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  1.  27
    Artificial intelligence and conversational agent evolution – a cautionary tale of the benefits and pitfalls of advanced technology in education, academic research, and practice.Curtis C. Cain, Carlos D. Buskey & Gloria J. Washington - 2023 - Journal of Information, Communication and Ethics in Society 21 (4):394-405.
    Purpose The purpose of this paper is to demonstrate the advancements in artificial intelligence (AI) and conversational agents, emphasizing their potential benefits while also highlighting the need for vigilant monitoring to prevent unethical applications. Design/methodology/approach As AI becomes more prevalent in academia and research, it is crucial to explore ways to ensure ethical usage of the technology and to identify potentially unethical usage. This manuscript uses a popular AI chatbot to write the introduction and parts of the body of a (...)
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  2.  9
    Social and digital media monitoring for nonviolence: a distributed cognition perspective of the precariousness of peace work.Richard Noel Canevez, Jenifer Sunrise Winter & Joseph G. Bock - 2023 - Journal of Information, Communication and Ethics in Society 21 (4):485-501.
    Purpose This paper aims to explore the technologization of peace work through “remote support monitors” that use social and digital media technologies like social media to alert local violence prevention actors to potentially violent situations during demonstrations. Design/methodology/approach Using a distributed cognition lens, the authors explore the information processing of monitors within peace organizations. The authors adopt a qualitative thematic analysis methodology composed of interviews with monitors and documents from their shared communication and discussion channels. The authors’ analysis seeks to (...)
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  3.  18
    How to program autonomous vehicle (AV) crash algorithms: an Islamic ethical perspective.Ezieddin Elmahjub & Junaid Qadir - 2023 - Journal of Information, Communication and Ethics in Society 21 (4):452-467.
    Purpose Fully autonomous self-driving cars not only hold the potential for significant economic and environmental advantages but also introduce complex ethical dilemmas. One of the highly debated issues, known as the “trolley problems,” revolves around determining the appropriate actions for a self-driving car when faced with an unavoidable crash. Currently, the discourse on autonomous vehicle (AV) crash algorithms is primarily shaped by Western ethical traditions, resulting in a Eurocentric bias due to the dominant economic and political influence of the West. (...)
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  4.  31
    The eradication of hate speech on social media: a systematic review.Javier Gracia-Calandín & Leonardo Suárez-Montoya - 2023 - Journal of Information, Communication and Ethics in Society 21 (4):406-421.
    Purpose The purpose of this paper is to present a quantitative and qualitative synthesis of the diverse academic proposals and initiatives for preventing and eliminating hate speech on the internet. Design/methodology/approach The foundation for this study is a systematic review of papers devoted to the analysis of hate speech. It has been conducted using the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) protocol and applied to an initial corpus of 436 academic texts. Having implemented the suitability, screening and (...)
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  5.  8
    The dangerous use of genetic information.David Eugene Johnson & Debora Jane Shaw - 2023 - Journal of Information, Communication and Ethics in Society 21 (4):533-549.
    Purpose The purpose of this paper is to inform or alert readers to the extensive use and ready availability of genetic information that poses varying degrees of social and legal danger. The eugenics movement of the 1920s and the general acceptance of genetic essentialism provide context for considering contemporary examples of the problem. Design/methodology/approach This paper takes an argumentative approach, supporting proposals with ideas from historical and current research literature. Findings The limits of data protection, extensive use of direct-to-consumer genetic (...)
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  6.  9
    Perceived risk and digital piracy: a moderated-moderation model.Kian Yeik Koay - 2023 - Journal of Information, Communication and Ethics in Society 21 (4):521-532.
    Purpose This study aims to examine the joint moderating effects of privacy risk and time risk on the relationship between financial risk and intentions to pirate digital products. Design/methodology/approach The author collected data from 247 participants using a survey method. Subsequently, PROCESS macro was used to evaluate the proposed hypotheses. Findings This study found that financial risk does not have a significant relationship with the consumer intention to pirate digital products. However, privacy risk moderates the negative relationship between financial risk (...)
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  7.  11
    Lying in online social networks: a bug or a feature.Mahed Maddah & Pouyan Esmaeilzadeh - 2023 - Journal of Information, Communication and Ethics in Society 21 (4):438-451.
