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  1. On the Fringe: Where Science Meets Pseudoscience by Michael D. Gordin.Henry Bauer - 2022 - Journal of Scientific Exploration 36 (3).
    In contemporary society, “science” signifies authoritative understanding of the natural world; therefore “pseudo”-science means claimed but inauthentic, false knowledge about nature; and “fringe” science, between those two, means doubtfully trustworthy knowledge. In any case, whether or not it is a conscious decision and whether or not it is admitted, attributing authoritative understanding to science entails accepting the religion of scientism, the belief that scientific knowledge is superior to any other claims of knowledge. But the content of “science” is created by (...)
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  2. Supradegeneracy, Anti-Supradegeneracy, and the Second Law of Thermodynamics.Jack Denur - 2022 - Journal of Scientific Exploration 36 (3).
    Supradegeneracy — degeneracy G increasing with increasing energy E faster than the Boltzmann factor eE=kT decreases with increasing E — has been investigated with respect to its possibly engendering challenges to the Second Law of Thermodynamics. Supradegeneracy alone does not challenge the Second Law: if there is to be even the possibility that a system manifesting supradegeneracy can challenge the Second Law, additional requirements — over and above supradegeneracy per se — must also be fulfilled. We hypothesize what prima facie (...)
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  3. JSE 36:3 Fall 2022 Whole Issue.Kathleen E. Erickson - 2022 - Journal of Scientific Exploration 36 (3).
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  4.  1
    Rationality: What It Is, Why It Matters, and Why It Seems Scarce by Steven Pinker.I. I. I. George Robert Williams - 2022 - Journal of Scientific Exploration 36 (3).
    In his latest book, Rationality: What It Is, Why It Matters, Why It Seems Scarce, Steven Pinker brings attention to how we might strengthen our reasoning powers, as well as be more cognizant of the ways we might fall short. This mostly takes the form of a wide-ranging tour, acquainting us with various forms of fallacious reasoning as well as tools to improve our reasoning faculties. As a famous professor of psychology at Harvard, Pinker is arguably well-equipped to provide a (...)
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  5. Thermodynamic Laws and Measurements.George Hathaway - 2022 - Journal of Scientific Exploration 36 (3).
    This paper outlines issues associated with the verification of claims of thermodynamic law violations, focusing on measurement issues. We do not go into detail about the various interpretations and alternative forms of the thermodynamic “laws”, only presenting the reader with a standard interpretation of Laws 1 & 2. The word “laws” is in quotes here as there have been recent experiments appearing to show violations of, or at least subtleties associated with these laws which necessitate proper measurements and experimental design.
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  6. Sustainable Energy and the Second Law of Thermodynamics: An Introduction to the Special Issue.George Hathaway & Daniel P. Sheehan - 2022 - Journal of Scientific Exploration 36 (3).
    At the end of the 19th century, the field of physics was considered nearly complete, encouraging triumphal statements by some of the most eminent physicists of the day, for instance, "There is nothing new to be discovered in physics now. All that remains is more and more precise measurement. Only a few random clouds troubled this bright horizon, for instance, the vexing negative result of the Michelson-Morley experiment, some puzzling aspects to the photoelectric effect, and a the lack of a (...)
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  7. Type-B Energetic Processes and Their Associated Scientific Implications.James Weifu Lee - 2022 - Journal of Scientific Exploration 36 (3).
    Recently, our work has identified two thermodynamically distinct types of energetic processes naturally occurring on Earth: Type-A energy processes such as the classical heat engines, ATP hydrolysis, and many of the known chemical, electrical, and mechanical processes apparently well follow the second law of thermodynamics; and Type-B energy processes, such as the newly discovered thermotrophic function that isothermally utilizes environmental heat energy to do useful work in driving ATP synthesis, which follows the first law of thermodynamics, but does not necessarily (...)
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  8. Zero-Point Energy: Capturing Evanescence.Garret Moddel - 2022 - Journal of Scientific Exploration 36 (3).
    In results from thousands of trials and dozens of variations, tests for measurement artifacts, and replications, metal/insulator/metal/Casimir cavity devices produce electric power, apparently by tapping ambient zero-point energy. A simple calculation shows that the power potentially available from the ZPE quantum vacuum is an immense 5 gigawatts per square meter. The devices tap a tiny fraction of that, but still deliver a practical power density of 70 watts per square meter. The devices are designed to circumvent the apparent impediments to (...)
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  9. Beyond the Thermodynamic Limit: Template for Second Law Violators.Daniel Sheehan - 2022 - Journal of Scientific Exploration 36 (3).
    For 150 years the second law of thermodynamics has been considered inviolable by the general scientific com-munity; however over the last three decades its absolute status has been challenged by dozens of theoretical and experimental counterexamples. This study explores commonalities between some of the most potent of these and reveals a common template that involves broken physical-thermodynamic symmetries and reser-voirs of work-exploitable thermal energy stored at system boundaries. Commercially successful second law devices could disrupt the current energy economy and help (...)
