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  1.  3
    Interactional Leadership: Jesus’ Model of Leadership – A Case of Mark 7:25–29.John K. Addo Jnr & Zorodzai Dube - 2020 - Hts Theological Studies 76 (4).
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  2.  2
    Interactional Leadership: Jesus' Model of Leadership - A Case of Mark 7:25-29.John K. Addo & Zorodzai Dube - 2020 - Hts Theological Studies 76 (4):1-7.
    Inspired by Goffman and Mead Social Interactionism theory and Ghanaian traditional leadership model, this article interprets Mark 7:24-30 as text that re-imagines alternative leadership practice. The study suggest that social interactionism theory tenants of ritual making, people processing, characterisation, frame making and dramaturgy provide a alternative heuristic tools to understand Jesus' view of leadership. Seemingly and for Jesus, leadership is a product of social interaction derived from the manner one interacts with various people. This study proposes that the Ghanaian Akan (...)
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  3.  5
    Patriarchy and Marital Disharmony Amongst Nigerian Christians: Ephesians 5:22–33 as a Response.Solomon O. Ademiluka - 2020 - Hts Theological Studies 76 (4).
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  4.  5
    Sensus Communis: The Relevance of Medieval Philosophy in the 21st Century.Johann Beukes - 2020 - Hts Theological Studies 76 (4).
    This article addresses the underestimation of Medieval philosophy in the contemporary curriculum by engaging its very origins in the ‘postmodern’ dislocation of philosophy. The leading question is what would be the prospects in the 21st century of reorienting Western philosophy from its idea-historical sources, which would include its ancient traditions and the Medieval exposition, as well as the Renaissance elucidation thereof. Critically engaging the works of numerous ‘postmodern’ philosophers as well as critics of the ‘postmodern’ departure from traditional philosophy, this (...)
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  5.  1
    A Biblical Approach to the Reduction of Child Poverty in Anambra State, Nigeria.Uzonna F. Echeta - 2020 - Hts Theological Studies 76 (4):1-9.
    Child poverty reduction is one of the most important and urgent tasks that requires attention in most regions of the world, nations and Anambra state specifically. The population of impoverished children is progressively increasing in Nigeria because of economic recession and poor security situations that lead to displacement and death of their parents. Although children constitute half of the entire population, commensurate attention is not given to them to match the dimensions of poverty they face. This study argued that child (...)
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  6.  2
    Searching for Shalom: Transformation in the Mission of God and the Bible Translation Movement.Kirk J. Franklin - 2020 - Hts Theological Studies 76 (4):1-10.
    The background of this study was to explore the Old Testament vision of shalom and determine how it was relevant to its holistic mission, Bible translation, transformational development and the world’s challenges and trends. The aim of this research was to create a framework to serve practitioners and theorists associated with the Bible translation movement and its intersection with transformational development. The setting for the study was the consideration of factors affecting Bible translation and transformational development in the context of (...)
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  7.  1
    Church History is Dead, Long Live Historical Theology!Peter Houston - 2020 - Hts Theological Studies 76 (4):1-6.
    Church history is dead, long live historical theology! This restatement of the monarchical law of le mort saisit le vif is at once a statement of irreparable discontinuity and assumed continuity. The old monarch is no more, yet a new and different monarch ascends to fill the same vacant throne. This is the paradox of church history becoming historical theology. Reviewing the work of W.A Dreyer and J. Pillay on the re-imagining of church history as historical theology, this article explores (...)
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  8.  1
    Discourse Analysis of Religion and Inter-Communal Conflicts and its Causes in Nigeria.Christopher N. Ibenwa & Favour C. Uroko - 2020 - Hts Theological Studies 76 (4):1-7.
    The religious crisis in Nigeria dates back to the colonial era. The amalgamation of two distinct nationalities for the purpose of administrative convenience by the colonial government, irrespective of their cultural and educational differences, not only created a hitch in assimilation but also mistrust and bitter rivalry that has accentuated to conflict. In the same vein, most of the communal crises taking place today could be traced to colonial making as they created artificial boundaries that did not take cognisance of (...)
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  9.  3
    Africanisation of Theological Education: An Exploration of a Hybrid Epistemology.Kasebwe T. L. Kabongo - 2020 - Hts Theological Studies 76 (4):1-8.
    This article explores the concept of hybrid epistemology in relation with the author's theological teaching of his neighbours from the northern townships of Pretoria and the students of the University of Pretoria. It is written from the perspective of a black African mission practitioner who values with equal footing the diverse ways human beings can acquire knowledge. He longs to see a symbiotic relationship between different epistemologies and be prioritised in the theological training of Africans. He stresses that the value (...)
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  10.  1
    Dealing with the Cultural and Financial Challenges During Death of a Loved One and Repatriation of the Remains: A Mission to the Wounded.Mookgo S. Kgatle - 2020 - Hts Theological Studies 76 (4).
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  11.  4
    Faith Envy.Hermen Kroesbergen - 2020 - Hts Theological Studies 76 (4):1-8.
    With this article, I wish to introduce the concept of ‘faith envy’. From time to time, both believers and non-believers envy those who have faith or more faith. People envy, for example, Muslims or Charismatics for the significance and certainty of their convictions in their lives. I propose using ‘faith envy’ as an angle to investigate faith and religious language. This perspective opens up important new questions about faith. If we look at faith from this angle, we see aspects of (...)
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  12. God’s Patronage Constitutes a Community of Compassionate Equals.Gert J. Malan - 2020 - Hts Theological Studies 76 (4).
    The central themes of Jesus’ preaching, the kingdom and household of God, are root metaphors expressing the symbolic universe of God’s patronage subverting patronage and patriarchy structuring contemporary Mediterranean society, thus legitimising an anti-hierarchical community of faith. This dominant focus of Jesus’ message was discarded, as society’s prevalent patronage and patriarchy became the societal structure of the later faith communities. Today, patronage and patriarchy still forms the social structure for a large sector of Christian communities and many cultures, resulting in (...)
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  13. Paul and Identity Construction in Early Christianity and the Roman Empire.F. Manjewa Mbwangi - 2020 - Hts Theological Studies 76 (4).
    The question of what subjects Paul addresses in his letters has been a matter of debate in New Testament scholarship. This debate shows the evolution of Pauline studies, whereby early scholars argued that Paul addressed topics ranging from questions of human existence, to relations between Jews and Gentiles, and even topics connecting Paul with the Roman Empire. Most of these scholars view Paul mainly from a religious perspective, particularly in terms of the relationship between Judaism and Christianity. However, viewing Paul (...)
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  14.  2
    African Pentecostal Spirituality as a Mystical Tradition: How Regaining its Roots Could Benefit Pentecostals.Marius Nel - 2020 - Hts Theological Studies 76 (4).
    Western academic theology do not succeed in accounting for the identity and faith culture of African Pentecostals for at least two reasons. In the first place, because as part of the Pentecostal movement it grew from the holiness, divine healing and revivalist movement that went back to Pietism and emphasised a holistic effective spirituality, and secondly, because it links with the holistic tradition of African traditional religions and worldview that share some aspects of the Old Testament realist way of thinking. (...)
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  15.  1
    Understanding Persecution in Matthew 10:16–23 and its Implication in the Nigerian Church.Prince E. Peters - 2020 - Hts Theological Studies 76 (4).
    The modern use of the word ‘persecution’ in both speeches and books shows a phenomenon that is almost wholly associated with religion. However, persecution is a threat to the peace of religious institutions as well as various societies all over the world; thus, this makes it a phenomenon beyond the scope of religion. However, this research focuses on religious persecution. It studies an aspect of persecution which is called intra muros persecution. This means ‘internal’ persecution. ‘Internal’ in this context describes (...)
