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  1.  2
    ICT Ethics-Related Cognition Among Undergraduate Students.Maryam Nasser Al-Nuaimi, AbdelMajid Bouazza & Maher M. Abu-Hilal - 2020 - Journal of Information, Communication and Ethics in Society 18 (4):589-607.
    Purpose Moor designated two major problem sources typifying the social and ethical implications of computer technologies, namely, “policy vacuum” and “conceptual muddles.” Motivated by Moor’s seminal definition and Floridi’s conceptualization of information and communication technologies as re-ontologizing technologies, this study aims to explore Omani undergraduates’ cognition regarding ICT ethics. Design/methodology/approach Adopting a grounded theory approach for the constant comparative thematic analysis, the constituents of ICT ethics-related cognition among undergraduates and influencing factors were scrutinized. Qualitative data were gathered via focus group (...)
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  2. Traditional Cyberloafing, Mobile Cyberloafing and Personal Mobile-Internet Loafing in Business Organizations.Sauvik Kumar Batabyal & Kanika Tandon Bhal - 2020 - Journal of Information, Communication and Ethics in Society 18 (4):631-647.
    Purpose Possession and usage of data-enabled smartphones have added further complexity to the issue of cyberloafing behavior and it certainly evokes newer ethical concerns. This study aims to explore how working individuals perceive the ethicality of their cyberloafing behaviors at the workplace and the cognitive logics they apply to justify their cyberloafing behavior. Design/methodology/approach Incorporating constructivist grounded theory methodology, 19 working managers from various organizations were interviewed face-to-face and responses were audio-recorded with prior consent. The recordings were transcribed verbatim, simultaneously (...)
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  3. The Concept of Self-Regulation and the Ethics Council of the Media Federation of Chile.Francisca Greene Gonzalez & María José Lecaros - 2020 - Journal of Information, Communication and Ethics in Society 18 (4):481-496.
    Purpose This paper reviews the origins of the Ethics Council of the Federation of Social Communication Media of Chile and looks into the historical circumstances surrounding its creation, the concept of self-regulation as understood by its founders, and the criteria that initially ruled its operation. Design/methodology/approach A qualitative survey of nine contemporary witnesses and the confrontation with the scientific literature. Findings The results reveal a significant coincidence with the academic literature both in the description of the concept of self-regulation and (...)
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  4. Modelling Twitter Conversations in #Favela Towards the Conceptualization of the eVoice of the Unheard.Alessandro Inversini, Nigel L. Williams, Isabella Rega & Ioanna Samakovlis - 2020 - Journal of Information, Communication and Ethics in Society 18 (4):529-551.
    Purpose The purpose of this study to shed light on the importance of social media hosted content related to socially-motivated discussions. Moving from the field of communication for development, the research leverages social media as a powerful tool for collecting and analyse peer-to-peer communication towards the conceptualization of eVoices of Unheard. The deep understanding of these conversation can generate recommendations for organizations and governments designing and providing interventions fostering local socio-economic development. Design/methodology/approach The study presents a large-scale analysis of social (...)
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  5. Qualitative Analysis to Determine Decision-Makers’ Attitudes Towards E-Government Services in a De-Facto State.Tuğberk Kaya, Mustafa Sağsan, Tunç Medeni, Tolga Medeni & Mete Yıldız - 2020 - Journal of Information, Communication and Ethics in Society 18 (4):609-629.
    Purpose The manner in which people, businesses and governments perform is changing because of the spread of technology. Digitalization of governments can be considered a necessity as we are now entering the era of the Internet-of-Things. The advantages and disadvantages of electronic governments have been examined in several research studies. This study aims to examine the attitudes of decision-makers towards e-government. The research aims are as follows: to determine the problems related with e-government usage, to establish the factors which decrease (...)
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  6.  2
    Analysis of Professional Perceptions Relating to the Effectiveness of Codes of Ethics for Journalists in Spain.Marcel Mauri-Ríos, Silvia Marcos-García & Aitor Zuberogoitia-Espilla - 2020 - Journal of Information, Communication and Ethics in Society 18 (4):511-528.
    Purpose Codes of ethics are important instruments in journalism, as they promote transparency and self-regulation of media, in addition to monitoring the quality of information. The purpose of this paper is to analyse the perceptions that Spanish journalists have of the effectiveness of codes of ethics and to evaluate the different personal and professional variables which condition this vision. Design/methodology/approach The methodology used in the present study is based on quantitative content analysis using the survey technique. This technique makes it (...)