    Purpose Online social networks can bridge the gap between distant individuals by simulating online experiences that closely resemble physical interactions. While people have positive experiences, such as joy, in a physical relationship and would like to enjoy those experiences online, they also have negative experiences, such as being subject to a lie. An online social network may allow users to lie to simulate a real-world social group better. However, lying must be prevented on social networks as unethical behavior. Thus, this (...)
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  8.  14
    New social media nones: how and why Americans have changed their use of social media to consume political news.David S. Morris & Jonathan S. Morris - 2023 - Journal of Information, Communication and Ethics in Society 21 (4):468-484.
    Purpose Social media (SM) platforms have become major sources for generating, sharing and gathering political and election news. Although there appears to be an assumption that reliance on SM for political news consumption will continue to gain in popularity, there are reasons to believe that many Americans are retreating from using SM for political news. The purpose of this study is to examine if Americans are reducing reliance on SM for political news and to analyze why retreat may be happening. (...)
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  9.  4
    Factors influencing mobile phone usage awareness for accessing agricultural marketing information by grape smallholder farmers in Dodoma, Tanzania.Alex I. Nyagango, Alfred S. Sife & Isaac Kazungu - 2023 - Journal of Information, Communication and Ethics in Society 21 (4):502-520.
    Purpose There is a contradictive debate on factors influencing mobile phone usage awareness among scholars. This study aims to examine factors influencing mobile phone usage awareness for accessing agricultural marketing information. Design/methodology/approach A descriptive cross-sectional research design was used with 400 smallholder grape farmers. The use of structured questionnaires, focus group discussions and key informant interviews helped to collect primary data. Data analysis was subjected to descriptive, ordinal logistic regression and thematic approaches. Findings This study found that farmers were mostly (...)
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  10.  9
    Privacy and anti-surveillance advocacy: the role/challenge of issue salience.Smith Oduro-Marfo - 2023 - Journal of Information, Communication and Ethics in Society 21 (4):422-437.
    Purpose The proliferation of surveillance-enhancing laws, policies and technologies across African countries deepens the risk of privacy rights breaches, as well as the risks of adverse profiling and social sorting. There is a heightened need for dedicated advocacy and activism to consistently demand accountability and transparency from African states, governments and their allies regarding surveillance. The purpose of this paper is to understand the issue frames that accompany anti-surveillance and privacy advocacy in Ghana and the related implications. Design/methodology/approach Using a (...)
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  11.  6
    Unveiling virtual chat group inclusiveness code of conduct by Nigerians.Ngozi Okpara - 2023 - Journal of Information, Communication and Ethics in Society 21 (4):373-393.
    Purpose This paper aims to unveil the general nature of virtual chat groups in multi-ethnic societies like Nigeria towards knowing whether and how diversity inclusiveness codes of conduct are encouraged and managed among virtual chat group participants. Design/methodology/approach Data in this research was collected via five virtual focus groups of five to eight discussants each and was complemented by virtual field surveys. Responses were validated through verification of registered personal mobile phone numbers. Each design was implemented to cover Nigeria’s six (...)
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  12.  23
    Investigating the role of artificial intelligence in the US criminal justice system.Ace Vo & Miloslava Plachkinova - 2023 - Journal of Information, Communication and Ethics in Society 21 (4):550-567.
    Purpose The purpose of this study is to examine public perceptions and attitudes toward using artificial intelligence (AI) in the US criminal justice system. Design/methodology/approach The authors took a quantitative approach and administered an online survey using the Amazon Mechanical Turk platform. The instrument was developed by integrating prior literature to create multiple scales for measuring public perceptions and attitudes. Findings The findings suggest that despite the various attempts, there are still significant perceptions of sociodemographic bias in the criminal justice (...)
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  13.  12
    Social media users’ attitudes toward pervasiveness of fake news in Arab countries and its negative effects: Kuwait as a case study.Khaled Alqahs, Yagoub Y. Al-Kandari & Mohammad S. Albuloushi - 2023 - Journal of Information, Communication and Ethics in Society 21 (3):322-341.
    Purpose The purpose of this study is to examine the respondents’ evaluation of the pervasiveness of fake news through various SM platforms in Kuwait. The authors also examined the respondents’ attitudes toward most fake news on SM. A total of 1,539 Kuwaitis were selected. Design/methodology/approach The questionnaire was the major tool for this study. The respondents, from whom demographic information was obtained, were asked about which SM platforms most frequently spread fake news, their attitudes toward the subjects most frequently involved (...)
