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  1. An Islamic Bioethics Framework to Justify the At-Risk Adolescents’ Regulations on Access to Key Reproductive Health Services.Forouzan Akrami, Alireza Zali & Mahmoud Abbasi - 2022 - Asian Bioethics Review 14 (3):225-235.
    Adolescent sexuality is one of the most important reproductive health issues that confronts healthcare professionals with moral dilemmas and legal issues. In this study, we aim to justify the at-risk adolescents’ regulations on access to key reproductive health services based on principles of Islamic biomedical ethics and jurisprudence. Despite the illegitimacy and prohibition of sexuality for both girls and boys in Islamic communities, in this study, using 5 principles or universal rules of purpose; certainty, no-harm; necessity; and custom, we argue (...)
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  2. Values, Principles, Perspectives and Attitudes in Bioethics.Graeme T. Laurie - 2022 - Asian Bioethics Review 14 (3):213-215.
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  3.  2
    Public Attitudes Toward COVID-19 Vaccinations Before Dawn in Japan: Ethics and Future Perspectives.Haruka Nakada, Kyoko Takashima, Yuichi Maru, Tsunakuni Ikka, Koichiro Yuji, Sachie Yoshida & Kenji Matsui - 2022 - Asian Bioethics Review 14 (3):287-302.
    Improving public understanding and acceptance are critical for promoting coronavirus vaccination. However, how to promote COVID-19 vaccine programs remains controversial due to various ethical issues. This study, thus, aimed to survey the acceptance of COVID-19 vaccines among Japanese citizens and discuss relevant ethical issues. A cross-sectional survey was conducted via an online platform. An anonymous, quantitative, self-administered online questionnaire was sent to 6965 registered Japanese residents, which included questions regarding the respondent’s general knowledge, experience, and opinions of vaccines, vaccine development, (...)
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  4.  1
    Negotiating ‘Surrogate Mothering’ and Women’s Freedom.Zairu Nisha - 2022 - Asian Bioethics Review 14 (3):271-285.
    Surrogacy is one of the desired reproductive technologies for family formation, yet surrogate mothers are subjected to unethical treatments and unbalanced power relations in India. Such treatment obscures women’s free decision-making and can be detrimental to their maternal self. Recently, the Surrogacy Act, 2021, has received the President’s approval to regulate surrogacy practices by limiting them for the altruistic motives which have again provoked the burning debates regarding reproductive technologies, women’s emancipation and procreative labour. The paper thus explores women’s agency, (...)
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  5. Mapping Out the Trajectory of Islamic Perspectives on Neuroethics.Noorina Noorfuad - 2022 - Asian Bioethics Review 14 (3):217-223.
    The advancements of medical technology incited multi-disciplinary discussions with regard to its ethical implications. Within the neuroscientific domain, the term ‘neuroethics’ has gained prominence over recent years. However, the contributions of religious perspectives in the nascent field of neuroethics are particularly few. The scarce literature on Islamic perspectives on neuroethics merely questioned its importance and introduced a sharia-based framework that can be implemented. Building upon this, the possible trajectories of Islamic perspectives on neuroethics can be mapped out by tapping into (...)
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  6.  2
    Ethical Analysis of Appropriate Incentive Measures Promoting Organ Donation in Bangladesh.Md Sanwar Siraj - 2022 - Asian Bioethics Review 14 (3):237-257.
    Bangladesh, a Muslim-majority country, has a national organ donation law that was passed in 1999 and revised in 2018. The law allows living-related and brain-dead donor organ transplantation. There are no legal barriers to these two types of organ donations, but there is no legislation providing necessary costs and incentive measures associated with successful organ transplants. However, many governments across the globe provide different types of incentives for motivating living donors and families of deceased donors. This study assesses the merits (...)
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  7.  3
    An Ethical Defense of a Mandated Choice Consent Procedure for Deceased Organ Donation.Xavier Symons & Billy Poulden - 2022 - Asian Bioethics Review 14 (3):259-270.
    Organ transplant shortages are ubiquitous in healthcare systems around the world. In response, several commentators have argued for the adoption of an opt-out policy for organ transplantation, whereby individuals would by default be registered as organ donors unless they informed authorities of their desire to opt-out. This may potentially lead to an increase in donation rates. An opt-out system, however, presumes consent even when it is evident that a significant minority are resistant to organ donation. In this article, we defend (...)
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  8.  1
    Discussions on Present Japanese Psychocultural-Social Tendencies as Obstacles to Clinical Shared Decision-Making in Japan.Seiji Bito, Taketoshi Okita & Atsushi Asai - 2022 - Asian Bioethics Review 14 (2):133-150.
    In Japan, where a prominent gap exists in what is considered a patient’s best interest between the medical and patient sides, appropriate decision-making can be difficult to achieve. In Japanese clinical settings, decision-making is considered an act of choice-making from multiple potential options. With many ethical dilemmas still remaining, establishing an appropriate decision-making process is an urgent task in modern Japanese healthcare. This paper examines ethical issues related to shared decision-making in clinical settings in modern Japan from the psychocultural-social perspective (...)
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  9.  1
    Reducing the Ethical Burdens of Antimicrobial Stewardship Using a Social Determinants Approach.Vijayaprasad Gopichandran - 2022 - Asian Bioethics Review 14 (2):183-190.
    Antimicrobial resistance is an emerging global health problem. Antimicrobial stewardship interventions attempt at regulating the prescription and use of antimicrobials so that the emergence of resistance is reduced. But antimicrobial stewardship interventions have several ethical issues such as inequity in access to antimicrobials among the poor who need them more, and limitation of the autonomy of prescribers and patients. Several upstream social determinants influence susceptibility to infections, antimicrobial prescription practices, and emergence of antimicrobial resistance. Some of these social determinants impose (...)
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  10.  1
    Diversity of Experience and Perspective in Bioethics.Graeme T. Laurie - 2022 - Asian Bioethics Review 14 (2):103-105.
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  11.  4
    Health Inequalities Amongst Refugees and Migrant Workers in the Midst of the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Report of Two Cases.Shu Hui Ng - 2022 - Asian Bioethics Review 14 (2):107-114.
    Malaysia hosts a significant number of refugees, asylum-seekers and migrant workers. Healthcare access for these individuals has always proved a challenge: language barriers, financial constraints and mobility restrictions are some of the frequently cited hurdles. The COVID-19 pandemic has exacerbated these existing inequalities, with migrants and refugees bearing the brunt of chronic systemic injustices. Providing equitable healthcare access for all, regardless of their citizenship and social status remains an ethical challenge for healthcare providers, particularly within the framework of a resource-limited (...)
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  12.  1
    Exploring the Ethical Dilemmas in End-of-Life Care and the Concept of a Good Death in Bhutan.Langa Tenzin, Dorji Gyeltshen, Kinley Yangdon, Nidup Dorji & Thinley Dorji - 2022 - Asian Bioethics Review 14 (2):191-197.
    Buddhists, including the Bhutanese, value human life as rare and precious, and accept sickness, ageing and death as normal aspects of life. However, death and dying are subjects that evoke deep and disturbing emotions often characterised by denial related to high-tech medicalisation and its inspiring hope. Advanced medical interventions such as cardiopulmonary resuscitation are believed to interfere with the natural process of dying. However, some excessively pursue medical interventions in the hope of prolonging and preserving life, refusing its finitude. Healthcare (...)
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