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  1.  1
    Kafka: Crime and Punishment.Timo Airaksinen - 2019 - Ethics and Bioethics (in Central Europe) 9 (3-4):148-158.
    When we read The Trial and In the Penal Colony together, we read about the logic of law, crime, punishment, and guilt. Of course, we cannot know the law, or, as Kafka writes, we cannot enter the law. I interpret the idea in this way: the law opens a gate to the truth. Alas, no one can enter the law, or come to know the truth, as Kafka says. The consequences are devastating: one cannot know the name of one’s own (...)
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  2. Jiří Menzel’s Treatment of Sacrifice.Daniel Brennan - 2019 - Ethics and Bioethics (in Central Europe) 9 (3-4):208-220.
    The paper explores the philosophical treatment of sacrifice in four of Jiří Menzel’s films of the 1960’s, Closely observed trains, Capricious summer, Mr Balthazar’s death, his short film contribution to the anthology film of the New Wave, Pearls of the deep, and Larks on a string. The paper argues that Menzel problematizes romanticized versions of messianic sacrifice as they all too easily disregard the moral significance of mundane relations. By analysing the treatment of sacrifice in each of these films, the (...)
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  3. Kafka’s Animals Between Mimicry and Assimilation.Barbara Di Noi - 2019 - Ethics and Bioethics (in Central Europe) 9 (3-4):159-167.
    In Kafka’s literary world, several animals emerge; they belong to an odd and enigmatic fauna, on the edge between violence and artistry but also between stillness and music; according to the writer, scripture represents both the fault and the punishment waiting for the solitary artist. Animals, especially depicted as hordes of small mice or other rodents, also hint to the heterogeneous structure of the Self, who doesn’t manage to keep under control all the divisions in his ambiguous dentity. Through opposition (...)
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  4.  2
    The Literary Works as a Code of Ethics in Great Moravia.Vasil Gluchman - 2019 - Ethics and Bioethics (in Central Europe) 9 (3-4):106-118.
    The author studies selected fundamental literary records from Great Moravia of the 9th century presumably compiled, translated or created by Constantine and Methodius, the Thessaloniki brothers. In the context of defining early and medieval Christian ethics, the author concluded that the texts in question contain elements of the Christian code of ethics, by means of which Constantine and Methodius, following the model of the Byzantine Emperors Leo III and Constantine V, wished to form the social morality of Great Moravia. Based (...)
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  5.  2
    “True Peace of Mind” Allegorical Narrative as a Tool of Moral (Trans)Formation in J. A. Comenius’s Labyrinth.Jan Hábl - 2019 - Ethics and Bioethics (in Central Europe) 9 (3-4):131-138.
    Labyrinth of the world and paradise of the heart belongs to the jewels of Czech literature. The author – Jan Amos Comenius – consciously uses allegorical narrative for didactic purposes – mainly for his own moral self-reflection in the face of suffering. His method proved to be very effective. The goal of this text is to explore the potential of the literary method from the perspective of moral formation. The key question is: How did Comenius convey the moral content of (...)
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  6. Wolf Hall and Moral Personhood.Nora Hämäläinen - 2019 - Ethics and Bioethics (in Central Europe) 9 (3-4):197-207.
    Can a good man do evil things? This paper offers a moral philosophical reading of Hilary Mantel’s novels Wolf Hall and Bring up the bodies, focusing on Mantel’s fictional portrayal of Thomas Cromwell as a good person, in spite of his growing involvement in the dirty work of Henry VIII. The narrative resists interpretations of Cromwell as someone corrupted by power. It also thwarts attempts to read his deeds as results of a deficient capacity for sympathetic imagination, which has been (...)
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  7. Bioethical Motifs in the Literary Work of Karel Čapek.Petr Jemelka - 2019 - Ethics and Bioethics (in Central Europe) 9 (3-4):168-180.
    This text presents an assessment of the literary work of Karel Čapek from a perspective that has not yet been discussed. It focuses on analysing Čapek’s works from the viewpoint of their possible inspiration by bioethical issues. Čapek’s philosophy and the powerful ethical charge of his texts tend to be associated with his interest in pragmatism, a subject to which he, however, took an individual and critical approach. One of the most important categories of his way of thinking is life. (...)
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  8. Hugolín Gavlovič on Moral Education: Enlightenment Ideas in Baroque Literature?Katarína Komenská - 2019 - Ethics and Bioethics (in Central Europe) 9 (3-4):139-147.
    The work of Hugolín Gavlovič belongs is part of the most influential literary and didactic heritage of 18th century literature in the region of contemporary Slovakia. Even though Gavlovič was not a systematic moral philosopher, the role and importance of ethics in his literary work is significant. He contributed greatly to the debate on moral education, which was linked to the fulfilment of God's will and to the accomplishment of a good life. In his extensive poetic work Valaská škola mravúv (...)