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  14.  8
    Addressing labour exploitation in the data science pipeline: views of precarious US-based crowdworkers on adversarial and co-operative interventions.Jo Bates, Elli Gerakopoulou & Alessandro Checco - 2023 - Journal of Information, Communication and Ethics in Society 21 (3):342-357.
    Purpose Underlying much recent development in data science and artificial intelligence (AI) is a dependence on the labour of precarious crowdworkers via platforms such as Amazon Mechanical Turk. These platforms have been widely critiqued for their exploitative labour relations, and over recent years, there have been various efforts by academic researchers to develop interventions aimed at improving labour conditions. The aim of this paper is to explore US-based crowdworkers’ views on two proposed interventions: a browser plugin that detects automated quality (...)
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  15.  16
    From big data epistemology to AI politics: rescuing the public dimension over data-driven technologies.Stefano Calzati - 2023 - Journal of Information, Communication and Ethics in Society 21 (3):358-372.
    Purpose The purpose of this paper is to explore the epistemological tensions embedded within big data and data-driven technologies to advance a socio-political reconsideration of the public dimension in the assessment of their implementation. Design/methodology/approach This paper builds upon (and revisits) the European Union’s (EU) normative understanding of artificial intelligence (AI) and data-driven technologies, blending reflections rooted in philosophy of technology with issues of democratic participation in tech-related matters. Findings This paper proposes the conceptual design of sectorial and/or local-level e-participation (...)
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  16.  7
    Limited knowledge and informal lobbying: internet regulation through content filters in Swedish public libraries.Veronica Johansson & Maria Lindh - 2023 - Journal of Information, Communication and Ethics in Society 21 (3):243-258.
    Purpose The purpose of this paper is to describe and explore the current state of internet regulation through content filters in Swedish public libraries. Design/methodology/approach Data was collected through an electronic survey directed to library managers of Sweden’s 290 main municipal libraries. 164 answers were returned, yielding a 57% response rate. The analysis comprises descriptive statistics for quantitative data and an activity theory approach with focus on contradictions for qualitative counterparts. Findings In total, 33% of the responding libraries report having (...)
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  17.  11
    Others’ information and my privacy: an ethical discussion.Yuanye Ma - 2023 - Journal of Information, Communication and Ethics in Society 21 (3):259-270.
    Purpose Privacy has been understood as about one’s own information, information that is not one’s own is not typically considered with regards to an individual’s privacy. This paper aims to draw attention to this issue for conceptualizing privacy when one’s privacy is breached by others’ information. Design/methodology/approach To illustrate the issue that others' information can breach one's own privacy, this paper uses real-world applications of forensic genealogy and recommender systems to motivate the discussion. Findings In both forensic genealogy and recommender (...)
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  18.  6
    Factors affecting the citizen’s intention to adopt e-government in Nigeria.Abubakar Sadiq Muhammad & Tuğberk Kaya - 2023 - Journal of Information, Communication and Ethics in Society 21 (3):271-289.
    Purpose This study aims to investigate and comprehend the key factors that affect citizens’ adoption of electronic government (e-government) in Nigeria. In addition, the exploration intends to assess the potential determinants that may affect the Nigerian’s behavioural intention (BI) to adopt e-government services. The findings can be helpful for policymakers and government officials to provide e-government practices effectively. Design/methodology/approach The research adopted a quantitative method using the unified model of e-government adoption (UMEGA). In this study, data are collected from 410 (...)
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  19.  10
    Credibility and trust of information privacy at the workplace in Slovakia. The use of intuition.Frithiof Svenson, Eva Ballová Mikušková & Markus A. Launer - 2023 - Journal of Information, Communication and Ethics in Society 21 (3):302-321.
    Purpose Employees may feel overwhelmed with information privacy choices and have difficulties understanding what they are committing to in the digital workplace. This paper aims to analyze the role of different thinking styles for effort reduction, such as the use of intuition, when employees make decisions about the credibility and trustworthiness of workplace information privacy issues in Slovakia. While the General Data Protection Regulation sets precise requirements for valid consent, organizations are classified as data controllers and are subject to credibility (...)
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  20.  46
    What are the consequences of corporate greenwashing? A look into the consequences of greenwashing in consumer and financial markets.Fabian Maximilian Johannes Teichmann, Chiara Wittmann & Bruno Sergio S. Sergi - 2023 - Journal of Information, Communication and Ethics in Society 21 (3):290-301.
