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  1.  1
    Axiological Justification of the Objective Norm by Heinrich Rickert.Aleksander Bobko - 2020 - Ethics and Bioethics (in Central Europe) 10 (3-4):173-178.
    The aim of this paper is to show the main thesis concerning the theory of cognition of the eminent neo-Kantian Heinrich Rickert, as presented in his work “Der Gegenstand der Erkenntnis”. On the one hand, Rickert finds out that thinking is fated to “clash with nothingness”, thus creating a temptation to reject all rigours and to yield to complete discretion. On the other hand, he attributes axiological status to nothingness which subjects thinking to a particular kind of “ought”. In his (...)
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  2.  2
    Cultivated Character: Voltaire and Karel Čapek on the Good Gardener.Daniel Brennan - 2020 - Ethics and Bioethics (in Central Europe) 10 (3-4):179-189.
    The paper unpacks the nuanced ethical potential in the metaphor of gardening that is depicted in Karel Čapek’s The Gardener’s Year, and the relevance of Čapek’s metaphor for understanding Voltaire’s famously ambiguous ending to Candide. Against more pessimistic or passive accounts of what Candide could have meant, the paper agrees with scholars who consider Candide’s maxim as meaning to engage in active, and communal practise of character development. By using Čapek’s much fuller account of the gardener in the practice of (...)
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  3. What is Critical in the Anthropocene? A Discussion of Four Conceptual Problems From the Environmental-Political Philosophy Perspective.Daniel Buschmann - 2020 - Ethics and Bioethics (in Central Europe) 10 (3-4):190-202.
    The Anthropocene confronts environmental philosophy with one of the most urgent questions of the 21st century: How to maintain the earth’s condition in a way that allows current and future human generations to thrive? By asking such a question, ethical thought ceases to be solely a matter of individuality or morality. Instead, it raises a political issue: How can or should environmental philosophy relate to society in the Anthropocene? This article argues for a critical perspective that draws on contemporary historic (...)
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  4.  4
    Virtual Reality and Imagination - a Possible Ethical Framework Based on the Thought of Gregory of Nazianzus.Václav Ježek - 2020 - Ethics and Bioethics (in Central Europe) 10 (3-4):116-132.
    The present article discusses the thoughts of Gregory of Nazianzus in relation to virtual reality especially man-made virtual reality in all its forms. We argue that the benefits of virtual reality, such as freedom, imagination, creativity can be paradoxically curtailed by virtual reality itself, since it is highly subjective and as its medium shows, can be an a priori matrix and prison for the human being. Gregory of Nazianzus, building his theology on a firm basis on substance and contemplation, offers (...)
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  5.  4
    The Abyss, or the Insufficiency of Ethical Nihilism for Nietzsche’s Übermensch.Jan Gresil Kahambing - 2020 - Ethics and Bioethics (in Central Europe) 10 (3-4):155-172.
    In this paper, I critique the prevalent notion that only in the abyss can one emerge to be the Übermensch, or to use Hollingdale’s term, the Superman. To support this, I will first expound on the notion of the abyss as ethical nihilism from the perspective of the death of God to Nietzsche’s critique of morality. I argue that ethical nihilism as an abyss is insufficient in constituting Nietzsche’s Superman. I will then set how the Superman emerges through counter-stages. The (...)
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  6.  7
    Euthanasia as an Issue in Ethics of Social Consequences?Ján Kalajtzidis - 2020 - Ethics and Bioethics (in Central Europe) 10 (3-4):221-229.
    The main aim of the presented paper is to look for an answer as to whether and how euthanasia reflected is in ethics of social consequences. Ethics of social consequences is a contemporary Slovak ethical theory with an original approach to delimitating moral agency. The paper puts this definition to the test while considering the main focus of the paper – responding to the question of whether euthanasia and end of life can be understood as a moral uncertainty. The intention (...)
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  7. Ethical Aspects of the Non-Romantic Thinking of Jonáš Záborský and Štefan Launer.Pavol Krištof - 2020 - Ethics and Bioethics (in Central Europe) 10 (3-4):146-154.