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  10.  33
    When Will Survival Researchers Move Past Defending the Indefensible?Keith Augustine - 2022 - Journal of Scientific Exploration 36 (2):412-435.
    The failure of five psychical researchers to confront my critique of Bigelow Institute contest-winning essays with counterpoints or concessions responsive to its novel criticisms is disappointing. Their defensive and scattershot reply lost sight of whether the critiqued essays met their directive to provide "hard evidence 'beyond a reasonable doubt'" of the survival of human consciousness. In the critique I also questioned the scientific validity of seeking ostensible evidence for discarnate personal survival without giving due care to potential evidence against it, (...)
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  11.  36
    How Not to Do Survival Research: Reflections on the Bigelow Institute Essay Competition.Keith Augustine - 2022 - Journal of Scientific Exploration 36 (2):366-398.
    The recent Bigelow Institute contest rewarding the "best" evidence for life after death epitomizes much of what's wrong with the current state of survival research, its participants constituting a who's who list of contemporary survival researchers. Cases that are regularly hyped as among the best evidence for an afterlife are all too often easily susceptible to normal explanations--if only survival researchers would give them a chance. The consistently negative results of 121 years of experimental survival research ought to have spurred (...)
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  12.  1
    COVID: Orthodoxy or Conspiracy: Can the Center Hold?Henry Bauer - 2022 - Journal of Scientific Exploration 36 (2).
    The conversation1 between Walach and Bobrow about The Real Anthony Fauci. Bill Gates, Big Pharma, and the Global War on Democracy and Public Health by Robert F. Kennedy, Jr., deserves to be continued. It raises quite general issues about the role of science in modern society and the influence of politics. The two questions posed by Walach are a useful framework for discussion: Is it true that we were faced with a “pandemic”? Can we really trust our institutions? A large (...)
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  13.  2
    The Water Horses of Loch Ness by Roland Watson.Henry Bauer - 2022 - Journal of Scientific Exploration 36 (2).
    In The Water Horses of Loch Ness, Roland Watson presents a significant and original contribution to methods for evaluating and interpreting traditional stories and folklore. Are Nessies real animals, or are they an entrepreneurial tourist trap capitalizing on folklore? Or are they perhaps supernatural entities? Each of those hypotheses has its adherents, and they each offer evidence. Most cryptozoologists pursue the real-animals hypothesis. However, a British novelist and former PR executive confessed to inventing the creatures to help the hotel industry, (...)
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  14.  1
    Reply to Bauer.Robert Bobrow - 2022 - Journal of Scientific Exploration 36 (2).
    “I don’t care if it’s horse piss. It works!” President John F. Kennedy I don’t know whom or what Dr. Bauer consults for his own medical care, but most of us rely on well-intentioned individuals, doing the best they can, with the tools they have on hand. Polymerase chain reaction, which can identify viruses and bacteria by their DNA or RNA within a few hours using a multiplication technique, is such a tool. Identifying bacteria by culture takes several days, and (...)
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  15.  13
    Not So Fast: A Response to Augustine’s Critique of the BICS Contest.Stephen Braude, Imants Barušs, Arnaud Delorme, Dean Radin & Helané Wahbeh - 2022 - Journal of Scientific Exploration 36 (2):399-411.
    Keith Augustine’s critical evaluation of the essay contest sponsored by the Bigelow Institute of Consciousness Studies is an interesting but problematic review. It mixes reasonable and detailed criticisms of the contest and many of the winning essays with a disappointing reliance on some of the most trite and superficial criticisms of parapsychological research. Ironically, Augustine criticizes the winning essays for using straw-man arguments and cherry-picked evidence even though many of his own arguments commit these same errors.
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  16. Of Books and Beasts; A Cryptozoologist’s Library by Matt Bille.Bruce Champagne - 2022 - Journal of Scientific Exploration 36 (2).
    Opportunities for the peer-reviewed presentation of specifically cryptozoological subjects are currently limited to the Relict Hominoid Inquiry and Journal of Scientific Exploration. As a result, books not only have an important role in providing historical information and more current data and theory but are also preferable over other sources as the reader can evaluate the value of a book by the author’s approach and sources. There are many cryptozoological titles but not they are not equal in contribution.
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  17.  2
    The Revival of Structuralism: The Periodic Table of Mental Science.Orogee Dolsenhe - 2022 - Journal of Scientific Exploration 36 (2).
    Physical science solved an age-old problem in the 19th century: what makes elements similar or dissimilar? Mendeleev generally is given credit for the discovery of the underlying structure of chemical elements, known as the periodic table. Like chemicals, qualia seem to share different relationships within a modality and between modalities. Wundt’s structuralism represents an early effort to build the structure of mind through data obtained by introspection. Unfortunately, as have many other subjects, structuralism has been victimized by behaviorism’s domination. And (...)
