Results for 'Ehud Lamm'

142 found
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  1.  18
    For the Synthesis Was a Boojum, You See. [REVIEW]Ehud Lamm - 2018 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews:0-0.
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  2. The Nurture of Nature: Hereditary Plasticity in Evolution.Ehud Lamm & Eva Jablonka - 2008 - Philosophical Psychology 21 (3):305 – 319.
    The dichotomy between Nature and Nurture, which has been dismantled within the framework of development, remains embodied in the notions of plasticity and evolvability. We argue that plasticity and evolvability, like development and heredity, are neither dichotomous nor distinct: the very same mechanisms may be involved in both, and the research perspective chosen depends to a large extent on the type of problem being explored and the kinds of questions being asked. Epigenetic inheritance leads to transgenerationally extended plasticity, and developmentally-induced (...)
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  3.  45
    The Genome as a Developmental Organ.Ehud Lamm - 2014 - Journal of Physiology 592 (11):2237-2244.
    This paper applies the conceptual toolkit of Evolutionary Developmental Biology (evo‐devo) to the evolution of the genome and the role of the genome in organism development. This challenges both the Modern Evolutionary Synthesis, the dominant view in evolutionary theory for much of the 20th century, and the typically unreflective analysis of heredity by evo‐devo. First, the history of the marginalization of applying system‐thinking to the genome is described. Next, the suggested framework is presented. Finally, its application to the evolution of (...)
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  4. Big Dreams for Small Creatures: Ilana and Eugene Rosenberg’s Path to the Hologenome Theory.Ehud Lamm - 2016 - In Oren Harman & Michael Dietrich (eds.), Dreamers, Visionaries, and Revolutionaries in the Life Sciences. Chicago University Press.
    A biographical sketch of the Hologenome Theory.
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  5.  19
    Systems Thinking Versus Population Thinking: Genotype Integration and Chromosomal Organization 1930s–1950s.Ehud Lamm - 2015 - Journal of the History of Biology 48 (4):1-55.
    This article describes how empirical discoveries in the 1930s–1950s regarding population variation for chromosomal inversions affected Theodosius Dobzhansky and Richard Goldschmidt. A significant fraction of the empirical work I discuss was done by Dobzhansky and his coworkers; Goldschmidt was an astute interpreter, with strong and unusual commitments. I argue that both belong to a mechanistic tradition in genetics, concerned with the effects of chromosomal organization and systems on the inheritance patterns of species. Their different trajectories illustrate how scientists’ commitments affect (...)
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  6. Inferring Coevolution.Ehud Lamm & Ohad Kammar - 2014 - Philosophy of Science 81 (4):592-611.
    We discuss two inference patterns for inferring the coevolution of two characters based on their properties at a single point in time and determine when developmental interactions can be used to deduce evolutionary order. We discuss the use of the inference patterns we present in the biological literature and assess the arguments’ validity, the degree of support they give to the evolutionary conclusion, how they can be corroborated with empirical evidence, and to what extent they suggest new empirically addressable questions. (...)
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  7. Integrating Evolution and Development: From Theory to Practice.Ehud Lamm & Eva Jablonka - 2008 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 51 (4):636-647.
    This volume joins a growing list of books, monographs, and proceedings from scientific meetings that attempt to consolidate the wide spectrum of approaches emphasizing the role of development in evolution into a coherent and productive synthesis, often called evo-devo. Evo-devo is seen as a replacement or amendment of the modern synthesis that has dominated the field of evolution since the 1940s and which, as even its architects confessed, was fundamentally incomplete because development remained outside its theoretical framework (Mayr and Provine (...)
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  8.  35
    Cultural Group Selection and Holobiont Evolution – a Comparison of Structures of Evolution.Ehud Lamm - 2016 - In Snait Gissis, Ehud Lamm & Ayelet Shavit (eds.), Landscapes of Collectivity in the Life Sciences. MIT Press.
    The notion of structure of evolution is proposed to capture what it means to say that two situations exhibit the same or similar constellations of factors affecting evolution. The key features of holobiont evolution and the hologenome theory are used to define a holobiont structure of evolution. Finally, Cultural Group Selection, a set of hypotheses regarding the evolution of human cognition, is shown to match the holobiont structure closely though not perfectly.
