20 found

View year:

  1. An Intuitive Solution to the Problem of Induction.Andrew Dennis Bassford - 2022 - Principia: An International Journal of Epistemology 26 (2):205-232.
    The subject of this essay is the classical problem of induction, which is sometimes attributed to David Hume and called “the Humean Problem of Induction.” Here, I examine a certain sort of Neo-Aristotelian solution to the problem, which appeals to the concept of natural kinds in its response to the inductive skeptic. This position is most notably represented by Howard Sankey and Marc Lange. The purpose of this paper is partly destructive and partly constructive. I raise two questions. The first (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  2.  8
    Grundlagen §64: An Alternative Strategy to Account for Second-Order Abstraction.Vincenzo Ciccarelli - 2022 - Principia: An International Journal of Epistemology 26 (2):183-204.
    A famous passage in Section 64 of Frege’s Grundlagen may be seen as a justification for the truth of abstraction principles. The justification is grounded in the procedureofcontent recarvingwhich Frege describes in the passage. In this paper I argue that Frege’sprocedure of content recarving while possibly correct in the case of first-order equivalencerelations is insufficient to grant the truth of second-order abstractions. Moreover, I propose apossible way of justifying second-order abstractions by referring to the operation of contentrecarving and I show (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  3. Henkin on Nominalism and Higher-Order Logic.Diego Pinheiro Fernandes - 2022 - Principia: An International Journal of Epistemology 26 (2).
    In this paper a proposal by Henkin of a nominalistic interpretation for second and higher-order logic is developed in detail and analysed. It was proposed as a response to Quine’s claim that second and higher-order logic not only are committed to the existence of sets, but also are committed to the existence of more sets than can ever be referred to in the language. Henkin’s interpretation is rarely cited in the debate on semantics and ontological commitments for these logics, though (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  4.  2
    ¿Es la Lectura de Mentes una Capacidad Unimodal?Anyerson Stiths Gómez Tabares - 2022 - Principia: An International Journal of Epistemology 26 (2).
    En la discusión de la teoría de la mente hay dos enfoques que han intentado explicar la atribución de estados psicológicos: la teoría-teoría y la teoría de la simulación. El rasgo distintivo de ambos enfoques es que defienden un proceso cognitivo unimodal de explicación de la lectura de mentes, sea de teorización o simulación. En este trabajo se discuten las implicaciones que tienen estos enfoques en la investigación filosófica y empírica, y se defiende la tesis de que la lectura de (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  5.  2
    Abilism Ascendant?Kevin Meeker - 2022 - Principia: An International Journal of Epistemology 26 (2).
    John Turri has recently called for a major shift in how the vast majority of philosophers think of knowledge. Instead of maintaining that knowledge must proceed from reliable processes, he urges epistemologists to move toward an “abilist” view that allows knowledge to proceed from abilities that are not truth-conducive. More strongly, he claims to have provided conclusive reasons for abandoning the idea that knowledge requires reliability. In this paper I explain why Turri has failed to make the case for preferring (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  6.  5
    An Alternative View for Scientific Models Based on Metaphors: A Case Analysis From Darwin's Use of Metaphors.Deivide Garcia da Silva Oliveira - 2022 - Principia: An International Journal of Epistemology 26 (2):347-373.
    This paper aims to offer an alternative view for understanding scientific models based on metaphors. To accomplish this, we employ a special case of Darwin’s use of metaphors, such as the notion of powerful Being, in order to represent natural selection. Our proposal contributes to issues in the literature of scientific model, such as imprecisions in the understanding of scientific models, especially in models based on metaphors. Thus, our alternative view of models based on metaphors, and inspired by Darwin’s use (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  7.  3
    Sobre a Atualidade de Kant: Apontamentos de Possíveis Relações Entre as Analogias da Experiência E Alguns Aspectos de Teorias Científicas Hodiernamente Estabelecidas.Cristiano Rodrigues Peixoto - 2022 - Principia: An International Journal of Epistemology 26 (2).
