Archive for the Psychology of Religion

ISSNs: 0084-6724, 1573-6121

17 found

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  1.  8
    Contributions of Muslim medieval scholars to psychology.Sameer Ansari & Naved Iqbal - 2023 - Archive for the Psychology of Religion 45 (3):308-333.
    Psychology has been the significant discipline since the time of antiquity which becomes more consolidated during the medieval age of Islam. It had a strong foundation in the professional writings of polymaths from the Islamic Middle Ages that were eventually transmitted to the West. However, the unique psychological contributions of these medieval polymaths remained largely unexplored. Despite the growing interest in their work, which is partly due to Islamic psychology, only a handful of them have been investigated for their unique (...)
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  2.  2
    Experiences of meaning in life in urban and rural Zambia.Anne Austad, Austin Mumba Cheyeka, Lars Johan Danbolt, Gilbert Kamanga, Nelly Mwale, Hans Stifoss-Hanssen, Torgeir Sørensen & Tatjana Schnell - 2023 - Archive for the Psychology of Religion 45 (3):247-268.
    Meaning in life has become an important topic in empirical research in the psychology of religion. Although it has been studied and found applicable in many different contexts, research on meaning in life and sources of meaning in African countries is scarce. This study qualitatively investigates understandings and experiences of meaning in life and sources of meaning among urban and village dwellers with different educational backgrounds in Zambia. Seven focus group interviews (total N = 52) were conducted and analysed, drawing (...)
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  3.  6
    Unpackaging gender differences in justifying morally debatable behaviors around the world: The role of personal religiosity and society’s socialization priorities for its children.Michael Harris Bond & Xiaobin Lou - 2023 - Archive for the Psychology of Religion 45 (3):269-284.
    Women generally report greater religiosity and justify morally debatable behaviors less than men. This study examined if personal religiosity mediates the relationship of gender and justification of different types of morally debatable behaviors across societies with diverse religious heritages. We also explored how a society’s endorsement of preferred qualities in the socialization of children would moderate the links between personal religiosity and justification of morally debatable types of behavior. Using the World Values Survey Wave 7 data (47 societies; 66,992 respondents), (...)
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  4.  12
    The experience of, and beliefs about, divine grace in mainline protestant Christianity: A consensual qualitative approach.Adam S. Hodge, Jolene Norton, Logan T. Karwoski, Julian Yoon, Joshua N. Hook, Kristen Kansiewicz, Hansong Zhang, Laura E. Captari, Don E. Davis & Daryl R. Van Tongeren - 2023 - Archive for the Psychology of Religion 45 (3):285-307.
    The empirical study of grace, a relational virtue, is in its beginning stages. The purpose of this study was to provide rich, context-based, qualitative data to describe Mainline Protestants’ (a) experiences of, and (b) beliefs about, divine grace. Interviews were conducted with 28 community adults who were affiliated with Mainline Protestant Churches. Results indicated that Mainline Protestant Christians have varying beliefs about divine grace and how it is related to both the present moment and the afterlife. Divine grace was often (...)
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  5.  22
    A comprehensive literature review of Islam-oriented scales on religiosity, spirituality, and morality.Urfath Nabi, Shawkat Ahmad Shah & Adil Hussain Seh - 2023 - Archive for the Psychology of Religion 45 (3):334-354.
    Measurements play a significant role in the scientific investigation of religious phenomena. The study of religion, in general, has attracted considerable attention from academia and literature. The aim of this study was to conduct a systematic analysis of the literature regarding scales that have been developed for measuring variables with Islamic relevance and importance, having a theoretical framework embedded in the primary sources of Islamic literature (the Quran and hadith) and validated on Muslim samples. Six well-known databases were selected—ScienceDirect, Web (...)
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  6.  3
    Differences in religious and spiritual practice variables between Canadian counselors and psychologists.Thomas Willman, Thomas B. Douce & Robinder Bedi - 2023 - Archive for the Psychology of Religion 45 (3):229-246.
