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  1. Theorizing About Faith with Lara Buchak.Daniel Howard-Snyder & Daniel J. Mckaughan - 2022 - Religious Studies 59:297-326.
    What is faith? Lara Buchak has done as much as anyone recently to answer our question in a sensible and instructive fashion. As it turns out, her writings reveal two theories of faith, an early one and a later one (or, if you like, two versions of the same theory). In what follows, we aim to do three things. First, we will state and assess Buchak’s early theory, highlighting both its good-making and bad-making features. Second, we will do the same (...)
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  2.  3
    On the Incompatibility of God's Knowledge of Particulars and the Doctrine of Divine Immutability: Towards a Reform in Islamic Theology.Ebrahim Azadegan - 2022 - Religious Studies 58 (2):327-344.
    Affirming that divine knowledge of occurrent changes among particulars is incompatible with the doctrine of divine immutability, this article seeks to resolve this tension by denying the latter. Reviewing this long-running debate, I first formalize the exchange between al-Ghazālī and Avicenna on this topic, and then set out the ways in which contemporary Sadrāean philosophers have tried to resolve the incompatibility. I argue that none of the cited Sadrāean attempts to resolve the incompatibility between divine omniscience and immutability is successful. (...)
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  3.  2
    David McPherson Virtue and Meaning: A Neo-Aristotelian Approach. (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2020). Pp. X + 221. £75.00 (Hbk). ISBN 9781108477888. [REVIEW]Daniel D. De Haan - 2022 - Religious Studies 58 (2):470-475.
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  4.  28
    A New Epistemological Case for Theism.Christophe de Ray - 2022 - Religious Studies 58 (2):379-400.
    Relying on inference to the best explanation requires one to hold the intuition that the world is ‘intelligible’, that is, such that states of affairs at least generally have explanations for their obtaining. I argue that metaphysical naturalists are rationally required to withhold this intuition, unless they cease to be naturalists. This is because all plausible naturalistic aetiologies of the intuition entail that the intuition and the state of affairs which it represents are not causally connected in an epistemically appropriate (...)
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  5.  2
    William L. Vanderburgh David Hume on Miracles, Evidence, and Probability. (Lanham: Lexington Books, 2019). Pp. Ix + 195. £60.00 (Hbk). ISBN 9781498596930. [REVIEW]Leland Harper - 2022 - Religious Studies 58 (2):479-482.
  6.  18
    Are Atheist Worlds Really the Best?Kirk Lougheed - 2022 - Religious Studies 58 (2):345-358.
    Anti-theism is the view that God's existence would detract from the value of the world. A distinctive argument for anti-theism says that the very best atheist worlds are better than the best theist worlds. The reason for this is that it's possible to gain most or all of the benefits associated with theism in Godless worlds. For instance, worlds with a lesser god or several lesser gods can provide many of the benefits of theism without the associated disadvantages. While some (...)
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  7.  2
    Mikel Burley A Radical Pluralist Philosophy of Religion: Cross-Cultural, Multireligious, Interdisciplinary. (London: Bloomsbury, 2020). Pp. 245. £17.99 (Pbk). ISBN 9781350098329. [REVIEW]Finlay Malcolm - 2022 - Religious Studies 58 (2):475-479.
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  8.  1
    Mark R. Wynn Spiritual Traditions and the Virtues: Living Between Heaven and Earth. (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2020). Pp. 272. £65.00 (Hbk). ISBN: 9780198862949. [REVIEW]David Mcpherson - 2022 - Religious Studies 58 (2):482-485.
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  9.  8
    Logos, Logic and Maximal Infinity.A. C. Paseau - 2022 - Religious Studies 58 (2):420-435.
    Recent developments in the philosophy of logic suggest that the correct foundational logic is like God in that both are maximally infinite and only partially graspable by finite beings. This opens the door to a new argument for the existence of God, exploiting the link between God and logic through the intermediary of the Logos. This article explores the argument from the nature of God to the nature of logic, and sketches the converse argument from the nature of logic to (...)
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  10. The Aloneness Argument Against Classical Theism.Joseph C. Schmid & R. T. Mullins - 2022 - Religious Studies 58 (2):1-19.
