Year:

  1. Characteristics of Men Who Engage in Cross-Generational Sexual Behaviour in Nigeria.Christiana A. Alex-Ojei, Nicole de Wet & Lorretta F. C. Ntoimo - 2020 - Journal of Biosocial Science 52 (5):719-733.
    Cross-generational sexual relationships are a major route of transmitting HIV and STI between older and younger generations. However, previous research has focused mainly on the young women in these relationships. This study examined the characteristics of men engaging in non-marital sexual relationships with girls aged 15–19 in Nigeria. The data were drawn from the 2013 Nigeria Demographic and Health Survey, and the analysis was restricted to a sub-sample of 7557 men aged 30–49 who were sexually active in the 12 months (...)
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  2.  2
    Linkage in Stunting Status of Siblings: A New Perspective on Childhood Undernutrition in India.Kajori Banerjee & Laxmi Kant Dwivedi - 2020 - Journal of Biosocial Science 52 (5):681-695.
    Almost 30% of the world’s stunted children reside in India. This study examined sibling linkage in childhood stunting by assessing the extent of clustering of stunted children born to the same mother. Data were taken from 225,002 children under the age of five from the Indian National Family and Health Survey -4 conducted in 2015–16. States with high fertility and lower socioeconomic development displayed higher clustering of childhood stunting among siblings. Simulating removal of this clustered burden showed an almost 10 (...)
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  3. Do Birds of a Feather Flock Together? Factors for Religious Heterogamy.Martin Fieder, Alexander Schahbasi & Susanne Huber - 2020 - Journal of Biosocial Science 52 (5):664-680.
    Social cohesion – particularly with regard to the integration of migrants – is primarily measured in terms of education, labour market participation, unemployment, income levels and poverty. When seen from a historical long-term perspective admixture merged members of diverse groups and forged – in addition to social ties – ‘strong biological ties’ of kinship, proposing that religious heterogamy is a long-term layer of social cohesion. Accordingly, this study investigated, on the basis of more than 600,000 men and women aged 26–35 (...)
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  4.  2
    Parental Education, Health Literacy and Children’s Adult Body Height.Ewa Jarosz & Alexi Gugushvili - 2020 - Journal of Biosocial Science 52 (5):696-718.
    Human anthropometric traits, while significantly determined by genetic factors, are also affected by an individual’s early life environment. An adult’s body height is a valid indicator of their living conditions in childhood. Parental education has been shown to be one of the key covariates of individuals’ health and height, both in childhood and adulthood. Parental functional literacy has been demonstrated to be another important determinant of child health, but this has largely been overlooked in studies on height. The objective of (...)
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  5.  1
    Has the Long-Predicted Decline in Consanguineous Marriage in India Occurred?Nutan Kumari, Alan H. Bittles & Prem Saxena - 2020 - Journal of Biosocial Science 52 (5):746-755.
    To an extent the question posed in the title of this paper can simply be answered in the affirmative. Based on the extensive data available from the National Family Health Survey-1 conducted in 1992–93 and NFHS-4 in 2015–16 there has been a significant overall decline of some 19% in the prevalence of consanguineous marriage in India. However, when examined at state level the picture is more complex, with large reductions in consanguinity in southern states where intra-familial marriage previously has been (...)
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  6.  2
    Prevalence and Pattern of Consanguineous Marriage Among Educated Married Individuals in Riyadh.Samira M. Mahboub, Alanoud A. Alsaqabi, Noura A. Allwimi, Dana N. Aleissa & Basmah A. Al-Mubarak - 2020 - Journal of Biosocial Science 52 (5):768-775.
    Consanguineous marriage is preferred in many countries, especially by Muslims. Despite the increasing education rate in Saudi Arabia, the prevalence of consanguineous marriage does not seem to be decreasing as quickly as expected. The present study aimed to investigate the current prevalence of consanguineous marriage among educated married adults in Riyadh and to determine the factors favouring it. The cross-sectional study was conducted in 2017–18 using an online questionnaire. A total of 550 questionnaires were sent to married adults of both (...)
