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  1.  1
    Robert Cummings Neville, Defining Religion: Essays in Philosophy of Religion.J. Aaron Simmons - 2019 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 85 (2):271-277.
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  2.  6
    Kant and Schelling on the Ground of Evil.Dennis Vanden Auweele - 2019 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 85 (2):235-253.
    Schelling’s views of evil in Philosophical Inquiries into the Nature of Human Freedom is usually thought of as a radicalization of Kant’s argument for the propensity to evil in human nature in Religion within the Bounds of Mere Reason. In this paper, I argue that Kant does not provide a full transcendental deduction for the ground of evil in human nature because this would give a rational reason for there to be evil, Schelling provides a theological–metaphysical reconstruction of Kant’s argument (...)
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  3.  5
    John Duns Scotus: On Being and Cognition: Ordinatio 1.3, Edited and Translated by John van den Bercken.Eric W. Hagedorn - 2019 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 85 (2):255-258.
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  4. Editorial Preface.R. L. Hall - 2019 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 85 (2):123-124.
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  5.  9
    Sylvia Walsh: Kierkegaard and Religion: Personality, Character, and Virtue.Sharon Krishek - 2019 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 85 (2):265-269.
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  6.  3
    Martha Nussbaum: Anger and Forgiveness: Resentment, Generosity, Justice.Gordon Pettit - 2019 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 85 (2):259-263.
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  7.  10
    The Implied Theodicy of Kant’s Religion Within the Boundaries of Mere Reason : Love as a Response to Radical Evil.Matthew Rukgaber - 2019 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 85 (2):213-233.
    This article begins with a brief survey of Kant’s pre-Critical and Critical approaches to theodicy. I maintain that his theodical response of moral faith during the Critical period appears to be a dispassionate version of what Leibniz called Fatum Christianum. Moral rationality establishes the existence and goodness of God and translates into an endless and unwavering commitment to following the moral law. I then argue that Religion within the Boundaries of Mere Reason offers a revision of Kant’s 1791 conception of (...)
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  8.  6
    Skeptical Theism and the Challenge of Atheism.James P. Sterba - 2019 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 85 (2):173-191.
    Skeptical theists hold that we should be skeptical about our ability to know the reasons that God would have for permitting evil, at least in particular cases. They argue for their view by setting aside actions that are wrong in themselves and focusing their attention on actions that are purportedly right or wrong simply in terms of their consequences. However, I argue in this paper that once skeptical theists are led to take into account actions that are wrong in themselves, (...)
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  9.  5
    Is Supernatural Belief Unreliably Formed?Hans Van Eyghen - 2019 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 85 (2):125-148.
    I criticize 5 arguments for the conclusion that religious belief is unreliably formed and hence epistemically tainted. The arguments draw on scientific evidence from Cognitive Science of Religion. They differ considerably as to why the evidence points to unreliability. Two arguments conclude to unreliability because religious belief is shaped by evolutionary pressures; another argument states that the mechanism responsible for religious belief produces many false god-beliefs; a similar argument claims that the mechanism produces incompatible god-beliefs; and a final argument states (...)
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  10.  23
    Re-Evaluating the Hiddenness Argument From Above.Kevin Vandergriff - 2019 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 85 (2):193-211.
    J. L. Schellenberg’s hiddenness argument for atheism assumes that God’s perpetual openness to a relationship with any finite person is consistent with their perpetual flourishing. However, I argue that if Aquinas-Stump’s account of the nature of love is true, then any finite person flourishes the most only if they attain the greatest degree of union among God and all relevant parties. Moreover, if Humean externalism is true, then any finite person might not have their greatest attainable degree of union among (...)
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  11.  10
    Faith and Disbelief.Robert K. Whitaker - 2019 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 85 (2):149-172.
    Is faith that p compatible with disbelief that p? I argue that it is. After surveying some recent literature on the compatibility of propositional and non-propositional forms of faith with the lack of belief, I take the next step and offer several arguments for the thesis that both these forms of faith are also compatible, in certain cases, with outright disbelief. This is contrary to the views of some significant recent commentators on propositional faith, including Robert Audi and Daniel Howard-Snyder. (...)
