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  1.  4
    An Authentic Feeling? Religious Experience Through Q&A Websites.Rosa Scardigno & Giuseppe Mininni - 2020 - Archive for the Psychology of Religion 42 (2):211-231.
    As the “Sacred Place”—meant as the new space for religions offered by the Internet—demands for continuous investigations on the encounter between traditional narratives and social practices, the rapid growth of Question and Answering websites asks for improving social research about the Authenticity of the religious feeling as well as their responsibility in the construction of a shared knowledge. In this background, the aim of this study is to investigate the role of Q&A websites as additional interpretative resources in accordance with (...)
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  2.  11
    The Relation Between Religiosity Dimensions and Support for Interreligious Conflict in Indonesia.Tery Setiawan, Edwin B. P. De Jong, Peer L. H. Scheepers & Carl J. A. Sterkens - 2020 - Archive for the Psychology of Religion 42 (2):244-261.
    In this study, we explain differences in support for interreligious lawful and violent protests against the religious outgroup. Combining religiosity and social identity approaches, we take three dimensions of religiosity into consideration related to support for interreligious conflict, next to relevant control characteristics. The analysis is based on survey data collected among a random sample of Muslims and Christians across the Indonesian archipelago. Our findings show that members of the Muslim community are, on average, more inclined to support interreligious conflict, (...)
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  3.  4
    Validation of the Apperception Test God Representations: An Implicit Measure to Assess Attachment to God Representations. Associations with Explicit Attachment to God Measures and with Implicit and Explicit Measures of Distress.Henk P. Stulp, Jurrijn Koelen, Gerrit G. Glas & Liesbeth Eurelings-Bontekoe - 2020 - Archive for the Psychology of Religion 42 (2):262-291.
    In the context of theistic religions, God representations are an important factor in explaining associations between religion/spirituality and well-being/mental health. Although the limitations of self-report measures of God representations are widely acknowledged, well-validated implicit measures are still unavailable. Therefore, we developed an implicit Attachment to God measure, the Apperception Test God Representations. In this study, we examined reliability and validity of an experimental scale based on attachment theory. Seventy-one nonclinical and 74 clinical respondents told stories about 15 cards with images (...)
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  4.  2
    Rigidity as Mediator Between Temperaments and Social Adjustment: A Comparative Study of Teachers of Madaris and Schools of Pakistan.Sarosh Tariq & Adnan Adil - 2020 - Archive for the Psychology of Religion 42 (2):194-210.
    This study assessed the mediating role of cognitive rigidity between temperament and social adjustment in teachers of schools and religious madaris of Pakistan while controlling for the influence of teaching experience. A purposive sample of 300 teachers was recruited from Sargodha and Lahore. Teachers of schools and madaris were matched in terms of their gender, age, and educational qualification. Urdu translated versions of the Approach–Avoidance Temperament Questionnaire, Cognitive Flexibility Scale, and Social Adjustment Scale were used to operationalize the focal constructs (...)
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  5.  6
    The Relationship Between Individual Differences in Religion, Religious Primes, and the Moral Foundations.Daniel Yi & Jo-Ann Tsang - 2020 - Archive for the Psychology of Religion 42 (2):161-193.
    We present evidence for a complex relationship between religiousness and Haidt’s moral foundations, with data from four experiments, measuring 21 different dimensions of personal religiousness and utilizing six different religious primes. The more conservative dimensions of religiousness, such as intrinsic religious orientation and religious attendance, were positively related to binding moral foundations of loyalty, authority, and purity and sometimes related to the individualizing foundation of care. However, other, less conservative dimensions of religiousness, such as quest and extrinsic religious orientations, were (...)
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  6.  5
    Intergroup Tolerance Leads to Subjective Morality, Which in Turn is Associated with (but Does Not Lead to) Reduced Religiosity.Onurcan Yilmaz, Hasan G. Bahçekapili, Mehmet Harma & Barış Sevi - 2020 - Archive for the Psychology of Religion 42 (2):232-243.
    Although the effect of religious belief on morally relevant behavior is well demonstrated, the reverse influence is less known. In this research, we examined the influence of morality on religious belief. In the first study, we used two samples from Turkey and the United States, and specifically tested the hypothesis that intergroup tolerance predicts a shift in meta-ethical views toward subjective morality, which in turn predicts decreased religious belief. To examine the relationship between intergroup tolerance and religiosity via subjective morality, (...)
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  7.  8
    Dunbar’s Number Goes to Church: The Social Brain Hypothesis as a Third Strand in the Study of Church Growth.R. Bretherton & R. I. M. Dunbar - 2020 - Archive for the Psychology of Religion 42 (1):63-76.
    The study of church growth has historically been divided into two strands of research: the Church Growth Movement and the Social Science approach. This article argues that Dunbar’s Social Brain Hypothesis represents a legitimate and fruitful third strand in the study of church growth, sharing features of both previous strands but identical with neither. We argue that five predictions derived from the Social Brain Hypothesis are accurately borne out in the empirical and practical church growth literature: that larger congregations lead (...)
