Results for 'Louis J. Goldberg'

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  1. Towards an Ontology of Pain.Barry Smith, Werner Ceusters, Louis J. Goldberg & Richard Ohrbach - 2011 - In Proceedings of the Conference on Ontology and Analytical Metaphysics. Keio University Press.
    We present an ontology of pain and of other pain-related phenomena, building on the definition of pain provided by the International Association for the Study of Pain (IASP). Our strategy is to identify an evolutionarily basic canonical pain phenomenon, involving unpleasant sensory and emotional experience based causally in localized tissue damage that is concordant with that experience. We then show how different variant cases of this canonical pain phenomenon can be distinguished, including pain that is elevated relative to peripheral trauma, (...)
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  2.  53
    The OBO Foundry: Coordinated Evolution of Ontologies to Support Biomedical Data Integration.Barry Smith, Michael Ashburner, Cornelius Rosse, Jonathan Bard, William Bug, Werner Ceusters, Louis J. Goldberg, Karen Eilbeck, Amelia Ireland, Christopher J. Mungall, Neocles Leontis & Others - 2007 - Nature Biotechnology 25 (11):1251-1255.
    The value of any kind of data is greatly enhanced when it exists in a form that allows it to be integrated with other data. One approach to integration is through the annotation of multiple bodies of data using common controlled vocabularies or ‘ontologies’. Unfortunately, the very success of this approach has led to a proliferation of ontologies which itself creates obstacles to integration. The Open Biomedical Ontologies (OBO) consortium has set in train a strategy to overcome this problem. Existing (...)
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  3.  13
    Biosymbols: Symbols in Life and Mind. [REVIEW]Liz Stillwaggon Swan & Louis J. Goldberg - 2010 - Biosemiotics 3 (1):17-31.
    The strong continuity thesis postulates that the properties of mind are an enriched version of the properties of life, and thus that life and mind differ in degree and not kind. A philosophical problem for this view is the ostensive discontinuity between humans and other animals in virtue of our use of symbols—particularly the presumption that the symbolic nature of human cognition bears no relation to the basic properties of life. In this paper, we make the case that a genuine (...)
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  4. How Is Meaning Grounded in the Organism?Liz Stillwaggon Swan & Louis J. Goldberg - 2010 - Biosemiotics 3 (2):131-146.
    In this paper we address the interrelated questions of why and how certain features of an organism’s environment become meaningful to it. We make the case that knowing the biology is essential to understanding the foundation of meaning-making in organisms. We employ Miguel Nicolelis et al’s seminal research on the mammalian somatosensory system to enrich our own concept of brain-objects as the neurobiological intermediary between the environment and the consequent organismic behavior. In the final section, we explain how brain-objects advance (...)
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  5.  64
    A Biosemiotic Analysis of Braille.Louis J. Goldberg & Liz Stillwaggon Swan - 2011 - Biosemiotics 4 (1):25-38.
    Abstract A unique aspect of human communication is the utilization of sets of well- delineated entities, the morphology of which is used to encode the letters of the alphabet. In this paper, we focus on Braille as an exemplar of this phenomenon. We take a Braille cell to be a physical artifact of the human environment, into the structure of which is encoded a representation of a letter of the alphabet. The specific issue we address in this paper concerns an (...)
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  6.  13
    On the Genetic and Epigenetic Bases of Primate Signal Processing.Louis J. Goldberg & Leonard A. Rosenblum - 2013 - Biosemiotics 6 (2):161-176.
    Four sequential, sub-processes are identified as the fundamental steps in the processing of signals by big-brained animals. These are, Detection of the signal, its Representation in correlated sensory brain structure, the Interpretation of the signal in another part of the brain and the Expression of the receiver’s response. We label this four-step spatiotemporal process DRIE. We support the view that when the context within which such signals are produced and received is relatively constant, the DRIE process can be ultimately assimilated (...)
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  7.  12
    Introduction: Mentis Naturalis. [REVIEW]Liz Stillwaggon Swan & Louis J. Goldberg - 2013 - Biosemiotics 6 (3):297-300.
  8.  94
    Ontology and the Future of Dental Research Informatics.Barry Smith, Louis J. Goldberg, Alan Ruttenberg & Michael Glick - 2010 - Journal of the American Dental Association 141 (10):1173-75.
