Year:

  1. Interpreting the David–Bathsheba Narrative (2 Sm 11:2–4) as a Response by the Church in Nigeria to Masculine Abuse of Power for Sexual Assault. [REVIEW]Solomon O. Ademiluka - 2021 - HTS Theological Studies 77 (4):1-11.
    Sexual violence against women is a social problem all over the world, including Nigeria. This article examines the David–Bathsheba narrative against this background, relating it to the problem of masculine abuse of power for sexual assault in Nigeria. It also attempts to find out how the church in Nigeria could use the narrative as a textual basis for responding to this problem. The article is targeted at Nigerians who abuse masculine power in this way, the women who need to be (...)
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  2. Taking a Holistic View of the Biblical Perspectives on Childlessness: Implications for Nigerian Christians and the Church in Nigeria.Solomon O. Ademiluka - 2021 - HTS Theological Studies 77 (4):1-10.
    The belief amongst some Christians that it is God’s plan for everyone to have children, and that barrenness is a punishment from God is apparently derived from the Old Testament. This article attempts a holistic study of the biblical perspectives on childlessness with a view to ascertain whether procreation is a moral responsibility of every individual. The target group includes Nigerian Christian couples suffering from infertility. The article employs the descriptive and exegetical methods. The study revealed that the belief that (...)
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  3. Patriarchy and Marital Disharmony Amongst Nigerian Christians: Ephesians 5:22–33 as a Response.Solomon O. Ademiluka - 2021 - HTS Theological Studies 77 (4):1-9.
    This article employs the descriptive and exegetical methods. It found several ways by which patriarchy precipitates marital disharmony in Nigeria. For instance, the custom of the bride price instils in the husband the feeling of ownership of the wife, which encourages some men to treat their wives like their property. The nature of marital disharmony varies with couples, but there are some common characteristics. The husband may withdraw from his wife, avoiding all forms of contact and communication with her; wife (...)
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  4. The Sufi Order Against Religious Radicalism in Indonesia.Maghfur Ahmad, Abdul Aziz, Mochammad N. Afad, Siti M. Muniroh & Husnul Qodim - 2021 - HTS Theological Studies 77 (4).
    This study aimed to analyse the contribution of the Sufi order in stemming religion-based violence as a form of the Sufis’ response to rampant violence, extremism and religious radicalism. This study used a qualitative method in which the data were obtained through interviews, observation and documentation. Then they were analysed by using an interactive model. This study was carried out in three Sufi communities of the Sufi order Qadariyah wan Naqshabandiyah in Indonesia, namely in Suryalaya Islamic Boarding School, Futuhiyyah Islamic (...)
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  5. Exploring the Reasons for Perennial Attacks on Churches in Nigeria Through the Victims’ Perspective.Enweonwu O. Anthony, Cletus O. Obasi, Deborah O. Obi, Benjamin O. Ajah, Okpanocha S. Okpan, Chukwuemeka D. Onyejegbu, Aloysius C. Obiwulu & Emeka M. Onwuama - 2021 - HTS Theological Studies 77 (4).
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  6. Theology of Health of Quranic Pesantren in the Time of COVID-19.Ahmad Baidowi, Ahmad Salehudin, Abdul Mustaqim, Saifuddin Z. Qudsy & Nurul Hak - 2021 - HTS Theological Studies 77 (4).
    Applying the dormitory system for thousands of santri, Quranic pesantren has been considered as one of the main culprits in the spread of the coronavirus disease 2019. Such assumption is created solely from the applicable health protocols and protective measures to avoid COVID-19 transmission in pesantren. As a matter of fact, pesantrens are known to have applied a distinctive way of coping with COVID-19. This study aims to elucidate the theology of health of Quranic pesantren in the face of COVID-19. (...)
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  7.  2
    The Paradox of the Reopening of Schools Under the Lockdown – An Exposure of the Continued Inequalities Within the South African Educational Sector: A Theological Decolonial View.Magezi E. Baloyi - 2021 - HTS Theological Studies 77 (4).
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  8.  2
    The 'Coming-Out' of a Hero: The Character of Esther in LXX-Esther Revisited.Sanrie M. De Beer - 2021 - HTS Theological Studies 77 (4):1-9.
    The account of the hero is often depicted as a narratological journey which, with reference to the ground-breaking work of Campbell, is referred to as the monomyth. The basic outline of all monomyths is an account of how a hero embarks on a journey, meets a major crisis and then returns back home altered in some way. This change does not only benefit the hero but is also to the advantage of the community that he or she hails from. This (...)
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  9.  3
    Neoplatonism in the Cologne Tradition of the Later Middle Ages: Berthold of Moosburg (Ca. 1300–1361) as Case Study.Johann Beukes - 2021 - HTS Theological Studies 77 (4):1-15.
    The objective of this article is to present an overview, based on the most recent specialist research, of Neoplatonist developments in the Cologne tradition of the later Middle Ages, with specific reference to a unique Proclian commentary presented by the German Albertist Dominican, Berthold of Moosburg. Situating Berthold in the post-Eckhart Dominican crisis of the 1340s and 1350s, his rehabilitating initiative of presenting this extensive commentary on the Neoplatonist Proclus Lycaeus’ Elements of Theology in his Expositio super Elementationem theologicam Procli, (...)
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  10.  2
    The Case for Post-Scholasticism as an Internal Period Indicator in Medieval Philosophy.Johann Beukes - 2021 - HTS Theological Studies 77 (4):1-13.
    This article responds to a critical research challenge in Medieval philosophy scholarship regarding the internal periodisation of the register. By arguing the case for ‘post-scholasticism’ as an internal period indicator, defined as ‘the transformation of high scholasticism on the basis of a selective departure thereof’, the article specifies a predisposition in the majority of introductions to and commentaries in Medieval philosophy to proceed straight from 1349 to 1464, understating 115 years of pertinent Medieval philosophical discourse. It is argued that in (...)
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  11. The 50-Year Jubileum of the Society for the Promotion of Eriugenian Studies in the John Scottus Eriugena (815–877) Research, 1970–2020. [REVIEW]Johann Beukes - 2021 - HTS Theological Studies 77 (4).
    This article charters the history and work of the Society for the Promotion of Eriugenian Studies, which celebrated its 50-year jubileum in 2020. After a brief introduction to the thought of John Scottus Eriugena, with emphasis on his primary text, Periphyseon, written between 864 and 866 and condemned as heretical in 1050, 1059, 1210 and finally in 1225, the development of SPES over the past five decades is surveyed in detail and connected to an outstanding work published in the Brill’s (...)
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  12.  1
    The African Church’s Application of Anointing Oil: An Expression of Christian Spirituality or a Display of Fetish Ancestral Religion?Joel K. T. Biwul - 2021 - HTS Theological Studies 77 (4):1-10.
    The content of Christian spirituality that made waves since the inception of the early church soon took on different contours as the faith got adapted to different gentile contexts. The expression of this faith, along with its liturgical symbolism and sacramental observances, is still gaining momentum in African Christianity. The emerging practice of the use of ‘anointing oil’ in its religious expression is receiving more attention than the Christ of the Gospel. In this article, we argue that against its primitive (...)
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  13. Psalm 27:4 – To Reflect in His Temple: Communion with YHWH as the Culmination of the Journey of Life.Philippus J. Botha - 2021 - HTS Theological Studies 77 (4).
