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  1.  3
    Thomas Aquinas and Natural Inclination in Non-Living Nature.Steven Baldner - 2018 - Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 92:211-222.
    Thomas Aquinas recognizes natural inclination to be present everywhere in nature, and this inclination is always toward what is good both for the natural thing itself and also for the universe as a whole. Thomas’s primary example of natural inclination is found in the four simple elements, which have natural inclinations to their natural places. The inclination of these non-living elements is then the basis for understanding that natural human inclinations are towards goods for the human person and that the (...)
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  2.  2
    Faith, Reason, and the Liberal Order.Francis J. Beckwith - 2018 - Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 92:1-18.
    Claims of religious conscience that run counter to prevailing cultural trends are increasingly met with bewilderment and disbelief. The author argues that this should not surprise us given the ways in which the rational and liturgical status of religious beliefs and practices are widely misunderstood and misrepresented by jurists and legal philosophers. To make this point the author discusses some recent arguments found in court cases as well as in legal scholarship on religion. He encourages Catholic philosophers—who typically do not (...)
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  3.  1
    The Ethical Impermissibility of Cross-Sex Hormone Therapy in Gender-Dysphoric Minors.Phillip Berns - 2018 - Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 92:321-332.
    Gender dysphoria in children has become a hot-button topic; however, clinical data still remain sparse on the effects of hormone therapy and transitional surgery on the physical and psychological well-being of those children. The American College of Pediatricians cites studies indicating that anywhere from 77 to 94 percent of boys and 73 to 88 percent of girls desist in GD; that is, following puberty the majority of children who experience GD will identify with their assigned biological sex. After reviewing the (...)
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  4.  6
    Is Personal Dignity Possible Only If We Live in a Cosmos?John G. Brungardt - 2018 - Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 92:223-240.
    The Catholic Church has increasingly invoked the principle of human dignity as a way to spread the message of the Gospel in the modern world. Catholic philosophers must therefore defend this principle in service to Catholic theology. One aspect of this defense is how the human person relates to the universe. Is human dignity of a piece with the material universe in which we find ourselves? Or is our dignity alien in kind to such a whole? Or does the truth (...)
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  5.  3
    Conscience, Compromise, and Complicity.Jason T. Eberl & Christopher Ostertag - 2018 - Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 92:161-174.
    Debate over whether health care institutions or individual providers should have a legally protected right to conscientiously refuse to offer legal services to patients who request them has grown exponentially due to the increasing legalization of morally contested services. This debate is particularly acute for Catholic health care providers. We elucidate Catholic teaching regarding the nature of conscience and the intrinsic value of being free to act in accord with one’s conscience. We then outline the primary positions defended in this (...)
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  6. Introducing Robert E. Wood, 2018 Aquinas Medal Recipient.Chad Engelland - 2018 - Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 92:19-23.
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  7.  8
    Is the Institution of Private Property Part of the Natural Law? Ius Gentium and Ius Naturale in Aquinas’s Account of the Right to “Steal” When in Urgent Need.Francis Feingold - 2018 - Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 92:189-210.
    Is the institution of private property part of the natural law? Leo XIII seems to say simply that it is, and many modern Catholic thinkers have followed suit. Aquinas presents a more nuanced view. On the one hand, he denies that the institution of private property is “natural” in the strict sense—unlike the ordering of physical goods to general human use. On the other hand, he maintains that private property does belong to the ius gentium, which is founded directly upon (...)
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  8.  1
    Bound by the Good.Leonard Ferry - 2018 - Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 92:241-260.
    Political authority is not eliminable, even if in a globalizing world order the particulars of its exercise might be undergoing a transformation. What matters to political philosophy is whether or not its existence and exercise can be justified. In this paper I begin by contrasting two paradigmatic approaches to justifications of political authority and political obligation: political naturalism and political voluntarism. Having set the stage for the debate, I connect Aquinas’s account of political authority with the former—though one will not (...)
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  9.  11
    Metaethical Mooreanism and Evolutionary Debunking.Jonathan Fuqua - 2018 - Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 92:271-284.
    In this paper I will apply the Moorean response to external world skepticism to moral skepticism, specifically to the evolutionary debunking argument against morality. I begin, in section 1, with a discussion of Mooreanism. In section 2, I proceed to a discussion of metaethical Mooreanism, which is the view that some moral facts are Moorean facts. In section 3 I apply metaethical Mooreanism to the evolutionary debunking argument against morality. If the arguments of the paper hold up it will turn (...)
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  10.  10
    A Volitional Account of Racist Beliefs, Contamination, and Objects.J. L. A. Garcia - 2018 - Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 92:59-85.
    Prof. Alberto Urquidez, in an important recent article that appears in different form in his book, Redefining Racism, offers an informed, sustained, careful, multi-pronged, and sometimes original critique of the volitional analysis of racism, which I have proposed in a series of articles over the past two dozen years. Here I expand and improve VAR’s analysis of paternalistic racists and their beliefs, clarify its ‘infection’-model’s explanation of racism’s spread and variety, and lay out what it is for something to be (...)
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  11.  3
    A Defense of Conscientious Objection in Health Care.Christopher Kaczor - 2018 - Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 92:41-58.
