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  1. Studying the Islamic Lifestyle and Academic Success of Russian Muslim Students.Zuraidah Abdullah, Aan Komariah, Natalia V. Sirotkina, Dedy Achmad Kurniady, Cucun Sunaengsih & Elena Pavlovna Panova - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (4):1-6.
    The notion of lifestyle has recently attracted the attention of various scholars as a social science concept. For thousands of years, human beings attempted to realise and manage their lifestyles, and governments have tried to influence the lifestyles of their people. Nevertheless, the definition of lifestyle and its conceptualisation is relatively new. Lifestyle means the specific method of living of an individual, group or community. Lifestyles include a set of values, behaviours, moods and tastes that can refer to the interests, (...)
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  2.  1
    ‘For He Who Eats and Drinks in an Unworthy Manner, Eats and Drinks Judgment to Himself’: Interpreting 1 Corinthians 11:27–30 in Light of the Denial and Avoidance of the Holy Communion in Some Churches in Nigeria. [REVIEW]Solomon O. Ademiluka - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (4):1-7.
    Christians all over the world celebrate the Eucharist as an important aspect of their faith. Arising from Paul’s warning in 1 Corinthians 11:27–30 that persons who eat the Lord’s Supper unworthily bring judgment upon themselves, some churches in Nigeria restrict the Communion to supposedly holy members. This article examined the text with a view to appraising this attitude towards the Communion. It applied the historical exegesis and the analytical approach. The article found that the restriction of the Eucharist to selected (...)
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  3. Isupo: Assessing the Relevance of Deuteronomy 25:5–10 in the Nigerian Christian Context, with Particular Reference to the Yoruba. [REVIEW]Solomon O. Ademiluka - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (4).
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  4.  3
    Investigating the Relationship Between Religious Lifestyle and Social Health Among Muslim Teachers.Alim Al Ayub Ahmed, Aan Komariah, Supat Chupradit, Bai Rohimah, Dian Anita Nuswantara, Nuphanudin Nuphanudin, Trias Mahmudiono, Wanich Suksatan & Dodi Ilham - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (4):1-6.
    Lifestyles are evidence for the influence of systems, cultures and civilisations within various societies. In view of that, all systems of thought aim to maintain certain ways of living in citizens to implement their ideals. Furthermore, if societies do not accept the lifestyles introduced by such systems, their intellectual foundations and values are rejected. In this regard, the Islamic lifestyle does not imply giving up all pleasures and blessings, but it takes on a divine colour to all pleasures. The objective (...)
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  5.  1
    Leadership Development: Effective Tool for Urban Christian Missions in the 21st Century in Nigeria.Akinyemi O. Alawode - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (4):1-5.
    Urban Christian missions battle with many challenges in this 21st century, such that there is a need for a strategic plan to do missions in the cities. Over the years, missions’ emphasis has focused on village missions and underdeveloped places. However, there is a clarion call to shift attention to urban Christian missions in recent times because the world is witnessing a massive migration of people from villages to cities for greener pastures. Christian missions’ opportunities are evident in the cities (...)
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  6.  1
    Hifz Al-Din (Maintaining Religion) and Hifz Al-Ummah (Developing National Integration): Resistance of Muslim Youth to Non-Muslim Leader Candidates in Election.Muhammad Syukri Albani Nasution, Syafruddin Syam, Hasan Matsum, Putra Apriadi Siregar & Wulan Dayu - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (4):1-9.
    Resistance towards non-Muslim leaders emerged when the case of blasphemy against Islam was brought against Basuki Tjahya Purnama, known as Ahok, as the governor of DKI Jakarta at that time. The case of blasphemy committed by Ahok has triggered the resistance of Muslims towards non-Muslim candidates for the regional leader election. This study uses a cross-sectional design conducted by interviewing 1121 Muslim youths who participated in regional head elections in North Sumatra. Multivariate analysis in this study used a logistic regression (...)
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  7. Sexuality Communication Ethics in the Qur’An: A Semantic Analysis on Coitus Verses.Alimin Alimin, Fahmi Gunawan, Ahmad Muttaqin & Saad Boulahnane - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (4).
    While studies on contextual coitus verses interpretations have been explored by many scholars, there is a paucity of research addressing the theme holistically and spotlighting the aspects of moral ethics of its communication. To fill this lacuna, this study aims to analyse the communication ethics of coitus words in the Qur’an. Two main questions are discussed in this study. Firstly, what is the semantic meaning of coitus in the Qur’an? Secondly, why does the Qur’an employ certain terminologies to convey the (...)
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  8. The Thematic System in the Construction of Arabic Sufism Communities and Islamic Identity.Muhammad Y. Anis, Mangatur Nababan, Riyadi Santosa & Mohammad Masrukhi - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (4).
    This research aims to investigate the thematic system of Arabic texts, especially Arabic Sufi texts related to al-Hikam aphorisms. Thematic structure is defined as the set of options relating to ‘information structure’, the linguistic representation of extralinguistic experience and how a Sufi constructs an information structure in al-Hikam aphorisms. In this case, the extralinguistic experience is focused on the Arabic Sufi communities. The first problem of this research, about thematic system in al-Hikam aphorism related to Arabic Sufi communities and Islamic (...)
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  9. New Religious Movements and the Problem of Syncretism: A Study of Anioma Healing Ministry, Nawgu, Nigeria.Emmanuel Anizoba - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (4).
    This work studied the Anioma Healing Ministry of the late prophet Eddy Okeke. The aim is to investigate the structure, demography, beliefs and practices of the ministry. The study adopts a qualitative phenomenological research design and historiographical method for data analysis. Personal interviews form a primary source of data collection, whilst the secondary sources include library and Internet resources. The study found that Okeke’s ministry was not organised or administratively structured like some of the well-established churches or ministries. Because the (...)
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  10. Youth Ministry as a Public Practical Theology: A South African Evangelical Perspective.Garth Aziz - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (4).
    Youth ministry as a sub-discipline of practical theology has traditionally always had an ecclesial focus. The focus was often based on the practices of proselytisation and discipleship, a sort of ‘reach and teach’ model whereby Christian believers would do the ‘reaching and teaching’ of the ‘lost’ youth. This is most true in an evangelical context and is further undergirded by a Western concept of personal salvation nearly devoid of any communal responsibilities and context. The traditional model, therefore, in evangelical churches (...)
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  11. Erratum: Theology of Health of Quranic Pesantren in the Time of COVID-19.Ahmad Baidowi, Ahmad Salehudin, Abdul Mustaqim, Saifuddin Z. Qudsy & Nurul Hak - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (4).
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  12.  5
    COVID-19 Vaccines, Public Health Goods and Catholic Social Teaching: Why Justice Must Prevail Over Charity in the Global Vaccine Distribution.Vivencio O. Ballano - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (4):1-9.
    Applying the Roman Catholic Church's set of moral principles on social concerns called Catholic social teaching on charity, distributive justice, private property and the common good, and utilising some secondary data and scientific literature, this article argues that establishing distributive justice for the global distribution of the COVID-19 vaccines must be a priority than donating millions of doses in the name of charity to address vaccine scarcity. Catholic social teaching teaches that the right to private property is a basic right (...)
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  13.  2
    Die ‘bekentenisse van die vlees’ in die sentrale Middeleeue: ’n Verruiming van Foucault se lesing in Histoire de la sexualité 1.Johann Beukes - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (4).
    The ‘confessions of the flesh’ in the central Middle Ages: An expansion of Foucault’s reading in Histoire de la sexualité 1. This article expands Michel Foucault’s reading of the ‘confessions of the flesh’ in handbooks of penance written during the central Middle Ages in the first volume La volonté de savoir of his four-volume series Histoire de la sexualité. After the posthumous publication of the fourth volume Les aveux de la chair, in which Foucault takes his analysis of the historical (...)
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  14. Herman Jean de Vleeschauwer (1899–1986) Se Interpretasie van Middeleeuse Filosofie Aan UNISA.Johann Beukes - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (4).
    Herman Jean de Vleeschauwer’s interpretation of Medieval philosophy at UNISA. This article presents the interpretation of Herman Jean de Vleeschauwer of Medieval philosophy during his career as a lecturer and professor of philosophy at the University of South Africa from 1951 to 1964. The study is done regarding De Vleeschauwer’s publications and unpublished manuscripts relating to Medieval philosophy, as filed in Archive MSS Acc 32 at the UNISA Institutional Repository. Essentially, De Vleeschauwer was one of only two South African university (...)
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  15. Herman Jean de Vleeschauwer's (1899-1986) Interpretation of Medieval Philosophy at UNISA.Johann Beukes - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (4):1-9.
    This article presents the interpretation of Herman Jean de Vleeschauwer of Medieval philosophy during his career as a lecturer and professor of philosophy at the University of South Africa from 1951 to 1964. The study is done regarding De Vleeschauwer's publications and unpublished manuscripts relating to Medieval philosophy, as filed in Archive MSS Acc 32 at the UNISA Institutional Repository. Essentially, De Vleeschauwer was one of only two South African university lecturers in the 20th century who consistently included the Middle (...)
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  16.  5
    The 'Confessions of the Flesh' in the Central Middle Ages: An Expansion of Foucault's Reading in Histoire de la Sexualité 1.Johann Beukes - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (4):1-10.
    This article expands Michel Foucault's reading of the 'confessions of the flesh' in handbooks of penance written during the central Middle Ages in the first volume La volonté de savoir of his four-volume series Histoire de la sexualité. After the posthumous publication of the fourth volume Les aveux de la chair, in which Foucault takes his analysis of the historical foundations of confessional practices in the late 12th century to the first half of the 14th century even further back, to (...)
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  17. Exomologesis as an Absolute Form of Standing in Inter-Religious Dialogue.Vasilică V. Bîrzu - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (4):1-8.
    The present study intends to offer another perspective over the inter-religious dialogue emphasising the spiritual state of exomologesis as an essential means of accomplishing a better and real understanding of a participant in dialogue. It makes some short analysis of penitential confession as homologation with the Logos, of the prayer as inner dialogue or confession or exomologesis with the Logos and of the confessions as a literary style, which all engages the deep, spiritual dimensions of communion with the Logos and (...)
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  18.  1
    Human Rights: The Convergence of the Second Sila of Pancasila and Hans Kung’s Global Ethics in Indonesia.Noh I. Boiliu, Aeron F. Sihombing, Donna Sampaleng, Fransiskus I. Widjaja & Fredy Simanjuntak - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (4):1-5.
    The objective of this research is to find the meeting point between the second precept of Pancasila and the global ethics of Kung. The article also discusses the value of the second precept of Pancasila as found in the global ethics. This research is intended to recognise human rights as the convergence of the second sila of Pancasila, namely, 'a just and civilised humanity' with Hans Kung's global ethics. The method used in this research is a literature study containing relevant (...)
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  19. The Naked Truth or Prophecy as Folly? A Performative Interpretation of Isaiah 20.Hendrik L. Bosman - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (4).
    How does one make sense of a naked prophet who walked the streets of Jerusalem for no less than three years? This contribution interpreted the ambulatory naked prophet in Isaiah 20 as a sign-act by means of symbolic interactionism and performative interpretation according to which symbolic or sign-acts are multivalent entities. Isaiah 20 was interpreted as an embodied, multivalent text that invited ongoing appropriation among subsequent audiences while exploring the potential meaning of the initial act within the parameters of text (...)
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  20. The Ambivalence Regarding Volunteering and Reward Systems in Church Settings.Kgaugelo S. Boya - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (4).
    Traditionally, churches exist to fulfil the ‘great commission’, which is to preach the ‘good news’ to all believers. As the ‘great commission’ finds expression within the Church, numerical growth becomes inevitable. The latter puts pressure on the Church to function in a professional manner. People with requisite knowledge, skills and experience are often needed to manage the church activities. Whilst the Bible alludes to spiritual and heavenly rewards, during and post-earthly services, some of these church managers and other volunteers may (...)
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  21. Behartiging van Het Onderwijs in Coronatijd in Nederland En Zuid-Afrika: Een Vergelijkende Studie.Nicolaas A. Broer, Johannes L. Van der Walt & Charl C. Wolhuter - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (4).
