Results for 'Tanya Kelley'

703 found
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  1.  73
    Building on Sellars: Concept Formation and Scientific Realism. [REVIEW]Tanya Kelley - 2008 - Metascience 17 (2):257-259.
    Harold Brown has written an ambitious work, which traces the formation of concepts in individuals and cultures, examines case studies of concepts in calculus, mathematics, biology and related fields, summarises important philosophical works on the theory of concepts, and seeks to reconcile scientific realism with conceptual change. Brown considers himself a scientific realist but concedes that this very label is one that depends on a long history of concepts that came before, and may indeed be superseded as conceptual change continues. (...)
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  2.  26
    Response From Kelley, Buckner and Petersen.W. M. Kelley, R. L. Buckner & S. E. Petersen - 1998 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 2 (11):421.
  3. Historians and Ideologues Essays in Honor of Donald R. Kelley.Donald R. Kelley, Anthony Grafton & J. H. M. Salmon - 2001
     
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  4. 13 Mike Kelley.Mike Kelley - 2007 - In Diarmuid Costello & Jonathan Vickery (eds.), Art: Key Contemporary Thinkers. Berg. pp. 13.
     
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  5. Rand Versus Hayek on Abstraction.David Kelley - 2011 - Reason Papers 33:12-30.
    Ayn Rand and Friedrich Hayek were notable 20th century advocates of libertarianism, and both of them based their political views, in part, on theories in epistemology. This paper discusses the radical difference in their views on a core epistemological issue, the nature of abstractions. Rand held that we form abstractions from the observation of particular, concrete things. Hayek held the opposite view that abstractions are primary; some are innate, some acquired from our cultural environment, but neither can be independently supported (...)
     
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  6.  38
    Mapping Our Progress: Identifying, Categorizing and Comparing Universities' Ethics Infrastructures. [REVIEW]Patricia C. Kelley, Bradley R. Agle & Jason DeMott - 2005 - Journal of Academic Ethics 3 (2-4):205-229.
    Ethics researchers have scrutinized ethical business problems, which have been demonstrated through the actions of managers at Enron, WorldCom, and Arthur Andersen, among others. In response to these business transgressions, the US government has implemented the Sarbanes–Oxley Act to shore up businesses’ ethics infrastructures. However, universities, too, struggle with ethics problems. These include NCAA (National Collegiate Athletic Association) violations, discrimination issues, sexual harassment, endowment admits, plagiarism, and research funding manipulation. Despite these problems, we have little knowledge regarding universities’ ethics infrastructures (...)
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  7. A Life of One's Own Individual Rights and the Welfare State.David Kelley - 1998
    David Kelley presents empirical evidence of the welfare state’s effects on behavior, historical research on the origins of the welfare state, and philosophical clarification of such core ideas as freedom and rights. After a careful examination of the various arguments made on behalf of welfare rights, Kelley concludes that “the concept of welfare rights is invalid.”.
     
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  8.  11
    Reply to Jonathan Jacobs: Contesting a Review.David Kelley - 2002 - Journal of Ayn Rand Studies 4 (1):237 - 239.
    David Kelley responds to Jonathan Jacobs' review of his The Contested Legacy of Ayn Rand' Truth and Toleration in Objectivism ("A Contest of Wills," Journal of Ayn Rand Studies, Fall 2001). He argues that his goal was not to provide a technical treatise on Objectivism, but to focus on a debate within Objectivism. Toward the former end, he provides a brief bibliography of relevant technical treatments of Objectivist epistemology and ethics.
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  9.  7
    Reasoning About Art.David Kelley - 2001 - Journal of Ayn Rand Studies 2 (2):335 - 340.
    David Kelley discusses the relationship between philosophy and sense of life and explains why he and William Thomas do not consider sense of life essential to the explanation of why art is a major human value, though it is essential to explaining how people create and experience art. Kelley also challenges the claim by Kamhi and Torres (in their article, "Critical Neglect of Ayn Rand's Theory of Art? Journal of Ayn Rand Studies, Fall 2000) that aesthetics, as a (...)
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  10. Forgiveness.Andrew Kelley (ed.) - 2005 - University of Chicago Press.
    Philosopher Vladimir Jankélévitch has only recently begun to receive his due from the English-speaking world, thanks in part to discussions of his thought by Jacques Derrida, Emmanuel Lévinas, and Paul Ricoeur. His international readers have long valued his unique, interdisciplinary approach to philosophy’s greatest questions and his highly readable writing style. Originally published in 1967, _Le Pardon,_ or _Forgiveness,_ is one of Jankélévitch’s most influential works. In it, he characterizes the ultimate ethical act of forgiving as behaving toward the perpetrator (...)
     