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  9.  24
    Exposing Medical Pseudo-Science May Be Unethical.Ehud Lamm - manuscript
    An argument is presented according to which exposing pseudo-scientific medical claims may be ethically wrong. It is then suggested that this argument gives an interesting explanation why the successful outing of pseudo-science may lead to an increase in medical pseudo-science overall.
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  10.  56
    Inheritance Systems.Ehud Lamm - 2012 - The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (Spring 2012 Edition).
    Organisms inherit various kinds of developmental information and cues from their parents. The study of inheritance systems is aimed at identifying and classifying the various mechanisms and processes of heredity, the types of hereditary information that is passed on by each, the functional interaction between the different systems, and the evolutionary consequences of these properties. We present the discussion of inheritance systems in the context of several debates. First, between proponents of monism about heredity (gene-centric views), holism about heredity (Developmental (...)
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  11.  64
    The Metastable Genome: A Lamarckian Organ in a Darwinian World?Ehud Lamm - 2011 - In Eva Jablonka & Snait Gissis (eds.), Transformations of Lamarckism: from subtle fluids to molecular biology. MIT Press.
    This article is arranged around two general claims and a thought experiment. I begin by suggesting that the genome should be studied as a developmental system, and that genes supervene on genomes (rather than the other way around). I move on to present a thought experiment that illustrates the implications a dynamic view of the genome has for central concepts in biology, in particular the information content of the genome, and the notion of responses to stress.
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  12.  10
    Was Regression to the Mean Really the Solution to Darwin’s Problem with Heredity? [REVIEW]Adam Krashniak & Ehud Lamm - 2017 - Biology and Philosophy (5):1-10.
    Statistical reasoning is an integral part of modern scientific practice. In The Seven Pillars of Statistical Wisdom Stephen Stigler presents seven core ideas, or pillars, of statistical thinking and the historical developments of each of these pillars, many of which were concurrent with developments in biology. Here we focus on Stigler’s fifth pillar, regression, and his discussion of how regression to the mean came to be thought of as a solution to a challenge for the theory of natural selection. Stigler (...)
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  13.  40
    Theoreticians as Professional Outsiders: The Modeling Strategies of John von Neumann and Norbert Wiener.Ehud Lamm - 2013 - In Oren Harman & Michael Dietrich (eds.), Outsider Scientists: Routes to Innovation in Biology. Chicago University Press.
    Both von Neumann and Wiener were outsiders to biology. Both were inspired by biology and both proposed models and generalizations that proved inspirational for biologists. Around the same time in the 1940s von Neumann developed the notion of self reproducing automata and Wiener suggested an explication of teleology using the notion of negative feedback. These efforts were similar in spirit. Both von Neumann and Wiener used mathematical ideas to attack foundational issues in biology, and the concepts they articulated had lasting (...)
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  14.  43
    Conceptual and Methodological Biases in Network Models.Ehud Lamm - 2009 - Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 1178:291-304.
    Many natural and biological phenomena can be depicted as networks. Theoretical and empirical analyses of networks have become prevalent. I discuss theoretical biases involved in the delineation of biological networks. The network perspective is shown to dissolve the distinction between regulatory architecture and regulatory state, consistent with the theoretical impossibility of distinguishing a priori between “program” and “data”. The evolutionary significance of the dynamics of trans-generational and inter-organism regulatory networks is explored and implications are presented for understanding the evolution of (...)
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  15.  28
    Hopeful Heretic – Richard Goldschmidt’s Genetic Metaphors.Ehud Lamm - 2008 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 30 (3-4):387-406.
    Richard Goldschmidt famously rejected the notion of atomic and corpuscular genes, arranged on the chromosome like beads-on-a-string. I provide an exegesis of Goldschmidt’s intuition by analyzing his repeated and extensive use of metaphorical language and analogies in his attempts to convey his notion of the nature of the genetic material and specifically the significance of chromosomal pattern. The paper concentrates on Goldschmidt’s use of metaphors in publications spanning 1940-1955. -/- .
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  16.  25
    Review Of: Julian Huxley, Evolution: The Modern Synthesis – The Definitive Edition. [REVIEW]Ehud Lamm - 2010 - Integrative Psychological and Behavioral Science.
    The review focuses on Huxley’s debt to Richard Goldschmidt and Cyril Darlington. I discuss the conceptions of the genome developed by Goldschmidt and Darlington and their continuing relevance.
