Year:

  1. Truth and Communication in Ethics Consultation.George J. Agich - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (5):31-33.
    In “Deception and the Clinical Ethicist,” Christopher Meyers defends that view that deception practiced by clinical ethicists is legitimate if it satisfies a series of justifying conditions (Meyers...
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  2. When Does Nudging Represent Fraudulent Disclosure?Jennifer Blumenthal-Barby, Neal W. Dickert & Derek Soled - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (5):63-66.
    In the article “Informed Consent: What Must be Disclosed and What Must be Understood?” Joseph Millum and Danielle Bromwich argue that informed consent requires satisfaction of certain disclosure an...
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  3. Controversial Analysis of “Deception” Prevents Adequate Moral Analysis.Shlomo Cohen - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (5):41-42.
    Anyone who is not a deontological absolutist regarding truthfulness will readily agree with Christopher Meyers’s thesis that there are cases in which...
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  4. Lies, Damned Lies, and Bioethicists.Brian M. Cummings & John J. Paris - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (5):24-26.
    The opening sentence of Christopher Meyers’ Target Article is “Lying to one’s patient is wrong”. The author continues, “This truism is one that bioethicists have heartedly endorsed fo...
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  5. Falling on One’s Sword for Truth: Deception by Ethicist Should Be Narrow.Joseph P. DeMarco, Toni Nicoletti & Paul J. Ford - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (5):20-21.
    Clinical ethics consultants should show bold moral courage in discharging their duties to patients, families, and healthcare providers. Given the corrosive impact on trust, and on the appropriate d...
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  6.  3
    The Grounds of the Disclosure Requirement for Informed Consent.Tom Dougherty - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (5):68-70.
    In their important and insightful article, Joseph Millum and Danielle Bromwich distinguish two informational requirements for valid consent—the disclosure requirement and the understanding requirem...
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  7. Lying is Not an Option for Clinical Ethics Consultants.Nancy Neveloff Dubler - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (5):13-15.
    How one reacts to lying depends on individual temperament, intellectual training and value commitments, freedom status,, consideration of consequences, emotional resilience an...
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  8. Why Have Uniform Informed Consent Documents When the Research Volunteers Are So Diverse?Ross E. McKinney Jr - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (5):59-60.
    Making consent work for its primary purposes has been, and will be, a challenge. Millum and Bromwich have done an excellent job of considering the manifold obligations of informed consent, with the...
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  9.  1
    When First We Practice to Deceive.Jason T. Eberl & Erica K. Salter - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (5):15-17.
    While we agree with Christopher Meyers that avoiding deception is a prima facie rather than an absolute duty for clinical ethicists and that some cases may require a clinical ethicist to par...
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  10.  2
    Plumbing the Depths of Ethical Payment for Research Participation.Holly Fernandez Lynch, Thomas C. Darton, Jae Levy, Frank McCormick, Ubaka Ogbogu, Ruth O. Payne, Alvin E. Roth, Akilah Jefferson Shah, Thomas Smiley & Emily A. Largent - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (5):W8-W11.
    The peer commentaries on our Target Article, “Promoting Ethical Payment in Human Infection Challenge Studies,” offer a number of insights that will help advance the co...
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  11. Informed Consent Conversations: Neither the Beginning nor the End.Liza-Marie Johnson & Barclay R. Rogers - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (5):76-78.
    Informed Consent: What Must Be Disclosed and What Must Be Understood seeks to challenge the “standard view” of consent. It seeks to do so by segregating the “disclosure function” from the “understa...
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  12. Hare’s Archangel, Human Fallibility, and Utilitarian Justification(?) of Deception.William Paul Kabasenche & Thomas May - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (5):17-19.
    The target article by Christopher Meyers concerning justification of deception for clinical ethicists is both well-reasoned and plausible. Clearly grounded in utilitarian considerations, its...
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  13. Deceptive Omissions, Half-Truths, and the Moral Exemplar in Clinical Ethics.Matthew Kopec - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (5):33-35.
    In “Deception and the Clinical Ethicist,” Christopher Meyers argues that clinical ethicists sometimes ought to actively help deceive patients or their families, all...
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  14. Promoting Disclosure and Understanding in Informed Consent: Optimizing the Impact of the Common Rule “Key Information” Requirement.Stephanie A. Kraft, Elliott M. Weiss & Kathryn M. Porter - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (5):70-72.
    Millum and Bromwich provide a thorough and thoughtful analysis of what is required for sufficient informed consent, offering distinct conceptualizations of the ethical requirements of disclo...
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  15. Trust, Transparency, and Trauma Informed Care.Elizabeth Lanphier - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (5):38-40.
    Not only is deception commonplace in medical encounters, according to Christopher Meyers, but the clinical ethicist might have moral obligations to support and even enact deception. Descript...
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  16. More Than Conveying Information: Informed Consent as Speech Act.David C. Magnus, Jacob A. Blythe, Jason N. Batten & Bonnie O. Wong - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (5):1-3.
    In their target article, Millum and Bromwich situate their article against a backdrop of well-documented empirical research demonstrating that many participants have variable and often poor...
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  17. Why Have Uniform Informed Consent Documents When the Research Volunteers Are So Diverse?Ross E. McKinney - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (5):59-60.
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  18.  1
    Ethicists’ Deception: Theory, Role, Concepts, and Applications.Christopher Meyers - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (5):W1-W4.
    I am grateful to colleagues for their comments on my target article ; they are almost uniformly insightful, telling, and helpful. In this brief response, I extend the discussion on, in order...
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  19.  5
    Deception and the Clinical Ethicist.Christopher Meyers - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (5):4-12.
    In this article, I defend a discomfiting thesis: The clinical ethicist should sometimes be an active participant in the deception of patients and families. The case for this conclusion builds off Sissela Bok’s seminal analysis of lying, from which I emphasize that, despite some common intuitions to the contrary, there is prima facie no morally relevant difference between lies of omission and commission. I then discuss deception’s prevalence in medical encounters, noting that the ethicist is often embedded in corresponding decisions, (...)
