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  1.  1
    Recensione di D.M. Wegner, L'illusione della volontà cosciente.Alberto Giovanni Biuso - 2020 - Rivista Internazionale di Filosofia e Psicologia 11 (3):422-423.
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  2.  3
    L’impianto cocleare come potenziatore cognitivo? Una prospettiva neuroetica sulle obiezioni della comunità sorda.Claudia Bonfiglioli & Francesco Pavani - 2020 - Rivista Internazionale di Filosofia e Psicologia 11 (3):283-306.
    Riassunto: L’impianto cocleare è una neuroprotesi che consente un recupero parziale dell’udito nella persona sorda. Nonostante la sua generale efficacia nel contrastare alcuni dei problemi legati alla sordità, il suo utilizzo è stato fortemente osteggiato da quella parte della comunità sorda che vede nella sordità una forma di identità culturale e non una patologia. Questo articolo inquadra in una prospettiva neuroetica le preoccupazioni della comunità sorda – difficilmente comprensibili agli udenti – esaminando le analogie fra il rifiuto dell’IC e il (...)
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  3.  2
    Out of Body. Language, Emotions and Art in Vygotsky’s "Notebooks".Felice Cimatti - 2020 - Rivista Internazionale di Filosofia e Psicologia 11 (3):264-282.
    : According to the extended mind thesis, the human mind is not limited by the boundaries of the body. In this paper, we propose a description of human emotions based on two distinct theories, not usually considered together: Vygotsky’s historical-cultural psychology and Chomsky’s theory of language. Together these two perspectives allow us to construct a global theory of extended mind that considers emotions to be artificial entities that have a specific “biological” goal and are external to the body. In the (...)
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  4.  2
    Ethical and Cognitive Challenges in the COVID-19 Emergency.Chiara Lucifora & Gustavo Cevolani - 2020 - Rivista Internazionale di Filosofia e Psicologia 11 (3):327-340.
    The global emergency caused by the spread of COVID-19 raises critical challenges for individuals and communities on many different levels. In particular, politicians, scientists, physicians, and other professionals may face new ethical dilemmas and cognitive constraints as they make critical decisions in extraordinary circumstances. Philosophers and cognitive scientists have long analyzed and discussed such issues. An example is the debate on moral decision making in imaginary scenarios, such as the famous “Trolley Problem”. Similarly, dramatic and consequential decisions are realized daily (...)
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  5.  20
    The Cognitive Impenetrability of Early Vision: What’s the Claim?Jack Lyons - 2020 - Rivista Internazionale di Filosofia e Psicologia 11 (3):372-384.
    Raftopoulos’s most recent book argues, among other things, for the cognitive impenetrability of early vision. Before we can assess any such claims, we need to know what’s meant by “early vision” and by “cognitive penetration”. In this contribution to this book symposium, I explore several different things that one might mean – indeed, that Raftopoulos might mean – by these terms. I argue that whatever criterion we choose for delineating early vision, we need a single criterion, not a mishmash of (...)
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  6.  2
    The Epistemic Role of Early Vision: Cognitive Penetration and Attentional Selection.Francesco Marchi - 2020 - Rivista Internazionale di Filosofia e Psicologia 11 (3):385-396.
    : In this article I discuss Athanasios Raftopoulos’ view on the epistemic role of attention and early vision, as outlined in his most recent book. I start by examining his view on attention, which he illustrates during his discussion of structured cognitive contents and their interactions with perceptual contents, as well as during his discussion of selection effects. According to Raftopoulos, attention not only operates pre-perceptual input selection, but also influences perceptual processing during late vision biasing the sampling of the (...)
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  7. Commercial Content Moderation: An Opaque Maze for Freedom of Expression and Customers’ Opinions.Paolo Petricca - 2020 - Rivista Internazionale di Filosofia e Psicologia 11 (3):307-326.
    : The present work analyses Content Moderation, focusing on ethical concerns and cognitive effects. Starting from a general description and history of the moderation process, it stresses some ethical problems: quality of moderation, transparency, and the working conditions of human moderators. Using some of Facebook leaked slides offering examples of moderation, we define some controversial rules and principles for Commercial Content Moderation. These examples highlight a general lack of coherency and transparency, which has the potential to affect users’ cognitive attitudes, (...)