    O objetivo deste artigo é propor um cotejo das posições kantianas expostas em seu texto das Analogias da experiência com teorias científicas amplamente aceitas hodiernamente. Assim, avalia-se, mesmo que de maneira breve, o alcance e a sustentação das teses kantianas expostas no referido texto, tomando como base de reflexão aspectos importantes da relatividade, da termodinâmica e da física quântica. Tal análise revela, por um lado, que a aplicabilidade da primeira e da terceira analogias da experiência, as quais lidam, respectivamente, com (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  8.  4
    Sobre el Lugar de Frege (y Moore) en el Psicologismusstreit.Mário Ariel González Porta - 2022 - Principia: An International Journal of Epistemology 26 (2).
    La crítica al psicologismo juega un papel igualmente esencial en los orígenes de neokantianismo, fenomenología y filosofía analítica. Este trabajo se propone estudiar el desarollo de tal crítica en la filosofía analítica correlacionando el mismo a aquel que se opera en el neokantianismo y en la fenomenología. Bajo tal perspectiva, son revisadas ciertas consideraciones anacrónicas con respecto a autores tales como Frege y Moore.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  9. On Mr Truetemp's Lack of Virtue.Howard Sankey - 2022 - Principia: An International Journal of Epistemology 26 (2):313-318.
    Keith Lehrer described the case of Mr Truetemp, who has reliably formed true beliefs about the temperature. The beliefs are produced by the action of a device (a "tempucomp" ) which has been surgically implanted in Truetemp's skull without his knowledge. The case is designed as a counterexample to process reliabilism. This short paper explores the question whether virtue epistemology is able to deal with the Truetemp case. It is argued that virtue-theoretic considerations lead to the rejection of the Truetemp (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  10.  76
    Taking Models Seriously and Being a Linguistic Realist.Raoni Wohnrath Arroyo & Gilson Olegario da Silva - 2022 - Principia: An International Journal of Epistemology 26 (1):73-94.
    Carnap's conception of linguistic frameworks is widespread; however, it is not entirely clear nor consensual to pinpoint what is the influence of his stance within the traditional realist/anti-realist debate. In this paper, we place Carnap as a proponent of a scientific realist stance, by presenting what he called “linguistic realism”. Some possible criticisms are considered, and a case study is offered with wave function realism, a popular position in the philosophy of quantum mechanics.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  11. Ignor'ncia Proposicional E Proposições Falsas.Lucas Jairo Cervantes Bispo - 2022 - Principia: An International Journal of Epistemology 26 (1):113-133.
    Neste trabalho discuto a natureza e a estrutura de análise da ignorância proposicional. Meu objetivo é de apontar que, em primeiro lugar, diferentemente de como ao menos duas das principais concepções da epistemologia da ignorância têm pressuposto, a análise da ignorância proposicional não se reduz a estrutura “S é ignorante que P” ou variantes semelhantes a esta estrutura. Ao lerem a ignorância proposicional reduzida em termos de “S é ignorante que P”, essas concepções não fazem a melhor análise da ignorância (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  12.  1
    Abstração E Ação. Resenha de DUTRA, Luiz Henrique de Araújo. Pragmática de Modelos: Natureza, Estrutura E Uso Dos Modelos Científicos. 3ª Edição Revista E Ampliada. Ribeirão Preto: Agrya, 2021. [REVIEW]Renato Cesar Cani - 2022 - Principia: An International Journal of Epistemology 26 (1):173-182.
    Que papel exercem os modelos nas investigações científicas? Que características deve ter um modelo para que seja designado como científico? Como operam os modelos nas ciências humanas e qual seu impacto nas ações humanas? Esses são alguns dos questionamentos que dão ensejo às discussões propostas por Luiz Henrique de Araújo Dutra em sua obra Pragmática de modelos, cuja terceira edição, revista e ampliada, fora recentemente lançada pela Editora Agrya.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  13.  2
    El Arquetipo Vertebrado de Richard Owen: Razón de Ser y Destino de unos de los Modelos Más Influyentes en la Historia de la Biología.Gustavo Andrés Caponi - 2022 - Principia: An International Journal of Epistemology 26 (1):55-71.