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  11. Forgiveness.Andrew Kelley (ed.) - 2013 - University of Chicago Press.
    Philosopher Vladimir Jankélévitch has only recently begun to receive his due from the English-speaking world, thanks in part to discussions of his thought by Jacques Derrida, Emmanuel Lévinas, and Paul Ricoeur. His international readers have long valued his unique, interdisciplinary approach to philosophy’s greatest questions and his highly readable writing style. Originally published in 1967, _Le Pardon,_ or _Forgiveness,_ is one of Jankélévitch’s most influential works. In it, he characterizes the ultimate ethical act of forgiving as behaving toward the perpetrator (...)
     
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  12. The Bad Conscience.Andrew Kelley (ed.) - 2014 - University of Chicago Press.
    Vladimir Jankélévitch was one of the most distinctive voices in twentieth-century philosophy. In _The Bad Conscience_—published in 1933 and subsequently revised and expanded—Jankélévitch lays the foundations for his later work, _Forgiveness,_ grappling with the conditions that give rise to the moral awareness without which forgiveness would make no sense. Remorse, or “the bad conscience,” arises from the realization that the acts one has committed become irrevocable. This realization, in turn, gives rise to an awareness of moral virtues and values, as (...)
     
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  13. Versions of History From Antiquity to the Enlightenment.Donald R. Kelley (ed.) - 1991 - Yale University Press.
    The problems, purposes, and methods of history writing have been the subject of debate for almost three millennia. Should history be political or philosophical? Is the writing of history an art or a science? What are the limitations of history? This book is an intriguing collection of views on these and other aspects of history writing by eminent Western historians from early Greece to the end of the eighteenth century. The book contains major texts from 112 historians, both well-known and (...)
     
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  14.  17
    The Effects of Perceived Corporate Social Responsibility on Employee Attitudes.Ante Glavas & Ken Kelley - 2014 - Business Ethics Quarterly 24 (2):165-202.
    ABSTRACT:We explore the impact on employee attitudes of their perceptions of how others outside the organization are treated above and beyond the impact of how employees are directly treated by the organization. Results of a study of 827 employees in eighteen organizations show that employee perceptions of corporate social responsibility are positively related to organizational commitment with the relationship being partially mediated by work meaningfulness and perceived organizational support and job satisfaction with work meaningfulness partially mediating the relationship but not (...)
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  15.  25
    Patient Perspectives on the Learning Health System: The Importance of Trust and Shared Decision Making.Maureen Kelley, Cyan James, Stephanie Alessi Kraft, Diane Korngiebel, Isabelle Wijangco, Emily Rosenthal, Steven Joffe, Mildred K. Cho, Benjamin Wilfond & Sandra Soo-Jin Lee - 2015 - American Journal of Bioethics 15 (9):4-17.
    We conducted focus groups to assess patient attitudes toward research on medical practices in the context of usual care. We found that patients focus on the implications of this research for their relationship with and trust in their physicians. Patients view research on medical practices as separate from usual care, demanding dissemination of information and in most cases, individual consent. Patients expect information about this research to come through their physician, whom they rely on to identify and filter associated risks. (...)
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  16.  58
    The Effect of Context on Moral Intensity of Ethical Issues: Revising Jones's Issue-Contingent Model. [REVIEW]Patricia C. Kelley & Dawn R. Elm - 2003 - Journal of Business Ethics 48 (2):139 - 154.
    Jones's (1991) issue-contingent model of ethical decision making posits that six dimensions of moral intensity influence decision markers' recognition of an issue as a moral problem and subsequent behavior. He notes that "organizational settings present special challenges to moral agents" (1991, p. 390) and that organizational factors affect "moral decision making and behavior at two points: establishing moral intent and engaging in moral behavior" (1991, p. 391). This model, however, minimizes both the impact of organizational setting and organizational factors on (...)
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  17.  72
    The Welfare-Nihilist Arguments Against Judgment Subjectivism.Anthony Kelley - forthcoming - Journal of Ethics and Social Philosophy.
    One way to construe subjectivism about well-being is as the view that x is basically good for S if and only if, because, and to the extent that x is valued, under the proper conditions, by S. Dale Dorsey argues for an idealized, judgment-based theory of valuing, one according to which a person values a thing if and only if, because, and to the extent that she would believe, under the proper conditions, that it is basically good for herself. Call (...)
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  18. The Art of Reasoning.David Kelley - 2013 - W. W. Norton & Company.
     