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  8.  1
    Reply to Symposiasts.Athanasios Raftopoulos - 2020 - Rivista Internazionale di Filosofia e Psicologia 11 (3):397-419.
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  9. Précis of "Cognitive Penetrability and the Epistemic Role of Perception".Athanasios Raftopoulos - 2020 - Rivista Internazionale di Filosofia e Psicologia 11 (3):355-362.
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  10.  1
    Recensione di G. Baggio, F. Caruana, A. Parravicini, M. Viola (a Cura di), Emozioni. Da Darwin Al Pragmatismo.Matteo Santarelli - 2020 - Rivista Internazionale di Filosofia e Psicologia 11 (3):420-421.
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  11. Cognitive Penetrability and Late Vision.Alberto Voltolini - 2020 - Rivista Internazionale di Filosofia e Psicologia 11 (3):363-371.
    : In Cognitive penetrability and the epistemic role of perception Athanasios Raftopoulos provides a new defense of the thesis that, unlike early vision, late vision is cognitively penetrable, in accordance with a new definition of cognitive penetrability that is centered on the ideas of direct influence of cognition upon perception and of the epistemic role of perception. This new definition allows him to maintain that late vision is a genuinely perceptive stage of the perceptual process. In this paper, I try (...)
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  12.  1
    Il deficit pragmatico a seguito di TCE: un approccio fenomenologico alla riabilitazione.Elia Zanin & Alec Vestri - 2020 - Rivista Internazionale di Filosofia e Psicologia 11 (3):341-354.
    Riassunto: Tra i disturbi del linguaggio, il deficit di tipo pragmatico viene spesso osservato nelle persone a seguito di trauma cranio-encefalico. Nonostante sia negletta nella pratica clinica, questa componente gioca un ruolo centrale nella qualità di vita di persone con TCE. L’aspetto peculiare del deficit di tipo pragmatico è la sua natura intrinsecamente connessa sia ad altre capacità di tipo cognitivo che relazionali delle persone fin nella storia pre-morbosa. L’obiettivo di questo lavoro è proporre un punto di vista teorico che, (...)
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  13.  6
    Oltre l’etica: un approccio antropodecentrico all’intelligenza artificiale.Selenia Anastasi & Alberto Giovanni Biuso - 2020 - Rivista Internazionale di Filosofia e Psicologia 11 (2):251-258.
    Riassunto: Sviluppandosi sul piano della “prevenzione del rischio”, dei “livelli di controllo” in fase di programmazione e del possibile inserimento dei cosiddetti “algoritmi etici”, il dibattito sul presente e il futuro dell’Intelligenza Artificiale, ha favorito nel corso degli anni la creazione di una sempre più profonda spaccatura tra discipline “tecniche” e saperi “umanistici”, tra il dominio del “fare” e il dominio del “pensare”. Prendendo atto di questa sterile distanza, occorre mettere in questione i metodi dell’etica e interrogarsi sull’efficacia e l’utilità (...)
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  14.  5
    The Habit of Massively Multiplayer Online Role-Playing Games (MMORPGs): A Phenomenological Analysis of Bodily Self-Perception in Gaming Addiction.Marsia Santa Barbera & Willem Ferdinand Geradus Haselager - 2020 - Rivista Internazionale di Filosofia e Psicologia 11 (2):190-210.
    : We investigate the role played by bodily self-perception and social self-presentation in addiction to massively multiplayer online role-playing games. In this paper we will develop the hypothesis that, at least in some cases, the habit of role-playing can be interpreted as a response to gamers’ need to explore a different bodily self-identity. Players tend to become deeply involved in this kind of game, especially in the character identity creation process. Participants might see and seek reflections of their desired selves (...)
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  15.  5
    Inspiring Robots: Developmental Trajectories of Gaze Following in Humans.Roberta Fadda, Sara Congiu, Giuseppe Doneddu & Tricia Striano - 2020 - Rivista Internazionale di Filosofia e Psicologia 11 (2):211-222.