    Since the time of Mowinckel, the verb בקר in Psalm 27:4 was often interpreted as referring to a priest’s function of examining an offering. The parallel part of the verse and other intratextual and intertextual considerations render this interpretation of the verb improbable. The context of the psalm and the cluster of Psalms 25–34, as well as parallels Psalm 27 has with Psalm 23, suggest that the verb בקר refers to reflection on the privilege of being in YHWH’s presence. The (...)
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  14. A Socio-Historical Study of the Adoption Imagery in Galatians.Chih Wei Chang - 2021 - HTS Theological Studies 77 (4):1-10.
    This study investigated how Paul’s Jewish background, including some elements of pre-rabbinical Jewish literature, influenced the letter to the Galatians with regard to the concept of adoption. As Paul was writing to a Gentile audience, wanting to persuade them to return to the true gospel, metaphors of adoption, embedded in the understanding of the Graeco-Roman household, became effective communication bridges to reach his audience. Within this framework, Israel’s God was depicted as the caring father of the household, who through his (...)
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  15. Revelation as a Discourse of Language Through Speech Act Theory.Anna Cho - 2021 - HTS Theological Studies 77 (4):1-5.
    Systematic theology regards revelation as a divine discourse between God and us. However, it seems that it does not fully explain how God’s divine discourse transforms our life and what implications it has. Therefore, this article suggests investigating ‘revelation as a discourse of language’ in the light of speech act theory. If we illuminate revelation as a discourse of language as a SAT, the following three hermeneutical contributions to revelation are expected: firstly, revelation is a ‘communicative act’ between God and (...)
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  16. Revealing Gender Discourses in the Qurʾān: An Integrative, Dynamic and Complex Approach.Ghasem Darzi, Abbas Ahmadvand & Musa Nushi - 2021 - HTS Theological Studies 77 (4):1-11.
    This study examines the Qurʾān’s view towards gender and argues that all three masculine, feminine and egalitarian discourses exist in its text, and that these discourses do not follow a simple and linear model but rather a nonlinear and complex one. It also provides evidence, showing that gender equality in the Qurʾān is achieved in two ways: firstly, through linguistic devices that are devoid of gender distinctions, and secondly, through concurrent use of masculine and feminine gender markers in one context. (...)
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  17.  2
    The ‘Coming-Out’ of a Hero: The Character of Esther in LXX-Esther Revisited.Sanrie M. de Beer - 2021 - HTS Theological Studies 77 (4).
    The account of the hero is often depicted as a narratological journey which, with reference to the ground-breaking work of Campbell, is referred to as the monomyth. The basic outline of all monomyths is an account of how a hero embarks on a journey, meets a major crisis and then returns back home altered in some way. This change does not only benefit the hero but is also to the advantage of the community that he or she hails from. This (...)
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  18. Die Hermeneutiese Proses Onderliggend Aan Paulus Se Eksegese van Eksodus 17:6 En Numeri 20:7–11 in 1 Korintiërs 10:1–4.Jacobus D. W. De Koning - 2021 - HTS Theological Studies 77 (4).
    The hermeneutical process underlying Paul’s exegesis of Exodus 17:6 and Numbers 20:7–11 in 1 Corinthians 10:1–4. In this article, Paul’s use of the Old Testament in 1 Corinthians 10:1–4 comes under scrutiny. In contrast with the theory of some modern scholars that Paul uses, ‘fanciful analogies’, ‘startling figurative claims’ and metaphors that ‘should not he pressed’, in reaching his conclusion that ‘the rock was Christ’, in 1 Corinthians 10:4c, it is indicated that Paul is indeed taking the original text, the (...)
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  19.  1
    Redemption and Restoration: The Anti-Slavery/Trafficking Call of Christian Missions in South Africa Today.Siphiwe I. Dube - 2021 - HTS Theological Studies 77 (4):1-11.
    This article engages with the religious dimension of the politics of anti-slavery/trafficking and presents an analysis of select Christian-identified organisations working in anti-slavery/trafficking in South Africa. Using website content of the select organisations as primary material, the article argues that in similar ways to the paternalistic early Christian missionary approach to indigenous religious practices, the politics of paternalism persist to this day in the realm of Christian organisations working in anti-slavery in South Africa. That is, the ‘White Saviour Industrial Complex’ (...)
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  20. Hated Without a Reason (Injustice Personalised): A Case Study.Graham A. Duncan - 2021 - HTS Theological Studies 77 (4).
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  21.  1
    Covid, Crown and Crosier: A Lockdown Reflection on Monarchy and Episcopacy.Walter B. Firth - 2021 - HTS Theological Studies 77 (4).
    This study was conducted during 111 days of coronavirus disease 2019 lockdown and reviewed current media articles that revealed government bodies and institutions have come to view people not as priceless treasures, but in terms of the money they can generate and the economic value they may give to a nation. This view was contrasted with the historic Christian concept of inherent royalty and value that is intrinsic to all people, and embodied in monarchs and bishops. This study focuses on (...)
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  22. Blessings or Curses? The Contribution of the Blesser Phenomenon to Gender-Based Violence and Intimate Partner Violence.Brent V. Frieslaar & Maake Masango - 2021 - HTS Theological Studies 77 (4):1-9.
    This article examines the blesser phenomenon in South Africa, which gained rapid popularity in 2016. A large body of research exists that reveals that transactional sex is a significant theme within the phenomenon of blesser and blessee relationships. Scholarship has demonstrated that transactional sex has contributed to an increase in human immunodeficiency virus infection rates, especially amongst women aged 15–24 years, as well as a concerning increase in teenage pregnancy. Whilst these are dire realities of blesser–blessee relationships, the one that (...)
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  23. Tradition Critical Study of 1 Chronicles 21.Ananda B. Geyser-Fouché & Ebele C. Chukwuka - 2021 - HTS Theological Studies 77 (4).
    The purpose of this article was to highlight the importance of tradition criticism as a significant aspect of the exegetical study of any Old Testament text. Different traditions existed in ancient Israel, and the Chronicler emphasised or underemphasised some of these in 1 Chronicles 21. The above-mentioned practices highlight the theology and ideology that the Chronicler wanted to promote. The Chronicler emphasised certain traditions and underemphasised others in such a way that both the theology and ideology of the Jerusalem Temple (...)
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  24. Qohelet as Liminal Intellectualism.Ananda Geyser-Fouche & Lerato L. D. Mokoena - 2021 - HTS Theological Studies 77 (4):1-7.
    Qohelet is one of the most fascinating books in the Hebrew Bible because it falls outside of the confides of what it is deemed as orthodox in terms of genre, literary components and theology. Considered in both antiquity and contemporary interpretations as Wisdom Literature, the book holds rich material to be interpreted and classified in a myriad of ways. It is no secret that Qohelet is an idiosyncratic scholar whose position is defined by unusualness, to define it as defiance would (...)
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  25.  1
    The Bible, Faith Formation and a Virus – Exploring the Influence of a Pandemic on Faith Formation Content and Practices for Children and Teenagers.Lyzette Hoffman - 2021 - HTS Theological Studies 77 (4).
    The SARS-CoV-2 virus has posed different kinds of challenges to society and churches over the past months. With various ‘normal ministry practices’ not permitted under lockdown regulations, as well as people starting to fear the effect of coronavirus disease 2019, a sense of crisis can easily prevail. However, a small congregation in Bloemfontein, South Africa, responded by engaging their children and teenagers through reflection, content and outreach. Various methods, including virtual and face to face, were utilised to minister to and (...)
