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  1.  2
    Philosophy as Teacher and Pupil.Marial Corona - 2021 - Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 95:241-252.
    If philosophy is to be faithful to her calling to serve truth and humankind, she must remain a pupil, open to the enrichment that other sciences bestow on her. This paper highlights some insights from J. H. Newman and C. S. Peirce that can shed light on our understanding of philosophy as a servant to the truth. Newman and Peirce are suitable guides for this discussion since both cultivated their intellect in various disciplines, which informed their philosophical contributions. It begins (...)
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  2.  13
    Reasons of the Heart: The "Evidence" of Love in Pascal's Pensées.Francis Feingold - 2021 - Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 95:253-269.
    Pascal, in his Pensées, applies philosophy to a theological problem: reconciling (a) Christianity’s demand for absolute faith with both (b) the motives of credibility’s inability to justify absolute faith on their own and (c) the moral obligation to avoid superstition. This reconciliation hinges upon distinguishing two cognitive faculties: reason, and the heart. I will first discuss Pascal’s view of the difference between reason and the heart, and specifically how they each relate to evidence and certainty: reason discursively and probabilistically, the (...)
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  3.  10
    The Metaphysics of Mathematical Explanation in Science.Patrick Fisher - 2021 - Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 95:153-163.
    Debates between contemporary platonist and nominalist conceptions of the metaphysical status of mathematical objects have recently included discussions of explanations of physical phenomena in which mathematics plays an indispensable role, termed mathematical explanations in science (MES). I will argue that MES requires an ontology that can (1) ground claims about mathematical necessity as distinct from physical necessity and (2) explain how that mathematical necessity applies to the physical world. I contend that nominalism fails to meet the first criterion and platonism (...)
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  4.  5
    Is Nicanor Austriaco’s Reformulation of Hylomorphism in Terms of Systems Biology Successful?Marie George - 2021 - Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 95:181-194.
    The systems perspective, as applied to biology, involves regarding organisms as systems consisting of biological molecules in motion; its goal is to determine which interacting molecules make up the organism and how their interactions change over time. I argue here that Nicanor Austriaco’s attempt at reformulating Aristotelian-Thomistic hylomorphism in terms of the systems perspective fails because it looks to systems biology to answer questions that only natural philosophy can answer. These questions include whether an organism is collection of parts having (...)
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  5.  5
    The Problem of Enframing for Natural Law.William Hannegan - 2021 - Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 95:213-224.
    Understanding traditional natural law requires us to understand the concept of intrinsic nature, as well related concepts such as intrinsic inclination to an end and nature fulfillment. In this paper, I argue that proponents of traditional natural law theory should be attentive to the work of Martin Heidegger. If Heidegger is right about what he says concerning modern technology, then modern technology poses a threat to our understanding of the concept of intrinsic human nature and other associated concepts, and thus (...)
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  6.  4
    Ad Fontes: What Can a Philosophical Association Do?Joshua P. Hochschild - 2021 - Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 95:1-16.
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  7.  16
    Four Objections to a Broad Scope Theory of Intention.Harrison Lee - 2021 - Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 95:225-239.
    Proponents of “broad scope” theories of intention argue that agents cannot intend to achieve given ends without intending certain inevitable or probable consequences. I shall argue that some Thomistic variants of these theories collapse into the Expectation View (EV), i.e., that we intend to produce all of the consequences that we expect to result from our actions. I shall then raise four objections to EV. First, EV falsely implies that we intend to produce all of the expected beneficial consequences of (...)
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  8. 80,000 Hours for the Common Good: A Thomistic Appraisal of Effective Altruism.Ryan Michael Miller - 2021 - Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 95:117-139.
    Effective Altruism is a rapidly growing and influential contemporary philosophical movement committed to updating utilitarianism in both theory and practice. The movement focuses on identifying urgent but neglected causes and inspiring supererogatory giving to meet the need. It also tries to build a broader coalition by adopting a more ecumenical approach to ethics which recognizes a wide range of values and moral constraints. These interesting developments distinguish Effective Altruism from the utilitarianism of the past in ways that invite cooperation and (...)
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  9.  12
    Moralistic Therapeutic Holiness.Daniel Patrick Moloney - 2021 - Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 95:165-180.
    Christian Smith has described the religious attitudes of American youth and many adults as Moralistic Therapeutic Deism. In this formulation the word “therapeutic” does much work, and is meant to indicate that the goal of life is to be happy, to which end religion is instrumental. Martha Nussbaum has argued that Hellenistic schools of philosophy were therapeutic and instrumental in much the same way, and that this is a possible mode of philosophy even today. Appealing to the historical investigations of (...)
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  10.  11
    Habermas on Moral Motivation and Secular Hope.William Rehg - 2021 - Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 95:67-78.
