Results for 'David C. Engerman'

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  1.  9
    David C. Engerman. Know Your Enemy: The Rise and Fall of America's Soviet Experts. Xii + 459 Pp., Illus., Index. New York: Oxford University Press, 2009. $34.95. [REVIEW]Hunter Heyck - 2011 - Isis 102 (1):201-202.
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  2.  9
    Social Science in the Cold War.David C. Engerman - 2010 - Isis 101 (2):393-400.
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  3.  2
    New Society, New Scholarship: Soviet Studies Programmes in Interwar America. [REVIEW]David C. Engerman - 1999 - Minerva 37 (1):25-43.
  4.  7
    Empires, Visible and Invisible.David C. Engerman - 2021 - Modern Intellectual History 18 (1):288-297.
    Over the last decade or so, intellectual historians in and beyond the US field have deepened their engagement with the historical profession's “transnational turn.” This welcome development should hardly be a surprise; after all the turn, which began for Americanists in the late 1990s, owed a good part of its erudition and its energy to some of the most distinguished intellectual historians of that time. Thomas Bender convened four conferences at NYU's La Pietra villa—itself part of some intellectual-history footnotes in (...)
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  5.  20
    John Dewey and the Soviet Union: Pragmatism Meets Revolution.David C. Engerman - 2006 - Modern Intellectual History 3 (1):33-63.
    John Dewey, like many other American intellectuals between the world wars, was fascinated by Soviet events. After visiting Russia in 1928 he wrote excitedly about the and especially about Soviet educational theorists. In his early enthusiasm Dewey hoped that the US and the USSR could learn from each other, especially among the cosmopolitan group of progressive pedagogues he met on his trip. Observing the rise of Stalinism in the 1930s, though, his optimism dissipated; at the same time he came to (...)
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  6.  41
    Yes: David C. Thomasma, Ph.D. [REVIEW]David C. Thomasma - 1991 - HEC Forum 3 (6):349-350.
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  7. David C. Palmer.David C. Palmer - 2003 - In Kennon A. Lattal (ed.), Behavior Theory and Philosophy. Springer. pp. 167.
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  8. The Paradox of the Preface.David C. Makinson - 1965 - Analysis 25 (6):205.
    By means of an example, shows the possibility of beliefs that are separately rational whilst together inconsistent.
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  9. Special Issue The Reception of European Philosophy in Modern Bulgaria Guest Editors DAVID C. DURST and ALEXANDER L. GUNGOV. [REVIEW]David C. Durst - 2001 - Studies in Soviet Thought 53 (1-2).
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  10.  7
    Understanding Normal and Impaired Word Reading: Computational Principles in Quasi-Regular Domains.David C. Plaut, James L. McClelland, Mark S. Seidenberg & Karalyn Patterson - 1996 - Psychological Review 103 (1):56-115.
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  11.  25
    Problems of Multi-Species Organisms: Endosymbionts to Holobionts.David C. Queller & Joan E. Strassmann - 2016 - Biology and Philosophy 31 (6):855-873.
    The organism is one of the fundamental concepts of biology and has been at the center of many discussions about biological individuality, yet what exactly it is can be confusing. The definition that we find generally useful is that an organism is a unit in which all the subunits have evolved to be highly cooperative, with very little conflict. We focus on how often organisms evolve from two or more formerly independent organisms. Two canonical transitions of this type—replicators clustered in (...)
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  12.  56
    The Importance of Context: The Ethical Work Climate Construct and Models of Ethical Decision Making -- An Agenda for Research. [REVIEW]David C. Wyld & Coy A. Jones - 1997 - Journal of Business Ethics 16 (4):465-472.
    This paper examines the role which organizational context factors play in individual ethical decision making. Two general propositions are set forth, examining the linkage between ethical work climate and decision making. An agenda for research and the potential implications of the study and practice of managerial ethics are then discussed.
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  13. “They Did Not Walk the Green Talk!:” How Information Specificity Influences Consumer Evaluations of Disconfirmed Environmental Claims.Davide C. Orazi & Eugene Y. Chan - 2020 - Journal of Business Ethics 163 (1):107-123.
    While environmental claims are increasingly used by companies to appeal consumers, they also attract greater scrutiny from independent parties interested in consumer protection. Consumers are now able to compare corporate environmental claims against external, often disconfirming, information to form their brand attitudes and purchase intentions. What remains unclear is how the level of information specificity of both the environmental claims and external disconfirming information interact to influence consumer reactions. Two experiments address this gap in the CSR communication literature. When specific (...)
