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  1.  5
    Love Thy Neighbor: The Expansive Command.Steven Bishop - 2020 - Socio-Historical Examination of Religion and Ministry 2 (2):143-155.
    John Hartung asserted in “Love Thy Neighbor: The Evolution of In-Group Morality” that the command to love, and the later use of it by Jesus, does not apply to everyone but only to those within one’s own group. Through a close reading of Leviticus and the Gospel of Matthew, this essay questions Hartung’s hermeneutic and assesses his conclusion as erroneous. By interrogating the world of the text using a literary method, this essay argues for an appreciation of the complexity of (...)
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  2.  23
    On Behalf of Resurrection: A Second Reply to Cavin and Colombetti.Stephen T. Davis - 2020 - Socio-Historical Examination of Religion and Ministry 2 (2):13-24.
    This essay is a reply to “The Implausibility and Low Explanatory Power of the Resurrection Hypothesis—With a Rejoinder to Stephen T. Davis” by Robert Greg Cavin and Carlos Colombetti. In it, I establish what natural laws are, what a miracle is, and how “naturalism” and “supernaturalism” differ as worldviews. Cavin and Colombetti argue that if the Standard Model of particle physics is true, then the resurrection of Jesus did not occur and physical things can only causally interact with other physical (...)
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  3.  7
    Atheism is Global Atheism.Jack David Eller - 2020 - Socio-Historical Examination of Religion and Ministry 2 (2):66-86.
    Accepting Diller’s challenge to justify “global atheism,” despite its supposed crushing burden of knowledge, this paper argues that the global atheist bears no extraordinary burden. In fact, all atheism is global atheism, as an atheist lacks any and all god-beliefs; while a local theist, who accepts one of the myriad god-beliefs over all others, has a special burden to account for that choice. Surveying the diversity of god-concepts across religions and how atheists dismiss and discard them, this paper provides an (...)
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  4.  2
    Between the Devil and the Deep Blue Sea? Re-Examining Christian Engagement with Ba’Athism in Syria and Iraq.Louis Elton - 2020 - Socio-Historical Examination of Religion and Ministry 2 (2):88-110.
    This article re-examines the dominant scholarly perception that Christian support for Arab Nationalist regimes is primarily a product of fear of Islamism. After a brief examination of the Christian origins of Ba’athism—a form of Arab Nationalism—the author argues that a more granular understanding of the current Christian politics of Syria and Iraq reveals that while some Christians have supported regimes out of fear, there is also significant strain of active, positive support, though to what extent this is a product of (...)
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  5.  4
    Book Review: Judaism and Jesus, by Zev Garber and Kenneth Hanson. [REVIEW]Eugene J. Fisher - 2020 - Socio-Historical Examination of Religion and Ministry 2 (2):173-187.
    The authors show the Jewishness of Jesus and his teachings. They delve into what unites and what distinguishes Judaism and Christianity, especially in the Jewish liturgical practices that the early Christians, who were mainly Jews, took from their ancient traditions and modified to establish the liturgies that Christians practice today. They call, rightly, for dialogue between all Christians and all Jews, having established how much we can learn about ourselves by learning from the other.
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  6.  6
    "From Every Tribe and Tongue and People and Nation": The All-Inclusive Group.David G. Hellwig - 2020 - Socio-Historical Examination of Religion and Ministry 2 (2):157-171.
    This article seeks to take a position different from John Hartung’s position in his article entitled, “Love Thy Neighbor: The Evolution of In-Group Morality.” His article was originally written in two separate issues in Skeptic in 1995 and 1996. Hartung takes the position that in-group morality exists so that religious groups can compete against other groups, even overcoming them through violence and subordination. The position of this present article seeks to show that Hartung’s premise falls short through examination of presuppositions, (...)
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  7.  4
    The Curse of Ham: Biblical Justification for Racial Inequality?Charles David Isbell - 2020 - Socio-Historical Examination of Religion and Ministry 2 (2):1-11.
    The story of the drunkenness of Noah that caused him to remove his clothing and thus provided the opportunity for his son, Ham, to “see” him, has never received an interpretation that has been unanimously adopted by interpreters over the centuries. By examining the concept of “nakedness” as it functions in biblical legislation, this article argues that the most plausible understanding of the passage is that Ham committed incest with the wife of his father, Noah. Concomitantly, it becomes clear that (...)
