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  1.  69
    A Taxonomy of Views About Time in Buddhist and Western Philosophy.Kristie Miller - 2017 - Philosophy East and West 67 (3):763-782.
    We find the claim that time is not real in both western and eastern philosophical traditions. In what follows I will call the view that time does not exist temporal error theory. Temporal error theory was made famous in western analytic philosophy in the early 1900s by John McTaggart (1908) and, in much the same tradition, temporal error theory was subsequently defended by Gödel (1949). The idea that time is not real, however, stretches back much further than that. It is (...)
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  2. Zhijue as Appreciation and Realization in Zhu Xi: An Examination Through Hun and Po.Eiho Baba - 2017 - Philosophy East and West 67 (2):301-317.
    In his commentary on the Mencius 6A : 15 passage "the organ of the heartmind is thinking," Zhu Xi writes: "The heart-mind is capable of thinking and this thinking is its functional role ".1 The heart-mind is also said to "possess a multitude of li and respond to ten-thousand events ". Zhu Xi regularly associates this heart-mind as "thinking" that "responds to ten-thousand events" with a special process he refers to as "zhijue" 知覺. For instance, he explains that "the heart-mind (...)
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  3.  2
    Against Individualism: A Confucian Rethinking of the Foundations of Morality, Politics, Family, and Religion by Henry Rosemont Jr.Daniel A. Bell - 2017 - Philosophy East and West 67 (2):565-568.
    Against Individualism: A Confucian Rethinking of the Foundations of Morality, Politics, Family, and Religion by Henry Rosemont Jr. is an important challenge to the dominant individualistic ethos of our age. It is not merely a critique of the idea of the rights-claiming, free and autonomous individual: Rosemont also puts forward a strong defense of an alternative idea of the relational person as role-bearing, interrelated, and necessarily responsible to other persons. I am generally sympathetic to Rosemont's view, but I think he (...)
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  4.  4
    The Self, Agency, and Responsibility: A Reply to Mark Siderits.Benovsky Jiri - 2017 - Philosophy East and West 67 (2):558-564.
    Mark Siderits has raised a number of interesting issues and objections concerning the "pluralist view" of the self I put forward in "Buddhist Philosophy and the No-Self View." In this short reply, I am going to focus on two main points he made, in the reverse order in which he made them.Here is a "metaphysical difficulty" that Siderits raises in the case of the pluralist view. It is useful to formulate the case from the first-person point of view, so let's (...)
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  5.  9
    Buddhist Philosophy and the No-Self View.Jiri Benovsky - 2017 - Philosophy East and West 67 (2):545-553.
    A widespread interpretation of Buddhist thought concerning the self makes a prominent place for the claim that there is no self. The idea is that this piece of Buddhist philosophy is best understood as being an eliminativist view about the self, sometimes called the "no-self view" or "non-self view". This claim is motivated, in Buddhist philosophy, by the idea that if there were a self, it would have to be a permanent entity that would be a "bearer" of individual psychological (...)
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  6.  2
    The Self-Chariots of Liberation: Plato's Phaedrus, the Upaniṣads, and the Mahābhārata in Search of Eternal Being.Nina Budziszewska - 2017 - Philosophy East and West 67 (2):318-351.
    The ancient philosophies, both Eastern and Western, expound a way of liberation from the fleeting and sensual world of ever-changing experience and toward the reality of true being, free from death and untruth. For this soteriological purpose, the perfect conception of self-control is offered as the perfect means of liberation. The connection between the two realms of the empirical world and the reality of true being is fixed in a human being, which is viewed as a complex corporeal, mental, and (...)
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  7. Confucianism as Religion: Controversies and Consequences by Yong Chen.Clemens Büttner - 2017 - Philosophy East and West 67 (2):569-571.
    In Confucianism as Religion: Controversies and Consequences, Yong Chen takes an interesting approach to the subject of Confucian religiosity: he concentrates on analyzing the intellectual and academic debate about the question of whether Confucianism is a religion and highlights its cultural as well as socio-political implications for contemporary China, assuming that this debate coincided with a transition from the predominance of Confucian paradigms to those of modernity. Without this paradigmatic shift, argues Chen, the past and ongoing controversy about Confucian religiosity (...)