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  14.  15
    On the Accuracy of Personality Judgment: A Realistic Approach.David C. Funder - 1995 - Psychological Review 102 (4):652-670.
  15.  5
    Event Memory: A Theory of Memory for Laboratory, Autobiographical, and Fictional Events.David C. Rubin & Sharda Umanath - 2015 - Psychological Review 122 (1):1-23.
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  16.  73
    Conditional Probability in the Light of Qualitative Belief Change.David C. Makinson - 2011 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 40 (2):121 - 153.
    We explore ways in which purely qualitative belief change in the AGM tradition throws light on options in the treatment of conditional probability. First, by helping see why it can be useful to go beyond the ratio rule defining conditional from one-place probability. Second, by clarifying what is at stake in different ways of doing that. Third, by suggesting novel forms of conditional probability corresponding to familiar variants of qualitative belief change, and conversely. Likewise, we explain how recent work on (...)
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  17.  28
    How Do Self-Attributed and Implicit Motives Differ?David C. McClelland, Richard Koestner & Joel Weinberger - 1989 - Psychological Review 96 (4):690-702.
  18. Reappraisals of the Scientific Revolution, Ed. By and (Cambridge:).David C. Lindberg & Robert S. Westman (eds.) - 1990 - Cambridge University Press.
    List of contributors; Acknowledgments; Introduction Robert S. Westman and David C. Lindberg; 1. Conceptions of the scientific revolution from Bacon to Butterfield: a preliminary sketch David C. Lindberg; 2. Conceptions of science in the scientific revolution Ernan McMullin; 3. Metaphysics and the new science Gary Hatfield; 4. Proof, portics, and patronage: Copernicus’s preface to De revolutionibus Robert S. Westman; 5. A reappraisal of the role of the universities in the scientific revolution John Gascoigne; 6. Natural magic, hermetism, and (...)
     
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  19.  84
    What is Experimental about Thought Experiments?David C. Gooding - 1992 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1992:280 - 290.
    I argue that thought experiments are a form of experimental reasoning similar to real experiments. They require the same ability to participate by following a narrative as real experiments do. Participation depends in turn on using what we already know to visualize, manipulate and understand what is unfamiliar or problematic. I defend the claim that visualization requires embodiment by an example which shows how tacit understanding of the properties of represented objects and relations enables us to work out how such (...)
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  20.  15
    The Nature of Selection: Evolutionary Theory in Philosophical Focus. Elliott Sober.David C. Culver - 1985 - Philosophy of Science 52 (4):645-646.
  21.  12
    Memory in Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: Properties of Voluntary and Involuntary, Traumatic and Nontraumatic Autobiographical Memories in People with and Without Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Symptoms.David C. Rubin, Adriel Boals & Dorthe Berntsen - 2008 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 137 (4):591-614.
  22.  18
    One Hundred Years of Forgetting: A Quantitative Description of Retention.David C. Rubin & Amy E. Wenzel - 1996 - Psychological Review 103 (4):734-760.
  23.  38
    William James and the Metaphysics of Experience.David C. Lamberth - 1999 - Cambridge University Press.
    William James is frequently considered one of America's most important philosophers, as well as a foundational thinker for the study of religion. Despite his reputation as the founder of pragmatism, he is rarely considered a serious philosopher or religious thinker. In this new interpretation David Lamberth argues that James's major contribution was to develop a systematic metaphysics of experience integrally related to his developing pluralistic and social religious ideas. Lamberth systematically interprets James's radically empiricist world-view and argues for an (...)
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  24.  21
    A Memory-Based Model of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: Evaluating Basic Assumptions Underlying the PTSD Diagnosis.David C. Rubin, Dorthe Berntsen & Malene Klindt Bohni - 2008 - Psychological Review 115 (4):985-1011.
  25.  23
    When Science and Christianity Meet.David C. Lindberg & Ronald L. Numbers (eds.) - 2003 - University of Chicago Press.
    This book, in language accessible to the general reader, investigates twelve of the most notorious, most interesting, and most instructive episodes involving the interaction between science and Christianity, aiming to tell each story in its historical specificity and local particularity. Among the events treated in When Science and Christianity Meet are the Galileo affair, the seventeenth-century clockwork universe, Noah's ark and flood in the development of natural history, struggles over Darwinian evolution, debates about the origin of the human species, and (...)