    Managing education during the pandemic in the Netherlands and South Africa: A comparative study. Optimism has reigned supreme for a long time regarding the potential of education to address the many societal ailments that humankind has had to deal with. The outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic in March 2020 shifted all such aspirations to the back-burner. Now, after just more than a year after the initial outbreak of the pandemic, the question can be raised whether those who managed the pandemic (...)
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  22.  1
    Managing Education During the Pandemic in the Netherlands and South Africa: A Comparative Study.Nicolaas A. Broer, Johannes L. van der Walt & Charl C. Wolhuter - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (4):1-8.
    Optimism has reigned supreme for a long time regarding the potential of education to address the many societal ailments that humankind has had to deal with. The outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic in March 2020 shifted all such aspirations to the back-burner. Now, after just more than a year after the initial outbreak of the pandemic, the question can be raised whether those who managed the pandemic in the educational context followed the correct policies and instituted the correct measures in (...)
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  23. An Implicit Good News in a Javanese Indigenous Religious Poem.Robby I. Chandra - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (4):1-9.
    Contextualising biblical teaching entails the adoption of certain forms, terms or thought patterns that might confuse the original message, especially if the effort takes place in a Javanese culture context that is full of subtlety and indirect communication. This study analyses a Javanese poetry form that contains the narrative of Jesus’ encounter with a Samaritan woman. The indigenous poems are widely sung by the adherents of Javanese indigenous religions. However, only a few studies are conducted on such indigenous poems that (...)
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  24. The Complexity of the Relationship of Vocalisation Signs of Semitic Pointing Systems.Philip Suciadi Chia - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (4):1-6.
    This article has a few goals. The first goal is to discover the development of Semitic pointing systems such as Babylonian Hebrew, Tiberian Hebrew, Palestinian Hebrew, Samaritan Hebrew, Syriac and Arabic. The second goal is to propose the possible development because of the interaction between those languages in the past. In this article, the comparative method will be used as the methodology. A general observation of these signs and a proposition regarding the possible development amongst those languages will be presented.Contribution: (...)
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  25. Wesleyan Trinitarian Theology and Pneumatology: God’s Performative Action.Anna Cho - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (4):1-7.
    This article examines the Wesleyan Trinitarian theology and pneumatology as God’s performative actions through insight into the speech act theory. Wesley’s understanding of the Holy Spirit in the Trinitarianism, which reveals God’s salvation performance, has not been studied relatively much in Wesleyan Trinitarianism. Also, in modern theology, Trinitarianism is being interpreted newly along with various disciplines through interdisciplinary dialogue. Therefore, this article attempted to re-examine Wesley’s Trinitarianism and Holy Spirit theory with the speech act theory in the philosophy of language. (...)
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  26. The Impact of Islamic Work Ethics on Organisational Culture Among Muslim Staff.Supat Chupradit, Rabiyatul Jasiyah, Fouad J. I. Alazzawi, Akhmad N. Zaroni, Norvadewi Norvadewi, Trias Mahmudiono, Shaker Holh Sabit, Wanich Suksatan & Olga Bykanova - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (4):1-6.
    Muslim scholars have defined ethics as enduring traits and characteristics in the individual that cause actions appropriate to those traits to be issued spontaneously without the need for human thought and reflection. Islamic ethics state the rightness or wrongness of these attributes within the framework of Islamic concepts, while the concepts of Islamic work ethics deal with the functioning of the framework of Islamic concepts in the form of human work activities in various organisations. Furthermore, work ethics can be effective (...)
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  27. A Realistic Reading as a Feminist Tool: The Prodigal Son as a Case Study.Charel D. du Toit - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (4):1-7.
    The parables of Jesus have historically been attributed with a plethora of interpretations. The first hearers of the parables of Jesus had native knowledge of the social realities embedded in the parables told by Jesus, that is, cultural scripts present in the parables that might not be apparent to modern readers. Because of this, the modern reader of a parable might not be aware of all the different cultural scripts in a given parable, especially if these scripts are not specifically (...)
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  28. Dialectical Views on Metaphysics in Islam: Thoughts of Ibn Rushd and Theologians.Aminullah Elhady - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (4):1-6.
    This paper discusses the dialectical thoughts of Ibn Rushd and theologians on divine metaphysics. The discussion is based on the study of criticisms and dialogues on the theologians’ view on metaphysics. Three important points emerge: firstly, how Ibn Rushd presented the basis of his critical arguments; secondly, the process of Ibn Rushd’s methods of criticism on the theologians’ metaphysical reasons and lastly, the content of Ibn Rushd’s criticisms of the theologians’ metaphysical reason. This paper provides a detailed description of the (...)
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  29.  8
    A Critical Analysis of the Impact of Religion on the Nigerian Struggle for Nationhood.Oguejiofo C. P. Ezeanya, Benjamin O. Ajah, Christopher N. Ibenwa, Chioma P. Onuorah & Ugomma A. Eze - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (4):1-9.
    Religion plays a vital role in the formation of conscience and therefore is very important in determining how people co-exist in a society. Nigerian citizens live in regions other than their ethnic geographical areas, but they are not recognised as people of the same destiny and subjects of equal rights. The long period of military dictatorship that truncated the country’s democracy since the civil war gave Nigerians a constitution which adopted the Sharia legal system within a purported secular state. This (...)
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  30. The Role of the Church in the Quest for Political Restructuring in Nigeria.Ugochukwu O. Ezewudo & Prince E. Peters - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (4).
    The present political structure of Nigeria has proved unfavourable to Nigerians. This has led to catastrophic situations in Nigeria. This article evaluates the role of the Church in the fight to curb these catastrophes in the form of rising spates of insecurity, corruption, separatist agitation and marginalisation. These challenges have led to serious underdevelopment, poverty and unemployment, mostly in South-East Nigeria. Nigeria’s inefficiency as a nation stems from a long history of poor leadership from the time of colonial rule until (...)
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  31. The Role of Embodied Cultural Capital on the Development of Social Capital and Spiritual Health From the Perspective of Religion and Negative Islamic Teachings.Ali Asghar Fazilat, Seyed Reza Mousavi, Morteza Khorrami & Reza Zarei Samangani - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (4):1-8.
    One of the contexts for the development of social capital and spiritual health is cultural capital. The relationship between religion as an independent variable and social capital as a dependent variable has been analysed. This article aims to analyse the role of cultural capital in the development of social capital and spiritual health from the perspective of religion and negative Islamic teachings. This study attempts to answer the question, 'what is the role of cultural capital on the development of social (...)
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  32. The Role of Embodied Cultural Capital on the Development of Social Capital and Spiritual Health From the Perspective of Religion and Negative Islamic Teachings.Ali Asghar Fazilat, Seyyed Reza Mousavi, Morteza Khorrami & Reza Zarei Samangani - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (4).
    One of the contexts for the development of social capital and spiritual health is cultural capital. The relationship between religion as an independent variable and social capital as a dependent variable has been analysed. This article aims to analyse the role of cultural capital in the development of social capital and spiritual health from the perspective of religion and negative Islamic teachings. This study attempts to answer the question, ‘what is the role of cultural capital on the development of social (...)
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  33. Adult Religious Morality Development From the Quranic Perspective: Strategies to Overcome Islamophobia and Christianophobia.Nur A. Febriani - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (4):1-8.
    This article unveils the Qur’an’s perspectives on the erosion of phobia of other religions because of the negative stereotypes attached to Islam and Christianity to create greater peace in religious life globally. Furthermore, the Qur’an’s perspective on adult religious morality development is revealed by the at-tafsir al-maudhu’i method. The study shows that adult religious morality development should integrate religious morality, national morality and social morality to build individual religious maturity to overcome Islamophobia and Christianophobia. Religious maturity renders humbleness, moral consistency, (...)
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  34. Pauline and Johannine Theosis.Ryan A. R. Ferries - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (4):1-5.
    This article looks at Colossians 2-3:17 and John 17:13-26 as the base texts to see the commonalities between Johannine and Pauline conceptions of Theosis. First, the article looks at indwelling and participation as the methods of Theosis in the two traditions. Second, the role of mimesis is seen to be integral in these texts' concepts of Theosis. Third, the article looks at hope and glory that believers have and look forward to as indicative of their deification. The study begins by (...)
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  35. Reading the Good Samaritan (Lk 10: 25–37) Through the Lenses of Introverted Intuition and Extraverted Intuition: Perceiving Text Differently. [REVIEW]Leslie J. Francis & Christopher F. J. Ross - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (4):1-10.
    Working within the sensing, intuition, feeling, thinking approach to biblical hermeneutics, the present study focuses attention on the distinctive voices of introverted intuition and extraverted intuition, by analysing the way in which two small groups, one comprising dominant introverted intuitive types and the other comprising dominant extraverted intuitive types, explored and reflected on the Lucan narrative of the Good Samaritan, a passage rich in material to stimulate the perceiving process. Two distinctive voices emerged from these two groups.Contribution: Situated within the (...)
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  36.  2
    Hiring Labourers for the Vineyard and Making Sense of God’s Grace at Work: An Empirical Investigation in Hermeneutical Theory and Ordinary Theology.Leslie J. Francis, Greg Smith & Jeff Astley - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (4):1-10.
    The Matthean parable of the labourers in the vineyard is open to multiple interpretations. For some, the parable may speak of God’s unlimited grace and generosity; for others the parable may speak of God’s unfairness. The present study is set within the context of an emerging interest in the concept of grace as a topic for empirical enquiry. The study draws on the theoretical framework provided by the notion of ordinary theology and employs the sensing, intuition, feeling and thinking approach (...)
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  37. A Fatherless South Africa: The Importance of Missional Parenting and the Role of the Church.Fazel E. Freeks - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (4):1-9.
    This article employs descriptive and explorative methods concerning father absence and missional parenting. It identifies numerous ramifications caused by father absence and the failing role of men. Father absence has been a serious social issue in South Africa, which has become more tenacious in post-colonial South Africa because of economic reasons, untold fatherhood, refused fatherhood, fatherhood accountability, divorce and dissolution of households. This social issue influenced and affected both family and society dysfunction and created a vicious cycle of poverty in (...)
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  38.  1
    The Inedita Homily In Transfigurationem Domini (BHGn 1980a): A Compilation Using Proclus of Constantinople.Radu Gârbacea - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (4):1-5.
    In his inventory of the manuscript tradition of the homilies on the Transfiguration, Maurice Sachot stated that folios 46r-55r of the codex Parisinus graecus 1611 contain the homily In transfigurationem Domini. He also stated that this text is unedited and that it is most probably a recension of the homily In transfigurationem Domini attributed to Proclus of Constantinople. To date, however, this homily has remained unpublished and unstudied. After a brief presentation of the codex Parisinus graecus 1611, this article brings (...)
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  39. Trajectory of Islamic Psychology in Southeast Asia: Problems and Prospects.Septi Gumiandari, Subandi Subandi, Abd Madjid & Ilman Nafi’A. - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (4).
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  40. Studying the Role of Islamic Religious Beliefs on Depression During COVID-19 in Malaysia.Acim Heri Iswanto, Anna Gustina Zainal, Adkham Murodov, Yousef A. Baker El-Ebiary & Dildora G. Sattarova - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (4):1-6.
    Depression is one of the most common psychological disorders and many people in the world suffer from this disorder. Every year, thousands of suicides occur because of depression. Whilst anxiety is considered a common phenomenon of our era, it has existed throughout human history. Nevertheless, there have always been signs of religion and religious beliefs in the study of human communities and the history of civilisations. Despite rapid advancements made in solving the physical problems of human beings, the science of (...)
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  41. Islam Nusantara: An Integration Opportunity Between Christianity and Culture in Indonesia.Stimson Hutagalung, Christar A. Rumbay & Rolyana Ferinia - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (4):1-7.
    The integration or inculturation of religion and culture has been massively and controversially discussed despite being successfully presented by Islam Nusantara. Therefore, this study attempts to delve into the possibilities of integrating Christianity into the culture of Indonesia by seeking the Islam Nusantara experience. The study employed a qualitative method, using literature, articles, books and related references, and attempted to reconstruct the Islamic dimension concerning inculturation. Subsequently, the opportunity for Christianity will be displayed and formulated to establish a hospitable religion. (...)
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  42. The Octogenarian Cultural Festival (Ito-Ogbo at 80) and the COVID-19 Pandemic in Obosi, Anambra State.Christopher N. Ibenwa & Favour Uroko - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (4).