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  18. JSE 36:2 Summer 2022 Whole Issue PDF.Kathleen E. Erickson - 2022 - Journal of Scientific Exploration 36 (2).
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  19.  4
    The Next World: Extraordinary Experiences of the Afterlife by Gregory Shushan.Michael Grosso - 2022 - Journal of Scientific Exploration 36 (2).
    Our culture allows us to quantify death with precise statistics. We know that at least a million Americans so far have lost their lives to Covid-19. We have the daily numbers of mass killings in the United States; of those killed at the hands of Vladimir Putin’s criminal war; of deaths due to starvation, specific diseases, obesity, psychosis, suicide, and so on. There are new technologies that claim they will be able to predict exactly when we will die from natural (...)
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  20. Introduction to the Special Subsection: Contemplating the BICS Essay Contest on Postmortem Survival.James Houran - 2022 - Journal of Scientific Exploration 36 (2).
    Well-known aerospace entrepreneur Robert T. Bigelow has contributed a great deal privately and publicly to science and technology over the years, including the realm of anomalistics and edge science [see: Kelleher, C. A., & Knapp, G.. Hunt for the skinwalker: Science confronts the unexplained at a remote ranch in Utah. Paraview Pocket Books]. This generous support should be celebrated, as it is virtually unique in modern times where academic freedom and consequential funding are sparse in the controversial fields that JSE (...)
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  21. 'Fringe Science'—A Tautology, Not Pariah.James Houran & Henry Bauer - 2022 - Journal of Scientific Exploration 36 (2).
    This joint Editorial is uncustomary but motivated by the authors’ shared concern about the problem of scientism, i.e., the excessive belief in the power of scientific knowledge or techniques or what some authors have described as the arrogance of scientific authority. On this issue, Frank noted that The most important reason [scientism] is a mistake is because it is confused about what it’s defending. Without doubt, science is unique, powerful, and wonderful. It should be celebrated, and it needs to be (...)
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  22. Don't Judge a Book by Its Cover: A Case Study and Comparative Analysis of Popular Vs. Academic Psychology Books.Debra Lynne Katz - 2022 - Journal of Scientific Exploration 36 (2).
    Many academic psychologists hold negative and stereotypical views about popular psychology books, even though there have been few formal investigations into these materials to understand their content, construction, purposes, or orientations, or their author’s credentials. This paper explores the origins of these views both within the Sociology of Scientific knowledge literature, and psychological literature. Through formal case study methodology, an extensive review and comparative analysis of books with the psychological construct of “Attention” in their title was undertaken to determine whether (...)
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  23.  4
    The 2021 Bigelow Institute for Consciousness Studies (BICS) Essay Contest.Colm Kelleher & Robert Bigelow - 2022 - Journal of Scientific Exploration 36 (2).
    BICS was founded in 2020 to communicate, facilitate, educate, and organize scientific research and exploration into the survival of human consciousness after permanent bodily death. In early 2021 BICS announced an essay contest on the best evidence for survival of human consciousness with $950,000 in prizes. Essay contestants were tasked to present evidence for SOHC after death beyond a reasonable doubt. “Beyond a reasonable doubt” is the most demanding and rigorous burden of proof in the criminal justice legal system and (...)
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  24.  22
    Beyond the BICS Essay Contest: Envisioning a More Rigorous Preregistered Survival Study.Etienne LeBel, Keith Augustine & Adam Rock - 2022 - Journal of Scientific Exploration 36 (2):436-447.
    Prior experimental studies of anomalous information reception (AIR) have been touted as strong evidence for postmortem survival of consciousness yet are plagued by several methodological weaknesses that preclude clear evidence of positive results. The present team provides an adversarial collaboration to identify and compensate for the major limitations of these previous approaches. We outline a more rigorous preregistered study design that eliminates or minimizes researcher bias in (a) data cleaning and (b) statistical analysis. Obtaining positive results with our recommended design (...)
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  25. A Pre-Registered Test of a Correlational Micro-PK Effect: Efforts to Learn From a Failure to Replicate.Markus Maier & Moritz Dechamps - 2022 - Journal of Scientific Exploration 36 (2).
    Micro-psychokinesis research studies the effects of observers’ conscious or unconscious intentions on random outcomes derived from true random sources such as quantum random number generators. The micro-PK study presented here was originally planned, preregistered, and conducted to exactly replicate a correlational finding between two within-subject experimental conditions found in an original micro-PK dataset using a QRNG. However, after data collection and analyses, a data error was detected in the original to-be-replicated dataset. A reanalysis of the original correlation effect after error (...)
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  26.  2
    The Supernatural After the Neuro-Turn Edited by Pieter F. Craffert, John R. Baker, Michael J. Winkelman.Gerhard A. Mayer - 2022 - Journal of Scientific Exploration 36 (2).