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  20.  65
    Informed Consent: What Must Be Disclosed and What Must Be Understood?Joseph Millum & Danielle Bromwich - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (5):46-58.
    Over the last few decades, multiple studies have examined the understanding of participants in clinical research. They show variable and often poor understanding of key elements of disclosure, such as expected risks and the experimental nature of treatments. Did the participants in these studies give valid consent? According to the standard view of informed consent they did not. The standard view holds that the recipient of consent has a duty to disclose certain information to the profferer of consent because valid (...)
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  21.  3
    Looking Forward: A Response to Commentaries on “Race, Power and COVID-19: A Call for Advocacy Within Bioethics”.Zamina Mithani, Jane Cooper & J. Wesley Boyd - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (5):W5-W7.
    The events of 2020 have shaken the core of bioethics in a way that we hope will pave a new and equitable, though perhaps uncomfortable, path forward. We would like to thank those who responded to o...
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  22. Why Truthfulness is the First of the Virtues.Bryan C. Pilkington & Lauris C. Kaldjian - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (5):36-38.
    Christopher Meyers attempts a utilitarian defense of the deception of patients when the purported harms of truthful disclosure outweigh its benefits. He suggests that honesty i...
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  23.  1
    Lies of Omission and Commission, Providing and Withholding Treatment, Local and Global Autonomy – There Are Reasons for Clinical Ethicists to Attend to All of These Distinctions.Jonathan Pugh - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (5):43-45.
    Meyers argues that clinical ethicists should sometimes be active participants in the deception of patients and families, whether that involves lies of omission or commission. I shall...
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  24.  2
    Informed Consent, Understanding, and Trust.David B. Resnik - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (5):61-63.
    Valid Informed consent to medical treatment or research participation has traditionally been viewed as consisting of the following requirements: the person has t...
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  25.  1
    Varieties of Minimalism About Informed Consent.Gopal Sreenivasan - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (5):66-68.
    In their latest contribution to a series of important joint papers on informed consent, Joseph Millum and Danielle Bromwich analyze and reject what they call the “standard view” on informed...
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  26. Should the Clinical Ethicist Document Her Complicity in Intentional Deception?Lance K. Stell - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (5):27-30.
    I trust my lawyer more than I trust my doctor.—Shana Alexander, 1992 [The audience laughed.]1The Hippocratic Oath makes the physician invoke external supervision of her adherence to what she affirm...
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  27. Utilizing Community Research Committees to Improve the Informed Consent Process.Marc Tunzi, Robert P. Lennon, David Satin & Philip G. Day - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (5):73-75.
    Millum and Bromwich’s excellent article provides both conceptual and practical rationale for reexamining the fundamentals of the informed consent process for research and clinical interventi...
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  28. Chinese Clinical Ethicists Accept Physicians’ Benevolent Deception of Patients.Yuming Wang, Zhenxiang Zhang, Hongmei Zhang, Li Tian & Hui Zhang - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (5):22-24.
    In “Deception and the Clinical Ethicist,” Meyers defends the argument that the clinical ethicist should sometimes be an active participant in the deception of patients and their families. Me...
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  29. Risks to Relationships in Kidney Transplant Research with Living Donors and Recipients.Emily E. Anderson, Sanjeev Akkina & Philip Ghobrial - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (4):110-112.
    In order to consider how best to address relationship concerns with potential research participants arising in this study, we will first describe unique features...
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  30. “Second Chance” Mechanisms as a First Step to Ending the War on Drugs.Colleen M. Berryessa - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (4):54-56.
    In their article “Racial Justice Requires Ending the War on Drugs,” Earp, Lewis, and Hart argue for the end of our War on Drugs in order to alleviate our reliance on mass incarceration, harm...
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  31. A Value-Oriented Framework for Precision Medicine.Francesca Bosisio & Gaia Barazzetti - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (4):88-90.
    In her article, Lee vouches for a reciprocity-based approach that supports an ethics of inclusion in precision medicine research and accounts for participants’ values and experiences of the...
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  32.  4
    Responsible Research with Human Tissues: The Need for Reciprocity Toward Both Collectives and Individuals.Annelien L. Bredenoord, Johannes J. M. van Delden, Sarah N. Boers, Karin R. Jongsma & Michael A. Lensink - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (4):75-78.
    Precision medicine research involving human biological material is becoming an increasingly central component of healthcare, and its potential is quickly growing due to rapid technological progress...
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  33.  1
    Drug Legalization is Not a Masterstroke for Addressing Racial Inequality.Adrian Carter & Wayne Hall - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (4):44-46.
    Brian Earp and colleagues argue that the major harms associated with the use of illicit drugs largely arise from, or are at least exacerbated by, the fact that their use attracts criminal pe...
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  34. Experiences at a Federally Qualified Health Center Support Expanded Conception of the Gifts of Precision Medicine.Johanna Tayloe Crane & Carolyn P. Neuhaus - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (4):70-72.
    In “Obligations of the Gift,” Lee argues that ethical thinking regarding return of genetic research results has been too narrowly focused on individual consent and participants’ “right to kn...
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  35.  8
    Precision Medicine, Data, and the Anthropology of Social Status.Hugh Desmond - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (4):80-83.
    One of the fundamental ethical ambiguities in giving over our information is that it allows the other party not just to help us better, but also to exploit us better. Today we are increasingly aware of this ambiguity wherever big data is used, and precision medicine is proving to be no exception. Here I sketch the role that status hierarchies play in the relation between researchers and research subjects.
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  36. Racial Justice Requires Ending the War on Drugs.Brian D. Earp, Jonathan Lewis & Carl L. Hart - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (4):4-19.
    Historically, laws and policies to criminalize drug use or possession were rooted in explicit racism, and they continue to wreak havoc on certain racialized communities. We are a group of bioethicists, drug experts, legal scholars, criminal justice researchers, sociologists, psychologists, and other allied professionals who have come together in support of a policy proposal that is evidence-based and ethically recommended. We call for the immediate decriminalization of all so-called recreational drugs and, ultimately, for their timely and appropriate legal regulation. We (...)
