Year:

  1.  3
    Male Participation in Antenatal Care and its Influence on Their Pregnant Partners’ Reproductive Health Care Utilization: Insight From the 2015 Afghanistan Demographic and Health Survey.Sharifullah Alemi, Keiko Nakamura, Mosiur Rahman & Kaoruko Seino - 2021 - Journal of Biosocial Science 53 (3):436-458.
    Afghanistan has made remarkable progress in reducing maternal mortality over the past few decades, and male participation in their pregnant partner’s reproductive health care is crucial for further improvement. This study aimed to examine whether male attendance at antenatal care with their pregnant partners might be beneficially associated with the degree of utilization of reproductive health care by the pregnant partners. Data for 2660 couples were taken from the 2015 Afghanistan Demographic and Health Survey. Bivariate and multivariate logistic regression models (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  2.  2
    Postpartum and Post-Abortion Contraceptive Use Among Unmarried Young Women in Ghana.D. Yaw Atiglo & Adriana A. E. Biney - 2021 - Journal of Biosocial Science 53 (3):459-470.
    Pregnancy outcomes impact subsequent contraceptive behaviour. The purpose of this study was to assess the relationship between previous pregnancy outcomes and subsequent contraceptive behaviours among unmarried young women intending to delay childbearing. Using data from the 2014 Ghana Demographic and Health Survey, among 1118 sexually experienced, fecund and non-pregnant unmarried women aged 15–24 years, the study assessed how childbirth and abortion are related to sexual abstinence and use of modern contraception. While about 70% of unmarried young women were nulligravid, approximately (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  3.  3
    Do Costs and Benefits of Children Matter for Religious People? Perceived Consequences of Parenthood and Fertility Intentions in Poland.Christoph Bein, Monika Mynarska & Anne H. Gauthier - 2021 - Journal of Biosocial Science 53 (3):419-435.
    The aim of this study was to examine the positive relationship between religiosity and fertility from the perspective of perceived consequences of parenthood. Previous studies in Germany have found that highly religious people ascribe higher benefits and lower costs to having children. Furthermore, the impact of costs and benefits on fertility is less pronounced among the highly religious. This study tested these mechanisms for fertility intentions and in the context of Poland – a country with a low fertility rate and (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  4.  5
    Improving Use of Maternal Care Services Among Married Adolescent Girls: An Intervention Study in Rural India.Ashok Dyalchand, Rohini Prabha Pande, Gopal Kulkarni & Manisha Khale - 2021 - Journal of Biosocial Science 53 (3):336-355.
    This study examined the effect of the Safe Adolescent Transition and Health Initiative programme on the use of maternal care services among rural, pregnant adolescents in India. This was an intensive community-based, multi-site intervention project conducted in Maharashtra state between 2008 and 2011. Its aims were to improve the reproductive health of married adolescent girls and avert the adverse consequences of early motherhood. It had a quasi-experimental, case-control, pre-post design to enable rigorous evaluation. This study used cross-sectional data from 644 (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  5.  7
    Consanguinity Rates Among Syrian Refugees in Lebanon: A Study on Genetic Awareness.Malak El Sabeh, Mohamed Faisal Kassir, Paola Ghanem, Omran Saifi, Dalia El Hadi, Yara Khalifeh, Abdul Rahman Ekkawi, Marc Ghabach, Monique Chaaya, Georges Nemer, Ossama Abbas & Mazen Kurban - 2021 - Journal of Biosocial Science 53 (3):356-366.
    Consanguineous marriage is a deeply rooted tradition in the Arab world. Such marriages are linked to higher rates of recessive genetic diseases. During the Syrian conflict, which started in 2011, around one million Syrian individuals became refugees in Lebanon. This study assessed the consanguinity rates among Syrian refugees living in Lebanon up to three successive consanguineous generations, and examined refugees’ awareness of the possible consequences of consanguineous marriage and their attitudes towards consanguinity. Their knowledge of, and access to, premarital screening (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  6.  3
    Gender, Sexual Experiences and Sexual Behavioural Differences in Turkish University Students.Feyza Nazik, Mehtap Omaç Sönmez & Mine Akben - 2021 - Journal of Biosocial Science 53 (3):471-480.
    This study was conducted to determine sexual experiences and gender differences in sexual behaviour in university students. In this cross-sectional and descriptive study conducted between 1st February and 12th November 2017. A total of 491 volunteer students were selected at a state university in the Mediterranean region of Turkey using a systematic sampling method. Questionnaires were distributed to the students in sealed envelopes and collected on completion. The data were collected using a socio-demographic form and a sexual experiences and sexual (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  7.  3
    Unnatural Death in India.Basant Kumar Panda & Udaya S. Mishra - 2021 - Journal of Biosocial Science 53 (3):367-378.
