Year:

  1.  12
    Rules of Composition: A Mereological Examination of the Dao-You Relation.Rafał Banka - 2019 - Philosophy East and West 68 (4):1025-1041.
    From an ontological standpoint, it generally can be stated that what constitutes a signature feature of Daoism, as presented in the Daodejing 道德經, is the relation between dao 道 and you 有. Therefore, it is highly important how these fundamental elements of Daoist ontology are conceived; their conceptualization organizes the whole ontological model that can be reconstructed based on the Daodejing.In this article, I would like to propose a plausible analysis of the relation that views dao and you in mereological (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  2.  10
    I Am Not a Sage but an Archer: Confucius on Agency and Freedom.Rina Marie Camus - 2019 - Philosophy East and West 68 (4):1042-1061.
    Is freedom a Western concept? As a multifaceted human experience it seems fairly transcultural. Freedom is hardly a focus of philosophical discourses in China as it is in the West, and I suppose this partly accounts for the difficulty in tracking freedom and closely related notions of agency, choice, and autonomy in Chinese philosophy.Over four decades ago Herbert Fingarette raised the controversial idea about the absence of freedom in Confucian ethics. Although not intending to denigrate, Fingarette raised a polemic that (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  3.  19
    Zhuangzi's Knowing-How and Skepticism.Wai Wai Chiu - 2019 - Philosophy East and West 68 (4):1062-1084.
    One area of focus in contemporary debates on the Zhuangzi is whether the text endorses some kind of skepticism. For example, in chapter 2, Wang Ni expresses doubt toward "benevolence and rightness" and "the paths of right and wrong." He refuses to claim that there is something of which all things will agree to be right. However, the text repeatedly employs terms like "great knowledge" or "authentic knowledge", which hint at something endorsed or exalted by the text, if not right (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  4.  11
    In a Double Way: Nāmarūpa in Buddhaghosa's Phenomenology.Maria Heim & Chakravarthi Ram-Prasad - 2019 - Philosophy East and West 68 (4):1085-1115.
    Thus one should define, in a double way, name and form in all phenomena of the three realms. …In this essay, we want to bring together two issues for their mutual illumination: the particular use of that hoary Indian dyad, "nāma-rūpa," literally, "name-and-form," by Buddhaghosa, the influential fifth-century Theravāda writer, to organize the categories of the abhidhamma, the canonical classification of phenomenal factors and their formulaic ordering;1 and an interpretation of phenomenology as a methodology. We argue that Buddhaghosa does not (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  5.  4
    Madhyamaka, Metaphysical Realism, and the Possibility of an Ancestral World.Simon P. James - 2019 - Philosophy East and West 68 (4):1116-1133.
    It is the evening of January 11, 1951. A. J. Ayer retires to a Parisian bar for a post-lecture drink, where he is joined by Georges Batailles, Maurice MerleauPonty, and the physicist Georges Ambrosino. They argue until 3 a.m. The point at issue: Was there a sun before human beings existed? Ayer says "yes," the other three say "no."1Now imagine that a fifth person joins the debate—a Mādhyamika. She argues that because nothing exists independently of conceptual imputation, since, as she (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  6.  8
    Self in Nature, Nature in the Lifeworld: A Reinterpretation of Watsuji's Concept of Fūdo.David W. Johnson - 2019 - Philosophy East and West 68 (4):1134-1154.
    One of the most important and least well-understood notions in Watsuji Tetsurō's philosophical oeuvre is the concept of fūdo 風土, which has been variously translated into English as climate and culture, climate, and milieu. Due to the difficulty of translating this term into English, and to the unsatisfactory nature of these alternatives, we will leave this word untranslated here.1 According to Watsuji, fūdo is a "general term which designates the climate, the weather conditions, the nature of the soil, and the (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  7.  5
    Huayan Numismatics as Metaphysics: Explicating Fazang's Coin-Counting Metaphor.Nicholaos Jones - 2019 - Philosophy East and West 68 (4):1155-1177.