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  16.  1
    Religious Statecraft: Constantinianism in the Figure of Nagashi Kaleb.Rugare Rukuni - 2020 - Hts Theological Studies 76 (4).
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  17.  1
    Parthian-India and Aksum: A Geographical Case for Pre-Ezana Early Christianity in Ethiopia.Rugare Rukuni - 2020 - Hts Theological Studies 76 (4).
    The narrative of Indian Christianity that is compositely based on Thomine tradition derives significantly from the reality of Parthian-India geo-economics and geopolitics. Although Aksumite trade and diplomatic visibility are a prevalent feature of the Greco-Roman imperial history in the BCE – CE era, the narrative regarding Ethiopian Christianity is a 4th-century CE reality. Ground is made to deduce the possibility of early Christianity akin to apostolic Christianity in Ethiopia as a consequence of similar circumstances in Parthian-India. So as to solidify (...)
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  18.  2
    ‘How Shall We Kill Him? By Sword, Fire or Lions?’: The Aramaic Targum and the Midrashic Narrative on Haman’s Gallows.Abraham O. Shemesh - 2020 - Hts Theological Studies 76 (4).
    The Midrashic literature and biblical translations focus majorly on the verses that describe the gathering in Haman’s house and the preparing of the gallows for Mordechai the Jew. The goal of this study is to discuss the narrative shaped by the Targum and Midrashic sources and to examine both the realistic domain concerning methods of punishment that were suggested and the theological–educational meaning of the punishment and the type of tree chosen. Targum Rishon develops the contents of the conversation in (...)
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  19.  2
    ‘He Passed Away Because of Cutting Down a Fig Tree’: The Similarity Between People and Trees in Jewish Symbolism, Mysticism and Halakhic Practice.Abraham O. Shemesh - 2020 - Hts Theological Studies 76 (4).
    Comparing people to trees is a customary and common practice in Jewish tradition. The current article examines the roots and the development of the image of people as trees in Jewish sources, from biblical times to recent generations, as related to the prohibition against destroying fruit trees. The similarity between humans and trees in the Jewish religion and culture was firstly suggested in biblical literature as a conceptual-symbolic element. However, since the Amoraic period, this similarity was transformed to a resemblance (...)
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  20.  1
    The Matthean Characterisation of Jesus by Angels.Francois P. Viljoen - 2020 - Hts Theological Studies 76 (4):1-7.
    Angels play a significant role in the characterisation of the Matthean Jesus. The Gospel of Matthew displays particular interest in angels. This article focuses on passages in Matthew that relate the role of angels directly to Jesus. Matthew distinguishes between the angel of the Lord and angels in general. This article examines the latter group keeping in view their support of Jesus. It shows that Matthew assumes knowledge of Jewish angelic traditions among his readers. He adds new perspectives to their (...)
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  21.  1
    The Trauma of Nineveh’s Demise and Downfall: Nahum 2:2–11.Wilhelm J. Wessels & Elizabeth Esterhuizen - 2020 - Hts Theological Studies 76 (4):1-6.
    Trauma is left, right and centre in the whole book of Nahum. The book reflects the oppression and hardship that Judah had experienced at the hands of the imperial power Assyria. For many a reader, the violent and derogative content of this book is in itself a traumatic experience. In this article, the focus is on Nahum 2:2–11, which depicts the downfall of Nineveh and its traumatic effects on its citizens. Besides the analysis of the text, a reading from trauma (...)
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  22.  4
    The Additional Phrases on a Genizah Fragment of Bavli Eruvin 4b-5a.Uri Zur - 2020 - Hts Theological Studies 76 (4):1-3.
    This article deals with the additional phrases found in the Cairo Genizah fragment related to Bavli, Tractate Eruvin 4b-5a, identified as Cambridge UL T-S F1 44. FGP No. C 96446. Some of these additional phrases have not been found in any version of the various manuscripts and printed versions, and some were found in only one version. The purpose of the article was to examine whether these additional phrases preserve an ancient version that was only preserved in this Genizah fragment (...)
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  23.  1
    Tale of a Plaster – Different Versions of a Story and Possible Meaning of the Phrase Lo Shmiʿa Li.Uri Zur - 2020 - Hts Theological Studies 76 (4).
    This article deals with different versions of a story in Tractate Eruvin of the Babylonian Talmud. This story has different versions in various sources, including in one page from the Genizah fragment Cambridge U-L T-S F2 23, numbered C98948 in the Friedberg Jewish Manuscript Society. Each version changes our understanding of the story’s content, and in this article we will display these variations and examine the feasibility that they reflect about the original version. The story ends with the phrase Lo (...)
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  24.  8
    Religious Pluralism and its Implications for Church Development.George C. Asadu, Benjamin C. Diara & Nicholas Asogwa - 2020 - Hts Theological Studies 76 (3).
    Religious pluralism model holds the belief that there is virtue in every religion, just as all religions are good and are of equal value. It does not consider religion’s particularity but is interested in the ideas that have not favoured any religion. The issue with this concept is not its assertion of the validity of all religions. It is rather with its denial of the finality of any religion as the way by which people could come to God. Hence, it (...)
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  25. Regenerated Without Being Recreated? A Soteriological Analysis of the African Neo-Pentecostal Teaching on Generational Curses.Collium Banda - 2020 - Hts Theological Studies 76 (3).
    The African neo-Pentecostal teaching that Christians continue to suffer from generational curses or bloodline curses is analysed from the perspective of Christian salvation as spiritual recreation. The main question considered in this article is: Soteriologically, how may we evaluate the ANP view that ‘born again’ Christians remain vulnerable to generational curses? The article describes the ANP assertion that Christians live under the threat of generational curses. Furthermore, the ANP’s understanding of the nature of generational curses is examined. Attention is further (...)
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  26. Can Religion (Un)Zombify? The Trajectories of Psychic Capture Theology in Postcolonial South Africa.Bekithemba Dube - 2020 - Hts Theological Studies 76 (3).
    ‘Police arrested suspected criminals in a satanic place masquerading as a church … There is no church there, but there is Satanism … Those people are not praying for anything, but they have hypnotised abantu [people]’. Informed by a decoloniality lens in relation to motifs such as coloniality of power and knowledge and being, I argue that mafiarised religions in South Africa thrive through psychic capture theology. Some emerging religious movements subject their followers to unthinkable practices, which makes outsiders question (...)
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  27.  3
    A Missional Reflection on the Challenges of Getting Married Faced by the Poor: A Case Study From Soshanguve.Kasebwe T. L. Kabongo - 2020 - Hts Theological Studies 76 (3).
    This is a case study that is written from the perspective of a black African who lives in a community of poverty. He has observed a growing number of adults who desire to get married, but only cohabit. He formed a focus group with five cohabiting couples who desired to get married. Through this focus group, they discussed impediments of getting married as well as alternatives for converting challenges to resources that would make marriage a reality. A mission practitioner who (...)
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  28.  3
    The New Ukrainian Autocephalous Church and its Image in the Ecumenical Space.Iuliu-Marius Morariu - 2020 - Hts Theological Studies 76 (3).
    An important moment in the recent history of the Eastern Orthodox Church was for sure the recognition granted to the Ukrainian Orthodoxy by the Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople with the Tomos of autocephaly. Praised by some Orthodox churches and damned by other, it was preceded by some attempts of negotiation initiated by the Ecumenical Patriarchate and by a few meetings between the representatives of the aforementioned institution, Russian Patriarchate and the Ukrainian local churches that was later recognised by Constantinople and (...)
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  29.  2
    ‘Suspected Killer’: Tamar’s Plight (Gn 38) as a Lens for Illuminating Women’s Vulnerability in the Legal Codes of Shona and Israelite Societies.Canisius Mwandayi & Sophia Chirongoma - 2020 - Hts Theological Studies 76 (3).