    The paper focuses on the thinking of Jonáš Záborský and Štěpán Launer, which were marginalized in Slovak national-forming thinking. Emphasis is placed on the comparison between non-romantic nationalism and Štúr’s ethnic enthusiasm. Attention is paid to the value of their thinking, which can be analyzed in the context of reflections in the role of cultural identity in Štúr’s conception of culture and its place in relation to European cultural and civilizational affiliation. At the same time, the critique of romantic thinking (...)
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  8. Freedom in the Society of Control: Ethical Challenges.Yevhen Laniuk - 2020 - Ethics and Bioethics (in Central Europe) 10 (3-4):203-220.
    The Society of Control is a philosophical concept developed by Gilles Deleuze in the early 1990s to highlight the transition from Michel Foucault’s Disciplinary Society to a new social constitution of power assisted by digital technologies. The Society of Control is organized around switches, which convert data, and, in this way, exercise power. These switches take data inputs and transform them into outputs based on their pre-programmed instructions. I call these switches “automated decision-making algorithms” and look at ethical issues that (...)
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  9. Ethics of Responsibility in Ján Palárik’s Civic Liberalism.Marcel Martinkovič - 2020 - Ethics and Bioethics (in Central Europe) 10 (3-4):133-145.
    The development of the individual attributes of ethics of responsibility in conjunction with the principles of civic liberalism in Slovak political thought is associated with the thinking of Ján Palárik. His political ideas published in the second half of the 19th century come out of an effort to characterize and achieve reform of the Habsburg monarchy on the basis of constitutionalism and federalism. These attributes, in Palárik’s opinion, were to bring more effective solutions to the issue of educating people in (...)
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  10. The Moral Power of the Word: Ethical Literature in Antiquity.Przemysław Paczkowski - 2020 - Ethics and Bioethics (in Central Europe) 10 (3-4):107-115.
    According to an old legend, during the Messenian Wars in Laconia in the 8th and 7th centuries BC, the Athenians sent the poet Tyrtaeus to the Spartans who were close to being defeated; he aroused in them the fighting spirit and renewed Spartan virtues. Philosophers in antiquity believed in the psychagogical power of the word, and this belief provided the foundation for ancient ethical literature, whose main purpose was to call for a spiritual transformation and to convert to philosophy. In (...)
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  11.  5
    Inappropriate Hemodialysis Treatment and Palliative Care.Štefánia Andraščíková, Zuzana Novotná & Rudolf Novotný - 2020 - Ethics and Bioethics (in Central Europe) 10 (1-2):48-58.
    The paper discusses inappropriate treatment by analyzing the casuistics of palliative patients in the terminal stage of illness who are hospitalized at the Department of Internal Medicine and Geriatrics of the Faculty hospital with policlinic. Our research applies the principles of palliative care in the context of bioethics. The existing clinical conditions of healthcare in Slovakia are characteristic of making a taboo of the issues of inappropriate treatment of palliative patients. Inductive-deductive and normative clinical bioethics methods of palliative care and (...)
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  12.  8
    Prolonged Life and Good Death in Antiquity.Denis Bugaev & Svetlana Martynova - 2020 - Ethics and Bioethics (in Central Europe) 10 (1-2):1-9.
    This paper studies the connections between the notions of prolonging life and a good death in Antiquity. It is demonstrated that while prolonged life generally meant forestalling the human constitution’s death, ancient philosophers also pointed to the limitations of prolongation. The paper shows how philosophers welcomed prolonged life when it was shown to foster movement toward the good, such as self-realization and social usefulness. Yet, they rejected prolongation when it led to the perpetuation of evil, such as social uselessness and (...)
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  13.  3
    The Liverpool Care Pathway for the Dying Patient: Euthanasia Through the Back Door, or the Sign of Poor Death Education?Allan R. Jones - 2020 - Ethics and Bioethics (in Central Europe) 10 (1-2):40-47.
    The Liverpool Care Pathway for the Dying Patient was an integrated care pathway for patients in the final days or hours of life, developed at the Royal Liverpool University Hospital in conjunction with the Marie Curie Palliative Care Institute, Liverpool. The LCP became increasingly the normative style of care for patients in the terminal stage across NHS England from the 1990s onwards. Following significant questions raised in Parliament, by the media and other stakeholders, an independent review panel was established under (...)
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  14.  5
    Dying in Dignity.Marcus Knaup - 2020 - Ethics and Bioethics (in Central Europe) 10 (1-2):10-19.
