18 found

Year:

  1.  6
    Ethical Rationale for Better Coordination of Clinical Research on COVID-19.Francois Bompart - 2020 - Research Ethics 16 (3-4):1-10.
    Hundreds of clinical trials of potential treatments and vaccines for the “coronavirus 19 disease” have been set up in record time. This is a remarkable reaction to the global pandemic, but the absence of a global coordination of clinical research efforts raises serious ethical concerns. Some COVID-19 patients might carry the burden of clinical trial involvement even though their trial cannot be completed as researchers are competing for patients. A shortage of medicines can occur when existing drugs are diverted for (...)
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  2. Pandemic Ethics: The Case for Risky Research.Richard Yetter Chappell & Peter Singer - 2020 - Research Ethics 16 (3-4):1-8.
    There is too much that we do not know about COVID-19. The longer we take to find it out, the more lives will be lost. In this paper, we will defend a principle of risk parity: if it is permissible...
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  3.  3
    Ethical Research in the COVID-19 Era Demands Care, Solidarity and Trustworthiness.Kate Chatfield & Doris Schroeder - 2020 - Research Ethics 16 (3-4):1-4.
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  4.  6
    Pandemic Vaccine Trials: Expedite, but Don’T Rush.Angus Dawson - 2020 - Research Ethics 16 (3-4):1-12.
    It has been proposed that the urgency of having a vaccine as a response to SARS-CoV-2 is so great, given the potential health, economic and social benefits that we should override the established s...
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  5.  1
    The Ethics of COVID-19 Tracking Apps – Challenges and Voluntariness.Renate Klar & Dirk Lanzerath - 2020 - Research Ethics 16 (3-4):1-9.
    As COVID-19 continues to spread, a variety of COVID-19 tracking apps have been introduced to help contain the pandemic. Deployment of this technology poses serious challenges of effectiveness, technological problems and risks to privacy and equity. The ethical use of CTAs depends heavily on the protection of voluntariness. Voluntary use of CTAs implies not only the absence of a legal obligation to employ the app but also the absence of more subtle forms of coercion such as enforced exclusion from certain (...)
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  6.  2
    Fostering Ethical Biomedical and Health Research in India During the COVID-19 Pandemic.Nandini K. Kumar & Vasantha Muthuswamy - 2020 - Research Ethics 16 (3-4):1-10.
    The COVID-19 pandemic has brought unprecedented, major challenges to the ethical conduct of research including challenges for the rapid and robust ethical review of biomedical research. The Indian...
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  7.  14
    COVID-19 Human Challenge Trials – What Research Ethics Committees Need to Consider.Lisa Tambornino & Dirk Lanzerath - 2020 - Research Ethics 16 (3-4):1-11.
    To reduce the global burden of the COVID-19 pandemic, there is an urgent need to develop a safe vaccine. Vaccine development usually takes many years as it goes through several different phases. To hasten COVID-19 vaccine development, it has been suggested that the final stage could be replaced with a human challenge trial. Volunteers would be intentionally infected with SARS-CoV-2 to see how the vaccine candidate works. To intentionally infect a healthy human being with a potentially deadly virus is contrary (...)
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  8.  4
    COVID-19: Africa’s Relation with Epidemics and Some Imperative Ethics Considerations of the Moment.Godfrey B. Tangwa & Nchangwi Syntia Munung - 2020 - Research Ethics 16 (3-4):1-11.
    COVID-19 is a very complex pandemic. It has affected individuals, different countries and regions of the world equally in some senses and differently in other senses. While sub-Saharan Africa has weathered a range of outbreaks of emerging and re-emerging infectious diseases, the manner in which the COVID-19 pandemic has evolved necessitates some observations, remarks and conclusions from our own situated observation point. Compared to previous epidemics/pandemics, many African countries have displayed a sense of solidarity in the face of COVID-19 that (...)