    The octogenarian festival in Obosi is a festival that is celebrated with a huge fanfare of pumps and pageantries. It is celebrated every three years in March to rejoice with fathers and mothers on the attainment of the age of 80. The worry of the researchers now is how this festival will be handled amid the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic in the absence of curative drugs. This article examines the octogenarian cultural festival during the COVID-19 pandemic in Obosi, Anambra State, (...)
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  43. Re-Examining John 13:1–17 in the Context of Nigerian Political Leadership.Nnamdi U. Ijeudo & Daniel C. Unachukwu - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (4).
    John 13:1–17 presents a style of leadership that is quite different from the traditional understanding and practice of leadership. This model of leadership in John’s Gospel is manifested in Jesus’ symbolic example of servant leadership, also known as the feet-washing. Feet-washing, generally the responsibility of servants, was seen as a degrading job that even the disciples could not do for their own leader. For Jesus, however, feet-washing is an illustration of humility, genuine love, and service. This article, therefore, is an (...)
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  44. Islamic Boarding Schools (Pesantren), Sufism and Environmental Conservation Practices in Indonesia.Bambang Irawan - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (4):1-10.
    This article is concerned with the environmental conservation efforts that respond to the human race’s ecological crisis. It does this by looking at Sufistic-based environmental conservation at the pesantren of ath-Taariq in West Java, Indonesia. Data were obtained through interviews, observation and documentation using qualitative methods. Two findings were yielded; firstly, environmental conservation practices taught to students include ecology teaching, producing plant seeds and recycling waste into organic fertiliser. Secondly, significant steps have been taken by the establishment for reforestation and (...)
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  45. Cultural Myth of Eclipse in a Central Javanese Village: Between Islamic Identity and Local Tradition.Ahmad Izzuddin, Mohamad A. Imroni, Ali Imron & Mahsun Mahsun - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (4):1-9.
    This article examines the relationship between religion, tradition and identity as seen from the myth about eclipses in a village in Central Java. Javanese people in rural areas still hold beliefs passed down from their ancestors about eclipses, both lunar and solar eclipses. Using a qualitative approach, the results of the study showed that the villagers believe that eclipses occur because of evil giants called buto named Batara Kala who try to devour the sun or the moon. This natural phenomenon (...)
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  46.  2
    The Building Blocks of Art and its Accompanying Role and Meaning.Chris Jones & Juri Van den Heever - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (4).
    In this article, focusing on the building blocks of art with its concomitant role and meaning, we commence with a brief evolutionary overview of the origin of land vertebrates, which culminated in the rise of our species as we view it. We then review three iconic phases of human evolution, colloquially designated as the Neanderthals, the San and the Cro-Magnons, as manifested by their artistic endeavours. We are well aware that the Cro-Magnons are currently regarded as not sufficiently distinct from (...)
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  47. How Codicology Can Reveal the Religion Mysteries Surrounding a Literary Work.Karomani Karomani, Anna Gustina Zainal, Gita Paramita Djausal, Novita Nurdiana & Intan Fitri Meutia - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (4).
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  48. Religious Inconsistency on Corruption Behaviour Among Muslim Politicians in Indonesia.Nur Khoirin & Mahfudz Junaedi - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (4).
    The problem of corruption in Indonesia is like an unbroken chain. Since the 1998 reformation until now, many persons with corruption cases involving politicians or officials have been arrested and even imprisoned. Among those entangled in corruption are many Muslim politicians and religious leaders known to the public as having a high level of religiosity and a clean reputation. Ideally, these Muslim politicians will be at the forefront of guarding the nation’s anti-corruption morality. However, the reality is different. This study (...)
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  49. Online Theological Education Within the South African Context.Johannes J. Knoetze - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (4).
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  50. Theological Education, Spiritual Formation and Leadership Development in Africa: What Does God Have to Do with It?Johannes J. Knoetze - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (4):1-6.
    Theological education, spiritual formation and leadership are all contested issues in the Church, especially within the African context. Although these topics are thoroughly discussed, the relation and the interdependence are not always clear. This article discusses these topics in relation to each other and in relation to the One who calls servant leaders to guide his church for her service in the world. The importance of the local church as missional church is emphasised in the article. Thus, what the faith (...)
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  51. Womanism, Land and the Cross: In Memory of Vuyani Vellem.Fundiswa A. Kobo - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (4).
    Premised by Vuyani Vellem’s deep-seated understanding of spirituality and the cross expressed in ‘Whoever wants to be my disciple must deny themselves and take up their cross and follow me’, the paper explores the paradox of learning to die in order to live, which is a dominant message of the Gospel. The cross that symbolises humiliation, oppression and death, is also the cross that symbolises liberation, life and resurrection. The liberative power of the cross concealed in the establishment/dungeons of oppression (...)
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  52. Understanding Islamic Law in the Context of Vaccination: Reducing the Doubt Cast on COVID-19 Vaccines.Kosim Kosim - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (4):1-7.
    One solution to prevent the spread of coronavirus disease 2019 is getting vaccinated. The promotion of vaccines through religion helps to control the pandemic. One of the causes of doubts about vaccination in society is religious understanding. Vaccination has an important correlation with Islamic law or Islamic jurisprudence. This research aims to analyse the effect of understanding Islamic law on doubts about vaccination. This research used quantitative pre-experimental designs. The research sample consisted of 160 people who were not vaccinated. The (...)
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  53. Politics as a Vocation in the African Context? An African Theological Engagement with Max Weber.Kefas U. Kure - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (4):1-9.
    The German sociologist, Max Weber, argued that politics has to be taken as a vocation just like other fields of academic and professional engagements. He did this by reconsidering his earlier view on ethics of conviction, which he thought does not hold sufficient promise to address the political atmosphere of his day. To consolidate this proposal, Weber proposed an ethic of responsibility which, for him, carries some great promise to advance politics as a vocation. In this article, however, I engage (...)
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  54. Jesus: The Apex of Biblical Canons.Jean-Claude Loba Mkole - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (4):1-9.
    This article aims at showing how Jesus is the apex of biblical canons, the authority that grants the status of sacredness to Christian, canonical and biblical books. It uses an intercultural approach involving three cultural frames of reference whereby the Protestant Church leadership will represent a contemporary culture, while the Roman Catholic Church stands for traditional church culture, and Jesus’ authority reflects an original biblical culture. Consequently, the article consists of three parts: the impact of Scripture on the contemporary Protestant (...)
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  55.  1
    The Küng is Dead, Long Live the Küng: The Value of Hans Küng’s Theology.Brian C. Macallan - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (4):1-6.
    Hans Küng’s influence on the church and its theology in the 20th-century theology has been immense. It has also not been without controversy, from his role at Vatican II to the loss of his teaching licence and his often-combative relationship with Benedict XVI. In 2021 Hans Küng died at the age of 93. This article offers an autoethnographic response to his work experienced over roughly two decades, from my early days as a theology student, struggles with Church authority, to personal (...)
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  56. Exploring the Impact of COVID-19 on Church Ministries in Africa: A Literature Analysis Focusing on South Africa.Vhumani Magezi - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (4):1-11.
    This article argues that the coronavirus disease 2019, which emerged in 2019, has had a negative impact on all institutions and spheres of life, including churches. Scholars and religious practitioners concur that the pandemic has negatively affected the church in various ways such as in church worship, fellowship, finance, interrelationships and various other ministries and programmes. Despite a reference to challenges posed by COVID-19 on the churches’ ministries, there are very few academic articles based on literature scoping on the subject, (...)
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  57.  1
    Rediscovering the Way of Islamic Propagation by Continuing the Tradition of Religion-Based Agriculture.Deni Miharja, Aep Kusnawan & Salsabila Mustopa - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (4):1-10.
    This study examines farming communities in Muslim villages that carry out one of the religious rituals in their agricultural cycle, namely tandur [planting rice seeds]. The study was then analysed with a theological analysis, namely Islamic theology, as the religion embraced by the community. The research method was carried out as follows: the researcher observed the research object in the Tanggulun Village of Subang Regency of West Java of Indonesia, where the case study was located. Researchers stayed at the research (...)
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  58. Profession as a Road to God – Pierre Teilhard de Chardin’s and Dag Hammarskjöld’s Spiritual Autobiographies: A Case Study.Iuliu-Marius Morariu - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (4).
    In this article, the author speaks about how a profession can constitute a road to God and can lead one to a deeper understanding of spirituality as the heart of theology, by investigating the spiritual autobiographies of Teilhard de Chardin and Dag Hammarskjöld. While the former was a Jesuit with important contributions to the historical field, the latter was an important personality in the field of international diplomacy, whose contribution came to light towards the end of the important crises that (...)
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  59.  1
    Islam and the State: Indonesian Mosque Administrators’ Perceptions of Pancasila, Islamic Sharia and Transnational Ideology.Ma'mun Murod, Endang Sulastri, Djoni Gunanto, Herdi Sahrasad & Mohamad A. Mulky - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (4):1-10.
    In many cases, mosques have been accused by anti-terror agencies as a potential place to spread transnational Islamic ideologies. This study examines the perceptions of mosque administrators about Pancasila, Islamic sharia and transnational ideology. This research took place in South Tambun, a densely populated subdistrict in Bekasi, West Java. Mostly populated by urbanites, it has heterogeneous religious understanding. A quantitative research method with descriptive statistics is used in this study to analyse the results of the survey conducted. Furthermore, a qualitative (...)
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  60.  1
    Mitigating Radicalism Amongst Islamic College Students in Indonesia Through Religious Nationalism.Ilman Nafi'A., Septi Gumiandari, Mohammad Andi Hakim, Safii Safii & Rokhmadi Rokhmadi - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (4):1-11.
    Radicalism has the potential to become more widespread in a younger generation of Muslims who are too textual, exclusive, extreme and uncritical. Their ethos of struggle has created a momentum to contest radical ideologies of Islamic radicals. This study investigates the potential for the radicalisation of Islamic students in Indonesia and formulates an approach of integrating national and religious values to mitigate the potential for radicalism. A qualitative research approach is used, and data were collected by distributing questionnaires to Indonesian (...)
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  61. In Reference to a Hebrew Deity: Some Remarks on Lamentations.Peter Nagel - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (4).
    Upon reading the Hebrew version of Lamentations in comparison to its Greek counterpart, one is immediately struck by the peculiarities, alternatives and variants when reference is made to a Hebrew deity. The Hebrew version alternates between יהוה and אדני, whilst the Greek version sticks to the term κύριος. The Hebrew version does, however, transition into an almost exclusive use of the term והיה from Lamentations 3:55 onwards. The immediate question that comes to mind is why certain terms were used at (...)
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  62. The Agency of the Church During COVID-19 and Beyond: Koinonia and Ubuntu in the Context of Poverty and Unemployment in South Africa.Themba E. Ngcobo & Thinandavha D. Mashau - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (4).
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  63. Character Education in the Tradition of Peraq Api in the Community of Sasak, Lombok, Indonesia.Nuruddin Nuruddin - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (4):1-11.
    Character education values are discovered in cultural activities and human interactions with God, others and themselves. This study aims to explore and describe the value of character education in the peraq api of Sasak community in Lombok. This article uses a qualitative research approach. The data collection techniques include observation, interviews and documentation. The data analysis used triangulation with the stages of identifying interview material, classifying, coding, taking emic and hermeneutical approaches. The results of the study elucidate that the procedures (...)
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  64.  5
    Addressing Physical Pain with Religion and Spirituality During and After the COVID-19 Pandemic.Annemarie E. Oberholzer - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (4).
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  65. Religious Aberration in Nigerian Contemporary Society: A Critique.Chioma P. Onuorah - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (4):1-7.
    Religion has been a part of sociopolitical movements from the dawn of history. With a strong emphasis on morality, religion and religious people were expected to live an exemplary life in society. Thus, religion is a veritable tool for shaping and stirring of the human society. However, religion has placed immense stress on public discourse as the literature on the manipulation of religion by religious leaders for their personal gain and aggrandisement is scanty. This research intends to fill this gap. (...)
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  66.  5
    Interreligious Relation: Position of Women in Strengthening Christian and Muslim Bonds.Hadi Pajarianto - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (4):1-7.
    Strengthening Muslim–Christian relations is very important for a nation such as Indonesia that has plurality in terms of tribes, ethnicity and religion. This study aims to analyse the role of Muslim women who live in a pluralistic socio-religious situation. This is a qualitative research that uses purposive sampling to determine the informants. The approach used by the Discovering Cultural Themes model is to understand the symptoms of the many themes, cultures, values and cultural symbols. Data analysis was conducted by using (...)
