Results for 'Stephen Newstead'

1000+ found
Order:
  1.  22
    Conditional Reasoning with Realistic Material.Stephen E. Newstead - 1997 - Thinking and Reasoning 3 (1):49 – 76.
    Four experiments are reported which investigated the types of truth tables that people associate with conditional sentences and the kinds of inferences that they will draw from them. The present studies differed from most previous ones in using different types of content in the conditionals, for example promises and warnings. It was found that the type of content had a strong and consistent effect on both truth tables and inferences. It is suggested that this is because in real life conditionals (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   9 citations  
  2.  5
    The Source of Belief Bias Effects in Syllogistic Reasoning.Stephen E. Newstead, Paul Pollard, Jonathan StB. T. Evans & Julie L. Allen - 1992 - Cognition 45 (3):257-284.
  3. The Source of Belief Bias Effects in Syllogistic Reasoning.Stephen E. Newstead, Paul Pollard, Jonathan St B. T. Evans & Julie L. Allen - 1992 - Cognition 45 (3):257-284.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   8 citations  
  4.  23
    Quantifier Interpretation and Syllogistic Reasoning.Maxwell J. Roberts, Stephen E. Newstead & Richard A. Griggs - 2001 - Thinking and Reasoning 7 (2):173 – 204.
    Many researchers have suggested that premise interpretation errors can account, at least in part, for errors on categorical syllogisms. However, although it is possible to show that people make such errors in simple inference tasks, the evidence for them is far less clear when actual syllogisms are administered. Part of the problem is due to the lack of clear predictions for the solutions that would be expected when using modified quantifiers, assuming that correct inferences are made from them. This paper (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   3 citations  
  5.  31
    Individual Differences in Strategies for Syllogistic Reasoning.Alison Bacon, Simon Handley & Stephen Newstead - 2003 - Thinking and Reasoning 9 (2):133 – 168.
    Current theories of reasoning such as mental models or mental logic assume a universal cognitive mechanism that underlies human reasoning performance. However, there is evidence that this is not the case, for example, the work of Ford (1995), who found that some people adopted predominantly spatial and some verbal strategies in a syllogistic reasoning task. Using written and think-aloud protocols, the present study confirmed the existence of these individual differences. However, in sharp contrast to Ford, the present study found few (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  6.  2
    Response Bias in Relational Reasoning.Stephen E. Newstead, Paul Pollard & Richard A. Griggs - 1986 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 24 (2):95-98.
  7.  11
    Can Natural Language Semantics Explain Syllogistic Reasoning?Stephen E. Newstead - 2003 - Cognition 90 (2):193-199.
  8.  17
    Are There Two Different Types of Thinking?Stephen E. Newstead - 2000 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (5):690-691.
    Stanovich & West's claim that there are two coherent and conceptually distinct types of thinking, System 1 and System 2, is questioned. Some authors equate System 2 with intelligence whereas other do not; and some authors regard the two types of system as distinct while others regard them as lying on a continuum.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  9.  51
    Effects of Training and Instruction on Analytic and Belief-Based Reasoning Processes.Helen L. Neilens, Simon J. Handley & Stephen E. Newstead - 2009 - Thinking and Reasoning 15 (1):37 – 68.
    Two studies are reported which demonstrate that analytic responding on everyday reasoning problems can be increased and bias eliminated after training on the law of large numbers. Critical thinking problems involving belief-consistent, neutral, and inconsistent conclusions were presented. Belief bias was eliminated when a written justification of argument strength was elicited. However, belief-based responding was still evident when evaluations of the arguments were elicited using rating scales. This finding demonstrates a dissociation between analytic and belief-based responding as a function of (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  10.  37
    Inductive Reasoning, Deductive Reasoning and Mental Models.Stephen E. Newstead - 1994 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 8 (1):65 – 67.
    (1994). Inductive reasoning, deductive reasoning and mental models. International Studies in the Philosophy of Science: Vol. 8, No. 1, pp. 65-67. doi: 10.1080/02698599408573483.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  11.  40
    Predicting the Difficulty of Complex Logical Reasoning Problems.Stephen E. Newstead, Peter Bradon, Simon J. Handley, Ian Dennis & Jonathan St B. T. Evans - 2006 - Thinking and Reasoning 12 (1):62 – 90.