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  37.  4
    Gift, Reciprocity and Learning Health Systems.Jean-François Ethier, Roxanne Dault, Annabelle Cumyn & Adrien Barton - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (4):91-93.
    Lee suggests a conceptualization of health data sharing not merely as an act of altruism, but as a gift. The difference is important, as the inscription of the latter in a social context inv...
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  38.  4
    The Importance of Rights to the Argument for the Decriminalization of Drugs.Kyle G. Fritz - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (4):46-48.
    In “Racial Justice Requires Ending the War on Drugs,” Earp and colleagues argue that the personal use or possession of all currently illicit psychoactive substances should be immediately decriminal...
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  39. We Have “Gifted” Enough: Indigenous Genomic Data Sovereignty in Precision Medicine.Janis Geary, Jessica A. Kolopenuk, Joseph M. Yracheta & Krystal S. Tsosie - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (4):72-75.
    In “Obligations of the ‘Gift’: Reciprocity and Responsibility in Precision Medicine,” Lee rightly points out that disparities in health care access also lead to disparities in precision medi...
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  40. Researchers Experience Moral Distress Too!Cynthia M. A. Geppert & Toby Schonfeld - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (4):100-101.
    Traditional approaches to human subjects protections in the United States focus on the ethical principles from the Belmont Report: respect for persons, beneficence, and justice. Since research regu...
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  41. Reciprocity’s Baggage.Jed Adam Gross - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (4):94-97.
    Biomedical research and its translation continue to pose normative questions about the nature of relations between researcher and participant and the role of research involving human subjects in so...
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  42. Supporting Investigators in Challenging Cases: Unease in the Face of an Ethically Appropriate Action.Liza-Marie Johnson, Devan M. Duenas & Benjamin S. Wilfond - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (4):98-99.
    As medicine and science advance, new ethical questions emerge. Over time, deliberation and analysis result in a somewhat settled approach to a problem. Often the settled approach is based on group...
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  43.  2
    Beyond Decriminalization: Ending the War on Drugs Requires Recasting Police Discretion Through the Lens of a Public Health Ethic.John Kleinig, Jeremiah Goulka, Leo Beletsky & Brandon del Pozo - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (4):41-44.
    Earp, Lewis, and Hart argue the pursuit of racial justice requires a summary end to the war on drugs. In surveying the racially disparate harms of an enforcement-oriented, punitive, and ulti...
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  44. Respecting Donor-Recipient Relationships in Research Decision-Making Commentary On: When Living Donor and Kidney Transplant Recipient Are Both Research Subjects.Stephanie A. Kraft - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (4):112-114.
    Ethical issues in biomedical research are traditionally examined as distinct from those of clinical care. However, this traditional framing may obscure questions of equity and fairness in both rese...
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  45. Fostering Relationships in Pediatric Oncology Research: A Relational Ethics Approach to Clinically Integrated Research.Stephanie A. Kraft & Brittany M. Lee - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (4):85-88.
    Ethical issues in biomedical research are traditionally examined as distinct from those of clinical care. However, this traditional framing may obscure questions of equity and fairness in both rese...
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  46. Aporia of the Gift: Precision Medicine’s Obligations Without Expectations.Elizabeth Lanphier - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (4):83-85.
    In “Obligations of the Gift” Sandra Lee suggests that social norms of reciprocity and the expectations and obligations associated with gift-giving afford a framework for addressing social ju...
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  47. Moving Beyond Standard Informed Consent for Interventional Organ Transplant Research.Jason Lesandrini, Jessica Ginsberg & Brooklyn Aaron - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (4):108-110.
    Achieving valid informed consent from a human research participant involves an ongoing process designed to protect the participant and ensure their rights, safety, and well-being are not compromise...
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  48. The Gift in Precision Medicine: Unwrapping the Significance of Reciprocity and Generosity.Melissa McCradden, James Anderson, Dylan Shaul & Randi Zlotnik Shaul - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (4):78-80.
    Gifts have served as a fundamental aspect of the human experience across time, even as their precise roles and functions have shifted. In the past, bioethicists and others have drawn upon anthropol...
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  49. The Underdeveloped “Gift”: Ethics in Implementing Precision Medicine Research.Michelle L. McGowan, Melanie F. Myers, John A. Lynch, Kristin E. Childers-Buschle & Amy A. Blumling - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (4):67-69.
    Lee emphasizes the need to better understand the moral relationship between researchers and participants connoted by precision medicine, with the framework of “the gift” offering bioethics a...
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  50.  1
    Acknowledging Angst: Research Ethics Consultation in Disclosing Experimental Research Results of Uncertain Benefit.Alan Nyitray & Ryan Spellecy - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (4):104-105.
    In this case, it is noted that while DNA testing and methylation are being studied as biomarkers for high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions in the anal canal, their efficacy is no...
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  51.  1
    The “War on Drugs” Affects Children Too: Racial Inequities in Pediatric Populations.Aleksandra E. Olszewski, Tracy L. Seimears, Jessica E. McDade, Melissa Martos, Austin DeChalus, Anthony L. Bui, Emily Davis & Emily W. Kemper - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (4):49-51.
    Earp, Lewis, and Hart write about the racism entrenched in policies criminalizing drug use and possession and describe the disparate impact that these policies have on certain racialized com...
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  52. Racial Justice and Economic Efficiency Both Require Ending the War on Drugs.Kristina Orfali & Pierre-André Chiappori - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (4):35-37.
    The paper by Earp, Lewis, and Hart offers a strong criticism of the so-called “war on drugs.” The authors very convincingly argue that the war “has worsened many aspects of public health whi...
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  53.  1
    Ending the War on Drugs Is an Essential Step Toward Racial Justice.Erin Partin & Jeffrey Miron - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (4):1-3.
    The United States’ long-running “War on Drugs” has been a dramatic failure. By adopting a punitive mindset centered on prohibition, government officials have demonstrated that control—not public he...