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  8. Hermeneutic Applications From the Patristic Exegetes.James D. Johansen - 2020 - Socio-Historical Examination of Religion and Ministry 2 (2):112-141.
    This paper examines modern hermeneutic approaches and how patristic exegetes can complement interpretative methods. Modern hermeneutics apply different procedures depending on the genre. Kannengiesser’s Handbook of Patristic Exegesis is used to summarize patristic views by specific book and genre, while Russell’s Playing with Fire, Klein, Blomberg and Hubbard’s Introduction to Biblical Interpretation, and Kaiser and Silva’s, Introduction to Biblical Hermeneutics frame the range of modern hermeneutic approaches. Perspectives on spiritual formation are addressed per genre since it is important for biblical (...)
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  9.  11
    Why Religious Experience Cannot Justify Religious Belief.David Kyle Johnson - 2020 - Socio-Historical Examination of Religion and Ministry 2 (2):26-46.
    Theists often claim that neither the diversity of religious experience nor natural explanations for religious experience can threaten the ability of religious experience to justify religious belief. Contrarily, this paper argues that not only do they pose such a threat, but religious experience and natural explanations for them completely undermine the epistemic justificatory power of religious experience. To establish this, the author first defines the supposed role of religious experience in justifying religious belief. Then the author shows how the diversity (...)
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  10.  1
    The Influence of Humanism on the Main Magisterial Reformers.John F. Lingelbach - 2020 - Socio-Historical Examination of Religion and Ministry 2 (2):48-64.
    In light of the wide acknowledgement that humanism influenced the Protestant Reformation, one must ask the question about how much of what Protestantism maintains owes a debt to this modern ideology often juxtaposed in contrast to Christianity. Given the remarkable role of such a controversial ideology during a seminal period of the modern church, this study seeks an answer to the following question: how did the humanism movement of the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries impact the lives and work of the (...)
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  11. The Implausibility and Low Explanatory Power of the Resurrection Hypothesis—With a Rejoinder to Stephen T. Davis.Robert Greg Cavin & Carlos A. Colombetti - 2020 - Socio-Historical Examination of Religion and Ministry 2 (1):37-94.
    We respond to Stephen T. Davis’ criticism of our earlier essay, “Assessing the Resurrection Hypothesis.” We argue that the Standard Model of physics is relevant and decisive in establishing the implausibility and low explanatory power of the Resurrection hypothesis. We also argue that the laws of physics have entailments regarding God and the supernatural and, against Alvin Plantinga, that these same laws lack the proviso “no agent supernaturally interferes.” Finally, we offer Bayesian arguments for the Legend hypothesis and against the (...)
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  12. Craig on the Resurrection: A Defense.Stephen T. Davis - 2020 - Socio-Historical Examination of Religion and Ministry 2 (1):28-35.
    This article is a rebuttal to Robert G. Cavin and Carlos A. Colombetti’s article, “Assessing the Resurrection Hypothesis: Problems with Craig’s Inference to the Best Explanation,” which argues that the Standard Model of current particle physics entails that non-physical things (like a supernatural God or a supernaturally resurrected body) can have no causal contact with the physical universe. As such, they argue that William Lane Craig’s resurrection hypothesis is not only incompatible with the notion of Jesus physically appearing to the (...)
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  13.  9
    Agnomancy: Conjuring Ignorance, Sustaining Belief.Jack David Eller - 2020 - Socio-Historical Examination of Religion and Ministry 2 (1):150-180.
    Recent years have seen an increased interest in the construction and exploitation of ignorance, with the establishment of a field of agnotology. This effort has focused almost exclusively on governments and corporations, though little or none on religion. After exploring work in agnotology and introducing the concept of agnomancy, the present article offers a preliminary application of these perspectives to religion, investigating what light agnotology sheds on religion and when and for what reasons religion engages in agnomancy.
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  14.  26
    Is Faith a Path to Knowledge?Evan Fales - 2020 - Socio-Historical Examination of Religion and Ministry 2 (1):182-205.