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  67.  1
    Tolerance Between Religions Through the Role of Local Wisdom and Religious Moderation.Hadi Pajarianto, Imam Pribadi & Puspa Sari - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (4):1-8.
    Religion and culture play a central role in building harmonious relations between followers of different religions, both within the nuclear family and in the extended family. This study examines the revitalisation of religious moderation with a cultural approach in strengthening tolerance. Data was obtained qualitatively from in-depth interviews and observations of families of different religions, religious leaders, traditional leaders, and other relevant informants. The research findings show that the family institution is the most crucial place in carrying out moderate religious (...)
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  68. Sleeping Soul: A Concept Representation of Metaphysical Anthropology of the Funeral Traditions of Torajan People.Daniel F. Panuntun & Wandrio Salewa - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (4).
    The funeral tradition of the Torajan people is one of the most recognised funeral traditions in the world, a part of Indonesia’s rich indigenous knowledge. However, this particular tradition has been in decline over time because of the alienation caused by the spreading of Christianity. This research aimed to reinterpret metaphysical anthropology of the funeral tradition of the Torajan people using the concept of the sleeping soul from the narration of Jesus in Mark 5:35–42 and Daniel 12:1–3. The research used (...)
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  69. Erratum: Religious Views on the Origin and Meaning of COVID-19.Tanya Pieterse & Christina Landman - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (4).
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  70. Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Religious Tourism Amongst Muslims in Iraq.Arif Partono Prasetio, Tran Duc Tai, Maria Jade Catalan Opulencia, Mazhar Abbas, Yousef A. Baker El-Ebiary, Saja Fadhil Abbas, Olga Bykanova, Ansuman Samal & A. Heri Iswanto - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (4):1-6.
    Tourism, as an industry, has become one of the most dynamic sectors of the world economy these days and has specific features that are different from other industries. In the tourism industry, production and consumption points occur spatially at the same time. In addition, the tourism industry contributes to the economic growth of developed regions and can simultaneously distribute the wealth created geographically. It is notable that the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic has caused many challenges in the tourism industry regarding (...)
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  71. Cultivating the Worshipful Self in an Algorithmic Age: Reflections on an Asadian Conclusion.Auwais Rafudeen - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (4):1-7.
    In a recent book, Secular Translations: Nation State, Modern State and Calculative Reason, Talal Asad is concerned with how the language of calculation and abstraction, inaugurated by modernity and accelerated by our current algorithmic reality, erodes the language of cultivated embodiment typical of religious worldviews and the virtues that such embodiment seeks to develop. These languages are predicated upon and cultivate different types of selves that are fundamentally at variance with each other. It is not that that one cannot cultivate (...)
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  72. Sêrat Bayanullah: A Study of Raden Panji Natarata’s Thoughts on Javanese Sufism Through Classical Javanese Literature.Mila I. Rahmawati, Wakit A. Rais & Prasetyo A. W. Wibowo - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (4):1-9.
    This study describes Raden Panji Natarata’s thoughts as a humanist, poet and religious scholar who thinks that the concepts of Javanese Sufism and Islamic Sufism are two contradictory ideas. Raden Panji Natarata describes his ideas through the medium of têmbang macapat in a classic Javanese literature entitled Sêrat Bayanullah. Sêrat Bayanullah, which is used as a source of data for this research, is a collection of the Pura Mangkunegaran library, Surakarta, with catalogue number A-393. The scope of this study focuses (...)
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  73.  10
    Islamic Ethics and Commitment Among Muslim Nurses in Indonesia.Muhammad Ramadhan, Fouad Jameel Ibrahim Alazzawi, Md Zahidul Islam, Kosasih Kosasih, Supat Chupradit, K. Nurdin, Denok Sunarsi, Najim Z. Alshahrani & A. Heri Iswanto - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (4):1-6.
    Ethical principles are among the topics that are widely emphasised in the Islamic society. Ethics is a set of values, do’s and don’ts that can play an important role in the effective management of organisations. If employees of organisations, especially medical staff, are working in the atmosphere of Islamic ethics, they show functional behaviours in line with the goals and missions of organisation. Due to the direct relationship and treatment of nurses with recipients of medical services, nurses’ behaviours have significant (...)
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  74. Pentecostal Theology’s Problem (Pt 1 2:2): Maši Ke Phepa Ke le Nosi, Selabe Se Tla le Motsaya Kgamelo – a Setswana Proverb. [REVIEW]Kelebogile T. Resane - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (4):1-8.
    Decolonisation of theology can be undertaken by engaging African proverbs and idioms. Pentecostalism, although the African Christian phenomenon is exploding, also needs to be decolonised in order to break itself of the western shackles of stereotyping Christianity as a western civilisation. The historical development of Pentecostalism, highlighting the heresies that invaded it, is examined, expanded and explained to support the notion that, indeed, the Setswana proverb: Maši ke phepa ke le nosi, selabe se tla le motsaya kgamelo, is a powerful (...)
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  75. Theology and Botho/Ubuntu in Dialogue Towards South African Social Cohesion.Kelebogile T. Resane - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (4):1-7.
    South Africa is one of the most unequal societies in the world. This article is a literature study on the role of theology and the African philosophy of botho or ubuntu trying to address this social inequality. It is this situation that has led to poor cohesion in society. It shows how theology through its constructive nature has for years shifted from dogmatism to interdisciplinary dialogue with other sciences and philosophies in order to arrive at facts that are helpful to (...)
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  76.  1
    Redefining Status Through Burqa: Religious Transformation and Body Politics of Indonesia’s Woman Migrant Workers.Inayah Rohmaniyah, Agus Indiyanto, Zainuddin Prasojo & Julaekhah Julaekhah - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (4):1-8.
    Apart from being commonly understood as a symbol of religious identity, full-face veils are also a process through which women redefine their bodies and social status. This article investigates Indonesian women’s commitment to wearing burqa after their work migration in Taiwan and Hong Kong. It focuses on the signification and the redefinition of the body through hijrah. In-depth interviews conducted with nine Indonesian women migrant workers revealed that this hijrah process characterised by the wearing of the burqa is not always (...)
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  77. Violence in the Bible and the Apocalypse of John: A Critical Reading of J.D. Crossan’s How to Read the Bible and Still Be a Christian.Sergio Rosell Nebreda - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (4):1-7.
    This critical reading/dialogue follows a straightforward structure. Firstly, it presents some of the major insights in J.D. Crossan’s book, attending to its inner logic on his critique on the violence which little by little creeps into the biblical texts. Secondly, it engages in a critique of his reading of Revelation, which is Crossan’s starting point for his discussion on violence. He observes here a direct contradiction with the Jesus of history, centre of interpretation for Scripture. This article points to certain (...)
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  78. Dealing with Islamophobia: Expanding Religious Engagement to Civic Engagement Among the Indonesian Muslim Community in Australia.Agus Ahmad Safei, Mukti Ali & Emma Himayaturohmah - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (4):1-8.
    The increasing Islamophobia in the Western world is worsened not only by global political issues but also by the stance of Muslims, who are perceived as exclusive and ethnocentric, particularly in the Australian context. This article outlines the strategies used by Indonesian Muslims in Australia to deal with the Islamophobic discourse, namely enhancing religious engagement to enhance solidarity and social cohesion between them and increasing civic engagement as an assimilation attempt with Australians. Religious engagement is carried out through enhancing Islamic (...)
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  79.  1
    The Jewish Background of the Oneness Language in John’s Gospel.Brury E. Saputra - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (4).
    Interest in the oneness language of John’s Gospel started in the 1970s. Many scholarly contributions have been offered ever since. Recent studies show that the oneness language in the Gospel closely related to how the Jews had utilised it. This study attempted to sketch the Jewish background of the oneness language useful to understand the similar language usage in John’s Gospel. It employs the narrative approach associated with N.T. Wright. The focus is on the common Judaism of the Second Temple (...)
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  80. Transforming Preman to Radical Islamic Laskar in Solo, Central Java.Yudi Setianto, Sanggar Kanto, Darsono Wisadirana, Anif Chawa Fatma & M. Chairul Basrun Umanailo - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (4):1-7.
    The development of radical Islamic understanding amongst abangan society is a paradox because there is a dichotomy between santri and abangan. This study aims to describe and analyse the transformation of preman or thugs into members of the radical Islamic army in Solo, Central Java. This research reveals why Solo is the base of a radical Islamic Laskar, how premans are predisposed to become members of the Islamic Laskar, and the types of radical Islam of this former preman. This type (...)
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  81. The Effect of Religiosity on Life Satisfaction: A Meta-Analysis.Muhammad Sholihin, Hardivizon Hardivizon, Deri Wanto & Hasep Saputra - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (4):1-10.
    This article intends to synthesise the results of various studies related to the influence of religiosity on life satisfaction, with the aim of mapping how religiosity variables influence people’s life satisfaction in multiple countries. Additionally, this study seeks to identify the development of research issues regarding religiosity and life satisfaction. For this reason, a meta-analysis approach was applied to synthesise 21 articles quantitatively, and the systematic literature review approach was used to narrate the development of issues concerning religiosity and life (...)
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  82. Sanctuary Schematics and Temple Ideology in the Hebrew Bible and Dead Sea Scrolls: The Import of Numbers.Joshua J. Spoelstra - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (4):1-5.
    The temple schematics in the Dead Sea Scrolls, that is, New Jerusalem and Temple Scroll, has often been comparatively examined with the sanctuary structures in the Hebrew Bible. Typically, in scholarship, the irreconcilable differences between all accounts is underscored, thus rendering a literary conundrum. This article argues that New Jerusalem and Temple Scroll drew from both Ezekiel 40–48 and Numbers 2 in different ways, purporting the sect’s theologies and ideologies which accords, further, with the life setting of the Qumran communities; (...)
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  83.  1
    Sharia Housing and Millennials in Indonesia: Between Religious and Economic Motives.Yuyun Sunesti & Addin K. Putri - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (4):1-6.
    This article aims to discover why young people in Indonesia choose Islamic faith-based housing that is more homogeneous than conventional housing. This is important because the growth of sharia housing in Indonesia has experienced a significant increase in the last five years. Sharia housing requires residents to be of the same religion, comply with the rules of purchase and follow the payment scheme according to Islamic law. In fact, in the last two years, this homogeneous housing has seen increasing demand (...)
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  84. Jesus and Nostalgia: A Nostalgia Construction of ‘Ho Theos Tōn Paterōn – Ὁ Θεὸς Τῶν Πατέρων’ for Facing an Identity Crisis.Pelita H. Surbakti & Esther W. Andangsari - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (4).
    Several theologians unanimously accorded well with the notion that the writer of the Gospel of Matthew was a pastoral theologian. Nevertheless, the pastoral dimension of Matthew 22:32 has not been subjected to much scrutiny. In the text, Jesus celebrated the tradition of calling the God as the ‘God of the Fathers’. The tradition revealed that Jesus adapted the pastoral approach, which is termed as nostalgia in psychology. In empirical psychology researches, utilising nostalgia provides many positive benefits for people who have (...)
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  85. Hybrid Sufism for Enhancing Quality of Life: Ethnographic Perspective in Indonesia.Suwito Suwito, Ida Novianti, Suparjo Suparjo, Corry A. Widaputri & Muhammad ’Azmi Nuha - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (4).
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  86. Theological Debate Among Buddhist Sects in Indonesia.Abdul Syukur - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (4):1-8.
    Indonesian Buddhism has many sects such as Theravada, Mahayana, Buddhayana, Tantrayana, Maitreya, Tridharma, Kasogatan, Nichiren and so on. These sects historically come from the same source, the Buddha's teachings, but now they have differences in terms of doctrines and practices. This article analyses the differences with regard to their doctrines and beliefs in relation to the concept of God as required by the Indonesian Constitution. The discussion focuses on the debate among three sects, namely, Buddhayana, Theravada and Mahayana, about the (...)
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  87. Beyond Tithes and Offerings: Revolutionising the Economics of Pentecostal Churches in Zimbabwe.Kimion Tagwirei - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (4):1-8.