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  26. Practical Ministry and Finances: A Case Study From InnerCHANGE South Africa.Kgotso K. T. L. Kabongo - 2021 - HTS Theological Studies 77 (4):1-7.
    The church is called to be a tangible messenger of hope in society. Communities of poverty, especially, need a church that carries its mandate both through proclamation and through deed. This research is a case study of a team located in South Africa that is part of an international missional order called InnerCHANGE. The latter focuses on discipleship and the nurturing of local leaders who are community builders in areas of poverty. This focus is expressed through practical ministry initiatives. The (...)
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  27. The Contribution of Ahlussunnah Waljamaah’s Theology in Establishing Moderate Islam in Indonesia.Imam Kanafi, Harapandi Dahri, Susminingsih Susminingsih & Syamsul Bakhri - 2021 - HTS Theological Studies 77 (4).
    Radicalism and Islamic phobia have the potential to cause conflict amongst religious communities so that it needs social movements in building religious moderation. This study aims to understand and analyse the Ahlussunnah Waljamaah theology in the six largest Islamic community organisations in Indonesia in implementing religious moderation. This study uses a qualitative method with a phenomenological approach. Data obtained from interviews, observations and in-depth interviews regarding the process of externalising, objectifying and internalising the theology of Ahlusunnah Waljamaah in Nahdlatul Ulama, (...)
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  28. Reformed Theology in Dialogue with a Spirituality of Creation Within the Context of Religious Pluralism in Africa.Johannes J. Knoetze - 2021 - HTS Theological Studies 77 (4):1-7.
    A transforming spirituality is needed to attend to the ‘third-millennial needs’ of Africa to address issues such as relationships, globalisation, ecology and social issues. It is argued that reformed theology, African spiritualities and a spirituality of creation need to be enriched by each other to bring about transformation in Africa. To discover a transforming spirituality of creation, participants need to listen to the different spiritualities and beliefs, without attempting to create a meta-narrative. Participants need to acknowledge the differences and even (...)
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  29. A New Perspective on Sin in the Age of Globalisation: Analyses and Reflections of Sin in the Case of Nation-State Building of the United States.Ho Chul Kwak - 2021 - HTS Theological Studies 77 (4):1-8.
    An interconnected and interdependent world in the age of globalisation invites Christianity to a different understanding of sin, which has been individualistically understood, because individualistic understanding of sin is impotent to address injustice or oppression caused by collective sins, wherein human beings have been collectively involved in. In order to overcome individualistic understanding of sin, this article is critically engaged in the concepts, such as concrete totality, which sees both individuality and socialness as constitutive parts of human beings, tyranny of (...)
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  30. A Hybrid Christian Identity in Philippians 1:15–18.Woo Min Lee - 2021 - HTS Theological Studies 77 (4):1-9.
    There have been various studies on the passage of Philippians 1:15-18 but there have been few studies on a hybrid aspect of Christian identity implicated in the passage. The aim of the study was to reveal a hybrid aspect of the passage. The socio-historical setting for the study was the Greco-Roman period. For this study, I employed rhetorical criticism, a socio-linguistic approach and an anthropological linguistic approach to the passage, as well as the analysis of the socio-historical and cultural background (...)
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  31. Hindu-Muslim Relations in Kashmir: A Critical Evaluation.Amos Y. Luka - 2021 - HTS Theological Studies 77 (4):1-9.
    India was under British colonial rule for a good number of years with her plural ethno-religious background and identity, which was to become the basis of an unending conflict. Several pre-colonial and post-colonial conditioning antecedents have been marshalled to buttress the premise leading to the conclusion that the British colonial era laid the time bomb along ethno-religious contours which exploded in 1947 thereby giving rise to the balkanisation of India into two separate states, that is India and Pakistan. Two major (...)
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  32. Hasan Hanafi, New Theology, and Cultural Revolution: An Analysis of Cultural Intensification.Fadlil M. Manshur - 2021 - HTS Theological Studies 77 (4):1-9.
    In the perspective of Hasan Hanafi, the renewal of Islamic thought in the Arab world must produce a new concept of theology and present a cultural revolution. A new theology must be developed through a progressive life perspective rooted in liberation and social justice. It is intended to free Arab–Islamic society from regression and fragmentation, producing a society that is just, prosperous, and civilized. The renewal of Islamic thought must be progressive to ensure it can produce a cultural revolution that (...)
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  33.  1
    From a Pit to a Palace: Deconstructing the Economics and Politics of Labour Migration in the City of Tshwane Through the Lenses of Genesis 41:41–57. [REVIEW]Thinandavha D. Mashau & Leomile Mangoedi - 2021 - HTS Theological Studies 77 (4):1-8.
    Migration to the City of Tshwane has, amongst others, been propelled by economic and political dynamics. This has always manifested in the scramble for resources as internal and cross-border migrants struggle to access the mainstream economy of the host city and country. Competition between locals and foreign nationals, social exclusion and xenophobic attacks on foreign nationals has always been part of the narrative around political and economic migration. This article seeks to provide a deconstruction of the economics and politics of (...)
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  34. From Timely Exegesis to Contemporary Ecclesiology: Relevant Hermeneutics and Provocative Embodiment of Faith in a Corona-Defined World – Generosity During a Pandemic.Scot McKnight - 2021 - HTS Theological Studies 77 (4).
    In a world where economies have no moral conscience, biblical theologians can challenge local cultures with ancient wisdom about generosity and equity. Systemic solutions require changes in the habits of virtue, and this study focuses on the habit of generosity. Building on the work of Stephan Joubert’s Paul as Benefactor, this study concentrates on Paul’s collection in one notable instance: what he says about generosity in 2 Corinthians 8-9 and, in particular, what he means by isotēs in 2 Cor 8:13–15. (...)
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  35.  1
    Spiritual Autobiographies as Sources of the Ecumenism: Dag Hammarskjöld’s Case.Iuliu-Marius Morariu - 2021 - HTS Theological Studies 77 (4):1-6.
    An important genre of the theological area, spiritual autobiography is currently undergoing a rediscovery process, because of recent research on this topic. Written by important mystical personalities belonging to different Christian traditions, spiritual autobiographies can constitute a valuable source for the understanding of their authors’ thinking and perception of fundamental topics such as ecumenism. Being aware of this aspect, we will start from a case study, namely that of Dag Hammarskjöld, and we will try to see how this category of (...)
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  36.  2
    Pursuing Fullness of Life Through Harmony with Nature: Towards an African Response to Environmental Destruction and Climate Change in Southern Africa.Buhle Mpofu - 2021 - HTS Theological Studies 77 (4).
    Like the rest of the developed world, African nations are now subject to consumerist tendencies of the global economic architecture and activities, which excessively exploit natural resources for profits and are at the centre of what this article describes as ‘disharmony between nature and humanity’. The exploitative nature of consumerist tendencies requires healing and restoration as it leads towards unpredictable and destructive weather patterns in which the relationships between human activity and the environment have created patterns and feedback mechanisms that (...)
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  37.  2
    Transversal Modes of Being a Missional Church in the Digital Context of COVID-19.Buhle Mpofu - 2021 - HTS Theological Studies 77 (4):1-6.
    The disruptions of coronavirus disease 2019 in the year 2020 reshaped all aspects of life, including religious practices and rituals. As more religious activities shifted to digital space during the lockdown periods, there was a growing need to examine the link between religion and digital media. Using the model of the Uniting Presbyterian Church in Southern Africa, this article draws on the notion of transversal rationality and concepts of rationality, cognitive, evaluative and pragmatic to posit that COVID-19 has configured traditional (...)
