Japanese Journal of Political Science

ISSNs: 1468-1099, 1474-0060

31 found

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  1.  25
    Islam and Democracy – A Dynamic Perspective.Naiwei Chen & Tsai-Chen Yang - 2016 - Japanese Journal of Political Science 17 (3):329-364.
    This study examines the relationship between Islam and democracy with emphasis on the issue of whether and how Islam has bearings on democratic adjustment speed. Using comprehensive data on 17 Asian countries from 1996 to 2010, the study demonstrates that religion is a significant factor for determining democracy. Results indicate that the level of democracy in Islamic countries is generally lower than that in non-Islamic countries. However, the level of democracy in Islamic countries exhibits an upward trend, whereas that in (...)
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  2.  31
    The Origins of Political Trust in East Asian Democracies: Psychological, Cultural, and Institutional Arguments.Eunjung Choi & Jongseok Woo - 2016 - Japanese Journal of Political Science 17 (3):410-426.
    While the importance of social and political trust has been well documented, there is a lack of scholarly consensus over where trust originates. This article tests three theoretical arguments – social-psychological, social-cultural, and political institutional – on the origin of political trust against three East Asian democracies. The empirical analysis from the AsiaBarometer survey illustrates that political institutional theory best explains the origin of political trust in East Asian cases. Citizens of these East Asian democracies have a high level of (...)
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  3.  34
    ‘Gender’ Problems in Japanese Politics: A Dispute over a Socio-Cultural Change towards Increasing Equality.Mikiko Eto - 2016 - Japanese Journal of Political Science 17 (3):365-385.
    ‘Gender ’ is a troublesome loanword in Japan. While this term has been prevalent in feminist and scholarly circles, it has evoked confusion in the government and stimulated a backlash from the ultra-conservatives against gender equality. Japanese reactionaries have attacked the concept of gender because of their anxiety about cultural destruction – I thus call them the ‘old guard’. Focusing on a dispute over the term ‘gender’ between feminists and the old guard, this paper examines the changes in the term's (...)
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  4.  5
    Elusive East Asia: Methodological Suggestions for the Study of East Asian Security.Yong-soo Eun - 2016 - Japanese Journal of Political Science 17 (3):451-467.
    This article attempts to fill a gap in International Relations literature on East Asian security. ‘East Asia’ appears to be mostly an indeterminate conceptual construct, allowing scholars to look selectively at those aspects and areas that could justify their security thesis, albeit security dynamics in the region are all too difficult to comprehend and predict. This problem has been frequently pointed out in IR literature, but its methodological implications and suggestions have neither been appropriately illuminated nor been systematically offered, and (...)
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  5.  48
    Toward Modelling a Global Social Contract: Jean-Jacques Rousseau and John Locke.Takashi Inoguchi & L. E. Lien Thi Quynh - 2016 - Japanese Journal of Political Science 17 (3):489-522.
    The paper attempts to construct a global model of a social contract using well-known metaphors of two great philosophers: Jean-Jacques Rousseau and John Locke. By modelling a global social contract, I mean the formulation of a social contract using two sets of data: one is global citizens' preferences about values and norms while the other is sovereign states' participation in multilateral treaties. Both Rousseau and Locke formulate their versions of social contract theories in the national context of eighteenth-century Europe. This (...)
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  6.  20
    Exploring the Crisis of the Reform Movement in Iran.Seyed Amir Niakooee - 2016 - Japanese Journal of Political Science 17 (3):386-409.
    The Second Khordad Movement was a democratic social movement in contemporary Iran. Investigation of this movement revealed two images, of flourish and of decline, as the movement was first generally successful until early 2000 and thereafter began to regress from the spring of that year onwards. The purpose of this article is to provide a comprehensive framework in which to examine the reasons behind the movement's failure and regression. To this end, the study utilizes the literature on social movements, especially (...)
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  7.  22
    Kurdish Regional Self-rule Administration in Syria: A new Model of Statehood and its Status in International Law Compared to the Kurdistan Regional Government (KRG) in Iraq.Loqman Radpey - 2016 - Japanese Journal of Political Science 17 (3):468-488.