    In the book chapter "Neurocognitive processes and supernatural beliefs," Andrew Newberg and David Yaden describe a basic cognitive process they call the "binary process." According to their model, this should contribute to the development of supernatural beliefs in addition to other processes. They understand this to be a general structuring process that organizes objects and abstract ideas into into dyads; that is, into relations of two, e.g., good and bad, happy and sad, natural and supernatural, right and wrong. The latter (...)
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  27. For Brenda Dunne, Fond Memories and Deep Respect.Roger D. Nelson - 2022 - Journal of Scientific Exploration 36 (2).
    In early 1980, I answered a circumspect ad in the Chronicle of Higher Education looking for a “cognitive scientist interested in the lesser-known aspects of perception.” After some correspondence, I traveled from northern Vermont to Princeton to interview for a job that would, as I learned, touch on truly rarefied aspects of consciousness. By “accident,” I encountered Brenda walking down the hallway toward Bob Jahn's office, where I was headed for an interview, recognizing her though we had never met. It (...)
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  28.  1
    A Grounded Theory Update on the Roswell UFO Incident.Kevin Randle - 2022 - Journal of Scientific Exploration 36 (2).
    Something unquestionably strange fell southeast of the tiny New Mexican town of Corona in the summer of 1947—an event that has become an iconic case in ufology and part of mainstream culture. Documentation and eyewitness testimony proves that rancher William Ware “Mack” Brazel took samples of that debris into the Roswell, New Mexico, sheriff’s office who in turn, reported the situation to Roswell Army Air Force officials. Controversy about the incident has always centered on the identification of the recovered debris (...)
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  29.  2
    A Persistent Avian Formation on a South-Facing Slope, Along the Northwest Rim of the Argyre Basin of Mars.William Saunders, George Haas & James Miller - 2022 - Journal of Scientific Exploration 36 (2).
    This is an examination of an avian-shaped feature that rests below a network of cellular structures found on a mound within the Argyre Basin of Mars. The area examined is located near 48.0° south and 55.1° west. A set of four supportive images provided by the Mars Global Surveyor and Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter spacecraft show the feature is persistent over a period of more than 20 years. The images reveal defining aspects of this avian feature, including a head, beak, body, (...)
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  30.  5
    Metarepresentations of Supernatural Belief and the Effect of Context on Cognition.Malcolm Schofield, David Sheffield & Ian Baker - 2022 - Journal of Scientific Exploration 36 (2).
    This study aimed to see if context in the form of priming can alter a participants thinking style based on their level of implicit association with either a religious or paranormal belief. This was based on the theory of alief, when a person’s explicit belief and behaviour are mismatched. This was also linked to dual process theory, with alief being analogous to type one thinking styles. One hundred and seventy-two participants were recruited from the University of Derby and social media. (...)
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  31.  1
    Atlas of Dark Destinations—Explore the World of Dark Tourism by Peter Hohenhaus.Philip R. Stone - 2022 - Journal of Scientific Exploration 36 (2).
    Dark tourism is an appellation defining travel to a diverse array of tourist sites that portray death, disasters, or calamities. For over 25 years, dark tourism as an international subject of scholarly interest has drawn together multidisciplinary discourse, where the dominion of the dead collides with contemporary touristic consumption. In turn, dark tourism has opened scholarly scrutiny of our significant Other dead and how societies deal with difficult heritage. Consequently, dark tourism is about polysemic touristic encounters with our memorialized dead, (...)
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  32. Corona Discharges on von Reichenbach’s Terrellae?Marinus Van der Sluijs - 2022 - Journal of Scientific Exploration 36 (2).
    In the 1840s, extensive experimentation led von Reichenbach to postulate an ‘Odic force’ associated with ‘Odic light’ or ‘magnet light’, of which the polar aurora would be an example in space. The physical nature of the visible phenomena reported by his assistants during the experiments has never been satisfactorily identified. It is argued that ‘Od’ compares to plasma or ionised gas, while at least a subset of the investigations, conducted on terrellae, represented the first experimental work on corona discharges. Accordingly, (...)
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  33.  2
    COVID-19—Conspiracy or Not? Some Thoughts on Bauer and Bobrow.Harald Walach - 2022 - Journal of Scientific Exploration 36 (2).
    I am pleased about the discussion which my review of Kennedy’s book “The Real Anthony Fauci” has stimulated. It is a signature of the COVID-19 crisis that scientific discourse has broken down. There seem to be only two camps, those that “believe” in the mainstream narrative that COVID-19 is a deadly killer virus with far above average Case Fatality Rates that could only be halted by drastic non-pharmaceutical interventions such as complete lockdowns, stay-at-home orders, mask mandates; for which no treatment (...)
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  34.  2
    Empirical Analysis of the Hugh Gray 'Nessie' Photograph.Roland Watson - 2022 - Journal of Scientific Exploration 36 (2).