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  9.  1
    On the Testimony of the Holocaust in Literature and Ethics.Stefan Konstańczak - 2019 - Ethics and Bioethics (in Central Europe) 9 (3-4):181-189.
    In the article, the author analyses the impact of the tragic experiences during the Holocaust on contemporary ethics and literature. Such considerations coincide with yet another anniversary – the liberation of the Auschwitz concentration camp, celebrated globally as Holocaust Memorial Day. The article also considers the reasons why testimonies from Holocaust survivors have not had an adequate impact on society. The author argues that trivialisation of the Holocaust tragedy occurred in modern science and it is related to the fact that (...)
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  10.  1
    Ethical Teachings of Classical Antiquity Philosophers in the Poetry of Saint Gregory of Nazianzus.Adriána Koželová & Erika Brodňanská - 2019 - Ethics and Bioethics (in Central Europe) 9 (3-4):98-105.
    The paper focuses on the ethical teachings of Classical Antiquity philosophers in the poetry of Saint Gregory of Nazianzus, especially on the parallels between the author’s work and the Cynics and the Stoics. The syncretic nature of Gregory’s work, reflected in the assimilation of the teachings of ancient philosophical schools and the then expanding Christianity creates conditions for the explanation and highlighting of basic human virtues. Gregory of Nazianzus’ legacy also draws on the teachings of such philosophers as Plato and (...)
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  11. Morals and Culture at the Time of Decameron.Rastislav Maxinčák - 2019 - Ethics and Bioethics (in Central Europe) 9 (3-4):119-130.
    The article is devoted to the theme of the moral condition during the Black Death epidemic in Florence within Boccaccio’s group of young people in his Decameron. The disease in the region of Florence caused many existential and moral tragedies. A group of young people transferred the joy of life and moral principles to the gardens outside the city of the disease. They describe different moral and philosophical thoughts in their songs at the end of each day.2 These songs represent (...)
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  12.  1
    A Bitter Diagnostic of the Ultra-Liberal Human: Michel Houellebecq on Some Ethical Issues.Ján Živčák & Zuzana Malinovská - 2019 - Ethics and Bioethics (in Central Europe) 9 (3-4):190-196.
    The paper examines the ethical dimensions of Michel Houellebecq’s works of fiction. On the basis of keen diagnostics of contemporary Western culture, this world-renowned French writer predicts the destructive social consequences of ultra-liberalism and enters into an argument with transhumanist theories. His writings, depicting the misery of contemporary man and imagining a new human species enhanced by technologies, show that neither the so-called neo-humans nor the “last man” of liberal democracies can reach happiness. The latter can only be achieved if (...)
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  13. Different Approaches to the Relationship of Life & Death.Martin Gluchman - 2019 - Ethics and Bioethics (in Central Europe) 9 (1-2):87-97.
    The paper presents different approaches to the relationship of life and death among selected authors as a review of their articles within the last volume of the Ethics & Bioethics journal. The resource of the review is an article by Peter Singer The challenge of brain death for the sanctity of life ethics. Firstly, I try to analyze the issue when death occurs and when we can talk about death as a phenomenon that each and every living human being must (...)
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  14. On the Search for Sources of Good and Evil in the Lvov-Warsaw School of Philosophy.Stefan Konstańczak - 2019 - Ethics and Bioethics (in Central Europe) 9 (1-2):37-45.
    In this article, the author attempts to identify the sources of good and evil as undertaken by the Lvov-Warsaw School of Philosophy founded by Kazimierz Twardowski. Such attempts were undertaken by both Twardowski himself and his closest students and associates; Władysław Witwicki, Tadeusz Kotarbiński. Tadeusz Czeżowski, and Kazimierz Ajdukiewicz. The best-known approach is Kotarbiński’s independent ethics in which the author refers to Aristotle perceiving such potential in the characteristics of each individual as to distinguish elementary qualities in the form of (...)
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  15.  3
    Transhumanism and the Issue of Death.Peter Kyslan - 2019 - Ethics and Bioethics (in Central Europe) 9 (1-2):71-80.
    The human issue with the concept of finality constitutes a fundamental platform for the philosophical concept of transhumanism. This paper addresses the historical-philosophical perspective of transhumanism with emphasis put on the 18th and 19th centuries, whereby possible anticipatory actions with respect to transhumanist thought are analyzed. In this sense, the need for a philosophical reflection on transhumanism is justified. The main part of this paper is aimed at philosophical and ethical questions related to cryonics as being one of the most (...)