    How do we find what is clinically significant in the swarms of data being generated by today’s diagnostic technologies? As electronic records become ever more prevalent – and digital imaging and genomic, proteomic, salivaomics, metabalomics, pharmacogenomics, phenomics and transcriptomics techniques become commonplace – fdifferent clinical and biological disciplines are facing up to the need to put their data houses in order to avoid the consequences of an uncontrolled explosion of different ways of describing information. We describe a new strategy to (...)
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  9.  20
    Face Recognition and the Social Individual.Louis J. Goldberg - 2013 - Biosemiotics 6 (3):573-583.
    Face recognition depends upon the uniqueness of each human face. This is accomplished by the patterns formed by the unique relationship among face features. Unique face-patterns are produced by the intrusion of random factors into the process of biological growth and development. Processes are described which enable a unique face-pattern to be represented as a percept in the visual sensory system. The components of the face recognition system are analyzed as is the manner in which the precept is connected through (...)
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  10.  75
    The Codes of Recognition.Louis J. Goldberg & Leonard A. Rosenblum - 2014 - Biosemiotics 7 (2):279-298.
    This paper is divided into two parts. Part I focuses on the manner in which the components of the face recognition system work together so that a perceiver, within several hundred milliseconds after seeing a familiar face, is able to both identify the face of the perceived and recall elements of the history of past encounters with the perceived. Face recognition plays a crucial role in enabling both human and nonhuman primates to interact in collaborative social groups. This critical function (...)
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  11.  13
    The Egg as a Semiotic Gateway to Reproduction.Franco Giorgi, Luis Emilio Bruni & Louis J. Goldberg - 2013 - Biosemiotics 6 (3):489-496.
    The egg behaves as a prospective cell sustaining the developmental processes of the future embryo. In biosemiotic terms, this apparent teleonomic behaviour can be accounted for without referring to the exclusive causal role played by its genetic makeup. We envision two different processes that are uniquely found in the oocyte: (1) the first involves the mechanisms by which large amounts of mRNA accumulate in the ooplasm to establish the embryo axes prior to fertilization; (2) the second involves transfer of an (...)
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  12.  5
    The Failure of Current Strategies in the Study of Central Pattern Generators.Louis J. Goldberg - 1980 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 3 (4):548.
  13.  22
    Louis the Pious and the Hunt.Eric J. Goldberg - 2013 - Speculum 88 (3):613-643.
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  14. More About Ontology: Response.Barry Smith, Goldberg Louis, J. Glick, Michael Ruttenberg & Alan - 2011 - Journal of the American Dental Association 142 (3):252--254.
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  15. McDermott, J., B11 Milders, M., B23 Needham, A., 215 Newman, RS, B45 Niedeggen, M., B23.P. Bloom, N. Burgess, J. B. Cicchino, F. M. del Prado Martın, G. Dueker, L. R. Gleitman, A. E. Goldberg, A. I. Goldman, T. Hartley & H. Intraub - 2005 - Cognition 94:257.
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  16.  14
    Struggle for Empire: Kingship and Conflict Under Louis the German, 817-876. Eric J. Goldberg.Frederick S. Paxton - 2007 - Speculum 82 (2):439-441.
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  17.  10
    Eric J. Goldberg, Struggle for Empire: Kingship and Conflict Under Louis the German, 817–876. (Conjunctions of Religion and Power in the Medieval Past.) Ithaca, N.Y., and London: Cornell University Press, 2006. Pp. Xxiii, 385; Black-and-White Figures, Genealogical Tables, and Maps. $47.50. [REVIEW]Frederick S. Paxton - 2007 - Speculum 82 (2):439-441.
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  18.  19
    Jakob J. Petuchowski: Understanding Jewish Prayer KTAV Publishing House New York 1972, XIV + 175 Pp. [REVIEW]Arnold Goldberg - 1974 - Zeitschrift für Religions- Und Geistesgeschichte 26 (2):177-178.
  19.  23
    Notes Critiques Sur le Texte de Festus Notes Critiques sur le Texte de Festus. By Louis Havet. Paris: Librairie Ancienne Honoré Champion, 1914. 2.50 fr. [REVIEW]S. P. J. - 1915 - The Classical Review 29 (06):188-189.
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  20.  8
    Margaret Cameron and Robert J. Stainton, Eds., Linguistic Content: New Essays on the History of Philosophy of Language. Reviewed By. [REVIEW]Nathaniel Goldberg - 2016 - Philosophy in Review 36 (4):154-156.