    Rising adult mortality is an essential feature of the mortality transition. Vulnerability to disease and infection decreases with age, and adult mortality is more likely to be from unnatural causes such as suicide, homicide and road traffic accidents. This study aimed to assess the patterns of unnatural deaths in India as a whole and for various population subgroups. Data were obtained from the fourth wave of the National Family Health Survey conducted in 2015–16 in 29 states and 7 union territories (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  8.  3
    Share of Current Unmet Need for Modern Contraceptive Methods Attributed to Past Users of These Methods in India.Ankita Shukla, Anrudh K. Jain, Rajib Acharya, F. Ram, Arupendra Mozumdar, Abhishek Kumar, Subrato Mondal & Niranjan Saggurti - 2021 - Journal of Biosocial Science 53 (3):407-418.
    Despite persistent efforts, unmet need for contraceptives in India has declined only slightly from 14% to 13% between 2005–06 and 2015–16. Many women using a family planning method discontinue it without switching to another method and continue to have unmet need. This study quantified the share of current unmet need for modern contraceptive methods attributed to past users of these methods in India. Data were drawn from two rounds of the National Family Health Survey conducted in 2005–06 and 2015–16. Using (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  9.  3
    Testing the Regional Convergence Hypothesis for the Progress in Health Status in India During 1980–2015.Mohammad Zahid Siddiqui, Srinivas Goli & Anu Rammohan - 2021 - Journal of Biosocial Science 53 (3):379-395.
    The key challenges of global health policy are not limited to improving average health status, with a need for greater focus on reducing regional inequalities in health outcomes. This study aimed to assess health inequalities across the major Indian states used data from the Sample Registration System, National Family Health Survey and other Indian government official statistics. Catching-up plots, absolute and conditional β-convergence models, sigma plots and Kernel Density plots were used to test the Convergence Hypothesis, Dispersion Measure of Mortality (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  10.  2
    What has Contributed to the Large Sex Differentials in Lifespan Variation and Life Expectancy in South Korea?Akansha Singh & Younga Kim - 2021 - Journal of Biosocial Science 53 (3):396-406.
    To date, research on sex differentials in lifespan variation and life expectancy has mainly been conducted in Western countries and there is a dearth of data from South Korea. This study aimed to further the understanding of mortality transition and life expectancy in South Korea, and the associated trajectories of age-at-death variation, through an analysis of life disparity by gender. Using complete life tables for South Korea for 1970–2015, sex differentials in life disparity and life expectancy at birth were estimated, (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  11.  3
    Association Between Age at Menarche and Age at Menopause Among Women of an Indigenous Population of North Bengal, India.Isita Sinha, Pushpalata Tigga, Nitish Mondal & Jaydip Sen - 2021 - Journal of Biosocial Science 53 (3):319-335.
    Menarche and menopause are two major components of a woman’s reproductive life. Ages at menarche and menopause vary widely between and within populations and are influenced by various factors, both genetic and environmental. The present community-based cross-sectional investigation aimed to assess the association between ages at menarche and natural menopause among women belonging to the indigenous Rajbanshi population of North Bengal, India. The investigation was carried out from January 2015 to May 2015 among 510 Rajbanshi women aged between 45 and (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  12.  1
    An Invincible Memory: What Surname Analysis Tells Us About History, Health and Population Medical Genetics in the Brazilian Northeast.Augusto César Cardoso-dos-Santos, Virginia Ramallo, Marcelo Zagonel-Oliveira, Maurício Roberto Veronez, Pablo Navarro, Isabella L. Monlleó, Victor Hugo Valiati, José Edgardo Dipierri & Lavinia Schuler-Faccini - 2021 - Journal of Biosocial Science 53 (2):183-198.
    Several studies have shown that the Brazilian Northeast is a region with high rates of inbreeding as well as a high incidence of autosomal recessive diseases. The elaboration of public health policies focused on the epidemiological surveillance of congenital anomalies and rare genetic diseases in this region is urgently needed. However, the vast territory, socio-demographic heterogeneity, economic difficulties and low number of professionals with expertise in medical genetics make strategic planning a challenging task. Surnames can be compared to a genetic (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  13.  2
    Culture and Domestic Violence Amongst Ever-Married Women in Malawi: An Analysis of Emotional, Sexual, Less-Severe Physical and Severe Physical Violence.Lana Clara Chikhungu, Tamsin Bradley, Monica Jamali & Ottis Mubaiwa - 2021 - Journal of Biosocial Science 53 (2):199-213.
