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  1. Spyros Troianos. Die Quellen des Byzantinischen Rechts, bespr.Lorena Atzeri - 2020 - Byzantinische Zeitschrift 113 (3):1114-1116.
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  2. Thomas Arentzen. The Virgin in Song: Mary and the Poetry of Romanos the Melodist, Bespr.Arkadiy Avdokhin - 2020 - Byzantinische Zeitschrift 113 (3):1089-1095.
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  3.  1
    Detlef Melsbach. Bildung Und Religion. Strukturen Paganer Theologie in Salustios’ Περὶ Θεῶν Καὶ Κόσμου, Bespr.Raphael Brendel - 2020 - Byzantinische Zeitschrift 113 (3):1102-1111.
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  4.  1
    Michele Bacci. The Mystic Cave. A History of the Nativity Church in Bethlehem, Bespr.Beat Brenk - 2020 - Byzantinische Zeitschrift 113 (3):1095-1098.
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  5. Die Hiatregel in den Jamben von Gregor von Nazianz.Claudio De Stefani - 2020 - Byzantinische Zeitschrift 113 (3):717-732.
    In the Iambs of Gregory of Nazianzus occur many hiatuses: this might suggest that his verses had been composed with carelessness. In fact, if we examine the various kinds of hiatuses, we notice that some of them should not be considered as such, because they occur after words, or along with iuncturae, that usually admit them. There remains, however, a considerable number of hiatus in caesura. The article strives to demonstrate that these hiatuses are due to the imitation of the (...)
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  6.  2
    Procopius on Theodora: Ancient and New Biographical Patterns.Oriol Febrer & Sergi Grau - 2020 - Byzantinische Zeitschrift 113 (3):769-788.
    The Anékdota or Secret History of Procopius of Caesarea tends to raise perplexity among scholars for different reasons, particularly the fact that a courtier wrote this work as well as the Buildings, a clear praise of Justinian through his constructions and foundations, and the Wars, in the most canonical historiographical tradition. It is apparent that the Secret History, as it is usually acknowledged, is related to the tradition of the invective and the pamphlet, even to the earlier classic iambography, but (...)
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  7.  1
    A Forgotten Translation by Theodorus Gaza Unveiled and its Context.Guillermo Galán Vioque - 2020 - Byzantinische Zeitschrift 113 (3):733-750.
    The emigrant Byzantine humanist Theodorus Gaza is well known as a teacher of Greek in various Italian cities, as a copyist of Greek manuscripts, and as a translator of Greek philosophical works into Latin. His undertakings as a translator of Latin works into Greek, among which his version of Cicero’s De senectute deserves mention, have gone relatively unnoticed. In this article we rediscover a largely forgotten translation of Cic. Fam. 1.1, despite it having been printed independently twice and having been (...)
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  8.  1
    Die Wiederentdeckung von Byzanz: Die kretische Ikone von Göttingen und die Koimesis-Darstellung in der byzantinischen und postbyzantinischen Epoche.Markos Giannoulis - 2020 - Byzantinische Zeitschrift 113 (3):751-768.
    What are the similarities and the differences of icons from the same workshop depicting the same subject? An important portable icon with the representation of the Dormition of the Virgin, hitherto unknown, preserved today in the Art Collection of the University of Göttingen, helps answering this question. The studydeals with the fascinating journey of this icon from Venetian-dominated Crete in the 15th century to Germany of the 18th century. Furthermore, this paper shows that the icon of Göttingen belongs to a (...)
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  9.  2
    Old Statues, New Meanings. Literary, Epigraphic and Archaeological Evidence for Christian Reidentification of Statuary.Ine Jacobs - 2020 - Byzantinische Zeitschrift 113 (3):789-836.
    This article examines literary, epigraphic and archaeological evidence for the Christian reidentification of statuary and reliefs as biblical scenes and protagonists, saints and angels. It argues that Christian identifications were promulgated, amongst others by local bishops, to make sense of imagery of which the original identity had been lost and/or was no longer meaningful. Three conditions for a new identification are discussed: the absence of an epigraphic label, geographical and/or chronological distance separating the statue from its original context of display, (...)
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  10. Writing Letters and Chronography in Parallel: The Case of Michael Glykas’ Letter Collection and Biblos Chronike in the 12th Century.Eirini-Sophia Kiapidou - 2020 - Byzantinische Zeitschrift 113 (3):837-852.
    This paper focuses on the 12th-century Byzantine scholar Michael Glykas and the two main pillars of his multifarious literary production, Biblos Chronike and Letters, thoroughly exploring for the first time the nature of their interconnection. In addition to the primary goal, i. e. clarifying as far as possible the conditions in which these two works were written, taking into account their intertextuality, it extends the discussion to the mixture of features in texts of different literary genre, written in parallel, by (...)