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  7.  3
    Examining the Link Between Religiousness and Fitness in a Behavioural Ecological Framework.Janko Međedović - 2020 - Journal of Biosocial Science 52 (5):756-767.
    In recent years there have been attempts to explain religiousness from an evolutionary viewpoint. However, empirical data on this topic are still lacking. In the present study, the behavioural ecological theoretical framework was used to explore the relations between religiousness, harsh environment, fitness and fitness-related outcomes. The data were collected from 461 individuals from a community sample who were near the end of their reproductive phase. Positive links between religiousness, harsh environment, fitness and fitness-related outcomes were expected, with the exception (...)
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  8.  2
    Socioeconomic and Demographic Predictors of High Blood Pressure, Diabetes, Asthma and Heart Disease Among Adults Engaged in Various Occupations: Evidence From India.Sunita Patel, Usha Ram, Faujdar Ram & Surendra Kumar Patel - 2020 - Journal of Biosocial Science 52 (5):629-649.
    In India, non-communicable diseases accounted for nearly 62% of all deaths in 2016. Four NCDs – high blood pressure, diabetes, asthma and heart disease – together accounted for over 34% of these deaths. Using data from two rounds of the India Human Development Surveys, levels and changes in the prevalence rates of the four NCDs among adults aged 15–69 years in India between 2004–05 and 2011–12 were examined by socioeconomic and demographic factors and for five broad occupation categories. The socioeconomic (...)
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  9. Reproductive Efficiency in the Developing World.John Ross & Anrudh K. Jain - 2020 - Journal of Biosocial Science 52 (5):776-784.
    This study proposes a measure of reproductive losses starting from conception to age 15 as an assessment of childbearing ‘efficiency’. It is suggested that losses are due to miscarriages, abortions, stillbirths and deaths to age 15. Data were drawn from various sources for seven regions embracing 129 developing countries. Mortality is an important loss in severely disadvantaged regions, especially in sub-Saharan Africa, but the abortion rates are lower there. This is reversed in the more advanced regions, where mortality is low (...)
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  10.  2
    Educational Level and its Relationship with Body Height and Popliteal Height in Chilean Male Workers.Carlos Viviani, Héctor Ignacio Castellucci, Pedro Arezes, Ángelo Bartsch, Sara Bragança, Johan F. M. Molenbroek, Marta Martínez & Verónica Aparici - 2020 - Journal of Biosocial Science 52 (5):734-745.
    A secular trend in body height has been experienced in many nations and populations, hypothesized to be the result of better living conditions. Educational level has been shown to be closely associated with body height. This study examined the changes in body height and popliteal height in a group of adult Chilean male workers by age cohort and the relationship of these with educational level. The body heights and popliteal heights of 1404 male workers from the Valparaíso and Metropolitan regions (...)
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  11.  2
    Abortion Among Married Young Women: Findings From a Community-Based Study in Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh, India.A. J. Francis Zavier, K. G. Santhya & Shireen J. Jejeebhoy - 2020 - Journal of Biosocial Science 52 (5):650-663.
    Abortion service provision has changed noticeably in the recent past and medication abortion currently accounts for four-fifths of all induced abortions taking place in India. How these changes have modified abortion experiences among young women – a group known to be more disadvantaged than adult women – remains unanswered. This paper fills this gap and examines the experiences of married young abortion seekers, including pre-abortion decision-making, abortion seeking and experiences of the procedure, and post-abortion complications. Data were drawn from a (...)
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  12.  3
    Partner Faithfulness and Sexual Reproductive Health Practices in Botswana: Does Perception of Partner Infidelity Influence Sexual Risk Behaviours of People Aged 10–34 Years? [REVIEW]Motsholathebe Bowelo, Serai Daniel Rakgoasi & Mpho Keetile - 2020 - Journal of Biosocial Science 52 (4):547-559.