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  54. Ending the War on People with Substance Use Disorders in Health Care.Elizabeth Pendo & Kelly K. Dineen - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (4):20-22.
    Earp et al. provide a robust justification for the decriminalization of drugs based on the systemic racism that fuels the “war on drugs” and the ongoing harms of drug policies to individuals...
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  55. Relieving Investigator Angst After an Appropriate But Concerning Ethics Consultation.Rebecca D. Pentz, Margie Dixon, Hannah Claire Sibold & Shannon Blee - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (4):102-104.
    Even appropriate, ethically sound recommendations can generate angst. In this case, the principal investigator is concerned about the ethics consult recommendation to not inform the participan...
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  56.  3
    Legalization of Drugs and Human Flourishing.Eric Racine, Esthelle Ewusi Boisvert & Marianne Rochette - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (4):23-26.
    Earp and colleagues make a strong case for the complete decriminalization and even the legalization of recreational drug use based on the negative impact of the “War on drugs” on racialized...
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  57.  1
    Ending the War on Drugs Need Not, and Should Not, Involve Legalizing Supply by a For-Profit Industry.Peter Reuter & Jonathan P. Caulkins - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (4):31-35.
    Drug enforcement is unattractive, to put it mildly, particularly in the United States. Few try to defend current U.S. policies, let alone those from before recent reforms.The Bureau of Justice Stat...
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  58.  1
    Ending the War on Drugs Requires Decriminalization. Does It Also Require Legalization?Travis N. Rieder - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (4):38-41.
    Brian Earp and his colleagues argue in this issue’s target article that racial justice requires ending the War on Drugs. In this they are absolutely correct. Indeed, de...
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  59. Ending the War on Drugs: Public Attitudes and Incremental Change.Joseph T. F. Roberts - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (4):26-28.
    “Racial Justice Requires Ending the War on Drugs” is an impressively well evidenced argument for the need for drug reform. The authors outline how the war on drugs caus...
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  60. Some Contributions on How to Formulate Drug Policies and Provide Evidence-Based Regulation.A. K. Schlag, D. J. Nutt & S. Rolles - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (4):28-31.
    Earp, Lewis, and Hart make a comprehensive and compelling argument for ending the “war on drugs,” highlighting the importance of both ending the criminalization of people who use drugs, and...
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  61. It’s a War on People ….Jarrett Zigon - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (4):51-53.
    What do certain military missions in Afghanistan, domestic spying in the United States, therapeutic interventions in Russia and Denmark, torture and rape in an Indonesian police station, and Stop a...
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  62.  3
    A Call for Radical Transparency Regarding Research Payments.Emily E. Anderson & Brandon Brown - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (3):45-47.
    In the target article “Promoting Ethical Payment in Human Infection Challenge Studies,” Fernandez Lynch et al. call for more information sharing about research payment amounts to study parti...
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  63.  3
    Review of Bioethics in Action Baylis, Francoise and Dreger, Alice, Eds. Bioethics in Action. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2018. Vii + 177 Pp. $29.00. [REVIEW]Jacob M. Appel - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (3):W1-W2.
    Practitioners of bioethics engage in a wide range of endeavors from hospital-based clinical consultation to commentary in both academic and broader public forums. “Impact ethics” is either an orien...
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  64.  3
    Health Equity and the Public Health Code of Ethics: Rebuilding Trust From the COVID-19 Pandemic.Georges C. Benjamin - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (3):8-10.
    Sabatello et al. make a compelling case for structural racism as the root cause of the health inequities experienced by communities of color during the COVID-19 pandemic. As public health pr...
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  65.  3
    Considering the Importance of Context for Ethical Practice on Reimbursement, Compensation and Incentives for Volunteers in Human Infection Controlled Studies.Primus Che Chi, Esther Owino, Irene Jao, Vicki Marsh & Dorcas Kamuya - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (3):40-42.
    The proposed framework by Lynch et al. for promoting ethical forms of payment in Human Infection Controlled Studies in general and SARS-Cov-2 HICS in particular is an important contri...
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  66.  7
    What's True in Truth and Reconciliation? Why Epistemic Justice is of Paramount Importance in Addressing Structural Racism in Healthcare.Yoann Della Croce, Matteo Gianni & Valeria Marino - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (3):92-94.
    In their address of structural racism in healthcare, Sabatello and colleagues provide both a remarkable review of the empirical literature regarding the disproportionate impacts of the COVID...
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  67.  7
    Race, Racism, and Structural Injustice: Equitable Allocation and Distribution of Vaccines for the COVID-19.Helene D. Gayle & James F. Childress - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (3):4-7.
    Inequity has been a hallmark of the COVID-19 pandemic in the United States, especially in the sharply disproportionate impacts among people of color. Recent studies have confirmed that t...
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  68.  2
    Latinos and Structural Racism.Laura E. Gómez - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (3):83-85.
    Maya Sabatello and coauthors, in “Structural Racism in the COVID-19 Pandemic,” have called our attention to how preexisting systemic racism in the United States has produced exactly the racial disp...
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  69.  3
    The Birth of Injustice: COVID-19 Hospital Infection Control Policy on Latinx Birth Experience.Marielle S. Gross & Alexandra Norton - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (3):102-104.
    Disparities in maternal morbidity and mortality for Latinx populations are a paradigmatic example of the now widely acknowledged structural racism in U.S. health care that predisposed minorities to...
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  70.  4
    Incentive Payments and Research Related Risks—No Reason to Change.Søren Holm - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (3):43-45.
    The paper by Lynch et al. argues that payments to research participants in biomedical research can be divided into three different categories, reimbursement, compensation, and incentive and...
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  71.  4
    Dear President Biden: We Need a Truth and Reconciliation Commission.John D. Lantos - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (3):1-3.
    “Old Black Joe still picking cotton for your ribbons and bows. And everybody knows.” - Leonard Cohen, “Everybody Knows.” African-Americans and other minorities are suffering disproportionately duri...