    The first photograph said to be of the Loch Ness Monster was taken on 12th November 1933 around noon by a local man by the name of Hugh Gray. I say "Loch Ness Monster" because I believe the photograph to be genuine and part of the evidence portfolio. The picture that generally circulates is shown below. The Scottish Daily Record took his picture and Mr. Gray gave the following account to them having been interviewed by Hugh Mackenzie, Peter Munro representing (...)
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  35.  2
    On Subtle Bodies, Out-of-Body Experiences, and Apparitions of the Living: A Review of Ernesto Bozzano's Study of "Bilocation". [REVIEW]Carlos S. Alvarado & Massimo Biondi - 2022 - Journal of Scientific Exploration 36 (1).
    For many years there have been phenomena such as apparitions of the living, photographs of the living at a distance, near-death experiences, emanations of light from the dying, fog, or incorporeal “doubles,” which have suggested the existence of a spirit, or “subtle body,” able to separate itself from the physical body, sometimes bringing consciousness with it. This idea also underpins the projection model for Out-of-Body Experience cases, which has an interesting history. Here I briefly review that concept through the analysis (...)
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  36. Startling Discoveries and Contrarian Anomalies: Small Comets and Other Heresies.Henry Bauer - 2022 - Journal of Scientific Exploration 36 (1).
    This book should be required reading for all scholars and students of Science and Technology Studies, which encompasses the history and sociology of science and the interaction of science with society as a whole.1 Anomalists will find the discovery narrative engrossing and the whole book rewarding, well worth coping with the occasional technicalities. Lay readers should likewise appreciate Part 1 and will miss little of importance to them by scanning Part 2 more rapidly. Cosmic Rain is really several books in (...)
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  37.  11
    Counterpoint to Walach's Review of The Real Anthony Fauci. Bill Gates, Big Pharma, and the Global War on Democracy and Public Health by Robert F. Kennedy, Jr. [REVIEW]Robert Bobrow - 2022 - Journal of Scientific Exploration 36 (1).
    At age 77, I can remember polio. I was terrified of it. Everybody was. A child in perfectly good health suddenly got a fever and the next morning was paralyzed for life. Everyone knew someone who had it. Then a vaccine came out, and this was a Wonderful Thing. Parents eagerly lined up their children to receive it, and nobody questioned this, as polio was obviously worse than the vaccine could ever be. Republican or Democrat, you did not want to (...)
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  38.  6
    Toward a New Theory of Earth Crustal Displacement.Mark Carlotto - 2022 - Journal of Scientific Exploration 36 (1).
    Snapshot/Lay Summary—In 1958 Charles Hapgood proposed that mass imbalances created by a buildup of polar ice could displace the earth’s crust over the mantle and that resulting pole shifts were the cause of catastrophic climate changes and ice ages. We contrast the first part of his theory with plate tectonics and true polar wander and propose a new mechanism that is triggered by short-term reversals of the geomagnetic field that “unlock” the crust from the mantle, driven by earth–moon–sun tidal forces, (...)
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  39. JSE 36:1 Spring 2022 Whole Issue PDF.Kathleen E. Erickson - 2022 - Journal of Scientific Exploration 36 (1).
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  40.  1
    Psychology and the Paranormal by David F. Marks.James E. Kennedy - 2022 - Journal of Scientific Exploration 36 (1).
    David Marks’ previous book about the paranormal and other earlier writings established his reputation as a firm skeptic. He wrote the current book in order to learn about new developments in paranormal research during the past 20 years. The overall conclusion in this book is that Marks now believes that spontaneous paranormal phenomena may occur, but psi is a spontaneous process that cannot be controlled and demonstrated in laboratory experiments. His belief that instances of spontaneous psi may occur is based (...)
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  41. Scrutinizing the Relationship Between Subjective Anomalous Experiences and Psychotic Symptoms.Álex Escolà-Gascón & Jordi Rusiñol Estragues - 2022 - Journal of Scientific Exploration 36 (1).
    This research was exploratory and its main objective was to analyze whether anomalous experiences related to parapsychology had similar statistical behavior to psychotic-like experiences. If psi phenomena have a different ontology from psychotic-like experiences, then they should have a different statistical representation and measurement. In this hypothetical scenario, there would be empirical-statistical grounds for discriminating between psychotic perceptual distortions and anomalous experiences without clinical origin. Different clinical variables common in psychotic disorders were measured in 562 participants. Psychotic-like experiences and anomalous (...)
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  42.  1
    Editor's Preface to the Commentaries About the Leininger Case.James Houran - 2022 - Journal of Scientific Exploration 36 (1).
    The popularity of ‘survival-related’ research over recent years has been accompanied by critical discussions by parapsychologists, as well as intense debates between advocates and skeptics. Of course, these are not unexpected trends with highly controversial topics that can also challenge the belief systems of investigators and commentators. The correspondence below thus underscores the importance of methodology and rules of evidence relative to reincarnation-type cases.