    The main aim of this study was to test whether perception of partner infidelity prompts people to adopt behaviour that is meant to compensate for the increased risk of infection posed by their partner’s infidelity; or whether it prompts people to engage in behaviour that magnifies the risk associated with partner infidelity. Data used were derived from the fourth and latest Botswana AIDS Impact Survey conducted in 2013. The sample consisted of 6985 people aged 10–34 years. Logistic regression analysis was (...)
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  13.  3
    Height Inequality and Socioeconomic Implications in Korea: Analysis of Individuals Born Between 1890 and 1919.Seong-jin Choi - 2020 - Journal of Biosocial Science 52 (4):504-513.
    This study examined height inequality as an indicator of income inequality during the colonial period in Korea. Data were taken from a sample of 1796 male prisoners from a wide range of geographical locations and with varied socioeconomic backgrounds. Height inequality was measured using the coefficient of variation of height for each birth decade. The results indicated that height inequality, as measured by the CV, increased slightly from 3.32 to 3.35 for the birth decades 1890–99 and 1900–09, then jumped to (...)
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  14.  3
    Contraceptive Use and its Effect on Indian Women’s Empowerment: Evidence From the National Family Health Survey-4.Biplab Dhak, Niranjan Saggurti & Faujdar Ram - 2020 - Journal of Biosocial Science 52 (4):523-533.
    The positive effect of women’s empowerment on the use of contraceptives is well established. However, the reverse effect, i.e. the potential effect of use of contraceptives on women’s empowerment, is relatively unexplored. This study examined the direct impact of contraceptive use on women’s empowerment in currently married women aged 15–49 years in India using data from the National Family Health Survey-4 conducted in 2015–16. A two-stage least squares regression model was used to account for the issue of endogeneity that appears (...)
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  15.  2
    Voluntary Medical Male Circumcision and HIV in Zambia: Expectations and Observations.Michel Garenne & Alan Matthews - 2020 - Journal of Biosocial Science 52 (4):560-572.
    The study analysed the HIV/AIDS situation in Zambia six years after the onset of mass campaigns of Voluntary Medical Male Circumcision. The analysis was based on data from Demographic and Health Surveys conducted in 2001, 2007 and 2013. Results show that HIV prevalence among men aged 15–29 did not decrease over the period, despite a decline in HIV prevalence among women of the same age group. Correlations between male circumcision and HIV prevalence were positive for a variety of socioeconomic groups. (...)
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  16.  1
    Challenges to Achieving Appropriate and Equitable Access to Caesarean Section: Ethnographic Insights From Rural Pakistan.Zubia Mumtaz, Afshan Bhatti & Sarah Salway - 2020 - Journal of Biosocial Science 52 (4):491-503.
    Access to Caesarean section remains inadequate for some groups of women while others have worryingly high rates. Understanding differential receipt demands exploration of the socio-cultural, and political economic, characteristics of the health systems that produce them. This extensive institutional ethnography investigated under- and over-receipt of C-section in two rural districts in Pakistan – Jhelum and Layyah. Data were collected between November and July 2013 using semi-structured interviews from a randomly selected sample of 11 physicians, 38 community midwives, 18 Lady Health (...)
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  17.  1
    Marriage Patterns in Sri Lanka and the Prevalence of Parental Consanguinity in Patients with Β-Thalassaemia: A Cross-Sectional Descriptive Analysis.Anuja P. Premawardhena, Shamila T. De Silva, M. D. Dilith C. Goonatilleke, Dileepa S. Ediriweera, Sachith Mettananda, B. K. Rexan P. Rodrigo, Angela Allen & David J. Weatherall - 2020 - Journal of Biosocial Science 52 (4):573-584.
    Consanguineous marriages potentially play an important role in the transmission of β-thalassaemia in many communities. This study aimed to determine the rate and socio-demographic associations of consanguineous marriages and to assess the influence on the prevalence of β-thalassaemia in Sri Lanka. Three marriage registrars from each district of Sri Lanka were randomly selected to prospectively collect data on all couples who registered their marriage during a 6-month period starting 1st July 2009. Separately, the parents of patients with β-thalassaemia were interviewed (...)