  21.  23
    DE ORATORE J. M. May, J. Wisse: Cicero: On the Ideal Orator ( De Oratore ). Translated, with Introduction, Notes, Appendixes, Glossary, and Indexes . Pp. X + 374. New York and Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001. Cased, £32. ISBN: 0-19-509197-3 (0-19-509198-1 Pbk). [REVIEW]Sander M. Goldberg - 2003 - The Classical Review 53 (01):99-.
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  22.  4
    Einstein as Myth and Muse. Alan J. Friedman, Carol C. Donley.Stanley Goldberg - 1987 - Isis 78 (2):268-269.
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  23. Homer on the Gods and Human Virtue: Creating the Foundations of Classical Civilization by Peter J. Ahrensdorf. [REVIEW]Robert Goldberg - 2017 - Interpretation 43 (2):289-318.
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  24. Review of J. Grimshaw's Argument Structure. [REVIEW]Annie Zaenen & A. Goldberg - 1994 - In Stephen Everson (ed.), Language. Cambridge University Press. pp. 69--807.
     
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  25. Utilitarianism and Empire.David Theo Goldberg, H. S. Jones, Javed Majeed, J. Joseph Miller, Martha Nussbaum, Jennifer Pitts, Frederick Rosen & David Weinstein - 2005 - Lexington Books.
    The classical utilitarian legacy of Jeremy Bentham, J. S. Mill, James Mill, and Henry Sidgwick has often been charged with both theoretical and practical complicity in the growth of British imperialism and the emerging racialist discourse of the nineteenth century. But there has been little scholarly work devoted to bringing together the conflicting interpretive perspectives on this legacy and its complex evolution with respect to orientalism and imperialism. This volume, with contributions by leading scholars in the field, represents the first (...)
     
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  26.  5
    On Computer Science, Visual Science, and the Physiological Utility of Models.Barry J. Richmond & Michael E. Goldberg - 1985 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 8 (2):300-301.
  27.  10
    Promoting Resource Stewardship: Reducing Inappropriate Free Thyroid Hormone Testing.Julie A. Gilmour, Alanna Weisman, Steven Orlov, Robert J. Goldberg, Alyse Goldberg, Hayley Baranek & Geetha Mukerji - 2017 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 23 (3):670-675.
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  28.  18
    For Logistics. Introductory Note.—M. Poincaré and M. Couturat.Louis Couturat & P. E. B. J. - 1912 - The Monist 22 (4):481-483.
  29.  16
    Minimal Risk, Administrative Firm Trials, and Informed Consent.T. J. O'Neil, H. Goldberg & H. McGough - 1991 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 14 (3):9-10.
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  30. Identification En Régime Permanent, Tome 1, Chapitre 1.E. Laroche & J. Louis - forthcoming - Hermes.
  31.  31
    Can Kant’s Theory of Radical Evil Be Saved?Zachary J. Goldberg - 2017 - Kantian Review 22 (3):395-419.
    In this article, I assess three contemporary criticisms levelled at Kant’s theory of evil in order to evaluate whether his theory can be saved. Critics argue that Kant does not adequately distinguish between evil and mundane wrongdoing, making his use of the term ‘evil’ emotional hyperbole; by defining evil as the subordination of the moral law to self-love his analysis is seemingly overly simplistic and empirically false; and by focusing solely on the moral character of the perpetrator of evil, Kant’s (...)
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  32.  83
    Biodynamic Ontology: Applying BFO in the Biomedical Domain.Barry Smith, Pierre Grenon & Louis Goldberg - 2004 - Studies in Health and Technology Informatics 102:20–38.
    Current approaches to formal representation in biomedicine are characterized by their focus on either the static or the dynamic aspects of biological reality. We here outline a theory that combines both perspectives and at the same time tackles the by no means trivial issue of their coherent integration. Our position is that a good ontology must be capable of accounting for reality both synchronically (as it exists at a time) and diachronically (as it unfolds through time), but that these are (...)
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  33.  33
    Evil and a Worthwhile Life.Zachary J. Goldberg - 2017 - In Reflections on Ethics and Responsibility: Essays in Honor of Peter A. French. Springer. pp. 145-163.
    The concept of evil plays a central role in many of Peter French’s publications. He defines evil as “a human action that jeopardizes another person’s (or group’s) aspirations to live a worthwhile life (or lives) by the willful infliction of undeserved harm on that person(s)” (French 2011, 61, 95). Inspired by Harry Frankfurt’s work on the importance of what we care about, French argues that “the life a person leads is worthwhile if what he or she really gives a damn (...)
