Peitho

ISSN: 2082-7539

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  1.  7
    Marina Marren’s Plato and Aristophanes.Deborah Achtenberg - 2023 - Peitho 14 (1):141-144.
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  2.  4
    Parmenides’ Structure of the Earth.Guido Calenda - 2023 - Peitho 14 (1):13-28.
    It is generally accepted that the enigmatic fragment 12 of Parmenides, supplemented by the first part of A.tius II 7.1, represents an unlikely cosmos which comprises alternating spherical crowns of fire and night, surrounding the earth. A comparison of the fragment and A.tius’ text shows that the latter adds nothing substantial to the fragment. Thus, fragment 12 can actually represent the structure of the earth, which consists of a core of fire, is surrounded by the layers of the earth’s crust, (...)
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  3.  2
    Parmenide e l’Uovo argenteo degli Orfici in Simplicio, Damascio e Proclo.Ivan Adriano Licciardi - 2023 - Peitho 14 (1):99-124.
    When commenting on Aristotle Ph. 1.3, 187a1, Simplicius in Ph. 1.3, 146, 29–147,2 establishes an equivalence between the shining «silver egg» (ὤεον ἀργύφεον) of Orpheus (fr. 70 Kern) and the Parmenidean being or, rather, one of the determinations with which Parmenides, in the section of his Poem devoted to the so-called Way of Truth, indicates the ἐόν, i.e., «resembling the mass of a well-rounded sphere» (εὐκύκλου σφαίρης ἐναλίγκιον ὄγκωι – DK 28 B 8.43). The equivalence established here is found in (...)
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  4.  3
    The paschein and pathê of the Earth and Living Beings in Aristotle and Alexander of Aphrodisias (Meteorologica 1.14).Chiara Militello - 2023 - Peitho 14 (1):69-84.
    In his 2013 monograph on Structure and Method in Aristotle’s Meteorologica, Malcolm Wilson has shown both that Aristotle conceived of meteorological phenomena as analogous to the bodily processes of animals, and that for the Stagirite the sublunar world should not be seen as a single body, but rather as composed of many different individuals. However, Wilson did not articulate the relationship between these two theories—that is, he did not answer the following question: how is it possible for the Earth to (...)
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  5. The Study of Being in Plato and Aristotle.Aidan R. Nathan - 2023 - Peitho 14 (1):29-43.
    Usage of the Greek verb ‘to be’ is generally divided into three broad categories — the predicative use, the existential and the veridical—and these usages often inform the way we understand Being in ancient philosophy. This article challenges this approach by arguing that Being is not the product of linguistic reflection in Parmenides, Plato and Aristotle; rather, these thinkers treat Being as the ontological and epistemological primary. Though this may overlap with the linguistic senses, it is not the same thing. (...)
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  6.  11
    Another Handbook on Plato’s philosophy.Artur Pacewicz - 2023 - Peitho 14 (1):145-152.
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  7.  7
    Causality at Lower Levels: The Demiurgical Unity of the Second and Third God according to Numenius of Apamea.Enrico Volpe - 2023 - Peitho 14 (1):85-98.
    Numenius is an author who straddles the line between Middle Platonism and Neoplatonism. In this contribution, I focus on the differences between the second and the third God, which emerge from analyses of the relevant fragments. Numenius emphasizes, on several occasions, how the second God (i.e., the demiurge) has a dual nature. In this paper, I investigate the role of the demiurge in Numenius and examine in what sense the second and third God are “one.” On the one hand, Numenius (...)
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  8.  1
    Wykładnia mimesis tragedii w Poetyce (6–19) Arystotelesa.Marian Andrzej Wesoły - 2023 - Peitho 14 (1):45-68.
    The aim of this article is to present a new Polish translation of Aristotle’s Poetics, namely, those of its central chapters (6–19) that deal with the Stagirite’s explication of the mimesis of tragedy. When interpreting the first five chapters of the treatise, it is important to recognize the mimetic distinctions and forms according to means and objects as well as the question of how poetic creativity takes shape (generally from improvisation through epic to comedy and tragedy). On the basis of (...)
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  9.  7
    Les deux manières d’expliquer la réalité proposées par Parménide.Nestor Luis Cordero - 2023 - Peitho 13 (1):13-24.