    The story of Judah and Tamar in Genesis 38 is one of the most intriguing stories in the Hebrew Bible. While it yields many useful insights into the character of God, the nature of sin and the aspiration of our redemption, it is equally offensive when one looks at it from a human rights perspective, considering, in particular, the vulnerable and defenceless woman, Tamar. Her being returned to her father’s house is portrayed as acting in accordance with the law for (...)
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  30.  1
    The Holy Communion and African Rituals: An Encounter Between African Religion and Christianity.Themba E. Ngcobo - 2020 - Hts Theological Studies 76 (3).
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  31.  1
    Ritual, Myth and Transnational Giving Within the Zimbabwe Assemblies of God Africa in Johannesburg, South Africa.John Ringson & Admire Chereni - 2020 - Hts Theological Studies 76 (3).
    This article interrogates how rituals and myths may reshape Pentecostal ideology and practice in ways that resonate with the practical concerns of born-again congregants in an exclusive foreign labour market. It draws on a series of field observations conducted in Johannesburg, at two congregations of the Zimbabwe Assemblies of God Africa – a born-again movement with roots in Zimbabwe – between 2009 and 2016. The authors critically examine the shifting architecture of the ritual of Working Talents and its contradictory use (...)
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  32. ‘That Song Moves Me to Tears’ – Emotion, Memory and Identity in Encountering Christian Songs.J. Gertrud Tönsing - 2020 - Hts Theological Studies 76 (3).
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  33. Black Christ and Cross-Roads Jesus for White South African Christians.Wilhelm J. Verwoerd - 2020 - Hts Theological Studies 76 (3).
    A significant factor undermining real racial reconciliation in post-1994 South Africa is widespread resistance to shared historical responsibility amongst South Africans racialised as white. In response to the need for localised ‘white work’, this article aims to contribute to the uprooting of white denialism, specifically amongst Afrikaans-speaking Christians from Reformed backgrounds. The point of entry is two underexplored, challenging, contextualised crucifixion paintings, namely, Black Christ and Cross-Roads Jesus. Drawing on critical whiteness studies, extensive local and international experience as a ‘participatory’ (...)
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  34.  1
    Age Does Not Determine Influence: A Consideration for Children in Ministerial Service.Garth Aziz - 2020 - Hts Theological Studies 76 (2).
    Leadership and areas of influence are often reserved for the adult community. The youth are mostly regarded as developing beings, with insufficient knowledge and experience to take on leadership roles where influence can be exercised. It is often considered – especially in the context of the church – that the youth do not have the capacity to lead, while evidence from society and research studies points to the contrary. The author of this article argues that the ability to influence does (...)
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  35.  1
    Toxicity of Leadership and its Impact on Employees: Exploring the Dynamics of Leadership in an Academic Setting.Gift T. Baloyi - 2020 - Hts Theological Studies 76 (2).
    Constructive leaders highlight elements of motivation to employees to grow in order to achieve goals for their institutions or departments. They do this either through understanding the significance of ethical leadership or servant leadership. However, people who work under toxic environments often have little or no choice but drop their energy levels and be completely demoralised because of the toxicity at their workplace. This includes stories of leaders who ridicule their employees in public, force employees to undergo physical and psychological (...)
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  36.  2
    Leadership Challenges in Christian Non-Governmental Organisations.Ana Maria Cabodevila - 2020 - Hts Theological Studies 76 (2).
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  37.  2
    Does the Christian Church Have Any Guidance to Offer in Solving the Global Problems We Are Faced with Today?D. Etienne de Villiers - 2020 - Hts Theological Studies 76 (2).
    In his book, 21 Lessons for the 21st century, the historian Yuval Noah Harari devoted a chapter to the question of whether traditional religions could provide any guidance in solving the momentous global problems confronting us today. He drew the rather negative conclusion that they do not have any constructive contribution to make in solving these problems. This article made an original contribution to scholarly research by, from the perspective of Christian Ethics, subjecting this recently expressed view of Harari to (...)
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  38.  1
    Oscar Romero (1917–1980): A Model of Pastoral Leadership for Church Leaders in Africa.Valentine U. Iheanacho - 2020 - Hts Theological Studies 76 (2):1-8.
    Until 1977, Monsignor Romero was a traditional Catholic bishop trained in traditional Roman theology with a penchant for order and non-involvement in 'politics'. He was also a product of the 1968 Medellin Conference which fashioned a pastoral model for the Latin American church: 'A fundamental option for the poor' on the thrust of the Second Vatican Council. This article seeks to present Oscar Romero within a historical context and proposes him as a servant-leader model for African church leaders, especially Catholic (...)
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  39.  1
    Christian Leadership in a South African Township Community: A Reflection on Nepotism and its Impact on Society.Kasebwe T. L. Kabongo - 2020 - Hts Theological Studies 76 (2).
    The author reflects on the reality of nepotism in Christian leadership as he has observed in the township of Soshanguve and many other African poverty-stricken communities he has lived in. The leadership of churches in those areas seems to run in the family. This model tends to have a disempowering effect on the other church members in terms of taking responsibility or initiating projects that could expand the impact of the church beyond the borders of its walls. This article recognises (...)
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  40.  4
    The Beauty of Spiritual Leadership: A Theological-Aesthetical Approach to Leadership.Volker Kessler - 2020 - Hts Theological Studies 76 (2).
    The aim of this article is to investigate two links between beauty and leadership: What is beautiful about spiritual leadership? Why should spiritual leaders bother about beauty? This study was motivated by the Bible verse 1 Timothy 3:1 and the observation that, at least in the German context, church leadership is no longer seen as a beautiful task. After a preliminary note on theological aesthetics, the paper discusses several approaches towards the link between aesthetics and transformation of the world, among (...)
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  41.  1
    Performing the Sacred – Aspects of Singing and Contextualisation in South Africa.Elsabé Kloppers - 2020 - Hts Theological Studies 76 (2):1-9.
    After an introduction and views on inculturation, the focus shifts to ‘incarnation’ and ‘contextualisation’ in a broader sense, to also include the transformation and adaptation of the ‘sacred’ for the secular or political sphere. Practices of performing faith through texts and music within diverse liturgical, spiritual, cultural and political contexts in South Africa are discussed. Aspects taken into account are the possible influence of landscape or seasons on the expression of faith and the possible sacro-soundscapes that could come from different (...)
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  42.  4
    African and Western Approaches to the Moral Formation of Christian Leaders: The Role of Spiritual Disciplines in Counteracting Moral Deficiencies.Louise Kretzschmar - 2020 - Hts Theological Studies 76 (2).
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  43.  1
    African Leadership and the Kind of Reality of the Spirit World.Hermen Kroesbergen - 2020 - Hts Theological Studies 76 (2).
    Leadership in Africa is inextricably connected to the spirit world. Leaders may be chosen through elections or other human processes, but ultimately, they are seen as appointed by God. Leaders may base their decisions upon science or intuition, but ultimately, they let themselves be inspired by revelations from the spiritual realm. Yet, what is meant by the spirit world in this respect? In this article, a new way is explored for investigating what references to the spirit world mean. Instead of (...)
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  44.  1
    Leadership, Corruption and the Dignity of Humans: Some Reflections From the Nigerian Context.Kefas U. Kure - 2020 - Hts Theological Studies 76 (2).
    Leadership inadequacy in Nigeria has contributed to the rise in corruption, which has undermined human dignity through insufficient provision of basic human needs. This happens because the leadership venerates self-interest to such an extent that enhancing human wellbeing is not considered important. To save Nigerians from this dilemma, this article calls for a new leadership ethics called ‘responsible leadership’, whose precepts protect and enhance human dignity and enforce adherence to the rule of law to curb the spread of corruption. This (...)