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  8. The Metaphysics and Unnamability of the Dao in the Daodejing and Wittgenstein.Leo K. C. Cheung - 2017 - Philosophy East and West 67 (2):352-379.
    This essay is basically exegetical in nature, and its purpose is fourfold. First, I argue against the prevailing view that the dao 道 of the Daodejing 道德經 is metaphysically either a non-being or something transcending all senses by showing that it is a nonempty transforming unsummed totality.1 Dao is still metaphysical, but only as something that defies our ability to experience it as a totality or as any of its aspectual totalities.Second, I argue that in the Daodejing Laozi 老子 adopts (...)
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  9. Confucian Propriety and Ritual Learning: A Philosophical Interpretation by Geir Sigurðsson.Paul J. D'Ambrosio - 2017 - Philosophy East and West 67 (2):571-575.
    In his most recent book, Against Individualism: A Confucian Rethinking of the Foundations of Morality, Politics, Family, and Religion, Henry Rosemont defends against those who would call his reading of Confucianism—he sees it as a type of Role Ethics—a misinterpretation. Rosemont contends that Confucian Role Ethics is important for challenging individualism, even if it is somehow unfaithful to pre-Qin texts. He writes that he could "simply re-title" his book "Role Ethics: A Different Approach to Moral Philosophy Based on a Creative (...)
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  10.  1
    Solving for the Triad: Xunzi and Wendell Berry on Sustainable Agriculture as Ethical Practice.Matthew Duperon - 2017 - Philosophy East and West 67 (2):380-398.
    The classical Confucian thinker Xunzi is often characterized as a hard-nosed realist, and stands out in the early Chinese canon for his uncompromising materialist cosmology. Xunzi sees the actions of Heaven in terms of natural material forces rather than supernatural theistic ones, and this view leads him to reject various forms of supernaturalism. Xunzi's cosmological concept of the Triad formed by Heaven, Earth, and Humans also places humans at the center of the cosmos, and as such makes his stance very (...)
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  11.  2
    Mīmāṃsānyāyasaṅgraha: A Compendium on the Principles of Mīmāṃsā by Mahādeva Vedāntin.Elisa Freschi - 2017 - Philosophy East and West 67 (2):575-580.
    The Purpose of the Mīmāṃsānyāyasaṅgraha and Its TranslationSome of the criticism frequently seen in book reviews is due to the reviewer's desire to have read something else. Indeed, I do not wish to judge James Benson's Mīmāṃsānyāyasaṅgraha: A Compendium on the Principles of Mīmāṃsā from the standpoint of what I would have written if I had been in his place. And thus, I will start by outlining his work and the goals he had in mind.The central part of this extensive (...)
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  12.  2
    Engaging Buddhism: Why It Matters to Philosophy by Jay L. Garfield.P. Hayes Richard - 2017 - Philosophy East and West 67 (2):580-588.
    For as long as scholars have been presenting Asian thinkers to readers of European languages, efforts have been made to present the presumably less familiar Asian thinkers as having points of commonality with the presumably more familiar European thinkers. In presenting classical Indian Buddhist philosophers to his readers in the 1920s and 1930s, for example, Stcherbatsky portrayed them as anticipating important features of European philosophers. In his study of Madhyamaka, Nāgārjuna and Candrakīrti are depicted as adumbrating the philosophy of Kant (...)
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  13.  2
    Selected Works of D. T. Suzuki, Volume I: Zen Ed. By Richard M. Jaffe, And: Zen Dust: The History of the Koan and Koan Study in Rinzai Zen by Isshū Miura and Ruth Fuller Sasaki. [REVIEW]Heine Steven - 2017 - Philosophy East and West 67 (2):588-591.
    The two fine books under review represent in different but complementary ways very successful efforts to revise and reprint what can be considered modern "classic" writings on Zen Buddhist thought, with a strong emphasis on the Rinzai sect, that were produced either by an eminent Japanese scholar or an American working in collaboration with a Japanese researcher and were initially circulated in the West through the 1960s. These writings had a remarkably influential impact on the course of Zen studies at (...)
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  14. Just This Is It: Dongshan and the Practice of Suchness by Taigen Dan Leighton.Christopher Ives - 2017 - Philosophy East and West 67 (2):591-594.