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  72.  3
    Promoting Ethical Payment in Human Infection Challenge Studies.Holly Fernandez Lynch, Thomas C. Darton, Jae Levy, Frank McCormick, Ubaka Ogbogu, Ruth O. Payne, Alvin E. Roth, Akilah Jefferson Shah, Thomas Smiley & Emily A. Largent - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (3):11-31.
    To prepare for potential human infection challenge studies involving SARS-CoV-2, we convened a multidisciplinary working group to address ethical questions regarding whether and how much SAR...
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  73.  2
    Paying for Fairness? Incentives and Fair Subject Selection.Douglas MacKay & Rebecca L. Walker - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (3):35-37.
    In their Target Article, “Promoting Ethical Payment in Human Infection Challenge Studies,” Lynch et al. propose a framework for ethical payment to research participants and apply it to the c...
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  74.  4
    Structural Racism in the COVID-19 Pandemic: Don’T Forget About the Children!Jonathan M. Marron - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (3):94-97.
    The COVID-19 pandemic has been unprecedented, in every sense of the word. At the time of writing, there have been nearly 80 million confirmed cases of coronavirus and nearly 2 million deaths worldw...
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  75.  1
    Addressing COVID-19 Health Disparities & Latinidad.Nicole Martinez-Martin - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (3):98-99.
    After the November 2020 U.S. presidential election, many political analysts looked at the voting patterns of Latinx communities with consternation and surprise. Some analysts noted that “Latinx” ha...
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  76.  2
    The Role of Race in Pandemic Vaccine Allocation.Thomas May - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (3):89-91.
    The Target Article by Sabatello et al. should prove significant in advancing recognition of, and discussion concerning how, race is embedded in allocation strategies adopted in pandemic resp...
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  77.  2
    What Fairness Demands: How We Can Promote Fair Compensation in Human Infection Challenge Studies and Beyond.Seán O’Neill McPartlin & Josh Morrison - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (3):48-50.
    This commentary shall focus on the central claim made in Lynch et al.’s paper “Promoting Ethical Payment in Human Infection Challenge Studies.” According to their paper, there is a threefold...
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  78.  3
    Promoting Ethical Payments in Human Challenge Studies Conducted in LMICs: Are We Asking the Right Questions?Paul Ndebele & Adnan A. Hyder - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (3):51-53.
    The paper by Lynch et al. raises interesting ethical questions regarding whether and how much SARS-CoV-2 Human Challenge Studies participants should be paid. We appreciate the timely e...
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  79.  4
    Truth and Reconciliation of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities: A Case Study of COVID-19.Alice B. Popejoy - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (3):79-83.
    “Structural racism in the COVID-19 pandemic: moving forward” offers a nuanced and important critique of racial and ethnic health disparities starkly illuminated by COVID-19....
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  80.  2
    Research Participants Should Be Rewarded Rather Than “Compensated for Time and Burdens”.Joanna Różyńska - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (3):53-55.
    Paying research subjects for their participation in biomedical studies is an increasingly common and acceptable practice. Nevertheless, it continues to raise numerous conceptual, ethical, and pract...
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  81.  5
    Time to Professionalize Service to Research? Pay Nothing or Full Wage for Labor.Julian Savulescu - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (3):32-34.
    There is asbestos under the eaves of my house, outside my bedroom and bathroom. Imagine I want to remove it. I know there is a danger with asbestos removal causing asbestosis and mesothelioma. I do...
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  82.  4
    Paying the Right Amount to Challenge Trial Participants – We Need to Use Behavioral Science Insights to Sell What’s Right.Peter A. Ubel & J. S. Blumenthal-Barby - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (3):38-39.
    Sometimes doing what’s right depends on anticipating how people will react when you do the right thing. Consider two aspects of challenge trial payments discussed by Lynch and colleagues. Th...
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  83.  8
    Reifying Racism in the COVID-19 Pandemic Response.Ruqaiijah Yearby - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (3):75-78.
    This commentary discusses how racism can be perpetuated in two of the areas discussed in Sabatello et al: research for identifying remedies and contact tracing. Racism is a social system where the...
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  84.  6
    The Invisibility of Asian Americans in COVID-19 Data, Reporting, and Relief.Jennifer L. Young & Mildred K. Cho - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (3):100-102.
    Without proper recognition of the dual pandemics of COVID-19 and racism that Asian Americans and other racial minorities in the United States are facing, we cannot successfully address structural b...
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  85.  4
    Equitable Access to Research Benefits: Considerations for COVID-19 Vaccine Development and Clinical Trial Crossover.Danish Zaidi, Jennifer Miller, Tanvee Varma, Dowin Boatright & Phoebe Friesen - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (3):86-88.
    COVID-19 vaccine research success and emergency use authorizations have shown the life sciences’ potential for positive health impact. But they also underscore potentially divergent and conf...
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  86.  4
    Can a Global Bioethical Lens Engender Color Blindness? An Examination of Public Health Disasters.Michael O. S. Afolabi - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (2):61-64.
    One of the central characteristics of public health disasters is the rapid overlapping of different needs and priorities that require making critical choices that inevitably elicit conflicti...
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  87.  4
    How to Eliminate Racism in Health Care: Building Diversity Competency in a Regional Health Authority in Canada.Allen Alvarez, Sana Fakih & Bashir Jiwani - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (2):85-88.
    It is urgent that we address the causes and harmful effects of racism in health care. We propose that building diversity competence in the way we deliver health care services is key to this effort....
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  88.  6
    Black Women and Babies Matter.Bree L. Andrews & Lainie Friedman Ross - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (2):93-95.
    Black women and their babies matter. In this commentary, we explore the current challenges that Black women face when pregnant and what is needed to ensure an anti-racist approach to prenatal and p...
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  89.  6
    To What Extent Are Calls for Greater Minority Representation in COVID Vaccine Research Ethically Justified?Angela Ballantyne & Agomoni Ganguli-Mitra - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (2):99-101.