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  18. Prevalence of Undernutrition in Bangladeshi Children.Md Sazedur Rahman, Md Ashfikur Rahman, Md Maniruzzaman & Md Hasan Howlader - 2020 - Journal of Biosocial Science 52 (4):596-609.
    Child undernutrition is a major public health problem throughout the world, particularly in developing countries. The main objective of this study was to identify the risk factors for acute undernutrition among under-5 children in Bangladesh. Data were taken from the nationally representative Bangladesh Demographic Health and Survey conducted in 2014. The study sample comprised 7131 under-5 children. Of these, 4.6% were found to be severely wasted, 11.1% moderately wasted and 84.3% adequately nourished. Chi-squared analysis was used to investigate the association (...)
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  19.  5
    Pattern and Determinant Factors of Birth Intervals Among Iranian Women: A Semi-Parametric Multilevel Survival Model.Maryam Seyedtabib, Abbas Moghimbeigi, Mahmood Mahmoudi, Reza Majdzadeh & Hossein Mahjub - 2020 - Journal of Biosocial Science 52 (4):534-546.
    The interval between successive pregnancies is one of the main indexes used to evaluate the health of a mother and her child. This study evaluated birth intervals in Iran using data from the Iranian Multiple Indicators Demographic and Health Survey conducted in 2010–2011. A total of 20,093 married Iranian women aged 15–54 years from the whole country constituted the study sample. Based on the nature of sampling and the unobserved population heterogeneity for birth intervals in each city and province, a (...)
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  20.  3
    Evidence of ‘Obstetric Violence’ in India: An Integrative Review.Surbhi Shrivastava & Muthusamy Sivakami - 2020 - Journal of Biosocial Science 52 (4):610-628.
    The term ‘obstetric violence’ has been used to describe the mistreatment, disrespect and abuse or dehumanized care of women during childbirth by health care providers. This is a review of the existing literature in India on violence against women during childbirth. The review used the typology of Bohren et al.. An internet search of PubMed, Google Scholar and JSTOR was conducted using the terms ‘obstetric violence’, ‘mistreatment’, ‘disrespect and abuse’ and ‘dehumanized care’. Studies based on empirical research on women’s experiences (...)
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  21.  1
    Determinants of Diabetes in Bangladesh Using Two Approaches: An Analysis of the Demographic and Health Survey 2011.Krystal K. Swasey, Rajat Das Gupta, Jannatun Nayeem & Gulam Muhammed Al Kibria - 2020 - Journal of Biosocial Science 52 (4):585-595.
    This cross-sectional study analysed data from the Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey 2011 to investigate factors associated with diabetes in Bangladesh. Data were analysed using logistic and log-binomial regressions to estimate odds ratios and prevalence ratios, respectively. Among the 7544 respondents aged ≥35 years, the estimated prevalence of diabetes was 11.0%. In the adjusted analysis, survey participants in the age group 55–64 years : 1.4, 2.2; adjusted OR [AOR]: 1.9, 95% CI: 1.5, 2.5) and those with at least secondary education (...)
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  22.  2
    Determinants of Antenatal HIV Testing in the Opt-Out Approach in Nigeria: Findings From the Nigerian Demographic and Health Survey.Ekerette Emmanuel Udoh & Boniface Ayanbekongshie Ushie - 2020 - Journal of Biosocial Science 52 (4):473-490.
    Children in Nigeria are frequently born with HIV, despite available services to prevent mother-to-child transmission. Not offering, or non-acceptance of, HIV testing during antenatal care delays anti-retroviral commencement for infected women, thereby increasing the risk of MTCT. This study assessed the determinants of HIV testing during antenatal care in Nigeria using nationally representative data from the 2013 Nigerian Demographic Health Survey. This study included 13,352 women aged 15–49 years who reported having at least one antenatal visit. The outcome variables were (...)