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  11. When Christology Intersects with Embryology: The Viewpoints of Nestorian, Monophysite and Chalcedonian Authors of the Sixth to Tenth Centuries.Dirk Krausmüller - 2020 - Byzantinische Zeitschrift 113 (3):853-878.
    The notion that the soul comes into existence simultaneously with the body at the moment of conception was originally introduced into the Patristic discourse as an alternative to the Origenist notion of a pre-existing soul. Yet from the sixth century onwards it was itself regarded as an Origenist tenet. Now it was claimed that only those who believed the soul to be created after the body were truly orthodox. The present article examines the links between this development and the Christological (...)
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  12.  1
    Eight Unedited Poems to His Friends and Patrons by Manuel Philes.Krystina Kubina - 2020 - Byzantinische Zeitschrift 113 (3):879-904.
    This article presents the critical edition of eight hitherto unpublished poems by Manuel Philes together with a translation and a commentary. The poems are verse letters addressed to various high-ranking individuals. Poem 1 is addressed to the emperor, whose power is emphasised in a request to help Philes escape from his misery. Poem 2 is a fragment likewise addressed to the emperor. Poem 3 is a consolatory poem for a father whose son has died. In poem 4, Philes addresses a (...)
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  13.  1
    „Byzantinisch“ oder „germanisch“? Zur Ambivalenz wilhelminischer Mosaiken am Beispiel der Erlöserkirche in Bad Homburg.Philipp Niewöhner - 2020 - Byzantinische Zeitschrift 113 (3):905-922.
    The Erlöserkirche at Bad Homburg was built between 1903 and 1908 at the instigation of Kaiser Wilhelm II. It combines a neo-Romanesque exterior with Norman-Sicilian mosaics inside. Both were „Germanic“ to the emperor, and the church embodied his all encompassing claim to the tradition of the medieval Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation. Alternatively, the contemporary Byzantinist Ernst Gerland pointed to a Byzantine origin of the Norman-Sicilian models. This „Byzantine“ reading has prevailed ever since, but does not stand up (...)
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  14. Tafelanhang.Philipp Niewöhner & Markos Giannoulis - 2020 - Byzantinische Zeitschrift 113 (3):1119-1133.
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  15. Die Kirche von Zypern im sogenannten monenergetisch-monotheletischen Streit des 7. Jh.s.Heinz Ohme - 2020 - Byzantinische Zeitschrift 113 (3):933-980.
    This essay examines the main sources on the attitude of the Church of Cyprus in the so-called monoenergetic-monotheletic dispute. It is shown that the Church of Cyprus was a loyal and active partner in Constantinople’s policy of reconciliation with the Antichalcedonian churches of the East. Cyprus was also, especially under Archbishop Arkadios, a place of exile for opponents of this reconciliation, and in 636 also the venue of an important synod which was attended by legates of almost the whole church. (...)
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  16. Breaking Silence in the Historiography of Procopius of Caesarea.Charles F. Pazdernik - 2020 - Byzantinische Zeitschrift 113 (3):981-1024.
    Procopius employs the motif of “grieving in silence” to describe the deliberations preceding Justinian’s invasion of Vandal North Africa in 533 and his vendetta against the urban prefect of Constantinople in 523. The particularity of Procopius’ language in these passages makes their collocation especially pronounced. The distance between the Wars and the Secret History, which represents itself breaking the silence between what the Wars can state publicly and the unvarnished truth, may be measured by two “wise advisers” who speak when (...)
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  17. Vlastimil Drbal. Pilgerfahrt im spätantiken Nahen Osten (3./4.–8. Jahrhundert), bespr.Thomas Pratsch - 2020 - Byzantinische Zeitschrift 113 (3):1099-1102.
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  18.  1
    Manus, quae supplevit, inscripsit scholia Theophili Protospatharii. Galien, Théophile et le commentaire mélange aux Aphorismes d’Hippocrate.Christina Savino - 2020 - Byzantinische Zeitschrift 113 (3):1025-1040.
    Galen’s commentary on the Hippocratic Aphorisms is transmitted by a large amount of Medieval and Renaissance manuscripts. Some of them remarkably display a “mixed” text, in which Galen’s commentary is combined with passages from the later commentator Theophilus. Most important among these is the Marc. gr. V 9, which inserts two large passages by Theophilus into the Galenic commentary. Both of them were copied by the late physician and student of John Argyropoulos in Constantinople, Demetrios Angelos, who was not primarly (...)
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  19.  2
    Four Lead Seals of the 11th Century From Yozgat.Werner Seibt & Ergün Laflı - 2020 - Byzantinische Zeitschrift 113 (3):923-932.