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  17. Landscapes of Collectivity in the Life Sciences.Snait Gissis, Ehud Lamm & Ayelet Shavit (eds.) - forthcoming - MIT Press.
    The aim of the book is to explore common concerns regarding methodological individualism in different fields of the life sciences broadly construed. It will address conceptual problems regarding individuals and their relation and dependence on the collectivities they are part of and consider innovative new viewpoints, grounded in specific scientific projects that question the present descriptions and understanding and raise challenges. A wide variety of recent, influential contributions in the life sciences utilize notions of collectivity, sociality, rich interactions and emergent (...)
     
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  18. Genes Versus Genomes: The Role of Genome Organization in Evolution.Ehud Lamm - 2010 - Dissertation, Tel Aviv University
    Recent and not so recent advances in our molecular understanding of the genome make the once prevalent view of the genome as a passive container of genetic information (i.e., genes) untenable, and emphasize the importance of the internal organization and re-organization dynamics of the genome for both development and evolution. While this conclusion is by now well accepted, the construction of a comprehensive conceptual framework for studying the genome as a dynamic system, capable of self-organization and adaptive behavior is still (...)
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  19.  10
    Responses to “Healthcare: Reform, Yes; But Not Á la Lamm,” by Edmund D. Pellegrino.Richard D. Lamm - 1994 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 3 (3):403.
  20. Living God, The: Schleiermacher's Theological Appropriation of Spinoza.Julia A. Lamm - 1996 - Pennsylvania State University Press.
    German theologian F. D. E. Schleiermacher's doctrine of God-the first to be developed in the post-Kantian era-fundamentally changed the course of Christian theology. The degree to which his doctrine of God was influenced by the philosophy of Benedict de Spinoza remains in dispute, however. This study examines the ways in which Schleiermacher actively adopted elements of Spinoza's thought in the development of his own theological doctrine of God. Julia Lamm's analysis of little-known but seminal essays by Schleiermacher reveals his (...)
     
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  21. Living God, The: Schleiermacher's Theological Appropriation of Spinoza.Julia A. Lamm - 2004 - Pennsylvania State University Press.
    German theologian F. D. E. Schleiermacher's doctrine of God-the first to be developed in the post-Kantian era-fundamentally changed the course of Christian theology. The degree to which his doctrine of God was influenced by the philosophy of Benedict de Spinoza remains in dispute, however. This study examines the ways in which Schleiermacher actively adopted elements of Spinoza's thought in the development of his own theological doctrine of God. Julia Lamm's analysis of little-known but seminal essays by Schleiermacher reveals his (...)
     
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  22.  20
    Empowering Employee Sustainability: Perceived Organizational Support Toward the Environment.Cynthia King, Jennifer Tosti-Kharas & Eric Lamm - 2015 - Journal of Business Ethics 128 (1):207-220.
    This paper contributes to the ongoing discussion of sustainability behaviors by introducing the construct of perceived organizational support toward the environment. We propose and empirically test an integrated model whereby we test the association of POS-E with employees’ organizational citizenship behaviors toward the environment as well as to job attitudes. Results indicated that POS-E was positively related to OCB-E, job satisfaction, organizational identification, and psychological empowerment, and negatively related to turnover intentions. We also found that psychological empowerment partially mediated the (...)
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  23.  14
    Legitimacy and Organizational Sustainability.Tom E. Thomas & Eric Lamm - 2012 - Journal of Business Ethics 110 (2):191-203.
    The literature regarding social and environmental sustainability of business focuses primarily on rationales for adopting sustainability strategies and operational practices in support of that goal. In contrast, we examine sustainability from a perspective that has received far less research attention—attitudes that inform managerial decision-making. We develop a conceptual model that identifies six elemental categories of attitudes that can be held independently or aggregated to yield a meta-attitude representing the legitimacy of sustainability. Our model distinguishes among three types of internally held (...)
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  24. Sustaining Local Agriculture Barriers and Opportunities to Direct Marketing Between Farms and Restaurants in Colorado.Amory Starr, Adrian Card, Carolyn Benepe, Garry Auld, Dennis Lamm, Ken Smith & Karen Wilken - 2003 - Agriculture and Human Values 20 (3):301-321.