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  23.  3
    Association Between the Total Fertility Rate and Under-Five Child Sex Ratio in India: A Panel Study Among Districts of the Major States.Ajit Kumar Yadav, Akansha Singh & Faujdar Ram - 2020 - Journal of Biosocial Science 52 (4):514-522.
    This study examined the relationship between the total fertility rate and under-five child sex ratio to understand the role of fertility in the phenomenon of missing girls in India. Using data from the last four decennial censuses for the fifteen major states of India and their districts, covering more than 90% of the population of India, the study showed that there was a major decline in the female to male child sex ratio from 1981 to 2011 in most of the (...)
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  24.  1
    Correlates of Mistimed and Unwanted Pregnancy Among Women in the Democratic Republic of Congo.Tara Ballav Adhikari, Pawan Acharya, Anupa Rijal, Mala Ali Mapatano & Arja R. Aro - 2020 - Journal of Biosocial Science 52 (3):382-399.
    Unwanted and mistimed pregnancies impose threats on the health and well-being of the mother and child and limit the acquisition of optimal sexual and reproductive health services, especially in resource-constrained settings like the Democratic Republic of Congo. This study aimed to determine the prevalence and correlates of mistimed and unwanted pregnancies among women in the DRC. Data were drawn from the 2013–14 DRC Demographic Health Survey. Bivariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis was performed to identify correlates of mistimed and unwanted (...)
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  25.  3
    Intimate Partner Abuse Among Couples During Pregnancy and its Predictors as Reported by Pregnant Women Visiting Governmental Health Care Centres in Tabriz, Iran.Ellahe Bahrami-Vazir, Sakineh Mohammad-Alizadeh-Charandabi, Fatemeh Ghelichkhani, Azam Mohammadi & Mojgan Mirghafourvand - 2020 - Journal of Biosocial Science 52 (3):400-411.
    Little is known about intimate partner abuse among couples during pregnancy in Iran. This study aimed to compare the rates of IPA by pregnant women towards their husbands, and women’s experience of IPA from their husbands and determine the predictors of the two behaviours. The cross-sectional study was conducted on 525 pregnant women at 24–30 weeks of gestation visiting governmental health care centres/posts in Tabriz, Iran, in 2014. The study sample was selected using random cluster sampling. The Revised Conflict Tactics (...)
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  26.  4
    Gender Differences in Hypertension Awareness, Antihypertensive Use and Blood Pressure Control in Nepalese Adults: Findings From a Nationwide Cross-Sectional Survey.Rajat Das Gupta, Shams Shabab Haider, Ipsita Sutradhar, Mehedi Hasan, Hemraj Joshi, Mohammad Rifat Haider & Malabika Sarker - 2020 - Journal of Biosocial Science 52 (3):412-438.
    The objective of this cross-sectional study was to determine the gender differences in hypertension awareness, antihypertensive use and blood pressure control among the adult Nepalese population using data from the nationally representative Nepal Demographic and Health Survey 2016. A weighted sample of 13,393 adults was included in the final analysis. After conducting descriptive analyses with the selective explanatory variable, multivariable logistic regression analysis was performed to assess the association between the outcome variable and the explanatory variables. The strength of the (...)
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  27.  2
    The Effect of Child Death on Birth Spacing in Nigeria.Jude Ewemade, Joshua Akinyemi & Nicole DeWet - 2020 - Journal of Biosocial Science 52 (3):330-337.
    Studies have focused on the effect of short birth spacing on childhood mortality, yet very little attention has been paid to the possibility of an inverse relationship such that child mortality might also positively or negatively affect birth spacing. In Nigeria, where both fertility and child mortality are high, this inverse relationship is a possible reason for the country’s high fertility. The objective of this study was to examine the effect of child death on time to birth of the next (...)
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  28.  1
    Supported Motherhood? An Examination of the Cultural Context of Male Participation in Maternal Health Care Among Tribal Communities in India.Suresh Jungari & Balram Paswan - 2020 - Journal of Biosocial Science 52 (3):452-471.
