Human Studies

ISSN: 0163-8548

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  1.  1
    Reverent Awe and the Field of Consciousness.P. Sven Arvidson - 2022 - Human Studies 45 (3):397-416.
    This article extends Aron Gurwitsch’s central insight about the field of consciousness—that it is always organized in a theme, thematic field, margin pattern—to the human capacity for reverence. It offers an original phenomenology of reverent awe, inspired by Gurwitsch’s work, as an articulation of reverential index and reverential attitude. According to Paul Woodruff in Reverence: Renewing a Forgotten Virtue, reverence names those times when we become aware of something larger than human and simultaneously our human limitations. By bridging the concepts (...)
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  2.  2
    “The Temporal ‘Succession’ of Here and Now Situations”: Schütz and Garfinkel on Sequentiality in Interaction.Lilian Coates - 2022 - Human Studies 45 (3):469-491.
    The article re-examines the relationship between the works of Alfred Schütz and Harold Garfinkel, focusing on their respective approaches to temporality in interaction. Although there are good reasons to emphasize the differences between Schütz’s notion of individual projects of action and Garfinkel’s interest in communicative sequencing, there is also an interesting historical connection. In order to elucidate this connection, the article provides a close reading of the steps that lead Schütz from his premise of ‘egological’ time consciousness to his understanding (...)
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  3. Communicative Action, Objectifications, and the Triad of Violence.Ekkehard Coenen - 2022 - Human Studies 45 (3):447-468.
    This article aims to develop a social theory of violence that emphasizes the role of the third party as well as the communication between the involved subjects. For this Teresa Koloma Beck’s essay ‘The Eye of the Beholder: Violence as a Social Process’ is taken as a starting point, which adopts a social-constructivist perspective. On the one hand, the basic concepts and the benefits of this approach are presented. On the other hand, social-theoretical problems of this approach are revealed. These (...)
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  4.  3
    Social Position and Social Status: An Institutional and Relational Sociological Conception.Zoltán Farkas - 2022 - Human Studies 45 (3):417-445.
    In this article, I discuss the concepts of social position and social status, the types of social position, as well as the determinedness of social statuses by the given positions in a new approach. In the first, introductory part of the article, I emphasize that the institutional sociological conception of social position in my approach is relatively closest to the structuralist position conception. In the second part, I introduce two different concepts, labelled social position and social status, and briefly review (...)
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  5.  2
    Human–Computer Interaction Research Needs a Theory of Social Structure: The Dark Side of Digital Technology Systems Hidden in User Experience.Ryan Gunderson - 2022 - Human Studies 45 (3):529-550.
    A sociological revision of Aron Gurwitsch provides a helpful layered theory of conscious experience as a four-domain structure: the theme, the thematic field, the halo, and the social horizon. The social horizon—the totality of the social world that is unknown, vaguely known, taken for granted, or ignored by the subject despite objectively influencing the thoughts and actions of the subject—, helps conceptualize how everyday human–computer interaction can obscure social structures. Two examples illustrate the usefulness of this framework: illuminating new forms (...)
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  6.  4
    The Visual and Conversational Order of Membership Categories in Fictional Films.Ryo Okazawa & Ken Kawamura - 2022 - Human Studies 45 (3):551-576.
    This paper demonstrates an empirical analysis of the visual order of membership categories in a way consistent with both an early ethnomethodological research interest and recent arguments in membership categorization analysis. Early ethnomethodological studies have highlighted that we can infer and understand the membership categories of observed people about whom we have no information in advance, even without talking to them. Recent membership categorization analysts have argued the methodological importance of using video data. Given this, fictional films serve as video (...)
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  7.  4
    What Does a Phenomenological Theory of Social Objects Mean?Besnik Pula - 2022 - Human Studies 45 (3):509-528.
    What are social objects and what makes them different from other realms of scientifically studied reality? How can sociology theoretically account for the relationship between objects of social reality such as norms and social structures, and their existence as objects of experience for living human actors? Contemporary sociology is characterized by a fundamental dissensus with regard to this question. Ironically, this is the very problem Alfred Schutz tackled in his phenomenological critique of Max Weber’s sociological theory. As Schutz demonstrated nearly (...)
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  8.  9
    Thomas J. Millay: Kierkegaard and the New Nationalism: A Contemporary Reinterpretation of the Attack upon Christendom: Lexington Books, Lanham, MD, 2021, $95.00 hc., 195 pp + Index.Clayton Snell - 2022 - Human Studies 45 (3):607-612.