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  7.  1
    The Sixth Estate: Tech Media Corruption in the Age of Information.Edward Howlett Spence - 2020 - Journal of Information, Communication and Ethics in Society 18 (4):553-573.
    Purpose The purpose of this paper is to demonstrate how some of the information and communication practices of the Tech Media and specifically of Facebook, constitute media corruption. The paper will examine what the professional role of Facebook is regarding its information/communication practices and then demonstrate that Facebook is essentially a media company and not merely a “platform,” therefore liable to the same normative responsibilities as other media companies. Design/methodology/approach Applying the dual obligation information theory, a normative information and communication (...)
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  8. The Brazilian Presidential Election of 2018 and the Relationship Between Technology and Democracy in Latin America.Raíssa Mendes Tomaz & Jerzui Mendes Torres Tomaz - 2020 - Journal of Information, Communication and Ethics in Society 18 (4):497-509.
    Purpose The purpose of this paper selected by ICIL 2019 committee in Rome is to demonstrate the current importance of the internet in the protection of democracy in developting countries. Design/methodology/approach It is intended to make a comparison with the growing and current phenomenon of Brazilian disinformation with other contemporary phenomena related to new technologies through literature review methodology. Findings The Brazilian elections in 2018 represent an authentic model in a post-Cambridge Analytical phase where the myth of the sanctity of (...)
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  9.  2
    eWOM, What Are We Suspecting? Motivation, Truthfulness or Identity.Xiao Zhang, Yun Wu & Wendy Wang - 2020 - Journal of Information, Communication and Ethics in Society 18 (4).
    Purpose As fake information has become the norm on the internet, it is important to investigate how skepticism impacts an individual’s attitude toward word-of-mouth. This study examines eWOM skepticism via three dimensions: suspicion of motivation, suspicion of truthfulness and suspicion of identity. It investigates not only which of the three dimensions is more influential in eWOM situations but also the variations and relationships among these three. Furthermore, this study evaluates how an individual’s dispositional trust and perceptions regarding structural assurance can (...)
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  10.  1
    Risking Identity: A Case Study of Jamaica’s Short-Lived National ID System.Hopeton S. Dunn - 2020 - Journal of Information, Communication and Ethics in Society 18 (3):329-338.
    Purpose This paper aims to expose the challenges facing the attempt by Jamaica to introduce a new digital ID system without adequate regard to public consultation and the rights of citizens. Design/methodology/approach The method used is critical text analysis and policy analysis, providing background and relevant factors leading up to the legislative changes under review. Extensive literature sources were consulted and the relevant sections of the Jamaican constitution referenced and analysed. Findings The case study may have national peculiarities not applicable (...)
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  11. How Do We Understand “Meaningful Use” of the Internet? Of Divides, Skills and Socio-Technical Awareness.Laura Hosman & Martin Andrés Pérez Comisso - 2020 - Journal of Information, Communication and Ethics in Society 18 (3):461-479.
    Purpose Information and communications technologies have transformed the lives of many people around the world, yet billions remain unconnected. While many initiatives attempt to “connect the unconnected,” initiatives focused on access and skills-development alone will still fall short. Based on the authors’ experience with the SolarSPELL initiative, this study aims to propose using the concept of socio-technical awareness as a step forward in conceptualizing a more accurate picture of capabilities necessary to enable people to make meaningful use of the internet. (...)
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  12.  5
    The COVID-19 Pandemic: New Concerns and Connections Between eHealth and Digital Inequalities.Aneka Khilnani, Jeremy Schulz & Laura Robinson - 2020 - Journal of Information, Communication and Ethics in Society 18 (3):393-403.
    Purpose Telemedicine has been advancing for decades and is more indispensable than ever in this unprecedented time of the COVID-19 pandemic. As shown, eHealth appears to be effective for routine management of chronic conditions that require extensive and repeated interactions with healthcare professionals, as well as the monitoring of symptoms and diagnostics. Yet much needs to be done to alleviate digital inequalities that stand in the way of making the benefits of eHealth accessible to all. The purpose of this paper (...)
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  13. Distributed Pool Mining and Digital Inequalities, From Cryptocurrency to Scientific Research.Hanna M. Kreitem & Massimo Ragnedda - 2020 - Journal of Information, Communication and Ethics in Society 18 (3):339-355.