    This paper explicates the counting ten coins metaphor as it appears in Fazang’s Treatise on the Five Teachings of Huayan. The goal is to transform Fazang’s inexact and obscure mentions of the metaphor into something that is clearer and more precise. The method for achieving this goal is threefold: first, presenting Fazang’s version of the metaphor as improving upon prior efforts by Zhiyan and Ŭisang to interpret a brief stanza in the Avataṁsaka sutra; second, providing textual evidence to support this (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  8.  1
    Ru Meditation: Gao Panlong Trans. By Bin Song.Leah Kalmanson - 2019 - Philosophy East and West 68 (4):1-5.
    Bin Song's translation of Gao Panlong's works on quiet sitting ) is a slim volume that nonetheless makes a large statement on the status of "Confucianism" as a subject of scholarship in philosophy and religious studies. The opening paragraph of the introduction announces Song's interpretative and methodological commitments: In this book, "Confucius" will be known as Kongzi, his venerated pinyin name. The terms "Ru" and "Ruist" will be used in place of "Confucian." Likewise, "Ruism" will be used in place of (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  9.  2
    The Context of "Correct Seeing": Truth and Fiction in Tibetan Madhyamaka.Constance Kassor - 2019 - Philosophy East and West 68 (4):1178-1192.
    The Madhyamaka school of Buddhist philosophy is grounded in the theory of the two truths. This theory posits the existence of two levels of reality :1 the conventional truth corresponds to the way that things appear, and the ultimate truth corresponds to the way that things really are. Nāgārjuna, the second-century Indian scholar credited with founding the Madhyamaka tradition, frames the relationship between the two truths as follows: "Without relying on the conventional, the ultimate cannot be demonstrated. Without understanding the (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  10.  2
    The Discontents of Moderate Political Confucianism and the Future of Democracy in East Asia.Zhuoyao Li - 2019 - Philosophy East and West 68 (4):1193-1218.
    Modern Confucian political philosophy has long been divided between the more comprehensive branch of theories that prioritize Confucian classics and traditions and the more moderate branch of theories that attempt to modernize Confucianism so as to better accommodate contemporary East Asian societies.1 Recently, Joseph Chan and Sungmoon Kim, two leading thinkers from the latter camp proposed their distinct approaches to advocate what for them are the most promising versions of political Confucianism. Chan advances what he calls "Confucian political perfectionism," which (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  11.  8
    The Dao and the Form: Innate Divisions and the Natural Hermeneutics of Plato and Zhuangzi.Mingjun Lu - 2019 - Philosophy East and West 68 (4):1219-1238.
    Hans-Georg Gadamer defines hermeneutics as both a practical art "involved in such things as preaching, interpreting other languages, explaining and explicating texts" and an art of understanding "particularly required any time the meaning of something is not clear and unambiguous."1 For Gadamer, Western hermeneutics has undergone a paradigmatic shift "from epistemology to ontology" with Martin Heidegger's "hermeneutics of facticity," a thesis that replaces the Cartesian "epistemic cogito" with Dasein—"the contingent and underivable 'facticity' of existence"—as "the ontological yardstick of phenomenological questioning."2 (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  12.  3
    The Logic of Not: An Invitation to a Holistic Mode of Thinking From an East Asian Perspective—An Essay in Celebration of Roger Ames on the Occasion of His Retirement.Shigenori Nagatomo - 2019 - Philosophy East and West 68 (4):1239-1264.
    When one side is illuminated, the other side remains in darkness.My reason for addressing the topic for this article is to attempt a philosophical reconstruction of the "logic of not" in such a way as to guide us into entertaining a holistic mode of thinking. In preparation for this investigation, for comparative purposes I will engage a conceptual paradigm that is dominant in the Western philosophical tradition, namely the paradigm that is framed in terms of an either-or, ego-logical dualistic stance (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  13.  2
    African and Chinese Philosophies Compared: A Dialogue Between East and South.Renate Schepen & Hans van Rappard - 2019 - Philosophy East and West 68 (4):1369-1379.
    Please note that this book review was written in August 2017, prior to The World Congress of Philosophy in Beijing In 2011 Africa and China in Dialogue: Philosophical South-East Dialogues from a Western Perspective by the German philosopher Heinz Kimmerle and the Dutch psychologist Hans van Rappard was published in Dutch, and was then followed in 2013 by a German translation by the first author. In this book, an appeal is made for establishing dialogues between philosophies from Africa and the (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  14.  7
    China's Particular Values and the Issue of Universal Significance: Contemporary Confucians Amidst the Politics of Universal Values.Hoyt Cleveland Tillman - 2019 - Philosophy East and West 68 (4):1265-1291.