    In Just This Is It: Dongshan and the Practice of Suchness, Taigen Dan Leighton has written a rich introduction to the teachings of Dongshan Liangjie, one of the Chinese founders of the Caodong branch of Chan/Zen Buddhism. Drawing on his expertise as both a scholar and a Zen teacher, Leighton analyzes Dongshan's Recorded Sayings, especially its encounter dialogues, the teaching poem "Jewel Mirror Samādhi," and the doctrine of the five degrees, while also taking up anecdotes about Dongshan that appear in (...)
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  15.  3
    The Ritual Methods of Comparative Philosophy.Leah Kalmanson - 2017 - Philosophy East and West 67 (2):399-418.
    Whoever writes in blood and aphorisms does not want to be read, but rather to be learned by heart.Here's what is necessary: one blow with a club, one scar; one slap on the face, a handful of blood. Your reading of what other people write should be just like this. Don't be lax!In several recent articles, Leigh Kathryn Jenco questions the use of Eurocentric methodologies in conducting cross-cultural research within and about Chinese traditions.3 As she says, "postcolonial and 'non-Western' societies (...)
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  16. The Study Quran: A New Translation and Commentary Ed. By Seyyed Hossein Nasr.Oliver Leaman - 2017 - Philosophy East and West 67 (2):594-596.
    The Study Quran: A New Translation and Commentary, almost two thousand pages of translation, commentary, and discussion of the Qur'an, is a very impressive product. It is very unusual also, since it is clearly meant to be a religious work, not a work about religion. And it is a book by believers not only for believers but also for anyone interested in the topic. It has some impressive merits, and the main one to my mind is the extensive use of (...)
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  17. On the Claim "All the People on the Street Are Sages".Li Puqun - 2017 - Philosophy East and West 67 (2):419-440.
    The famous statement from the Neo-Confucian tradition, "All the people on the street are sages", is commonly believed to have first been made in a short poem by Zhu Xi about the famous Buddhist city of Quanzhou. In the poem, Zhu Xi writes: "This place has been called a Buddhist kingdom; all the people on the street are sages".1 However, the statement is more frequently attributed to another Neo-Confucian philosopher, Wang Yangming, and it is often alleged to be a typical (...)
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  18.  2
    Debating Vivekananda: A Reader Ed. By A. Raghuramaraju.Douglas T. McGetchin - 2017 - Philosophy East and West 67 (2):596-599.
    The Bengali Swami Vivekananda is probably best known for his years of travels and lecturing as an Indian missionary to the United States and Europe, beginning with his address in 1893 to the World's Parliament of Religions in Chicago. He also founded, in 1897 in Calcutta, the Ramakrishna Mission, a Vedantic religious society named after his guru, an illiterate village priest who, his followers believed, had had ecstatic divine visions. Vivekananda's interests and life reflected important currents in the development of (...)
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  19.  1
    Doubts on Avicenna: A Study and Edition of Sharaf Al-Dīn Al-Mas'ūdī's Commentary on the Ishārāt. By Ayman Shihadeh.McGinnis Jon - 2017 - Philosophy East and West 67 (2):599-601.
    While the little-known thinker Sharaf al-Dīn al-Mas'ūdī may have had doubts concerning the Ishārāt of the great Persian philosopher Avicenna, no one should have doubts concerning Ayman Shihadeh's brilliant Doubts on Avicenna: A Study and Edition of Sharaf al-Dīn al-Mas'ūdī's Commentary on the Ishārāt. Professor Shihadeh's volume is a rich study of Mas'ūdī's alMabāḥith wa-l-shukūk 'alā Kitāb al-Ishārāt, which additionally offers the first critical edition of that work. Doubts on Avicenna affords the reader a snapshot of the middle period of (...)
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  20.  37
    Values in China as Compared to Africa: Two Conceptions of Harmony.Thaddeus Metz - 2017 - Philosophy East and West 67 (2):441-465.
    Given a 21st century context of sophisticated market economies and other Western influences such as Christianity, what similarities and differences are there between characteristic indigenous values of sub-Saharan Africa and China, and how do they continue to influence everyday life in these societies? Establishing that central to both non-Western, indigenous value systems are ideals of harmonious relationships, I compare and contrast traditional African and Chinese conceptions of harmony and analyze a number of respects in which an appeal to this value (...)