    Purpose This paper aims to look at shifts in internet-related content and services economies, from audience labour economies to Web 2.0 user-generated content, and the emerging model of user computing power utilisation, powered by blockchain technologies. The authors look at and test three models of user computing power utilisation based on distributed computing two of which use cryptocurrency mining through distributed pool mining techniques, while the third is based on distributed computing of calculations for scientific research. The three models promise (...)
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  14.  6
    Broadband Adoption in Urban and Suburban California: Information-Based Outreach Programs Ineffective at Closing the Digital Divide.Lloyd Levine - 2020 - Journal of Information, Communication and Ethics in Society 18 (3):431-459.
    Purpose The digital divide has persisted in California and the USA as a whole at approximately the same level for the past decade. This is despite multiple programs being created and billions of dollars being spent to close it. This paper examines why the efforts to date have been ineffective and to offers policy alternatives that might be more successful. Design/methodology/approach Using data from three, variable constrained projects in California, this paper examines the effectiveness of information-based outreach efforts at closing (...)
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  15.  2
    Digital Media, Disability and Development in the Anglophone Caribbean-Social and Ethical Considerations.Floyd Morris - 2020 - Journal of Information, Communication and Ethics in Society 18 (3):357-375.
    Purpose In 2006, the United Nations established the convention on the rights of persons with disabilities. Simultaneously, the UN has adopted the sustainable development goals in 2015 and the 17 goals must be achieved by member states by 2030. Regionally, countries within the Caribbean community have formulated the Kingston Accord and the Declaration of Petion Ville. Both of these two instruments outlined a regional framework on the issue of persons with disabilities. The media, therefore, have axiological roles to play in (...)
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  16.  2
    Confirming the Links Between Socio-Economic Variables and Digitalization Worldwide: The Unsettled Debate on Digital Divide.Farooq Mubarak, Reima Suomi & Satu-Päivi Kantola - 2020 - Journal of Information, Communication and Ethics in Society 18 (3):415-430.
    Purpose This study aims to statistically verify the links of income and education with information and communication technology diffusion across 191 countries of the world taking into account a total of 9 indicators best representing the socio-economic variables. Design/methodology/approach Multivariate regression analysis was used as a prime method to rigorously test the relationships of income and education with ICT diffusion across 191 countries. Statistical Package for the Social Sciences was used to analyze and predict patterns in the data. Findings The (...)
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  17.  1
    Digital Inequalities: Contextualizing Problems and Solutions.Laura Robinson, Massimo Ragnedda & Jeremy Schulz - 2020 - Journal of Information, Communication and Ethics in Society 18 (3):323-327.
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  18. The Digital Divide is a Multi-Dimensional Complex.Simon Rogerson - 2020 - Journal of Information, Communication and Ethics in Society 18 (3):321-321.
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  19.  1
    Technology and Accessibility in Global Governance and Human Rights: The Experience of Disability Rights Advocates.Filippo Trevisan & Derrick L. Cogburn - 2020 - Journal of Information, Communication and Ethics in Society 18 (3):377-391.
    Purpose International organizations are working on an unprecedented number of development initiatives relevant to people with disabilities. This makes it essential for the global disability community to be able to participate effectively in the decision-making processes associated with these programs. In light of this, this study aims to explore whether information technologies can help create a more inclusive global governance, forming the basis for equitable development for people with disabilities. Design/methodology/approach The results of a global survey of disabled people’s organizations’ (...)
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  20.  2
    Digital Divide in Light of Religion, Gender, and Women’s Digital Participation.Ruth Tsuria - 2020 - Journal of Information, Communication and Ethics in Society 18 (3):405-413.
    Purpose This paper aims to argue for the importance of considering religious and cultural background as informing participant's access and attitudes towards digital media. Design/methodology/approach The paper takes a socio-cultural theoretical approach. In terms of methodology, it refers to case studies based on discourse analysis of online content. Findings The paper argues that the online discourse in the case studies presented discourages women from using digital media for their own empowerment. Research limitations/implications Some limitation include that this research focuses only (...)
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  21.  2
    Contemporary Global Challenges and Ethical Mindsets.Theodora Issa & Tomayess B. T. Issa - 2020 - Journal of Information, Communication and Ethics in Society 18 (2):183-196.
