Results for 'Audun Øfsti'

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  1.  15
    Some Problems of Counter‐Inductive Policy as Opposed to Inductive.Audun Öfsti - 1962 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 5 (1-4):267-283.
    The article is concerned with the practicalist attempt to "solve" the problem of induction. The point of departure is the concept of counter-induction introduced by Max Black and his refutation of practicalism. If we are not to beg the question whether induction yields knowledge of the future, Max Black asserts, there is a symmetry between induction and counter-induction as methods. The main point of the article is to show that this assertion is false, at least when induction and counter-induction are (...)
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  2. Analyomen 1.Audun Ofsti - 1994 - Hawthorne: De Gruyter.
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  3.  2
    Einige Bemerkungen zum spiiten Wittgenstein, zur (] bersetzung und (] ber-sichtlichkeit, zum Handlungswissen und Diskurs.Audun Ofsti - 1990 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 21:105-133.
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  4.  17
    Searle, Leibniz and 'the First Person': A Note on the Epilogue of Intentionality.Audun Ofsti - 1994 - In Ulla Wessels & Georg Meggle (eds.), Analyomen 1. Hawthorne: De Gruyter. pp. 682-688.
  5.  13
    A Theory of Permission Based on the Notion of Derogation.Audun Stolpe - 2010 - Journal of Applied Logic 8 (1):97-113.
  6.  8
    Fault Visualization and Identification in Fault Seismic Attribute Volumes: Implications for Fault Geometric Characterization.Audun Libak, Behzad Alaei & Anita Torabi - 2017 - Interpretation: SEG 5 (2):B1-B16.
    Fault seismic attribute volumes represent an efficient and objective way to visualize and identify faults in seismic cubes. Fault geometric attributes such as length, height, and fault segmentation can be extracted from such fault seismic attribute volumes. We evaluate the strengths and pitfalls of using coherence volumes for characterization of fault geometry. The results are obtained using a database from the Barents Sea, which contains 35 3D seismic cubes, together with conceptual synthetic seismic models. A high signal-to-noise ratio is a (...)
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  7.  9
    Skiing and Thinking About It: Moment-to-Moment and Retrospective Analysis of Emotions in an Extreme Sport.Audun Hetland, Joar Vittersø, Simen Oscar Bø Wie, Eirik Kjelstrup, Matthias Mittner & Tove Irene Dahl - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
  8.  31
    Norm-System Revision: Theory and Application. [REVIEW]Audun Stolpe - 2010 - Artificial Intelligence and Law 18 (3):247-283.
    This paper generalises classical revision theory of the AGM brand to sets of norms. This is achieved substituting input/output logic for classical logic and tracking the changes. Operations of derogation and amendment—analogues of contraction and revision—are defined and characterised, and the precise relationship between contraction and derogation, on the one hand, and derogation and amendment on the other, is established. It is argued that the notion of derogation, in particular, is a very important analytical tool, and that even core deontic (...)
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  9.  19
    Responsibility, Reactive Attitudes and Very General Facts of Human Nature.Audun Benjamin Bengtson - 2019 - Philosophical Investigations 42 (3):281-304.
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  10.  9
    Constraints on Conventions: Resolving Two Puzzles of Conventionality.Audun Dahl & Talia Waltzer - 2020 - Cognition 196:104152.
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  11.  6
    Rationalization is Rare, Reasoning is Pervasive.Audun Dahl & Talia Waltzer - 2020 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 43.
    If rationalization were ubiquitous, it would undermine a fundamental premise of human discourse. A review of key evidence indicates that rationalization is rare and confined to choices among comparable options. In contrast, reasoning is pervasive in human decision making. Within the constraints of reasoning, rationalization may operate in ambiguous situations. Studying these processes requires careful definitions and operationalizations.
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  12.  7
    Mothers’ Insistence When Prohibiting Infants From Harming Others in Everyday Interactions.Audun Dahl - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
  13.  2
    The Thrill of Speedy Descents: A Pilot Study on Differences in Facially Expressed Online Emotions and Retrospective Measures of Emotions During a Downhill Mountain-Bike Descent.Audun Hetland, Eirik Kjelstrup, Matthias Mittner & Joar Vittersø - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  14.  23
    Emotional Action and Communication in Early Moral Development.Audun Dahl, Joseph J. Campos & David C. Witherington - 2011 - Emotion Review 3 (2):147-157.
    Emotional action and communication are integral to the development of morality, here conceptualized as our concerns for the well-being of other people and the ability to act on those concerns. Focusing on the second year of life, this article suggests a number of ways in which young children’s emotions and caregivers’ emotional communication contribute to early forms of helping, empathy, and learning about prohibitions. We argue for distinguishing between moral issues and other normative issues also in the study of early (...)