    In many cultural settings worldwide, within families, men tend to be responsible for important choices relating to the allocation of household resources and care-seeking behaviour that directly impact on the health of women and newborns. This study examines the extent of male participation in antenatal care, delivery, postnatal care, household chores and providing food to wives among tribal communities in India. In addition, health care providers’ views on male participation in maternal health were examined. Primary data were collected from 385 (...)
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  29.  1
    HIV Voluntary Counselling and Testing and Behaviour Changes Among Youths in Nigeria.Clifford O. Odimegwu, Chukwuechefulam K. Imo & Emmanuel O. Amoo - 2020 - Journal of Biosocial Science 52 (3):366-381.
    Voluntary counselling and testing for HIV has been promoted as a strategy to prevent HIV pandemics by changing sexual behaviour. Despite the provision of VCT in countries with generalized or high-burden epidemics, including Nigeria, the extent of its influence on behavioural change remains a conjecture. The main objective of this study was to examine the influence of HIV VCT on sexual behaviour changes among youths in Nigeria. The study utilized 2013 Nigeria Demographic and Health Survey data. Data were analysed from (...)
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  30.  11
    Do Indian Women Receive Adequate Information About Contraception?Md Juel Rana & Anrudh K. Jain - 2020 - Journal of Biosocial Science 52 (3):338-352.
    This study analysed the recent changes and patterns of information received about contraceptive methods by contraceptive users in India – an important indicator of quality of care in family planning services. Data were taken from the third and fourth rounds of National Family and Health Surveys conducted in India during 2005–06 and 2015–16. The Method Information Index was used to capture the information received by respondents on three aspects of contraceptive method use: information about the side-effects of the method, what (...)
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  31.  1
    Abortion Care Seeking in India: Patterns and Predictors.Palak Sharma & Manas Ranjan Pradhan - 2020 - Journal of Biosocial Science 52 (3):353-365.
    Unsafe abortions remain a considerable public health problem and continue to be a leading cause of maternal morbidity and mortality throughout the world. This study assessed whether women’s choice of type of health care facility for abortion in India varied by their socio-demographic and economic characteristics, and aimed to determine the significant predictors of choice of health care facility. Data were taken from the 2015–16 Indian National Family and Health Survey. The study sample included women aged 15–49 years, irrespective of (...)
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  32.  1
    Socioeconomic Determinants of Community Knowledge and Practice in Relation to Malaria in High- and Low-Transmission Areas of Central India.Mrigendra Pal Singh, Kalyan Brata Saha, Sunil Kumar Chand & Deepali Savargaonkar - 2020 - Journal of Biosocial Science 52 (3):317-329.
    This study was undertaken with an aim of exploring community knowledge and treatment practices related to malaria and their determinants in high- and low-transmission areas of central India. A community-based cross-sectional study was carried out between August 2015 and January 2016 in two high- and two low-malaria-endemic districts of central India. A total of 1470 respondents were interviewed using a pre-tested structured interview schedule. Respondents residing in high-transmission areas with higher literacy levels, and of higher socioeconomic status, were found to (...)
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  33.  3
    New Evidence on the Impact of the Quality of Prenatal Care on Neonatal and Infant Mortality in India.Ashish Kumar Upadhyay, Abhishek Singh & Swati Srivastava - 2020 - Journal of Biosocial Science 52 (3):439-451.
    Evidence on the impact of the quality of prenatal care on childhood mortality is limited in developing countries, including India. Therefore, using nationally representative data from the latest round of the National Family Health Survey, this study examined the impact of the quality of prenatal care on neonatal and infant mortality in India using a multivariable binary logistic regression model. The effect of the essential components of prenatal care services on neonatal and infant mortality were also investigated. The results indicate (...)
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  34.  7
    Prevalence of Anaemia Among 6- to 59-Month-Old Children in India: The Latest Picture Through the NFHS-4.Susmita Bharati, Manoranjan Pal & Premananda Bharati - 2020 - Journal of Biosocial Science 52 (1):97-107.