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  43.  1
    Do the ‘Valentine’s Day Blues’ Exist? A Legacy Report on a Purported Psychological Phenomenon.Rense Lange, Ilona Jerabek & Neil Dagnall - 2022 - Journal of Scientific Exploration 36 (1).
    The ‘Valentine’s Day Blues’ is an enduring concept rooted in pop psychology that has unfortunately received little empirical attention. On this point, it is commonly assumed that the increasing commodification of romance plus the social trappings of Valentine’s Day can elicit stresses similar to those evoked by traditional holidays. Thus, women’s greater experience of ‘mattering’ and greater tendencies towards depression and rumination should place women at a greater risk of ‘Valentine’s Day Blues’ than men. Accordingly, when no Valentine’s Day gift (...)
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  44.  1
    Clarifying Muddied Waters, Part 1: A Secure Timeline for the James Leininger Case.James G. Matlock - 2022 - Journal of Scientific Exploration 36 (1).
    Drawing on dated emails and unpublished materials unavailable to Michael Sudduth, this paper establishes a secure, detailed timeline for the James Leininger reincarnation case. This secure timeline invalidates the timeline used by Sudduth in his critique of the case, while validating that of the Leininger family and investigator Jim Tucker. Links are provided to PDFs of supporting documents posted to the Psi Open Data repository.
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  45. Isotope Ratios and Chemical Analysis of the 1957 Brazilian Ubatuba Fragment.Robert M. Powell, Michael Swords, Mark Rodeghier & Phyllis Budinger - 2022 - Journal of Scientific Exploration 36 (1).
    A sample from the Ubatuba fragment collected in Brazil in 1957 was tested with the intent of examining the isotope ratios of its primary element, magnesium, and the trace elements strontium, barium, copper, and zinc. As background, the history of chemical testing of the Ubatuba fragments during the 1960s-1980s at multiple labs with varying capabilities is reviewed and then the remainder of the paper examines recent tests completed in 2017 and 2018 that for the first time used HR-ICPMS techniques to (...)
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  46.  3
    The Badlands Guardian: A Human Portrait with Feathered Headdress.William Saunders, George Haas, James Miller, Keith Morgan & Michael Dale - 2022 - Journal of Scientific Exploration 36 (1).
    This is an analysis of a large facial formation set within a glacial moraine along the southeast corner of Alberta, Canada, known as the Badlands Guardian. The formation is presented in one aerial and three satellite images acquired over the past 70 years by the Alberta Department of Lands & Forests and Google Earth. The images reveal a profiled portrait of a human head wearing a feathered headdress. The facial features include an eye, nose, mouth, chin, neck, and jawline. The (...)
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  47.  4
    Response to Jim Tucker.Michael Sudduth - 2022 - Journal of Scientific Exploration 36 (1).
    Let me begin by thanking Jim Tucker for offering his thoughts on my JSE paper on the James Leininger case. I appreciate his clarifying his interpretation of several of the facts in the case, as well as his providing further context to some of them. I also appreciate his acknowledgement of Bruce Leininger’s authorship of the 2003 chronology which I uncovered in my investigation and made use of in my paper. That’s all helpful. For the rest, I wish I could (...)
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  48.  11
    Response to Sudduth’s “James Leininger Case Re-Examined”.Jim Tucker - 2022 - Journal of Scientific Exploration 36 (1).
    In the last issue, Michael Sudduth presented a reexamination of the case of James Leininger, who as a young boy appeared to remember the life of James Huston, a pilot killed during World War II. Sudduth clearly put a tremendous amount of time into exploring the case. Unfortunately, his report is filled with distortions, mischaracterizations, and at times, outright misinformation. There are too many instances to list every one, but large and small, they all contribute to an inaccurate picture that (...)
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  49.  2
    Some Reflections on Bobrow's Counterpoint to Walach's Review.Harald Walach - 2022 - Journal of Scientific Exploration 36 (1).
    I am grateful for Robert S. Bobrow’s “Counterpoint”. Discourse and controversy are essential elements, both of science and of finding political consensus. Both have suffered immensely over the last two years. And in my view, this has to do with the subtle mechanisms of censoring installed. Dissenting voices are silenced, in the media and in academia. Political opinion is no longer a free, consensus seeking debate. All is put under the umbrella of “unity for fighting the pandemic”. I think the (...)
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  50. Panspermia Versus Abiogenesis: A Clash of Cultures.Chandra Wickramasinghe - 2022 - Journal of Scientific Exploration 36 (1).
    We are too often led to believe that strident denunciations of an unorthodox position in science are always based upon rational argument and irrefutable fact. This is clearly not so in many instances, one of which relates to panspermia and the dispersal of life throughout the universe. We are led to believe that from the beginning of the enlightenment in Europe in the 17th and 18th centuries CE, science has moved forward with an abandonment of all forms of irrational prejudice. (...)