    Nearly 42% of ever-married women in Malawi have experienced some form of physical, sexual or emotional violence perpetrated by their current or most recent spouse – higher than the global estimate of 35%. This study used national-level data for ever-married women aged 15–49 years from the 2015 Malawi Demographic and Health Survey to explore the association between cultural factors and the likelihood of women experiencing sexual, physical and emotional violence after controlling for socioeconomic factors using multilevel logistic regression modelling. Key (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  14.  1
    Does the Preference for Location of Childbirth Change for Successive Births? Evidence From the States and Regions of India.Bidyadhar Dehury & Mithlesh Chourase - 2021 - Journal of Biosocial Science 53 (2):266-289.
    Universal health coverage is central to the development agenda to achieve maternal and neonatal health goals. Although there is evidence of a growing preference for institutional births in India, it is important to understand the pattern of switching location of childbirth and the factors associated with it. This study used data from the fourth round of the National Family and Health Survey conducted in India in 2015–16. The study sample comprised 59,629 women who had had at least two births in (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  15.  1
    Increasing Role of Abstinence and Infecundity in Non-Use of Contraceptive Methods in India.Preeti Dhillon, Govind Singh, Faujdar Ram, Pradeep Kumar & Niranjan Saggurti - 2021 - Journal of Biosocial Science 53 (2):167-182.
    This paper assesses the reasons for non-use of contraceptive methods, and the possible complexity of reported data on women in India. The study used recent data from two successive rounds of the National Family Health Survey, which surveyed currently married women aged 15–49 years. The reporting on non-use of contraceptives and the changing pattern of the reasons for non-use were analysed, classified into fertility and other cited reasons. The self-reported reasons for non-use of contraception were verified with other related information (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  16.  6
    Religion and Fertility Patterns: Comparison of Life History Traits in Catholics and Protestants, Hallstatt (Austria) 1733–1908.Alina Gavrus-Ion, Torstein Sjøvold, Miguel Hernández, Rolando González-José, Neus Martínez-Abadías, María Esther Esteban Torné & Mireia Esparza - 2021 - Journal of Biosocial Science 53 (2):305-318.
    Catholicism and Protestantism have different ways of promoting the family unit that could influence survival and fertility at a population level. Parish records in the Austrian village of Hallstatt allowed the reconstruction of Catholic and Protestant genealogies over a period of 175 years to evaluate how religion and social changes affected reproduction and survival. Life history traits such as lifespan beyond 15 years, number of offspring, reproductive span, children born out of wedlock and child mortality were estimated in 5678 Catholic (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  17.  1
    Body Mass Index of Women in Bangladesh: Comparing Multiple Linear Regression and Quantile Regression.Sorif Hossain, Raaj Kishore Biswas & Md Amir Hossain - 2021 - Journal of Biosocial Science 53 (2):247-265.
    This study explored the association between socio-demographic factors and the body mass index of women of reproductive age in Bangladesh. Data from the 2014 Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey were analysed using Multiple Linear Regression and Quantile Regression analyses. The study sample comprised 15,636 non-pregnant women aged 15–49. The mean BMI of the women was 22.35±4.12 kg/m2. Over half had a BMI in the normal range, and 18.50%, 20.00% and 4.75% were underweight, overweight and obese, respectively. The results of the (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  18.  3
    Clustering of Hypertension, Diabetes and Overweight/Obesity According to Socioeconomic Status Among Bangladeshi Adults.Gulam Muhammed Al Kibria, Mohammad Rashidul Hashan, Md Mahbub Hossain, Sojib Bin Zaman & Christina A. Stennett - 2021 - Journal of Biosocial Science 53 (2):157-166.
    The prevalences of hypertension, diabetes and overweight/obesity are increasing in most developing countries, including Bangladesh. Although earlier studies have investigated the factors associated with these three conditions, little is known about whether socioeconomic status is associated with their co-existence. This cross-sectional study analysed data from the 2011 Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey. An individual was considered hypertensive, diabetic and overweight/obese if their systolic/diastolic blood pressure, fasting plasma glucose concentration, and body mass index were ≥130/80 mmHg, ≥7 mmol/l and ≥23 kg/m2, (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  19.  2
    Disability-Free Life Expectancy at Old Ages in Egypt.Soha Metwally - 2021 - Journal of Biosocial Science 53 (2):290-304.