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  15.  6
    Qmml: Quantified Minimal Modal Logic And Its Applications.Audun Stolpe - 2003 - Logic Journal of the IGPL 11 (5):557-575.
    Although first-order Kripke semantics has become a well established branch of modal logic, very little - almost nothing - is written about logics with a weaker modal fragment. We try to help the situation by isolating principles determining the interaction between quantifiers and modalities in minimal semantics. First, we let the standard-model properties of monotonic and anti-monotonic domains clue us in on how to do this – i. e. we try to articulate, in terms of the inclusiveness of the domains (...)
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  16.  11
    Self-Defeating Predictions and the Fixed-Point Theorem: A Refutation.Audun Øfsti & Dag Østerberg - 1982 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 25 (3):331 – 352.
    Anti-naturalistic critics of Unity of Science have often tried to establish a fundamental difference between social and physical science on the grounds that research in the social field (unlike physical research) seems to interfere with the original situations so as to make accurate predictions impossible. A 'social' prediction may, e.g., itself influence the course of events so that the prediction proves false. H. A. Simon has dealt with such effects of predictions in a well-known article. Drawing on a mathematical theorem, (...)
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  17.  14
    How Can One Piece Together Emotion When a Crucial Piece Is Missing?Eric A. Walle, Audun Dahl & Joseph J. Campos - 2012 - Emotion Review 4 (3):299-300.
    Attempts to explain emotion typically emphasize the interaction of evolutionary and socialization processes. However, in describing this interplay the role of the person is typically underemphasized or unaccounted for. This paper lays out empirical and theoretical rationale for considering the person as a major contributor to emotion generation and development.
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  18.  10
    Beyond Breaches and Battles: Clarifying Important Misconceptions About Emotion.Joseph J. Campos, Audun Dahl & Minxuan He - 2010 - Emotion Review 2 (2):100-104.
    While we share many of the views on emotion research put forth in Kagan’s article “Once More into the Breach,” our commentary focuses on two points of disagreement. First, we argue for the importance of a priori principles. In particular, emotions cannot be understood without reference to final and formal cause, and the related principles of equifinality and equipotentiality. Secondly, although we agree the term “basic emotions” is misleading, we maintain that the emotions traditionally called “basic” should still be seen (...)
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  19.  4
    A Concept Approach to Input/Output Logic.Audun Stolpe - 2015 - Journal of Applied Logic 13 (3):239-258.
  20.  6
    Unsettling Preferential Semantics.Audun Stolpe - 2020 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 49 (2):371-399.
    This paper is concerned with removing the identity schema from the axiomatic basis of deontic conditionals. This is in order to allow a stipulated ideal to be contrary or opposite in nature to the fact it is predicated upon. It is desirable, or so it is argued, to retain the order-theoretic orientation of preferential semantics towards the analysis of deontic conditionals, more specifically of maximality semantics in the tradition from Bengt Hansson. So understood, the problem involves abstracting away the settledness (...)
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  21.  39
    Legal Reasoning with Subjective Logic.Audun Jøsang & Viggo A. Bondi - 2000 - Artificial Intelligence and Law 8 (4):289-315.
    Judges and jurors must make decisions in an environment of ignoranceand uncertainty for example by hearing statements of possibly unreliable ordishonest witnesses, assessing possibly doubtful or irrelevantevidence, and enduring attempts by the opponents to manipulate thejudge''s and the jurors'' perceptions and feelings. Three importantaspects of decision making in this environment are the quantificationof sufficient proof, the weighing of pieces of evidence, and therelevancy of evidence. This paper proposes a mathematical frameworkfor dealing with the two first aspects, namely the quantification ofproof (...)
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  22.  54
    Reconceptualizing Emotion Regulation.Joseph J. Campos, Eric A. Walle, Audun Dahl & Alexandra Main - 2011 - Emotion Review 3 (1):26-35.
    Emotion regulation is one of the major foci of study in the fields of emotion and emotional development. This article proposes that to properly study emotion regulation, one must consider not only an intrapersonal view of emotion, but a relational one as well. Defining properties of intrapersonal and relational approaches are spelled out, and implications drawn for how emotion regulation is conceptualized, how studies are designed, how findings are interpreted, and how generalizations are drawn. Most research to date has been (...)
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  23. Self-Defeating Predictions and the Fixed-Point Theorem: A Refutation.Audun - 1982 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 25 (3):331 – 352.
     
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  24. Some Problems of Counter-Inductive Policy as Opposed to Inductive.Audun - 1962 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 5 (1-4):267 – 283.
     
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  25.  25
    Sprachspiel Vs. Vollständige Sprache.Audun Øfsti - 1990 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 21 (1):105-133.
