Results for 'Paul R. Smart'

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  1. The Web-Extended Mind.Paul R. Smart - 2012 - Metaphilosophy 43 (4):446-463.
    This article explores the notion of the Web-extended mind, which is the idea that the technological and informational elements of the Web can sometimes serve as part of the mechanistic substrate that realizes human mental states and processes. It is argued that while current forms of the Web may not be particularly suited to the realization of Web-extended minds, new forms of user interaction technology as well as new approaches to information representation do provide promising new opportunities for Web-based forms (...)
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  2.  9
    The Web‐Extended Mind.Paul R. Smart - 2012 - Metaphilosophy 43 (4):446-463.
    This article explores the notion of the Web‐extended mind, which is the idea that the technological and informational elements of the Web can sometimes serve as part of the mechanistic substrate that realizes human mental states and processes. It is argued that while current forms of the Web may not be particularly suited to the realization of Web‐extended minds, new forms of user interaction technology as well as new approaches to information representation do provide promising new opportunities for Web‐based forms (...)
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  3.  20
    Mandevillian Intelligence.Paul R. Smart - 2018 - Synthese 195 (9):4169-4200.
    Mandevillian intelligence is a specific form of collective intelligence in which individual cognitive vices are seen to play a positive functional role in yielding collective forms of cognitive success. The present paper introduces the concept of mandevillian intelligence and reviews a number of strands of empirical research that help to shed light on the phenomenon. The paper also attempts to highlight the value of the concept of mandevillian intelligence from a philosophical, scientific and engineering perspective. Inasmuch as we accept the (...)
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  4.  16
    Paul Elmer More. [REVIEW]C. N. R. - 1961 - Review of Metaphysics 14 (3):567-567.
    A biography made up chiefly of excerpts from correspondence of Paul E. More, literary critic, editor of The Nation and teacher of classical and early Christian philosophy at Princeton. The central theme is More's religious development from Calvinism through humanism to a final great sympathy with Anglicanism.--R. C. N.
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  5.  4
    Experience, Existence, and the Good: Essays in Honor of Paul Weiss. [REVIEW]C. N. R. - 1962 - Review of Metaphysics 15 (3):531-532.
    In this Festschrift some of Paul Weiss's friends, colleagues, and students have produced a splendid collection of original philosophical essays. Contributions by Charles Hendel, Charles Hartshorne, Robert Brumbaugh, Nathan Rotenstreich, A. Boyce Gibson, John Wild, and fourteen others are included. Outstanding are Father Johann's introduction of a contemporary view of experience into Neo-Thomism, William Earle's phenomenological analysis of love, and Father Clarke's discussion of causality. While the doctrines urged are not uniform, the standard of excellence is. I. C. Lieb, (...)
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  6.  22
    Where the Smart Things Are: Social Machines and the Internet of Things.Paul Smart, Aastha Madaan & Wendy Hall - 2019 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 18 (3):551-575.
    The emergence of large-scale social media systems, such as Wikipedia, Facebook, and Twitter, has given rise to a new multi-disciplinary effort based around the concept of social machines. For the most part, this research effort has limited its attention to the study of Web-based systems. It has also, perhaps unsurprisingly, tended to highlight the social scientific relevance of such systems. The present paper seeks to expand the scope of the social machine research effort to encompass the Internet of Things. One (...)
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  7.  2
    Review: Harold R. Smart, Paul Arthur Schilpp, Cassirer's Theory of Mathematical Concepts. [REVIEW]Max Black - 1950 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 15 (2):156-156.
  8.  42
    Explanation—Opening Address: J. J. C. Smart.J. J. C. Smart - 1990 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 27:1-19.
    It is a pleasure for me to give this opening address to the Royal Institute of Philosophy Conference on ‘Explanation’ for two reasons. The first is that it is succeeded by exciting symposia and other papers concerned with various special aspects of the topic of explanation. The second is that the conference is being held in my old alma mater , the University of Glasgow, where I did my first degree. Especially due to C. A. Campbell and George Brown there (...)
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  9.  23
    The Philosophy of Jean-Paul Sartre. [REVIEW]P. H. R. - 1982 - Review of Metaphysics 36 (1):192-194.