    El arquetipo vertebrado delineado por Richard Owen a mediados del Siglo XIX fue un modelo concebido para pautar el análisis morfológico de los seres vivos dentro de los lineamientos definidos por la idea de una unidad de composición cuando ella se aplicaba al caso específico de los vertebrados. Pero aquí, además de analizar la razón de ser originaria de ese arquetipo y su modo de operar dentro del contexto epistémico en el que efectivamente surgió, también aludiremos al modo en que (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  14.  4
    Models and Modeling in the Sciences: Preface to the Special Issue of the 12th Principia International Symposium.Ivan Ferreira da Cunha & Jerzy A. Brzozowski - 2022 - Principia: An International Journal of Epistemology 26 (1):1-5.
    This Special Issue brings a selection of peer-reviewed papers that were presented at the 12th Principia International Symposium: Models and Modeling in the Sciences, Florianópolis, Brazil, online, August 2021. In this preface, the chair and the secretary of the organizing committee comment the symposium's context and briefly present the issue.
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  15.  1
    Representando Fenômenos Emergentes.William Ananias Vallerio Dias - 2022 - Principia: An International Journal of Epistemology 26 (1):153-171.
    Modelos representacionais são usados na prática científica para representar diferentes fenômenos. O propósito deste trabalho é examinar o uso de autômatos celulares para representar fenômenos emergentes, isto é, fenômenos com aspectos globais que não podem ser preditos apenas a partir de seus aspectos locais, procurando entender como se dá a representação nesse processo de modelagem. Uma abordagem sugerida é a acepção DEKI desenvolvida por Roman Frigg e James Nguyen, no qual o processo de representação envolve quatro aspectos: denotação do sistema-alvo (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  16.  32
    Models as Felicitous Falsehoods.Catherine Elgin - 2022 - Principia: An International Journal of Epistemology 26 (1):7-23.
    I argue that models enable us to understand reality in ways that we would be unable to do if we restricted ourselves to the unvarnished truth. The point is not just that the features that a model skirts can permissibly be neglected. They ought to be neglected. Too much information occludes patterns that figure in an understanding of the phenomena. The regularities a model reveals are real and informative. But many of them show up only under idealizing assumptions.
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  17.  2
    Models and Modeling in Science: The Role of Metamathematics.Décio Krause - 2022 - Principia: An International Journal of Epistemology 26 (1):39-54.
    The use of models of scientific theories should not be done without qualifications about the mathematics being used to build the models. This looks obvious, at least for logicians, but generally, it is not to the philosopher of science. Thus, some details about this point seem useful for both. Since any quick revision in the literature shows that in most cases, mainly after the raising of the semantic approach, the models are taken to be set-theoretical structures, in discussing the issue (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  18.  9
    What is the Aim of Models in Formal Epistemology?Matheus de Lima Rui - 2022 - Principia: An International Journal of Epistemology 26 (1):135-152.
    It is certainly well accepted that formal models play a key role in scientific job. Its use goes from natural sciences like physics and even to social sciences like economics and politics. Using mathematics allows the researcher to consider more complicated scenarios involving several variables. Some models are developed to make predictions, others to describe a phenomena, or just to improve the explanation of events in the world. But what has all this to do with philosophy? The aim of the (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  19. Compatibilizando Autopoiese E Atribuições Funcionais.João Willian Stakonski - 2022 - Principia: An International Journal of Epistemology 26 (1):95-111.
    Ao estruturarem sua compreensão dos seres vivos enquanto máquinas autopoiéticas, Humberto Maturana e Francisco Varela reiteradamente tecem críticas à aplicação das noções de função e aptidão então estabelecidas em teorias científicas. Tais críticas apresentam-se em duas frentes principais: por um lado, os autores afirmam que atribuições funcionais são causalmente inertes, o que as reduz a meros artifícios explicativos não operacionalizáveis; por outro, defendem que todo organismo, enquanto não for destruído em suas interações com o meio, conserva sua aptidão, sendo esta (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  20.  12
    A Landscape of Logics Beyond the Deduction Theorem.Bas C. van Fraassen - 2022 - Principia: An International Journal of Epistemology 26 (1):25-38.
    Philosophical issues often turn into logic. That is certainly true of Moore’s Paradox, which tends to appear and reappear in many philosophical contexts. There is no doubt that its study belongs to pragmatics rather than semantics or syntax. But it is also true that issues in pragmatics can often be studied fruitfully by attending to their projection, so to speak, onto the levels of semantics or syntax — just in the way that problems in spherical geometry are often illuminated by (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
 Previous issues
  
Next issues