    India is the highest contributor to child anaemia among developing countries. To see the latest picture of child anaemia in India, data for 6- to 59-month-old children were taken from the fourth round of the National Family Health Survey conducted in 2015–16. The study sample consisted of 1,37,347 children. The dependent variable was the anaemia status of the child. The objectives of the study were to assess the distribution of anaemia prevalence by child age group, the prevalence of child anaemia (...)
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  35.  7
    Rural–Urban Differentials in Fertility Levels and Fertility Preferences in West Bengal, India: A District-Level Analysis.Sayantani Chatterjee - 2020 - Journal of Biosocial Science 52 (1):117-131.
    Fertility in West Bengal is one of the lowest in India, and this relies heavily on the use of traditional methods of contraception. Social scientists and demographers have pointed to the historical role of the diffusion process of adhering to a small family size. The Total Fertility Rate in Kolkata district, the state capital, is the lowest in the country, and has been a centre of low fertility historically. However, stark differences in rural–urban fertility rates have existed over the last (...)
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  36.  1
    What has Contributed to Improvements in the Child Sex Ratio in Select Districts of India? A Decomposition of the Sex Ratio at Birth and Child Mortality.Nadia Diamond-Smith, Nandita Saikia, David Bishai & Vladimir Canudas-Romo - 2020 - Journal of Biosocial Science 52 (1):27-36.
    Despite an overall downward trend in child sex ratios in India, some of the most imbalanced districts in 2001 showed signs of becoming more balanced in 2011. This analysis looked in depth at these districts to better understand the nature of the improvement in the child sex ratio using two rounds of data from the Census of India from 2001 and 2011. Data were used from the 153 districts that showed improvement in their child sex ratio between 2001 and 2011. (...)
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  37.  3
    Age Heaping Among Adults in Nigeria: Evidence From the Nigeria Demographic and Health Surveys 2003–2013.Olufunke Fayehun, Anthony I. Ajayi, Chinwe Onuegbu & Daniel Egerson - 2020 - Journal of Biosocial Science 52 (1):132-139.
    Age, as a variable, represents a critical basis for demographic classification; thus, its misrepresentations or misreporting alter the accuracy of demographic estimates. This paper examines the extent and pattern of age heaping in the age data for adults, collected in the Nigerian Demographic Health Survey. The study used the NDHS data for 2003, 2008, and 2013 to compute a Whipple’s and Meyers’ blended index for each survey year, by gender, geopolitical zones, states and place of residence. The analysis shows that (...)
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  38.  13
    Association Between Number of Sexual Partners and Utilization of Family Planning and Sexually Transmitted Infection Services by Men Aged 15–44 in the United States. [REVIEW]Mian B. Hossain, Yvonne Bronner, Ifeyinwa Udo & Sabriya Dennis - 2020 - Journal of Biosocial Science 52 (1):14-26.
    Unintended pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections pose a huge public health problem in the United States. Efforts towards reducing unintended pregnancies have previously focused on women, but the role of men in family planning and preventing unwanted pregnancy is becoming clearer. The primary objective of the study was to fully examine the utilization of family planning services by men in the US, and to determine whether factors such as race, health insurance type and number of sexual partners influenced their utilization (...)
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  39. Biological, Environmental and Socioeconomic Determinants of the Human Birth Sex Ratio in the Czech Republic.Petr Houdek, Ondřej Dvouletý & Marek Pažitka - 2020 - Journal of Biosocial Science 52 (1):37-56.
    The Trivers–Willard Hypothesis states that parents in good conditions bias the sex ratio towards sons and parents in poor conditions bias the sex ratio towards daughters. This study used data from a large nationwide population dataset from the Czech Republic – a modern contemporary society. The study included air pollution and property prices in the TWH estimation, and had a more detailed focus on stillbirths than previous studies. Using official natality microdata from the Czech Statistical Office for years between 1992 (...)