    The article formulates a criticism of Wittgenstein's later philosophy which, in its substance, I would like to think, is fairly the same as the (hermeneutic) criticism issued by Apel and Habermas in the sixties. Contrary to these philosophers, however, I try to make the point by focusing on the distinction between language game and language, respectively between intralanguage relations of ‘family resemblance’ (between language games) and interlanguage translation relations. The notion of a ‘complete language’ is introduced — ‘completeness’ of a (...)
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  26.  9
    Sprachspiel Vs. Vollständige SpracheLanguage-Game Vs. Complete Language. Audunøfsti - 1990 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 21 (1):105-133.
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  27.  38
    Audun Kjus: Stories at Trial, Translated From the Norwegian by John C. Anthony: Deborah Charles Publications, Liverpool, 2010, 212 Pp, ISBN: 978-1906731083. [REVIEW]Bryna Bogoch - 2013 - International Journal for the Semiotics of Law - Revue Internationale de Sémiotique Juridique 26 (2):535-538.
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  28.  12
    A Developmental Perspective on the Origins of Morality in Infancy and Early Childhood.Audun Dahl & Melanie Killen - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  29.  4
    Audun Øfsti: Identifikasjon Av Fysiske Og Sosiale Fenomener.Ragnar Fjelland - 2016 - Norsk Filosofisk Tidsskrift 51 (1):38-43.
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  30.  3
    Das Metasprachenproblem und die Bedingungen einer welterschließenden, formal selbständigen Sprache.Audun Øfsti - 1994 - Deutsche Zeitschrift für Philosophie 42 (5):801-818.
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  31.  5
    Filosofisk Institutt I Trondheim 1996-2016.Audun Øfsti - 2015 - Norsk Filosofisk Tidsskrift 50 (3):172-188.
    In this article Føllesdal describes the development of philosophy at the University of Oslo, from a long period with only one professor in the subject and poor recruiting to the present situation with a strong and varied faculty educated at the best universities, which attracts young philosophers from many countries. The article devotes special attention to examen philosophicum, which is a compulsory exam for all university students in Norway, and to efforts to improve the quality of teaching at all levels, (...)
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  32.  10
    Fornuftens Selvinnhenting Og Selvbegrunnelse.Audun Øfsti - 2017 - Norsk Filosofisk Tidsskrift 52 (4):193-206.
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  33. Indexicality and Idealism. The Self in Philosophical Perspective.Audun Øfsti, Peter Ulrich & Truls Wyller (eds.) - 2000 - Mentis.
     
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  34.  5
    Speech Act Performance and Description.Audun Øfsti - 1988 - Philosophie Et Culture: Actes du XVIIe Congrès Mondial de Philosophie 3:42-47.
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  35.  19
    Sprachspiel vs. vollständige Sprache: Einige Bemerkungen zum späten Wittgenstein, zur Übersetzung und Übersichtlichkeit, zum Handlungswissen und Diskurs.Audun Øfsti - 1990 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 21 (1):105 - 133.
    Language-Game vs. Complete Language. The article formulates a criticism of Wittgenstein's later philosophy which, in its substance, I would like to think, is fairly the same as the (hermeneutic) criticism issued by Apel and Habermas in the sixties. Contrary to these philosophers, however, I try to make the point by focusing on the distinction between language game and language, respectively between intralanguage relations of 'family resemblance' (between language games) and interlanguage translation relations. The notion of a 'complete language' is introduced (...)
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  36.  5
    Zwei Dimensionen des „Denkens" der Anschauungen Sprachphilosophische Überlegungen Zu Einem Kant-Thema.Audun Øfsti - 2001 - In Ralph Schumacher, Rolf-Peter Horstmann & Volker Gerhardt (eds.), Kant Und Die Berliner Aufklärung: Akten des Ix. Internationalen Kant-Kongresses. Bd. I: Hauptvorträge. Bd. Ii: Sektionen I-V. Bd. Iii: Sektionen Vi-X: Bd. Iv: Sektionen Xi-Xiv. Bd. V: Sektionen Xv-Xviii. De Gruyter. pp. 188-196.
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  37.  8
    ŽIžEk's Jokes.Audun Mortensen (ed.) - 2014 - MIT Press.
    "A serious and good philosophical work could be written consisting entirely of jokes." -- Ludwig Wittgenstein The good news is that this book offers an entertaining but enlightening compilation of Žižekisms. Unlike any other book by Slavoj Žižek, this compact arrangement of jokes culled from his writings provides an index to certain philosophical, political, and sexual themes that preoccupy him. Žižek's Jokes contains the set-ups and punch lines -- as well as the offenses and insults -- that Žižek is famous (...)
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  38.  4
    Metacognitive Therapy for Depression: A 3-Year Follow-Up Study Assessing Recovery, Relapse, Work Force Participation, and Quality of Life.Stian Solem, Leif Edward Ottesen Kennair, Roger Hagen, Audun Havnen, Hans M. Nordahl, Adrian Wells & Odin Hjemdal - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  39.  25
    The Role of Locomotion in Psychological Development.David I. Anderson, Joseph J. Campos, David C. Witherington, Audun Dahl, Monica Rivera, Minxuan He, Ichiro Uchiyama & Marianne Barbu-Roth - 2013 - Frontiers in Psychology 4.