    We argue that there is a conflict among classical theism's commitments to divine simplicity, divine creative freedom, and omniscience. We start by defining key terms for the debate related to classical theism. Then we articulate a new argument, the Aloneness Argument, aiming to establish a conflict among these attributes. In broad outline, the argument proceeds as follows. Under classical theism, it's possible that God exists without anything apart from Him. Any knowledge God has in such a world would be wholly (...)
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  11.  3
    J. P. F. Wynne Cicero on the Philosophy of Religion: On the Nature of the Gods and On Divination. (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2019). Pp. 308. £75.00 (Hbk). ISBN 978 1 107 07048 6. [REVIEW]John Sellars - 2022 - Religious Studies 58 (2):468-470.
  12. Building the Monarchy of the Father.Joshua R. Sijuwade - 2022 - Religious Studies 58 (2):436-455.
    This article aims to provide an explication of the doctrine of the monarchy of the Father. A precisification of the doctrine is made within the building-fundamentality framework provided by Karen Bennett, which enables a further clarification of the central elements of the doctrine to be made and an important objection against it to be answered.
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  13.  2
    W. Matthews Grant Free Will and God's Universal Causality: The Dual Sources Account. (London: Bloomsbury Academic, 2019). Pp. Viii + 248. £85.00 (Hbk). ISBN 9781350082908. [REVIEW]Gregory R. P. Stacey - 2022 - Religious Studies 58 (2):464-468.
  14. Is Catholic Faith Worth Having?Gregory R. P. Stacey - 2022 - Religious Studies 58 (2):359-378.
    This article defends the claim that firm belief in divine testimony is morally valuable, if the broad claims of Christian orthodoxy hold. I discuss Jonathan Kvanvig's recent argument that Christians should not hold that salvific faith necessarily involves belief in revelation or God's existence, because such faith is not much ‘worth having’, suggesting that this argument is dubious from Catholic and Protestant theological perspectives. I then examine some extant accounts of Catholic Faith's value, conceding that Kvanvig successfully highlights their flaws. (...)
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  15.  39
    Fully Divine and Fully Human: A Bi-Modal Outline Towards Consistency.Jc Beall & A. J. Cotnoir - 2022 - Religious Studies 58 (1):258-265.
    Philosophers and theologians have long recognized apparent contradictions in the Christian doctrine of the incarnation wherein Jesus is both fully divine and fully human and thereby exemplifies all properties essential to being divine and all properties essential to being human, including, respectively, immutability and mutability. In this article, we outline a new account of such apparent contradictions, wherein each such pair of properties involves different modal operators.
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  16.  4
    Mapping the Epistemic Arguments for Religious Toleration.Gilles Beauchamp - 2022 - Religious Studies 58 (1):217-235.
    In the literature on toleration, epistemic arguments are commonly equated with John Stuart Mill's fallibilism according to which toleration of opinions is a necessary means to the attainment of truth. This conflation does not capture the variety of those arguments and it results from the fact that a proper analysis of epistemic arguments for religious toleration and a systematic account of their different types are still lacking. The purpose of this article is to provide such an analysis and to argue (...)
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  17.  2
    The Primacy of Liturgy in Christianity.Bruce Ellis Benson - 2022 - Religious Studies 58 (1):61-78.
    I argue that liturgy is primary to the Christian faith. By ‘liturgy’, however, I do not mean merely what happens on Sunday morning. Instead, I distinguish between ‘intensive’ and ‘extensive’ liturgies, those that occur when the body of Christ meets together and when that body disperses. All of this together constitutes Christian liturgy. My thesis is not that practice is more primary than theory, for that presupposes the possibility of drawing a sharp line between them – an impossible task. Rather, (...)
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  18.  2
    African Religions, Mythic Narratives, and Conceptual Enrichment in the Philosophy of Religion.Mikel Burley - 2022 - Religious Studies 58 (1):1-17.
    Myths, or sacred narratives, have been underexplored in mainstream philosophy of religion, which has also had little to say about African indigenous religions. These lacunae impoverish the philosophy of religion by diminishing its coverage both of the range of human religious possibilities and of the diverse modes through which religious ideas and world-views are conveyed. With particular attention to Yorùbá religion, this article promotes and exemplifies a pluralistic narrative approach that draws upon mythology to facilitate philosophical reflection upon a wider (...)