    When Jean-Paul Sartre died on April 15, 1980, a Vatican newspaper wrote that "a very confused and confusing thinker" had passed away. To those who followed Sartre's public statements and interviews during the last five to ten years of his life, the phrase rings true. Sartre's commitment to history in confused times led to a Cartesian confusion, doubtlessly, while his philosophy followed a complex itinerary from his first publication in 1936 to his last in the seventies. Hence one welcomes (...)
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  10.  10
    The Marxism of Jean-Paul Sartre. [REVIEW]J. B. R. - 1965 - Review of Metaphysics 19 (1):151-151.
    Using the same technique employed in The Tragic Finale, Desan now has written an admirable guide to Sartre's Critique de la Raison Dialectique. Desan begins by tracing Sartre's development from the time of L'Etre et le Néant with careful attention to the heated controversies that appeared in Les Temps Modernes. This provides the context for a lucid and fair explication of the main argument of the Critique. Throughout, Desan has maintained a judicious balance between exposition, explication, and criticism. The study (...)
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  11.  14
    Brodbeck May. The New Rationalism: Dewey's Theory of Induction. The Journal of Philosophy, Vol. 46 , Pp. 780–791.Smart Harold R.. Cassirer's Theory of Mathematical Concepts. The Philosophy of Ernst Cassirer, Edited by Schilpp Paul Arthur, The Library of Living Philosophers, Inc., Evanston 1949, Pp. 239–267. [REVIEW]Max Black - 1950 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 15 (2):156-156.
  12.  10
    La Collection Milion. Antiquités Préhistoriques et Gallo-romaines. Par J. Déchelette, l'Abbé Parat, Dr. Brulard P. Bouillerot, et C. Drioton. Pp. 282. 46 planches et 58 figures. Paris: Paul Geuthner, 1913. 30 f. [REVIEW]A. S. R. - 1913 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 33:384-385.
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  13.  6
    Le Musée de Soueida: Inscriptions et Monuments Figurés. By M. Dunand. Pp. 100; 36 plates. Paris: Paul Geuthner, 1934. 100 fr. [REVIEW]D. B. R. - 1936 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 56 (1):84-85.
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  14.  36
    From Orpheus to Paul: A History of Orphism.H. J. R., Vittorio D. MacChioro & Orpheus - 1930 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 50:352.
  15.  24
    John Flood, James R. Ginther, and Joseph W. Goering, Eds., Robert Grosseteste and His Intellectual Milieu. Toronto: Pontifical Institute of Mediaeval Studies, 2013. Pp. Xiv, 430. $90. ISBN: 978-0-88844-824-8. [REVIEW]Suzanne Paul - 2014 - Speculum 89 (3):767-769.
  16.  19
    Cohen, R., Hooker, C., Michalos, A., and Van Evra, J. : "Proceedings of the 1974 Biennial Meeting, Philosophy of Science Association". [REVIEW]J. J. C. Smart - 1977 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 55:213.
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  17.  5
    Marxism and Phenomenology: Theories of Crisis and Their Synthesis, by Shirley R. Pike.Barry Smart - 1991 - Journal of the British Society for Phenomenology 22 (1):96-97.
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  18.  11
    Humanism and Naturalism: A Comparative Study of Ernest Seilliere, Irving Babbitt and Paul Elmer More.J. H. R. & Folke Leander - 1938 - Journal of Philosophy 35 (18):490.
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  19.  3
    CARNAP, R.: "The Philosophy of Rudolf Carnap".J. J. C. Smart - 1965 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 43:84.
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  20.  5
    The Foundations of Common Sense. A Psychological Preface to the Problems of Knowledge. By Nathan Isaacs (London: Routledge and Kegan Paul. 1949. Pp. Vi + 208. Price 15s.). [REVIEW]J. J. C. Smart - 1950 - Philosophy 25 (95):377-.
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  21.  2
    Let Us Be Honest and Modest: Technology and Society in Canadian History. Bruce Sinclair, Norman R. Ball, James O. PetersonA Curious Field Book: Science and Society in Canadian History. Trevor H. Levere, Richard A. Jarrell. [REVIEW]Christopher C. Smart - 1976 - Isis 67 (2):290-292.
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  22. Bulletin du Judaisme Ancien (1^ R^ E Partie) I-Cadre Historique Social Et Culturel II-Manuscrits Et Communaute de Qumran III-Litterature Juive de Langue Grecque.A. Paul - 2002 - Recherches de Science Religieuse 90 (3):423-460.
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  23. Paul Wendland.G. R. G. R. - 1915 - Revue de Théologie Et de Philosophie 3 (17):386.
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  24. ARTIN, R. M.: Belief, Existence, and Meaning. [REVIEW]J. J. C. Smart - 1970 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 48:400.
  25. CHISHOLM, R. M. "Person and Object, A Metaphysical Study". [REVIEW]B. Smart - 1978 - Mind 87:466.
     