    The question of what might constitute “good dying” is a sensitive subject that is being discussed and is socially and politically controversial. My contribution discusses whether a reference to concepts such as autonomy and dignity in the debate over suicide and euthanasia is in fact convincing. Important impulses for the train of thought stem from Kantian philosophy. I will argue that suicide, as presented by Kant, is not an expression of autonomy, but exactly the opposite: an expression of heteronomy.
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  15.  4
    Unethical Practices in the Slovak Business Environment: Entrepreneurs Vs. The State?Anna Lašáková & Anna Remišová - 2020 - Ethics and Bioethics (in Central Europe) 10 (1-2):78-95.
    This paper critically analyses one of the unexpected results of qualitative research aimed at detecting the presence of unethical business practices in Slovakia. The authors seek to find out why entrepreneurs participating in this research do not take responsibility for the development of business ethics and why, in their primary reflections on unethical practices in the Slovak business environment, have they shifted it almost completely to the State level, and whether their attitude is morally justified. The main theoretical foundation in (...)
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  16.  3
    The Ethical Dimension of Erotic Self-Education and Development Ethics.Liliya Morska & Grzegorz Grzybek - 2020 - Ethics and Bioethics (in Central Europe) 10 (1-2):69-77.
    The ethical dimension of sexual education can referred to morality, religion and the ethos of life. Morality and religion exert pressure on certain behavior patterns. “Ethical eroticism” in relation to the theory of Development ethics implies a positive integration of sexuality with the ethos of life. “Ethical eroticism” in this area is not identical to sexual morality. Sexual morality is an external element as comprehended by a person, while “ethical eroticism” based on the ethos of life expresses a person’s moral (...)
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  17.  8
    Perceptions of the Importance of Business Ethics in SMEs: A Comparative Study of Czech and Slovak Entrepreneurs.Zoltán Rozsa, Josef Maroušek, Khuramm Ajaz Khan & Jaroslav Belás - 2020 - Ethics and Bioethics (in Central Europe) 10 (1-2):96-106.
    This article focuses on the perception of the importance of business ethics among Czech and Slovak entrepreneurs within the SME sector. The comparison is based on an analysis of the approach to business ethics according to a set of parameters, namely company size, years in business, and the gender and education of the entrepreneurs. Empirical research was conducted in 2020 on a sample set consisting of 454 respondents in the Czech Republic and 368 respondents in Slovakia. The most important outcome (...)
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  18.  8
    Current Issues in Aesthetics and Beyond: Revisiting Lookism.Peter Takáč - 2020 - Ethics and Bioethics (in Central Europe) 10 (1-2):59-68.
    Lookism is a term used to describe discrimination based on the physical appearance of a person. We suppose that the social impact of lookism is a philosophical issue, because, from this perspective, attractive people have an advantage over others. The first line of our argumentation involves the issue of lookism as a global ethical and aesthetical phenomenon. A person’s attractiveness has a significant impact on the social and public status of this individual. The common view in society is that it (...)
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  19.  4
    The Limits of Libertarianism in Debates Over Euthanasia and the Application of Moral Fictionalism in Bioethics.Michal Trčka - 2020 - Ethics and Bioethics (in Central Europe) 10 (1-2):30-39.
    This text focuses on selected basic arguments of libertarianism that could be found in certain debates on the moral issues of euthanasia and the application of moral fictionalism in bioethics. Firstly, I devote my article to the criticism of libertarian arguments in a wider perspective of moral philosophy. The article is based on an approach that understands morality as a kind of social practice and the primary goal is to grasp the key theoretical concepts which are included in the mechanism (...)
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  20.  12
    To Live is to Die: A Virtue Account of Arguments for the Right to Die.Franlu Vulliermet - 2020 - Ethics and Bioethics (in Central Europe) 10 (1-2):20-29.
    In recent years, debates about euthanasia and assisted suicide have increased to the point that now, many people defend the recognition of the right to die, the right for people to decide upon the end of their life. Consistently, advocates fight to legalise practices such as euthanasia to guarantee patients’ possibility to die when they request it. In this paper, I review two of the strongest arguments invoked by proponents of physician-assisted suicide: the argument for compassion and the argument for (...)
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