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  19. Can a Worship-Worthy Agent Command Others to Worship It?Frederick Choo - 2022 - Religious Studies 58 (1):79-95.
    This article examines two arguments that a worship-worthy agent cannot command worship. The first argument is based on the idea that any agent who commands worship is egotistical, and hence not worship-worthy. The second argument is based on Campbell Brown and Yujin Nagasawa's (2005) idea that people cannot comply with the command to worship because if people are offering genuine worship, they cannot be motivated by a command to do so. One might then argue that a worship-worthy agent would have (...)
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  20.  3
    Once More to the Hotel.Landon Hedrick - 2022 - Religious Studies 58 (1):18-29.
    William Lane Craig's defence of the so-called ‘Hilbert's Hotel Argument’ for the beginning of the universe seems to be in conflict with his own presentist views, as I argued in my earlier article ‘Heartbreak at Hilbert's Hotel’. In response, Andrew Loke has defended a modified version of the argument which avoids this problem, and this defence has been endorsed by Craig. After clarifying the dialectic, I argue in this article that Loke's modification is not as straightforwardly successful as he and (...)
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  21.  3
    Susannah Ticciati A New Apophaticism: Augustine and the Redemption of Signs. (Leiden: Brill, 2013). Pp. 259. £112.00 (Hbk). ISBN 9789004257719. [REVIEW]Simon Hewitt - 2022 - Religious Studies 58 (1):294-295.
  22.  3
    Doing All Things for God's Glory, Acting so That It is God Who Acts: Kierkegaard, Edwards, and the Problem of Total Devotion.Daniel M. Johnson - 2022 - Religious Studies 58 (1):197-216.
    This article accomplishes two things. First, it explores and defends Kierkegaard's distinctive solution to the Problem of Total Devotion, a problem which has been helpfully identified by Robert Adams. Second, it extends that solution by advancing an interpretation of the command to do all things to the glory of God according to which we are being commanded to intentionally make every one of our actions such that it simultaneously counts as a divine action: in other words, to act intentionally in (...)
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  23. Annihilation or Salvation? A Philosophical Case for Preferring Universalism to Annihilationism.John Kronen & Eric Reitan - 2022 - Religious Studies 58 (1):138-161.
    In God's Final Victory: A Comparative Philosophical Case for Universalism, we argue that for every version of the doctrine of hell there is a version of the doctrine of universal salvation that, granted traditional Christian teachings, is more philosophically defensible. This article explores whether a parallel case can be made for preferring universalism to annihilationism. While assuming for the sake of this article that the chief arguments for favouring universalism over the doctrine of hell, developed in God's Final Victory, are (...)
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  24.  1
    Heath White Fate and Free Will. (Notre Dame: University of Notre Dame Press, 2020). Pp. Xii + 396. £54.00/$65.00 (Hbk). ISBN 9780268106294. [REVIEW]Mark P. Maller - 2022 - Religious Studies 58 (1):292-293.
  25. Why Does God Exist?C. A. Mcintosh - 2022 - Religious Studies 58 (1):236-257.
    Many philosophers have appealed to the PSR in arguments for a being that exists a se, a being whose explanation is in itself. But what does it mean, exactly, for something to have its explanation ‘in itself’? Contemporary philosophers have said next to nothing about this, relying instead on phrases plucked from the accounts of various historical figures. In this article, I analyse five such accounts – those of Anselm, Aquinas, Descartes, Spinoza, and Leibniz – and argue that none are (...)
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  26.  3
    Omnisubjectivity and the Problem of Creepy Divine Emotions.R. T. Mullins - 2022 - Religious Studies 58 (1):162-179.
    Over the past century, divine passibility has become the majority view within Christian theology and philosophy of religion. Yet it faces a serious objection from proponents of impassibility that I shall call the Problem of Creepy Emotions. In this article, I shall develop the objection in detail, and explore two ways for divine passibilists to answer this objection. I shall do this in several steps. First, I will offer some brief historical remarks to help readers understand that divine empathy is (...)
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  27.  37
    Judaeo-Christian Faith as Trust and Loyalty.Michael Pace & Daniel J. Mckaughan - 2022 - Religious Studies 58 (1):30-60.