    In his massive 2019 work on the history of the faith-reason discourse in the West, Habermas replies to Kant’s question of rational hope with the prospect of an eventual intercultural agreement on cosmopolitan principles of justice. To warrant such hope he points to the growth of democratic institutions and human rights across the globe. Habermas’s answer thus relies on political structures that foster transformative social movements—but not on modern moral attitudes, which he regards as too individualistic to generate collective action. (...)
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  11.  36
    Infinite Regress and the Hume-Edwards-Ockham Objection.Daniel Shields - 2021 - Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 95:141-151.
    One of the standard objections against the impossibility of infinite regress is associated with David Hume and Paul Edwards, but originates with William Ockham. They claim that in an infinite regress every member of the series is explained, and nothing is unexplained. Every member is explained by the one before it, and the series as a whole is nothing over and above its members, and so needs no cause of its own. Utilizing the well-known Thomistic distinction between essentially ordered and (...)
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  12.  1
    Presentation of the 2021 Aquinas Medal.Mary C. Sommers - 2021 - Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 95:17-19.
  13. Emotions and Moral Judgment: An Evaluation of Contemporary and Historical Emotion Theories.Josh Taccolini - 2021 - Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 95:79-90.
    One desideratum for contemporary theories of emotion both in philosophy and affective science is an explanation of the relation between emotions and objects that illicit them. According to one research tradition in emotion theory, the Evaluative Tradition, the explanation is simple: emotions just are evaluative judgments about their objects. Growing research in affective science supports this claim suggesting that emotions constitute (or contribute to) evaluative judgments such as moral judgments about right and wrong. By contrast, recent scholarship in two historical (...)
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  14.  46
    Dionysius the Areopagite on Whether Philosophy Should be Used in Service of Religion.Michael Wiitala - 2021 - Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 95:53-65.
    Should one use philosophy in service of religion? I argue that Dionysius the Areopagite gives a negative answer to this question. The relevant text is Dionysius’ Letter 7, in which he explains why he does not use philosophy to attack Greco-Roman paganism. Philosophy, according to Dionysius, is something divine. In fact, in Letter 7 he goes so far as to identify philosophy with what St. Paul calls the “wisdom of God.” As a result, philosophy should not be treated as a (...)
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  15.  20
    A Bonaventurean Approach to the Problem of Divine Hiddenness.Travis Dumsday - 2021 - Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 95:39-52.
    The PDH is an argument for atheism that has generated a sizeable literature in recent analytic philosophy. However there are relatively few treatments of patristic, mediaeval, and early modern approaches to it. This short paper contributes to remedying this dearth as it pertains to the high middle ages, surveying some relevant material from Bonaventure (1217/1221–1274).
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  16.  8
    Hildebrandian Importance as a Scale of Forms.Joseph Gamache - 2021 - Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 95:91-103.
    The present work argues that value is a properly philosophical concept, the study and understanding of which therefore requires philosophical inquiry. It does so by bringing together two, quite different, philosophers: R. G. Collingwood and Dietrich von Hildebrand. From the former, this work takes its account of what differentiates philosophical concepts. From the latter, it takes the concept of importance as differentiated into intrinsic value, objective goodness, and subjective satisfaction. After explicating the distinctive features of philosophical concepts (the intensional overlap (...)
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  17.  5
    Newman, Moral De-Formation and the Pursuit of Truth.Thomas Hibbs - 2021 - Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 95:21-38.
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  18.  9
    80,000 Hours for the Common Good.Ryan Michael Miller - 2021 - Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 95:117-139.
    Effective Altruism is a rapidly growing and influential contemporary philosophical movement committed to updating utilitarianism in both theory and practice. The movement focuses on identifying urgent but neglected causes and inspiring supererogatory giving to meet the need. It also tries to build a broader coalition by adopting a more ecumenical approach to ethics which recognizes a wide range of values and moral constraints. These interesting developments distinguish Effective Altruism from the utilitarianism of the past in ways that invite cooperation and (...)
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  19.  3
    Reflections on Re-Presentation and Symbolon.Matthew Pietropaoli - 2021 - Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 95:105-116.
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  20.  17
    Aquinas on Animal Cognitive Action in Light of the Texts of Aristotle.John Skalko - 2021 - Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 95:195-211.
    Aquinas famously held that only intellectual beings can grasp the natures or essences of things and cognize universals per se. Below these intellectual beings, however, were the non-human animals who shared many of the interior sense faculties in common with man; such animals’ highest sense was merely what is called the estimative power. Aquinas’s account of animal cognition has largely been ignored in contemporary biological research, although hopes for a resurgence have been emerging in the Thomistic world. In this paper (...)
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