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  34. New Books. [REVIEW]M. L., David Morrison, W. McD, G. R. T. Ross, A. E. Taylor, P. E. Winter, B. L., B. Russell, Louis Brehaut, G. Galloway, Henry Wodehouse, M. J. & C. A. F. Rhys Davids - 1909 - Mind 18 (70):285-309.
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  35.  14
    Evil, "Evil", and Taking Responsibility.Zachary J. Goldberg - 2016 - In Birgit Recki (ed.), Wozu ist das Böse gut? Mentis.
    This essay will address the question for what good or purpose is evil. First, an examination of the use-mention distinction between evil and “evil” produces two distinct questions: what good is the presence of evil in the world, and what good is the concept of evil as part of our ethical vocabulary describing human interaction. By severing all logically necessary connections between evil and greater goods, we discover that the answer to the first question—what good is evil in the world—is (...)
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  36.  38
    A Terminological and Ontological Analysis of the NCI Thesaurus.Werner Ceusters, Barry Smith & Louis Goldberg - 2005 - Methods of Information in Medicine 44 (4):498-507.
    We performed a qualitative analysis of the Thesaurus in order to assess its conformity with principles of good practice in terminology and ontology design. We used both the on-line browsable version of the Thesaurus and its OWL-representation (version 04.08b, released on August 2, 2004), measuring each in light of the requirements put forward in relevant ISO terminology standards and in light of ontological principles advanced in the recent literature. Version 04.08b of the NCI Thesaurus suffers from the same broad range (...)
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  37.  16
    A Relational Approach to Evil Action: Vulnerability and its Exploitation.Zachary J. Goldberg - 2019 - Journal of Value Inquiry 53 (1):33-53.
    In this article I seek a more complete understanding of evil action. To this end, in the first half of the article I assess the conceptual strengths and weaknesses of the most compelling theories of evil action found in the contemporary philosophical literature. I conclude that the theories that fall under the category I call ‘‘Nuanced Harm Accounts’’ successfully identify the necessary and sufficient conditions of the concept. However, necessary and sufficient conditions are not coextensive with significant features, and Nuanced (...)
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  38.  31
    The Significance of SNODENT.Louis Goldberg, Werner Ceusters, John Eisner & Barry Smith - 2005 - Medical Informatics Europe 2005: 737-742.
    SNODENT is a dental diagnostic vocabulary incompletely integrated in SNOMED-CT. Nevertheless, SNODENT could become the de facto standard for dental diagnostic coding. SNODENT's manageable size, the fact that it is administratively self-contained, and relates to a well-understood domain provides valuable opportunities to formulate and test, in controlled experiments, a series of hypothesis concerning diagnostic systems. Of particular interest are questions related to establishing appropriate quality assurance methods for its optimal level of detail in content, its ontological structure, its construction and (...)
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  39. Recovering Reason: Essays in Honor of Thomas L. Pangle.Peter J. Ahrensdorf, Arlene Saxonhouse, Steven Forde, Paul A. Rahe, Michael Zuckert, Devin Stauffer, David Leibowitz, Robert Goldberg, Christopher Bruell, Linda R. Rabieh, Richard S. Ruderman, Christopher Baldwin, J. Judd Owen, Waller R. Newell, Nathan Tarcov, Ross J. Corbett, Clifford Orwin, John W. Danford, Heinrich Meier, Fred Baumann, Robert C. Bartlett, Ralph Lerner, Bryan-Paul Frost, Laurie Fendrich, Donald Kagan, H. Donald Forbes & Norman Doidge - 2010 - Lexington Books.
    Recovering Reason: Essays in Honor of Thomas L. Pangle is a collection of essays composed by students and friends of Thomas L. Pangle to honor his seminal work and outstanding guidance in the study of political philosophy. These essays examine both Socrates' and modern political philosophers' attempts to answer the question of the right life for human beings, as those attempts are introduced and elaborated in the work of thinkers from Homer and Thucydides to Nietzsche and Charles Taylor.
     
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  40.  2
    Was ist eine böse Handlung?Zachary J. Goldberg - 2018 - Deutsche Zeitschrift für Philosophie 66 (6):764-787.
    What is the nature of evil action? My thesis is that perpetrators and victims of evil inhabit an asymmetrical relation of power; the strength of the more powerful party lies in its ability to exploit the other’s fundamental vulnerability, and the weaker party is vulnerable precisely insofar as it is directly dependent on the more powerful party for the satisfaction of its fundamental needs. The fundamental vulnerabilities that are exploited correspond to features essential to our humanity, moral personhood, and individuality. (...)