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  38. African Spirituality in the Johane Masowe Chishanu Religious Movement in Zimbabwe: A Christian Church-Sect Dichotomy.Phillip Musoni - 2021 - HTS Theological Studies 77 (4):1-7.
    This study explored the impact of African indigenous spirituality on African indigenous churches, particularly in the Zimbabwean context, a special focus was on the Johane Masowe Chishanu religious movement spirituality. The spirituality of the JMC religious movement is examined by cross-examining its denigration of the centrality of the Bible, the historical Jesus and the temple gathering as the movement appropriates and re-socialises traditional African shrines for religious gatherings. Thus, the following questions are raised in this study: is the appropriation and (...)
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  39. Spiritualised Political Theology in a Polarised Political Environment: A Pentecostal Movement’s Response to Party Politics in Zimbabwe.Phillip Musoni - 2021 - HTS Theological Studies 77 (4):1-8.
    This article interrogates the interface between the older Pentecostal movement and politics in Zimbabwe. The country continues to face political violence and a breakdown in rule of law. The Zimbabwean populace is asking whether the Zimbabwean Pentecostal movement is ready and able to exercise its prophetic role in promoting real peace and democracy. Many Zimbabweans are asking this question, because the track record shows that whilst most mainline churches have been consistent in becoming the voice of the voiceless, some Zimbabwean (...)
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  40. ‘I Am Not Strong to Dig and I Am Afraid to Beg’: Social Status and Status Concern in the Parable of the Dishonest Steward.Louis Ndekha - 2021 - HTS Theological Studies 77 (4).
    This article offers a reading of the parable of the Dishonest Steward from the perspective of Greco-Roman status concern. It observes that the parable has a long and complicated history of interpretation. The different approaches in the reading of the parable reveal the unresolved quest in scholarship to establish a reading of the parable that takes into account both the steward’s act of generosity towards his master’s debtors and the praise that follows this action. This article proposes the Greco-Roman status (...)
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  41. Comparison Between the Respective Views of John Calvin and Classical Pentecostals on the Role of the Holy Spirit in Reading the Bible.Marius Nel - 2021 - HTS Theological Studies 77 (4):1-9.
    The growth of the Pentecostal movement in the global south implies that its pneumatological emphases be noticed by other Christian traditions, including the hermeneutical processes followed to interpret the Bible, the Christians’ source of revelation about God. The aim of this article is to reflect on the role of the Spirit in the hermeneutical process, and it is done based on two traditions, the Reformed and Pentecostal movements, both of which play an important role within South African Christianity. Whilst the (...)
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  42. Karl Barth’s Doctrine of Creation: Convergence and Divergence with African Christology.Patricia Ngwena - 2021 - HTS Theological Studies 77 (4):1-8.
    This article explores the intersection between Karl Barth’s doctrine of creation and African Christology seeking to elicit similarities as well as differences. It argues that this intersection is contested and open to different understanding and interpretation. The common goal amongst the two doctrines is that they derive from biblical teachings about creation and the creator. However, there is also divergence between the doctrines. Barth’s point of departure in his doctrine of creation maintains the Covenant of God to humanity which is (...)
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  43. The Pastor as Spiritual Mediator Between God and the Congregation: Corruptions of the Relationships of the ‘Under-Shepherd’, the ‘Flock’ and the ‘Chief Shepherd’ in a Zambian Context and Their Implications for Spiritual Maturity.Misheck Nyirenda - 2021 - HTS Theological Studies 77 (4).
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  44. The Theology of Non-Violenct Islamic Education Based on Al-Sira Al-Nabawiyya.Bambang Qomaruzzaman - 2021 - HTS Theological Studies 77 (4).
    Al-Sira Al-Nabawiyya is often used as a reference to violence in Islam, mainly because war narration is so dominantly displayed. The tendency of using Al-Sira Al-Nabawiyya as the basis of violence conception in Islam drives Islamic teaching practices to become violence-oriented. This article presents a re-reading of Al-Sira Al-Nabawiyya by Wakhiduddin Khan, Tariq Ramadan and Satha-Anand, with a mimetic anthropology framework. The reading on Al-Sira resulted in three conclusions. Firstly, there are many non-violence stories at all stages in the life (...)
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  45. Bible Translations for the Minorities’ Languages Today: A Biblical Theological Exploration.Tshitangoni C. Rabali - 2021 - HTS Theological Studies 77 (4):1-8.
    The contemporary world is a harsh environment for many languages and cultures. Globalisation is one of the powerful forces that are increasing the pressure on some languages to become extinct. The questions that, therefore, arise for Bible translation include: Does it still make sense to translate the Bible into languages that are being threatened by extinction? Are there perhaps certain indicators that should be present for the translation of the Bible into endangered languages to make sense and to possibly also (...)
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  46. Is Tithing a Justifiable Development in the Christian Church?Francis L. C. Rakotsoane - 2021 - HTS Theological Studies 77 (4).
    With its over 40 000 denominations worldwide, Christianity undoubtedly remains the most fragmented of the religions of the world. One of the main causes of the said fragmentation is apparently the practice of tithing, which both genuine clergy and many shady characters that have disguised themselves as ministers of religion in society regard as the quickest way of accumulating wealth or making money. Anybody who views television programmes on religion and listens to religious leaders who give Christian preaching on various (...)
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  47. Prophets Competing Against Each Other in a Commercial Age: Have Some Prophets or Neoprophetic Churches Gone Too Far?Hulisani Ramantswana & Ithapeleng Sebetseli - 2021 - HTS Theological Studies 77 (4).
    In recent years, there is growing concern with some of the bizarre practices in some neoprophetic churches. Amongst the concerns raised are the bizarre practices and the commercialisation of churches with claims that churches are being turned into lucrative businesses. In this article, the relationship amongst prophets, churches and commerce is explored, focusing on competitive behaviour in an open market or free market. The article engages the following issues: firstly, the issue of religious marketing in the context of a free (...)
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  48. A Critical Evaluation of Causalities of the Genocide in Esther 3:8–15: Lawlessness and Revolt of the Jewish Diaspora Community. [REVIEW]Temba T. Rugwiji - 2021 - HTS Theological Studies 77 (4).
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  49. Religious Statecraft: Narratives of Persecution and Diplomacy in the Case of Byzantine, Aksum and Himyar.Rugare Rukuni - 2021 - HTS Theological Studies 77 (4):1-13.
    When reviewed against the background of Byzantine diplomatic correspondence, Aksum’s religious policy on the Arabian Peninsula is perceivable within a Constantinian religio-political matrix. Imperial letters from Byzantine to Aksum and Persia denote the Byzantine role of arbiter of early Christianity. Byzantine Rome’s role in Christianity when reviewed from diplomatic correspondence with allies and antagonists recounts narratives of orthodoxy and persecution. Parallel review of letters from Constantine and Constantius decodes the Christian kingdom of Aksum as a participant of 4th-century CE Constantinian (...)
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  50. Interpersonal Communication Within the Family for Improving Adolescent Religiosity.Christiana D. W. Sahertian, Betty A. Sahertian & Alfred E. Wajabula - 2021 - HTS Theological Studies 77 (4):1-9.
    National education is a conscious and planned effort to help children develop their potential be spiritually strong, religious, intelligent, a strong personality and noble character and noble skills. For this reason, education not only focuses on the aspect of children's knowledge but also on religion and morals aspects. This education begins in the family through communication patterns that are created between parents and children in the form of interpersonal communication that can increase the religiosity of adolescents. Therefore, this article aims (...)