    The Zimbabwean economic crisis has exposed the unsustainability of traditional sources of Church finances. Churches that depend on tithes, freewill offerings and donations have been facing incapacitation, a disturbing predicament that has been further worsened by the coronavirus disease 2019 in the context of abject poverty and perennial price hikes of basic commodities. While attention has been given to the exploitative commercialisation of the gospel by charismatic churches, scholarship on the economics of classical Pentecostal churches is scanty. Observing fluctuating, unsustainable (...)
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  88. The Ministry of Presence in Absence: Pastoring Online in Zimbabwe During the COVID-19 Pandemic.Kimion Tagwirei - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (4):1-13.
    Since time immemorial, pastoral ministry has been physically present in church buildings, homes and public places, providing face-to-face care and reassurance of God's love and accompaniment. The tragic outbreak and speedy spread of COVID-19 from China triggered unprecedented challenges, dramatically led to restrictive national lockdowns, closure of physical meetings, fundamentally unsettled routine ways of doing ministry and demanded total digitalisation of the gospel, which eventually rendered the ministry of physical presence absent. While doing ministry online seemed to have been working (...)
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  89.  1
    Normal, Post-Normal and New Normal: A Theology of Hope in John 20:1–29.Johnson Thomaskutty - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (4):1-7.
    This article re-reads John 20:1-29 to foreground the normal, the post-normal and the new normal realities within the Johannine resurrection narrative. The narrator of John demonstrates the normal situational aspects by taking into consideration the setting, characterisation, thematic development, point of view and plot development of the story in closer relationship with the temporal and spatial mechanisms. The ordinary, local and existent realities are expressed to reveal the colourless human experiences in relation to the divine aspects within the narrative framework. (...)
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  90. Religious Beliefs and Work Conscience of Muslim Nurses in Iraq During the COVID-19 Pandemic.Dinh Tran Ngoc Huy, Nawroz Ramadan Khalil, Kien Le, Ahmed B. Mahdi & Laylo Djuraeva - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (4):1-6.
    Religious beliefs are defined as thinking, feeling and behaving in accordance with the beliefs and teachings of a religious system. In other words, religious beliefs are indicative of the role of religion in the individual and social life of people, as well as adherence to values and beliefs in daily life, performing religious practices and rituals and participating in activities of religious organisations. Religious beliefs are a set of dos and don’ts, and values are considered one of the most important (...)
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  91. Begging Enterprise: A Growing Trend Among Igbo Christians in Urban Nsukka.Ndidiamaka V. Ugwu & Kanayochukwu M. Okoye - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (4).
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  92. Begging Enterprise: A Growing Trend Among Igbo Christians in Nsukka Urban.Ndidiamaka V. Ugwu & Kanayochukwu M. Okoye - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (4):1-7.
    It is obvious that the practice of begging is growing exponentially and changing into various forms mostly among the Christians in the Nsukka area. Although begging has long been in existence in the Nsukka area, it has never been encouraged. Financial assistance from family and relatives usually prevents an indigent person from begging in the street. Giving alms to the poor is regarded as a religious duty by many people. But, some beggars take advantage of people’s sympathy and thus the (...)
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  93.  1
    Exegetical Study of John 16:25–33 and the Church in Persecution in Nigeria.Chidinma P. Ukeachusim - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (4):1-8.
    Currently, there is a high rate of persecution unleashed on Christians worldwide with a special reference to Nigeria. Globally, Nigeria accounts for more than 70% of Christians being killed because of their identification with the Christian faith. This makes Nigeria one of the most dangerous countries for Christians. Employing the redaction method of doing biblical exegesis, this study explores and interprets the context of John 16:25–33 and applies its theological findings to the similar reality of Nigerian Christians being confronted with (...)
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  94.  1
    Diagnosing and Dismantling South African Whiteness: ‘White Work’ in the Dutch Reformed Church.Louis R. van der Riet & Wilhelm Verwoerd - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (4):1-9.
    In this article, we reflect on our lived experience as co-facilitators of a promising intragroup anti-racism process within the Dutch Reformed Church in South Africa. Firstly, we describe how this emergent process, referred to as ‘white work’, has developed since 2018 to include three focal areas: facilitation and training, research and the development of resources for faith leaders. Secondly, in the interest of localised, embodied diagnostic work, we mention relatively neglected strands of South African whiteness that have arisen through this (...)
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  95. Hair Matters: The Psychoanalytical Significance of the Virtual Absence of Hair in the Book of Job in an African Context.Pieter van der Zwan - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (4):1-8.
    Compared with other biblical books that are named after its main protagonist, Job mentions many body parts. Yet hair is explicitly referred to only once, even when it plays a relatively significant role in other books in the Hebrew Bible. This virtual absence of hair in the book can at first glance be explained by the shaving of Job’s ‘head’ as early as 1:20, using a different verb, גזז, from the one in Leviticus 13:33 and 14:8.9, גלח, where the context (...)
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  96.  1
    Images of the Dead (Body) and the Missing Corpse in the Book of Job.Pieter Van der Zwan - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (4).
    The Song of Songs is regarding Eros, whereas the Book of Job seems to be about Thanatos. Despite the dominance of the theme of death in this biblical book, no word for a corpse or even a dead body occurs. Absence is, however, hermeneutically so important that it probably constitutes its essence in that only gaps leaving questions can be interpreted. The theory of the French psychoanalyst, Mária Török, about a phantom in a psychic crypt as unknown parental bequeathal can (...)
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  97. The Possible Psychoanalytical Meanings of the Mouth for Mourning in the Book of Job.Pieter van der Zwan - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (4).
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  98. The Dynamic Process of Syncretism: Datuk Gong Worship in Malaysia.Zhaoyuan Wang - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (4):1-6.
    The Datuk Gong worship in Malaysia is a fusion of Malay keramat and Chinese Tudi Shen, hence easy to be labelled ‘syncretism’. Nevertheless, the rich dynamism of syncretism as a process in Datuk Gong worship is still underexplored. Through the combination of historical documentary method and anthropological multi-sited field work, this article examines the three stages in the syncretic process of Datuk Gong worship: syncretic amity, syncretic encompassment and synthesis, as well as diverse strategies Chinese devotees adopted in each stage. (...)
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  99. In Search of an Economic Remnant of Resistance: 3 Reigns 24:12:24p-T.Gerald O. West - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (4).
    This article attempts to discern an economic narrative remnant amidst the dominant ethno-religious narrative concerning the division of the united monarchy. Historical-critical comparison of the MT and LXX highlights the source-critical dimensions of the stories of the division of the united monarchy after the death of Solomon. This is clearly a moment of ideo-theological contestation, as the four variant accounts demonstrate. However, within each of the larger ‘division of the kingdom’ narratives, there is an economic narrative remnant. The focus of (...)
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  100. Realities and Challenges for Mission Transformation in Sabu People.Fransiskus I. Widjaja - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (4).
    Christianity has existed for more than 167 years on the island of Sabu. Even though the majority of Sabu people are Protestant Christians, in everyday life, the Sabu people still adhere to the Jingitiu religion’s local beliefs. The value of Christianity is still considered foreign in the appreciation of most people’s faith even though they have become Christians. This research aims to develop the contextualisation of the missiological paradigm in the social culture of the Sabu people in a transformative mission (...)
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  101. Islamic Religiosity and Job Satisfaction Among Muslim Teachers in Malaysia.Muhammad Yafiz, Mohammed Yousif Oudah Al-Muttar, Saman Ahmed Shihab, Qurratul Aini, Anna Gustina Zainal, Yousef A. Baker El-Ebiary, Rasha Abed Hussein, Tayseer Rasol Allahibi & Ngakan Ketut Acwin Dwijendra - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (4):1-6.
    In recent years, researchers have paid special attention to religiosity and the practice of religious beliefs. If people put religiosity at the forefront of their affairs and maintain the roots of religion in various aspects of work and family life, they will see God present and watchful in doing all things, and the result of such a vision will be the successful performance of deeds and walking the path of perfection. Having a heartfelt belief in the value of work and (...)
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  102.  1
    Investigating the Effect of Islamic Values on Citizenship Behaviours of Muslim Citizens.Achyar Zein, Trias Mahmudiono, Ammar Abbas Alhussainy, Anna Gustina Zainal, Ravil Akhmadeev, Mikhail Kosov, Shaker Holh Sabit, Galina Vladimirovna Meshkova & Wanich Suksatan - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (4):1-6.
    Islamic values are among the topics that are considered by people in an Islamic society in human and organisational life and paying attention to them can have positive consequences for the individual and the organisation. The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of Islamic values on citizenship behaviours of Muslim citizens. The research is applied in terms of purpose and descriptive-survey in terms of nature and method. The statistical population of this research includes 2600 Muslim employees of (...)
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  103.  1
    Investigating the Effect of Islamic Values on Citizenship Behaviours of Muslim Citizens.Achyar Zein, Trias Mahmudiono, Muhammed Salim Keezhatta, Anna Gustina Zainal, Ravil Akhmadeev, Mikhail Kosov, Shaker Holh Sabit, Galina Vladimirovna Meshkova & Wanich Suksatan - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (4).
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  104. Analysing the Relationship Between Ethical Leadership and the Voice of Malaysian Muslim Employees.Zulham Zulham, Qurratul Aini, Nasir Mehmood, Sandhir Sharma, A. Heri Iswanto, Ismail Suardi Wekke, Anna Gustina Zainal, Elena Pavlovna Panova & Natalia Fedorova - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (4):1-6.
    Ethical behaviour, in its simplest terms, means knowing and doing what is right. Nevertheless, the main difficulty is how to define the word ‘right’. For this purpose, various individuals, cultures and religions have thus far portrayed it in different ways. The present study reflected on the Islamic society, wherein ethical leadership has been one of the most effective factors in its continuation of life and success, with a vital role in its growth, development and progress. Accordingly, the relationship between ethical (...)
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  105. Explanation and Interpretation of Three Unclear Words in Bavli Eruvin 104a-B.Uri Zur - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (4):1-8.
    This article engages in the explanation and interpretation of three unclear words, dyofe, meiarak and kitana, that appear in the Babylonian Talmud, Tractate Eruvin 104a–b. The words are part of the Talmudic text and the article addresses the various meanings ascribed to them and explains them. This is required because of the contradiction and confusion that exist in the explanation and interpretation of these three words. The research method employed involves examining the various explanations given by the commentators, comparing the (...)
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  106. Inaccurate Volume Values in the Discussion of Solomon’s Sea in Yerushalmi Eruvin 1:5.Uri Zur & David Garber - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (4):1-6.
    Solomon's sea was discussed in the Yerushalmi Talmud Eruvin 1:5, and it revolved around the shape of Solomon's sea. However, inaccurate volume values of the basin were cited in the Yerushalmi. The aim of this article was to offer a new explanation for one problem arising in connection with these values. The setting of this study was the inaccurate volume values of the basin appearing in the Yerushalmi. The background of the issue at stake is the fact that Jewish scholars (...)
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  107.  1
    Pathology and Pain, Disease and Disability: The Burdens of the Body in the Book of Job Peering Through a Psychoanalytic Prism.Pieter van der Zwan - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (4):1-8.
    Not only trauma, mourning and disease, but also disability has been recognised in the Book of Job in which the body plays an exceptional role. The protagonist is suffering physically, psychically and spiritually. Although the word, •–• [be sick, ill], never occurs in the book, his body is portrayed negatively being afflicted by some unknown illness, which would probably exclude him from the community described in Leviticus 13-14. While •’—’—“ [be silent] occurs several times in the book, it never has (...)
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  108. Domestic Workers in Nigerian Christian Families: A Socio-Rhetorical Reading of Ephesians 6:5–9.Olubiyi A. Adewale - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (3).
    The erosion of traditional work roles which had been male biased has led to the increase of women in the workplace. Although a welcomed development, it has an attendant problem – a vacuum in the homestead. Consequently, families are filling this vacuum by employing various hands to handle the house chores in the absence of parents. Being part of the society and mostly affected by female personnel, many Christian parents are now faced with the issue of relating properly with their (...)
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  109. Formulating a Biblical Teaching on Sex for Nigerian Christian Couples: A Study of 1 Corinthians 7:1–5.Olubiyi A. Adewale & Funke E. Oyekan - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (3).