    Having been supressed and denied their rights by successive Syrian governments over the years, Syrian Kurds are now asserting a de facto autonomy. Since the withdrawal of the Syrian President's forces from the ethnically Kurdish areas in the early months of the current civil war, the inhabitants have declared a self-rule government along the lines of the Kurdistan regional government in northern Iraq. For Syrian Kurds, the creation of a small autonomous region is a dream fulfilled, albeit one unrecognized by (...)
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  8.  19
    Societal pessimism in Japan, the United States, and The Netherlands.Pepijn van Houwelingen - 2016 - Japanese Journal of Political Science 17 (3):427-450.
    This paper starts out with a theoretical argument, based on panel data, that public mood in general and societal pessimism in particular should be measured from an explicitly temporal perspective. Next, based on a survey among more than 200 Japanese students and a wide array of existing data sources in three different languages and covering several decades it is shown that public mood in three quite different countries – first and foremost Japan, but also the United States and The Netherlands (...)
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  9.  5
    Junichirō Shiratori, ‘Keizai Taikoku’ Nihon no Gaikō: Enerugī Shigen Gaikō no Keisei, 1967–1974 nen [The Energy Resource Diplomacy of a Rising Japan, 1967–1974], Chikura Shobō, 2015, 410 pp. [REVIEW]Makio Yamada - 2016 - Japanese Journal of Political Science 17 (3):523-525.
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  10.  33
    Electoral Innovation in Competitive Authoritarian States: A Case for the Nominated Member of Parliament (NMP) in Singapore.Walid Jumblatt Abdullah - 2016 - Japanese Journal of Political Science 17 (2):190-207.
    This article investigates the efficacy of a form of electoral innovation unique to the island-state of Singapore, the Nominated Member of Parliament scheme, and its impact on democratic governance, in light of the changing political landscape. A comparative perspective will be employed and broader conclusions on electoral engineering will be reached, especially for democratizing countries. Contrary to conventional scholarly wisdom, I argue that the NMP scheme can actually boost democratic representation in the country, considering the changing political landscape in the (...)
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  11.  27
    Culture, Citizenship Norms, and Political Participation: Empirical Evidence from Taiwan.Wen-Chun Chang - 2016 - Japanese Journal of Political Science 17 (2):256-277.
    This study investigates the role of religion in shaping the norms of citizenship from a cultural perspective for an East Asian country that exhibits fundamental differences in social contexts from Western advanced democracies. Using data drawn from the Taiwan Social Change Survey, we find that the Eastern religions of Buddhism, Taoism, and Folk Religions are important for explaining the formation of the concept of being a good citizen. This study further examines the relationships between citizenship norms and various conventional and (...)
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  12.  63
    An Unfinished ‘Diplomacy of Encounter’ – Asia and the West 1500–2015.Alan Chong - 2016 - Japanese Journal of Political Science 17 (2):208-231.
    Asian diplomatic practices consistently frustrate western policymakers. This, I argue, is due in large part to cultural factors and the differences in interpreting political modernization. I will identify the features that contribute to a ‘diplomacy of encounter’ by, firstly, performing a historical reading of early indigenous annals that treat diplomacy in Asia, as well as of Jesuit and Portuguese encounters with Asia in the 1500s and 1600s; secondly, by reading a sample of nationalist tracts from Asia between the late 1800s (...)
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  13.  12
    Thomas Hale, David Held, and Kevin Young, Gridlock: Why Global Cooperation Is Failing When We Need It Most, Polity Press, 2013, 1380 pp. [REVIEW]Jean-Marc Coicaud & Lynette E. Sieger - 2016 - Japanese Journal of Political Science 17 (2):322-324.
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  14.  16
    ‘Ducking and Diving’: How Political Issues Affect Equivocation in Japanese Political Interviews.Ofer Feldman, Ken Kinoshita & Peter Bull - 2016 - Japanese Journal of Political Science 17 (2):141-167.
    This paper examines how Japanese leading politicians cope with the communication problems posed during televised political interviews. Based on data gathered during the year 2012 equivocation, thereby to also assess the significance of these talk shows in the broader context of political communication in Japan.