    Purpose This paper aims to provide a framework that might be used to tackle the multifaceted challenges facing humanity, which are increasing in seriousness and complexity. The Millennium Project had identified such challenges, and over time periods until and including 2050, which pose the question, how would societies cope with these challenges averting any disastrous results? contemplating the suggested ethical principles, and the three central beliefs of “end-based”, “rule-based” and “care-based”. In some cases, individuals might not be blamed to think (...)
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  22.  2
    Guest Editorial.Tomayess Issa, Pedro Isaias & Piet Kommers - 2020 - Journal of Information, Communication and Ethics in Society 18 (2):177-181.
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  23.  2
    Social Media Use in Academia.Shivinder Nijjer & Sahil Raj - 2020 - Journal of Information, Communication and Ethics in Society 18 (2):255-280.
    Purpose The high rate of internet penetration has led to the proliferation of social media use, even at the workplace, including academia. This research attempts to develop a topology and thereby determine the dominant use motive for faculty’s use of SM. Design/methodology/approach In this two-part study, a two-stage research design has been adopted for topology development based on the application of Uses and Gratifications Theory. In the second part, the Technology Acceptance Model is applied to discern the dominant motive for (...)
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  24.  3
    Consumer Protection and Electronic Commerce in the Sultanate of Oman.Rakesh Belwal, Rahima Al Shibli & Shweta Belwal - 2020 - Journal of Information, Communication and Ethics in Society.
    Purpose Within a larger mandate of reviewing the key global trends concerning consumer protection in the electronic commerce literature, this study aims to study the legal framework concerning e-commerce and consumer protection in the Sultanate of Oman and to analyse the current regulations concerning e-commerce and consumer protection. Design/methodology/approach This study followed the normative legal research approach and resorted to the desk research process to facilitate content analysis of literature containing consumer protection legislation and regulatory provisions in Oman in particular (...)
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  25.  3
    Rogue People: On Adversarial Crowdsourcing in the Context of Cyber Security.Mohammad Moradi & Qi Li - 2020 - Journal of Information, Communication and Ethics in Society.
    Purpose Over the past decade, many research works in various disciplines have benefited from the endless ocean of people and their potentials as an effective problem-solving strategy and computational model. But nothing interesting is ever completely one-sided. Therefore, when it comes to leveraging people's power, as the dark side of crowdsourcing, there are some possible threats that have not been considered as should be, such as recruiting black hat crowdworkers for organizing targeted adversarial intentions. The purpose of this paper is (...)
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  26.  1
    Otherness as a Form of Intersubjective Social Exclusion.Luis M. Romero-Rodriguez, Sabina Civila & Ignacio Aguaded - 2020 - Journal of Information, Communication and Ethics in Society.
    Purpose This study aims to review the theory based on «otherness» as a form of social exclusion and symbolic violence from the constructions of realities of the media, with particular emphasis on the ethics and aesthetics of language and its role in materializing identity differences. Design/methodology/approach A search for specific criteria and boolean algorithms is carried out in Web of Science and Scopus on «otherness» [AND] «social exclusion», to then submit the emerging results to a co-occurrence matrix by citations with (...)
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  27.  11
    Artificial Intelligence Ethics Guidelines for Developers and Users: Clarifying Their Content and Normative Implications.Mark Ryan & Bernd Carsten Stahl - 2020 - Journal of Information, Communication and Ethics in Society.
    Purpose The purpose of this paper is clearly illustrate this convergence and the prescriptive recommendations that such documents entail. There is a significant amount of research into the ethical consequences of artificial intelligence. This is reflected by many outputs across academia, policy and the media. Many of these outputs aim to provide guidance to particular stakeholder groups. It has recently been shown that there is a large degree of convergence in terms of the principles upon which these guidance documents are (...)
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  28.  5
    Ethical Practice in Sharing and Mining Medical Data.Kevin Watson & Dinah M. Payne - 2020 - Journal of Information, Communication and Ethics in Society.
    Purpose The purpose of this paper is to review current practice in sharing and mining medical data revealing benefits, costs and ethical issues. Based on stakeholder perspectives and values, the authors create an ethical code to regulate the sharing and mining of medical information. Design/methodology/approach The framework is based on a review of academic, practitioner and legal research. Findings Owing to the inability of current safeguards to protect consumers from risks related to the disclosure of medical information, the authors develop (...)
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