    This article investigates whether there are differences in religious and spiritual (R/S) beliefs, attitudes, practices, training, and self-assessed competence between counselors and psychologists in Canada. Researchers surveyed 307 mental health professionals in Canada with two standardized measures (the Assessment of Spirituality and Religious Sentiments Scale and the Duke University Religion Index) and various other questions corresponding to variables investigated or alluded to in past research. We hypothesized that, compared with psychologists, counselors would (a) have stronger personal R/S beliefs, (b) demonstrate (...)
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  7.  14
    Religious worship online: A qualitative study of two Sunday virtual services.Simon Dein & Fraser Watts - 2023 - Archive for the Psychology of Religion 45 (2):191-209.
    This article examines the experience of online worship among 13 participants ‘attending’ virtual services in Cambridge. We focus upon an online formal Eucharistic service and a more informal Sunday evening non-Eucharistic service. After providing an overview of the literature on online religion, more specifically the possibility of a virtual religious community and the performance of online Eucharist, we present data from semi-structured interviews which were analysed through thematic analysis. The interviews reveal that virtual services, while better than nothing, have significant (...)
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  8.  16
    Christian internalization of a healthy lifestyle: A theoretical analysis.Mark D. Faries, Stephen D. Green & Autumn Green - 2023 - Archive for the Psychology of Religion 45 (2):174-190.
    This study explored Christians’ view that living a healthy lifestyle by eating right and exercising was essential to what being a Christian meant to them, theoretically representing internalization of these health behaviors into one’s religious values and identity. Using a secondary data analysis of Pew Research Center survey data, we found that a minority of Christians (16%) internalized a healthy lifestyle; who also tended to be more religious, as expressed by believing in God, reading scripture, praying, and volunteering at church. (...)
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  9.  7
    Reflections of modernization in religious worldviews of Israeli religious minority students.Sawsan Kheir - 2023 - Archive for the Psychology of Religion 45 (2):152-173.
    Scholarship on the hybrid and interrelated nature of religion and secularism among religious minorities is still scarce. This study explores how young adult religious minority students in Israel, Muslims and Druze, integrate their religious worldviews within modernity, separately for each group and comparatively for both, with special attention to their conflictual position as minorities. The research data were collected as part of a mixed-methods research project—Young Adults and Religion in a Global Perspective (YARG), which used the Faith Q-Sort method (version (...)
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  10.  4
    Religious identity, religious practice, and religious beliefs across countries and world regions.Ângela Leite, Bruno Nobre & Paulo Dias - 2023 - Archive for the Psychology of Religion 45 (2):107-132.
    The aim of this study was to evaluate the structure and measurement invariance of the religious identity, religious practice, and religious beliefs across cultures in six world regions (Asia, non-Western Europe, North America, Oceania, South America, and Western Europe) and across Western, Educated, Industrialized, Rich, and Democratic regions (WEIRD) and non-WEIRD world regions. Confirmatory factory analysis examined whether the hypothesized measurement model fits the data; several multi-group confirmatory factor analyses were performed to examine measurement invariance through a progressive analytic strategy (...)
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  11.  8
    Allah has told us everything: An interpretative phenomenological analysis exploring the lived experiences of British Muslims.James Murphy, Fergal W. Jones & Dennis Nigbur - 2023 - Archive for the Psychology of Religion 45 (2):133-151.
    There is a need to better understand how individuals in different religious groups construct and maintain their worldviews. This study explores how religious practices, beliefs, and relationships create and sustain the worldviews of five British Muslims. Semi-structured interviews were inductively analyzed using interpretative phenomenological analysis (IPA) to idiographically explore the participants’ lived experiences. This analysis developed multiple subordinate themes that formed two superordinate themes: “Submitting to Allah” and “Being a British Muslim.” The participants’ experiences of being raised in Muslim families (...)
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  12.  6
    Between privilege and exclusion: Orthodox church singers coping with the Covid-19 lockdown.Maria Takala-Roszczenko - 2023 - Archive for the Psychology of Religion 45 (2):210-226.