    In this paper, I consider whether faith has any role to play in conferring positive epistemic status to beliefs. I outline several conceptions of faith that have been historically important within Western religious traditions. I then consider what role faith might be supposed to play, so understood, within the framework of internalist and externalist accounts of knowledge. My general conclusion is that, insofar as faith itself is a justified epistemic attitude, it requires justification and acquires that justification only through the (...)
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  15.  6
    Faith and Epistemology: Religious Truth Claims and Epistemic Warrant.Julius Gurney - 2020 - Socio-Historical Examination of Religion and Ministry 2 (1):207-216.
    This essay argues for the rationality of truth claims arising from religious faith over against the contention that such claims are, at best, viewed as subjective “value” language or, at worst, strictly irrational. An argument will be offered for the epistemic warrant of faith-based claims, not for the objective veracity of the religious claims themselves.
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  16.  3
    Essays Introducing a Jewish Perspective on the Gospel of John.Charles David Isbell - 2020 - Socio-Historical Examination of Religion and Ministry 2 (1):17-26.
    This article’s aim is to highlight the impact that plain sense readings of the Gospel of John have on educated Jewish and Christian lay persons but who typically do not aspire to learn or appropriate current scholarly theories seeking to explain sacred texts in a technical and often inordinately complex fashion. Essay topics include: 1) the anonymous author, the relationship of his gospel to the Synoptic Gospels, his interpretation of Jewish actions and customs, and his influence on a distinct group (...)
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  17. Identifying the Conflict Between Religion and Science.David Kyle Johnson - 2020 - Socio-Historical Examination of Religion and Ministry 2 (1):122-148.
    Inspired by Stephen J. Gould’s NOMA thesis, it is commonly maintained among academic theists that religion and science are not in conflict. This essay will argue, by analogy, that science and religion undeniably are in conflict. It will begin by quickly defining religion and science and then present multiple examples that are unquestionable instances of unscientific reasoning and beliefs and show how they precisely parallel common mainstream orthodox religious reasoning and doctrines. It will then consider objections. In essence, this article (...)
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  18.  1
    Imagined as Us-American: Patriotic Music, Religion, and Violence Post-9/11.David Kwon - 2020 - Socio-Historical Examination of Religion and Ministry 2 (1):96-120.
    With the common correlation of the patriotic music community to “America,” country music after 9/11, in many respects, could be seen as a site for the reinforcement and construction of American national identity. This article particularly explores the use of country music in the United States to represent and create a political ideology of “imagined” national identity in the time period between September 11, 2001 and the invasion of Iraq in the Spring of 2003. However, the nation, as imagined in (...)
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  19.  10
    Book Review: The Case Against Miracles, Edited by John W. Loftus. [REVIEW]Gregory Michna - 2020 - Socio-Historical Examination of Religion and Ministry 2 (1):228-234.
    A review of John W. Loftus’s edited volume, The Case Against Miracles.
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  20.  7
    Judaism and Evolutionary Astrology: Insights From a Jewish Astrologer.Elisa Robyn - 2020 - Socio-Historical Examination of Religion and Ministry 2 (1):218-226.
    While the Torah instructs Jews not to practice soothsaying or divination, the Talmud includes several discussions about the power of astrology with many Rabbis even arguing that the use of astrology is both permitted and meaningful. Add to this discrepancy the numerous astrological mosaics on the floors of ancient synagogues, as well as certain Kabbalistic practices, and it becomes clear why there is confusion within the Jewish community. This article examines Jewish perspectives on evolutionary astrology throughout Jewish history and its (...)
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  21.  2
    What is the Socio-Historical Method in the Study of Religion?Darren M. Slade - 2020 - Socio-Historical Examination of Religion and Ministry 2 (1):1-15.
    The purpose of this article is to answer what the socio-historical method is when applied to the study of religion, as well as detail how numerous disciplines contribute to its overall employment. In the broadest definition possible, a socio-historical study of religion coalesces the aims, philosophies, and methodologies of historiography with those of the social and cultural sciences, meaning it analyzes the interpretation and practice of religion through the lens of social/historical contexts, scientific discovery, and from within each faith tradition. (...)
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