  9.  5
    Holding It All Together: on the Value of Compromise and the Virtues of Compromising.Berry Tholen - 2022 - Human Studies 45 (3):493-508.
    Public discourse and theoretical literature currently show controversy on the value of political compromise: some oppose it, others welcome it, and on both sides, arguments differ. The different positions in these debates on compromise build on particular understandings of what politics is all about. These understandings oppose one another and are even mutually exclusive. An encompassing position that combines elements from these different approaches is needed to bring us beyond this situation of controversy and take the debate on compromise a (...)
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  10.  1
    How to Start a Fight: A Qualitative Video Analysis of the Trajectories Toward Violence Based on Phone-Camera Recorded Fights.Don Weenink, René Tuma & Marly van Bruchem - 2022 - Human Studies 45 (3):577-605.
    We aim to contribute to recent situational approaches to the study of interpersonal violence by elaborating the concept of trajectories. Trajectories are communicative processes in which antagonists act upon each other’s bodily and verbal actions to project a direction for the interaction to take, which is then tested in the exchanges that follow. We use the notion of trajectories to gain insight in how participants turn an antagonistic situation into a violent encounter, which we contrast to interactionist and micro-sociological understandings. (...)
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  11.  5
    The Tragedy of Scientific Culture: Husserl on Inauthentic Habits, Technisation and Mechanisation.Thomas Arnold - 2022 - Human Studies 45 (2):209-222.
    Habit and habitualisation play an important role in Husserl's phenomenology, yet one aspect of habituality has been somewhat overlooked, namely the dimension of authenticity/inauthenticity. While authenticity in Heidegger has received a lot of attention, inauthenticity in Husserl is less well researched, although, as I will show, it is of equal importance to his overall theorising. The central aim of this paper is to explore the authenticity/inauthenticity-distinction in the various domains of habitualisation and to establish its fundamental importance for Husserl. In (...)
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  12.  6
    Ontology and Politics: Interdependence and Radical Contingency in Merleau-Ponty’s Political Interworld.Anya Daly - 2022 - Human Studies 45 (2):341-359.
    This paper takes as its point of departure Merleau-Ponty’s assertion: “everything will have to begin again, in politics as well as in philosophy”. In pursuing his later work, Merleau-Ponty signalled the need for a reconfiguration of his philosophical vision, so it was no longer caught in Cartesianism and the philosophy of consciousness. This required a turn towards ontology through which he consolidated two key ideas: firstly, a pervasive interdependence articulated in his reversibility thesis and the ontology of ‘flesh’; secondly, a (...)
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  13.  9
    Living in the Flesh: Technologically Mediated Chiasmic Relationships.Bas de Boer & Peter-Paul Verbeek - 2022 - Human Studies 45 (2):189-208.
    During the Corona pandemic, it became clear that people are vulnerable to potentially harmful nonhuman agents, as well as that our own biological existence potentially poses a threat to others, and vice versa. This suggests a certain reciprocity in our relations with both humans and nonhumans. In his The Visible and the Invisible, Merleau-Ponty introduces the notion of the flesh to capture this reciprocity. Building on this idea, he proposes to understand our relationships with other humans, as well as those (...)
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  14.  4
    Economic Consciousness: Four Historical Considerations.Till Düppe - 2022 - Human Studies 45 (2):265-282.
    In this article, I propose four considerations that might frame a history of economic consciousness from the pre-modern oikonomia to the modern economy. Before the economy dominated attention in the public sphere, economic consciousness was pre-discursive. Only once economic concerns were being dealt with, discursive practices were possible. Thus economic practices, for most parts of human history, have been considered a condition rather than a locus of culture. As soon as economic affairs enter the discursive sphere, they cause problems of (...)
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  15.  3
    Understanding Co-authorship: Phenomenological Investigation of Faculty Members’ Experience in Iran Universities.Parisa Gholami, Rozhin Ghaslani & Keyvan Bolandhematan - 2022 - Human Studies 45 (2):243-264.
    The present study, using a qualitative approach and interpretive phenomenological method, was conducted to examine the co-authorship experiences of faculty members as a visible aspect of scientific collaboration. Using purposive sampling and considering the theoretical saturation of the data, 15 faculty members participated in the present study. The required data were collected using a semi-structured interview and analyzed using Smith and Osborne’s method and MAXQDA 2020 software. The experiences of faculty members were interpreted in the form of two encouraging and (...)
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  16. The Search for Discharge Facilities in Japanese Rehabilitation Team Interaction.Hiroaki Izumi - 2022 - Human Studies 45 (2):361-387.