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  26.  75
    Autobiographical Memory for Stressful Events: The Role of Autobiographical Memory in Posttraumatic Stress Disorder.David C. Rubin, Michelle F. Dennis & Jean C. Beckham - 2011 - Consciousness and Cognition 20 (3):840-856.
    To provide the three-way comparisons needed to test existing theories, we compared (1) most-stressful memories to other memories and (2) involuntary to voluntary memories (3) in 75 community dwelling adults with and 42 without a current diagnosis of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Each rated their three most-stressful, three most-positive, seven most-important and 15 word-cued autobiographical memories, and completed tests of personality and mood. Involuntary memories were then recorded and rated as they occurred for 2 weeks. Standard mechanisms of cognition and (...)
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  27.  19
    Schema-Driven Construction of Future Autobiographical Traumatic Events: The Future is Much More Troubling Than the Past.David C. Rubin - 2014 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 143 (2):612-630.
  28.  17
    Enough Wiggle RoomBalancing Act: The New Medical Ethics of Medicine's New Economics.David C. Hadorn & E. Haavi Morreim - 1992 - Hastings Center Report 22 (6):43.
  29.  2
    Memory in Oral Traditions: The Cognitive Psychology of Epic, Ballads, and Counting-Out Rhymes.David C. Rubin - 1995 - Oxford University Press USA.
    "Dr. Rubin has brought cognitive psychology into a wholly unprecedented dialogue with studies in oral tradition. The result is a truly new perspective on memory and the processes of oral tradition." --John Miles Foley, University of Missouri.
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  30. Philosophy of Medicine as the Source for Medical Ethics.David C. Thomasma & Edmund D. Pellegrino - 1981 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 2 (1):5-11.
    The article offers an approach to inquiry about, the foundation of medical ethics by addressing three areas of conceptual presupposition basic to medical ethical theory. First, medical ethics must presuppose a view about the nature of medicine. it is argued that the view required by a cogent medical morality entails that medicine be seen both as a healing relationship and as a practical art. Three ways in which medicine inherently involves values and valuation are presented as important, i.e., in being (...)
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  31.  40
    Vivid Memories.David C. Rubin & Marc Kozin - 1984 - Cognition 16 (1):81-95.
  32.  71
    Visualizing Scientific Inference.David C. Gooding - 2010 - Topics in Cognitive Science 2 (1):15-35.
  33.  60
    The Influence of the Internet on Plagiarism Among Doctoral Dissertations: An Empirical Study.David C. Ison - 2015 - Journal of Academic Ethics 13 (2):151-166.
    Plagiarism has been a long standing concern within higher education. Yet with the rapid rise in the use and availability of the Internet, both the research literature and media have raised the notion that the online environment is accelerating the decline in academic ethics. The majority of research that has been conducted to investigate such claims have involved self-report data from students. This study sought to collect empirical data to investigate the potential influence the prevalence of the Internet has had (...)
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  34.  58
    Parting with Illusions in Evolutionary Ethics.David C. Lahti - 2003 - Biology and Philosophy 18 (5):639-651.
    I offer a critical analysis of a view that has become a dominant aspect of recent thought on the relationship between evolution and morality, and propose an alternative. An ingredient in Michael Ruse's 'error theory' (Ruse 1995) is that belief in moral (prescriptive, universal, and nonsubjective) guidelines arose in humans because such belief results in the performance of adaptive cooperative behaviors. This statement relies on two particular connections: between ostensible and intentional types of altruism, and between intentional altruism and morality. (...)
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  35.  5
    Individual and Developmental Differences in Semantic Priming: Empirical and Computational Support for a Single-Mechanism Account of Lexical Processing.David C. Plaut & James R. Booth - 2000 - Psychological Review 107 (4):786-823.
  36.  63
    Evaluating Ethical Approaches to Crisis Leadership: Insights From Unintentional Harm Research. [REVIEW]David C. Bauman - 2011 - Journal of Business Ethics 98 (2):281 - 295.
    Leading a corporation through a crisis requires rational decision making guided by an ethical approach (Snyder et al., Journal of Business Ethics, 63, 2006, 371). Three such approaches are virtue ethics (Seeger and Ulmer, Journal of Business Ethics, 31, 2001, 369), an ethic of justice, and an ethic of care (Simóla, Journal of Business Ethics, 46, 2003, 351). In this article, I consider the effectiveness of these approaches for leading a corporation after a crisis. The standard I use is drawn (...)