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  51. Interpersonal Communication Within the Family for Improving Adolescent Religiosity.Christiana W. Sahertian, Betty A. Sahertian & Alfred E. Wajabula - 2021 - HTS Theological Studies 77 (4).
    National education is a conscious and planned effort to help children develop their potential be spiritually strong, religious, intelligent, a strong personality and noble character and noble skills. For this reason, education not only focuses on the aspect of children’s knowledge but also on religion and morals aspects. This education begins in the family through communication patterns that are created between parents and children in the form of interpersonal communication that can increase the religiosity of adolescents. Therefore, this article aims (...)
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  52.  1
    The Profile and Manifestation of Moral Decay in South African Urban Community.Motshine A. Sekhaulelo - 2021 - HTS Theological Studies 77 (4):1-12.
    South Africa in which we are living is characterised by unparalleled social and political change and apparently enormous differences of option. However, there is one aspect of our society that most of us would probably agree about and that is the decline of morality in our cities. Apart from the economic and political crisis, and the erosion of the core competence to actually get things done in the municipalities, South Africa is an ailing society with disturbing pathologies in terms of (...)
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  53. ‘He Said That the Manna is That Called Taranjebin’: Ibn Ezra Against Hiwi Al-Balkhi’s Interpretation of the Biblical Story of the Manna.Abraham O. Shemesh - 2021 - HTS Theological Studies 77 (4):1-8.
    The biblical story on the miracle of the manna in the Sinai Desert aroused many discussions and interpretations over the generations. The current study focuses on Ibn Ezra’s controversy with Hiwi al-Balkhi on the question of whether the manna was a natural or miraculous phenomenon. The article explores the claims of the two sides in light of the historical evidence and the literature describing the phenomenon of ‘falling manna’ in various areas of the Sinai Desert and Eastern countries. According to (...)
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  54.  2
    The Sources of Knowledge of Two Medieval Jewish Commentators in Nature Issues: The Case of Gathering the Musk.Abraham O. Shemesh - 2021 - HTS Theological Studies 77 (4):1-7.
    Musk, which is produced from the glands of several species of deer, was a well-known perfume throughout the Mediterranean Basin in the Middle Ages. The current article examines the meaning of the gathering operation of myrrh mentioned in Song of Songs 5:1, according to R. Joseph Ibn Aknin and Naḥmanides. The two commentators argue that the phrase ariiti mori can be interpreted as the unique manner of gathering the perfume of the musk deer in its lands of origin in the (...)
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  55.  1
    Theological Reflection, Divorced From the Incarnational Nature of the Christian Faith, Invalidates the Bible.Jennifer Slater - 2021 - HTS Theological Studies 77 (4):1-10.
    This article draws its inspiration from the famous excerpt of the 5th century Father and Doctor of the Roman Catholic Church, Jerome, who firmly claims in his Commentary on Isaiah that ignorance of Scripture is ignorance of Christ. By this exhortation he urged Christians to recognise the serious necessity to study the Word of God as it is not an optional luxury to be used and interpreted with tawdriness. The secret of this renowned biblical scholar was to adhere to a (...)
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  56.  1
    God, the Beautiful and Mathematics: A Response.Peter-Ben Smit & Rianne de Heide - 2021 - HTS Theological Studies 77 (4):1-4.
    Volker Kessler argues two points to Rudolf Bohren’s list of four areas where God becomes beautiful should be extended with a fifth one: mathematics and mathematics can be argued as a place where God becomes beautiful. In this response, we would like to argue that the extension of Bohren’s list that Kessler argues in favour of is superfluous and that Kessler makes a number of questionable assumptions about mathematics. By arguing against Kessler, we intend to make an interdisciplinary contribution to (...)
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  57. Kerk En Burgerlike Owerheid: Die Nederlandse Geloofsbelydenis En Drie Kerkordes.Piet J. Strauss - 2021 - HTS Theological Studies 77 (4).
    Church and state authorithy: The Confessio Belgica and three church orders. In reformed churches the Bible is regarded as the norm of the norms. The confessions of faith of these churches are the second norm and subjected to the Bible. The church order is less powerful than the Bible and the confessions but of a higher status than the normal decisions of church assemblies. Therefore, the influence of the Belgic Confession on three church orders is an important issue in these (...)
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  58. What Are the Consequences of Sola Scriptura for a Reformed Polity? With Reference to the Dutch Reformed Church Order of 1962.Pieter J. Strauss - 2021 - HTS Theological Studies 77 (4).
    In the 16th century, after the so-called Dark Middle Ages, the Reformation in the church in Western Europe aimed at reforming the church with consequences for society. Regarding the church itself, the Reformation aimed at bringing the total service of the church under the Word of God as its norma normans or norm of the norms. This is also true for the governing of the church and church polity.In the tradition of church polity and order that followed the thought of (...)
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  59.  1
    Ibn Rushd’s Response to Ibn Sina and Al-Ghazali’s Philosophical Thoughts on Cosmology.Taufiqurrahman Taufiqurrahman & R. Yuli Akhmad Hambali - 2021 - HTS Theological Studies 77 (4):1-8.
    This study is based on the many cosmological problems in Islam as aspects of thought that receive serious attention. In fact, there are also many polemics of thought that occur amongst Muslim scholars, which can be divided into two main groups: traditionalists and rationalists. The traditionalists, represented by Al-Ghazali and the Ash'ariyah theologians, put forward their cosmological thinking on the principle of God's absolute will, while the rationalists, especially those represented by Avicenna, proposed their cosmological thinking based on the theory (...)
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  60. Ibn Rushd’s Response to Ibn Sina and Al-Ghazali’s Philosophical Thoughts on Cosmology.Taufiqurrahman Taufiqurrahman & Radea Y. A. Hambali - 2021 - HTS Theological Studies 77 (4).
    This study is based on the many cosmological problems in Islam as aspects of thought that receive serious attention. In fact, there are also many polemics of thought that occur amongst Muslim scholars, which can be divided into two main groups: traditionalists and rationalists. The traditionalists, represented by Al-Ghazali and the Ash’ariyah theologians, put forward their cosmological thinking on the principle of God’s absolute will, while the rationalists, especially those represented by Avicenna, proposed their cosmological thinking based on the theory (...)
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  61.  1
    Ibn Rushd's Response to Ibn Sina and Al-Ghazali's Philosophical Thoughts on Cosmology.Taufiqurrahman Taufiqurrahman & R. Yuli Akhmad Hambali - 2021 - HTS Theological Studies 77 (4):1-8.
    This study is based on the many cosmological problems in Islam as aspects of thought that receive serious attention. In fact, there are also many polemics of thought that occur amongst Muslim scholars, which can be divided into two main groups: traditionalists and rationalists. The traditionalists, represented by Al-Ghazali and the Ash'ariyah theologians, put forward their cosmological thinking on the principle of God's absolute will, while the rationalists, especially those represented by Avicenna, proposed their cosmological thinking based on the theory (...)
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  62. Reading the Fourth Gospel in the COVID-19 Pandemic Context.Johnson Thomaskutty - 2021 - HTS Theological Studies 77 (4):1-9.