    This study aimed to estimate among the older population in Egypt : 1) disability prevalence rates, their levels of severity and the common types and 2) disability-free life expectancy by sex, age and disability type. Data were from the nationally representative 2016 Household Observatory Survey, with 4658 persons aged 60+ constituting the study sample population. To identify individuals with disabilities, the HOS asked respondents a short set of questions on functional difficulties, as suggested by the United Nations Washington Group on (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  20.  3
    Nationally Representative Surveys Show Gradual Shifting of Overweight and Obesity Towards Poor and Less-Educated Women of Reproductive Age in Nepal.Ipsita Sutradhar, Tahmina Akter, Mehedi Hasan, Rajat Das Gupta, Hemraj Joshi, Mohammad Rifat Haider & Malabika Sarker - 2021 - Journal of Biosocial Science 53 (2):214-232.
    Overweight and obesity are considered major public health concerns all over the world. They have the potential to increase the risk of developing non-communicable diseases in reproductive age women, increasing their risk of pregnancy related complications and adverse birth outcome. This study was carried out to identify the trend of prevalence of overweight and obesity, along with their determinants, among reproductive age women in Nepal. Data were taken from the nationally representative 2006, 2011 and 2016 Nepal Demographic and Health Surveys. (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  21. Analysing the Seasonality of Births in Mainland China.Yuxiang Yang - 2021 - Journal of Biosocial Science 53 (2):233-246.
    The seasonality of human births varies in different countries and regions. Explanations for this variation have been divided into biological and behavioural factors. This paper documents birth seasonality in mainland China using data for a large sample from Chinaʼs Fifth National Population Census conducted in 2000. The main method used was the decomposition of monthly time series birth data into annual, seasonal and random trends. The results show large seasonal birth fluctuations, with a salient peak of October births. The study (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  22. Gender Inequality and Sexual Height Dimorphism in Chile.Héctor Castellucci, Carlos Viviani, Giorgio Boccardo, Pedro Arezes, Ángelo Bartsch, Marta Martínez, Verónica Aparici, Johan F. M. Molenbroek & Sara Bragança - 2021 - Journal of Biosocial Science 53 (1):38-54.
    Chile has experienced significant improvements in its economy; thus, a secular trend in height has been observed in its population. Gender equality has also improved hand in hand with active policies addressing the gender gap in several dimensions and overall economic improvement. This study examined changes in sexual height dimorphism in four samples of Chilean male and female working-age subjects and attempted to establish associations with gender equality and welfare. Sexual height dimorphism was calculated and compared with gender equality and (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  23. Women’s Socioeconomic Status and Choice of Birth Control Method: An Investigation for the Case of Turkey.Deniz Karaoğlan & Dürdane Şirin Saraçoğlu - 2021 - Journal of Biosocial Science 53 (1):137-156.
    This study investigated whether woman’s education, labour market status and the status within the household have any impact on their birth control behaviour in Turkey. Empirical analyses were implemented using the 2013 Demographic and Health Survey dataset, which includes information on women’s socioeconomic status and their current choice of contraceptives: whether they used any method, and if so, what method they used. Using a bivariate probit model with selection to control for any possible selection bias, the results suggest that whether (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  24. The Realization of Fertility Intentions in the Context of Childbearing Postponement: Comparison of Transitional and Post-Transitional Populations.Jiřina Kocourková & Anna Šťastná - 2021 - Journal of Biosocial Science 53 (1):82-97.
    Childbearing postponement is a key demographic change that has been experienced by most European countries. It leads to a late-fertility pattern, with women realizing their reproductive plans preferentially after the age of 30. This may result in a lower fertility level. Since the ideal family size has not changed in most European countries, it has been argued that the end of the postponement transition further depends on the extent to which the lower fertility of younger women is compensated for by (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  25. Household- and Community-Level Determinants of Low-Risk Caesarean Deliveries Among Women in India.Pradeep Kumar & Preeti Dhillon - 2021 - Journal of Biosocial Science 53 (1):55-70.