    Purpose The purpose of this paper is to explore the nuances of the consequences of greenwashing in the consumer and financial markets. Greenwashing is discussed frequently but in very abstract terms. Hence, a closer examination of the palpable consequences elucidates the ripple effects of this widespread phenomenon. Design/methodology/approach Focal points are the concept of green marketing, the stigmatization of corporations in the media and the regulatory consequences of greenwashing behaviour across consumer and financial markets. The two markets are paralleled in (...)
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  21.  10
    Online accounting courses: digital loyalty for an inclusive and open society.Ashish Varma, Daniela Mancini, Ashwin Anupam Dalela & Aradhya Varma - 2023 - Journal of Information, Communication and Ethics in Society 21 (3):221-242.
    Purpose Online education can facilitate inclusive societal development. In emerging countries with low investment per capita in school and universities, it helps students overcome infrastructure constraints to continue their learning and reach their full potential, and it helps educational institutes to save costs and improve quality of learning. This study aims to develop and empirically evaluate a conceptual model for predicting digital loyalty (DL) among participants in online accounting courses, as a key lever to execute an inclusive societal development agenda (...)
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  22.  4
    Netiquette rules in online learning through the lens of digital citizenship scale in the post-corona era.Tahani Al-Khatib - 2023 - Journal of Information, Communication and Ethics in Society 21 (2):181-201.
    Purpose This study aims to investigate the trending term: “Netiquette” as an important element in the effective digital citizenship. The research suggests a systematic framework of netiquette rules in the field of online education based on the classical core rules of netiquette and according to the digital citizenship scale (DCS). The research also studies the corresponding responsibilities of both educators and students to raise awareness towards using technology in a balanced, safe, smart and ethical way as the shift towards the (...)
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  23.  7
    Linkage role of ICT and Big Data in COVID-19: a case of Korea’s digital and social communication practices.Paul Hong, Na Young Ahn & Euisung Jung - 2023 - Journal of Information, Communication and Ethics in Society 21 (2):161-180.
    Purpose This paper aims to discuss characteristics of Korea’s system responses with a research framework of the structure, conduct and performance theory and explain the role of information, communication technologies (ICT) and Big Data from a technology-mediated control (TMC) perspective. Design/methodology/approach This study examines the contextual nature of Korea’s diagnostic, preventive and treatment efforts. Particular attention is paid to issues related to the effective use of Big Data analytics and its applications, reporting mechanisms and public safety measures. The research model (...)
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  24.  18
    Transparency and its roles in realizing greener AI.Omoregie Charles Osifo - 2023 - Journal of Information, Communication and Ethics in Society 21 (2):202-218.
    Purpose The purpose of this paper is to identify the key roles of transparency in making artificial intelligence (AI) greener (i.e. causing lesser carbon dioxide emissions) during the design, development and manufacturing stages or processes of AI technologies (e.g. apps, systems, agents, tools, artifacts) and use the “explicability requirement” as an essential value within the framework of transparency in supporting arguments for realizing greener AI. Design/methodology/approach The approach of this paper is argumentative, which is supported by ideas from existing literature (...)
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  25.  3
    Climate change disclosure and sustainable development goals (SDGs) of the 2030 agenda: the moderating role of corporate governance.Mohamed Toukabri & Mohamed Ahmed Mohamed Youssef - 2023 - Journal of Information, Communication and Ethics in Society 21 (1):30-62.
    PurposeThis study is justified by the economic importance of information on greenhouse gases, as well as the interest in the question of governance structure after the adoption of the objectives of the 2030 Agenda. The problem is also explained by the lack of research that has investigated the relationship between the best governance structure that contributes to achieving sustainability goals, including climate actions (SDG13) and clean energy adoption (SDG7) as part of the 2030 Agenda.Design/methodology/approachThe level of disclosure is measured on (...)
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  26.  36
    The ethics of artificial intelligence, UNESCO and the African Ubuntu perspective.Dorine Eva van Norren - 2023 - Journal of Information, Communication and Ethics in Society 21 (1):112-128.
    PurposeThis paper aims to demonstrate the relevance of worldviews of the global south to debates of artificial intelligence, enhancing the human rights debate on artificial intelligence (AI) and critically reviewing the paper of UNESCO Commission on the Ethics of Scientific Knowledge and Technology (COMEST) that preceded the drafting of the UNESCO guidelines on AI. Different value systems may lead to different choices in programming and application of AI. Programming languages may acerbate existing biases as a people’s worldview is captured in (...)
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