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  26. UTLER, R. J.: "Analytic Philosophy". [REVIEW]J. J. C. Smart - 1963 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 41:424.
     
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  27.  52
    Philosophy and Scientific Realism. [REVIEW]J. B. R. - 1964 - Review of Metaphysics 18 (1):184-184.
    During the past few years, Smart has published a series of provocative articles in which he has argued for a "tough-minded" scientific materialism. In this book, which makes use of the articles and combines them with new material, he boldly defends the possibility of a synthetic philosophy which attempts to think clearly and comprehensively about the nature of the universe and the principles of conduct. Starting with a critique of phenomenalism, he argues that the physicist's picture of the world (...)
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  28.  37
    The Cosmological Arguments: A Spectrum of Opinion.E. A. R. - 1967 - Review of Metaphysics 21 (2):383-383.
    This volume can be considered a supplement to A. Plantinga's similar book on the Ontological argument, and includes classic texts and contemporary commentary on both the Cosmological and the Teleological arguments, though there is no extended consideration of the problem of evil as it bears particularly on the Teleological argument. Plato, Aristotle, Aquinas, Hume and Kant give the classic arguments for and against the Cosmological argument. Geach, Edwards, Plantinga, and Penelhum provide the contemporary commentary. Paley, Hume, Mill, and Kant state (...)
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  29.  26
    Patterns of the Life-World. Essays in Honor of John Wild. [REVIEW]S. R. - 1971 - Review of Metaphysics 25 (2):377-378.
    This volume has four parts; in Part I, dealing with the philosophical tradition, Francis M. Parker examines various senses of insight and discusses its goodness as an activity. Henry B. Veatch questions Wild's acceptance of the life-world and asks for a critical, explicitly transcendental justification of it. Robert Jordan reviews Anselm's ontological argument and its place in other proofs for God's existence, and in religious experience. John M. Anderson examines "Art and Philosophy" with the help of Plato and Hegel. Part (...)
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  30.  17
    Philosophical Interrogations. [REVIEW]J. B. R. - 1965 - Review of Metaphysics 19 (1):163-164.
    Growing out of a suggestion of Paul Weiss when he served as editor of the Review of Metaphysics, a series of interrogations have been conducted with seven prominent philosophers including Buber, Wild, Wahl, Blanshard, Weiss, Hartshorne and Tillich. Each interrogation has been supervised by a philosopher familiar with the work of the interrogated philosopher and queries submitted by a wide variety of philosophers are carefully organized. Because the questions are frequently pointed and well-formed, the result is lively and informative. (...)
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  31.  17
    The Problem of Freedom and Determinism. [REVIEW]H. K. R. - 1970 - Review of Metaphysics 23 (3):554-554.
    The debate between hard and soft determinists is dealt with in this brief but interesting study. The author argues that there is no empirical dispute between hard and soft determinists. They draw different conclusions from the observed facts and these differences are the result of using different senses of the terms 'freedom' and 'moral responsibility'. Moritz Schlick's Problems of Ethics is the author's favored source for the soft determinist position and well-known articles by Paul Edwards and John Hospers the (...)
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  32.  13
    Evidence and Inference. [REVIEW]S. R. - 1966 - Review of Metaphysics 20 (1):164-164.
    A collection of essays on methodology by practitioners of various disciplines. Raymond Aron, in discussing evidence and inference in history, touches on the old problems of uniqueness, relativism, periodization and pattern in history. H. M. Hart and J. T. McNaughton discuss the special problems of evidence which arise in a legal context. Erik Erikson emphasizes the subjective aspects of the clinical psychologist's method of interpreting evidence. Martin Deutsch writes about the role of theoretical assumptions in interpreting evidence in nuclear research. (...)
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  33.  12
    Tulane Studies in Philosophy, Vol. V. [REVIEW]P. R. - 1957 - Review of Metaphysics 10 (4):727-728.
    Eight articles written by members of the Tulane philosophy department. The contributions range from a discussion of classifications of supposition in medieval logic by Louise Nisbet Roberts and a comparatively lengthy consideration of the relationship between universals and individuals by James K. Feibleman to an attempt by Paul G. Morrison to clarify in a restricted system the expressions, 'invariance,' 'homogeneity,' and 'heterogeneity.'--R. P.
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  34.  9
    Analyses of Theories and Methods of Physics and Psychology. [REVIEW]J. B. R. - 1971 - Review of Metaphysics 25 (1):140-140.
    The first three volumes of the Minnesota Studies have become recent classics. They contain some of the most important and philosophically suggestive papers published during the fifties and early sixties. Some of the discussions which are the basis of volume IV took place in 1966 and a number of the papers here seem "dated"--at least to the extent that discussion of the relevant issues has been superseded by publication in other places. There is still another tour de force by (...) K. Feyerabend, who is becoming more strident and more anarchistic in his politics, epistemology, and philosophy of science. There is a brief paper by the late N. R. Hanson and a typically solid and balanced defense of the "standard conception" of scientific theories by Carl G. Hempel. Three papers by Paul E. Meehl are included which, as usual, excel in the care and clarity of argument--even though there seems to be little that is new here. And there is also an informed discussion of correspondence rules by a number of participants in a special conference dedicated to this subject. While the quality of the papers is high, this volume nevertheless lacks some of the excitement and novelty of the earlier volumes.--R. J. B. (shrink)
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  35.  6
    Between Science and Philosophy: An Introduction to the Philosophy of Science. [REVIEW]J. B. R. - 1969 - Review of Metaphysics 22 (4):765-766.
    In his preface, Smart tells us that there are three types of treatises on the philosophy of science: the philosopher's philosophy of science, "baby" philosophy of science, and the scientist's philosophy of science. He classifies his own attempt as "a not too technical scientist's philosophy of science." But this book is an excellent introduction to contemporary philosophy of science for anyone interested in the topic. Smart writes lucidly and has the gift of carrying the reader from the most (...)
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  36.  6
    Wissenschaftliche Erklärung Und Begründung. [REVIEW]F. M. R. - 1971 - Review of Metaphysics 24 (3):551-552.
    With the publication of this volume from the prolific pen of one of Germany's outstanding younger philosophers, the German-speaking scholarly world has a more extensive survey of key issues in the philosophy of science than the English-speaking world. The book is the first of a comprehensive work whose title is "Problems and Results in the Philosophy of Science and Analytic Philosophy." While the title of the book under consideration shows that it is primarily concerned with scientific explanation and justification, Stegmüller (...)
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  37.  4
    Secular Education and the Logic of Religion.R. Trueman & Ninian Smart - 1969 - British Journal of Educational Studies 17 (1):86.
  38. Religious Experience?T. R. Miles & Ninian Smart - 1973 - Religious Studies 9 (2):244-245.
  39. Paul Ricœr, les Métamorphoses de la Raison Herméneutique Actes du Colloque de Cerisy-la-Salle, 1er-11 Ao Ut 1988.Paul Ricœr, Jean Greisch & Richard Kearney - 1991
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  40. Sens Et Existence En Hommage À Paul Ricœr : Recueil.Paul Ricœr & Gary Brent Madison - 1975 - Seuil.
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  41.  49
    Malthus and His Ghost (A Critique of The Club of Rome and Paul R. Ehrlich).Ray Scott Percival - 1990 - In Kurt Finsterbusch & George Mkenna (eds.), Taking Sides: Clashing Views on Controversial Social Issues. Dushkin Publishing.
    Philosophy and economics of Malthusianism. An optimistic view of human population growth and a critique of The Club of Rome and Paul R. Ehrlich, author of The Population Bomb. I apply Julian Simon's perspective to the malthusian debate, inspired by his book The Ultimate Resource. When a child is born he brings into existence not just an extra mouth to feed, but two hands and - more importantly in the long run - an extra brain with which to solve (...)
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  42. Mythic-Symbolic Language and Philosophical Anthropology a Constructive Interpretation of the Thought of Paul Ricœr.David M. Rasmussen - 1971
     