    In this commentary, we take up Yearby’s call for racism-sensitive research and apply this to the discourse regarding race and diversity in COVID vaccine research. We consider whether efforts...
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  90.  2
    Bioethics Advocacy in Ethos, Practice and Metrics.Amelia K. Barwise, Bjoerg Thorsteinsdottir, Megan A. Allyse, Michelle J. Clarke & Karen M. Meagher - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (2):69-72.
    Bioethicists in healthcare institutions have the skills and insights and can and must facilitate and promote measures that address deeply ingrained structural issues that exacerbate health inequity...
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  91.  4
    Counternarrative Themes.John Beverley & Regina Hurley - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (2):72-74.
    Mithani et al. argue that bioethics should more actively resist racial injustice and expand the range of voices heard beyond those historically considered. We largely agree with the authors’...
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  92.  6
    Racism and Bioethics: The Myth of Color Blindness.Clarence H. Braddock - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (2):28-32.
    Like many fields, bioethics has been constrained to thinking to race in terms of colorblindness, the idea that ideal deliberation would ignore race and hence prevent bias. There are practical and ethically significant problems with colorblind approaches to ethical deliberation, and important reasons why race is ethically relevant. Future discourse needs to understand how and why race is relevant in bioethics.
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  93.  4
    Counteracting COVID-19 Healthcare Inequity: Supporting Antiracist Practices at Bedside.Crystal E. Brown & Georgina D. Campelia - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (2):79-82.
    In “Racism and Bioethics: the myth of color blindness” Braddock convincingly argues that a “color blind” approach to triage and resource allocation in the setting of the COVID-19 pandemic pe...
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  94.  4
    Race-Conscious Bioethics: The Call to Reject Contemporary Scientific Racism.Jessica P. Cerdeña - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (2):48-53.
    “Hypertension in Blacks is a salt disease,” Dr. Anderson 1 explained. “Too much salt overloads their renin-angiotensin system and their kidneys can’t handle it. It’s just the way their bodies work....
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  95.  4
    The White Coat: A Counter Narrative.Brooke Cunningham - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (2):74-76.
    What does it mean to wear the white coat? I began to grapple with this as an internal medicine intern. I trained at Duke, where the dress code was more formal than at my medical school. Other than...
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  96.  2
    Putting Anti-Racism Into Practice as a Healthcare Ethics Consultant.Marion Danis - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (2):36-38.
    Events in the US in 2020 have laid bare the reality that racism and its effects continue to take a heavy toll on the lives of Black Americans. The three articles in this issue of AJOB each provide...
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  97.  4
    Addressing Racism in Medicine Requires Tackling the Broader Problem of Epistemic Injustice.Brandon del Pozo & Josiah D. Rich - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (2):90-93.
    Research into epistemic injustice, the practice of discrediting people as knowers based on their social identity, has gained broad popularity in ethics. Racism in medicine often mani...
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  98.  3
    Systemic Racism in America and the Call to Action.Stephen Estime & Brian Williams - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (2):41-43.
    This month the American Journal of Bioethics examines the intersectionality of medicine, ethics, and race. In “Race, Power, and COVID-19: A Call for Advocacy Within Bioethics,” Mithani and colleagu...
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  99.  6
    Transforming Bioethics: The Need for Strong Objectivity and Standpoints.Phoebe Friesen - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (2):58-60.
    In their target article, Zamina Mithani, Jane Cooper, and J. Wesley Boyd make a compelling case for the importance of “counter storytelling” in bioethics. They obse...
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  100.  3
    True Colors: Whiteness in Bioethics.Charlene Galarneau - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (2):33-35.
    In a plenary presentation on structural racism at the 2019 American Society of Bioethics and Humanities Annual Meeting, invited speaker Mary T. Bassett asserted that there is no solidarity without...
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  101.  13
    Against the Reification of Race in Bioethics: Anti-Racism Without Racial Realism.Adam Hochman - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (2):88-90.
    The three target articles constitute a powerful and persuasive call for actively anti-racist bioethics and biomedicine. All three articles reject race as a biological category. Nevertheless, they s...
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  102.  3
    Beyond Seeing Race: Centering Racism and Acknowledging Agency Within Bioethics.Jennifer E. James & Corina L. Iacopetti - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (2):56-58.
    As the twin pandemics of COVID-19 and state violence against Black Americans dominated our national landscape in the spring of 2020, many in medicine, nursing, and public health made renewed calls...
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  103.  2
    The Loud Silence of Racism: It is Killing Us All.Bridgette L. Jones - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (2):4-6.
    Audre Lorde wrote in her essay The Transformation of Silence into Language to Action, “I have come to believe over and over again that what is most important to me must be spoken, made verbal and s...
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  104.  4
    Beyond the Medical Model: Retooling Bioethics for the Work Ahead.Nancy M. P. King, Gail E. Henderson & Larry R. Churchill - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (2):53-55.
    The three important target articles make a strong case for regarding racism as a public health crisis. Each calls for advocacy by the bi...
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  105.  1
    Bioethics as Engaged Activity.Paul Macneill, Christopher F. C. Jordens, Deborah Zion & Angus Dawson - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (2):64-66.
    We applaud and support the call by Mithani et al. for “a proactive form of bioethics that actively resists and denounces i...
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  106.  6
    Updating Race-Based Risk Assessment Algorithms in Clinical Practice: Time for a Systems Approach.Junaid Nabi, Atif Adam, Sophia Kostelanetz & Sana Syed - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (2):82-85.
    The robustness of a health system can often be assessed by its response to unpredictable circumstances that demand resourcefulness and resilience. The ongoing COVID-19 pandemic has similarly challe...
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  107.  3
    Race and Power at the Bedside: Counter Storytelling in Clinical Ethics Consultation.Aleksandra E. Olszewski, Maya Scott, Arika Patneaude, Elliott M. Weiss & Aaron Wightman - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (2):77-79.
    Counter storytelling, used in critical race theory and narrative ethics, is a tool used to contradict and expose the oppression in a dominant narrative, by focusing attention on the stories of the...