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  21. Ethics in Islam: Friendship in the Political Thought of Al-Tawhīdī and His Contemporaries. By Nuha A. Alshaar.Eric Ormsby - 2017 - Philosophy East and West 67 (2):602-605.
    Of the many illustrious figures of the Buyid period none is perhaps as intriguing, or as enigmatic, as Abū Hayyān al-Tawhīdī. We know all too little of his biography. He was probably born between 310/922 and 932 but whether in Baghdad, Shiraz, or Nishapur remains uncertain. From his works we know that he studied in Baghdad under such renowned scholars as the jurist and qādī Abū Hāmid al-Marwazī. He tells us that he was in Mecca in 353/964 and, in 366/976, (...)
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  22.  3
    Method Mourning: Xunzi on Ritual Performance.Thomas Radice - 2017 - Philosophy East and West 67 (2):466-493.
    Xunzi's 荀子 essay, "A Discussion of Rituals" is the earliest attempt in early China to theorize at length about the nature and importance of rituals. This essay is crucial to understanding the importance of ritual in Xunzi's philosophy of self-cultivation, of which there is no shortage of analysis.1 Most of this analysis centers on the notion of ritual in general, but Xunzi's essay also reveals his reaction to several criticisms to specific ritual practices, especially mourning rituals and ancestral sacrifices, that (...)
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  23.  1
    New Treatise on the Uniqueness of Consciousness by Xiong Shili.Jana S. Rošker - 2017 - Philosophy East and West 67 (2):605-611.
    New Treatise on the Uniqueness of Consciousness is an annotated translation by John Makeham of Xiong Shili's major philosophical work Xin weishi lun 新唯識論, one of the most difficult and least understood of the crucial Chinese theoretical works of the twentieth century. In this work Xiong has integrated central concepts, problems, and themes from traditional Chinese philosophy with those representative of Sinitic Buddhist philosophy in order to create an ambitious philosophical syncretism.On the one hand, the book is a modern Confucian (...)
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  24. Plotinus and Buddhism.Theodore Sabo - 2017 - Philosophy East and West 67 (2):494-505.
    Under the influence of the mysterious Ammonius Saccas, Plotinus conceived a desire to learn Persian and Indian philosophy firsthand. This led him to a romantic participation in the emperor Gordian's ill-fated Persian expedition. He managed to escape to Antioch and two years later began teaching in Rome.1 It is unlikely he was vouchsafed any contact with Hinduism or Buddhism,2 but the parallels between his thought and especially Buddhist philosophy are striking. The parallels with Buddhism are closer than with Hinduism since (...)
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  25. Psychological Solutions to Metaphysical Problems in the Pārāyaṇa-Vagga.Eviatar Shulman - 2017 - Philosophy East and West 67 (2):506-530.
    The understanding of early Buddhist philosophy oscillates between two binary opposed interpretations. On the one hand we find a metaphysical system that hinges on the doctrine of karma and the attempt to exit saṃsāra. Here the Buddha is thought to attain a transcendence that takes place in some indescribable existential or ontological realm. On the other hand we encounter an empirical approach that sees the Buddha as a thinker who denied the credibility of metaphysical speculation and who advocated the relinquishing (...)
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  26.  1
    The Importance of "My" Being Single: A Response to Jiri Benovsky.Siderits Mark - 2017 - Philosophy East and West 67 (2):553-558.
    Given how much the issue of the self and diachronic personal identity has been discussed in recent decades, one might wonder why something like Benovsky's pluralist-self view has not already been proposed and critically examined. It does, after all, look promising as a way to negotiate a settlement between the partisans of self and of nonself. For it gives the first party what it says it wants—ontological commitment to selves—while also granting the nonself theorists their core claim that there is (...)
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  27.  2
    On the Concept of World Philosophy.Saranindranath Tagore - 2017 - Philosophy East and West 67 (2):531-544.
    The question of possibility, as Kant well knew, turns on the pivot of skepticism. These remarks are designed to service the task of answering the question of how comparative philosophy is possible, given the pivot and the turn. I will first show how the idea of comparative philosophy can be challenged from two directions. Second, I will attempt to resolve the skeptical concerns by arguing for the concept of world philosophy as the pivot on which comparative philosophy turns, thereby addressing (...)
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