NanoEthics

ISSNs: 1871-4757, 1871-4765

14 found

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  1.  11
    Reflections on Perspectives of Transhumanism, Buddhist Transhumanism, and Buddhist Modernism on the Self.Vera Borrmann - 2023 - NanoEthics 17 (3):1-6.
    A claim made by Buddhist or Buddhism-affine scholars such as Michael LaTorra and James Hughes is that transhumanism, neuroscience, and the teachings of Buddhism are compatible because they aim to alleviate suffering and pain and attain a stable state of happiness. This claim can be challenged. At first glance, the approach seems valid, because since the 1980s there have been dialogues and scientific collaborations with representatives of Tibetan Buddhism and scientists on the topics of neuroscience, consciousness, ethics and technology, and (...)
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  2.  2
    Spontaneous Comparison of Nanotechnology and Controversial Objects among Laypersons, Scientists and Environmentalists.Maïté Brunel, Céline Launay, Maryelle Henry, Nadine Cascino, Jacques Py & Valérie Le Floch - 2023 - NanoEthics 17 (3):1-8.
    Nanotechnologies are a controversial topic, as they seem promising but also cause concern. Previous research has highlighted the potential link between nanotechnologies and other hazardous technologies. The aim of this research was to analyse the discourse on this topic by three groups of participants: laypersons, scientists and environmentalists. Thirty-four people (13 laypersons, ten scientists and eleven environmentalists) were interviewed using a semi-structured interview. Lexical and thematic analyses showed that scientists engage in explanatory discourse and perceive fewer risks than laypersons and (...)
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  3.  3
    Correction: Gene Drives as Interventions into Nature: the Coproduction of Ontology and Morality in the Gene Drive Debate.Keje Boersma, Bernice Bovenkerk & David Ludwig - 2023 - NanoEthics 17 (2):1-1.
  4.  11
    A Framework for Future-Oriented Assessment of Converging Technologies at National Level.Sepehr Ghazinoory, Mehdi Fatemi, Fatemeh Saghafi, Abbas Ali Ahmadian & Shiva Tatina - 2023 - NanoEthics 17 (2):1-28.
    Converging technologies require intelligent policy-making as they have significant capabilities to develop disruptive innovations. In this regard, future-oriented technology assessment is vital given the great uncertainty about the consequences of and barriers to accessing these technologies. However, few frameworks have been developed to evaluate converging technologies, and most of those have neglected the unique dimensions of these technologies. Therefore, this study aims to provide a policymaking framework for converging technology development. Accordingly, the proposed framework is designed through a meta-synthesis of (...)
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  5.  3
    Nano-hydroxyapatite Before the Science Court.Frederick C. Klaessig - 2023 - NanoEthics 17 (2):1-28.
    In October 2015, the European Union’s Scientific Committee on Consumer Safety issued a Preliminary Opinion on Hydroxyapatite (nano). Past industrial experience with this material and participation in ISO/TC-229, Nanotechnologies, led me to submit comments on the Committee’s interpretations of physico-chemical properties, especially solubility, that in retrospect were also probing of the Committee’s collective understanding of nanomaterials. The Committee’s responses are examined against a background of other Opinions issued in the same time period. The expert’s role and responsibility, whether as an (...)
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  6.  4
    Does It Make Sense to Professionalize and Institutionalize Citizen Science?Dana Mahr - 2023 - NanoEthics 17 (2):1-5.
    In this article, I share an anecdote about citizen science and use it to reflect on this rapidly growing field of scientific activity, its funding, and its governance. The paper focuses particularly on the epistemic and social challenges that accompany increasing demands for professionalization and institutionalization of the Citizen Sciences.
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  7.  3
    Rethinking the Goals and Values of Nanoart During the War: an Artists’ Statement.Yana Suchikova & Serhii Kovachov - 2023 - NanoEthics 17 (2):1-11.
    In this study, we analyze the development conditions of and trends in Ukrainian scientific art during the ongoing war with the Russian Federation. Based on our own experience, we demonstrate how the emphasis, values, and goals of scientific art shift under martial law. We also highlight the challenges and difficulties faced by Ukrainian artists and researchers who found themselves in the occupied territories. Our own experience involves the promotion of the scientific and artistic project “Nanoart. Science is art” and its (...)
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  8.  4
    Implicit Values in the Recent Carbon Nanotube Debate.Nicholas Surber, Rickard Arvidsson, Karl de Fine Licht & Karl Palmås - 2023 - NanoEthics 17 (2):1-16.
    Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) are one of the first examples of nanotechnology, with a history of promising uses and high expectations. This paper uses the recent debate over their future to explore both ethical and value-laden statements which unsettle the notion of CNTs as a value-free nanotechnology and their regulation as purely a technical affair. A point of departure is made with the inclusion of CNTs on the Substitute-It-Now list by the Swedish NGO ChemSec, an assessment process that anticipates and complements (...)
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  9.  5
    Digital Sequence Information and the Access and Benefit-Sharing Obligation of the Convention on Biological Diversity.Frank Irikefe Akpoviri, Syarul Nataqain Baharum & Zinatul Ashiqin Zainol - 2023 - NanoEthics 17 (1):1-33.
    With the advent of synthetic biology, scientists are increasingly relying on digital sequence information, instead of physical genetic resources. This article examines the potential impact of this shift on the access and benefit-sharing (ABS) regime of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) and the Nagoya Protocol. These treaties require benefit-sharing with the owners of genetic resources. However, whether “genetic resources” include digital sequence information is unsettled. The CBD conceives genetic resources as genetic material containing functional units of heredity. “Material” implies (...)
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  10. Modifying the Environment or Human Nature? What is the Right Choice for Space Travel and Mars Colonisation?Maurizio Balistreri & Steven Umbrello - 2023 - NanoEthics 17 (1):1-13.
    As space travel and intentions to colonise other planets are becoming the norm in public debate and scholarship, we must also confront the technical and survival challenges that emerge from these hostile environments. This paper aims to evaluate the various arguments proposed to meet the challenges of human space travel and extraterrestrial planetary colonisation. In particular, two primary solutions have been present in the literature as the most straightforward solutions to the rigours of extraterrestrial survival and flourishing: (1) geoengineering, where (...)
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  11.  11
    Gene Drives as Interventions into Nature: the Coproduction of Ontology and Morality in the Gene Drive Debate.Keje Boersma, Bernice Bovenkerk & David Ludwig - 2023 - NanoEthics 17 (1):1-25.
    Gene drives are potentially ontologically and morally disruptive technologies. The potential to shape evolutionary processes and to eradicate (e.g. malaria-transmitting or invasive) populations raises ontological questions about evolution, nature, and wilderness. The transformative promises and perils of gene drives also raise pressing ethical and political concerns. The aim of this article is to arrive at a better understanding of the gene drive debate by analysing how ontological and moral assumptions are coproduced in this debate. Combining philosophical analysis with a critical (...)
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  12.  4
    Talking About Responsible Quantum: “Awareness Is the Absolute Minimum that … We Need to Do”.Tara Roberson - 2023 - NanoEthics 17 (1):1-12.
    Hype over novel quantum technologies has prompted discussion on the likely societal impacts of the sector. Calls to ensure the responsible development of quantum technologies are complicated by a lack of concrete case studies or real-world examples of irresponsible quantum. At this stage, responsible quantum faces a situation reminiscent of the Collingridge dilemma. In this dilemma, the moment in which discussion on societal risks and benefits can be most impactful is also the time when the least information is available. The (...)
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  13.  6
    The Ethical Status of Germline Gene Editing in Future Space Missions: The Special Case of Positive Selection on Earth for Future Space Missions.Konrad Szocik - 2023 - NanoEthics 17 (1):1-10.
    There are good theoretical rationales for considering germline gene editing (GGE) as a recommended and perhaps even necessary procedure for future long-term human space missions. This paper examines the arguments for applying GGE in a hypothetical future scenario where future parents living on Earth make decisions about applying GGE to their future children with the goal of allowing them to participate in space missions. The paper presents an ethical rationale for GGE. The paper also recognizes an area of potential moral (...)
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  14.  6
    The Ethics of Technology: How Can Indigenous Thought Contribute?John Weckert & Rogelio Bayod - 2023 - NanoEthics 17 (1):1-13.
    The ethics of technology is not as effective as it should. Despite decades of ethical discussion, development and use of new technologies continues apace without much regard to those discussions. Economic and other forces are too powerful. More focus needs to be placed on the values that underpin social attitudes to technology. By seriously looking at Indigenous thought and comparing it with the typical Western way of seeing the world, we can gain a better understanding of our own views. The (...)
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