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  1.  8
    Enseñar la sophrosyne: el uso del elenchos del Sócrates de Jenofonte [Traducción de Facundo Bey y Julia Rabanal].Gabriel Danzig, Facundo Bey & Julia Rabanal - 2021 - Archai: Revista de Estudos Sobre as Origens Do Pensamento Ocidental 2021 (31):1-39.
    In contrast to the abundance of discussion of Plato’s portrayal of the Socratic elenchos, relatively little work has been done on the elenchos as it appears in Xenophon. The reason is obvious: Xenophon makes much less use of the elenchus than Plato and what he does offer is not as interesting philosophically. Nevertheless, there are good reasons to look more closely at Xenophon’s portrait. It provides a corrective to the excessively intellectualizing portrait of the elenchus found in Plato’s writings, and (...)
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  2.  2
    Economico di Senofonte: la “maîtresse de la maison”.Fiorenza Bevilacqua - 2021 - Archai: Revista de Estudos Sobre as Origens Do Pensamento Ocidental 31.
    L’Economico di Senofonte contiene un interessante trattato sulla vita matrimoniale: al centro di questo trattato si colloca la figura della moglie di Iscomaco, così come viene delineata da quanto quest’ultimo narra a Socrate. Una figura in parte innovativa, in quanto viene associata alla gestione dell’oikos come responsabile di quanto si svolge all’interno della casa: un ruolo diverso da quello del marito, che si occupa e dirige ciò che si svolge all’esterno: i compiti di moglie e marito risultano quindi diversi ma (...)
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  3.  2
    Xenophon’s Oeconomicus: the “maîtresse de la maison”.Fiorenza Bevilacqua - 2021 - Archai: Revista de Estudos Sobre as Origens Do Pensamento Ocidental 31.
    Xenophon’s Oeconomicusincludes an interesting treatise on married life, at the hearth of which is the figure of Ischomachus’ wife, such as she is described by Ischomachus’ words to Socrates. It is an almost innovative figure, because she shares the management of the oikosas being responsible for what is carried out within the oikos: her role is different from her husband’s, who runs and manages what is carried out outside of the oikos. Therefore husband’s and wife’s tasks are different, though complementary. (...)
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  4.  7
    Measurement and Excess in Ajax: Transition From an Agonal Ethic to an Enlightened Ethic.Esteban Singh Caro - 2021 - Archai: Revista de Estudos Sobre as Origens Do Pensamento Ocidental 31.
    In Sophocles’ Ajax, a recurring conflict between two axiological systems gets thematized: the archaic, in which agonal values and personal excellence predominate, and the enlightened, which corresponds to the demands of already-developed cities and their values of equality and communal deliberation. This conflict is developed from a topic typical of the practical ideology of the time: the problem of measure and excess. The present work will account for the peculiar Sophoclean treatment of this problem through the analysis of the lexicon (...)
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  5.  2
    Hippo the Atheist and the story of the moist.Giovanni Casertano - 2021 - Archai: Revista de Estudos Sobre as Origens Do Pensamento Ocidental 31.
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  6.  4
    Teaching sophrosyne: The use of the elenchos by Xenophon’s Socrates.Gabriel Danzig - 2021 - Archai: Revista de Estudos Sobre as Origens Do Pensamento Ocidental 31.
    The Socratic elenchos in Xenophon's work plays a central role even though it may seem to have a secondary part. The following article aims to work on the xenophontic characterization of the Socratic elenchos, as well as his assessment from the point of view of its educational qualities. In this sense, the socratic elenchos potentialities will be analyzed in three directions: first, the strictly formative dimension; secondly, its role for acting in political affairs; and, finally, his contribution to the acquisition (...)
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  7.  1
    El Plato’s Protagoras on Who We Are?Irina Deretić - 2021 - Archai: Revista de Estudos Sobre as Origens Do Pensamento Ocidental 31.
    In Protagoras’ so called Great Speach, in Plato’s dialogue named after him, the Greek philosopher attributes the sophist a myth about the origin, development and nature of human beings, which has philosophical relevance. It is said that the gods created the mortal beings out of two elements, earth and fire. They assigned two titans, Epimetheus and Prometheus, to provide mortals with their faculties. Do this implies that creation had not been finished by the gods? To what extent do the gods (...)
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  8.  1
    Protágoras de Platón y la pregunta por quiénes somos.Irina Deretić - 2021 - Archai: Revista de Estudos Sobre as Origens Do Pensamento Ocidental 31.