    In this essay, I defend rights of conscientious objection against various objections raised on deontological grounds of rights and entitlements as well as on consequentialist, utilitarian grounds. Udo Schuklenk and Ricardo Smalling in their article, “Why Medical Professionals Have No Moral Claim to Conscientious Objection Accommodation in Liberal Democracies” raise various objections, including the Objection from the Rights of Patients, the Objection from Monopoly, the Objection from Religion, the Objection from Untestability, and the Objection from Inconsistency. This article also responds (...)
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  12. In the Human Heart.Gaston G. LeNotre - 2018 - Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 92:301-320.
    A premodern philosophy of race and racism in Thomas Aquinas resolves some seeming oppositions between the three most current theories of race. Thomas’s generational account of race is primary. It affirms the racial naturalist view that there are biological differences between people, and some of which stem from a characteristic genotype and geography. Thomas’s individual account of race is secondary but nevertheless a necessary clarification of the generational account. It affirms the racial skeptic view that these racial characteristic properties are (...)
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  13.  1
    Is the Common Good Obsolete?V. Bradley Lewis - 2018 - Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 92:261-270.
    The idea of the common good has been a signature feature of Catholic social teaching and so of modern Catholic engagement in public affairs. It has recently been suggested that the notion is now obsolete due to changes in the culture and politics of the West. In keeping with this suggestion, some argue that Catholics should abandon it in favor of an appeal based on lower intermediate goods in a manner more related to Augustine’s engagement with the largely pagan culture (...)
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  14.  1
    The Road From Ἔνδοξα to Ἐπιστήμη.Joshua Yanhan Lo - 2018 - Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 92:99-109.
    The purpose of this paper is to argue for the necessity of dialectic in Aristotelian philosophy—dialectic defined as the art of arguing from probable opinions to contradictory conclusions. In particular, I will argue that dialectic is necessary for definition. In the Posterior Analytics, Aristotle identifies three principles of scientific demonstration: axioms, un-middled premises, and definitions. In showing the need for dialectic to define, I also show scientific knowledge’s dependence on dialectic.
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  15.  3
    Humane Philosophy as Public Philosophy.David McPherson - 2018 - Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 92:137-150.
    Public philosophy is typically conceived as philosophical engagement with contemporary social and political issues in the public sphere. I argue that public philosophy should also aim to engage with existential issues that arise from the human condition. In other words, we should engage in “humane philosophy.” In the first section I fill out and show the attractions of this humane conception of philosophy by contrasting it with a rival scientistic conception. In the second section I demonstrate how the practice of (...)
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  16. Secretary’s Report.Mirela Oliva - 2018 - Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 92:335-339.
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  17. Minutes of the 2018 Executive Council Meeting.Mirela Oliva - 2018 - Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 92:333-334.
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  18.  2
    The Objective Relativity of Goodness.Catherine Peters - 2018 - Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 92:285-300.
    Peter Geach claims in Good and Evil that there can never be “just good or bad, there is only being a good or bad so-and-so” and thereby denies that goodness can ever be used in a non-relative sense. Although his rejection of absolute goodness might initially seem to be a startling and mistaken departure from the Thomistic understanding, I argue that an examination of Thomas’s texts reveal a strong agreement between them, one grounded in a common rejection of univocal goodness. (...)
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  19.  19
    Counseling Lesser and Proportionate Evils.Alexander R. Pruss - 2018 - Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 92:151-160.
    It is widely thought that it can be permissible to persuade someone set on a greater evil to commit a lesser evil instead, though the question is not without controversy. I argue that a version of this kind of Principle of Counseling Lesser Evil can be derived from the Principle of Double Effect and some considerations about the way human choices work. As an application, I argue that giving bribes to officials who otherwise would not do their job might be (...)
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  20.  3
    Philosophy, Freedom, and Public Life.Scott J. Roniger - 2018 - Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 92:123-135.
    I argue that one of the fundamental conflicts between Socrates and his interlocutors in the Gorgias concerns the nature of human freedom. Against the increasingly grandiose and aggressive claims of his interlocutors, Socrates sees true freedom as requiring discipline in speech and deed. Plato has Socrates argue for a concept of human freedom that finds its fulfillment in happiness only by being channeled through the funnels of philosophy and justice. Central to this Platonic understanding of freedom is the role of (...)
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  21. Is Purely Practical Agreement Possible? Maritain’s Mexico City Thesis Answers Some MacIntyrian Challenges.J. W. Schulz - 2018 - Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 92:175-188.
    In 1947, Jacques Maritain argued before the UN that “men mutually opposed in their theoretical conceptions can come to a merely practical agreement regarding a list of human rights.” Maritain justified this thesis using a progressive theory of the natural law which rests on a distinction between the natural law as operative in human nature and the natural law as known and articulated. Drawing on Maritain’s 1951 Man and the State, this essay defends a MacIntyrian reading of Maritain’s thesis and (...)
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  22.  1
    Public Conversion, Private Reason, and Institutional Crisis.Meghan Sullivan - 2018 - Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 92:87-98.
    Following the 2018 Pennsylvania grand jury report, which detailed the sexual abuse of clergy members, many have questioned the value of personal institutional commitment to the Catholic Church, preferring instead more individualistic expressions of faith. Alongside the sex abuse crisis, the age of free information makes the Church’s epistemology appear antiquated. This article explores the individualistic versus community-based practice of Catholicism, drawing a distinction between private conversion versus public conversion. The article offers a defense of public conversion, arguing it explains (...)
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  23. The Undestructible Foundations of Human Existence.Robert E. Wood - 2018 - Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 92:25-39.
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