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  1.  1
    Ethical foundations of Jacques Maritain’s and Michael Novak’s conception of human rights.Wendy Drozenová - 2023 - Ethics and Bioethics (in Central Europe) 13 (3-4):127-137.
    The aim of the contribution is to outline the ethical foundations in Maritain’s and Novak’s interpretation of human rights in a wider historical context and to assess its meaning for the present, with special regard to our Central European area. The issue of human rights has, in addition to its political aspect, an inherent ethical one. Fundamental human rights relate to the possibility of autonomy of a person as a moral being endowed with reason and striving for a meaningful life. (...)
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  2.  2
    A Catholic correction of Max Weber’s thesis on Protestant ethic in the view of Michael Novak.Dariusz Góra - 2023 - Ethics and Bioethics (in Central Europe) 13 (3-4):118-126.
    Max Weber’s thesis on the decisive influence of Protestant ethic on the formation and development of modern capitalism has become one of the best-known and widely shared canonical claims in social sciences. Since its publication at the beginning of the 20th century, this thesis, supported by subsequent great works by the German classic, has rarely been the subject of major controversy. The work of correcting Weber’s thesis was undertaken in the late 20th century by Michael Novak. Novak’s correction is not (...)
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  3.  6
    Between Novak and Maritain: The discussion on the capitalist economy in Catholic thought.Carlos Hoevel - 2023 - Ethics and Bioethics (in Central Europe) 13 (3-4):138-148.
    Although Novak recognizes himself as a disciple of Maritain, especially in his thesis on the Christian origins of democracy, the differences between the two in their views on the capitalist economy are evident. However, in his famous book, The Spirit of Democratic Capitalism, and in other previous works, Novak tries to show some possible bridges between Maritain’s thought and the virtues of American capitalism. This attempt is actually part of a larger project by Novak: that of showing the essential compatibility (...)
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  4.  3
    Michael Novak’s understanding of capitalism.Ján Kalajtzidis - 2023 - Ethics and Bioethics (in Central Europe) 13 (3-4):149-158.
    This paper examines the work of Michael Novak, a prominent American philosopher and theologian with roots in Central Europe. The study focuses on Novak’s understanding of democratic capitalism and its role in promoting economic growth and human flourishing. Novak argues that when properly understood and practiced, capitalism can lead to a more just and prosperous society, as it is based on the human desire for freedom, creativity, and self-expression. However, he emphasizes that the success of capitalism depends on the presence (...)
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  5.  1
    The overview of Michael Novak’s economic and political theory in the context of his relations with Poland.Stefan Konstańczak - 2023 - Ethics and Bioethics (in Central Europe) 13 (3-4):159-168.
    Michael Novak’s concept of democratic capitalism in Poland aroused great interest for several reasons. The most important of them consisted in its close relation to the teaching of the Polish Pope John Paul II. The second was its temporal coincidence with the start of a political transformation in Poland, when a model of development consistent with Polish tradition and social expectations was sought. The third was related to its Slavic roots and origin, which gained in importance given a perceived civilizational (...)
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  6.  4
    The vision of Caritapolis and perspectives of the future: The high point of Michael Novak’s work.Roman Míčka - 2023 - Ethics and Bioethics (in Central Europe) 13 (3-4):218-228.
    The pinnacle of the Novak’s reflections on possible perspectives for the future of the world and the development of international relations is his vision of “Caritapolis” (“Civilization of love”), which is presented especially in the book The universal hunger for liberty – Why the clash of civilizations is not inevitable (2004a). Novak builds the concept on the religious assumptions and on the minimum level of general belief in basic principles (cultural humility, regulative idea of truth, the dignity of the individual (...)
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  7.  2
    Understanding Novak’s Spirit of democratic capitalism through “the corporation”.Michael Pakaluk - 2023 - Ethics and Bioethics (in Central Europe) 13 (3-4):169-184.