    En el Gran Discurso de Protágoras, en el diálogo platónico que lleva su nombre, Platón pone en boca de Protágoras un mito acerca del origen, desarrollo y naturaleza del ser humano, que es de gran relevancia filosófica. Se expresa que los dioses crearon a los seres mortales desde dos elementos: la tierra y el fuego. A su vez, también asignaron dos titanes, Epimeteo y Prometeo, para que proveyeran a los mortales de sus facultades. ¿Acaso esto implica que la creación no (...)
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  9.  8
    Plato’s Protagoras on Who we Are?Irina Dereti´C. - 2021 - Archai: Revista de Estudos Sobre as Origens Do Pensamento Ocidental 31.
    In Protagoras’ so called Great Speach, in Plato’s dialogue named after him, the Greek philosopher attributes the sophist a myth about the origin, development and nature of human beings, which has philosophical relevance. It is said that the gods created the mortal beings out of two elements, earth and fire. They assigned two titans, Epimetheus and Prometheus, to provide mortals with their faculties. Do this implies that creation had not been finished by the gods? To what extent do the gods (...)
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  10.  5
    Socrates and his livelihood.Louis-André Dorion - 2021 - Archai: Revista de Estudos Sobre as Origens Do Pensamento Ocidental 31.
    Known for his poverty, what does Socrates live on? A careful study of the sources reveals that he could satisfy his needs in three different ways: by begging, by the generosity of his friends and by the gifts promised by powerful men. However, regarding these means, the sources are ambivalent: some indicate that Socrates used them, but others that he firmly rejected them in order to preserve his independence.
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  11.  2
    Sócrates y sus medios de subsistencia.Louis-André Dorion - 2021 - Archai: Revista de Estudos Sobre as Origens Do Pensamento Ocidental 31.
    Conocido por su pobreza, ¿de qué vive Sócrates? Un estudio minucioso de las fuentes revela que, para satisfacer sus necesidades, contaba con tres medios: la mendicidad, la generosidad de sus amigos y los regalos prometidos por los poderosos. Ahora bien, en relación con estos medios, las fuentes examinadas son ambivalentes: algunas señalan que Sócrates los usaba; otras, que los rechazaba firmemente para preservar su independencia.
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  12.  1
    'Many Cyruses': Xenophon's "Cyropaedia" and English Renaissance Humanism Reconsidered.Jane Grogan - 2021 - Archai: Revista de Estudos Sobre as Origens Do Pensamento Ocidental 31.
    The reception history of a text is frequently at odds with its origins. Colin Burrow notes the irony that despite its loud support of those in power, Virgil’s Aeneid is taken up and translated by the disempowered during the Renaissance. The same is partly true of Xenophon’s Cyropaedia. This paper examines the place of the Cyropaedia within the English humanist tradition, focussing on English translations of the text, and its interpretation within the speculum principis tradition. This culminates in the moment (...)
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  13.  2
    “Muchos Ciros”: reconsideraciones sobre la Ciropedia de Jenofonte y el humanismo renacentista inglés.Jane Grogan - 2021 - Archai: Revista de Estudos Sobre as Origens Do Pensamento Ocidental 31.
    La historia de la recepción de un texto suele estar en conflicto con sus orígenes. Colin Burrow nota la ironía de que, a pesar del gran apoyo de aquellos en el poder, la Eneida de Virgilio es tomada y traducida por los desfavorecidos durante el Renacimiento. Lo mismo es en parte cierto para la Ciropedia de Jenofonte. Este artículo examina el lugar de la Ciropedia dentro de la tradición humanista inglesa, centrándose en traducciones inglesas del texto y de sus interpretaciones (...)
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  14.  1
    Innovación genérica en Lacedaimonion Politeia revisitada.Noreen Humble - 2021 - Archai: Revista de Estudos Sobre as Origens Do Pensamento Ocidental 31.
    Este artículo analiza la estructura genérica y los fundamentos de la Lacedaimonion Politeia de Jenofonte. La Lac. ha sido frecuentemente considerada como un elogio o defensa de Esparta. Sin embargo, su retórica y estructura narrativa tienen poca similitud con prácticas contemporáneas para la composición de encomios o defensas. Aun cuando esto no impide un motivo elogioso o defensivo, examinar el tipo de retórica y los patrones narrativos de Jenofonte revela distintas afiliaciones genéricas, mostrando que la Lac., al igual que muchos (...)
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  15.  1
    Reviewing generic innovation in the Lacedaimonion Politeia.Noreen Humble - 2021 - Archai: Revista de Estudos Sobre as Origens Do Pensamento Ocidental 31.
    This paper examines the generic structure and underpinnings of Xenophon's Lacedaimonion Politeia. The Lac. has frequently been regarded as a praise or defence of Sparta yet its rhetoric and narrative structure bear little resemblance to contemporary practices for composing encomia or defense speeches. Although this does not preclude an encomiastic or defensive purpose, an examination of the type of rhetoric Xenophon employs and the narrative patterns and structures in the work reveal different generic affiliations, showing that the Lac., like many (...)