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  9.  1
    Islamic Concepts in Ethics of Pediatric Clinical Research.Areej A. G. AlFattani & Hala AlAlem - 2020 - Research Ethics 16 (1-2):1-11.
    Background:Medical research on children has increased in the last 20 years. International ethical regulations for conducting clinical research on children may not pertain to Muslim communities wher...
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  10.  2
    What Constitutes Expertise in Research Ethics and Integrity?Robert Braun, Tine Ravn & Elisabeth Frankus - 2020 - Research Ethics 16 (1-2):1-16.
    In this paper we reflect on the looming question of what constitutes expertise in ethics. Based on an empirical program that involved qualitative and quantitative as well as participatory research...
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  11.  3
    Should Research Misconduct Be Criminalized?Rafael Dal-Ré, Lex M. Bouter, Pim Cuijpers, Christian Gluud & Søren Holm - 2020 - Research Ethics 16 (1-2):1-12.
    For more than 25 years, research misconduct is defined as fabrication, falsification, or plagiarism —although other research misbehaviors have been also added in codes of cond...
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  12.  2
    The Introduction of Research Ethics Review Procedures at a University in South Africa: Review Outcomes of a Social Science Research Ethics Committee.Simeon E. H. Davies - 2020 - Research Ethics 16 (1-2):1-26.
    The research ethics committee is a key element of university administration and has gained increasing importance as a review mechanism for those institutions that wish to conduct responsible...
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  13.  3
    Authorship Order and Effects of Changing Bibliometrics Practices.Gert Helgesson - 2020 - Research Ethics 16 (1-2):1-7.
    Although the authorship order on published research plays a significant role for scientific merit in many research contexts, and therefore should be handled with great care not least for the sake o...
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  14.  2
    Ethical Reflections on Children’s Participation in Educational Research During Humanitarian Crises.Fabiana Maglio & Tejendra Pherali - 2020 - Research Ethics 16 (1-2):1-19.
    This paper aims to reflect upon ethical dilemmas arising from educational research in humanitarian contexts, particularly when involving children. In recognition of the paucity of knowledge on how...
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  15.  2
    Ethically Important Moments as Data: Reflections From Ethnographic Fieldwork in Prisons.Carol Robinson - 2020 - Research Ethics 16 (1-2):1-15.
    Qualitative researchers often face unpredictable ethical issues during fieldwork. These may be regarded as ethical dilemmas that need to be ‘solved’, but Guillemin and Gillam’s concept of ‘ethicall...
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  16.  2
    Editorial: The Unexpected Power of Research Ethics.Doris Schroeder, Kate Chatfield & Sarah Edwards - 2020 - Research Ethics 16 (1-2):1-3.
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  17.  2
    What Do Patients Value as Incentives for Participation in Clinical Trials? A Pilot Discrete Choice Experiment.Akke Vellinga, Colum Devine, Min Yun Ho, Colin Clarke, Patrick Leahy, Jane Bourke, Declan Devane, Sinead Duane & Patricia Kearney - 2020 - Research Ethics 16 (1-2):1-12.
    Incentivising has shown to improve participation in clinical trials. However, ethical concerns suggest that incentives may be coercive, obscure trial risks and encourage individuals to enrol in cli...
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  18.  3
    Preventing Ethics Dumping: The Challenges for Kenyan Research Ethics Committees.Kate Chatfield, Doris Schroeder, Anastasia Guantai, Kirana Bhatt, Elizabeth Bukusi, Joyce Adhiambo Odhiambo, Julie Cook & Joshua Kimani - 2020 - Research Ethics:174701612092506.
    Ethics dumping is the practice of undertaking research in a low- or middle-income setting which would not be permitted, or would be severely restricted, in a high-income setting. Whilst Kenya operates a sophisticated research governance system, resource constraints and the relatively low number of accredited research ethics committees limit the capacity for ensuring ethical compliance. As a result, Kenya has been experiencing cases of ethics dumping. This article presents 11 challenges in the context of preventing ethics dumping in Kenya, namely (...)
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