    The Coronavirus Disease 2019 pandemic situation persuades a reader of the Fourth Gospel to interpret the Scripture in new lights. In the contemporary context, the gospel of John has the potential to attune the attention of the reader towards the existential struggles of the people with myriad interpretative possibilities. The Jews often twinned sinfulness and sickness together, and in that light, they considered Jesus as a social sinner and his followers as a diseased community. The Johannine narrator realigns the struggles (...)
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  63. Making Sense of the COVID-19 Pandemic From the Bible – Some Perspectives.Francois Tolmie & Rian Venter - 2021 - HTS Theological Studies 77 (4).
    In this article, a brief survey of some of the ways in which biblical scholars try to make sense of the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic is offered. The views of the following scholars are discussed: Walter Brueggemann, Ying Zhang, John Goldingay and Kathleen Scott Goldingay, N.T. Wright, Philemon M. Chamburuka and Ishanesu S. Gusha, and Peter Lampe. This is followed by the reflections of a biblical scholar and a systematic theologian. From the perspective of a biblical scholar, the following issues (...)
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  64. Supporting Polish-Ukraine: A Case Study on the Afrikaans Churches’ Reaction to Communism.Herman H. van Alten - 2021 - HTS Theological Studies 77 (4):1-8.
    This article explores the role of the Afrikaans sister churches during the initial stages of the fight against communism. After initially sketching the relations between South Africa and Russia until the Bolshevik Revolution of 1917, focus is placed on a narrow case of financial support from the side of the Reformed Church in South Africa via the Reformed Churches in the Netherlands towards the reformed movement in Polish-Ukraine during the 1930s and 1940s. Through the use of primary sources, this small (...)
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  65. Transcendence and Immanence Into or Onto Creative Pluralism in South Africa.Johan A. van Rooyen - 2021 - HTS Theological Studies 77 (4):1-7.
    Two philosophical tools are used in this article, namely that of philosophical-pluralism and transcendent pluralism as a kind of glue to enhance our examining of creative pluralism. There is a diversity implant in positive modus of understanding this pluralistic pristine of creative pluralism within transcendence modus. To help facilitate this pluralistic pristine, the author makes use of three constructivist paradigms that are distinguished and used, namely exogenous constructivism emphasising the reconstruction of structures preformed in the environment; endogenous constructivism emphasising the (...)
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  66. Decolonising the Concept of the Trinity to Decolonise the Religious Education Curriculum.Anné H. Verhoef - 2021 - HTS Theological Studies 77 (4):1-8.
    This article brings into perspective the need to decolonise the concept of the Trinity as a crucial step in decolonising the religious education curriculum. It discusses the concept of decolonisation and its applicability to religious education, specifically Christianity, within higher education in the South African context. God as the Trinity has throughout the history of Atlantic slavery and colonialism been employed to legitimise colonial rule and it, therefore, needs to be decolonised. To decolonise the concept of the Trinity is, however, (...)
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  67. Engaging Old Testament Prophetic Literature in Traumatic Times of Loss and Grief.Wilhelm J. Wessels - 2021 - HTS Theological Studies 77 (4).
    This article addresses not only the matter of loss and grief but also hope and recovery. The coronavirus disease 2019 has hugely affected not only South Africans but also people globally. One of the key features of this pandemic is loss and the associated grief. To explore these topics, the author has engaged prophetic literature, more specifically the books of Isaiah and Jeremiah, which present compelling cases of loss and grief. An attempt was made to identify similarities between the experiences (...)
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  68. Pentecostalism and Migration: A Contextual Study of the Migrant Ghanaian Classical Pentecostal Churches in South Africa.Peter White - 2021 - HTS Theological Studies 77 (4):1-8.
    Pentecostal phenomenon from history has always moved with migration. Reading Acts 1:8, Jesus linked the baptism of the Holy Spirit with the migration of his disciples and the gospel from Jerusalem to Judea and Samaria and to the end of the earth. Migration has become a worldwide, multi-directional phenomenon which is reshaping the Christian landscape. In this light, the article discussed Pentecostalism and migration by using two Ghanaian Classical Pentecostal churches in South Africa as a case study. The article looked (...)
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  69. Turning Religion From Cause to Reducer of Panic During the COVID-19 Pandemic.Muhammad Y. Wibisono, Dody S. Truna & Mohammad T. Rahman - 2021 - HTS Theological Studies 77 (4):1-8.
    Muslim communities in the village facing the COVID-19 Pandemic attempts to find refuge from the plague and hope for survival. However, this led to more caution, which may lead to xenophobia. Via ethnography, this study unmasks the xenophobic attitude. This research discusses the root causes of panic in the community so that remedies can be implemented. The research attempts to explain, from a socio-anthropological viewpoint, how people and religious groups in the village perceive the pandemic of COVID-19 based on their (...)
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  70. The Religious Phenomenon of Juche Ideology as a Political Tool.Fransiskus I. Widjaja, Noh I. Boiliu, Irfan F. Simanjuntak, Joni M. P. Gultom & Fredy Simanjuntak - 2021 - HTS Theological Studies 77 (4):1-7.
    This study aims to determine the motive that led to the establishment of Juche by Kim Il Sung amidst the influence of communism and its transformation into religion in North Korea. North Korea is a communist country dictated by Kim Jong-Un of the Kim dynasty and known for its cruelty. The country underwent several changes from Marxism-Leninism to familism to determine its strength in Juche. This ideology that acts as a religion was influenced and strengthened Kim Jong Il to Kim (...)
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  71.  3
    Hindrance as a Motivation in Divine Guidance: The Example of Paul.Mark Wilson - 2021 - HTS Theological Studies 77 (4):1-5.
    A number of factors are at work as they relate to divine guidance in the life of a Christian. Examples of odegeology – the neologism given to this dimension of practical theology – are discussed in this article around the scriptural topos of hindrance as a motivation in Paul’s guidance. Four examples are considered that are drawn from the book of Acts and from his own letters. The circumstances related to these hindrances are discussed, and relevant applications are drawn from (...)
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  72. Lowalangi: From the Name of an Ethnic Religious Figure to the Name of God.Sonny E. Zaluchu - 2021 - HTS Theological Studies 77 (4):1-6.
    This article shows the success of local cultural adaptation strategies in communicating the gospel to people of the Nias ethnicity in North Sumatra, Indonesia. This adaptation is the name Lowalangi, the name of the god of the pre-Christian era, to become the name of God, the creator and saviour of the world incarnated in the person of Jesus Christ. As a result, the use of this name was not limited to a translation process. Still, the whole concept of divinity for (...)
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  73. Nature as God: A Juxtaposition of Vito Mancuso and Alexander von Humboldt in Their Search for Understanding Reality.Johan Buitendag & Corneliu C. Simut - 2021 - HTS Theological Studies 77 (3).
    This article’s premise is that science holds the promise of deepening religious perspectives on creation. The natural sciences have convincingly proved that nature is not static, or a ready-made creation dropped from heaven. Theologians need to read nature as scientists see it and engage with that understanding theologically.The concept of resonance is applied to denote this tangential relationship as an eco-social constructivist understanding of reality. Two proponents, one scientist and one theologian, have been chosen who share this view of a (...)
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  74. ‘And It Shall Come to Pass on That Day, the Lord Will Whistle for the Fly Which is at the End of the Water Channels of Egypt, and for the Bee Which is in the Land of Assyria’ (Is 7:18): Traumatic Impact of the Covid-19 Virus as a Lens to Read Isaiah 7:18–25. [REVIEW]Elizabeth Esterhuizen & Alphonso Groenewald - 2021 - HTS Theological Studies 77 (3).