    Using conversation analysis, this study investigates how Japanese rehabilitation team members use their geographic knowledge to search for long-term care facilities for stroke survivors in multidisciplinary team interactions. The study uncovers the orderly use of decision rules during discharge planning activities by exploring the following two questions: What decision criteria are discursively used? In what order are the criteria handled through sequential operations? The data comprise 65 video-recorded rehabilitation team meetings and ethnographic information regarding local care facilities and patients’ residential (...)
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  17.  6
    Facing the Lively Unity of Difference: Heidegger’s Thoughts on Nietzsche’s Philosophy of Eternal Return and the Self-Overcoming Power of Thinking.SangWon Lee - 2022 - Human Studies 45 (2):223-241.
    This article examines Heidegger’s thoughts on Nietzsche’s philosophy of eternal return and the self-overcoming power of thinking. Scholarly commentators argue that Heidegger’s interpretation of Nietzsche reduces the open possibilities of thinking about temporality, becoming and difference into a rigid metaphysical framework of being as a whole. However, a close reading of Heidegger’s thoughts on the eternal recurrence shows that his interpretive attempt to disclose the metaphysical ground of Nietzsche’s thinking reveals a deeper, dynamic dimension of Nietzsche’s recurrent efforts of self-overcoming. (...)
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  18.  5
    Eric S. Nelson: Levinas, Adorno, and the Ethics of the Material Other: New York: State University of New York Press, 2020, $34.95 pbk, 459 pp + Index.Kelvin Ka Ho Li - 2022 - Human Studies 45 (2):389-395.
  19.  2
    Fields of Recognition: A Dialogue Between Pierre Bourdieu and Axel Honneth.Corrado Piroddi - 2022 - Human Studies 45 (2):311-339.
    This paper aims to enrich the idea of the institutionalized sphere of recognition developed by Axel Honneth and Pierre Bourdieu’s concept of the “social field” by combining them. First, it underlines the characteristics that the two viewpoints share. Second, the paper argues that their combination can be mutually beneficial for overcoming some of their respective theoretical limits: the issue of the determination of the amplitude of the social field and the nature of the power that institutions of recognition exercise on (...)
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  20.  3
    Socialism Order of Worth and Analytical Adequacy Axiom.Christian Schneijderberg - 2022 - Human Studies 45 (2):283-308.
    Boltanski and Thévenot constructed in their seminal work On Justification the Orders of Worth framework as a research program for further empirical and theoretical development. This article suggests two methodological additions to extend the analytical capacities of the OW framework: The Socialism OW and the analytical adequacy axiom. The polito-philosophical Socialism OW, which acknowledges ' welfare' as its mode of evaluation and the higher principle of 'solidarity' as its test, is rooted in the political philosophy of Rosanvallon. In addition to (...)
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  21.  1
    Correction to: Socialism Order of Worth and Analytical Adequacy Axiom.Christian Schneijderberg - 2022 - Human Studies 45 (2):309-309.
  22.  13
    Some Suggestions to Improve Postphenomenology.Ehsan Arzroomchilar - 2022 - Human Studies 45 (1):65-92.
    Postphenomenology was envisaged to lay bare the black box of technology through a phenomenological approach. The vision, in this sense, was to identify how technology might mediate both the subjectivity of its immediate user and the world around her. In this paper I will argue that to cognize technology’s effects fully, we need to enrich postphenomenology with further insights. In particular, SCOT and ANT may be integrated into postphenomenology. While the former can provide a historical narrative of how technology has (...)
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  23.  9
    Hannah Arendt’s Hidden Phenomenology of the Body.Charles des Portes - 2022 - Human Studies 45 (1):139-156.
    Amongst the Arendtian scholars, there is almost a consensus on Arendt’s supposedly reluctance to the question of the body. The Arendtian body is said to belong to the unpolitical realm of necessity, in other words, the body is a private matter that should not appear in public. It is antipolitical. However, in this paper, I want to suggest that there is a possibility to outline a phenomenology of embodied political action in what I think to be Arendt’s hidden phenomenology of (...)
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  24.  2
    Ian H. Angus: Groundwork of Phenomenological Marxism: Crisis, Body, World: Lexington Books, Lanham, 2021, $155 hbk, 531 pp + index.Tyler Gasteiger - 2022 - Human Studies 45 (1):179-187.
  25.  10
    The Secret Smiles of Things: Sartre’s Realism Reconsidered.Simon Gusman - 2022 - Human Studies 45 (1):119-137.