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  15.  16
    Making Policy with Bureaucrats and Experts: The Dilemma of Citizen Members in the Participatory Pension Reforms in Japan.Sunil Kim - 2016 - Japanese Journal of Political Science 17 (2):278-300.
    Documenting how the Japanese state responded to increasing social discontent during initiation of unpopular welfare reforms, this study examines the factors that hindered the political empowerment of civil society despite the timely introduction of participatory policymaking institutions. The Japanese government opted in the early 2000s to introduce a participatory method to initiate the unpopular pension reform. Deliberation councils were established to encourage open discussions among government policymakers and committee members, including citizen representatives. The final outcomes of the deliberations, however, were (...)
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  16.  31
    Decentralization and Participation: Theory and Ghana's Evidence.Abdulai Kuyini Mohammed - 2016 - Japanese Journal of Political Science 17 (2):232-255.
    Decentralization is predicted to increase popular participation in all processes, and especially decision-making at the local level. Through the analysis of interview data and secondary information, this claim was tested in five districts in Ghana. The evidence showed that contrary to theory, formal and informal procedures for participation are inadequate and irregular. Although the spaces for participation have been established and expanded, these are dominated by males with educated and professional backgrounds as well as the rich and influential with access (...)
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  17.  23
    Linus Hagstrom Identity Change and Foreign Policy: Japan and its ‘Others’, Routledge, 166 pp.Kosuke Shimizu - 2016 - Japanese Journal of Political Science 17 (2):324-327.
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  18.  27
    Why Do Voters Change Their Evaluations of a President? A Taiwanese Case.Yen-Chen Tang & Alex Chuan-Hsien Chang - 2016 - Japanese Journal of Political Science 17 (2):301-321.
    In this paper, we analyze how citizens evaluate their president, especially focusing on why voters lower their evaluations at an individual-level perspective. We assert that citizens raise their evaluations of a new president when their expectations are met and lower their opinions when his or her performance disappoints them. Furthermore, the evaluations of the president are not only affected by a government's economic and diplomatic performance, but are also influenced by individual awareness of salient political issues, the contents of the (...)
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  19.  12
    An Opportunity for Backing Down: Looking for an Electoral Connection to Audience Costs.Kiyotaka Yasui & Ryo Nakai - 2016 - Japanese Journal of Political Science 17 (2):168-189.
    This paper explores the time-inconsistency problem of audience costs in international disputes. The nature of democracy makes it difficult for leaders to back down from earlier diplomatic positions in an international dispute, out of fear of domestic political costs. Few studies have addressed the temporal aspect of such costs. This study argues that election timing impinges on the extent to which the audience cost mechanism works, and consequently, on state conflict behavior. While competitive elections are central to the political accountability (...)
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  20.  43
    Maszumi Wakatabe, Japan's Great Stagnation and Abenomics: Lessons for the World, Palgrave Macmillan, 2015, 209 pp. [REVIEW]Barry Eichengreen - 2016 - Japanese Journal of Political Science 17 (1):128-129.
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  21.  9
    The Electoral Fortunes of Taiwan's Green Party: 1996–2012.Dafydd Fell & Yen-wen Peng - 2016 - Japanese Journal of Political Science 17 (1):63-83.
    The Green Party Taiwan represents an important case both for scholars of environmental politics but also Taiwanese politics. Established in 1996, it is the oldest Asian green party and is one of the most active parties in the Asia-Pacific Greens network. The party has enjoyed mixed electoral fortunes. After promising early election results, the GPT virtually ceased contesting elections between 2000 and 2005. However, from 2006 the party began a gradual revival in its vote shares. This process culminated in the (...)
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  22.  19
    How Socialization Shapes Chinese Views of America and the World.Peter Hays Gries & Matthew Sanders - 2016 - Japanese Journal of Political Science 17 (1):1-21.