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  41. The Inevitability of Evil and Moral Tragedy.Zachary J. Goldberg - 2016 - In Claudio V. Zanini & Lima Bhuiyan (eds.), This Thing of Darkness: Shedding Light on Evil. Interdisciplinary Press. pp. 47-58.
    Although Greek virtue theory, Kantian ethics, and utilitarianism contend that evil and moral tragedy can be avoided, my paper will argue that our recognition of their inevitability provides the only means toward taking full moral responsibility for one’s agency. It is especially tragic to observe that wrongdoing is often inescapable. An agent may have overriding moral reasons to pursue one course of action over another, and yet in making the morally best choice the individual nevertheless transgresses a moral value. My (...)
     
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  42.  5
    A Legal and Ethical Analysis of the Effects of Triggering Conditions on Surrogate Decision-Making in End-of-Life Care in the US.Daniel Goldberg & J. Clint Parker - 2016 - HEC Forum 28 (1):11-33.
    The central claim of this paper is that American states’ use of so-called “triggering conditions” to regulate surrogate decision-making authority in end-of-life care leaves unresolved a number of important ethical and legal considerations regarding the scope of that authority. The paper frames the issue with a case set in a jurisdiction in which surrogate authority to withdraw life-sustaining treatment is triggered by two specific clinical conditions. The case presents a quandary insofar as the clinical facts do not satisfy the triggering (...)
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  43.  3
    Chromosome Ends: Different Sequences May Provide Conserved Functions.Edward J. Louis & Alexander V. Vershinin - 2005 - Bioessays 27 (7):685-697.
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  44.  69
    From Enlightenment to Receptivity: Rethinking Our Values. [REVIEW]Zachary J. Goldberg - 2014 - Philosophical Quarterly 64 (255):347-349.
  45.  5
    Simulated Mortality—We Can Do More.Andrew T. Goldberg, Benjamin J. Heller, Jesse Hochkeppel, Adam I. Levine & Samuel Demaria - 2017 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 26 (3):495-504.
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  46.  3
    An Ethical Framework for the Care of Patients with Prolonged Hospitalization Following Lung Transplantation.Andrew M. Courtwright, Emily Rubin, Ellen M. Robinson, Souheil El-Chemaly, Daniela Lamas, Joshua M. Diamond & Hilary J. Goldberg - 2019 - HEC Forum 31 (1):49-62.
    The lung allocation score system in the United States and several European countries gives more weight to risk of death without transplantation than to survival following transplantation. As a result, centers transplant sicker patients, leading to increased length of initial hospitalization. The care of patients who have accumulated functional deficits or additional organ dysfunction during their prolonged stay can be ethically complex. Disagreement occurs between the transplant team, patients and families, and non-transplant health care professionals over the burdens of ongoing (...)
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  47.  27
    The Search for Peace.Arthur J. Goldberg - 1966 - Thought: Fordham University Quarterly 41 (1):45-51.
  48. Mayr, S., B11 McQueen, JM, 51 Mintz, TH, 91 Moloney, M., 217.S. E. Newstead, J. D. Coley, D. Dahan, C. M. Fletcher-Flinn, A. D. Friederici, B. Geurts, E. Gibson, A. E. Goldberg, K. Harbusch & B. Hayes - 2004 - Cognition 90:337.
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  49.  38
    The Fusion of Biology, Computer Science, and Engineering: Towards Efficient and Successful Synthetic Biology.Gregory Linshiz, Alex Goldberg, Tania Konry & Nathan J. Hillson - 2012 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 55 (4):503-520.
    The integration of computer science, biology, and engineering has resulted in the emergence of rapidly growing interdisciplinary fields such as bioinformatics, bioengineering, DNA computing, and systems and synthetic biology. Ideas derived from computer science and engineering can provide innovative solutions to biological problems and advance research in new directions. Although interdisciplinary research has become increasingly prevalent in recent years, the scientists contributing to these efforts largely remain specialists in their original disciplines and are not fully capable of covering the many (...)
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  50.  14
    The Hamiltonian of General Relativity on a Null Surface.J. N. Goldberg - 1984 - Foundations of Physics 14 (12):1211-1216.
    The Hamiltonian for the Einstein equations is constructed on an outgoing null cone with the help of the usual null tetrad used in the study of the asymptotical gravitational radiation field.
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