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  12.  12
    Guest Editorial Preface: Special Issue on Pantheism and Panentheism.Andrei Buckareff & Yujin Nagasawa - 2019 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 85 (1):1-3.
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  13.  25
    Personhood, Consciousness, and God: How to Be a Proper Pantheist.Sam Coleman - 2019 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 85 (1):77-98.
    In this paper I develop a theory of personhood which leaves open the possibility of construing the universe as a person. If successful, it removes one bar to endorsing pantheism. I do this by examining a rising school of thought on personhood, on which persons, or selves, are understood as identical to episodes of consciousness. Through a critique of this experiential approach to personhood, I develop a theory of self as constituted of qualitative mental contents, but where these contents are (...)
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  14.  10
    God’s Omnipresence in the World: On Possible Meanings of ‘En’ in Panentheism.Georg Gasser - 2019 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 85 (1):43-62.
    Panenetheism is the claim that God and the cosmos are intimately inter-related, with the cosmos being in God and God being in the cosmos. What does this exactly mean? The aim of this paper is to address this question by sheding light on four possible models of God-world-inter-relatedness. Being critical of those models, which understand maximal immanence in a literal, spatial sense, the paper argues in favor of a model, which cashes out immanence in terms of divine activity. God is, (...)
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  15.  30
    Did the Universe Design Itself?Philip Goff - 2019 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 85 (1):99-122.
    Many philosophers and scientists believe that we need an explanation as to why the laws of physics and the initial conditions of the universe are fine-tuned for life. The standard two options are: theism and the multiverse hypothesis. Both of these theories are extravagant and arguably have false predictions. Drawing on contemporary philosophy of mind, I outline a form of panpsychism that I believe offers a more parsimonious and less problematic explanation of cosmological fine-tuning.
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  16.  14
    What God Might Be.John Leslie - 2019 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 85 (1):63-75.
    As Plato suggested, the cosmos may exist because this is ethically necessary. It then might well consist of infinitely many minds, each itself infinite through eternally knowing all that was worth knowing. Our universe would exist inside one of them, as a pattern in its thought. But intrinsic value could be a fiction, making Plato’s suggestion a non-starter. Again, indeterministic free will might have immense value. Those infinite minds could then differ from one another in constantly changing ways through the (...)
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  17.  15
    Panentheism and its Neighbors.Mikael Stenmark - 2019 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 85 (1):23-41.
    In this paper I suggest that we should identify panentheism on a scale, with deism at one extreme and pantheism at the other. The surprising outcome of the analysis is that many of the things which in the philosophical and theological debate are simply taken for granted as distinguishing panentheism from traditional theism turn out to be possible extension claims rather than core doctrines of these different conceptions of God. Nevertheless, I maintain that it remains possible to draw a line (...)
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  18.  20
    How to Prove the Existence of God: An Argument for Conjoined Panentheism.Elizabeth D. Burns - 2019 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion (1):5-21.
    This article offers an argument for a form of panentheism in which the divine is conceived as both ‘God the World’ and ‘God the Good’. ‘God the World’ captures the notion that the totality of everything which exists is ‘in’ God, while acknowledging that, given evil and suffering, not everything is ‘of’ God. ‘God the Good’ encompasses the idea that God is also the universal concept of Goodness, akin to Plato’s Form of the Good as developed by Iris Murdoch, which (...)
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  19.  5
    Synthesizing Aquinas and Newman on Religion.Matthew D. Walz - 2019 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion:1-26.
    In this paper I carry out a philosophical inquiry that yields an account of religion as a personal disposition. This exercise is also expository, since I take my bearings from two thinkers, Thomas Aquinas and John Henry Newman. Regarding Aquinas, this means delineating his treatment of the virtue of ‘religio’ in the ‘Summa theologiae’; regarding Newman, it means attending to his description of the experience of being religious in ‘Grammar of Assent’. The resulting account captures both the “objective face” of (...)
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