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  45.  5
    Who, Being in the Form of God, Did Not Consider It Robbery to Be Equal with God: Kenosis of Leadership.Hlulani Mdingi - 2020 - Hts Theological Studies 76 (2).
    Leadership is at the core of Christianity; it operates from the paradigm of God’s revelation to humanity through creation. The creation of the world and the creation of Imago Dei are markers of the service that God has maintained from creation to the fulfilment of soteriology. The early church’s worship of Christ, at least in the Didache, stemmed from the fact that this Hebrew prophet was a servant of God and was YHWH in the flesh. The early teachings of the (...)
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  46. The Black Church as the Timeless Witness to Change and Paradigm Shifts Posed by the Fourth Industrial Revolution.Hlulani M. Mdingi - 2020 - Hts Theological Studies 76 (2).
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  47.  4
    Developing Pastoral Therapy as a Professional Qualification in South Africa: Rationale and Motivation.Juanita Meyer - 2020 - Hts Theological Studies 76 (2).
    The professional training of pastoral therapists has been a topic of controversy for many years in South Africa. Up to date, the training of pastoral workers has been limited to the study of ministry and as such is limited by the primary aims and outcomes of this curriculum. In a post-apartheid, post-colonial South Africa, the need for pastoral workers is intensified by the needs of community- and faith-based organisations for trained and registered therapists to alleviate the counselling needs of their (...)
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  48.  2
    Rising Against All Odds: An Analysis of the Leadership Experiences of Three Female Clergy in the Methodist Church in Zimbabwe.Martin Mujinga - 2020 - Hts Theological Studies 76 (2).
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  49.  2
    The Challenges of Being a Female Pastor: A Case of the Apostolic Faith Mission in Zimbabwe.Terence Mupangwa & Sophia Chirongoma - 2020 - Hts Theological Studies 76 (2).
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  50.  6
    Character Education for Public Leadership: The Continuing Relevance of Martin Buber’s ‘Hebrew Humanism’.Bernhard Ott - 2020 - Hts Theological Studies 76 (2).
    The need for character education for those in public leadership is of unquestionable importance. Professor Christoph Stückelberger has recently argued that ‘structural ethics’ have their merits, and that ‘there are no virtuous institutions, there are only virtuous people’. Stückelberger calls for the cultivation of virtues, especially the virtue of integrity. In recent decades, character education has received new attention. Those who call for character education most often draw from Greek traditions, especially from Aristotle. This article will explore a different source (...)
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  51.  2
    Fides in Parenthesis: A Spirituality of Leadership for a (Post-)Secular(Ising) World.Yolande Steenkamp - 2020 - Hts Theological Studies 76 (2).
    From the viral social media feeds showing Chief Justice Mogoeng Mogoeng in fervent prayer for the nation, to professed Christian Thuli Madonsela’s careful expression of the separation between religion and state, faith identity in the public sphere emerges as anything but a straightforward matter. By placing ‘Christian’ in parenthesis, the 2019 theme of the Theological Society of South Africa conference acknowledged that leaders operate in negotiated spaces and confirmed the complexity of the context in which we attempt to conceptualise leadership (...)
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  52.  1
    Lifestyle and Leadership According to Paul’s Statement of Account Before the Ephesian Elders in Acts 20:17–35.Christoph W. Stenschke - 2020 - Hts Theological Studies 76 (2).
    In the book of Acts, the Apostle Paul provides examples of leadership and displays significant leadership skills. In the speech to church leaders from Ephesus in Acts 20, he is presented as giving an account of his approach, detailing all the challenges involved. This article analyses how the Paul of Acts understood his own leadership role, in particular, the need for integrity, emotional involvement in the process and ceaseless effort. The article also examines Paul’s emphasis on the necessity for leaders (...)
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  53.  1
    Transformational Diaconia as Educative Praxis in Care Within the Present Poverty-Stricken South African Context.Smith F. K. Tettey & Malan Nel - 2020 - Hts Theological Studies 76 (2).
    This article explores how ministerial and leadership formation could be enabled to adopt transformational diaconia in addressing poverty in South Africa, engaging in ways in which pastoral care and leadership formation can respond to the addressing of poverty. The fact that transformation aims at changing the worldviews, paradigms and approaches to life and problem solving informs the author’s concept of transformational diaconia, which was proposed as an aspect of spiritual leadership capital, defined as, ‘The inner virtues afforded individuals by their (...)
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  54.  2
    Racism Among White Afrikaner Adolescents: The Challenge of I-Thou (Buber) Relations.Sebastiaan van Dyk - 2020 - Hts Theological Studies 76 (2).
    This article was derived from my doctoral thesis, ‘Post-apartheid racism among Afrikaans speaking urban adolescents: A narrative-pastoral reflection’. The impetus for this study was the seemingly increasing occurrences of racism amongst post-apartheid Afrikaans-speaking urban adolescents in South Africa by taking a narrative practical theological perspective on the matter to help build meaningful cross-cultural dialogue. This study explored the level of dialogue of the participants using a postfoundational paradigm. Two questions guided the investigation: How deeply embedded are objectifying of cross-cultural relationships? (...)
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  55.  2
    Paul’s Biblical Patterns of Church Planting: An Effective Method to Achieve the Great Commission.Akinyemi O. Alawode - 2020 - Hts Theological Studies 76 (1).
    The mandate to make disciples of all nations remains the churches’ task before the return of Christ. Church planting is the best way to achieve this mandate. Hence, the biblical patterns as exemplified by Paul the apostle and their relevance to achieving the Great Commission have been the focus of this work. Paul shows through his patterns of church planting the relevance and influence of the Holy Spirit in establishing new centres of worship. Thus, contemporary church planters must seek to (...)
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  56.  2
    The Importance and Challenges of Money in Christian Missions.Akinyemi O. Alawode - 2020 - Hts Theological Studies 76 (1).
    Money is an essential element of everyday life. It is required to keep life going. However, the importance of money is not only in having it to meet one’s needs but also in the proper management of it. Like any other human endeavour, Christian missionary activities involve cash; one cannot talk about it without mentioning money. Nevertheless, money also poses a potential danger to the missionary enterprise. It is therefore important to pay attention to money-related issues in Christian missions because (...)
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  57.  1
    Politics in Christian Missions.Akinyemi O. Alawode - 2020 - Hts Theological Studies 76 (1).
    For decades, the mobilisation of Christian missions has encountered a number of setbacks and barriers because of several factors and elements that pose severe impediments to the conduct of missionary activities. Amongst these factors and elements, the involvement of politics in the activities of the Christian missions is prominent. The goal of the Christian missions is to expand the kingdom of God, as well as the salvation and restoration of lost souls, while the goal of politics is to secure power (...)
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  58.  3
    Mediating God's Relationality? A Trinitarian Perichoretic Critique of the Reliance on Anointed Objects in African Neo-Pentecostalism.Collium Banda - 2020 - Hts Theological Studies 76 (1):1-10.
    This article uses the perichoretic nature of the Trinity to evaluate the reliance on anointed objects as instruments of connecting with God amongst African neo-Pentecostal Christians. The article answers the question: from a perspective of the relationality of God, how can we evaluate the African neo-Pentecostal reliance on anointed objects to connect with God? The aim is to show that the perichoretic nature of the Trinity demands that a direct relationship with the Godhead be possible without the intermediary and impersonalising (...)
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  59.  3
    A Survey on Gender-Based Violence – The Paradox of Trust Between Women and Men in South Africa: A Missiological Scrutiny.Zuze J. Banda - 2020 - Hts Theological Studies 76 (1):1-9.
    South Africa continues to be plagued by gender-based violence. Recurring incidents of GBV cram news tabloids, social and electronic media, creating the impression of a country at war with itself. Of great concern is that, at the centre of these killings, men are allegedly the main culprits. This then has unleashed national protest campaigns, one notably, by the name #menaretrash, led by activists, mostly women, who angrily voice their disquiet against men. As a response, it was followed by another, namely, (...)