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  51.  10
    After: A Doctor Explores What Near-Death Experiences Reveal About Life and Beyond by Bruce Greyson.John B. Alexander - 2022 - Journal of Scientific Exploration 35 (4).
    After portrays the epic journey of a true skeptic who chose to follow the data rather than reject seemingly fantastical accounts from his patients. It is an account of transformation while maintaining a thoughtful balance accommodating both spiritual and material worldviews. Spurred on by serendipitous events, uniquely Greyson has spent more than four decades chasing the previously inexplicable, and gossamer-like, but tantalizing glimpses of what was reported to be the continuation of consciousness beyond physical existence. There have been a number (...)
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  52.  6
    The Essential Guide to the Loch Ness Monster and Other Aquatic Cryptids by Ken Gerhard.Henry Bauer - 2022 - Journal of Scientific Exploration 35 (4).
    This is a readable overview of reports of unidentified aquatic creatures in the oceans and in freshwater, and it can be a useful introduction for people who have not previously read much about this subject. Cryptozoologists, however, will find nothing new here; the treatment is purely descriptive rather than analytical and critical. A nice Foreword by Steve Feltham, in residence at Loch Ness for 30 years looking for Nessies, includes the important point that the number of actual sightings is a (...)
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  53.  9
    Unfathomed Dangers From Aluminum — Alzheimer's? Autism? Multiple Sclerosis?Henry Bauer - 2022 - Journal of Scientific Exploration 35 (4).
    That aluminum is fatally toxic is beyond doubt, demonstrated by mass human poisoning at Camelford in Cornwall in Britain in 1988 and by occasional fish kills. Aluminum may also be a contributing factor in a number of human diseases, in particular those involving brain and nerves — autism, Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s disease, multiple sclerosis. Aluminum salts used in kidney dialysis may be responsible for dialysis-related encephalopathy. Aluminum adjuvants in vaccine can cause macrophagic myofasciitis as well as such whole-body ailments as (...)
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  54.  7
    THE Most Important Book About Climate Change. Unsettled: What Climate Science Tells Us, What It Doesn’T, and Why It Matters by Steven E. Koonin.Henry Bauer - 2022 - Journal of Scientific Exploration 35 (4).
    If you want to know the facts about global warming and climate change, if you want to reach your own informed opinion about what should be done about it, this is the book to read. All relevant facts are presented clearly, very much including the historical records together with scrupulous citing of primary sources, among which the official published reports, international and national, feature prominently. The author’s credentials for this work could hardly be more impressive. Steven Koonin has been a (...)
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  55.  8
    Farewell Missives.Stephen Braude - 2022 - Journal of Scientific Exploration 35 (4).
    This is a particularly rich issue of the JSE. And a hefty one. Its size is due primarily to two quite lengthy essays, one by Bryan Williams and one by Michael Sudduth. Of course, all of this issue’s articles and reviews are worth reading; that’s why we’re publishing them. But these two huge essays merit a few extra comments. Bryan Williams has given us something that I and various SSE members have hoped for over the years, a detailed review of (...)
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  56.  4
    Advances in Parapsychological Research 10 Edited by Stanley Krippner, Adam J. Rock, Harris L. Friedman, and Nancy L. Zingrone. [REVIEW]Damien Broderick - 2022 - Journal of Scientific Exploration 35 (4).
    It’s been a long, strange road, especially for those who died but came back for another circuit, or remained alive and pursued mystic abilities for secret national intelligence service sponsors, or carefully tried to influence the past or forecast the future, or struggled with quantum theory because it looked eerily similar to magic in its weirdness even though mathematical experts denied any meaningful resemblance. Since 1977, this tussling with the improbable has been tracked in a series of volumes edited by (...)
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  57.  6
    The Believer: Alien Encounters, Hard Science, and the Passion of John Mack by Ralph Blumenthal.Eddie Bullard - 2022 - Journal of Scientific Exploration 35 (4).
    I remember the golden era of UFO abduction research. In 1966 John G. Fuller published The Interrupted Journey and suddenly everyone seemed to know the strange story of Barney and Betty Hill taken from their car by aliens and subjected to medical examinations aboard a flying saucer. The whole town talked about it, so did the whole country. Only ufologists held back, having learned the hard way that the more sensational a UFO story sounded, the more likely it stood on (...)
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  58.  1
    Archaeological Artifacts From the Stone Age Solve the Mystery of the First Native Americans.Dae Jung Byun - 2022 - Journal of Scientific Exploration 35 (4).
    Many scholars have sought to uncover the mysteries relating to the origins of the earliest Native Americans. Among many hypotheses, the Beringian Standstill Hypothesis and the Kelp Highway Hypothesis claim that the first Native Americans stayed in Beringia during the Last Glacial Maximum, before migrating to the New World by boat as the climate warmed. Unfortunately, neither hypothesis was devised with tangible supporting evidence, such as archaeological artifacts; as such, both remain controversial. To address this issue, this paper compares and (...)