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  19.  20
    Striving for Clarity About the “Lamarckian” Nature of CRISPR-Cas Systems.Sam Woolley, Emily C. Parke, David Kelley, Anthony M. Poole & Austen R. D. Ganley - 2019 - Biology and Philosophy 34 (1):11.
    Koonin argues that CRISPR-Cas systems present the best-known case in point for Lamarckian evolution because they satisfy his proposed criteria for the specific inheritance of acquired adaptive characteristics. We see two interrelated issues with Koonin’s characterization of CRISPR-Cas systems as Lamarckian. First, at times he appears to confuse an account of the CRISPR-Cas system with an account of the mechanism it employs. We argue there is no evidence for the CRISPR-Cas system being “Lamarckian” in any sense. Second, it is unclear (...)
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  20.  9
    Becoming Famous Without Being Recognized: Unconscious Influences of Memory Produced by Dividing Attention.Larry L. Jacoby, Vera Woloshyn & Colleen Kelley - 1989 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 118 (2):115-125.
  21.  13
    Evidence-Based Practice and Psychological Treatments: The Imperatives of Informed Consent.Charlotte R. Blease, Scott O. Lilienfeld & John M. Kelley - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
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  22.  45
    Ethical Behavior Among Marketing Researchers: An Assessment of Selected Demographic Characteristics. [REVIEW]S. W. Kelley, O. C. Ferrell & S. J. Skinner - 1990 - Journal of Business Ethics 9 (8):681 - 688.
    This study considers the relationship between perceptions of ethical behavior and the demographic characteristics of sex, age, education level, job title, and job tenure among a sample of marketing researchers. The findings of this study indicate that female marketing researchers, older marketing researchers, and marketing researchers holding their present job for ten years or more generally rate their behavior as more ethical.
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  23. Unconscious Influences of Memory: Dissociations and Automaticity.Larry L. Jacoby & Clarence M. Kelley - 1991 - In A. David Milner & M. D. Rugg (eds.), The Neuropsychology of Consciousness. Academic Press.
  24.  27
    The Construction of Subjective Experience: Memory Attributions.Clarence M. Kelley & Larry L. Jacoby - 1990 - Mind and Language 5 (1):49-68.
  25.  17
    When Asking the Question Changes the Ultimate Answer: Metamemory Judgments Change Memory.Ainsley L. Mitchum, Colleen M. Kelley & Mark C. Fox - 2016 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 145 (2):200-219.
  26.  31
    Stillbirth Should Be Given Greater Priority on the Global Health Agenda.Zeshan U. Qureshi, Joseph Millum, Hannah Blencowe, Maureen Kelley, Joy E. Lawn, Anthony Costello & Tim Colbourn - 2015 - British Medical Journal 351:h4620.
    Stillbirths are largely excluded from international measures of mortality and morbidity. Zeshan Qureshi and colleagues argue that stillbirth should be higher on the global health agenda.
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  27.  7
    Is Conditioned Immunosuppression Truly Conditioned?Keith W. Kelley & Robert Dantzer - 1986 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 9 (4):758-760.
  28.  9
    Crossing the Divide: Lessons From Developing Wind Energy in Post‐Fact America.Peter L. Kelley - 2018 - Zygon 53 (2):642-662.
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  29.  8
    What Can the Organization of the Brain’s Default Mode Network Tell Us About Self-Knowledge?Joseph M. Moran, William M. Kelley & Todd F. Heatherton - 2013 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.
  30.  11
    Developing Sustainable Strategies: Foundations, Method, and Pedagogy.Scott Kelley & Ron Nahser - 2014 - Journal of Business Ethics 123 (4):631-644.
    While the United Nations Principles of Responsible Management Education are a very positive development in the horizon of management education over the last decade, there are still many significant challenges for engaging the mind of the manager in ways that will foster the values of PRME and the UN Global Compact. Responsible management education must address three foundational challenges in business education if it is to actualize the aspirations of PRME: it must confront the cognitional myth that knowing is like (...)
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  31.  10
    Mortality Salience Biases Attention to Positive Versus Negative Images Among Individuals Higher in Trait Self-Control.Nicholas J. Kelley, David Tang & Brandon J. Schmeichel - 2014 - Cognition and Emotion 28 (3):550-559.
  32.  4
    Understanding Police Performance Under Stress: Insights From the Biopsychosocial Model of Challenge and Threat.Donovan C. Kelley, Erika Siegel & Jolie B. Wormwood - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  33.  11
    Is Visual Image Sequencing Under Verbal Control?Robert J. Weber, Joe Kelley & Susan Little - 1972 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 96 (2):354-362.
  34. The Evidence Of The Senses: A Realist Theory Of Perception.David Kelley - 1986 - Baton Rouge: Louisiana St University Press.
  35.  53
    Limits on Patient Responsibility.Maureen Kelley - 2005 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 30 (2):189 – 206.
    The medical profession and medical ethics currently place a greater emphasis on physician responsibility than patient responsibility. This imbalance is not due to accident or a mistake but, rather is motivated by strong moral reasons. As we debate the nature and extent of patient responsibility it is important to keep in mind the reasons for giving a relatively minimal role to patient responsibility in medical ethics. It is argued that the medical profession ought to be characterized by two moral asymmetries: (...)
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  36.  53
    In Search of the Uniquely Human.Tomasello Michael, Carpenter Malinda, Call Josep, Behne Tanya & Moll Henrike - 2005 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (5):721-727.
    As Bruner so eloquently points out, and Gauvain echoes, human beings are unique in their “locality.” Individual groups of humans develop their own unique ways of symbolizing and doing things – and these can be very different from the ways of other groups, even those living quite nearby. Our attempt in the target article was to propose a theory of the social-cognitive and social-motivational bases of humans' ability and propensity to live in this local, that is, this cultural, way – (...)
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  37.  17
    Biodefence and the Production of Knowledge: Rethinking the Problem.A. Buchanan & M. C. Kelley - 2013 - Journal of Medical Ethics 39 (4):195-204.
    Next SectionBiodefence, broadly understood as efforts to prevent or mitigate the damage of a bioterrorist attack, raises a number of ethical issues, from the allocation of scarce biomedical research and public health funds, to the use of coercion in quarantine and other containment measures in the event of an outbreak. In response to the US bioterrorist attacks following September 11, significant US policy decisions were made to spur scientific enquiry in the name of biodefence. These decisions led to a number (...)
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  38.  19
    Adrift in the Gray Zone: IRB Perspectives on Research in the Learning Health System.Sandra Soo-Jin Lee, Maureen Kelley, Mildred K. Cho, Stephanie Alessi Kraft, Cyan James, Melissa Constantine, Adrienne N. Meyer, Douglas Diekema, Alexander M. Capron, Benjamin S. Wilfond & David Magnus - 2016 - Ajob Empirical Bioethics 7 (2):125-134.
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  39.  4
    Does Disclosure About the Common Factors Affect Laypersons' Opinions About How Cognitive Behavioral Psychotherapy Works?Charlotte R. Blease & John M. Kelley - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  40.  57
    Unconscious Influences of Memory for a Prior Event.Larry L. Jacoby & Clarence M. Kelley - 1987 - Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin 13:314-36.
  41. Robotic Dreams: A Computational Justification for the Post-Hoc Processing of Episodic Memories.Troy Dale Kelley - 2014 - International Journal of Machine Consciousness 6 (2):109-123.
    As part of the development of the Symbolic and Sub-symbolic Robotics Intelligence Control System, we have implemented a memory store to allow a robot to retain knowledge from previous exp...
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  42.  34
    Intellectual History in a Global Age.Donald R. Kelley - 2005 - Journal of the History of Ideas 66 (2):155-167.
  43. The Descent of Ideas the History of Intellectual History.Donald R. Kelley - 2002
     