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  16.  1
    Muchos Sócrates: Una introducción a las voces del círculo socrático.Rodrigo Illarraga & Milena Lozano Nembrot - 2021 - Archai: Revista de Estudos Sobre as Origens Do Pensamento Ocidental 31.
    En este artículo se busca presentar la pluralidad de voces en torno a la figura de Sócrates como problema filosófico. Un universo de críticas y encomios, diálogos constantes que se retroalimentan en respuestas y réplicas que podemos rastrear desde las mismas Acusaciones contra Sócrates de Polícrates y las respuestas de Jenofonte y Platón en sus sendas apologías. Es en esos intersticios en donde podemos reconstruir no solo a la figura de Sócrates, sino a la dinámica de su círculo, un grupo (...)
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  17.  1
    Archai Dossier: Socratic Voices - Presentation.Rodrigo Illarraga & Milena Lozano Nembrot - 2021 - Archai: Revista de Estudos Sobre as Origens Do Pensamento Ocidental 31.
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  18.  2
    Many Socrates: An Introduction to the Voices of the Socratic circle.Rodrigo Illarraga & Milena Lozano Nembrot - 2021 - Archai: Revista de Estudos Sobre as Origens Do Pensamento Ocidental 31.
    This paper aims to introduce the plurality of voices that encircle the character of Socrates as a philosophical issue. A universe of criticism and praise, constant dialogues of answers and replicas that we can trace back to Socrates' Accusations against Polycrates and the answers of Xenophon and Plato in their apologies. In these interstices we can reconstruct not only the figure of Socrates, but also the dynamics of his circle an extensive and diverse group marked both by the differences between (...)
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  19.  4
    “I want to die many times if this is true” (Plat., Ap., 41b). Socrates, Palamedes, and the rhetorical exercises in the horizon of the Socratic dialogue. [REVIEW]Claudia Mársico - 2021 - Archai: Revista de Estudos Sobre as Origens Do Pensamento Ocidental 31.
    The figure of Socrates divides the history of Western thought into two parts. It inaugurates a model of philosophy that shaped all subsequent tradition with the sole force of its influence and the totemic aura from his tragic death. There were many accounts of what happened, but none of them overshadowed Plato's Apology of Socrates as a fundamental text for entering into the details of the trial and sentence. In this context, the opacity of this text is rarely taken into (...)
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  20.  4
    “Quiero morir muchas veces si esto es verdad” (Plat., Ap., 41b). Sócrates, Palamedes y los ejercicios retóricos en el horizonte del diálogo socrático. [REVIEW]Claudia Mársico - 2021 - Archai: Revista de Estudos Sobre as Origens Do Pensamento Ocidental 31.
    La figura de Sócrates separa la historia del pensamiento en dos e inaugura un modelo de filosofía que impactó en toda la tradición posterior con la sola fuerza de su influjo y el halo totémico de su muerte trágica. No faltaron relatos de lo acaecido, pero entre ellos ninguno opaca a la Apología de Sócrates de Platón como texto fundamental para adentrarse en los pormenores del juicio y la condena. En este contexto poco suele tenerse en cuenta que se trata (...)
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  21.  2
    Observations on emotion and persuasion in Xenophon's Cyropaedia.Melina Tamiolaki - 2021 - Archai: Revista de Estudos Sobre as Origens Do Pensamento Ocidental 31.
    The present work has the object of investigating the relation between emotion and persuasion in Xenophon’s Cyropaedia, not only by analyzing its lexical expressions, but also the emotional scenarios and the context in which they manifest. The Cyropaedia, usually considered as the epitome of Xenophon’s theory of leadership, shows us a crucial characteristic of Cyrus: his capacity of appealing to different emotions depending on the audience. This inquiry will allow us to trace the constitutive elements of a possible theory of (...)
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  22.  3
    Observaciones sobre la emoción y la persuasión en la Ciropedia de Jenofonte.Melina Tamiolaki - 2021 - Archai: Revista de Estudos Sobre as Origens Do Pensamento Ocidental 31.
    El presente trabajo tiene como objeto investigar la relación entre emoción y persuasión en la Ciropedia de Jenofonte, no solo analizando sus expresiones léxicas, sino también los escenarios y el contexto en donde se manifiestan. Esta obra, usualmente considerada como el epítome de la teoría del liderazgo elaborada por el filósofo ateniense, nos muestra una faceta de Ciro crucial: su capacidad de apelar a distintas emociones dependiendo de las audiencias a las que se dirigía. Tal indagación nos permitirá rastrear los (...)
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