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  16. The Rules of the Rationality of Practical Discourse in the Light of Ethics of Discourse: An Analysis of Robert Alexy’s Proposal.Guillermo Lariguet - 2019 - Ethics and Bioethics (in Central Europe) 9 (1-2):17-25.
    The author discusses the rational argumentation of the values from a proposal defended by the legal philosopher Robert Alexy. The paper shows that discourse for Alexy is essentially a regulated activity. A model of certain rules ensure the rationality and correctness of practical discourse oriented towards resolving conflicts of value. Firstly, the types of rules responsible for the rationality of practical argumentation are described. Secondly, some open problems relating to the claim to correctness of reasoned practical discourse are posed, namely (...)
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  17. Modernism and Nihilism of the Constitution for the Earth.Slavomír Lesňák - 2019 - Ethics and Bioethics (in Central Europe) 9 (1-2):57-63.
    This article uses the post-modern Nietzsche affirmation as a criterion for an analysis of the philosophical concept of the Constitution for the Earth and other texts by Josef Šmajs, the principal author of the theory of evolutionary ontology. The author draws the attention of the group of authors of the Constitution for the Earth to the risk of the modernist and nihilist application of evolutionary ontology and proposes that the theory be extended to include new criteria and methods to enable (...)
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  18.  2
    The Ethical Dimension of Consumption in a Relationship.Mira Malczyńska-Biały & Grzegorz Grzybek - 2019 - Ethics and Bioethics (in Central Europe) 9 (1-2):47-56.
    In the present thesis the characteristics of current consumer society are presented in the context of female-male relationships and any inter-human relationships. It has been shown that the ideology of consumption may have an impact on the changeability of female-male relationships, as well as on the stereotypical division of roles in a relationship. The importance of consumer ethics has here been emphasised. For this purpose, the model of erotic ethos, based on sexual aesthetics, has been discussed in this article. This (...)
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  19.  2
    “Verbindlichkeit”: Some Drafts of a Groundwork in Moral Philosophy.Werner Moskopp - 2019 - Ethics and Bioethics (in Central Europe) 9 (1-2):11-16.
    All of metaethical positions today can be replaced by a universal architecture of moral philosophy, all but one: moral realism. Here, I use the term “metaethics” to refer to any theory of ethics concerning the groundwork of ethics, on the one hand, and the inquiry of the use of philosophical words, concepts or methods on the other. In this article, I will present my hypothesis that in moral philosophy, we do not need any specialized metaethics at all. Metaethics as a (...)
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  20. Brain Death: A Response to the Commentaries.Peter Singer - 2019 - Ethics and Bioethics (in Central Europe) 9 (1-2):81-85.
    My recent article, “The challenge of brain death for the sanctity of life ethic”, 2018, 8, pp. 153–165) elicited five commentaries. In this brief response, I clarify my own position in the light of some misunderstandings, and discuss whether the definition of death is best thought of as an ethical question, or as a matter of fact. I also comment on the suggestion that we should allow people to choose the criteria by which they wish their own death to be (...)
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  21.  3
    Effective Altruism for the Poor.Jakub Synowiec - 2019 - Ethics and Bioethics (in Central Europe) 9 (1-2):27-35.
    The aim of the paper is to contribute to the debate on effective altruism. It is an attempt to present it as a universal moral proposition – not only a new charity model for the richest citizens of the world. The article starts with a definition of a hypothetical group of relatively-poor effective altruists. Their hypothetical living conditions and opportunities are juxtaposed with the theory of effective altruism developed by Peter Singer and William MacAskill and with career guides proposed by (...)
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  22.  2
    Thinking and Behaving “Otherwise”: An Anthropological Enquiry Into Utopia, Image and Ethics.Roberto Franzini Tibaldeo - 2019 - Ethics and Bioethics (in Central Europe) 9 (1-2):3-10.
    The word “utopia” was coined by Thomas More and refers to the unreal and ideal state described in his Utopia, first published in 1516. Following the example of Plato’s Republic, More as well as other thinkers and writers of the 16th and 17th century reflect on the political relevance of utopia and provide unique accounts of ideal, just, and perfect “no places”, as paradigms and standards of social, political, and religious reformation of the coeval world. However, the political significance of (...)
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  23. Animalization of Language, Therefore Death of a Man.Tomasz Turowski - 2019 - Ethics and Bioethics (in Central Europe) 9 (1-2):65-69.
    In the article, I try to emphasize that our way of using language affects moral decisions and attitudes. As we think as we speak and simultaneously, we act. By using chauvinistic language, first of all, we simplify our reality; secondly, we push those beings that we define in the language to the margins. I think that our language is homocentric and therefore leads us to speciesism.
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