    In the museum of Yozgat in eastern-central Anatolia four eleventh century A.D. seals of Byzantine dignitaries are stored, all of them originate probably from central Anatolia. Basileios Trichinopodes was hypatos and strategos of Anazarbus in Cilicia in the middle of the eleventh century, Katakalon was hypatos and strategos of Larissa in Cappadocia in the third quarter of the same century, a civil dignitary, probably named Pirmanes, was protospatharios and chartoularios of the Bucellarian Theme in the second half of the tenth (...)
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  20. Hans C. Teitler. The Last Pagan Emperor: Julian the Apostate and the War Against Christianity, Bespr.Peter Van Nuffelen - 2020 - Byzantinische Zeitschrift 113 (3):1112-1114.
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  21.  3
    The Eternal Manifestation of the Spirit Through the Son: A Hypostatic or Energetic Reality? Inquiry in the Works of Gregory of Cyprus and Gregory Palamas.Anne-Sophie Vivier-Mureşan - 2020 - Byzantinische Zeitschrift 113 (3):1041-1068.
    The theological formulation of the “eternal manifestation of the Spirit through the Son”, developed by the patriarch of Constantinople Gregory of Cyprus in the 13th century, has been the subject of numerous studies in the 20th century and played an important role in the renewal of Trinitarian Orthodox theology. The interpretations are however diverging. Most theologians see in this formulation the manifestation of the uncreated energy, which would have been formalized later by Gregory Palamas. Others understand it as a hypostatic (...)
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  22. The Byzantine Reception of Aristotle’s Rhetoric: The 12th Century Renaissance.Melpomeni Vogiatzi - 2020 - Byzantinische Zeitschrift 113 (3):1069-1088.
    In this paper, I argue that, after centuries of neglect, a revival of interest towards Aristotle’s Rhetoric took place in 12th century Constantinople, which led to the production of a number of commentaries. In order to give an overview of the commentary tradition on the Rhetoric, I examine first the surviving extant commentaries themselves, then the information that the commentators offer regarding their preceding interpretations, and last the traces of commentaries on the Rhetoric found in other treatises. This examination will (...)
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  23.  2
    Iberische Halbinsel und Marokko; Johannes G. Deckers, Guntram Koch. Konstantinopel, besprochen von Martin Dennert.Nora Büchsenschutz - 2020 - Byzantinische Zeitschrift 113 (1):263-276.
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  24.  3
    Style Et Idéologie. De la Version Longue À la Version Brève de la Vie de Jean L’Aumônier, Due À Léonce de Néapolis.Pablo Cavallero - 2020 - Byzantinische Zeitschrift 113 (1):1-34.
    The changes in the short version of Leontios of Neapolis’ Life of John the Almsgiver are analyzed in order to evaluate their cause and to expose their literary character. It is shown that the saint’s oaths are suppressed due to a misunderstanding of a passage in the Prologue, and by respect of the Evangelical commandment. The short version also eliminates pagan concepts of fortune, emphasises the social hierarchy, the accordance between words and thoughts, the action of God as a cause (...)
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  25.  2
    Picture and Text: On the “Iconography” of Sacred Spaces in Middle-Byzantine Ekphraseis.Beatrice Daskas - 2020 - Byzantinische Zeitschrift 113 (1):35-68.
    The present contribution engages with two representative examples of middle-Byzantine ekphraseis, Photios’ description of the Virgin of the Pharos and Leo VI’s account of the church founded by Stylianos Zautzes. It aims at showing how these texts suggest modes of viewing the sacred space and decoration that pose, more than settle, questions about images and pictures, their intended function, significance and impact within their specific cultural frames of reference. Far from being neutral and disengaged, these verbal representations have a specific (...)
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  26.  1
    Nachruf Joachim Kramer.Martin Dennert - 2020 - Byzantinische Zeitschrift 113 (1):289-294.
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  27.  2
    The Petra Papyri V, besprochen von Theresia Schusser.Jorma Kaimio, Jaako Frösén & Antti Ariavariava - 2020 - Byzantinische Zeitschrift 113 (1):249-254.
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  28.  3
    A Lifetime with Proclus: Psellos as Reader.Frederick Lauritzen - 2020 - Byzantinische Zeitschrift 113 (1):69-80.
    Michael Psellos read texts of the Neoplatonist Proclus throughout his life. His interest may have started as early as 1034, but the first direct references can be dated to ca 1041 and the last occur towards the end of his life, notably the Omnifaria Doctrina. Psellos’ interest in Proclus evolved over time: 1. 1034-1043 hermeneutical problems, 2. 1043-1059 theurgy and interest in relation between body and soul, 3. 1059-1081 physiology and interest in Proclus’ philosophical principles. Psellos’ wide range of interests (...)