    Many social theorists hold that the corporation is the key institution of the modern world. Novak wrote four books on the corporation, viewing it as the chief instrument of innovation within “democratic capitalism”, and the concrete entity in which its three systems (political, economic, moral-cultural) converge. We look at Novak’s account with its roots in Maritain, and at Novak’s intention to ground this account in the ideals of the American Founding, and in a Christian understanding of grace. “The corporation” turns (...)
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  8.  2
    Novak, the Commons and the spirit of scholastic reasoning.Giovanni Patriarca - 2023 - Ethics and Bioethics (in Central Europe) 13 (3-4):197-207.
    This essay traces a thread between the Novak’s philosophical and theological contribution and the economic and ethical reflection on the commons. Although present embryonically, these interconnections have not been taken into consideration so far. This convergence will be presented through three interrelated stages: a sound theological background, Scholastic reasoning and the evolution of the idea of common goods. From these points some interesting insights will emerge.
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  9.  3
    Michael Novak, wealth and virtue: Work, creativity and the poor in democratic capitalism.Orlando Samões - 2023 - Ethics and Bioethics (in Central Europe) 13 (3-4):185-196.
    The idea of this paper is to discuss the role of virtues in promoting general wellbeing for the common people. This is meant to contribute to the debate about possible linkages between overall wealth and individual character. My main source of inspiration is Michael Novak’s perspectives on the cultural basis for capitalism.
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  10.  1
    The idea of democracy and the progress of society in the work of Michael Novak: A look at the theory and subsequent development of Michael Novak’s predictions in the context of Central European countries.Inocent-Mária Vladimír Szaniszló - 2023 - Ethics and Bioethics (in Central Europe) 13 (3-4):208-217.
    If we want to think about Michael Novak’s contribution to the development of democracy and the progress of society in the countries of Central and Eastern Europe, it will be necessary to look at several authors from whom he drew his ideas. With the help of the Italian moralist, Giuseppe Angelini, we will try to explain the historical and contemporary development of the concept of development as understood in the Social Doctrine of the Church and Novak’s commentaries on John Paul (...)
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  11.  9
    Ethical and marketing perspectives on surrogacy tourism.Somjit Barat - 2023 - Ethics and Bioethics (in Central Europe) 13 (1-2):28-37.
    When an individual is unable or unwilling to become a parent the natural way, he/she can avail of a surrogate mother. Furthermore, when the surrogate pregnancy takes place in a foreign country, the practice is popularly referred to as ‘surrogacy tourism’ or ‘birther tourism’, which is the main topic of this research. In contrast to existing research most of which is confined to the medical angle, here we look at how marketing makes surrogacy tourism more accessible but concomitantly promotes unwanted (...)
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  12.  13
    Selecting for deafness – a marvellous opportunity or imposed dependence?Radim Bělohrad - 2023 - Ethics and Bioethics (in Central Europe) 13 (1-2):15-27.
    The paper focuses on the question of whether it is morally permissible to use reproductive technologies to select children with congenital deafness. I review the arguments that have been presented to support the claims that the lack of hearing is not overall bad, that disability is caused by social discrimination rather than impairment, that the community of deaf people gives its members plenty of opportunities to lead a happy life, and that procreative decisions need not improve the world. I argue (...)
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  13.  4
    The ethos of the fire service in the context of postmodern changes.Krzysztof Bochenek - 2023 - Ethics and Bioethics (in Central Europe) 13 (1-2):64-71.
    Professional involvement and the moral life of individuals and professional groups, especially those with high social prestige, such as firefighters, are linked by the category of “ethos”. Since the ethos of this service is today significantly influenced by multifaceted and dynamic ideological and existential transformations, it seems necessary to analyse the nature of this impact. Therefore, it seems that postmodernity brings with it ideological tendencies, which, by destroying the traditional preferences established so far, do not propose anything in their place. (...)
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  14.  9
    Svätopluk Štúr’s criticism of Nietzsche’s vitalism.Brice D. Cantrell - 2023 - Ethics and Bioethics (in Central Europe) 13 (1-2):105-114.