    Urban Chinese today do not appear to trust foreign countries. Why are they so suspicious? Over the past quarter century, the Chinese Communist Party has utilized its educational and propaganda systems to produce historical narratives of imperial China's beneficence towards its East Asian neighbors, and of an early modern at the hands of foreign powers. Qualitative analysis of Chinese social media today suggests that these narratives are tied to widespread popular distrust of China's East Asian neighbors and the West today. (...)
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  23.  32
    Jeffrey L. Richey, Confucius in East Asia: Confucianism's History in China, Korea, Japan, and Vietnam, Association of Asian Studies, 2013, xvii + 99 pp. [REVIEW]Peitao Jia - 2016 - Japanese Journal of Political Science 17 (1):137-139.
  24.  21
    Social Network Model of Political Participation in Japan.Aie-rie Lee - 2016 - Japanese Journal of Political Science 17 (1):44-62.
    The objective of the study is to re-examine the Verba, Nie, and Kim 's path-breaking analysis of political participation and political equality, under the inclusion of a social network model in Japan. In particular, the present research investigates how and why we find the extremely low correlations between one's socio-economic resource level and political participation in Japan, the evidence unsatisfactorily explained by the VNK analysis. Building on the social network model and employing the first wave of the Asian Barometer survey (...)
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  25.  18
    Trading in Vain? Investigating the Philippines' Development-oriented National Security and Free Trade Linkages.Michael I. Magcamit - 2016 - Japanese Journal of Political Science 17 (1):84-105.
    This paper examines the manner through which the Philippine government has utilized free trade in pursuing its development-oriented national security policies and strategies in the twenty-first century. It argues that against the backdrop of uneven economic development being perpetuated by a deeply entrenched oligarchic system and patronage culture, the primary referent of Philippine national security is its diminishing development space. Despite the government rhetoric with regard to the role of inclusive development in enhancing national security, the Philippine political economy remains (...)
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  26.  13
    Oliviero Frattolillo, Diplomacy in Japan‒EU Relations: From the Cold War to the Post-Bipolar Era, Routledge, 2013, 352 pp. [REVIEW]Hitoshi Suzuki - 2016 - Japanese Journal of Political Science 17 (1):135-137.
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  27.  10
    Evelyn Goh, The Struggle for Order: Hegemony, Hierarchy and Transition in Post-Cold War East Asia, Oxford University Press, 2012, xvii + 267 pp. [REVIEW]Motoshi Suzuki - 2016 - Japanese Journal of Political Science 17 (1):133-135.
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  28.  9
    Joseph Cirincione, Nuclear Nightmares: Securing the World before It Is Too Late, Columbia University press, 2013, 266 pp. [REVIEW]Ramesh Thakur - 2016 - Japanese Journal of Political Science 17 (1):129-131.
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  29.  15
    The Pendulum Swings: Experiences from the LDP on Democratizing Party Leadership Selection.Ying Wang - 2016 - Japanese Journal of Political Science 17 (1):106-127.
    Empowering the rank and file members in choosing a party leader has become an increasing trend in parliamentary democracies. This study examines the process of adopting more inclusive methods to choose a party leader in the Liberal Democratic Party of Japan. The LDP introduced a national primary to elect a leader in 1978. However, this first attempt to open up the party leadership selection was soon replaced by traditional coalition-making politics. In this regard, the LDP is different from most of (...)
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  30.  24
    A Failure in ‘Designed Citizenship’: A Case Study in a Minority-Han Merger School in Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region.Lin Yi - 2016 - Japanese Journal of Political Science 17 (1):22-43.
    Drawing upon the theses of State racism, homo sacer, and safe citizenship, and fieldwork data collected from a multiethnic primary school in Xinjiang, this paper examines the way in which the state agencies of the local government, the school and mainstream citizens design citizenship for Uyghurs, and how Uyghurs interpret and act upon their citizenship. The findings show why, and how, designed citizenship by the mainstream system for Uyghurs has failed to produce a desirably productive force for the prosperity of (...)
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  31.  25
    David P. Rapkin and William R. Thompson, Transition Scenarios, China and the United States in the Twenty-First Century, The University of Chicago Press, 2013.Zheng Yongnian - 2016 - Japanese Journal of Political Science 17 (1):131-133.
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