Results for 'Aynat Rubinstein'

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  1.  23
    On Necessity and Comparison.Aynat Rubinstein - 2014 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 95 (4):512-554.
    The ability to compare possibilities and designate some as ‘better’ than others is a fundamental aspect of our use of modals and propositional attitude verbs. This article aims to support a proposal by Sloman that certain modal expressions, in particular, ought, in fact have a more pronounced comparative backbone than others . The connection between ‘ought’ and ‘better’ is supported by linguistic data and a proposal is advanced for modeling ideals in a way that makes room for non-comparative, strong, priority-type (...)
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  2.  30
    Gradable Possibility and Epistemic Comparison.Elena Herburger & Aynat Rubinstein - 2019 - Journal of Semantics 36 (1):165-191.
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  3.  11
    Desire, Belief, and Semantic Composition: Variation in Mood Selection with Desire Predicates.Paul Portner & Aynat Rubinstein - 2020 - Natural Language Semantics 28 (4):343-393.
    Mood selection properties of desire verbs provide a rich source of evidence regarding the semantics of propositional attitudes. This paper approaches the topic by providing an analysis of crosslinguistic variation in the selection patterns of the desire verbs ‘want’ and ‘hope’, focusing on Spanish and French. There is no evidence that the meanings of ‘hope’ and ‘want’ differ between these languages, and yet in Spanish esperar ‘hope’ and querer ‘want’ both take subjunctive, while in French only vouloir ‘want’ selects subjunctive (...)
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  4. Modeling Bounded Rationality.Ariel Rubinstein - 1998 - MIT Press.
    p. cm. — (Zeuthen lecture book series) Includes bibliographical references (p. ) and index. ISBN 0-262-18187-8 (hardcover : alk. paper). — ISBN 0-262-68100-5 (pbk. : alk. paper) 1. Decision-making. 2. Economic man. 3. Game theory. 4. Rational expectations (Economic theory) I. Title. II. Series.
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  5.  54
    Comments On the Interpretation of Game Theory.Ariel Rubinstein - unknown
    The paper is a discussion of the interpretation of game theory. Game theory is viewed as an abstract inquiry into the concepts used in social reasoning when dealing with situations of conflict and not as an attempt to predict behavior. The first half of the paper..
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  6.  27
    Lecture Notes in Microeconomic Theory: The Economic Agent.Ariel Rubinstein - 2012 - Princeton University Press.
    This book presents Ariel Rubinstein's lecture notes for the first part of his well-known graduate course in microeconomics.
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  7. Economics and Language: Five Essays.Ariel Rubinstein - 2000 - Cambridge University Press.
    Arising out of the author's lifetime fascination with the links between the formal language of mathematical models and natural language, this short book comprises five essays investigating both the economics of language and the language of economics. Ariel Rubinstein touches the structure imposed on binary relations in daily language, the evolutionary development of the meaning of words, game-theoretical considerations of pragmatics, the language of economic agents and the rhetoric of game theory. These short essays are full of challenging ideas (...)
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  8. Dilemmas of an Economic Theorist.Ariel Rubinstein - manuscript
    What on earth are economic theorists like me trying to accomplish? This paper discusses four dilemmas encountered by an economic theorist: The dilemma of absurd conclusions: Should we abandon a model if it produces absurd conclusions or should we regard a model as a very limited set of assumptions that will inevitably fail in some contexts? The dilemma of responding to evidence: Should our models be judged according to experimental results? The dilemma of modelless regularities: Should models provide the hypothesis (...)
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  9.  22
    On the Interpretation of Decision Problems with Imperfect Recall.Ariel Rubinstein - unknown
    This paper is an examination of some modelling problems regarding imperfect recall within the model of extensive games. It is argued that, if the assumption of perfect recall is violated, care must be taken in interpreting the main elements of the model. Interpretations that are inconsequential under perfect recall have important implications in the analysis of games with imperfect recall.
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  10.  40
    Instinctive and Cognitive Reasoning: A Study of Response Times.Ariel Rubinstein - manuscript
    Lecture audiences and students were asked to respond to virtual decision and game situations at gametheory.tau.ac.il. Several thousand observations were collected and the response time for each answer was recorded. There were significant differences in response time across responses. It is suggested that choices made instinctively, that is, on the basis of an emotional response, require less response time than choices that require the use of cognitive reasoning.