    Research explored methods for “shortening the food links” or developing the “local foodshed” by connecting farmers with food service buyers (for restaurants and institutions) in Colorado. Telephone interviews were used to investigate marketing and purchasing practices. Findings include that price is not a significant factor in purchasing decisions; that food buyers prioritize quality as their top purchasing criterion but are not aware that local farmers can provide higher quality, that institutions are interested in buying locally; that small farms can offer (...)
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  25.  6
    Do We Care About the Powerless Third? An ERP Study of the Three-Person Ultimatum Game.Johanna Alexopoulos, Daniela M. Pfabigan, Claus Lamm, Herbert Bauer & Florian Ph S. Fischmeister - 2012 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 6.
  26.  2
    The Selfless Mind: How Prefrontal Involvement in Mentalizing with Similar and Dissimilar Others Shapes Empathy and Prosocial Behavior.Jasminka Majdandžić, Sandra Amashaufer, Allan Hummer, Christian Windischberger & Claus Lamm - 2016 - Cognition 157:24-38.
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  27.  5
    The Elephant in the Living Room of the House of Health Care.Richard D. Lamm - 2004 - American Journal of Bioethics 4 (3):101-102.
  28.  10
    Rationing and the Clinton Health Plan.Richard D. Lamm - 1994 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 19 (5):445-454.
    President Clinton, already facing formidable obstacles in reforming the health care system, denies that it will involve any rationing. This is politically understandable, but wrong. Infinite needs are rapidly overtaking finite resources. Most health providers recognize that the genius of modern medicine has outpaced our ability to pay. But the public still has unlimited expectations and a blind faith that everything can be provided to everyone by simply eliminating "waste, fraud, and abuse." Rationing is inherent in any health care system. (...)
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  29.  13
    Saint Martin of Tours in a New World of Medical Ethics.Richard D. Lamm - 1994 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 3 (2):159.
    I end with another parable, but it is also a true story. Harvey Gushing, the famous surgeon after whom the Gushing Lectures are named, made an international reputation in his allegiance to quality. He badgered his profession to a higher standard of self-effacement and railed against the debasement of clinical skills and overemphasis on research and pursuit of personal gain. We honor him to this day because those were, and remain, important points. Yet, Harvey Gushing served as a surgeon during (...)
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  30.  23
    Ecocultural Effects on Early Infant Care: A Study in Cameroon, India, and Germany.Heidi Keller, Monika Abels, Bettina Lamm, Relindis D. Yovsi, Susanne Voelker & Aruna Lakhani - 2005 - Ethos: Journal of the Society for Psychological Anthropology 33 (4):512-541.
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  31.  44
    Book Review:The Bounds of Sense: An Essay on Kant's "Critique of Pure Reason." P. R. Strawson; Kant's Analytic. Jonathan Bennett; Kant's Solution for Verification in Metaphysics. D. P. Dryer; Kant's Philosophical Correspondence, 1759-99. Arnulf Zweig. [REVIEW]Herbert Lamm - 1967 - Ethics 78 (1):89-.
  32.  15
    Aus der Spätgeschichte des deutschen Judentums.Hans Lamm - 1970 - Zeitschrift für Religions- Und Geistesgeschichte 22 (3):274-276.
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  33.  2
    Attentional Conflict Moderates the Association Between Anxiety and Emotional Eating Behavior: An ERP Study.Greg Denke, Eric Rawls & Connie Lamm - 2018 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 12.
  34.  31
    Governance Barriers to Sustainability.Richard Lamm - 2003 - World Futures 59 (3 & 4):275 – 285.
    Can democracy resolve the new set of survival problems we face? Our greatest challenge is to modify or perhaps even reverse what has worked well. Our economic system must adapt to our ecological system. Genetic values that allowed Homo sapiens to prosper may be counterproductive today. Four preconceptions that hinder the United States in facing challenges: 1) It has a divine destiny; 2) Problem solving machinery and institutions are equal to the challenges; (the influence of money on politics undermines this); (...)
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  35.  18
    Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel: Gesammelte Werke. Volume IV: Jenae Kritische Schriften. Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel, Hartmut Buchner, Otto Poggeler. [REVIEW]Herbert Lamm - 1969 - Ethics 79 (3):246-.
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  36.  16
    Overhauling America's Healthcare Machine: Stop the Bleeding and Save Trillions.Richard Lamm - 2012 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 9 (1):111-112.