    : The ability to respond to gaze cueing is essential for successful social interactions and social learning. An active area of research in human robot interactions focuses on the computational encoding of biologically realistic gaze cueing responses in robots. Studies of human development are a primary source of guidance for this field of research. The investigation of how perceived gazes constrain the developmental trajectories of visual attention in humans from childhood to adulthood might reveal important factors to implement realistic gaze (...)
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  16.  5
    Book-Review of O. Luminet, R.M. Bagby, G.J. Taylor (Eds.), Alexithymia: Advances in Research, Theory, and Clinical Practice. [REVIEW]Giulia Gaggero - 2020 - Rivista Internazionale di Filosofia e Psicologia 11 (2):261-263.
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  17.  5
    Driven Towards a Moral Crash.Antoni Lorente - 2020 - Rivista Internazionale di Filosofia e Psicologia 11 (2):223-237.
    : Accidents will survive the outbreak of driverless cars, but their moral implications will suffer substantial changes. The decision made today by a human in a fraction of a second will eventually be replaced by an algorithm subject to moral scrutiny. This not only raises the question of how the algorithm should work, or whether alternatives solutions are indeed comparable, but also changes the essence of the problem: from ascertaining liability to defining desired outcomes. In this paper, I first contest (...)
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  18.  11
    Moral Dilemmas in Self-Driving Cars.Chiara Lucifora, Giorgio Mario Grasso, Pietro Perconti & Alessio Plebe - 2020 - Rivista Internazionale di Filosofia e Psicologia 11 (2):238-250.
    : Autonomous driving systems promise important changes for future of transport, primarily through the reduction of road accidents. However, ethical concerns, in particular, two central issues, will be key to their successful development. First, situations of risk that involve inevitable harm to passengers and/or bystanders, in which some individuals must be sacrificed for the benefit of others. Secondly, and identification responsible parties and liabilities in the event of an accident. Our work addresses the first of these ethical problems. We are (...)
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  19.  9
    Artificial Intelligences as Extended Minds. Why Not?Gianfranco Pellegrino & Mirko Daniel Garasic - 2020 - Rivista Internazionale di Filosofia e Psicologia 11 (2):150-168.
    : Artificial intelligences and robots increasingly mimic human mental powers and intelligent behaviour. However, many authors claim that ascribing human mental powers to them is both conceptually mistaken and morally dangerous. This article defends the view that artificial intelligences can have human-like mental powers, by claiming that both human and artificial minds can be seen as extended minds – along the lines of Chalmers and Clark’s view of mind and cognition. The main idea of this article is that the Extended (...)
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  20.  3
    Recensione di G. Ferretti, S. Zipoli Caiani, Vedere e agire. Come occhio e cervello costruiscono il mondo.Marco Viola - 2020 - Rivista Internazionale di Filosofia e Psicologia 11 (2):259-261.
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  21.  7
    Extended Mind and the Brain-Computer Interface. A Pluralist Approach to the Human-Computer Integration.Federico Zilio - 2020 - Rivista Internazionale di Filosofia e Psicologia 11 (2):169-189.
    : This paper uses Extended Mind Theory to explore Brain-Computer Interfaces, demonstrating how this conceptual framework provides a wide-ranging interpretation of the potential integration of user and computer. After a preliminary analysis of first- and second-wave EMT arguments and other pragmatic criteria, I present BCI technology, addressing the issues that arise. Can BCIs extend our mental processes and to what degree? What EMT criteria should be applied to this technology? What is the role of the body in the process of (...)
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  22.  10
    Fodor on Imagistic Mental Representations.Daniel C. Burnston - 2020 - Rivista Internazionale di Filosofia e Psicologia 11 (1):71-94.
    : Fodor’s view of the mind is thoroughly computational. This means that the basic kind of mental entity is a “discursive” mental representation and operations over this kind of mental representation have broad architectural scope, extending out to the edges of perception and the motor system. However, in multiple epochs of his work, Fodor attempted to define a functional role for non-discursive, imagistic representation. I describe and critique his two considered proposals. The first view says that images play a particular (...)
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  23.  5
    Explanatory Organization and Psychiatric Resilience: Challenges to a Mechanistic Approach to Mental Disorders.Raffaella Campaner - 2020 - Rivista Internazionale di Filosofia e Psicologia 11 (1):128-144.