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  59.  1
    JSE 35:4 Winter 2021 Whole Issue PDF.Kathleen E. Erickson - 2022 - Journal of Scientific Exploration 35 (4).
    Journal of Scientific Exploration Whole Issue PDF.
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  60.  13
    The Science of Spirit: Parapsychology, Enlightenment and Evolution by Luis Portela.Robert Ginsberg - 2022 - Journal of Scientific Exploration 35 (4).
    When one sees an opening chapter entitled “From Science to Love” it begs for further reading. After all, for most these are incongruent terms that represent two seemingly opposite sides in a debate, logic, and systematic evaluation vs. emotion. There have been many books written about the convergence of science and spirituality, and one cannot help but notice how some of today’s physicists are sounding more like spiritualists than scientists, but Dr. Portola uses this platform as wake up call for (...)
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  61.  2
    Smile of the Universe: Miracles in an Age of Disbelief by Michael Grosso.Todd Hayen - 2022 - Journal of Scientific Exploration 35 (4).
    Smile of the Universe by Michael Grosso is a delightful book filled with magic and intrigue for the inquisitive reader. Grosso starts our journey with citing many historical events that have been deemed “miraculous” not only by the Catholic church, which seems to have had the corner on miracles since the Church’s beginnings, but also those that fall out of the realm of organized religion. What made this book delightful for me is that Grosso’s own particular interest in miracles resonates (...)
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  62. Effects of Background Context for Objects in Photographic Targets on Remote Viewing Performance.Debra Lynne Katz, James D. Lane & Michelle Bulgatz - 2022 - Journal of Scientific Exploration 35 (4).
    Photographic images of physical objects are common targets in remote viewing projects today. This exploratory experiment investigated whether the background within which the object is positioned may impact the accuracy of remote viewing. Twelve experienced remote viewers each completed 30 open-response, triple-blind remote viewing trials, requiring them to utilize extrasensory perception to describe the photographic image they would receive via email a few days later. Investigators created a photographic target pool of complex objects set within one of three background conditions: (...)
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  63.  14
    Rethinking Consciousness: Extraordinary Challenges for Contemporary Science Edited by John H. Buchanan and Christopher M. Aanstoos.Edward F. Kelly - 2022 - Journal of Scientific Exploration 35 (4).
    This slender volume is the twentieth member of a series entitled “Toward Ecological Civilization,” organized under the leadership of distinguished process philosopher and process theologian John B. Cobb, Jr. It grew directly from the 10th Whitehead International Conference, held in Claremont, California, in June 2015, and more particularly from a single conference track devoted specifically to various kinds of “extraordinary experiences” that directly challenge the materialist/physicalist worldview which arose in the 17th century and still dominates the contemporary scientific, educational, and (...)
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  64. Remembering Carlos S. Alvarado.Alfonso Martinez-Taboas - 2022 - Journal of Scientific Exploration 35 (4).
    I have remote but clear memories about the first time that I met Carlos S. Alvarado. It was in 1972. He was 17 and I 19 years old. Let me explain why we met at so young an age. In 1972 I was a member of the Society for Psychical Research. By that time, I was intellectually precocious and had already read about 200 books and many journals on psychical research or parapsychology. However, I felt completely alone: Nobody in Puerto (...)
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  65.  1
    Nailing Jelly: The Replication Problem Seems to Be Unsurmountable. Two Failed Replications of the Matrix Experiment.Harald Walach, Karolina A. Kirmse, Peter Sedlmeier, Hans Vogt, Thilo Hinterberger & Walter von Lucadou - 2022 - Journal of Scientific Exploration 35 (4).
    We have reported previously on positive effects found in the matrix experiment. This is a setup where a random event generator drives a display, which participants are instructed to “influence” at will, i.e., in a psychokinesis setup. The difference of this matrix experiment from standard micro-PK REG experiments was that the deviation from randomness was not measured, but a large array of 2025 correlations between the behavior of the participant and the behavior of the REG was tested. This previous experiment (...)
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  66.  2
    Minding the Matter of Psychokinesis: A Review of Proof- and Process-Oriented Experimental Findings Related to Mental Influence on Random Number Generators. [REVIEW]Bryan J. Williams - 2022 - Journal of Scientific Exploration 35 (4).
    Many experiments have been conducted over the past eight decades to explore whether the ostensible psychic ability of psychokinesis might be a genuine human potential, and the most extensive of these have involved attempts to mentally influence the output of electronic, binary-bit random number generators. Research of this type can generally be divided into two lines: proof-oriented and process-oriented. To help orient novice investigators and cross-disciplinary researchers who may be considering work along these lines, this paper provides a general review (...)
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