    The aim of the present research was to develop a difficulty model for logical reasoning problems involving complex ordered arrays used in the Graduate Record Examination. The approach used involved breaking down the problems into their basic cognitive elements such as the complexity of the rules used, the number of mental models required to represent the problem, and question type. Weightings for these different elements were derived from two experimental studies and from the reasoning literature. Based on these weights, difficulty (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  12.  1
    Mental Models as an Explanation of Belief Bias Effects in Syllogistic Reasoning.Stephen E. Newstead & Jonathan StB. T. Evans - 1993 - Cognition 46 (1):93-97.
  13.  25
    Effects of Training and Instruction on Analytic and Belief-Based Reasoning Processes.Stephen E. Newstead, Simon J. Handley & Helen L. Neilens - 2009 - Thinking and Reasoning 15 (1):37-68.
    Two studies are reported which demonstrate that analytic responding on everyday reasoning problems can be increased and bias eliminated after training on the law of large numbers. Critical thinking problems involving belief-consistent, neutral, and inconsistent conclusions were presented. Belief bias was eliminated when a written justification of argument strength was elicited. However, belief-based responding was still evident when evaluations of the arguments were elicited using rating scales. This finding demonstrates a dissociation between analytic and belief-based responding as a function of (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  14.  7
    Peter Wason (1924-2003).Stephen Newstead - 2003 - Thinking and Reasoning 9 (3):177-184.
  15.  16
    What is an Ecologically Rational Heuristic?Stephen E. Newstead - 2000 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (5):759-760.
    The notion of ecological rationality, although plausible, does not readily lead to testable predictions. This is illustrated with respect to heuristics in syllogistic reasoning. Several possible heuristics have been proposed but ecological rationality does not appear to offer a sensible rationale for choosing between these.
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  16.  4
    Mental Models as an Explanation of Belief Bias Effects in Syllogistic Reasoning.Stephen E. Newstead & Jonathan St B. T. Evans - 1993 - Cognition 46 (1):93-97.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  17.  2
    Children’s Performance on Set-Inclusion and Linear-Ordering Relationships.Stephen E. Newstead, Stephanie Keeble & Kenneth I. Manktelow - 1985 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 23 (2):105-108.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  18.  2
    Do Mental Models Provide an Adequate Account of Syllogistic Reasoning Performance?Stephen E. Newstead - 1993 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 16 (2):359.
  19.  3
    Do Verbs Act as Implicit Quantifiers?Stephen E. Newstead - 1994 - Journal of Semantics 11 (3):215-230.
    A number of studies suggest that verbs can act as implicit quantifiers on the subjects and objects of the sentences in which they are used; thus a sentence such as Children like animals has truth conditions which fall short of the universal. Furthermore, it has been claimed that the quantity implied varies as a function of the type of verb used, for example, whether the verb describes an observable event or a subjective state. The present research investigated this effect further (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  20. Janet Cohen Sherman (Massachusetts General Hospital) and Barbara Lust (Cornell University) Children Are in Control.Gary F. Marcus, Jane Oakhill, Alan Garnham, Stephen E. Newstead, Jonathan St Bt Evans, Kimj Vicente, William F. Brewer, Jc Marshall, Karen Emmorey & Stephen M. Kosslyn - 1993 - Cognition 46:297.
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  21. Comments on Johnson-Laird By.Stephen E. Newstead - 1994 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 8 (1):65-68.
  22. Semantics and Psychology Part 1: The Semantics of Quantification.Stephen E. Newstead - 1994 - Journal of Semantics 11 (3):147.
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  23. Lectures and Essays, Ed. By L. Stephen and F. Pollock.William Kingdon Clifford & Leslie Stephen - 1879
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  24. Sir Leslie Stephen's Mausoleum Book.Leslie Stephen - 1977 - Oxford University Press UK.