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  60.  2
    Mission Studies at South African Higher Education Institutions: An Ethical and Decolonial Perspective in the Quest to ‘Colour’ the Discipline.Eugene Baron - 2020 - Hts Theological Studies 76 (1).
    The recent debate on decolonisation calls for all academic disciplines, including missiology modules, at public universities to reflect on its content, curriculum and pedagogies. However, the danger is always that to ‘de-…’ might lead to an exclusivist and essentialist pattern of a person or institution, and an act that does not take all epistemic communities seriously. The author argues in this article that such tendencies would not be conducive in South Africa, a country with a rich heritage of various cultures. (...)
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  61.  3
    A Womanist Theological Engagement of Triple Patriarchy and its Implications on (Ejagham) Women’s Liberation.Tabe J. O. E. Benoni-Wang & Vuyani S. Vellem - 2020 - Hts Theological Studies 76 (1).
    This article seeks through Ejagham women’s experience in the ritual dances of Ngbokondem and Moninkim to engage the notion of patriarchal control of African women’s sexuality in ‘female genital mutilation’ discourses as postulated by second-wave feminist theorists such as Daly, Koedt, Hosken and so on. A firmly based patriarchy threatens culture, sexuality and identity; the article shows how women use varied coping mechanisms, including aid schemes, sexual insurgency and even breaking of bodies to define their place and identity in a (...)
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  62.  3
    The Trinitarian and Christological Minnemystik of the Flemish Beguine Hadewijch of Antwerp.Johann Beukes - 2020 - Hts Theological Studies 76 (1).
    This article provides an original reappraisal of the notion of Minnemystik in the work of the 13th-century Flemish beguine Hadewijch of Antwerp, with specific reference to its Trinitarian and Christological orientations. After an introduction to the nature and origins of Hadewijch’s work, relating to the discovery of four extant manuscripts in Belgium in 1838, followed by an elucidation of the experience-driven epistemology of the Victorians Richard of St Victor and Hugo of St Victor as her key early scholastic influences, Hadewijch’s (...)
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  63.  5
    Die triomf van ‘n post-skolastieke mistiek oor skolastieke lojalisme: Gersonius versus Ruusbroec (postuum), 1399.Johann Beukes - 2020 - Hts Theological Studies 76 (1).
    The triumph of a post-scholastic mysticism over scholastic loyalism:Gerson versus Ruusbroec, 1399. This article provides an introduction to the thought of the Flemish-Brabant 14th-century mystical thinker, Jan van Ruusbroec, with special attention to the explosion in the niche research from 1981 to 2017. Ruusbroec is presented as a ‘post-scholastic’ thinker, who in an idiosyncratic way, transcended the high-scholastic aspirations of absolute clarity and certainty about God and human existence. His thought is contextualised within a polemical, posthumous context, namely the attempt (...)
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  64.  3
    The Cognitive Biases of Human Mind in Accepting and Transmitting Religious and Theological Beliefs: An Analysis Based on the Cognitive Science of Religion.Sayyed M. Biabanaki - 2020 - Hts Theological Studies 76 (1):1-9.
    The cognitive science of religion is an emerging field of cognitive science that gathers insights from different disciplines to explain how humans acquire and transmit religious beliefs. For the CSR scholars, the human mental tools have specific biases that make them susceptible to acceptance and transmission of religious beliefs. This article examines the characteristics of these biases and how they work, and shows that although our innate cognitive tendencies make our minds generally receptive to religion, they do not explain the (...)
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  65.  1
    Micah 2:9 and the Traumatic Effects of Depriving Children of Their Parents.Blessing O. Boloje - 2020 - Hts Theological Studies 76 (1).
    The Hebrew Bible and/or the Old Testament is replete with narratives of families that are devastated and separated by the unfaithfulness of injustice. Such situations are mostly seen to be theologically reprehensible and morally unacceptable. In the book of Micah, the fluidity of the rhetorical characterisation of those who opposed moral values and the godly voice is manifested in shameful actions against women and children. Since children who are deprived of parents are victims, this article attempts to examine Micah 2:9 (...)
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  66.  1
    Ecodomy as Education in Tertiary Institutions. Teaching Theology and Religion in a Globalised World: African Perspectives.Johan Buitendag & Corneliu C. Simuț - 2020 - Hts Theological Studies 76 (1).
    On 29 July 2017, an international colloquium entitled ‘Re-Imagining Curricula for a Just University in a Vibrant Democracy – Carrying the Conversation Forward’ was held at the Faculty of Theology, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, South Africa. A wide range of scholars from African and non-African countries provided variegated perspectives on how tertiary theological and religious education could contribute positively to the development of contemporary societies – African and non-African. This article focuses on the colloquium’s African contributors by means of the (...)
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  67.  2
    Hebrews 12:9 Revisited: The Background of the Phrase 'and Live'.Albert J. Coetsee - 2020 - Hts Theological Studies 76 (1):1-11.
    In this article, the background of the phrase 'and live' in Hebrews 12:9 is investigated. Although most scholars are silent on the matter, the majority of those who venture to propose a possible background vaguely refer to Proverbs 6:23b. Only a handful of scholars propose other backgrounds. This article aims to fill this lacuna. The first part of the article gives an overview of the argument of Hebrews 12:9 in its context to determine a baseline for the interpretation of the (...)
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  68.  4
    Lev Karsavin: Theological Path of All-Unity.Oleg Davydov - 2020 - Hts Theological Studies 76 (1):1-5.
    This article introduces the theological and philosophical thoughts of Lev Karsavin, who was one of the most creative representatives of Russian religious philosophy in the early 20th century. His conception was historically the last amongst the great systems of Russian metaphysics of all-unity. This conception gave an opportunity for developing an understanding of the relations between God and the world, and the act of creation as gift of God.
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  69.  5
    Socio-Religious Implications of the Bond Between Democracy and Theocracy in Nigeria.Benjamin Diara & Favour Uroko - 2020 - Hts Theological Studies 76 (1):1-8.
    Democracy as an administrative system is maintained through party representation and election in which everybody is duly represented, and through a constitution which is prepared in the interest of equity, justice and egalitarianism, and through the rule of law which does not permit any form of preferential or partial treatment and judgement. In Nigeria, democracy came into real existence on 29 May 1999. Coincidentally, sharia, which is the theocratic legal system of Islam, was adopted in Zamfara State followed by some (...)
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  70.  3
    Ethnic Reasoning and Early Christian Identity: A Pauline Theological Perspective.Philip La Grange Du Toit - 2020 - Hts Theological Studies 76 (1):1-9.
    Within the ethnic-reasoning position, which has gained momentum in recent years, it is argued that in the in-Christ identity there exists no dichotomy between natural, physical relationships and constructed, made-up relationships. Ethnicity is viewed as fluid and changeable and as including the category of religion, which is understood as involving a nation's culture and their cultic and ritualistic practices. Yet, it is a question whether these notions are compatible with the way in which the in-Christ identity is portrayed, especially by (...)
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  71.  1
    Religio-Cultural Heritage of Libation, Memory and Obang Cultural History, Northwest Cameroon.Felix K. Esoh & Chammah J. Kaunda - 2020 - Hts Theological Studies 76 (1):1-8.
    This article argues that libation, often associated with the ancestors, artefacts, images and pre-Christian religious devotions, constitutes sources for articulating authentic African cultural history of Obang community in the Northwest Region of Cameroon. It highlights that among traditional memory carriers, the ritual of libation remains trust worthy and pervasive, even among communities challenged by globalisation and colonising effects of Christianity. The article demonstrates the immense potentials of libation as an epitome and stabiliser of cultural memory, and a maxim in cultural (...)