    Disputes over the nature of faith, as understood in the Judaeo-Christian tradition, sometimes focus on whether it is to be identified exclusively with trust in God or with loyalty/fidelity to God. Drawing on recent work on the semantic range of the Hebrew ʾĕmûnâ and Greek pistis lexicons, we argue for a multidimensional account of what it is to be a person of faith that includes trust and loyalty in combination. The Trust-Loyalty account, we maintain, makes better sense of the faith (...)
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  28.  2
    Robin Le Poidevin Religious Fictionalism. (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2019). Pp. 65. £14.55 (Pbk). ISBN 9781108457477. [REVIEW]Carl-Johan Palmqvist - 2022 - Religious Studies 58 (1):287-290.
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  29.  13
    Faith Without Hope is Dead: Moral Arguments and the Theological Virtues.Rory Lawrence Phillips - 2022 - Religious Studies 58 (1):96-112.
    It is well-known that Kant defends a conception of God and the final end of our moral striving, called the highest good. In this article, I outline Kant's argument for why we ought to have faith in God and hope for the highest good, and argue that the Kantian argument can be extended in such a way as to show the unity of the theological virtues. This feature of the Kantian account can then have ramifications in further questions regarding the (...)
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  30.  8
    Hopeful Universalism.Michael Rea - 2022 - Religious Studies 58 (1):266-283.
    This article argues against the rationality of ‘hopeful universalism’, the components of which include the unconditional considered hope that soteriological universalism is true, and an absence of belief that it is true. Some proponents maintain that there is simply not enough evidence to affirm or deny universalism; others believe that it is probably false but nonetheless hope they are mistaken. This article argues that worshippers of God who maintain unconditional considered hope in the truth of universalism ought either to believe (...)
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  31.  1
    John Martin Fischer Death, Immortality, and Meaning in Life. (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2019). Pp. Ix + 203. $24.95 (Pbk). ISBN 9780190921149. [REVIEW]Kevin Schilbrack - 2022 - Religious Studies 58 (1):284-287.
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  32.  1
    Grant MacAskill The New Testament and Intellectual Humility. (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2019). Pp. 288. £85.00 (Hbk). ISBN 9780198799856. [REVIEW]Olli-Pekka Vainio - 2022 - Religious Studies 58 (1):290-291.
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  33.  4
    Did Natural Selection Select for True Religious Beliefs?Hans van Eyghen & Christopher T. Bennett - 2022 - Religious Studies 58 (1):113-137.
    Although it is commonly accepted that Darwinian evolution could select for true common-sense beliefs, it is altogether less certain that the same can be said for other classes of beliefs, such as moral or religious beliefs. This issue takes centre stage in debates concerning evolutionary debunking arguments against religious beliefs, where the rationality of beliefs is often dependent upon their production by an evolved faculty that is sensitive to truth. In this article, we consider whether evolution selected for true religious (...)
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  34.  1
    A Buddhist Reconfiguration of John Hick's Pluralistic Hypothesis: A Madhyamaka Perspective.Xuan Zhao - 2022 - Religious Studies 58 (1):180-196.
    In presenting his theory of religious pluralism, John Hick discussed the Buddhist concept of śūnyatā, emptiness, which he regarded as functionally equivalent to his postulated noumenal Real. This article introduces Hick's pluralistic hypothesis and reviews the major criticisms of his theory. It then investigates Hick's understanding of śūnyatā, before arguing that a Madhyamaka interpretation of śūnyatā, within the context of the Buddhist theory of ‘two truths’, differs considerably from Hick's understanding. The article suggests that the Madhyamaka interpretation of śūnyatā can (...)
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  35.  29
    Evil is Not Evidence.Mike Almeida - 2022 - Religious Studies 1 (1):1-9.
    The paper aims to show that, if S5 is the logic of metaphysical necessity, then no state of affairs in any possible world constitutes any non-trivial evidence for or against the existence of the traditional God. There might well be states of affairs in some worlds describing extraordinary goods and extraordinary evils, but it is false that these states of affairs constitute any (non-trivial) evidence for or against the existence of God. The epistemological and metaphysical consequences for philosophical theology of (...)
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