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  25. What Does It Mean to Be a Mechanism? Stephen Morse, Non-Reductivism, and Mental Causation.Katrina L. Sifferd - 2014 - Criminal Law and Philosophy:1-17.
    Stephen Morse seems to have adopted a controversial position regarding the mindbody relationship: John Searle’s non-reductivism, which claims that conscious mental states are causal yet not reducible to their underlying brain states. Searle’s position has been roundly criticized, with some arguing the theory taken as a whole is incoherent. In this paper I review these criticisms and add my own, concluding that Searle’s position is indeed contradictory, both internally and with regard to Morse's other views. Thus I argue that (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  26. Professor William Craig's Criticisms of Critiques of Kalam Cosmological Arguments By Paul Davies, Stephen Hawking, and Adolf Grunbaum.Graham Oppy - 1995 - Faith and Philosophy 12 (2):237-250.
    Kalam cosmological arguments have recently been the subject of criticisms, at least inter alia, by physicists---Paul Davies, Stephen Hawking---and philosophers of science---Adolf Grunbaum. In a series of recent articles, William Craig has attempted to show that these criticisms are “superficial, iII-conceived, and based on misunderstanding.” I argue that, while some of the discussion of Davies and Hawking is not philosophically sophisticated, the points raised by Davies, Hawking and Grunbaum do suffice to undermine the dialectical efficacy of kalam cosmological arguments.
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  27.  74
    Stephen Davies, The Artful Species: Aesthetics, Art, and Evolution (2013).John Powell - 2013 - Literature & Aesthetics 23 (2):1-1.
    This review article critiques Stephen Davies' The Artful Species: Aesthetics, Art, and Evolution.
    Direct download (2 more)  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  28.  42
    Stephen Davis’s Objection to the Second Ontological Argument.Bashar Alhoch - 2016 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 80 (1):3-9.
    Stephen Davis has argued that the second ontological argument fails as a theistic proof because it ignores the logical possibility of what he calls an ontologically impossible being. By an “ontologically impossible being” he means a being that does not exist, logically-possibly exists, and would exist necessarily if it existed. In this brief essay, I argue, first, that even if an OIB is logically possible, its logical possibility is irrelevant to the OA at issue; and second, that an OIB (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  29. Weight for Stephen Finlay.Daan Evers - 2013 - Philosophical Studies 163 (3):737-749.
    According to Stephen Finlay, ‘A ought to X’ means that X-ing is more conducive to contextually salient ends than relevant alternatives. This in turn is analysed in terms of probability. I show why this theory of ‘ought’ is hard to square with a theory of a reason’s weight which could explain why ‘A ought to X’ logically entails that the balance of reasons favours that A X-es. I develop two theories of weight to illustrate my point. I first look (...)
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  30.  66
    Response to Stephen Law on the Evolutionary Argument Against Naturalism.Calum Miller - 2015 - Philosophia 43 (1):147-152.
    Alvin Plantinga’s evolutionary argument against naturalism argues that the probability of our possessing reliable cognitive faculties, given the truth of evolution and naturalism, is low, and that this provides a defeater for naturalism, if the naturalist in question holds to the general truths of evolutionary biology. Stephen Law has recently objected to Plantinga’s evolutionary argument against naturalism by suggesting that there exist conceptual constraints governing the content a belief can have given its relationships to other things, including behaviour . (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  31.  35
    Attentional Factors in a Disjunctive Reasoning Task.A. Griggs Richard, D. Platt Richard, E. Newstead Stephen & L. Jackson Sherri - 1998 - Thinking and Reasoning 4 (1):1-14.
    Girotto and Legrenzi's 1993 facilitation effect for their SARS version of Wason s THOG problem a disjunctive reasoning task was examined. The effect was not replicated when the standard THOG problem instructions were used in Experiments 1 and 2. However, in Experiment 3 when Girotto and Legrenzi's precise instructions were used, facilitation was observed. Experiment 4 further investigated the role of the type of instructions in the observed facilitation. The results suggest that such facilitation may result from attentional factors rather (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  32.  71
    Stephen Jay Gould.Massimo Pigliucci - 2007 - In T. Flynn (ed.), The New Encyclopedia of Unbelief. Prometheus.