    In this article the impact of the Covid-19 virus will be used as a lens to read this Isaianic text. The collective threat of the corona-virus causes trauma on societies and communities on different levels: psychological, physical, existential and communal trauma.Isaiah 7:18–25 also tells us of an historic event which caused extreme trauma to its audience. Verse 18 describes the arrival of the Assyrian army. The prophet compares the Assyrian hosts to the flies “in the rivers of Egypt”, and to (...)
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  75. Rethinking the Past to Manage the Future: Participating in Complex Contexts Informed by Biblical Perspectives.Ignatius G. P. Gous - 2021 - HTS Theological Studies 77 (3).
    Change is the new normal, but so it has been for ages. Experience to navigate change is something you get just after you needed it, unless you tap into age-old experience. The Fourth Industrial Revolution is bringing about wide-ranging changes. With people having to adjust, the question is whether Christianity, with its roots in preindustrial times, may support people to navigate these changes. This conceptual article focusses on the relationships amongst constructs, exploring logical arguments about how these constructs are associated. (...)
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  76. Scientific Data, Ecological Conversion and Transformative Affect.Nancy Howell - 2021 - HTS Theological Studies 77 (3).
    Scientific data supporting rational arguments for human-made causes of climate and environmental changes might be persuasive in some contexts. Law, policy, activism and The Earth Charter similarly appear insufficient to change attitudes and behaviours. Even biblical and theological arguments fail to move some Christians beyond apathy and climate denial. Decades of ecological theology and calls for ecological conversion suggest that appeals to reason and facts are limited without an affective epistemology that join knowledge and experience to produce worldview transformation through (...)
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  77. Ubuntu as a Spirituality of Liberation for Black Theology of Liberation.Sandiswa L. Kobe - 2021 - HTS Theological Studies 77 (3).
    This article aims to respond to Vuyani Vellem’s challenge to black theology of liberation to ‘think beyond rethinking and repeating its tried and tested ways of responding to black pain caused by racism and colonialism’. Vellem argued that ‘BTL needs to unthink the west by focusing on and retaining African spirituality as a cognitive spirituality’ for the liberation of black people in South Africa. This article argues that Ubuntu is the spirituality of liberation that BTL needs to advance as one (...)
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  78. Biblical Witness and Economy in the Writings of Klaus Nürnberger.Christoffel Lombaard - 2021 - HTS Theological Studies 77 (3).
    Given the purpose of this special edition, to consider theologically the implications of the Fourth Industrial Revolution, in this contribution, the writings of one of the important yet under-appreciated South African figures in thinking from biblical theology on matters of economics, Klaus Nürnberger, are taken into review. The relationship between biblical witness and faith and deeds stands central in Nürnberger’s theological framework. His interdisciplinarity has lasting validity because he takes seriously the disciplines involved, such as historical Bible scholarship, economic theory, (...)
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  79. Does Meaning Matter? Nietzsche, Jung and Implications for Global Leadership.Martina L. Mabille & Yolande Steenkamp - 2021 - HTS Theological Studies 77 (3).
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  80. Kgarebe (Virgin) and Carnal Knowledge: Reading Genesis 19:30–38 From the Margins.Madipoane Masenya - 2021 - HTS Theological Studies 77 (3).
    In this article, issues of carnal knowledge, gender and agency as evident in selected texts from the Judeo-Christian tradition and the African context in South Africa are interrogated. Do the ideologies embedded in religious texts endorse unequal power relations between male and female human beings? Of particular interest for the present investigation is the issue of carnal knowledge as it is understood in African contexts and the Hebrew Bible context. Informed by the insights from both the African and the ancient (...)
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  81. ‘Creation Out of Nothing’ – A Problematic Assumption: Biblical, Metaphysical and Scientific Perspectives.Klaus B. Nürnberger - 2021 - HTS Theological Studies 77 (3).
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  82.  1
    Religious Views on the Origin and Meaning of COVID-2019.Tanya Pieterse & Christina Landman - 2021 - HTS Theological Studies 77 (3).
    For ages, natural disasters, war and disease have been part of life, sharing themes of not only adversity, fear and death, but also hope. The year 2020 brought a new threat in the form of coronavirus disease 2019, which challenged what humankind understood of all they knew and believed. The significant difference today is the role of the media in sharing news and opinions on this disease that threatens not only lives, but also spiritual well-being. In this study, we focus (...)
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  83.  2
    What Do Religion and Natural Science Each Have to Say About Origins, Creation and Evolution?Mark Pretorius & Daniel T. Lioy - 2021 - HTS Theological Studies 77 (3).
    The purpose of this article is to put forward an acceptable scriptural stance with respect to an evolutionary worldview. The authors posit that a theologically orthodox position can best be substantiated when the moral ideal embodied in Christ is the starting point for all deliberations. In light of this premise, the authors consider the following topics: the great divide between science and religion; the various theoretical shifts taking place on both sides of the science and religion arena concerning the veracity (...)
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  84. Political Thought of Al-Ghazali on ImamPolitical Thought of Al-Ghazali on Imamah: Debate Between Theocracy and Democracyah: Debate in Between Theocracy and Democracy.Sahri Sahri - 2021 - HTS Theological Studies 77 (3).
    Al-Ghazali is a Muslim scientist who masters almost all relevant Islamic scholarly disciplines. His analysis is so trenchant for every phenomenon that appears in society. The results of his thought are mostly applicable in several situations to Muslims. This study aims to uncover Al-Ghazali’s views about the concept of Islamic leadership. This study supports by looking at comments from figures about various forms of Al-Ghazali’s political thought. This study finds that Al-Ghazali’s political thought is theodemocracy, where the people must support (...)
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  85. Political Thought of Al-Ghazali on Imamah: Debate Between Theocracy and Democracy.Sahri Sahri - 2021 - HTS Theological Studies 77 (3).
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  86.  1
    Imagining a New ‘Abnormal’ Amidst COVID-19: Seeking Guidance From Evolutionary Anthropology and Theology.Bernice Serfontein - 2021 - HTS Theological Studies 77 (3).
    The coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic is responsible for the large-scale devastation experienced all over the world. This ‘invisible stranger’ interrupting our daily lives is highlighting in a new and acute way the vulnerability of the human race. Life as we knew it is being changed forever. COVID-19 also exposed the injustices embedded in social structures all over the world. What will life with and after COVID-19 look like in South Africa? The pandemic reveals that South Africa is not the fair (...)
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  87. Revisiting Black Theology of Liberation in South Africa: Through ‘New Voices’ of Women Black Theologians.Sandisele L. Xhinti - 2021 - HTS Theological Studies 77 (3).
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  88. Many Ways to God, Many Ways to Salvation.Syafa'atun Almirzanah - 2021 - HTS Theological Studies 77 (2):1-10.
    Salvation is the objective of every religious tradition. Christian tradition claims Jesus as the particular redeemer, as he is viewed as the only one who reveals God, truly and fully. Thus, Jesus can be seen as the only way to Salvation. The question then arises, what about other people who do not follow Jesus, instead they follow prophet Muhammad or some other religious figures whom they believe that God has sent to save them? How then, the relationship between Christianity and (...)
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  89.  1
    Celebration, Preservation and Promotion of Struggle Narratives with a Focus on South African Women of Indian Heritage.Kogie K. Archary & Christina Landman - 2021 - HTS Theological Studies 77 (2):1-8.