    The issue of sexual relations between spouses is a major cause of broken homes in Nigeria and Christian couples are not an exception. People believe that a large percentage of broken homes have the root of their problem traced to sex. The preponderance of broken homes notwithstanding, most studies in this area have been from the socio-scientific and medical cum psychological point of view and many more have focused on teenagers and young people to the exclusion of married couples that (...)
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  110. Environmental Determinant of Religious Names: A Study of Úgwú and Naming Among the Nsukka-Igbo People of Nigeria.Paulinus O. Agbo, Christian Opata & Malachy Okwueze - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (3).
    This article makes a contribution towards understanding the correlation between Úgwú and personal names among the Igbo people of Nigeria. Sacralisation of the natural environment which include hills or mountains is a belief that cuts across religions. Among the Igbo, the perceived sacred value placed on such natural environment prompted a series of socio-cultural changes. Personal names are usually drawn from deified entities such as the earth, sun, rivers, and so on. Studies on Igbo personal names portrayed the environmental determinant (...)
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  111. Ability Within Disability: Reflective Memories Shared with Dr Kasturi Varley.Kogielam K. Archary & Christina Landman - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (3).
    In a post-apartheid South Africa, the value of reflective memories and their impact on community history gives credibility to their relationship with personal struggles such as disability, be it physical or political. Shaped by South African Indian heritage, an isolated individualised case of a second-generation descendant’s ability–disability experience is researched and narrated in this article. The respondent, Dr Kasturi Varley is a woman of the South African Indian community, who was born almost 101 years after the first shipload of Indian (...)
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  112. Who Gets What? Assessing the Reincarnation Debate.Nicholas U. Asogwa & Michael E. Onwuama - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (3).
    Reincarnation is a death-specific and forward-looking philosophico-religious phenomenon that enjoys a cross-cultural appeal. It represents the theory that when the soul separates from the body at death, it informs another body for another round of earthly life. The debate on reincarnation has, so far, revolved around the reality or otherwise of reincarnation and the associated claims. In this article, we undertake a holistic and critical examination and appraisal of the key arguments underlying the reincarnation debate, with emphasis on the nature (...)
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  113. Intercultural Criticism of Spiritual Warfare.Victor L. Budha - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (3).
    The text of Ephesians 6:10–20 reframes the sectors of what we know as ‘spiritual warfare’ to tackle demons that menace and disturb people’s daily life. Reading this text from an African perspective helps to understand the text as well as believers in Africa to efficiently use the proposed weapons.Contribution: An approach such as an intercultural criticism with the aid of a four-legged stool model in this research proved to be appropriate.
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  114. Witchcraft and Witchcraft-Related Violence in AmaZizi Chiefdom of kwaZangashe, Eastern Cape.Nanette de Jong & Jongisilo Pokwana ka Menziwa - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (3).
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  115. Witchcraft and Witchcraft-Related Violence in AmaZizi Chiefdom of kwaZangashe, Eastern Cape.Nanette De Jong & Jongisilo Pokwana ka Menziwa - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (3).
    This article explores witchcraft-related violence against elderly women in the AmaZizi chiefdom of kwaZangashe in Eastern Cape, South Africa. The potential causes that have promoted such violence form the central subject of the study. The study includes a research design that combines questionnaires, focus groups and follow-on interviews. The findings have revealed a prevalence of witchcraft beliefs in the region and have pointed to elderly women as the likely victims of witchcraft violence. This has resulted in AmaZizi’s elderly women being (...)
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  116. Legacies and Pitfalls Amongst the African Evangelicals: A Kenyan Experience From a Historical Perspective.Julius M. Gathogo - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (3).
    The research study sets out to explore the contribution of the African Evangelicals in both the colonial and post-colonial Kenya to the social lives of the nation. Can’t it be viewed as a positive social influence or an ecclesiastical pitfall? In utilising a socio-historical design, it poses the question: how did the Evangelical European Missionaries demonstrate their theological and social influences in Kenya, and how did the post-missionary Evangelical-leaning leaderships play out? And was Muthirigu Dance an extremist reaction against the (...)
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  117. Njega Wa Gioko and the European Missionaries in the Colonial Kenya: A Theo-Historical Recollection and Reflection.Julius M. Gathogo - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (3).
    Njega wa Gioko was one of the pioneer Chiefs in Kirinyaga county of Kenya. The other pioneer Chief in Kirinyaga county was Gutu wa Kibetu who reigned in the Eastern part of Kirinyaga county. Gioko reigned in the western part of Kirinyaga county that extended to some geographical parts of the present-day Nyeri county and the present-day Embu county. Njega also became the first paramount Chief of Embu district, which refers to the present-day Embu and Kirinyaga counties. As colonial hegemony (...)
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  118. White Responses to Black Theology: Revisiting a Typology.Johannes N. J. Kritzinger - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (3).
    This article reflects on a threefold typology of white responses to Black Theology which I used in my doctoral thesis. This article, which is dedicated to the memory of Vuyani Vellem, shows how the typology was used by him in a publication. It then points out a number of inadequacies in the typology and places it in a framework of encounters between the praxis of a Black Theology of Liberation and a liberating white praxis. It uses a seven-dimensional ‘praxis matrix’ (...)
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  119. Challenges Presented by Digitisation of VhaVenda Oral Tradition: An African Indigenous Knowledge Systems Perspective.Stewart L. Kugara & Sekgothe Mokgoatšana - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (3).
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  120. The Spiritual Experiences of Women Victims of Gender-Based Violence: A Case Study of Thohoyandou.Christina Landman & Lufuluvhi M. Mudimeli - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (3).
    This article reports on interviews conducted with 11 women at the Thohoyandou Victim Empowerment Programme, a centre located in Sibasa, Thohoyandou, in the Limpopo province of South Africa. The centre provides support and advocacy to female survivors of domestic violence. The participants were victims of gender-based violence and the study aimed at exploring the spiritual experiences of women assaulted by their partners. Interviews were conducted over 4 days and were held on the TVEP premises. This article discusses how women of (...)
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  121. The Scope of Human Creative Action: Created Co-Creators, Imago Dei and Artificial General Intelligence.Braden Molhoek - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (3).
    This article examines the relationship between artificial general intelligence and the image of God. After identifying various models that Christian theologians use to classify or define the imago Dei, particular attention will be given to the ‘created co-creator’ model. Scholars have interpreted this model in different ways, based on the nature of human creative action. This action is seen as either subordinate to divine creation action or the human creative action is truly cooperative with divine creative action. Whether AGI would (...)
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  122.  1
    Neither Prelegal nor Nonlegal: Oral Memory in Troubled Times.Mpho Ngoepe - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (3).
    Oral testimony, oral tradition and documents, as represented by written accounts of the facts and the material instruments of the acts and the records, are all ways of indirectly accessing the past. In both cases of oral and written records, what is considered ‘true’ is entirely dependent on the trustworthiness of its source. African societies have been communicating and storing valuable information through memory, murals and rock art paintings since time immemorial. The dominant Western canons have previously classified this memory (...)
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  123. Can We Locate Our Origin in the Future? Archonic Versus Epigenetic Creation Accounts.Ted Peters - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (3).
    Myths of origin in archaic culture – including the Hebrew Scriptures – locate reality at the point of origin. The Greek term, αρχη, means both origin and governance. How something originates governs its definition; it was assumed by our ancestors. Hence the term archonic. Until we get to Christian eschatology and the promise of the new creation. In the New Testament, we find that God’s eschatological consummation will retroactively define what has always been. God’s redemption will epigenetically redefine what occurred (...)
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  124.  1
    Research Ethics to Consider When Collecting Oral Histories in Wilderness Areas Such as the Kruger National Park.Isabel S. Schellnack-Kelly - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (3).
    In the last half century, oral history has emerged as a historical approach that is being considered by archivists involved with the collection and accessibility of archival collections for researchers and interested members of the public. The approach to ethics by oral historians has emerged from two major fears: the fear of failing as researchers and the fear of failing the narrators and doing harm. Archivists also need to be cognisant of these fears when collecting oral history. Confronting these fears (...)
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  125. 1 Timothy 6:6–14 and Materialism Amongst Nigerian Christian Youths.Chidinma P. Ukeachusim - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (3).
    Increasing involvement of Nigerian youths in cybercrime and fraud, ritual activities, prostitution, human and drug trafficking, kidnapping, robbery and hired killings reveal the growing materialism of a significant number of Nigerian youths, including uncountable numbers of professed Nigerian Christian youths. There is the need to address materialism amongst Nigerian youths with special reference to Nigerian Christian youths. Paul’s moral instructions to Timothy are still relevant for Nigerian Christian youths to emulate. Therefore, this study employs a redaction critical method of biblical (...)
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  126. Divorce Amongst Christian Couples in Yoruba Land: Challenges and Implications.Favour Uroko & Solomon I. Enobong - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (3).
    Divorce amongst married couples is a disturbing phenomenon amongst the Yoruba people of southern Nigeria. Unfortunately, the church in Yoruba land, which has focused much of its teachings on financial prosperity, has started facing the consequences of these lopsided teachings. Using a phenomenological approach, this study argues that the lack of sexual satisfaction, poverty, activities of fake pastors, infidelity and lies from any of the partners are the major causes of increasing divorce rates amongst Yoruba Christians. Existing literature has not (...)
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  127.  4
    The Upsurge of Rape During the COVID-19 Lockdown in Nigeria and its Effects on Survivors.Kingsley I. Uwaegbute & Daniel C. Unachukwu - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (3).
    As one of the global measures for containing the spread of the dreaded coronavirus disease 2019, the Nigerian government imposed a total lockdown from 30 March 2020 to 15 May 2020. This exposed a lot of women and children to a greater level of sexual violence such as rape, which has persisted even before COVID-19. On 14 July 2020, the Nigerian Minister of Women Affairs and Social Development, Pauline Tallen, reportedly said that over 3600 rape cases were recorded across Nigeria (...)
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  128. Taking Stock of Oral History Archives in a Village in KwaZulu-Natal Province, South Africa: Are Preservation and Publishing Feasible?Acquinatta N. Zimu-Biyela - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (3).
    In South Africa, the way oral history archives of rural villagers are managed calls for attention as it can limit the inclusivity, visibility, accessibility and socio-economic development of rural communities, especially the younger generation. This article reports on a study that aimed to unpack some of the opportunities and challenges regarding the preservation and publishing of oral history archives faced by a village community in the KwaZulu-Natal province. In addition, the study aimed to determine what the community knew about the (...)
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  129. ‘Kufa Kwa Jongololo Nkhusiya Mphete’: A Critique of Gender Injustice Procreation Cultural Practices of the Sena of Malawi.Lucy T. Chibambo - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (2).
    The central argument of this article is that kufa kwa jongololo nkhusiya mphete, a concept that is used to encourage procreation amongst the Sena people of Nsanje District in Malawi, is a dehumanising concept for the barren men and women, in the context of HIV and AIDS and gender justice, where men and women need concepts that affirm life in all its fullness. The study uses feminist cultural hermeneutics as a tool to analyse dehumanising cultural practices, through the examination of (...)
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  130. Hadewijch: Mystic or Theologian?Lisel H. Joubert - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (2).
    This article engages with the reception and naming of women by contemporary historians and theologians. The core question is as follows: when is a woman received as a theologian? This question is looked at via the works of Hadewijch, a 13th-century Flemish writer. Scholars easily group together women from the High Middle Ages as mystics, referring to the experiential character of their theology and their writing in the vernacular. These criteria of gender, language and experience then disqualify them as theologians (...)
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  131. A Post-Jungian Reading of the Book of Baruch.Zacharias Kotzé - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (2).
    It is often claimed that the use of depth psychology in the interpretation of ancient texts is irrelevant and methodologically unsound. Several typical Jungian archetypes, such as the shadow, the primordial mother, and the hero, were identified, interpreted and commented on from a post-Jungian perspective. The apocryphal Book of Baruch has typically been studied as a prime example of penitential prayer in the late Second Temple Period. In this study, the book was approached from the perspective of post-Jungian literary criticism. (...)
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  132. Since When Have Humans Had a Soul?Andreas May - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (2).
    An attempt is made to determine when humans have had a soul. For this purpose, mind and soul are distinguished from each other. This clarification of terms makes it possible to criticise the emergentist view, which assumes that the soul arises naturally from the biological organism. The existence of a soul is inferred from the mental activities of humans, which are directed towards the transcendent. Special significance is given to burials. Burials have been practised for at least 448 000 years. (...)