    Towards the end of fragment 1 of his Poem, Parmenides puts forward two methods or paths that a priori explain the same object of study: the existence of the fact or state of being. One of the options leads to the core of the truth and is, therefore, pursued. The other is merely a set of contradictory opinions and is, accordingly, abandoned. These two paths are expounded in the rest of the Poem, while fragment 4 shows that even the erroneous (...)
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  10.  7
    Platońska eudajmonia. Autor Politei o życiu szczęśliwym.Zbigniew Danek - 2023 - Peitho 13 (1):137-168.
    The article deals with several issues related to the concept of happiness that emerge from Plato’s triptych: the Gorgias, the Republic and the Laws. The focus is on (1) the question of the alleged overcoming of the eudaimonistic imperative, i.e., natural human pursuit of happiness, in the didactic message of the Republic; (2) the question of to what extent the path of cognition ending in the contemplation of the perfect being is at the same time a strive for the supreme (...)
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  11.  13
    Alētheia in Gorgias of Leontini. An Excerpt from the History of Truth.Lars Leeten - 2023 - Peitho 13 (1):45-64.
    It is often assumed that the concept of alētheia, or ‘truth’, in Gorgias of Leontini belongs to the art of rhetoric. Along these lines, it is usually understood as an aesthetic concept or even a mere ‘adornment’ of speech. In this paper, it is argued, by contrast, that Gorgianic alētheia is a definable criterion of speech figuring in the practice of moral educa­tion. While the ‘truth’ of a logos indeed has to be assessed on aesthetic grounds, the underlying concept of (...)
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  12.  10
    André Motte (1936-2021) Belgian Friend of Classical Philologists and Ancient Philosophy Specialists in Poznań.Ignacy Lewandowski - 2023 - Peitho 13 (1):201-208.
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  13.  11
    Platone, Prm. 133b4- c1 / 134e9- 135b2. Quali logoi nella gumnasia per un tis refrattario alla persuasione e sensibile alle contraddizioni come Antistene? [REVIEW]Giuseppe Mazzara - 2023 - Peitho 13 (1):83-124.
    In this study, I show how Plato in the Parmenides reprises the encounter with the Phaedo’s Antisthenes, whom I elsewhere assumed to be one of the various tis that get examined in the dialogue. Now, with the Parme­nides’ tis, a similar situation arises: this Antisthenes embodies such characteristics as being “an expert in many areas”, “not without natural gifts” and “capable of following with critical intelligence” the logoi taken from “distant premises.” In the four logoi of the gumnasia, I highlight (...)
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  14.  11
    The Figure of Socrates in Numenius of Apamea: Theology, Platonism, and Pythagoreanism (fr. 24 des Places).Enrico Volpe - 2023 - Peitho 13 (1):169-184.
    Numenius is one of the most important authors who, in the Imperial Age, deal with the figure of Socrates. Socrates is important in the Platon­ic tradition, in particular in the sceptical tradition, when the Socratic dubitative “spirit” of the first Platonic dialogues became important to justify the “suspension of judgement.” Numenius criticises the whole Academic tradition by saying that the Academics (particularly the sceptics) betrayed the original doctrine of Plato and formulated a new image of Socrates. For Numenius, Socrates plays (...)
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  15.  15
    Filolaos z Krotony, O naturze (Περὶ φύσεως) doksografia i fragmenty.Marian Andrzej Wesoły - 2023 - Peitho 13 (1):25-44.
    The present article consists of two parts. First, we provide some general information on the life and views of Philolaus. This serves as an intro­duction to the second part which offers a new Polish translation of the most important ancient testimonies on Philolaus and the preserved fragments from his book On Nature (the latter are quoted along with the Greek original). According to the most recent research, these fragments are authentic and give an important insight into the Pythagorean and early (...)
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  16.  11
    The (Un)bearable Lightness of Being. The Cyrenaics on Residual Solipsism.Ugo Zilioli - 2023 - Peitho 13 (1):65-82.
    The aim of this paper is to assess the evidence on Cyrenaic solipsism and show how and why some views endorsed by the Cyrenaics appear to be committing them to solipsism. After evaluating the fascinating case for Cyrenaic solipsism, the paper shall deal with an (often) underestimated argument on language attributed to the Cyrenaics, whose logic – if I reconstruct it well – implies that after all the Cyrenaics cannot have endorsed a radical solipsism. Yet, by drawing an illuminating parallel (...)
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