    In this article, I argue against a widespread misconception concerning the nature of things in Sartre’s philosophy. Sartre’s conception of the nature of things concerns the idea that outside of consciousness a single undifferentiated mass of brute being exists which is divided into definitive things by consciousness. I propose a different reading of Sartre’s realism. Such a reading is based primarily on Nausea, Being and Nothingness and Consciousness of Self and Knowledge of Self states that, contra common conception, there is (...)
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  26.  7
    Hili Razinsky: Ambivalence: A Philosophical Exploration: London: Rowman & Littlefield International, 2017, $42.00 pbk, 263 pp + bibliography and index. [REVIEW]Kyle S. Hodge - 2022 - Human Studies 45 (1):173-178.
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  27.  3
    Heidegger and Latour on the Danger Hiding in Actuality.Erik Meganck - 2022 - Human Studies 45 (1):47-63.
    In The question concerning technology, Heidegger explores actuality in terms of danger. In chapter 3.6 ‘Who has forgotten Being?’ of his We have never been modern, Latour typically ridicules Heidegger and rejects no less than his whole thinking path. I contend that this criticism stems from an inadequate interpretation of Heidegger. By reading the latter in a modern register, Latour turns Heidegger into a modern thinker. Leaving aside the matter of modern elements in Heidegger’s thoughts, these are certainly not the (...)
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  28.  6
    The Husserlian Will to Power: ‘I Can Do Whatever I Want’.Sara Pasetto - 2022 - Human Studies 45 (1):93-118.
    It is common to experience hostile emotions like frustration, anger and hate in our everyday life. It could be sufficient a mere hindrance obstructing the pursuit of our goals to lead us thinking and justifying alternative actions to our original aim, in a manner that can redirect us to obtaining a disvalue, instead of realising the purpose of good will of our initial intention. Normally, we are unaware of this shift because the emotional process is the only perceived phenomenon. This (...)
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  29.  4
    Correction to: Transdisciplinarity Without Method: On Being Interdisciplinary in a Technoscientific World.Robert C. Scharff & David A. Stone - 2022 - Human Studies 45 (1):1-25.
    Questions about what experts need to know to facilitate their collaboration in interdisciplinary situations are usually answered with proposals concerning the technical methods, epistemic ground rules, and explanatory theories that one applies “across” disciplines, just as such methods, rules, and theories are applied “within” a discipline. However, phenomenology offers something better. Instead of following the traditional route of looking for general conditions that apply to collaborative practice, phenomenology turns to what actually happens in collaborative experience and shows that success is (...)
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  30.  2
    Correction to: Transdisciplinarity Without Method: On Being Interdisciplinary in a Technoscientific World.Robert C. Scharff & David A. Stone - 2022 - Human Studies 45 (1):27-27.
    Questions about what experts need to know to facilitate their collaboration in interdisciplinary situations are usually answered with proposals concerning the technical methods, epistemic ground rules, and explanatory theories that one applies “across” disciplines, just as such methods, rules, and theories are applied “within” a discipline. However, phenomenology offers something better. Instead of following the traditional route of looking for general conditions that apply to collaborative practice, phenomenology turns to what actually happens in collaborative experience and shows that success is (...)
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  31.  3
    Passing Time: Bruno Latour’s Challenge to Philosophy.Joeri Schrijvers - 2022 - Human Studies 45 (1):29-45.
    At one point in We will never have been modern Latour notes that his thinking is a “challenge to philosophy”. This article argues that Latour's challenge lies in his repeated claim that his ontology makes us able to think again about the “passing of time”. If this is indeed the case then, this essay looks to Martin Heidegger to think of the question of temporality and ontology. This essay will in effect find that on a deeper level Latour repeats crucial (...)
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  32.  9
    Beyond Contagion of Violence: Passionate Love and Empathy in the Thought of René Girard and Max Scheler.Bogumił Strączek - 2022 - Human Studies 45 (1):157-172.
    In his last book René Girard depicts apocalypse as disclosure of mimetic violence that is world-ending. He claims that in times of violent pandemic we are not called to fight for this world, but follow Christ in his withdrawal from the world. However, such an assertion creates serious theoretical and practical issues for the effort to heal interhuman relations from the virus of mimetic hostility. I argue for the importance of restoring a foundational distinction between passionate love and acquisitive mimetic (...)
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  33. Migrations of Trust: Reasonable Trust and Epistemic Transgressions.Duska Franeta - 2022 - Human Studies.
     
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