  37.  8
    Within Hearing Distance of Philosophy.Klmberly Lamm - 2002 - International Studies in Philosophy 34 (2):23-45.
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  38.  8
    Infinite Needs–Finite Resources: The Future of Healthcare.Richard D. Lamm - 1994 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 3 (1):83.
    The single greatest challenge facing managers in the developed countries of the world is to raise the productivity of knowledge and service workers. This challenge, which will dominate the management agenda for the next several decades, will ultimately determine the competitive performance of companies. Even more important, it will determine the very fabric of society and the quality of life of every industrialized nation. … Unless this challenge is met, the developed world will face increasing social tensions, increasing polarization, increasing (...)
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  39.  8
    Book Review:Health Care for an Aging Population. Chris Hackler. [REVIEW]Richard D. Lamm - 1996 - Ethics 106 (3):653-.
  40.  8
    Perspective: Death: Right or Duty?Richard D. Lamm - 1997 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 6 (1):111-112.
    Too often, the limits of our language are the limits of our thinking. “If thought corrupts language, language can also corrupt thought,” warned George Orwell. How we label something too often controls how we think about it. We get particular concepts in our head and they are hard to change. They govern how we think and how we act. “Disease” and “death” used to be considered as “God's will,” and it took hundreds of years and no small number of martyrs (...)
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  41.  3
    Reading Plato's Dialectics: Schleiermacher's Insistence on Dialectics as Dialogical.Julia A. Lamm - 2003 - Journal for the History of Modern Theology/Zeitschrift für Neuere Theologiegeschichte 10 (1):1-25.
    Zusammenfassung Sprechen Wissenschaftler üblicherweise vom Platonischen Charakter der Dialektik Schleiermachers, meinen sie deren grundlegend Sokratisch-dialogischen Charakter, zumal Schleiermacher Dialektik als „die Kunst des Diskurses oder des Dialogs“ definierte. Problematisch daran ist nun, daß Platons Dialoge mehr als eine Art von Dialektik aufweisen. Der Aufsatz beginnt mit einem Überblick auf die, in der „Allgemeinen Einleitung“ dargelegten fünf Grunddeutungsprinzipien, die Schleiermachers Interpretation der platonischen Dialektik untermauern, leiten und einschränken sollen. Der Beitrag wendet sich dann den Einleitungen der einzelnen Dialoge zu, um zu (...)
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  42.  4
    Between Academic and Commercial Publishers: "An Ill-Defined Demilitarized Zone".Donald S. Lamm - 1990 - Logos. Anales Del Seminario de Metafísica [Universidad Complutense de Madrid, España] 1 (3):55-57.
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  43.  1
    Perspective: Redrawing the Ethics Map.Richard D. Lamm - 1999 - Hastings Center Report 29 (2):28.
  44.  8
    Radical Explanations, but Trivial Descriptions.Claus Lamm - 1999 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22 (5):842-843.
    A thorough distinction between explanatory and descriptive concepts reveals a radical explanatory and a trivial descriptive doctrine in current neuroscientific research. The explanatory approach examines the neuronal substrates of the mind, whereas the descriptive one deals only with its correlates.
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  45.  7
    Educational Pressure and Resistance.Zvi Lamm - 1972 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 4 (1):55–64.
  46.  4
    The Ethics of Excess.Richard D. Lamm - 1994 - Hastings Center Report 24 (6):14-14.
  47.  4
    Case Studies: Who Pays for AZT?Robin Levin Penslar & Richard D. Lamm - 1989 - Hastings Center Report 19 (5):30.
  48.  2
    The Relation of Concept and Demonstration in the Ontological Argument.E. A. M. & Herbert Lamm - 1941 - Journal of Philosophy 38 (23):642.
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  49.  3
    Redrawing the Ethics Map.Richard D. Lamm - 1999 - Hastings Center Report 29 (2):28-29.
  50.  2
    Brill Online Books and Journals.André Brink, Urvashi Butalia, George Greenfield, Donald Lamm, Brian Bradford, Trish Mbanga, Margaret Ling, Carol Priestley & John Maxwell Hamilton - 1993 - Logos. Anales Del Seminario de Metafísica [Universidad Complutense de Madrid, España] 4 (4).
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