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  11.  30
    Immigration and Refugee Crises in Fourth-Century Greece: An Athenian Perspective.Lene Rubinstein - 2018 - The European Legacy 23 (1-2):5-24.
    The fourth-century B.C. was a period during which a large number of Greek cities were affected by civil wars, military conquests, and destruction, with the displacement of large numbers of men, women and children as a result. This has implications for the modern debate on Athenian attitudes to immigration, which normally focuses on just two groups of free non-citizens: adult, able-bodied men who moved to Athens voluntarily to take advantage of the city’s economic opportunities and on the free non-citizen population (...)
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  12.  76
    (A, F ) Choice with Frames.Ariel Rubinstein - manuscript
    We develop a framework for modeling choice in the presence of framing effects. An extended choice function assigns a chosen element to every pair (A, f ) where A is a set of alternatives and f is a frame. A frame includes observable information that is irrelevant in the rational assessment of the alternatives, but nonetheless affects choice. We relate the new framework to the classical model of choice correspondence. Conditions are identified under which there exists either a transitive or (...)
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  13.  6
    The Body as a Data Set.Daniel Rubinstein - 2019 - Philosophy of Photography 10 (2):225-227.
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  14.  32
    A Sceptic's Comment on the Study of Economics.Ariel Rubinstein - manuscript
    A survey was carried out among two groups of undergraduate economics students and four groups of students in mathematics, law, philosophy and business administration. The main survey question involved a conflict between profit maximisation and the welfare of the workers who would be fired to achieve it. Significant differences were found between the choices of the groups. The results were reinforced by a survey conducted among readers of an Israeli business newspaper and PhD students of Harvard. It is argued that (...)
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  15.  53
    Comments on Neuroeconomics.Ariel Rubinstein - 2008 - Economics and Philosophy 24 (3):485-494.
    Neuroeconomics is examined critically using data on the response times of subjects who were asked to express their preferences in the context of the Allais Paradox. Different patterns of choice are found among the fast and slow responders. This suggests that we try to identify types of economic agents by the time they take to make their choices. Nevertheless, it is argued that it is far from clear if and how neuroeconomics will change economics.
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  16. A Model of Choice From Lists.Ariel Rubinstein - unknown
    The standard economic choice model assumes that the decision maker chooses from sets of alternatives. In contrast, we analyze a choice model in which the decision maker encounters the alternatives in the form of a list. We present two axioms similar in nature to the classical axioms of choice from sets. We show that they characterize all the choice functions from lists that involve the choice of either the first or the last optimal alternative in the list according to some (...)
     
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  17.  58
    On the Question "Who is a J?"* A Social Choice Approach.Ariel Rubinstein - manuscript
    The determination of “who is a J” within a society is treated as an aggregation of the views of the members of the society regarding this question. Methods, similar to those used in Social Choice theory are applied to axiomatize three criteria for determining who is a J: 1) a J is whoever defines oneself to be a J. 2) a J is whoever a “dictator” determines is a J. 3) a J is whoever an “oligarchy” of individuals agrees is (...)
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  18.  43
    A Theorist's View of Experiments.Ariel Rubinstein - manuscript
    The paper springs from a position that economic theory is an abstract investigation of the concepts and considerations involved in real life economic decision making rather than a tool for predicting or describing real behavior. It is argued that when experimental economics is motivated by theory, it should not look to verify the predictions of theory but instead should focus on verifying that the considerations contained in the economic model are sound and in common use. It is argued that when (...)
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  19.  33
    Marx and Wittgenstein: Social Praxis and Social Explanation.David Rubinstein - 1981 - Routledge & Kegan Paul.
    First published in 2005. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.
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  20.  22
    The Concept of Action in the Social Sciences.D. Rubinstein - 1977 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 7 (2):209–236.
  21. Political Ideas in Sienese Art: The Frescoes by Ambrogio Lorenzetti and Taddeo di Bartolo in the Palazzo Pubblico.Nicolai Rubinstein - 1958 - Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes 21 (3/4):179-207.