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  72.  6
    Critical Dimensions of Ethical Competence in Intercultural Religious Education: An Analysis with Special Regard to Three Scandinavian Curricular Arenas.Olof Franck - 2020 - Hts Theological Studies 76 (1).
    The central theme in the discussion of how education about religion can, and should, be developed in pluralistic societies concerns challenges and opportunities involving intercultural religious education. One example is Robert Jackson’s report Signposts, commissioned by the Council of Europe, in which various aspects of intercultural competence are captured and made visible regarding a religious didactic context. Here, different dimensions of what can be described as ‘ethical competence’ appear to be central. In this article, the interpretive approach, strongly connected with (...)
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  73.  3
    A Missiology of Progress: Assessing Advancement in the Bible Translation Movement.Kirk J. Franklin - 2020 - Hts Theological Studies 76 (1).
    Statistical analysis has been a common method for determining progress in missional activity. In the case of Bible translation, measurable statistics have been readily available showing progress. However, there have been gaps such as biblical, sociological, theological and missiological factors. The aim of this study is to consider broader factors than just quantifiable measurements that could be used to develop a missiological foundation for missional progress, especially for Bible translation. The setting was to analyse inputs from leaders within the Bible (...)
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  74.  2
    New Religions as the Postsecular Epiphenomenon of Globalisation in the Contemporary Ukrainian Society.Irina Grabovska, Tetiana Talko & Tetiana Vlasova - 2020 - Hts Theological Studies 76 (1):1-6.
    The tendencies of postsecularism in the social life of today's Ukraine are especially significant in their influence on the quasi-religious context of religious worships practiced in the country. These factors erode the modernity basis of the society, and Ukraine appears in the contradictory situation of its intention to complete the modernisation process and oppose the antiglobalistic isolationism. The neo-Protestant teachings and practices are obviouly connected with the principles of liberalism and consumerism. Neo-Oriental and new syncretic religions show that they produce (...)
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  75.  1
    Controversial and Paradoxical Theological Approaches to the Issue of ‘Descent of the Qur’Ān’.Hüseyin Halil - 2020 - Hts Theological Studies 76 (1).
    In Islam, there is a belief that Allah has a ‘throne’ [al-ʿArsh, the highest level of the heavens] in the sky and that Allah sent the Qurʾān directly from that throne or through an angel. According to this belief, the Qurʾān descended from the seventh level of the heavens to the first level and then completed its descent to the earth in pieces over 23 years. Accordingly, the Qurʾān descended from a certain place with determined borders, namely from the throne (...)
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  76.  3
    Worship as Primary Ethical Act: Barth on Romans 12.Marthinus J. Havenga - 2020 - Hts Theological Studies 76 (1):1-7.
    Following the centenary year of the publication of the first edition of Karl Barth’s Der Römerbrief, this article attempts to look at what a contemporary South African audience could potentially learn from Barth’s reading of Romans 12. This article begins with a few preliminary remarks on the reading of Barth in both apartheid and post-apartheid South Africa, and asks whether his theology still has any role to play in current theological and ethical discourses. After arguing that Barth might still have (...)
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  77.  2
    Korean Theologians’ Deep-Seated Anti-Missionary Sentiment.Jae-Buhm Hwang - 2020 - Hts Theological Studies 76 (1).
    This study examines a deep-seated anti-missionary sentiment of Korean theologians and church historians. Chai-Choon Kim and Jong-Sung Rhee were arguably most responsible for popularizing anti-missionary sentiment among Korean Christians. The main reason for the criticisms of both Kim and Rhee against the American Presbyterian Korea missionaries was the supposedly fundamentalist schisms of the Presbyterian Church of Korea in the 1950s, which both Kim and Rhee reasoned to have been originated from their Old Princeton theology. The theological rationale of both Kim (...)
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  78.  1
    Spirit Baptism and the Doctrine of Initial Evidence in African Pentecostal Christianity: A Critical Analysis.Mookgo S. Kgatle - 2020 - Hts Theological Studies 76 (1):1-7.
    Pentecostalism is known for the belief in Spirit baptism that is accompanied by the doctrine of initial evidence, that is, speaking in tongues. The practice of the doctrine of initial evidence has become a unique feature of Pentecostalism for many years since its beginning. Similarly, Spirit baptism and the doctrine of initial evidence are practised in African Pentecostal Christianity, especially in classical Pentecostal churches and charismatic movements. However, there are challenges with this doctrine: speaking in tongues is perceived as the (...)
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  79.  2
    Socially Just Pedagogies and Social Justice: The Intersection of Teaching Ethics at Higher Education Level and Social Justice.John S. Klaasen - 2020 - Hts Theological Studies 76 (1).
    This article is part of a longer term project between the Department of Religion and Theology at the University of the Western Cape and Umea University in Sweden. At both the institutions the teaching of ethics as a module within social science curricula has been an important focus area. The critical investigation of the growth of the ethics modules in the Department of Religion and Theology addresses questions of the growth in the number of students taking ethics as a module (...)
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  80.  2
    When Great Tao Vanished, We Got “Goodness and Morality”.Douglas G. Lawrie - 2020 - Hts Theological Studies 76 (1).
    Modules in ethics have become astonishingly popular at the University of the Western Cape. This could reflect students’ concern about morality, but the saying by Lafargue in Tao te ching in the title suggests that moral discourse flourishes when moral behaviour is languishing. This article reflects on some 15 years of teaching ethical theory to third-year students. Three trends are identified: Students’ responses to the theories are unpredictable and surprising. Nietzsche and Kant are very popular, although some modern ‘contextual’ theories (...)
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  81.  1
    Resistance to Lutheran Missionary Activities Through Antagonism, Traditional Beliefs, Customs and Practices: The Case of the Bapedi Tribe in Limpopo Province, South Africa.Morakeng E. K. Lebaka - 2020 - Hts Theological Studies 76 (1).
    Before the intervention of the missionaries in Bapedi society, the traditional beliefs, customs and practices, such as traditional healing, circumcision, polygamy, indigenous music and rituals, had a vibrant existence. These practices had been prevalent for centuries before the arrival of Christianity. After the missionaries of all church denominations were welcomed in Bapedi society to establish churches and schools as the main vehicles for the dissemination of European culture, confusion started to build. In this article, I will highlight the reaction of (...)
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  82.  3
    The Restitution of Roman Catholic Church Land to Indigenous People in Post-Apartheid South Africa: 1994-2014.Mokone B. Lephoto - 2020 - Hts Theological Studies 76 (1):1-9.
    The political and legal perspectives on and understanding of the process of land reform in South Africa differ from the church's vision and understanding on what land reform entails. Currently, land reform through the restitution of church land to indigenous people is still not solved to all party's satisfaction, although this issue is on the table since 1994. The research focuses on the actions by the Roman Catholic Church that argued that 'society ensures justice when it provides the conditions that (...)
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  83.  2
    Ethical Competence Expressed in Students’ Written Texts.Annika Lilja - 2020 - Hts Theological Studies 76 (1).
    Teaching ethics in compulsory school regained urgency some years ago in Sweden when National Tests in ethics were introduced. Students were evaluated as having or not having the ethics knowledge required. The aim of this study is to investigate what aspects of ethical competence students express in texts from National Tests, and to investigate what cultural tools 12- and 15-year-old students use in their texts about a given ethical situation. A qualitative content analysis was performed in three steps. In the (...)
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  84.  6
    ‘Adam’s Istifā’ in Qur’an and Human Evolution.Farzaneh R. Mashhadi - 2020 - Hts Theological Studies 76 (1).
