chemistry.Nenad Raos - 2022 - Foundations of Chemistry 24 (1):87-95.
    Application of Einstein special theory of relativity in chemistry seems to be superfluous; energies are too low. The average velocity of electron in hydrogen atom is 1/135 c, making its actual mass only 26,6 ppm bigger than the rest mass. However, for heavier elements relativistic effects have to be taken into account and, more, many phenomena cannot be explained without ascribing new mass to electrons, in accordance with Einstein theory. In this paper such phenomena are described: color of metallic gold (...)
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  9.  2
    Editorial 70.Eric Scerri - 2022 - Foundations of Chemistry 24 (1):1-2.
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  10.  3
    Interview with Eric Scerri.Edit Talpsepp - 2022 - Foundations of Chemistry 24 (1):143-153.
    Eric Scerri is the world-leading expert on Periodic Table and was quite recently named the second-most influential academic in the field of chemistry over the last decade by Academic Influence. In this interview we discuss his main questions of interest in the philosophy of chemistry—the question of reduction of chemistry to physics and the dual sense of chemical element—in the context of his main study object, the periodic table of elements. Among other things, we touch upon the more specific issues (...)
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  11.  4
    Orthogonality properties of states, configurations, and orbitals.Balakrishnan Viswanathan & Mohamed Shajahan Gulam Razul - 2022 - Foundations of Chemistry 24 (1):73-86.
    This manuscript explores the orthogonality constraints on configurations and orbitals subject to the property that states are mutually orthogonal. The orthogonality constraints lead to properties that affect the description of chemical systems. When states are described as linear combinations of configurations, the coefficient matrix diagonalises S−1H. Therefore, single-configuration states are only possible in one-electron systems: non-orthogonal configurations yield single-configuration states only if S−1H is diagonal, but this would violate the orthonormalisation constraint. Further, the coefficient matrix is not constrained to be (...)
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