Perspectives on Science

ISSN: 1063-6145

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  1.  15
    Coenesthesia or the Immediate Feeling of Existence: Maine de Biran and the Problem of the Unconscious between Physiology and Philosophy.Alessandra Aloisi - 2024 - Perspectives on Science 32 (1):47-69.
    The term “coenesthesia” was introduced at the end of the eighteenth century by the German physiologist Johann Christian Reil to designate the general perception of the living body through the nerves. Over the course of the nineteenth century, this notion circulated widely not only in Germany, but also in France, where it was developed in particular by Théodule Ribot. However, a good sixty years before Ribot, Maine de Biran had already employed the notion of “coenesthesia” to indicate the “immediate feeling (...)
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  2.  11
    Introduction: Maine de Biran and the Afterlives of Biranism.Alessandra Aloisi & Delphine Antoine-Mahut - 2024 - Perspectives on Science 32 (1):1-14.
    The term “coenesthesia” was introduced at the end of the eighteenth century by the German physiologist Johann Christian Reil to designate the general perception of the living body through the nerves. Over the course of the nineteenth century, this notion circulated widely not only in Germany, but also in France, where it was developed in particular by Théodule Ribot. However, a good sixty years before Ribot, Maine de Biran had already employed the notion of “coenesthesia” to indicate the “immediate feeling (...)
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  3.  6
    On the Reform of the First Philosophy: After Leibniz, Maine de Biran.Bernard Baertschi - 2024 - Perspectives on Science 32 (1):15-27.
    Leibniz is one of the philosophers who is most present in the philosophy of Maine de Biran, particularly from 1813 onwards. His influence is decisive in the reform of metaphysics (or First Philosophy) that he carries out from that moment on, reviving the notion of substance. Leibniz allows him to reconcile it with the idea of force, and thus to link it to the primitive fact of consciousness. This move has often been emphasized by commentators, but what has been less (...)
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  4.  6
    Tics, Slips of the Tongue and Habit between Maine de Biran and Victor Egger.Sofia Sandreschi de Robertis - 2024 - Perspectives on Science 32 (1):91-101.
    This article compares the phenomena of “tic” and “slip of the tongue” [lapsus] as they have been described by Maine de Biran and Victor Egger, including a possible reception of Biran’s thought by Egger. In the twentieth century these phenomena will be analysed by psychoanalysts, but their first description appears in nineteenth-century French philosophy. Emerging from the analysis of Biran’s “tics” and Egger’s “slips” in the nineteenth century, the concept of habit becomes linked to a reflection on the unconscious. Tic (...)
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  5.  6
    The Biranian Spiritualism of Alexis Bertrand: A Philosophy of One’s Own Body?Romain Hacques - 2024 - Perspectives on Science 32 (1):70-90.
    Focusing on the reception of Maine de Biran by Alexis Bertrand in his thesis, L’aperception du corps humain par la conscience (1880), I will demonstrate how the “corps propre” (one’s own body) becomes a key concept in order to re-orientate the French spiritualist movement. To do so, Bertrand’s neo-Biranism uses a new methodology with phenomenological issues. The image of the body, the primitive space or the engagement within the world becomes new research themes for spiritualism. His interpretation of Biran’s philosophy (...)
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  6.  14
    Proust on the Subconscious: Psychic Splitting, Half-sleep, and Metempsychosis.Marco Piazza - 2024 - Perspectives on Science 32 (1):127-139.
    This contribution explores the concept of the unconscious as articulated by Proust in his À la recherche du temps perdu (Proust ([1913–1927] 1998–1999) and in a series of documents and texts that preceded it. It aims at understanding whether and to what extent Proust can be placed in a line of French thought that begins with the work of Maine de Biran and culminates in the reception in the second half of the nineteenth century of Biranism by French alienists: doctors (...)
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  7.  13
    Sympathy and Moral Sentiments in Maine de Biran’s Philosophy.Grégoire Sanchez - 2024 - Perspectives on Science 32 (1):28-46.
    The foundation of morality, and mainly, the possibility of moral sentiments that are universal and inalienable, is a central problem in Maine de Biran’s philosophy. Many studies focus on the part played by the self in Maine de Biran’s late philosophy, but relatively few consider with precision the importance of the concept of sympathy in this context. In this paper, I would like to show that this concept, which Biran mobilizes from his first to his last writings, is an important (...)
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  8.  9
    Pierre Janet: A Psychological Reading of Maine De Biran’s Theory of the Unconscious.Denise Vincenti - 2024 - Perspectives on Science 32 (1):102-126.
    This paper aims to analyze Pierre Janet’s interpretation of Maine de Biran’s notion of the “unconscious” through a comparative study between L’automatisme psychologique (1889) and some Biranian writings devoted to the problem of pure affections. The objective is to question whether Janet’s psychological reading of this very notion had been faithful to Biran’s intentions, and to understand what kind of Biranism Janet is referring to when dealing with the problem of the unconscious.
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