  40.  23
    Igneous Seismic Geomorphology of Buried Lava Fields and Coastal Escarpments on the Vøring Volcanic Rifted Margin.Sverre Planke, John M. Millett, Dwarika Maharjan, Dougal A. Jerram, Mohamed Mansour Abdelmalak, Audun Groth, Jasper Hoffmann, Christian Berndt & Reidun Myklebust - 2017 - Interpretation: SEG 5 (3):SK161-SK177.
    Voluminous igneous complexes are commonly present in sedimentary basins on volcanic rifted margins, and they represent a challenge for petroleum explorationists. A [Formula: see text] industry-standard 3D seismic cube has recently been acquired on the Vøring Marginal High offshore mid-Norway to image subbasalt sedimentary rocks. This cube also provides a unique opportunity for imaging top- and intrabasalt structures. Detailed seismic geomorphological interpretation of the top-basalt horizon, locally calibrated with high-resolution P-Cable wide-azimuth data, reveals new insight into the late-stage development of (...)
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  41. The Consensus Operator for Combining Beliefs.Audun Jøsang - 2002 - Artificial Intelligence 141 (1-2):157-170.
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  42.  4
    Students’ Perceptions and Evaluations of Plagiarism: Effects of Text and Context.Talia Waltzer & Audun Dahl - forthcoming - Journal of Moral Education:1-16.
  43. An Unconventional History of Western Philosophy: Conversations Between Men and Women Philosophers.Therese Boos Dykeman, Eve Browning, Judith Chelius Stark, Jane Duran, Marilyn Fischer, Lois Frankel, Edward Fullbrook, Jo Ellen Jacobs, Vicki Harper, Joy Laine, Kate Lindemann, Elizabeth Minnich, Andrea Nye, Margaret Simons, Audun Solli, Catherine Villanueva Gardner, Mary Ellen Waithe, Karen J. Warren & Henry West (eds.) - 2008 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    This is a unique, groundbreaking study in the history of philosophy, combining leading men and women philosophers across 2600 years of Western philosophy, covering key foundational topics, including epistemology, metaphysics, and ethics. Introductory essays, primary source readings, and commentaries comprise each chapter to offer a rich and accessible introduction to and evaluation of these vital philosophical contributions. A helpful appendix canvasses an extraordinary number of women philosophers throughout history for further discovery and study.
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  44.  2
    The Moral Obligations of Conflict and Resistance.Melanie Killen & Audun Dahl - 2020 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 43.
    Morality has two key features: moral judgments are not solely determined by what your group thinks, and moral judgments are often applied to members of other groups as well as your own group. Cooperative motives do not explain how young children reject unfairness, and assert moral obligations, both inside and outside their groups. Resistance and experience with conflicts, alongside cooperation, is key to the emergence and development of moral obligation.
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  45.  7
    William Ian Miller, Audun and the Polar Bear: Luck, Law, and Largesse in a Medieval Tale of Risky Business.(Medieval Law and Its Practice, 1.) Leiden and Boston: Brill, 2008. Pp. Xi, 155.€ 89. [REVIEW]Tim William Machan - 2010 - Speculum 85 (1):177-178.
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  46.  2
    Change in Physical Activity During the Coronavirus Disease 2019 Lockdown in Norway: The Buffering Effect of Resilience on Mental Health.Frederick Anyan, Odin Hjemdal, Linda Ernstsen & Audun Havnen - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
    Imposition of lockdown restrictions during the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic was sudden and unprecedented and dramatically changed the life of many people, as they were confined to their homes with reduced movement and access to fitness training facilities. Studies have reported significant associations between physical inactivity, sedentary behavior, and common mental health problems. This study investigated relations between participants’ reports of change in physical activity and levels of anxiety and depression symptoms during the COVID-19 pandemic lockdown in Norway in the (...)
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  47.  2
    Contradictory Information: Better Than Nothing? The Paradox of the Two Firefighters.J. Michael Dunn & Nicholas M. Kiefer - 2019 - In Can Başkent & Thomas Macaulay Ferguson (eds.), Graham Priest on Dialetheism and Paraconsistency. Springer Verlag. pp. 231-247.
    Prominent philosophers have argued that contradictions contain either too much or too little information to be useful. We dispute this with what we call the “Paradox of the Two Firefighters.” Suppose you are awakened in your hotel room by a fire alarm. You open the door. You see three possible ways out: left, right, straight ahead. You see two firefighters. One says there is exactly one safe route and it is to your left. The other says there is exactly one (...)
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