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  108.  2
    It’s Time for a Black Bioethics.Keisha Shantel Ray - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (2):38-40.
    There are some long-standing social issues that imperil Black Americans’ relationship with health and healthcare. These issues include racial disparities in health outcomes, provider bi...
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  109.  3
    Addressing Meso-Level Mechanisms of Racism in Medicine.Ashley C. Rondini, Rachel H. Kowalsky & Miranda R. Waggoner - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (2):66-69.
    Racial inequities in medicine are the consequence of intersecting, multidimensional factors. As detailed in the articles by Braddock, Mithani, Cooper, and Boyd, and Yearby, the...
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  110.  5
    Racism, Broadly Speaking, and the Work of Bioethics: Some Conceptual Matters.Patrick T. Smith - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (2):7-10.
    Health care in the United States, being a microcosm of the broader society in which it developed, possesses a sordid legacy concerning racial prejudices, biases, and the perpetuation of health and...
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  111.  3
    COVID-19 is Not a Story of Race, but a Record of Racism—Our Scholarship Should Reflect That Reality.Jennifer Tsai - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (2):43-47.
    Like more than two hundred thousand other Americans, George Floyd howled horribly for air before his death. But his breathlessness was not born from a virus. He was murdered with the burden of anti...
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  112.  3
    From Paternalism to Engagement: Bioethics Needs a Paradigm Shift to Address Racial Injustice During COVID-19.John Noel Viaña, Sujatha Raman & Marcus Barber - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (2):96-98.
    COVID-19 has disproportionately affected ethnic minorities and migrants, not only through an increased risk of infection and death, but also through experiences of harassment, mar...
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  113.  5
    Racial Injustice and Meaning Well: A Challenge for Bioethics.Yolonda Y. Wilson - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (2):1-3.
    “Ignorance,” Jim Hudson, the art dealer, declares shortly before the climactic scene in the 2017 film, Get Out. “They mean well, but they have no idea what real people will go through”...
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  114.  12
    Testing the Correlates of Consciousness in Brain Organoids: How Do We Know and What Do We Do?Rachel A. Ankeny & Ernst Wolvetang - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (1):51-53.
    What consciousness exactly is remains an unsettled issue among both philosophers and biologists. Three aspects of consciousness are generally recognized: awareness consciousness (through connection...
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  115.  43
    Neural Organoids and the Precautionary Principle.Jonathan Birch & Heather Browning - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (1):56-58.
    Human neural organoid research is advancing rapidly. As Greely notes in the target article, this progress presents an “onrushing ethical dilemma.” We can’t rule out the possibility that suff...
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  116.  8
    A Review of “Love Drugs: The Chemical Future of Relationships”. [REVIEW]Jacob Blair - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (1):W4-W6.
    Brian Earp’s and Julian Savulescu’s provocatively titled “Love Drugs: The Chemical Future of Relationships” is a philosophically rigorous, scientifically informed, and yet wholly accessible study o...
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  117.  11
    Philosophy is Still Missing From the Human-Mouse Chimera Debate.Benjamin Capps - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (1):61-63.
    Given the broad coverage of “Human Brain Surrogates Research: The Onrushing Ethical Dilemma,” this commentary focuses on the section “human/nonhuman brain chimeras,” and specifically, the questions...
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  118.  9
    Justice and the Ethical Response to Suffering.Sabrina Derrington - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (1):73-75.
    In the years just prior to the COVID-19 pandemic, American clinicians and health care systems were focused on another life-threatening disease: opioid use disorder and the epidemic of deaths...
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  119.  11
    Expert Communication and the Self-Defeating Codes of Scientific Ethics.Hugh Desmond - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (1):24-26.
    Just as the COVID-19 pandemic has laid bare the limitations of medical codes of ethics (London 2021), it has also laid bare the limitations of scientific codes of ethics, particularly with regard to expert communication. This commentary will argue that scientific experts may face a fundamental dilemma between prioritizing actionability and prioritizing scientific transparency in their communications, and moreover, that this dilemma has an ethical dimension that should be anticipated in ethical guidelines for scientists.
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  120.  3
    A Sickle-Cell Patient Displaced by the Pandemic: Is a Request for Opioids Legitimate, or Sign of a Deeper Problems?Leah Eisenberg - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (1):69-70.
    The COVID-19 pandemic has impacted almost every aspect of daily life, from whether and where people work, to their ability to easily obtain necessities like flour and toilet paper. Healthcare has b...
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  121.  5
    “I’M in Pain; Why Don’T You Believe Me?” Pain Management in Sickle Cell Disease.Glenn Ellis - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (1):75-77.
    Sickle cell disease describes an inherited group of blood disorders that affect the lives of more than 4 million people around the globe. More than 43 million additional people are believed t...
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  122.  1
    Codes of Ethics, Human Rights and Forced Migration.Ryan Essex - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (1):31-33.
    The COVID-19 pandemic has led to the largest sudden global change to community life in living memory. Since being declared a pandemic in early 2020, there has been a growing body of evidence that h...
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  123.  9
    Human Brain Surrogates Research: The Onrushing Ethical Dilemma.Henry T. Greely - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (1):34-45.
    Human brain research is moving into a dilemma. The best way to understand how the human brain works is to study living human brains in living human beings, but ethical and legal standards make it d...
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  124.  1
    Cracking the Code: COVID-19 and the Future of Professional Promises.Andrew Helmers, Melissa McCradden, Roxanne Kirsch & Randi Zlotnik Shaul - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (1):19-21.
    Clinicians such as Sir William Osler reinvented Hippocrates and built the image of a noble, lone, professional man replete with black bag, minister...
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  125.  8
    When Doctors Refuse to Prescribe Opiates to a Patient in Pain: How Healthcare Ethics Consultants Can Be Most Effective.Alexander A. Kon & Jacob J. Kon - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (1):71-73.
    Throughout the 20th century, many doctors did not view pain management as an important aspect of their practice. Because pain cannot be objectively measured by the doctor, many doctors found it dif...