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  37.  9
    The Ability to Recall Scenes is a Stable Individual Difference: Evidence From Autobiographical Remembering.David C. Rubin - 2020 - Cognition 197:104164.
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  38.  18
    Plato on Virtuous Leadership: An Ancient Model for Modern Business.David C. Bauman - 2018 - Business Ethics Quarterly 28 (3):251-274.
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  39.  16
    Philosophy of Medicine as the Source for Medical Ethics.David C. Thomasma & Edmund D. Pellegrino - 1981 - Metamedicine 2 (1):5-11.
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  40.  38
    What Jancis Robinson Didn’T Know May Have Helped Her.David C. Sackris - 2019 - Erkenntnis 84 (4):805-822.
    A position has been advanced by a number of philosophers, notably by Burnham and Skilleås, that certain knowledge is required to aesthetically appreciate a fine wine. They further argue that pleasure is not an integral part of aesthetically appreciating wine. Their position implies that a novice cannot aesthetically appreciate a fine wine. This paper draws on research into tasting and psychology to rebut these claims. I argue that there is strong evidence from both the average consumer and from wine experts (...)
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  41.  75
    Saccades Compress Space, Time and Number.David C. Burr, John Ross, Paola Binda & M. Concetta Morrone - 2010 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 14 (12):528-533.
  42. Why Philosophers Should Offer Ethics Consultations.David C. Thomasma - 1991 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 12 (2).
    Considerable debate has occurred about the proper role of philosophers when offering ethics consultations. Some argue that only physicians or clinical experienced personnel should offer ethics consultations in the clinical setting. Others argue still further that philosophers are ill-equipped to offer such advice, since to do so rests on no social warrant, and violates the abstract and neutral nature of the discipline itself.I argue that philosophers not only can offer such consultations but ought to. To be a bystander when one's (...)
     
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  43.  47
    Bioethics and International Human Rights.David C. Thomasma - 1997 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 25 (4):295-306.
    Increasingly, the world seems to shrink due to our ever-expanding technological and communication capacities. Correspondingly, our awareness of other cultures increases. This is especially true in the field of bioethics because the technological progress of medicine throughout the world is causing dramatic and challenging intersections with traditionally held values. Think of the use of pregnancy monitoring technologies like ultrasound to abort fetuses of the “wrong” sex in India, the sale of human organs in and between countries, or the disjunction between (...)
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  44.  25
    Bioethics and International Human Rights.David C. Thomasma - 1997 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 25 (4):295-306.
    Increasingly, the world seems to shrink due to our ever-expanding technological and communication capacities. Correspondingly, our awareness of other cultures increases. This is especially true in the field of bioethics because the technological progress of medicine throughout the world is causing dramatic and challenging intersections with traditionally held values. Think of the use of pregnancy monitoring technologies like ultrasound to abort fetuses of the “wrong” sex in India, the sale of human organs in and between countries, or the disjunction between (...)
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  45.  6
    Multimorbidity: An Endocrinologist Looks at Multi-Level Network Disruption and at What Gets Diabetes?David C. Aron - 2017 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 23 (1):225-229.
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  46.  9
    Locating Object Knowledge in the Brain: Comment on Bowers’s Attempt to Revive the Grandmother Cell Hypothesis.David C. Plaut & James L. McClelland - 2010 - Psychological Review 117 (1):284-288.
  47.  20
    The Hospital Ethics Committee Health Care's Moral Conscience or White Elephant?David C. Blake - 1992 - Hastings Center Report 22 (1):6.
  48.  17
    A Connectionist Approach to Word Reading and Acquired Dyslexia: Extension to Sequential Processing.David C. Plaut - 1999 - Cognitive Science 23 (4):543-568.
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  49.  48
    From Phenomenology to Field Theory: Faraday's Visual Reasoning.David C. Gooding - 2006 - Perspectives on Science 14 (1):40-65.
    : Faraday is often described as an experimentalist, but his work is a dialectical interplay of concrete objects, visual images, abstract, theoretically-informed visual models and metaphysical precepts. From phenomena described in terms of patterns formed by lines of force he created a general explanation of space-filling systems of force which obey both empirical laws and principles of conservation and economy. I argue that Faraday's articulation of situated experience via visual models into a theory capable of verbal expression owed much to (...)
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  50.  12
    Scenes Enable a Sense of Reliving: Implications for Autobiographical Memory.David C. Rubin, Samantha A. Deffler & Sharda Umanath - 2019 - Cognition 183:44-56.
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