    The relevance and value of oral history practices and principles and its impact on community history gives credence to its relationship with the liberation struggle. The liberation struggle heroines that formed the cohort of interviewees for this research were members of the South African Indian community. This interview- research process provides a platform that allows the veteran South African female of Indian Heritage to reflect almost 50 years later and be a part of the celebration, preservation and promotion of struggle (...)
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  90. The Story of Nana Sita and the Group Areas Act.Christina Landman - 2021 - HTS Theological Studies 77 (2).
    Nana Sita is best known for being the secretary of the Transvaal Indian Congress and for his leadership in the passive resistance movement for which he was incarcerated three times. This article focusses specifically on three more times he was sentenced to hard labour for refusing to submit to the Group Areas Act and to leave his house at 382 Van Der Hoff Street in Hercules, Pretoria. The main sources for telling the story of Nana Sita’s resistance are interviews with (...)
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  91. Mission to Live: A Gendered Perspective on the Experience of Migration in Southern Africa.Buhle Mpofu - 2021 - HTS Theological Studies 77 (2).
    Extensive work has been carried out on gender and social transformation but there is a need for more work between these intersecting trajectories and their implications for Christian mission. Drawing on data collected from one of the migrants this current study employs the postcolonial lens to analyse interview responses on a migration experience of a young female migrant in South Africa and highlights survival strategies for young migrants by demonstrating that the impact of changing global socio-economic landscapes and poverty on (...)
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  92. Preaching: An Initial Theoretical Exploration.Hennie Pieterse & Cas Wepener - 2021 - HTS Theological Studies 77 (2).
    In this article the event of preaching is explored by making use of both older and newer sources. Whilst taking cognisance of continuous contextual changes and developments within the discipline of Homiletics, core hermeneutical, theological and homiletical aspects of preaching are revisited. The aim of this exploration is to formulate a preliminary theory of preaching that can be revisited and revised as part of a larger empirical homiletical investigation which makes use of Grounded Theory.Contribution: This article adheres to the journal’s (...)
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  93. Catherine of Siena’s Spirituality of Political Engagement.Diana L. Villegas - 2021 - HTS Theological Studies 77 (2):1-9.
    Well known as a mystic, Catherine of Siena has been credited with pope Gregory XI’s return to Rome from Avignon, with convincing him to pursue a crusade and with playing a major role in making peace between the Papal League and Italian City states. This narrative ascribes these accomplishments to Catherine’s extraordinary gifts, a fruit of her mystical experience. Contemporary historical research, however, shows that Catherine was chosen by ecclesiastical authorities to advocate for papal policies. She was guided to causes (...)
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  94.  2
    Catherine of Siena’s Crusade Letters: Spirituality and Political Context.Diana L. Villegas - 2021 - HTS Theological Studies 77 (2).
    Catherine of Siena has been credited with original views regarding the crusade as political policy and with influencing Gregory XI to carry this out. In this article, I argued that while Catherine of Siena did not succeed in furthering the crusade – nor did she initiate this policy – her crusade correspondence leaves us a legacy that reveals significant aspects of her spirituality. Over 40 letters to ecclesiastical authorities, Kings, Queens, leaders of city states, knights and her own followers reveal (...)
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  95. Narratological Reading of Poverty-Related Parables.Olubiyi A. Adewale - 2021 - HTS Theological Studies 77 (1).
    Nigeria is an example of developing countries characterised by mass poverty in the midst of plenty. Coincidentally, the Nigerian church is stupendously rich. Pastor Emmanuel, a former National Coordinator of the Redeemed Christian Church of God, Germany, notes that the annual revenue of the Nigeria church in 2014 is over ₦3 trillion while surprisingly, the national budget is ₦4.69tn for the year. Gigantic buildings, exotic cars and private jets are the hallmarks of the church’s wealth. Some pastors acquire jets ranging (...)
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  96. A Critical Analysis of Tithe and Seed Sowing on Contemporary Christianity in Nigeria.Gladys N. Akabike, Peace N. Ngwoke & Onyekachi G. Chukwuma - 2021 - HTS Theological Studies 77 (1).
    The issues of tithes and seed sowing have taken a central focus in contemporary Christianity in Nigeria among the preachers. Many a time, it is assumed that tithes and seed sowing are requirements for salvation, prosperity and total well-being of the members. Making many to believe that Christianity is a money-venture business one can succeed if he knows how to hoodwink the gullible. Many have been deceived that by parting with a substantial amount of money in the name of sowing (...)
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  97. Exploring the Reasons for Perennial Attacks on Churches in Nigeria Through the Victims’ Perspective.Enweonwu O. Anthony, Cletus O. Obasi, Deborah O. Obi, Benjamin O. Ajah, Okpanocha S. Okpan, Chukwuemeka D. Onyejegbu, Aloysius C. Obiwulu & Emeka M. Onwuama - 2021 - HTS Theological Studies 77 (1).
    Although there are several provisions within the Nigerian legal framework that, however, address the issue of church attack, the state capacity to implement effective constitutional sanctioning on perpetrators of this heinous crime has always been found wanting or completely absent, leading to countless religious attacks on churches with seeming state consent. This study employs semi-structured interviews to draw data from affected families from Benue and Enugu States, Nigeria. The article explored their experiences. The study participants were recruited through snowball sampling (...)
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  98. Christianity and National Development: The Nigeria Experience.George Asadu - 2021 - HTS Theological Studies 77 (1).
    This study gave a historical account of the contributions of Christianity to the overall development of Nigeria. From the inception of Christianity in Nigeria, it has been inculcating in its adherents’ uncompromised moral values, respect for human life and dignity through adequate education and social tasks. Unfortunately, social critics have constantly but erroneously, underestimated the contributions made by Christian missionary work in Nigeria. Therefore, this research was an attempt to specifically show that Christianity is genuine; it has made great strides (...)
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  99.  1
    Retraction Notice To: ‘The Unusual Practices Within Some Neo-Pentecostal Churches in South Africa: Reflections and Recommendations’, HTS Teologiese Studies/ Theological Studies 73(3), A4656. [REVIEW]Mookgo S. Kgatle - 2021 - HTS Theological Studies 77 (1).
    Reason: The article, Kgatle, M.S., 2017, ‘The unusual practices within some Neo-Pentecostal churches in South Africa: Reflections and recommendations’, HTS Teologiese Studies/Theological Studies 73, a4656. https://doi.org/10.4102/hts.v73i3.4656, published on 29 September 2017 in HTS Teologiese Studies/Theological Studies has been retracted by the journal’s Editor-in-Chief, Prof. Andries van Aarde, because of sections of plagiarised text. Verbatim work was cited but presented to the readers as paraphrased from the original, providing the impression that the lifted passages were the author’s own words. The verbatim (...)
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  100. Καὶ Ἄϕες Ἡμῖν Τὰ Ὀφειλήματα Ἡμῶν … the Lord’s Prayer (Mt 6:12, Lk 11:4) and Dispute Resolution in the African Church: The Ewe-Ghanaian Context and Perspective. [REVIEW]Daniel Sakitey & Ernest van Eck - 2021 - HTS Theological Studies 77 (1).
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    Understanding 1 Timothy 3:1–7 and the Need for Righteous Church Overseers in Nigerian Christendom.Chidinma P. Ukeachusim - 2021 - HTS Theological Studies 77 (1).
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  102.  1
    Rethinking the Past to Manage the Future: Participating in Complex Contexts Informed by Biblical Perspectives.Ignatius G. P. Gous - 2021 - HTS Theological Studies 76 (2).
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