  22.  34
    Some Thoughts on the Principle of Revealed Preference.Ariel Rubinstein - manuscript
    (2) Mental preferences: These describe the mental attitude of an individual toward the objects. They can be defined in contexts which do not involve actual choice. In particular, preferences can describe tastes (such as a preference for one season over another) or can refer to situations which are only hypothetical (such as the possible courses of action available to an individual were he to become Emperor of Rome) or which the individual does not fully control (such as a game situation (...)
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  23.  7
    M. Rubinstein's Project of the Practical Philosophy of Neo-Kantianism: Pedagogy as Applied Value System.Kirill Faradzhev - 2011 - Kant-Studien 102 (2):191-201.
    This article is devoted to the Russian Neokantian philosopher, teacher and member of the Kant Society, Moses M. Rubinstein, who attined his doctoral degree under Rickert in 1905 and who was very involved in promoting Kantianism in Russian. He is known for his public defence of Kant in 1914 at the time of the slavophile attacks on Kantian philosophy occasioned by World War I. Rubinstein's essay on “The Logical Foundations of the Hegelian System and the End of History” (...)
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  24.  14
    The Enemy as a Patient: What Can Be Learned From the Emotional Experience of Physicians and Why Does It Matter Ethically?Gil Rubinstein & Miriam Ethel Bentwich - 2017 - Developing World Bioethics 17 (2):100-111.
    This qualitative research examines the influence of animosity on physicians during clinical encounters and its ethical implications. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with ten Israeli-Jewish physicians: four treated Syrians and six treated Palestinian terrorists/Hezbollah militants or Palestinian civilians. An interpretive phenomenological analysis was used to uncover main themes in these interviews. Whereas the majority of physicians stated they are obligated to treat any patient, physicians who treated Syrians exhibited stronger emotional expression and implicit empathy, while less referring to the presence of (...)
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  25.  31
    Freak-Freakonomics.Ariel Rubinstein - manuscript
    New York University. He is the recipient of the Bruno Prize (2000), the Israel Prize (2002), the Nemmers Prize (2004).
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  26.  30
    New Directions in Economic Theory- Bounded Rationality.Ariel Rubinstein - unknown
    Resumert Este trabajo presenta varios modelos que destacan el contraste entre las teorias de la decision y de los juegos, por una parte, y la intuicidn y los datos empiricos y experimentales, por otra. Estos ejemplos estimulan la adopcion del punto de vista de la ra-.
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  27.  46
    On Optimal Rules of Persuasion.Ariel Rubinstein - manuscript
    A speaker wishes to persuade a listener to accept a certain request. The conditions under which the request is justified, from the listener’s point of view, depend on the values of two aspects. The values of the aspects are known only to the speaker and the listener can check the value of at most one. A mechanism specifies a set of messages that the speaker can send and a rule that determines the listener’s response, namely, which aspect he checks and (...)
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  28.  38
    Discussion of “Behavioral Economics”.Ariel Rubinstein - manuscript
    For me, economics is a collection of ideas and conventions which economists accept and use to reason with. Namely, it is a culture. Behavioral economics represents a transformation of that culture. Nonetheless, as pointed out by Camerer and Loewenstein (2003), its methods are pretty much the same as those introduced by the Game Theory revolution. At the core of most models in Behavioral Economics there are still agents who maximize a preference relation over some space of consequences and the solution (...)
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  29.  67
    On the Interpretation of Decision Problems with Imperfect Recall.Michele Piccione & Ariel Rubinstein - manuscript
    We argue that in extensive decision problems (extensive games with a single player) with imperfect recall care must be taken in interpreting information sets and strategies. Alternative interpretations allow for different kinds of analysis. We address the following issues: 1. randomization at information sets; 2. consistent beliefs; 3. time consistency of optimal plans; 4. the multiselves approach to decision making. We illustrate our discussion through an example that we call the ‘‘paradox of the absentminded driver.’’ Journal of Economic Literature Classification (...)
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  30.  31
    Equilibrium in the Jungle.Ariel Rubinstein - manuscript
    In the jungle, power and coercion govern the exchange of resources. We study a simple, stylised model of the jungle that mirrors an exchange economy. We define the notion of jungle equilibrium and demonstrate that a number of standard results of competitive markets hold in the jungle.