    A brief biography of evolutionary biologist Stephen Jay Gould.
    Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  33.  24
    Thinking About Earth, 20 Years Later: Reconsidering Stephen Clark's Ecological Theology.Ross Feehan - 2014 - Journal of Animal Ethics 4 (2):93-98,.
    This review commemorates the 20th anniversary of Stephen Clark’s explication of ecological thought. After appraising both philosophical and theological perspectives, Clark argues that society must awaken to Earth’s “Otherness.” I describe Clark’s ecological consciousness and highlight the significance of his book for 21st-century readers.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  34.  2
    European Philosophy and Original Sin in Stephen Mulhall.Judith Wolfe - 2017 - New Blackfriars 98 (1076):387-398.
    Stephen Mulhall has distinguished himself as one of the most rigorous and constructive contemporary thinkers on European philosophy and its complicated relationship to Christian theology. A prominent locus of that relationship in his work is the Christian doctrine of original sin, and its criticism but also structural recapitulation in the work of Nietzsche, Heidegger, Sartre and others. This article begins with an overview of relevant themes and their development in Mulhall's writings. I then offer an account of the internal (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  35.  5
    Falibilismo E a falácia de contrafactuais epistêmicos segundo Stephen Hetherington.Sérgio Luís Barroso de Carvalho - 2014 - Cadernos Do Pet Filosofia 5 (10):53-61.
    Stephen Hetherington é um dos mais proeminentes epistemólogos a defender que é possível ter conhecimento segundo as condições de crença verdadeira e justificada, apesar dos contraexemplos elaborados por Edmund Gettier. Ele fundamentou sua perspectiva no pressuposto de falibilidade do conhecimento e naquilo que ele chamou de "falácia de contrafactuais epistêmicos", segundo a qual não se deve assumir impossibilidade do conhecimento factual apenas em virtude da sua impossibilidade contrafactual - o que é reiterado por Anthony Booth. As críticas apresentadas por (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  36. Economists in Discussion the Correspondence Between G.L.S. Shackle and Stephen F. Frowen, 1951-1992.Stephen F. Frowen & G. L. S. Shackle - 2004
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  37. The Toulmin Method Exploration and Controversy : A Festschrift in Honor of Stephen E. Toulmin.Betty Kay Seibt, William Edward Tanner & Stephen Edelston Toulmin - 1991
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  38.  18
    Aristotle on Modality: Stephen Makin.Stephen Makin - 2000 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 74 (1):143-161.
    [Stephen Makin] Aristotle draws two sets of distinctions in Metaphysics 9.2, first between non-rational and rational capacities, and second between one way and two way capacities. He then argues for three claims: [A] if a capacity is rational, then it is a two way capacity [B] if a capacity is non-rational, then it is a one way capacity [C] a two way capacity is not indifferently related to the opposed outcomes to which it can give rise I provide explanations (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  39. Colorblindness and Black Friends in Stephen Colbert’s America.Aaron Allen Schiller - 2009 - In Stephen Colbert and Philosophy. Open Court.
    Is there a contradiction in Stephen Colbert’s attitudes towards race? How can he consistently claim to be colorblind and yet hold a national search for a new "black friend"? I argue that Stephen is trying to claim rights and shirk responsibilities on matters of race relations in America, and that his famous notion of "truthiness" is an extension of this attitude to other areas of social and political discourse.
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  40.  9
    Stephen Winter, Transitional Justice in Established Democracies: A Political Theory.Stephen Galoob - 2016 - Journal of Value Inquiry 50 (1):249-254.
    The fundamental question of political reparation is: why should a state provide redress for an injustice? The predominant answer justifies redress in terms of debts—the perpetration of an injustice creates a debt, and a state is required to make redress for the same reasons that it is required to repay its debts . Other approaches justify redress on the grounds that it will facilitate the achievement of some broader political goal, like the fair distribution of social resources or political reconciliation.In (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  41.  7
    J.F. Stephen: Sobre la Fraternidad y El Amor Universal de Mill.José Montoya Sáenz - 2014 - Télos 19 (1-2):77-82.
