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  1.  5
    Situated Ethics in Development: STS Insights for a Pragmatic Approach to Development Policy and Practice.Carmen Bain, Lauren Trepanier, Caitlin Grady & Elizabeth Ransom - 2023 - Science, Technology, and Human Values 48 (1):190-211.
    Technology has played a central role in development programming since the inception of development assistance. Recent development organizations, like the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, believe technological innovation can improve development outcomes. Development ethics, a field of study focused on the ethical questions posed by development policies and practices, has yet to fully appreciate the ethical dimensions of the science and technology. Addressing this important research and policy gap, we contend that science and technology studies (STS) offers important insights that (...)
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  2.  5
    Searching for a Public in Controversies over Carbon Dioxide Removal: An Issue Mapping Study on BECCS and Afforestation.Jason Chilvers, Tim Rayner & Laurie Waller - 2023 - Science, Technology, and Human Values 48 (1):34-67.
    The roles digital media-technologies play in raising public issues relating to emerging technologies and their potential for engaging publics with science and policy assessments is a lively field of inquiry in Science and Technology Studies (STS). This paper presents an analysis of controversies over proposals for the large-scale removal of atmospheric carbon dioxide (CDR). The study combines a digital method (web-querying) with document analysis to map debates about two CDR approaches: bioenergy with carbon capture and storage (BECCS) and afforestation. In (...)
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  3.  2
    Science or Ignorance of Animal Welfare? A Case Study: Scientific Reports Published in Preparation for the First European Directive on Animal Welfare (1979-1980). [REVIEW]Samuel Ducourant - 2023 - Science, Technology, and Human Values 48 (1):139-166.
    In 1979, the Council of the European Communities declared its intention to ban battery cages for laying hens; one year later, everything about the ban is forgotten. During this preparatory year (1979-1980), all that happened is the publication of scientific reports, that is, attempts at producing knowledge as a basis for and justification of the ban decision. This paper aims at understanding to what extent ignorance and doubt were produced instead. By examining the reports, I demonstrate that there are three (...)
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  4.  2
    Making Measuring Bodies.Anna Harris - 2023 - Science, Technology, and Human Values 48 (1):115-138.
    Medicine is often criticized in science and technology studies (STS) for its dominating measuring practices. To date, the focus has been on two areas of “metric work”: health-care workers and metric infrastructures. In this article, I step back into the training of clinicians, which is important for understanding more about how practices of measurement are developed. I draw on ethnographic fieldwork in a Dutch medical school to look at how a ubiquitous and mundane tool––measuring tapes––is embodied by medical students as (...)
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  5.  5
    Clothing Inventions as Acts of Citizenship? The Politics of Material Participation, Wearable Technologies, and Women Patentees in Late Victorian Britain.Kat Jungnickel - 2023 - Science, Technology, and Human Values 48 (1):9-33.
    This article is about clothing inventions, material participation, and acts of citizenship. I explore how pioneering Victorian women at the turn of the last century inventively responded via clothing to restrictions to their (physical and ideological) freedom of movement. While the bicycle is typically celebrated as a primary vehicle of women’s emancipation at that time, I argue that inventive forms of clothing, such as convertible cycling skirts, also helped women make claims to rights and privileges otherwise legally denied to their (...)
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  6.  8
    What Is an STS Contribution Now?Matthew Kearnes, Courtney Addison, Kari Lancaster & Timothy Neale - 2023 - Science, Technology, and Human Values 48 (1):3-8.
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  7.  2
    Predicting Success in the Embryology Lab: The Use of Algorithmic Technologies in Knowledge Production.Manuela Perrotta & Alina Geampana - 2023 - Science, Technology, and Human Values 48 (1):212-233.
    This article analyzes local algorithmic practices resulting from the increased use of time-lapse (TL) imaging in fertility treatment. The data produced by TL technologies are expected to help professionals pick the best embryo for implantation. The emergence of TL has been characterized by promissory discourses of deeper embryo knowledge and expanded selection standardization, despite professionals having no conclusive evidence that TL improves pregnancy rates. Our research explores the use of TL tools in embryology labs. We pay special attention to standardization (...)
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  8.  4
    Permanent Temporality: Race, Time, and the Materiality of Romanian Identity Cards.Ildikó Zonga Plájás - 2023 - Science, Technology, and Human Values 48 (1):68-90.
    Documents, in particular identity cards, mediate relationships between individuals and institutions. Their materiality matters and actively impacts how states govern populations and their movements. In this paper, I examine one such object, the Romanian identity card. Focusing on its temporality and agency, I explore how objects and technological procedures enact race. In Romania, people without an address or proof of residence—many of them members of segregated Roma communities living in deep poverty—can only receive a temporary identity card, the Carte de (...)
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  9.  4
    On Theory–Methods Packages in Science and Technology Studies.Mikko J. Virtanen & Antti Silvast - 2023 - Science, Technology, and Human Values 48 (1):167-189.
    Our review essay contributes to the long-standing and vibrant discussion in science and technology studies (STS) on methods, methodologies, and theory–method relationships. We aim to improve the reflexivity of research by unpacking the often implicit assumptions that imbue research conduct and by offering practical tools through which STS researchers can recognize their research designs and think through them in a new way. To achieve these aims, we analyze different compositions of theories, methods, and empirics in three different STS approaches—actor–network theory, (...)
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  10.  6
    “Let’s Not Have the Perfect Be the Enemy of the Good”: Social Impact Bonds, Randomized Controlled Trials, and the Valuation of Social Programs.James W. Williams - 2023 - Science, Technology, and Human Values 48 (1):91-114.
    This article uses the case of “social impact bonds” (SIBs) to explore the role of social science methods in new markets in “social investment.” Pioneered in the UK in 2010, SIBs use private capital to fund social programs with governments paying returns for successful outcomes. Central to the SIB model is the question of evaluation and the method to be used in determining program outcomes and investor returns. In the United States, the randomized controlled trial (RCT) has been the dominant (...)
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