    Qur’an states about ‘Adam’s Istifā’ or selection of Adam over all the people of the world, along with Noah, Āl-e-Imrān and Āl-e-Ibrāhim. The commentators have interpreted the ‘Istifā’ as ‘God’s selection’. If Adam is the first human to step into the world, what does God mean from ‘his selection over all the people of the world’? The followers of the evolutionary reading of the text of the Qur’an use this verse and determine that ‘Adam’ is the chosen person amongst human (...)
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  85.  2
    The Concept of Work in the Theological Teachings of Rabbi Avraham Yitzchak Kook.Amir Mashiach - 2020 - Hts Theological Studies 76 (1).
    This article aims to understand the concept of work in the teachings of Rabbi Avraham Yitzchak Hacohen Kook. As the person who had the maximum impact on the religious Zionist sector, with its guiding principle of Torah va’avodah, meaning Torah and work, it is necessary to clarify his attitude towards work. Did he perceive work as a necessity, a part of one’s duty to support the members of the household, or perhaps also as an ideological value, part of a worldview (...)
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  86.  5
    Investigating the Nature of and Relation Between Masculinity and Religiosity and/or Spirituality in a Postcolonial and Post-Apartheid South Africa.Juanita Meyer - 2020 - Hts Theological Studies 76 (1):1-10.
    This article narrates the researcher's intention in using a mixed methodology for investigating the correlation between two key research concepts that form part of a larger research study. The larger study aims to reflect on how South African men understand their masculine role from and within their specific religion/spirituality by measuring the nature of the relationship between the constructs of masculine ideology and religious orientation in the development of a male gender identity. Subsequently, the first level of exploration includes the (...)
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  87.  16
    Being Human in the Time of Covid-19.Johann-Albrecht Meylahn - 2020 - Hts Theological Studies 76 (1).
    The novel coronavirus – officially named severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2, causing a disease which has flu-like symptoms – seems to be responsible for the current global lockdown or maybe one can even refer to it as a global event. Neither the virus nor the disease that it causes is truly novel, as the virus is part of the SARS virus family and therefore known, and likewise the symptoms of the disease are also well known, even flu-like, and therefore (...)
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  88.  1
    Healing History, Healing a Nation: A Prophetic Practical Pastoral Ministry of Care.Mabutho Mkandla & Yolanda Dreyer - 2020 - Hts Theological Studies 76 (1).
    In the late 19th century, colonial powers sought to destroy the Mthwakazi or Ndebele state in what is now Matabeleland in the south west region of Zimbabwe, to subdue and dominate its people. The people of Matabeleland suffered heavy losses of cattle and land. Paradoxically, these injustices did not end with the collapse of colonialism. Since independence in 1980, the people of Matabeleland have been victims of political violence, which has left thousands dead and many without a livelihood. Nothing came (...)
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  89. Aspects of Political Theology in the Spiritual Autobiography of Mother Teresa of Calcutta.Iuliu-Marius Morariu - 2020 - Hts Theological Studies 76 (1).
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  90.  1
    Powerful Knowledge? A Multidimensional Ethical Competence Through a Multitude of Narratives.Christina Osbeck - 2020 - Hts Theological Studies 76 (1).
    High-quality education has been considered important for social justice, although what good education means is contested. A project aimed at identifying varieties of conceptions of ethical competence was presented as well as another that focused on a fiction-based approach to ethics education. A multidimensional ethical competence mediated through a multitude of narratives was shown as a strong contribution to EE. The aim was to discuss as to what extent such a multidimensional ethical competence mediated through a multitude of narratives could (...)
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  91.  3
    I Believe in God: Content Analysis of the First Article of the Christian Faith Based on a Literature Review.Jonathan A. Rúa Penagos & Iván D. Toro Jaramillo - 2020 - Hts Theological Studies 76 (1):1-7.
    Today, there are different understandings of the first article on the content of the Christian faith, for which an analysis from a theological perspective is necessary. This research sought to reveal the meaning of the first article on the content of the Christian faith in recent theological works that have been produced, through the use of a hermeneutic exercise, conducting a bibliometric and categorical analysis and using NVivo software to analyse the qualitative data. We concluded that the recent theological literature (...)
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  92.  1
    The Grounded Theory Methodology to Conduct Content Analysis of Sermons and Interviews: Critique and Response.Hendrik J. C. Pieterse - 2020 - Hts Theological Studies 76 (1):1-5.
    The search for a good method to analyse sermon content has been prevailing since the past decades to evaluate current practice so as to construct better theories for practice. I think that we have found it in the methodology of inductive, qualitative research of the Grounded Theory methodology. In this article, I am going to use the Grounded Theory approach to describe the phases of qualitative empirical research, namely, literature study, sampling, open coding of the data, selective coding of additional (...)
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  93.  2
    Women, Priests and Patriarchal Ecclesial Spaces in the Anglican Church of Southern Africa: On 'Interruption' as a Transformative Rhetorical Strategy.Miranda N. Pillay - 2020 - Hts Theological Studies 76 (1).
    In spite of the presence of women in previously male-dominated ecclesial spaces, patriarchal normativity continues to be re-inscribed through the reproduction of knowledge, which sustains skewed gender power relations amongst the clergy. This was a case in point when a newly ordained woman priest in the Anglican Church of Southern Africa was recently addressed as, and given the official title, ‘mother’ during the vestment ritual at a church service where she was to celebrate the Eucharist for the first time. This (...)
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  94.  1
    Servant Leadership and Shepherd Leadership: The Missing Dynamic in Pastoral Integrity in South Africa Today.Kelebogile T. Resane - 2020 - Hts Theological Studies 76 (1):1-8.
    This article aims to give a full definition of servant leadership and shepherd leadership by comparing and contrasting the two texts of Jeremiah 23 and John 10. The notion of 'shepherd' or 'shepherding' is analysed and brought into the current debate on servant leadership. The shepherd metaphor used in the two passages is contextualised to the South African pastoral leadership situation, especially with regard to pastoral integrity. The status of pastoral leadership in the South African church community is highlighted as (...)
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  95.  1
    ‘Adam’s Istifā’ in Qur’an and Human Evolution.Farzaneh Rohanimashhadi - 2020 - Hts Theological Studies 76 (1).
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  96.  3
    The Quest for Hermeneutics of Appropriation as a Thematic Approach for Critical Biblical Interpretation.Temba Rugwiji - 2020 - Hts Theological Studies 76 (1):1-11.
    This study attempts to promulgate a method called 'hermeneutics of appropriation' as a thematic approach of a scientific research. 'Hermeneutics' is not the same as 'appropriation'; hermeneutics refers to a science of interpretation, whereas appropriation depicts an idea of adoption. Hermeneutics of appropriation employs themes as opposed to contextual biblical hermeneutics that focuses largely on contemporary interpretation of biblical narratives. Thus, adopting the phrase 'hermeneutics of appropriation' presents the idea of a scientific interpretation of a theme that is applied in (...)
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  97.  3
    Religious Statecraft: Narratives of Persecution and Diplomacy in the Case of Byzantine, Aksum and Himyar.Rugare Rukuni - 2020 - Hts Theological Studies 76 (1).
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  98.  1
    Contextualising Religious Education – Different Understandings of Teaching in Sami Confirmation Courses.Johan Runemark Brydsten - 2020 - Hts Theological Studies 76 (1).
    For the last 30 years, the Church of Sweden, along with other institutions, has offered special confirmation courses for the church’s young Sami members. The organisers and teachers involved with these Sami confirmation courses all stress the necessity of adapting their teaching to fit Sami contexts. Their views are supported by various steering documents, but the wording of these documents leaves room for differing interpretations, which has resulted in multiple understandings of what concrete adjustments should be implemented in the teaching.The (...)
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  99.  3
    'The Fruits Are Very Good and Inexpensive': Natural History and Religious Ideology in the Book Shaarei Yerushalayim.Abraham O. Shemesh - 2020 - Hts Theological Studies 76 (1):1-8.