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  133. Representations of Roman Catholic Religious Sisters’ Responses to COVID-19 in the Zambian Media.Nelly Mwale - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (2).
    Despite the growing visibility of religious women’s responses to COVID-19 in the media, the discourses of religion and the pandemic in emerging scholarship were preoccupied with the responses of churches to COVID-19, and neglected the contributions of religious women to the pandemic in Zambia. This article, therefore, explores the interface between religion and COVID-19 through the representations of the responses of Roman Catholic religious sisters to the pandemic, in the media in Zambia, from a religious health asset perspective. The study (...)
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  134. Beyond the Quadrilateral: The Place of Nature in John Wesley’s Epistemology of Theology.Daniel J. Pratt Morris-Chapman - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (2).
    Many writers have sought to outline Wesley’s conception of how human beings obtain revelational knowledge. In this regard, the use of what has been dubbed the Wesleyan quadrilateral continues to remain widespread in both the academy and the pulpit. However, this presentation of Wesley’s thought has received severe criticism from the late William Abraham, philosopher of religion and Methodist commentator. He has proposed the creation of a new subdiscipline in epistemology for examining theology. This view has prompted a handful of (...)
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  135. A Faith-Based Environmental Approach for People and the Planet: Some Inter-Religious Perspectives on Our Earth-Embeddedness.Antonino Puglisi & Johan Buitendag - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (2).
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  136. Imago Mundi: Justice of Peace.Annelien C. Rabie-Boshoff - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (2).
    The question of how human beings are to understand their role in creation is of particular interest in our current time of extreme exploitation of the earth and severe environmental degradation. Historically, critiques have been raised against the Judeo-Christian interpretation of the biblical command to subdue the earth and rule over the animals. In all sincerity, the question then needs to be asked what Christian theology has to offer in response to these critiques. Having considered the various interpretations of the (...)
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  137. Imperfectly Perfect Universe? Emerging Natural Order in Thomas Aquinas.Piotr Roszak - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (2).
    Scientific data indicate that violence is involved in the emergence of higher forms of life from lower forms. This seems incompatible with the God of Christian revelation, who is the source of love and mercy. Current attempts to explain this tension usually focus on two approaches: the ‘gift of freedom’ or the ‘only way’ theory. I will argue that Thomas Aquinas’ understanding of nature is able to provide an interesting framework for the challenges posed by the way of the appearance (...)
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  138. From Spiritual Ecology to Balanced Spiritual Ecosystems.Silvio S. S. Scatolini - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (2).
    This article suggests developing the concept of spiritual ecology into that of balanced spiritual ecosystems. Philosophies, theologies, education systems, political parties, and gender-based and ethnic identity politics need to be critiqued both from within and without so that they can finally contribute to the creation, maintenance and flourishing of balanced spiritual ecosystems.Contribution: Spiritual ecology is a concept on which converge different worldviews. This article recommends using balanced spiritual ecosystems, instead. The new concept could provoke further reflection on how our -ontologies (...)
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  139.  1
    A Biotheology of God’s Divine Action in the Present Global Ecological Precipice.Lisanne D. Winslow - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (2).
    Theological discourse surrounding the environmental crisis has rightly brought to the forefront human agency as a primary causal determinant. However, this article explores a theistic divine action position toward an account of the present global precipice that the earth and all its creatures teeter upon. The first section offers a preferred view of divine action theory, Divine Compositionalism, with explanatory power to account for an ever-changing planet. Furthermore, Divine Compositionalism is used to ground the role of God as Creator and (...)
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  140. Interreligious Dialogue as a Myth.Josephine N. Akah & Anthony C. Ajah - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (1).
    The authors aim in this article to show why it is extremely difficult to expect representatives of missionary religions to engage in productive interreligious dialogue. The article demonstrates how the imperative to convert, which is rooted in a sense of epistemic authority that one holds the best version of truth, precludes interreligious dialogue among religionists. The authors note, on the one hand, that the primary condition for any dialogue is that each of those involved come to the dialogue intellectually humble. (...)
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  141. On the Transmission of Greek Philosophy to Medieval Muslim Philosophers.Ishraq Ali - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (1):1-8.
    There are two dominant approaches towards understanding medieval Muslim philosophy: Greek ancestry approach and religiopolitical context approach. In the Greek ancestry approach, medieval Muslim philosophy is interpreted in terms of its relation to classical Greek philosophy, particularly to the philosophy of Plato and Aristotle. The religiopolitical context approach, however, views a thorough understanding of the religious and political situation of that time as the key to the proper understanding of medieval Muslim philosophy. Notwithstanding the immense significance of the two approaches (...)
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  142. The Spiritual Experience of Chinese Muslim Minorities Post-1998 Reformation: A Study of Chinese Muslims Becoming Indonesians.Acep Aripudin, Mohammad T. Rahman, Dede Burhanudin, Sumarsih Anwar, Ibnu Salman & Masmedia Pinem - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (1).
    This article describes a new method of viewing a historical phenomenon based on its social significance. This method enabled the classification and analysis of a group in a context simultaneously and chronologically. Using historical phenomenology, the authors found a polarisation of Chinese Muslims’ thoughts and practices in the Indonesian context. As an example, the technique of classification of Islamic thoughts is illustrated to discover Chinese Muslim figures’ religious activities. This method allows an improved social investigation to probe deeply into Chinese (...)
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  143. Theologica Variatio? An Examination of the Variation in the Greek Rendering of יהוה and אֱלהִים in LXX Proverbs.Bryan Beeckman - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (1).
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  144. Τὸ Δικαίωμα Ἔμπροσθεν Ἐν Τῷ Ἰσραήλ (Ruth 4:7): An Analysis of the Greek Rendering of the Hebrew Legal Aspects in Ruth 4:7 for Characterising the Greek Translator’s Translation Technique. [REVIEW]Beatrice Bonanno - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (1).
    Being a literal and relatively precise translation of the Hebrew text, the Septuagint of the book of Ruth attests divergences or variants in relation to the Masoretic text in the details of the text. These variants, if not inconsistent or linked to a different Hebrew Vorlage, could be explained as a translator’s choice to promote clarity, add a particular nuance or introduce innovation at the narrative level of the text. This is, for instance, the case in the legal process that (...)
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  145.  13
    Investigating the Mediating Role of Moral Identity on the Relationship Between Spiritual Intelligence and Muslims’ Self-Esteem.Hasan Boudlaie, Albert Boghosian, Israr Ahmad, Hussam Mohammed Wafqan, Ismail Suardi Wekke & Aziza Makhmudova - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (1):1-6.
    One of the critical crises observed in human society, especially in the so-called advanced and industrial societies, is the spiritual crisis. Spirituality in various types of cultural and religious concepts is considered a spiritual path one in which can achieve something like a high level of consciousness, wisdom or union with God. In addition, self-esteem is a sense of worth. This feeling comes from the sum of our thoughts, feelings, emotions and experiences throughout life. Dignity also means honour and pride, (...)
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  146. LXXSA as an International Academic Association.Johann Cook - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (1).
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  147. Platonism and the Bible.Johann Cook - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (1).
    A relatively recent development in Septuagint studies is a focus on the alleged influence of Platonism on the Bible. This article argues that Hellenism did in fact have an impact on Judaism. There are basically two groups of views on this issue. The first is that of the so-called minimalists, who make practically no allowance for freedom by the translators, and the second is that of the so-called maximalists, who believe that translators are relatively independent authors and interpreters. As far (...)
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  148. The Need for Social Theology to Strengthen the Social Functions of Islamic Banking in Indonesia.Wahyudin Darmalaksana - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (1).
    This study is based on the objective conditions of Islamic banking in Indonesia, which have not carried out their social functions optimally. Based on reports from the financial services authority, Indonesia bank and several related research, the efforts to optimise the social function of Islamic banking still encounters several problems related to the distribution of banking funds that are more focused on business interests, lack of real business run by Islamic banks, customer funds that are mostly deposited in Indonesia bank (...)
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  149. Dietrich Bonhoeffer’s Perspective on Racism.Daniel Dei & Dennis E. Akawobsa - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (1).
    Although Christianity has abundant literature against racism, the menace negatively affects human relationships in contemporary westernised societies. The near silence of most Christian denominations leads to one crucial question: how should Christians deal with racial prejudice in contemporary westernised societies? This article is a social criticism of racism from the perspective of Dietrich Bonhoeffer. As a Christian, Bonhoeffer struggled with the morality of racism, particularly regarding the experience of black people in the United States and Jews in Germany. His reflections (...)
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  150. Some Homiletical Perspectives for the Netherdutch Reformed Church of Africa.Hein Delport & Johann-Albrecht Meylahn - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (1):1-8.
    This article explores Professor T.F.J. Dreyer’s definition for preaching that he developed for preaching in the Netherdutch Reformed Church of Africa three decades ago. Dreyer’s own homiletical perspective towards preaching developed continuously through numerous philosophical paradigm shifts since 1989. His basis theory plays an important role in the theological training of the church’s students today. The aim of the research is to reflect on the changes, following Dreyer’s homiletical development over three decades. The research discovers a strong prophetical character in (...)
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  151. The Changing Face of Colonial Education in Africa: Education, Science and Development.Graham A. Duncan - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (1).
    This review article enters into discussion with Peter Kallaway, in his work, The Changing Face of Colonial Education in Africa: Education, Science and Development, who raises serious issues related to the historical development of South Africa’s education during the first half of the 19th century and its current situation and future prospects in the broader context of African education. Education is a dynamic process that encompasses the formal and informal sectors historically. In South Africa, the informal was the norm for (...)
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  152. Who Visits Cathedrals? The Science of Cathedral Studies and Psychographic Segmentation.Leslie J. Francis & Simon Mansfield - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (1):1-11.
    This study applied psychographic segmentation theory to explore the psychological type profile of 1082 visitors to four cathedrals and to set this profile alongside the published national normative data. Data provided by the Francis Psychological Type Scales demonstrated that among cathedral visitors there were more introverts, sensing types and judging types, with a balance between thinking types and feeling types. Comparisons with the population norms demonstrated that extraverts and perceiving types were significantly underrepresented among visitors to these four cathedrals. The (...)
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  153.  1
    Students’ Perspectives on Religious Moderation: A Qualitative Study Into Religious Literacy Processes.Yusuf Hanafi, Muhammad Saefi, Tsania N. Diyana, M. Alifudin Ikhsan, Nur Faizin, Titis Thoriquttyas & Nurul Murtadho - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (1).
    Research exploring how students develop their perspectives on religious moderation through reading and understanding the Qur’an is underexplored. This study aims to investigate students’ religious literacy tenet as a process of constructing meaning about religious moderation from the verses of the Qur’an. The participants involved were three students with an excellent ability to read the Qur’an and who had a great interest in the study of the Qur’an. The data were collected through the process of reading the verses of the (...)
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  154. Character Focalisation and its Function in the Story of Susanna.Risimati S. Hobyane - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (1).
    The characters in a story can function as vehicles that carry the message that the implied author intends to convey to the implied readers as they read the story. Characterisation is, as it were, the artistry the implied author uses to shift the intended reader’s worldview. Whilst there have been many insightful scholarly contributions on Susanna, the use of character focalisation and its possible function have never been explored. It remains open for investigation. This article examines the way in which (...)
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  155.  1
    ‘Not Getting What You Ask for’ From Rapid Appraisal Surveys: A New Model to Assess Bible Translation Needs.Tobias J. Houston - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (1).
    The decision to initiate a Bible translation project in any community has profound implications. In logistical terms, Bible translation projects can be expensive and taxing on their donors, initiators and other stakeholders. However, they can also have positive transformative effects on the communities that benefit from the translation. Therefore, the decision to translate should be carefully considered. In many cases, a rapid appraisal survey is conducted to determine the remaining Bible translation needs in a given situation. This article assessed the (...)
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  156.  1
    Kuyper’s Sphere Sovereignty and the Restriction on Building Worship Places in Indonesia.Benyamin F. Intan - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (1).
    The Indonesian Constitution guarantees the freedom of Indonesian citizens to worship according to their religion. In reality, however, the Indonesian government had issued regulations that restrict the building of worship places, which is one way of expressing religious freedom. These regulations, being trapped in the discourse of the politicisation of religion and the religionisation of politics, are contradictory to the aspirations of the founding fathers as expressed in the Indonesian Constitution. This article seeks to deal with this problem by conducting (...)