    Caesarean section delivery rates in India have doubled from 9% in 2005–06 to 17% in 2015–16, increasing the clinical and economic burden on the health care system. This study applied multilevel models to assess the role of household- and community-level factors in Caesarean section deliveries among low-risk women in India using data from Round 4 of the National Family Health Survey conducted in 2015–16. The sample size was 59,318 low-risk women who had their last birth in an institution during the (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  26. Relevance of Students’ Demographic Characteristics, Sources of Information and Personal Attitudes Towards HIV Testing for HIV Knowledge: Evidence From a Post-Conflict Setting.Marija Milic, Jelena Dotlic, Jasmina Stevanovic, Milan Parlic, Katarina Mitic, Desmond Nicholson, Aleksandra Arsovic & Tatjana Gazibara - 2021 - Journal of Biosocial Science 53 (1):1-19.
    Although studies on HIV knowledge have previously been conducted in central Serbia and southern Kosovo, none has included the Serbian population residing in the northern part of the Kosovo province. The aim of this study was to assess HIV-related knowledge and to estimate factors contributing to a higher HIV-related knowledge level among Serbian university students in the Kosovo province. A cross-sectional study including 1017 first- and fourth-year students enrolled at the University of Pristina temporarily seated in Kosovska Mitrovica was carried (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  27. Contraceptive Use in Eswatini: Do Contextual Influences Matter?Clifford Odimegwu & Garikayi B. Chemhaka - 2021 - Journal of Biosocial Science 53 (1):20-37.
    This study sought to investigate the determinants of current use of modern contraceptives beyond the individual level in Eswatini. Previous studies have overlooked the role of community characteristics such as socioeconomic development, women’s empowerment and fertility norms in shaping contraceptive use. Hierarchical structured subsample data of 4112 sexually experienced women from the 2007 Eswatini Demographic Health Survey were analysed using multilevel logistic regression to identify factors contributing to community/cluster variations in women’s current use of modern contraceptives. Less than half of (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  28. Body Structure, Muscular Strength and Living Conditions of Primary School Children in Warsaw.Anna Siniarska, Joanna Nieczuja-Dwojacka, Małgorzata Grochowska & Sławomir Kozieł - 2021 - Journal of Biosocial Science 53 (1):98-107.
    The aim of this study was to determine whether the living conditions of school children affects their body structure and muscular strength. Data were taken from 400 girls and 341 boys aged 7–15 years attending nine primary schools in Warsaw in 1997. A questionnaire was completed, anthropological measurements made and two muscular strength tests conducted. The questionnaire asked questions on the children’s level of education, their parents’ professions and monthly incomes, the number of persons in the family and the number (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  29.  1
    Does Use of Solid Fuels for Cooking Contribute to Childhood Stunting? A Longitudinal Data Analysis From Low- and Middle-Income Countries.Ashish Kumar Upadhyay, Swati Srivastava & Vinod Mishra - 2021 - Journal of Biosocial Science 53 (1):121-136.
    Using longitudinal data from the first and second waves of the Young Lives Study in Ethiopia, India, Peru and Vietnam, conducted in 2002 and 2006–07, and a repeated measures mixed model, this study examined the effect of the use of solid fuels for cooking on childhood stunting among children aged 5–76 months. The analysis showed that in all four populations, the average height-for-age z-score was much lower among children living in households using solid fuels than among children in households using (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  30.  1
    Prevalence and Clustering of Diarrhoea Within Households in India: Some Evidence From NFHS-4, 2015–16.Bevin Vijayan & Mala Ramanathan - 2021 - Journal of Biosocial Science 53 (1):108-120.
    Diarrhoeal disease is one of the major causes of morbidity and mortality in children and is usually measured at individual level. Shared household attributes, such as improved water supply and sanitation, expose those living in the same household to these same risk factors for diarrhoea. The occurrence of diarrhoea in two or more children in the same household is termed ‘diarrhoea clustering’. The aim of this study was to examine the role of improved water supply and sanitation in the occurrence (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  31. Time Trends in Mid-Upper-Arm Anthropometry From 1982 to 2011 in Male Children and Adolescents From Kolkata, India.Magdalena Żegleń, Łukasz Kryst, Parasmani Dasgupta, Rana Saha, Rituparna Das & Sukanta Das - 2021 - Journal of Biosocial Science 53 (1):71-81.
    The aim of this study was to investigate inter-generational changes in selected mid-upper-arm measurements of boys from Kolkata, India. The analysis was based on the anthropometric measurements of two cohorts of Bengali boys aged 7–16 from middle-class families, in 1982–83 and 2005–11. The two cohorts were compared in terms of their mid-upper-arm circumference and mid-upper-arm area, mid-upper-arm muscle area, mid-upper-arm fat area and Arm Fat Index. The significances of the differences were determined using two-way ANOVA. All features differed significantly between (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
 Previous issues
  
Next issues