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  8.  8
    Transcendence, Religion and Social Bonding.Simon Dein - 2020 - Archive for the Psychology of Religion 42 (1):77-88.
    This article examines the relationship between religion, transcendence and social bonding. I speculate that the capacity to undergo transcendent experiences facilitated social bonding. Following a discussion of Gorelik’s typology of transcendence, it examines the relationship between ritual, transcendence and bonding with an emphasis on singing, dancing and synchrony. It then moves on to explore theory of mind and transcendence. Finally, transcendent emotions like compassion, admiration, gratitude, love and awe will be discussed. I conclude by arguing that transcendence originates from group-level (...)
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  9.  10
    Religion, the Social Brain and the Mystical Stance.Rim Dunbar - 2020 - Archive for the Psychology of Religion 42 (1):46-62.
    This article explores the implications of the social brain and the endorphin-based bonding mechanism that underpins it for the evolution of religion. I argue that religion evolved as one of the behavioural mechanisms designed to facilitate community bonding when humans first evolved the larger social groups of ~150 that now characterise our species. This is not a matter of facilitating cooperation, but of engineering social cohesion – a very different problem. Analysis of the size of C19th utopian communities suggests that (...)
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  10.  7
    How Ritual Might Create Religion: A Neuropsychological Exploration.James W. Jones - 2020 - Archive for the Psychology of Religion 42 (1):29-45.
    Several models of the evolution of religion claim that ritual creates “religion” and gives it a positive evolutionary role. Robert Bellah suggests that the evolutionary roots of ritual lay in the play of animals. For Homo sapiens, Bellah argues, rituals generate a world of experience different from the world of everyday life, and that different world of experience is the foundation of later religious developments. Robin Dunbar points to trance dancing as the original religious behavior. Trance dancing both alters ordinary (...)
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  11.  6
    New Religious Movements and Quasi-Religion: Cognitive Science of Religion at the Margins.Alastair Lockhart - 2020 - Archive for the Psychology of Religion 42 (1):101-122.
    The article offers a critical analysis of the cognitive science of religion as applied to new and quasi-religious movements, and uncovers implicit conceptual and theoretical commitments of the approach. A discussion of CSR’s application to new religious movement case studies identifies concerns about the theorized relationship between CSR and wider socio-cultural factors, and proposals for CSR’s implication in wider processes are discussed. The main discussion analyses three themes in recent work relating CSR to religious and religion-like activities that extend and (...)
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  12.  6
    Four Advantages of a Systemic Approach to the Study of Religion.Richard Sosis - 2020 - Archive for the Psychology of Religion 42 (1):142-157.
    There has been increasing interest in the evolutionary study of religion, but perfunctory fractionalization has limited our ability to explain how and why religion evolved, evaluate religion’s current adaptive value, and assess its role in contemporary decision-making. To move beyond piecemeal analyses of religion, I have recently offered an integrative evolutionary framework that approaches religions as adaptive systems. I argue that religions are an adaptive complex of traits consisting of cognitive, neurological, affective, behavioral, and developmental features that are organized into (...)
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  13.  6
    Emotional Bonds: Bridging the Gap Between Evolutionary and Humanistic Accounts of Religious Belief.Léon Turner - 2020 - Archive for the Psychology of Religion 42 (1):6-28.
    Recent years have seen a growing willingness in the evolutionary cognitive science of religion to embrace an inclusive, theoretically pluralistic approach and the emergence of a broad consensus around some key themes that collectively constitute a central theoretical core of the field. Nevertheless, ECSR still raises serious problems for some in the humanities. In exploring the reasons for the perception of conflict between humanistic and cognitive evolutionary approaches to religion, I suggest that both ECSR’s default account of the origins of (...)
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  14.  6
    Sexual Selection and Religion: Can the Evolution of Religion Be Explained in Terms of Mating Strategies?James A. Van Slyke & Konrad Szocik - 2020 - Archive for the Psychology of Religion 42 (1):123-141.
    This article considers the application of sexual selection theory to the study of religion by discussing the basic concepts and theories in sexual selection and then outlines possibilities of its application to the study of the evolution of religion. The first section outlines basic principles in the sexual selection account, including the evolution of human mating strategies based on dimorphism, gender differences in human mating strategies, and the role of different cultural activities in mating dynamics. Such an overview may be (...)
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  15.  5
    Editorial Introduction.Fraser Watts - 2020 - Archive for the Psychology of Religion 42 (1):3-5.
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  16.  7
    The Evolution of Religious Cognition.Fraser Watts - 2020 - Archive for the Psychology of Religion 42 (1):89-100.
    Several accounts of the evolution of religion distinguish two phases: an earlier shamanic stage and a later doctrinal stage. Similarly, several theories of human cognition distinguish two cognitive modes: a phylogenetically older system that is largely intuitive and a later, more distinctively human system that is more rational and articulate. This article suggests that cognition in the earlier stage in the evolution of religion is largely at the level of intuition, whereas the cognition of doctrine or religion is more conceptual (...)
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