    Referring to James Legge's translation of the Liji 禮記, Supreme Court Justice Anthony Kennedy's justification for legalizing same-sex marriage was based on the statement, "Confucius taught that marriage lies at the foundation of government."1 Justice Kennedy universalized and applied Confucius' comment in a way that Confucius would never have imagined it would be. Yet, Justice Kennedy's universalization fits into a legacy of Western utilizations of the wisdom of the ancient Chinese sage. Although in recent history many Europeans and North Americans (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  15.  3
    Knowledge and Power in the Philosophies of Ḥamīd Al-Dīn Kirmānī and Mullā Ṣadrā Shirazi by Sayeh Meisami.S. Khalil Toussi - 2019 - Philosophy East and West 68 (4):1-6.
    The book is the first dedicated volume in English on some aspects of Ḥamīd Dīn Kirmānī's and Mullā Ṣadrā's political thought.Kirmānī was a key Isma'ili figure who represented and advocated "moderate" Isma'ili thought during the imamate of the Fatimid imam/caliph in Cairo, al-Ḥākim bi-Amr Allah. Mullā Ṣadrā is the most eminent Shi'Imami philosopher in the last four hundred years and the founder of the school of transcendent philosophy who has received huge attention in Muslim and in Western academia.In her extremely (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  16.  5
    Contrasting Nyāya-Vaiśeṣika and Buddhist Explanations of Attention.Alex Watson - 2019 - Philosophy East and West 68 (4):1292-1313.
    In contemporary Cognitive Science and Philosophy of Mind, "attention" is a burgeoning field, with ever-increasing amounts of empirical research and philosophical analysis being directed toward it.1 In this essay I make a first attempt to contrast how Nyāya-Vaiśeṣikas2 and Buddhists would address some aspects of attention that are discussed in that literature. The sources of what I attribute to "Nyāya-Vaiśeṣikas" are the sections dealing with the manas in the Nyāyabhāṣya, Nyāyamañjarī, and Praśastapādabhāṣya. The words "Buddhist" and "Buddhism" in this essay (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  17.  3
    Women on Love: Idealization in the Philosophies of Diotima and Murasaki Shikibu.Sandra A. Wawrytko - 2019 - Philosophy East and West 68 (4):1314-1344.
    Although we have already entered the twenty-first century, the sexist assumptions that undermine the professional status of women philosophers have not been fully exorcised. Notwithstanding Mary Ellen Waithe's groundbreaking multi-volume A History of Women Philosophers, doubts continue to arise over whether there has been or can be such a phenomenon as a woman philosopher. The very concept remains mired in stereotypical images. Auguste Rodin's famous statue of a naked male, generally referred to as "The Thinker," the self-chosen mascot of many (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  18.  7
    Egocentricity and Mysticism: An Anthropological Study by Ernst Tugendhat.Christian Helmut Wenzel - 2019 - Philosophy East and West 68 (4):1-7.
    This is a short, but complex and ambitious book. It is argumentative in style and in many places written in the first person. It appeared first in German in 2003, and in 2016 in English translation, to which the two translators added a detailed and informative introduction. The overall aim of the book is to describe and explain how human beings, as users of propositional language and with the ability to refer to themselves, develop into egocentric beings, who find themselves (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  19.  7
    An Alternative Way of Confucian Sincerity: Wang Yangming's "Unity of Knowing and Doing" as a Response to Zhu Xi's Puzzle of Self-Deception.Zemian Zheng - 2019 - Philosophy East and West 68 (4):1345-1368.
    In this essay I offer a new interpretation of Wang Yangming's 王陽明 well-known doctrine of zhi xing he yi 知行合一 by contextualizing it in his endeavor to seek an alternative way of Confucian learning other than Zhu Xi's 朱熹. Both Wang and Zhu Xi understand the ideal of a Confucian sage as cheng 誠, but propose different ways to attain it. To some extent, Wang's original concern has long been neglected. The recent scholarship on Wang's unity of knowing and doing (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
 Previous issues
  
Next issues