  42.  5
    Victorian Critics of Democracy: Carlyle, Ruskin, Arnold, Stephen, Maine, Lecky.Benjamin Evans Lippincott - 1938 - Journal of Philosophy 35 (14):388-388.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  43.  8
    Stephen Davies: Philosophical Perspectives on Art, OUP 2007. [REVIEW]Christian Helmut Wenzel - 2008 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2008 (7).
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  44.  1
    Realism, Writing, Disfiguration: On Thomas Eakins and Stephen Crane.Michael Fried - 1989 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 47 (4):398-398.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  45.  9
    The Pluralistic Philosophy of Stephen Crane.Patrick K. Dooley - 1994 - University of Illinois Press.
    Crane's fundamental philosophical view, Dooley finds, is that reality is comprised of changing and interrelated processes.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  46.  11
    Philosophy and Theology in the Long Middle Ages: A Tribute to Stephen F. Brown.Kent Emery, Russell L. Friedman, Andreas Speer, Maxime Mauriege & Stephen F. Brown (eds.) - 2011 - Brill.
    The title of this Festschrift to Stephen Brown points to the understanding of medieval philosophy and theology in the longue durée of their traditions and discourses.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  47. The Intellectual Legacy of Stephen Bantu Biko (1946-1977).Hennie Lotter - 1992 - Acta Academica 24.
    In this essay I will attempt to explain the significance of Stephen Bantu Biko's life. This I will do in terms of his intellectual contribution to the liberation of black people from the radically unjust apartheid society in South Africa. Firstly, I will discuss his contribution to liberate blacks psychologically from the political system of apartheid, pointing out how he broke through the normative and pragmatic acceptance of the situation in the radically unjust apartheid society. He experienced black people (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  48. Confusion of Tongues: A Theory of Normative Language, by Stephen Finlay. [REVIEW]Daniel Fogal - 2016 - Ethics 127 (1):281-288.
    Stephen Finlay’s Confusion of Tongues is a bold and sophisticated book. The overarching goal is metaphysical: to reductively analyze normative facts, properties, and relations in terms of non-normative facts, properties, and relations. But the method is linguistic: to first provide a reductive analysis of the corresponding bits of normative language, with a particular focus on ‘good’, ‘ought’, and ‘reason’. The gap between language and reality is then bridged by taking linguistic analysis as a guide to conceptual analysis, and conceptual (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  49.  17
    "Mirror Neurons," Collective Objects and the Problem of Transmission: Reconsidering Stephen Turner's Critique of Practice Theory.Omar Lizardo - 2007 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 37 (3):319–350.
    In this paper, I critically examine Stephen Turner's critique of practice theory in light of recent neurophysiological discoveries regarding the “mirror neuron system” in the pre-frontal mo-tor cortex of humans and other primates. I argue that two of Turner's strongest objections against the sociological version of the practice-theoretical account, the problem of transmission and the problem of sameness, are substantially undermined when examined from the perspective of re-cently systematized accounts of embodied learning and intersubjective action understanding in-spired by these (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   7 citations  
  50. Review Essay: Exemplary Stories: On the Uses of Biography in Recent Sociology Alan Sica and Stephen Turner (Eds) The Disobedient Generation: Social Theorists in the Sixties (University of Chicago, 2005); Mathieu Deflem (Ed.) Sociologists in a Global Age: Biographical Perspectives (Ashgate, 2007); Anthony Elliott and Charles Lemert, The New Individualism: The Emotional Costs of Globalization (Routledge, 2006). [REVIEW]Eduardo de la Fuente - 2009 - Thesis Eleven 97 (1):115-129.
    Review Essay: Exemplary Stories: On the Uses of Biography in Recent Sociology: Alan Sica and Stephen Turner The Disobedient Generation: Social Theorists in the Sixties ; Mathieu Deflem Sociologists in a Global Age: Biographical Perspectives ; Anthony Elliott and Charles Lemert, The New Individualism: The Emotional Costs of Globalization.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
1 — 50 / 1000