    The book Shaarei Yerushalayim, written by R. Moshe Reicher, contains contemporary information on 19th-century Eretz Israel. Reicher perceived his compilation as a religious cultural moderator between the Holy Land and the Jews in the Diaspora, in which he reported to the Jews of Galicia on various aspects related to the land. This article discusses his descriptions of local food crops and the messages he attempted to convey to his readers through botanical means. Reicher describes some 70 species of fruits and (...)
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  100. Moving Beyond Confessional Theologies and Secular Philosophies About the World: Towards an Ecodomic Public Attitude About Nature.Corneliu C. Simuț - 2020 - Hts Theological Studies 76 (1).
    This article is firstly an investigation of traditional Christian thought about the world with the purpose of establishing whether Christianity’s three main confessions share similar concerns about the current situation of nature. Secondly, the investigation is followed by a comparison between the common features of these three confessional theologies and similar patterns of thought in the secular world, with the intention of finding ecological issues that are common not only to the three confessional theologies but also to secular philosophies. Thirdly, (...)
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  101.  2
    Re-Examining a Theology of Reconciliation: What We Learn From the Kairos Document and its Pedagogical Implications.Demaine J. Solomons - 2020 - Hts Theological Studies 76 (1).
    This contribution is derived from a more extensive 2018 PhD study in which the contested nature of the discourses on reconciliation is explored. It provides a conceptual analysis of how reconciliation is understood in the Kairos Document. Regarded as an outstanding example of a theological response to the problem of apartheid, what is often overlooked is the tension implicit in its approach which, in turn, has serious implications for how matters of social justice are understood and acted upon. Here, the (...)
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  102.  1
    Ethics in Compulsory Education – Human Dignity, Rights and Social Justice in Five Contexts.Karin Sporre - 2020 - Hts Theological Studies 76 (1).
    What children learn through their ethics and values education in school is of crucial societal relevance and is directed by school curricula. As curricula vary between countries, an international comparison is of interest. The aim of this study was to compare curricula to reveal variations in how matters of social justice were described in curricular texts, with a special focus on class, gender and race. Curricula from five different contexts were compared: Namibia; South Africa; California State, United States of America; (...)
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  103. Ouderling En Oud-Ouderling Sarel Cilliers.Piet J. Strauss - 2020 - Hts Theological Studies 76 (1).
    Sarel Cilliers as an elder or former elder in church: The well-known Voortrekker Sarel Cilliers was in the first place not recognised as a military or cultural leader, but a spiritual leader and respected elder in church. Apart from his emotional approach to the affairs of the Dutch Reformed Church of which he was a member in a congregation, Cilliers was a reformed member who strifed to obey the Bible, the Reformed confessions of faith and the so-called law of his (...)
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  104.  1
    Preserving the Values of Cultural Negotiation Through Social Learning: ‘Two Religion Community Life’ Case Study in Phattalung, Southeast Thailand.Sri Sumarni & Abdulaziz K. Kalupae - 2020 - Hts Theological Studies 76 (1).
    Prolonged conflict on the southern Thailand border still continues, especially in four provinces – Pattani, Yala, Narathivat, and Satun. These four provinces are the home base of the Malay-Muslim community. However, conflicts have almost never occurred in the province of Phattalung, particularly in the region called ‘Two Religion Community Life’. This is because people can find solutions to every problem using cultural negotiation. This research aims to describe the results of cultural negotiation and social learning between Muslims and Buddhists in (...)
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  105.  3
    Street Homelessness in South Africa: A Perspective From the Methodist Church of Southern Africa.Noah K. Tenai & Gloria N. Mbewu - 2020 - Hts Theological Studies 76 (1):1-10.
    Homelessness and its various forms of manifestation are a complex phenomenon. Street homelessness, which is the subject of this study, continues to be a challenge for the South African people and government. Different research studies have been undertaken on street homelessness. Various frameworks have been used in an attempt to understand and respond to street homelessness. Churches continue as key role-players in responses to street homelessness. There is a need, however, for churches to continually evaluate the various approaches to street (...)
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  106.  1
    Characterisation of Thomas in the Fourth Gospel.Johnson Thomaskutty - 2020 - Hts Theological Studies 76 (1):1-8.
    Thomas appears four times within the narrative framework of the Fourth Gospel. His presence in the Gospel introduces some of the strategic transitions within the macro-narrative structure. The following are some of the crucial moments that are introduced through the entry of Thomas: firstly, Thomas' character is brought to the foreground towards the end of Jesus' public ministry, where a transition is underway through Lazarus' death and raising to Jesus' death and resurrection ; secondly, he appears as a significant interlocutor (...)
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  107.  3
    Rediscovering the Ancient Hermeneutic of Rebekah's Character.Oleg M. Tsymbalyuk & Valery V. Melnik - 2020 - Hts Theological Studies 76 (1):1-8.
    A careful evaluation of well-documented historical data, along with ancient and modern theological writings, reveals the matriarch Rebekah as one of the most important and controversial individuals of the biblical narrative. Her exceptional beauty, hospitality, morality, faithfulness and sacrificial love were highly admired and praised as iconic by ancient historians, philosophers, the Hebrew community, the Church Fathers and numerous other scholars; yet, some theologians and clerics of the past few 100 years have depicted Rebekah in a negative light. This article (...)
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  108.  1
    Cosmogonic or Creation Myths A Mythical, Philosophical and Theological Interpretation of the Diverse Cosmogonic Myths: In Conversation with Charles Long.Johan A. Van Rooyen - 2020 - Hts Theological Studies 76 (1).
    Cosmogonic myths, also referred to as creation myths, are theological and philosophical explanations of ancient myths of creation within a religious Homo sapien hamlet. In the context of this article, the word myth is attributed to the extravagant quixotic interpretation in anecdote of what is accomplished or ceased as a key or essential phenomenon. The terms or language concepts of cosmogonic or creation invoke the start of things, whether by the desire and action of a surpass Actuality, by emergence from (...)
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  109. Die Debatteerbare Kerkregtelike Relevansie Tussen 1618, 1816 En 1951 in Verhouding Tot Die Kerkorde van Die Nederduitsch Hervormde Kerk van Afrika. [REVIEW]Barry J. van Wyk - 2020 - Hts Theological Studies 76 (1).
    The debatable church orderly relevance between 1618, 1816 and 1951 in relation to the church order of the Netherdutch Reformed Church of Africa: The above-mentioned dates from the past, although distant from each other, are linked to each other and influential in the church law debate, even in recent times. The intention of this paper is to link the dates as well as the events associated with the mentioned dates from the past with the church order of the Netherdutch Reformed (...)
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  110.  1
    Kerkordelike Toleransie En Die Reg van Usansie.Barry J. Van Wyk - 2020 - Hts Theological Studies 76 (1).
    A tolerant treatment of church order and the law of usance: This article discusses the recent decline of church polity in the Netherdutch Reformed Church which is obvious in different areas of the Church with special reference to the liturgy practised in sermons of some congregations. This decline is also observed in other churches in South Africa and abroad. The article is a reaction to the reason for this situation and indicates that it should not be found in a collegialistic (...)
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  111.  2
    The Pronunciation of Identical Consecutive Letters in the Yemenite Jewish Tradition.Uri Zur - 2020 - Hts Theological Studies 76 (1).
    This article examines the pronunciation of identical consecutive letters in the Yemenite Jewish tradition, with a basic comparison with the pronunciation of identical letters in other present-day traditions. It is notable that in the Yemenite tradition also there are differences of opinion as to the pronunciation of these letters as a result of the effect of their pronunciation in other present-day traditions. In this article, we present the fundamental views with regard to the pronunciation of identical consecutive letters as well (...)
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