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  40.  7
    The Recent Increase in Contraceptive Discontinuation in Egypt.Mona Khalifa, Wafaa Abdelaziz, Soha Metwally & Ehab Sakr - 2020 - Journal of Biosocial Science 52 (1):154-157.
    This study sought to establish whether recent changes in discontinuation of contractive use and switching in Egypt can be considered an important cause of the unexpected increase in overall fertility and slight fall in contraceptive prevalence in the country. The analysis was based on calendar data from the 2008 and 2014 Egyptian DHS. Single/multiple decrement life tables were built to calculate contraceptive discontinuation rates and examine these by reasons for discontinuation focusing on three methods: IUDs, pills and injectables. The unit (...)
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  41.  12
    The Association of Health Care Access and Utilization with Self-Perceived Health in South Korea: The Significance of Age.Sang-Mi Park & Seok-Pyo Hong - 2020 - Journal of Biosocial Science 52 (1):1-13.
    Even though South Korea’s universal health care system was established in 1989, many South Koreans continue to encounter obstacles in their attempts to access health care. Previous studies have not investigated the relationship between health care access and utilization and perceived health in the context of a universal health care system that implements a mandatory social health insurance policy. The objective of this study was to evaluate the influence of health care access and use of preventive health care services on (...)
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  42.  3
    Childlessness and Union Histories: Evidence From Finnish Population Register Data.Jan Saarela & Vegard Skirbekk - 2020 - Journal of Biosocial Science 52 (1):78-96.
    From an evolutionary perspective, childlessness may be considered a failure, as it implies that there will be no direct transmission of one’s genetic material to later generations. It is also a pressing social issue, because in many contemporary advanced societies, levels of childlessness have increased, and particularly so among men. The absence of a partner is naturally a fundamental determinant of childlessness. Empirical evidence on how childlessness relates to individuals’ partnership histories is nevertheless limited. This issue was analysed with Finnish (...)
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  43.  8
    Do Fuel Type and Place of Cooking Matter for Acute Respiratory Infection Among Afghan Children? Evidence From the Afghanistan DHS 2015.Rayhan Sk, Mohammad Hafiz Rasooly & Somdutta Barua - 2020 - Journal of Biosocial Science 52 (1):140-153.
    In Afghanistan, acute respiratory infection is a leading cause of under-five mortality. Previous studies on the effects of cooking fuel on ARI have only looked at the types of cooking fuel, and not the effects of the location of the cooking place. The present study aimed to assess the effects of fuel type and place of cooking on the prevalence of ARI among under-five children in Afghanistan. Descriptive statistics and multilevel logistic regression analysis were performed for 31,063 children using data (...)
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  44. Maternal Education and the Multidimensionality of Child Health Outcomes in India.Kriti Vikram & Reeve Vanneman - 2020 - Journal of Biosocial Science 52 (1):57-77.
    Maternal education plays a central role in children’s health, but there has been little research comparing the role of maternal education across health outcomes. It is important to distinguish child health outcomes from medical care outcomes. Health outcomes such as short-term morbidity and stunting are multifactorial in origin and determined by a range of factors not necessarily under a mother’s control. Mother’s education, given the necessary structural factors such as medical centres, is likely to lead to increased access to, and (...)
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    Early Menarche and its Relationship to Paternal Migrant Work Among Middle-School-Aged Students in China.Bingzheng Zhang, Ting Yu, Qiuxing Chen, Kaye Wellings, Theresa M. Oniffrey, Junrui Ma, Limin Huang, Suiqiong Fan, Lu Ma, Rui Li & Yuliang Zou - 2020 - Journal of Biosocial Science 52 (1):108-116.
    Associations have been shown between father’s absence and menarcheal age, but most studies have focused on absence resulting from divorce, abandonment or death. Little research has been conducted to evaluate the effect on menarcheal age of paternal absence through migrant work. In a sample of 400 middle school students, this study examined the association between paternal migrant work and menarcheal age against a backdrop of extensive rural-to-urban migration in China. Data were collected through a self-reported questionnaire, including social-demographic characteristics, aspects (...)
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