    The outbreak of the Covid-19 pandemic restricted public worship in many religious communities. This article explores how the amateur singers in Eastern Orthodox Christian church choirs coped with the 2-month liturgical lockdown in Finland during the spring of 2020. During the lockdown, only a limited number of singers were allowed to perform in worship, which was live streamed on social media. Based on a mixed-methods online survey, the article focuses on the psychological impact of the lockdown on individual church singers; (...)
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  13.  25
    A narrative evaluation of a faith-based aftercare program for youth involved in the juvenile justice system.Austin J. P. Ferolino & Reuel Joab C. Yap - 2023 - Archive for the Psychology of Religion 45 (1):37-60.
    This study reports on the preliminary outcome evaluation of the Magone Home Aftercare Program (MHAP), a faith-based juvenile justice residential facility in the Philippines that provides intensive aftercare treatment for adolescent males involved in the juvenile justice system after their time in a rehabilitation facility or community detention in their area of residence. Although evaluation studies are typically conducted using quantitative research methods, we believe a narrative research approach can be a useful methodology that elucidates “ why” and “ how” (...)
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  14.  10
    Epilepsy and religiosity: A historical overview.Júlia Gyimesi - 2023 - Archive for the Psychology of Religion 45 (1):3-22.
    This article aims to provide a historical overview of the relationship between epilepsy and religiosity. Although the link between epilepsy and religiosity has been observed since ancient times, empirical research has not supported the direct relationship between epilepsy and religiosity in any unequivocal way. The rich reference to the historical relationship between epilepsy and religiosity often served as a kind of evidence in itself, even though observations of epileptic religiosity were far less detailed as modern scholars referred to them. A (...)
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  15.  11
    Qualitatively exploring repentance processes, antecedents, motivations, resources, and outcomes in Latter-day Saints.Justin J. Hendricks, Jocelyn Cazier, Jenae M. Nelson, Loren D. Marks & Sam A. Hardy - 2023 - Archive for the Psychology of Religion 45 (1):61-84.
    Despite the prevalence of beliefs across religions regarding repentance and divine forgiveness and their recognition in theoretical and religious studies, these constructs are relatively understudied phenomena in the social sciences. Furthermore, in recent years, multiple scholars have argued for the need for research to systematically study and highlight the experience and processes of repentance and divine forgiveness. Subsequently, this study explored processes of repentance, antecedents and motivations of repentance, resources to aid in repentance, and outcomes of repentance that should be (...)
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  16.  10
    Fear of COVID-19, death depression and death anxiety: Religious coping as a mediator.Muhammed Kızılgeçit & Murat Yıldırım - 2023 - Archive for the Psychology of Religion 45 (1):23-36.
    The COVID-19 pandemic has affected the well-being and mental health of populations worldwide. This study sought to examine whether religious coping mediated the relationship between COVID-19-related fear and death distress. We administered an online survey to 390 adult participants (66.15% females; Mage = 30.85 ± 10.19 years) across Turkey. Participants completed a series of questionnaires measuring the fear they had experienced during the COVID-19 pandemic, their levels of religious coping and their levels of death anxiety and depression. Our findings revealed (...)
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  17.  7
    Patients at risk of suicide and their meaning in life experiences.Ane Inger Bondahl Søberg, Lars Johan Danbolt, Torgeir Sørensen & Sigrid Helene Kjørven Haug - 2023 - Archive for the Psychology of Religion 45 (1):85-103.
    Patients in specialist mental healthcare services who are at risk of suicide may experience their struggles as existential in nature. Yet, research on meaning in life has been relatively scarce in suicidology. This qualitative study aimed to explore how patients at risk of suicide perceived their encounters with specialist healthcare professionals after a suicide attempt (SA), with special reference to meaning in life experiences. The study was conducted in specialised mental healthcare services in Norway. Data were collected via individual interviews (...)
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