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  157. Translation Hermeneutics of the 1933/1953, 1983 and 2020 Afrikaans Bibles.Morné Joubert - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (1).
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  158. Multilingualism in Incarnational Ministry: A Quest to Reach the Neglected.Kasebwe T. L. Kabongo - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (1).
    Language is a critical tool for communication. This article uses the autoethnographic methodology to describe the author’s experience of language acquisition, which has influenced his understanding of multilingualism in incarnational ministry. He belongs to a missional order, InnerCHANGE, that uses an incarnational approach to ministry. InnerCHANGE understands incarnational ministry as a mission to meaningfully identify with people its members live among. InnerCHANGE’s membership is of diverse backgrounds culturally. Multilingualism within the order and in ministry contexts in a way that makes (...)
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  159.  1
    Online Theological Education Within the South African Context.Johannes J. Knoetze - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (1).
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  160. Preliminary Thoughts on the Interplay Between Face, Masking and Self-Presentation in a Liturgical-Ecclesiological Praxeology in a Pandemic Time.Ferdi P. Kruger - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (1).
    This article examines faith communities that have been offered a new front door during the pandemic, namely, the internet. Firstly, one should acknowledge that people called participants in the liturgy encountered a defining moment in their cognisance of the pandemic. They were exposed to the virtual domain. As identified by Erving Goffman, the role of self-presentation, with specific mention of the fact that people normally wear masks, is insightful. A liturgical praxeology deals with people’s propensity to make sense of communicators’ (...)
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  161. The Holocaust in the Teachings of R. Isaiah Aviad.Amir Mashiach - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (1).
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  162. Debriefing Hermeneutics for a Balanced Reading of the Biblical Text.Mogomme A. Masoga - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (1).
    In this study, it is argued that the trust of previous hermeneutical approaches of promoting ancient biblical texts as applicable to the everyday life of contemporary readers is not only imaginable but also too ambitious. The Hebrew Bible emerged from an Israelite cultural context, which neither speaks to nor deliberates on issues concerning the African cultural contexts. The present essay utilises a narrative approach comprising three main overtures. Firstly, some examples of previous contributions on hermeneutics will be discussed. Secondly, this (...)
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  163. Erratum: The Self as a Lens Through Which to Study Religion: Keiji Nishitani’s Religion and Nothingness Revisited.Garth J. Mason - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (1).
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  164. The Revised Standard Version (1952) and its Revisions as a Linear Emergence of the Tyndale–King James Version Tradition.Cynthia L. Miller-Naudé & Jacobus A. Naudé - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (1).
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  165. Dislocation and Continuity: Marking the 30th Anniversary of the Catholic Bishops’ Pastoral Letter Living Our Faith.Buhle Mpofu & Mark Mapaketi - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (1).
    One of the reasons that prompted Malawi’s Catholic bishops to write a pastoral letter in 1992 that triggered the movement towards democracy was the big gap between the rich and the poor. The pastoral letter, Living Our Faith, emerged as a critical voice in challenging the socio-economic and political state of affairs. The bishops demanded that the government ensures fair distribution of wealth. Since that time, Malawi has experienced different political parties that have assumed state governance after promising to eradicate (...)
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  166. Emergence of the Tyndale–King James Version Tradition in English Bible Translation.Jacobus A. Naudé - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (1).
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  167. Note on the Variant of ‘Κρυφη’ in Exodus 11:2a.Claude A. Otabela - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (1).
    The spoliation of the Egyptians is an exodus theme whose interpretation is difficult and often controversial. The great cleavage lies between the thesis of a secret and dishonest action and that of an operation of definitive donations within the framework of the expulsion. The addition of the adverb ‘κρυφη’ in the Septuagint has been used to support the exit from Egypt by a secret escape with fraudulently borrowed objects. This article re-evaluates this variant by showing the limits of the status (...)
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  168.  1
    Pandemic Ecclesiology: Church Re-Actualisation During the Pandemic.Gernaida K. R. Pakpahan, Fibry J. Nugroho, Priskila I. Benyamin, Frans Pantan & Wiryohadi Wiryohadi - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (1):1-8.
    The coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic has brought significant changes to the life of the Christian church in Indonesia. Such changes can degrade the essence of the fellowship of believers. The reality of the COVID-19 pandemic, which became the church’s starting point, has triggered a change in the pattern of carrying out its duties and services to the people and their environment. The church can adapt and transform its ministry innovations as a living organisation. The church needs to reinterpret the effectiveness (...)
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  169. Renderings of Paronymous Infinitive Constructions in OG Exodus and Implications for Defining the Character of the Translation.Larry Perkins - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (1).
    This article gives insight into the world of 3rd century BCE Alexandrian Judaism by analysing one aspect of the Greek translation of Exodus and provides a detailed evaluation of the way the translator managed to express the essence of the Hebrew text of Exodus while reflecting to some degree the form of the Hebrew text. No previous study only analyses this translator’s treatment of Hebrew paronymous infinitive absolute constructions in Greek Exodus. This research contributes to the preparation of a commentary (...)
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  170. Adultery as Sexual Disorder: An Exegetical Study of Matthew 5:27–30.Prince E. Peters - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (1):1-8.
    There is a prevailing notion amongst preachers of the gospel, especially those in the Pentecostal circle, that adultery is a demonic problem. Their understanding of Jesus’ statement in Matthew 5:27–30 about adultery in the heart is that for adultery to happen in an invisible entity such as the heart, some invisible forces are responsible. This research is an exegetical study of Matthew 5:27–30, employing historical criticism as methodology, to ascertain the correctness of this understanding. The conclusion of this study is (...)
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  171.  1
    Rethinking of Contemporary Islamic Law Methodology: Critical Study of Muhammad Shahrūr’s Thinking on Islamic Law Sources.Arip Purkon - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (1):1-7.
    This study examined the contemporary ijtihād paradigm, especially in understanding the Islamic law sources, according to Muḥammad Shaḥrūr. This study focused on answering two things, namely Shaḥrūr’s thinking in understanding the sources of contemporary Islamic law and compared it with the opinions of ‘ulamā. An explorative method was used to explore the Shaḥrūr’s thinking in understanding the contemporary Islamic law sources, and a comparative method was used to analyse it using ‘ulamā’s methodology. This research study used an Islamic law methodology (...)
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  172. Reflecting on Archaeology and the Understanding of Song of Songs.Eben H. Scheffler - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (1).
    The question of archaeology corroborating any ‘historical information’ is excluded from the outset by the poetic genre of Song of Songs. This contribution therefore focusses on archaeology’s more modest purpose as far as its relationship with texts is concerned, namely whether it can facilitate the understanding of the text by investigating the material culture that features in Song of Songs. Archaeology is therefore understood in terms of its more extended definition, including artefacts, objects functioning as metaphors, and historical geography. Attention (...)
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  173. Hybrid Sufism for Enhancing Quality of Life: Ethnographic Perspective in Indonesia.Suwito Suwito, Ida Novianti, Suparjo Suparjo, Corry A. Widaputri & Muhammad 'Azmi Nuha - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (1):1-8.
    Sufism has two main dimensions: vertical and horizontal. In reality, many Sufis are considered less concerned about the balancing between vertical and horizontal dimensions. The research explores the concepts and practices of hybrid Sufism undertaken by Kyais and their followers in improving quality of life. Ethnography was used for exploring the mindset and activities of Kyai and his followers. This study involved four Kyais in Java and Kalimantan, Indonesia. Research data were obtained through participant observations, in-depth interviews and documentation. The (...)
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  174. Conceptualisation of Missio Hominum as an Expression of Imago Dei: From Missio Dei to Mission Hominum.Jonas Thinane - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (1).
    Academic data show little evidence that the concept of the missio hominum was ever explored beyond its context as developed by Nico Smith. There is little to no research that has conceptualised this phenomenon in light of imago Dei and the role it should play in fulfilling missio Dei’s mandate. It uses the relational nature of the Union of the Divine Trinity derived in imago Dei to conceptualise the idea of the missio hominum in the broader context of missio Dei. (...)
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  175. Missio Hominum as Commissioned by Missio Dei.Jonas S. Thinane - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (1).
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  176. The Irony of Ability and Disability in John 9:1–41.Johnson Thomaskutty - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (1):1-7.
    The story of the man born blind is constructed within a grand irony of ability and disability. The Johannine narrator develops the characterisation of the man born blind as a progressive, seeing and missional personality, whereas all others in the story appear as people without proper understanding and vision and those with lower perspectives. Although the world conceived the man as a sinner, Jesus understands him as a means for divine glorification; though the Jews are widely considered able people in (...)
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  177.  1
    Gender Equality in Catholic Religious and Character Education: A Multiculturalism Perspective.Dody S. Truna, R. F. Bhanu Viktorahadi & Mochamad Z. Haq - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (1):1-10.
    Gender equality continues to be important because it strengthens society. One of the efforts to promote gender equality in Indonesia is gender equality education. For Catholics in Indonesia, the existence of the 2013 Curriculum Ethics and Catholic Education had a strategic role in mainstreaming gender equality education. This research used library sources to research these textbooks with adequate ethical and multicultural analysis. Here, information was conveyed through a qualitative approach through annotations and descriptive data on the texts studied. According to (...)
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  178. Hearing the Invisible: The Ears of Job, a Psychoanalytic Perspective.Pieter Van der Zwan - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (1).
    Job’s body is ‘portrayed’ in a text that can be nothing more than audible. Compared with the eyes of Job, his ears play a much more subtle role, underlying even his final confession in 42:5-6, where it seems/sounds that his eyes gave him his final in-‘sight’. That leaves the impression that his ears give him access to the second-hand testimony of tradition but his eyes to his own, personal experience. The hypothesis of this study is that a psychoanalytical perspective can (...)
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  179. Pathology and Pain, Disease and Disability: The Burdens of the Body in the Book of Job Peering Through a Psychoanalytic Prism.Pieter Van der Zwan - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (1).
    Not only trauma, mourning and disease, but also disability has been recognised in the Book of Job in which the body plays an exceptional role. The protagonist is suffering physically, psychically and spiritually. Although the word, חלה [be sick, ill], never occurs in the book, his body is portrayed negatively being afflicted by some unknown illness, which would probably exclude him from the community described in Leviticus 13–14. While חָרֵשׁ [be silent] occurs several times in the book, it never has (...)
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  180. The Headings of the Psalms in Aquila, Theodotion and Symmachus.Herculaas F. van Rooy - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (1).
    In Codex Ambrosianus of the Syro-Hexapla, marginal readings related to the headings of some of the Psalms occur. The importance of these variants for the history of the Greek and Syriac Psalm headings warrants further discussion. To this end, this paper undertakes a comparative study of the marginal notes that accompany the headings of the Psalms in the Syro-Hexapla. These notes do not occur for all headings and only rarely do variants from all three occur. These variants are compared to (...)
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  181. Transforming Rituals: Creating Cultural Harmony Among the Dou Mbawa of Eastern Indonesia.Abdul Wahid - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (1).
    This study revolves around the configurations of Dou Mbawa [People of Mbawa] in Bima, West Nusa Tenggara, eastern Indonesia, mapped onto the three main sociocultural-religious groups of Muslims, Christians and Parafu [followers of local beliefs]. It focuses on the Raju ritual as a ‘text’, representing social structures and dynamics of religious tension among the Dou Mbawa, which has been understudied in the existing works of literature. The central position of the Raju ritual is highlighted, as it is born from the (...)
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  182. Relation of Religion and Practical Politics: Contextual Adoption of Constitutional Islamic Jurisprudence for Muslim Clerics in Indonesia.Imam Yahya & Sahidin Sahidin - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (1).
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  183.  1
    Rethinking Theological Training as Ministerial Empowerment for Contextual Mission: A Case of the Uniting Presbyterian Church in Southern Africa.Sibusiso Zungu & Buhle Mpofu - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (1):1-9.
    This research engaged a realist paradigm to triangulate existing literature with data that emerged from a PhD study on ministerial formation within the context of being a missional church in the Uniting Presbyterian Church in Southern Africa. The study identified the need for theological training and ministerial formation to be relevant, contextual and responsive to the realities of the African communities. We concluded that current theological training module is dominated by Eurocentric expressions and narratives, which highlight an urgent need for (...)
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