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  126.  2
    The Moral Relevance of Humanization.Julian J. Koplin - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (1):59-61.
    Greely’s target article outlines six categories of ethical issues associated with human brain surrogate research. Some of these issues are familiar from other research contexts; others, less...
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  127.  2
    A Crisis of Compromised Companionship in the Time of COVID-19.Leslie Kuhnel - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (1):82-84.
    Declan and Karesha’s case reflects one of the most challenging narratives resulting from the COVID-19 pandemic: the experience of isolation, frustration, and disconnection for patients and their fa...
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  128.  5
    The Centrality of Relational Autonomy and Compassion Fatigue in the COVID-19 Era.Kellie R. Lang & D. Micah Hester - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (1):84-86.
    As given, the case presents at least two questions for the ethics consultant to explore: to what extent should Declan’s parent, Karesha, be involved in his health care decisions, and why is...
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  129.  4
    Don’T Blame Hippocrates for Low Enrollment in Clinical Trials.John D. Lantos - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (1):1-3.
    “Facts don’t come with their own meaning attached.” Tzvetan Todorov Alex John London is frustrated by the commonly encountered situation of doctors thinking that they know what is bes...
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  130.  5
    Self-Defeating Codes of Medical Ethics and How to Fix Them: Failures in COVID-19 Response and Beyond.Alex John London - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (1):4-13.
    Statements of the core ethical and professional responsibilities of medical professionals are incomplete in ways that threaten fundamental goals of medicine. First, in the absence of explicit guida...
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  131.  3
    Brain Surrogates—Empty or Full Makes the Difference.Jeantine E. Lunshof - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (1):46-48.
    In his Target Article, Greely examines brain surrogates and the ethical dilemma they pose: …we may make our models so good that they themselves deserve some of the kinds of ethical and legal respec...
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  132.  1
    Response to Open Peer Commentaries for “There’s No Harm in Talking: Reestablishing the Relationship Between Theological and Secular Bioethics”.Michael McCarthy, Mary Homan & Michael Rozier - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (1):W1-W3.
    The global landscape in which we wrote this essay has fundamentally changed. Given how these changes have altered the rhythm of life, particularly the added responsibilities that many of you have a...
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  133.  3
    The Consequences of Access to Unproven Treatments: Medical Ethics Didn’T Create the Problem, and It Isn’T the Solution.Jerry Menikoff - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (1):27-29.
    Few would disagree with the notion that it would be a wonderful thing if we could more quickly learn how to treat, or better yet cure, diseases afflicting millions of people. Alex John London argue...
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  134.  4
    Responding to Human Brain Surrogates Research: The Value of Empirical Ethics.Suzanne Metselaar, Jeroen Geurts & Gerben Meynen - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (1):64-66.
    Greely argues that surrogates for living human brains in vivo might be of tremendous benefit to understanding human brain function—and eventually to curing devastating brain diseases—without...
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  135.  13
    Human Brain Surrogates: Models or Distortions?Monika Piotrowska - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (1):66-68.
    Although neurological disease and mental illness can cause terrible human suffering, strategies for researching their causes and cures are not obvious. Invasive brain research on actual human being...
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  136.  2
    Broadening the Scope of Moral Responsibility of Clinicians: What Medical Ethics Can Learn From Public Health Ethics.Carla Saenz - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (1):17-19.
    In “Self-Defeating Codes of Medical Ethics and How to Fix Them: Failures in COVID-19 Response and Beyond”, Alex London soundly argues that statements of the core ethical and professio...
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  137.  1
    Standardize or Adapt? Treatment Diversity as an Ethical Issue.Sabine Salloch - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (1):29-31.
    In his timely and insightful article London criticizes professional codes of ethics as they encourage diversity in treatment practice without sufficiently promoting the kind of research whic...
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  138.  6
    Scientific and Ethical Uncertainties in Brain Organoid Research.Arun Sharma, Peter Zuk & Christopher Thomas Scott - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (1):48-51.
    Hank Greely’s target article, “Human Brain Surrogates Research: The Onrushing Ethical Dilemma” reviews the manifold scientific and ethical questions surrounding models of human brains used i...
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  139.  3
    Relational Autonomy in an Era of Limited Visitation: What’s a Son, Mother, and Medical Team to Do?Anita Tarzian - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (1):78-79.
    Since Spring of 2020, health care facilities across the globe have accommodated to the stark reality of altered standards of care during the COVID-19 pandemic by drastically limiting family visitat...
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  140.  2
    The Duty to Support Learning Health Systems: A Broad Rather Than a Narrow Interpretation.Rieke van der Graaf, Wouter van Dijk, Sara J. M. Laurijssen, Ewoud Schuit, Diederick E. Grobbee & Martine C. de Vries - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (1):14-16.
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  141.  16
    In Science We Trust? Being Honest About the Limits of Medical Research During COVID-19.Walter Veit, Rebecca Brown & Brian D. Earp - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (1):22-24.
    As a result of the world-wide COVID-19 epidemic, an internal tension in the goals of medicine has come to the forefront of public debate. Medical professionals are continuously faced with a tug of...
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  142.  2
    Communication as Compassion.Meaghann S. Weaver - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (1):80-82.
    As a 21 year-old patient, Declan does maintain legal decision-making authority and is empowered to consent to his own care in an autonomous way. Declan still lives with his mother and has historica...
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  143.  12
    Against the Precautionary Approach to Moral Status: The Case of Surrogates for Living Human Brains.Tomasz Żuradzki - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (1):53-56.
    My paper builds on the conceptual tools from three interrelated philosophical debates that—as I believe—may help structure important if chaotic discussions about surrogates for living human brains and resolve some practical issues related to regulatory matters. In particular, I refer to the discussions about the “moral precautionary principle” in research ethics (Koplin and Wilkinson 2019); about normative uncertainty in ethics (MacAskill, Bykvist, and Ord 2020), and about the inductive risk problem for animal welfare scientists (Birch 2018). I elucidate upon the (...)
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