    Svätopluk Štúr is a strong critic of strands of German thought that emphasize the will to power as an organizing principle of human society. Štúr is particularly critical of Nietzsche’s vitalism, which Štúr believes culminated in national socialism and the destruction of the Second World War. This paper describes and examines Štúr’s criticism of a number of German thinkers and focuses especially on Štúr’s criticism of Nietzsche. Štúr criticizes Nietzsche’s emphasis on life over knowledge. Štúr offers a different philosophy of (...)
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  15.  1
    Some ideas about democracy and the importance of education in the work of T. G. Masaryk.Martin Foltin - 2023 - Ethics and Bioethics (in Central Europe) 13 (1-2):95-104.
    The main aim of the paper is to analyse T. G Masaryk’s ideas about the importance of education in democratic systems. In particular, the study analyses the ideas that Masaryk associates directly or indirectly with the nature of democracy or with the improvement of the democratic system through changes in the education system. The first part of the paper traces the basic aspects of democratic systems in his work that immediately condition ideas about the importance and role of education in (...)
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  16.  14
    Fighting human hubris: Intelligence in nonhuman animals and artefacts.Christian Hugo Hoffmann - 2023 - Ethics and Bioethics (in Central Europe) 13 (1-2):1-14.
    Abstract100 years ago, the editors of theJournal of Educational Psychologyconducted one of the most famous studies of experts’ conceptions of human intelligence. This was reason enough to prompt the question where we stand today with making sense of “intelligence”. In this paper, we argue that we should overcome our anthropocentrism and appreciate the wonders of intelligence in nonhuman and nonbiological animals instead. For that reason, we study two cases of octopus intelligence and intelligence in machine learning systems to embrace the (...)
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  17.  8
    Dignity of individuals with dementia, palliative care, and futile treatment.Rudolf Novotný, Zuzana Novotná, Štefánia Andraščíková & Martin Kmec - 2023 - Ethics and Bioethics (in Central Europe) 13 (1-2):38-50.
    Case studies are used to reflect on the treatment of patients with dementia hospitalized at the Geriatric Department of the Faculty hospital in Prešov, emphasizing human dignity in clinical practice. The discussion is focused on the palliative care of patients with severe dementia. The biomedical method, which respects human dignity is defined by means of inductive, deductive, and normative bioethical methods. They make it possible to provide guidelines for palliative care and individualized prognosis strategy. An analysis of health status of (...)
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  18.  10
    Free will, moral responsibility and automatisms.Sára Špirková - 2023 - Ethics and Bioethics (in Central Europe) 13 (1-2):83-94.
    Some determinist approaches to free will opine that the human brain is subordinate to physical laws not fully under our control. This results in a weakening of the concept of the personal autonomy and moral responsibility of humans. Were we to acknowledge this assumption, we might consider automatic machines unable to influence the thoughts and intentions from which our actions take root. The key issue lies in the fact that an individual does not consciously engage in particular actions (automatisms), which (...)
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  19.  9
    War and peace as consequences of human nature?Lukáš Švaňa - 2023 - Ethics and Bioethics (in Central Europe) 13 (1-2):72-82.
    The issue of human nature is very complex and elusive, and mankind has been trying to unveil its elements since the beginnings of any philosophical reasoning. Whether they were questions of ontology, gnoseology, or ethics, it has been an uneasy task to uncover the complexity of the term. This article concentrates on finding ideas that support the existence of human nature and consequently searches for its possible ethical implications. I focused on the traditional issues of good vs evil, especially in (...)
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  20.  3
    Empirical research on business ethics of SMEs in the V4 countries.Katarina Zvaríková, Dagmar Bařinová, Jaroslav Belás & Ľubomir Palčák - 2023 - Ethics and Bioethics (in Central Europe) 13 (1-2):51-63.
    The aim of this study is to evaluate the level of select ethical issues in Visegrad Four (V4) countries (Czech republic, Slovakia, Poland, and Hungary) and quantify the differences in the attitudes of entrepreneurs in the field of business ethics in these countries. Empirical research was conducted in June 2022 in the V4 countries. Data collection was carried out by the renowned external company MNFORCE using "Computer Assisted Web Interviewing" (CAWI Research Method), according to the questionnaire created by the research (...)
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