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  43. The Problem of Relativism and the Possibility of Metaphysics a Constructive Development of Certain Ideas in R.G. Collingwood, Wilhelm Dilthey and Paul Tillich.Gordon D. Kaufman - 1997 - Umi Dissertation Services.
     
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  44.  35
    Paul R. Halmos. Lectures on Boolean Algebras. D. Van Nostrand Company, Inc., Princeton, Toronto, New York, and London, 1963, V + 147 Pp. [REVIEW]R. S. Pierce - 1966 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 31 (2):253-254.
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  45.  30
    Where Animals Go: Mechanistic Home Range Analysis Paul R. Moorcraft and Mark A. Lewis Princeton, NJ : Princeton University Press , 2006 (172 Pp; $26.95 Pbk; ISBN 0-691-00928-7). [REVIEW]R. McNeill Alexander - 2006 - Biological Theory 1 (4):433-434.
  46. Review: Paul R. Halmos, Lectures on Boolean Algebras. [REVIEW]R. S. Pierce - 1966 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 31 (2):253-254.
     
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  47.  8
    Kings, Lords and Peasants in Medieval England: The Common Law of Villeinage in the Twelfth and Thirteenth Centuries. Paul R. Hyams.R. H. Helmholz - 1982 - Speculum 57 (3):621-623.
  48.  14
    The Philosophical Presuppositions of Mathematical Logic. By Harold R. Smart, M.A., Ph.D., Assistant Professor in Philosophy, Cornell University. [REVIEW]R. B. Braithwaite - 1927 - Philosophy 2 (6):261.
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  49.  6
    Book Reviews: The Flight From Science and Reason, Edited by Paul R. Gross, Norman Levitt, and Martin W. Lewis. NY: The New York Academy of Sciences, 1996. 593 Pp. Paperback. [REVIEW]James M. Humber, Paul J. Millea & Robert M. Nelson - 1999 - Journal of Medical Humanities 20 (1):65-71.
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  50. Paul R. Moorcraft and Mark A. Lewis, Mechanistic Home Range Analysis.R. M. Alexander - 2006 - Biological Theory 1 (4):433.
     
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