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  44.  39
    Ensuring Validity in the Measurement of Corporate Social Performance: Lessons From Corporate United Way and Pac Campaigns. [REVIEW]Bradley R. Agle & Patricia C. Kelley - 2001 - Journal of Business Ethics 31 (3):271 - 284.
    Building on philosophy of science literature and two original studies, this paper argues for the necessity of incorporating all three portions of Wood''s (1991) theoretical model of corporate social performance (CSP) into its measurement. It begins by describing the two studies of an organizational phenomenon not commonly studied – internal fund drives to employees. Insights from these studies of corporate PAC and United Way campaigns are then used to illustrate how important it is to incorporate all three portions of Wood''s (...)
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  45.  1
    Is 8:30 A.M. Still Too Early to Start School? A 10:00 A.M. School Start Time Improves Health and Performance of Students Aged 13–16. [REVIEW]Paul Kelley, Steven W. Lockley, Jonathan Kelley & Mariah D. R. Evans - 2017 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 11.
  46. The Old Cultural History.Donald R. Kelley - 1996 - History of the Human Sciences 9 (3):101-126.
  47.  42
    The Construction of Subjective Experience: Memory Attributions.Colleen M. Kelley & Larry L. Jacoby - 1990 - Mind and Language 5 (1):49-68.
  48.  25
    What is Happening to the History of Ideas?Donald R. Kelley - 1990 - Journal of the History of Ideas 51 (1):3.
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  49.  13
    Horizons Of Intellectual History: Retrospect, Circumspect, Prospect.Donald R. Kelley - 1987 - Journal of the History of Ideas 48 (January-March):143-169.
  50.  52
    Statistical Models for Predicting Threat Detection From Human Behavior.Timothy Kelley, Mary J. Amon & Bennett I. Bertenthal - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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