    : This contribution aims to address epistemological issues at the crossroads of philosophy of science and psychiatry by reflecting on the notions of organization and resilience. Referring to the debate on the notion of “organization” and its explanatory relevance in philosophical neo-mechanistic theories, I consider how such positions hold up when tentatively applied to the mental health context. More specifically, I show how reflections on psychiatric resilience, cognitive reserve, and accommodation strategies challenge attempts to embrace a mechanistic perspective on mental (...)
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  24.  3
    Defense Mechanisms: From the Individual to the Collective Level.Rossella Guerini & Massimo Marraffa - 2020 - Rivista Internazionale di Filosofia e Psicologia 11 (1):95-112.
    : In this article we shall deal with the construction and defense of subjective identity as a topic at the intersection of psychology and anthropology. In this perspective, defense mechanisms are seen as falling along a spectrum that stretches from the individual to the collective level. The individual mind is the sphere of the intrapsychic defenses and the interpersonal maneuvers to which each of us appeals, in the relationship with other people and with one’s own environment, to defend one’s own (...)
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  25.  9
    Coping with Informational Atomism - One of Jerry Fodor’s Legacies.Pierre Jacob - 2020 - Rivista Internazionale di Filosofia e Psicologia 11 (1):19-41.
    : Fodor was passionately unwilling to compromise. Of his several commitments, I focus here on informational atomism. Fodor staunchly rejected semantic holism for two conspiring reasons. He took it to threaten his commitment to the nomic character of psychological explanation. He also took it to pave the way towards relativism, which he found deeply offensive. In this paper, I reconstruct the strands of Fodor’s commitment to the computational version of the representational theory of mind that led him to informational atomism. (...)
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  26.  4
    When the Selfing Process Goes Wrong: Social-Biofeedback, Causal Mechanisms, and Pathological Narcissism.Cristina Meini - 2020 - Rivista Internazionale di Filosofia e Psicologia 11 (1):113-127.
    : In direct opposition to the dominant nativist perspective tracing back to Descartes, William James suggested that the sense of self is constructed through a never-ending process of reflexivity. In more recent years, empirical data from various psychological domains have further strengthened this constructivist perspective. Notably, Gergely and Watson’s social biofeedback model has been proposed as a central mechanism in the development of emotional introspection, which itself constitutes a crucial step in the process leading to a mature sense of self. (...)
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  27.  1
    Recensione di S. Caputo, C. Barbero, Significato. Dalla filosofia analitica alle scienze cognitive. [REVIEW]Elisa Paganini - 2020 - Rivista Internazionale di Filosofia e Psicologia 11 (1):145-147.
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  28.  4
    Recensione di M. Ienca, Intelligenza2. Per un'unione di intelligenza naturale e artificiale.Paolo Petricca - 2020 - Rivista Internazionale di Filosofia e Psicologia 11 (1):147-149.
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  29.  5
    Minds with Meanings.Massimo Piattelli-Palmarini - 2020 - Rivista Internazionale di Filosofia e Psicologia 11 (1):1-18.
    : Jerry Fodor and Zenon Pylyshyn have proposed a purely referential-causal semantics, a semantics without meanings. Adopting Pylyshyn’s previous treatment of the fact that we can perceive and track something before we have any idea of what that is, these authors claim that such causal relations to external entities allow us to word-label them and thereby build an entire lexicon with specific referents. I disagree and explain why I do so. The kind of semantics that I prefer is radically opposite: (...)
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  30.  6
    Object Individuation by Iconic Content: How is Numerosity Represented in Iconic Representation?Athanasios Raftopoulos - 2020 - Rivista Internazionale di Filosofia e Psicologia 11 (1):42-70.
    : Fodor argues that perceptual representations are a subset of iconic representations, which are distinguished from symbolic/discursive representations. Iconic representations are nonconceptual and they do not support the abilities afforded by concepts. Iconic representations, for example, cannot support object individuation. If someone thinks that perception or some of its parts has imagistic NCC, they face the following dilemma. Either they will have to accept that this NCC does not allow for object individuation, but it represents instead conglomerations of properties and (...)
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