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  29.  2
    Byzantine Poetry From Pisides to Geometres: Texts and Contexts, Volume 2, Besprochen von Baukje van den Berg.Marc D. Lauxtermann - 2020 - Byzantinische Zeitschrift 113 (1):254-259.
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  30.  3
    New Evidence Regarding the Early History of the Monastery of Vatopedi (Mt Athos): Unpublished Sigillographical Material.Dimitrios Liakos & Christos Stavrakos - 2020 - Byzantinische Zeitschrift 113 (1):175-188.
    This paper deals with an unpublished lead seal was found during the excavation works within the chandler’s workshop of Vatopedi, a later structure which was added to the eastern face of the bell tower. The seal names a Constantine, chartoularios and epi tou patriarchikou sekretou and dates back to 10th till early 11th century. It is one of the rare direct sources regarding the very early period of the monastery, from which we have no other information, and serves to highlight (...)
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  31.  1
    Le Commentaire de Théodoret de Cyr Sur L’Epître aux Romains, Besprochen von Wolfram Kinzig.Agnès Lorrain - 2020 - Byzantinische Zeitschrift 113 (1):259-262.
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  32.  3
    Socrates the Judge: A Not-so-Platonizing Dialogue on the Deposition of Patriarch Nicholas IV Mouzalon.Lev Lukhovitskiy & Varvara Zharkaya - 2020 - Byzantinische Zeitschrift 113 (1):219-248.
    The article brings under scrutiny an understudied dialogical account about the deposition of the patriarch of Constantinople Nicholas IV Mouzalon. A close reading shows that this is not an official record of the proceedings but a piece of fiction that deliberately inverts the generic conventions of the two types of texts indicative of the 12th-century literary landscape, namely 1) minutes of church councils and 2) syllogistic theological dialogues. The anonymous author invites the reader to recognize the all-familiar scheme of the (...)
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  33. Bessarionea.John Monfasani - 2020 - Byzantinische Zeitschrift 113 (1):81-92.
    1. Date of birth once again. 2. The name of Bessarion’s mother was Theodora. 3. A retraction: B. Venetus was not Bessarion Venetus.
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  34.  3
    Herennius Philon’s Progeny: Ps-Ammonius, Eustathius and the Term Συγγραφεῖς in Postclassical Times.Dimitrios Papanikolaou - 2020 - Byzantinische Zeitschrift 113 (1):93-110.
    The paper is concerned with a similar entry of the lexica of Thomas Magister and Ps-Ammonius concerning the semantic difference between συγγρα- φεῖς and ἱστορικοί. The entry is proven to be ultimately descended from the lost lexicon Περὶ τῶν διαφόρως σημαινομένων of Herennius Philon ; this lexicon in its lost unabridged form seems to have influenced the distinction συγγραφεῖς / ἱστορικοί in the preface of the historical work of Eustathius on the sack of Thessalonica by the Normans. The paper investigates (...)
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  35.  2
    The Rhetorical Works of the School of Gaza.Robert J. Penella - 2020 - Byzantinische Zeitschrift 113 (1):111-174.
    This paper surveys the rhetorical works of the so-called School of Gaza of the late fifth and early sixth centuries in light of the recent wave of scholarship on the School. It focuses on themes, rhetorical genres, and structural features. The Gazan repertoire includes “real life” orations, declamations, dialexeis, progymnasmatic pieces, and oratorical paratexts such as preliminary dialexeis and protheōriai. The paper seeks to provide a map to this important but neglected body of texts, synthesizing recent scholarship and adding some (...)
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  36.  1
    Un fantôme historique : «l’autre Theophane».Panayotis Yannopoulos - 2020 - Byzantinische Zeitschrift 113 (1):189-218.
    At the beginning of the 9th c. George Syncellus began to write a universal chronicle, the second part of which was completed by the monk Theophanes. According to Byzantine tradition this monk was Theophanes the Confessor. But 10th-century sources note that this Theophanes was the grandfather or greatuncle of the emperor Constantine VII, which is historically impossible. This prompted P. Speck to invent “another Theophanes”, who lived during the second half of the 9th c. and was the editor of the (...)
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  37.  4
    Ἰμπέριος καὶ Μαργαρώνα, besprochen von Carolina Cupane.Kostas Yiavis - 2020 - Byzantinische Zeitschrift 113 (1):276-283.
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  38.  4
    Византийский Понт и Грузия, besprochen von Rudolf Stefec.Erekle G. Žordanija - 2020 - Byzantinische Zeitschrift 113 (1):283-288.
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