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  31.  44
    The Absent-Minded Driver's Paradox: Synthesis and Responses.Ariel Rubinstein - unknown
    from now on , was to point out that the model commonly used to describe . a decision problem with imperfect recall suffers from major ambiguities in its interpretation. We claimed that several issues which were immaterial in decision problems with perfect recall may be of importance in the analysis of decision problems with imperfect recall. The issues that we raised can be summarized by the following questions.
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  32.  21
    Language Games and Natural Reactions.David Rubinstein - 2004 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 34 (1):55–71.
    Ludwig Wittgenstein imagines a variety of eccentric social practices—like a tribe trained “to give no expression of feeling of any kind”. But he also speaks of “the common behavior of mankind” that is rooted in “natural/primitive reactions”. This emphasis on the uniformities of human behavior raises questions about the plausibility of some of his imagined language games. Indeed, it suggests the claim of evolutionary psychologists that there are biologically based human universals that shape social practices. But in contrast to E.O. (...)
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  33. The Beginnings of Political Thought in Florence. A Study in Mediaeval Historiography.Nicolai Rubinstein - 1942 - Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes 5:198-227.
  34.  9
    Tag, Tagging.Daniel Rubinstein - 2010 - Philosophy of Photography 1 (2):197-200.
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  35.  23
    Choice Problems with a 'Reference' Point.Ariel Rubinstein - manuscript
    In many decision scenarios, one has to choose an element from a set S given some reference point e. For the case where S is a subset of a Euclidean space, we axiomatize the choice method that selects the point in S that is closest to e. © 1999 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.
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  36. Judging the Other: Responding to Traditional Female Genital Surgeries.Sandra D. Lane & Robert A. Rubinstein - 1996 - Hastings Center Report 26 (3):31-40.
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  37.  36
    The Concept of Justice in Sociology.David Rubinstein - 1988 - Theory and Society 17 (4):527-550.
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  38. Florentina-Libertas+ the Concept of Political Liberty in Renaissance Florence.Nicolai Rubinstein - 1986 - Rinascimento 26:3-26.
     
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  39.  35
    Michelangelo's Lost Sleeping Cupid and Fetti's Vertumnus and Pomona.Ruth Rubinstein - 1986 - Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes 49:257-259.
  40.  19
    Statistical Learning is Constrained to Less Abstract Patterns in Complex Sensory Input.Lauren L. Emberson & Dani Y. Rubinstein - 2016 - Cognition 153:63-78.
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  41.  28
    Wittgenstein and Science.David Rubinstein - 1979 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 9 (3):341-346.
  42.  19
    Die logischen Grundlagen des Hegelschen Systems und das Ende der Geschichte.M. Rubinstein - 1906 - Kant-Studien 11 (1-3):40-108.
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  43.  13
    Some Factors in Probability Matching.Irvin Rubinstein - 1959 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 57 (6):413.
  44.  35
    A Study in the Pragmatics of Persuasion: A Game Theoretical Approach.Jacob Glazer & Ariel Rubinstein - unknown
    A speaker wishes to persuade a listener to take a certain action. The conditions under which the request is justified, from the listener’s point of view, depend on the state of the world, which is known only to the speaker. Each state is characterized by a set of statements from which the speaker chooses. A persuasion rule specifies which statements the listener finds persuasive. We study persuasion rules that maximize the probability that the listener accepts the request if and only (...)
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  45.  21
    Book Reviews : Wittgenstein and Phenomenology. A Comparative Study of the Later Wittgen Stein, Husserl, Heidegger, and Merleau-Ponty. BY NICHOLAS F. GIER. Albany: State University of New York Press, 1981. Pp. 268. $34.00 (Cloth), $9.95. [REVIEW]David Rubinstein - 1984 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 14 (4):582-585.
  46.  14
    Democracy’s Dharma: Religious Renaissance and Political Development in Taiwan. By Richard Madsen.Murray A. Rubinstein - 2008 - Journal of Chinese Philosophy 35 (4):695-697.
  47.  4
    Democracy’s Dharma: Religious Renaissance and Political Development in Taiwan. By Richard Madsen.Murray A. Rubinstein - 2008 - Journal of Chinese Philosophy 35 (4):695-697.
  48.  4
    Mirroring the Past: The Writing and Use of History in Imperial China – by on-Cho Ng and Q. Edward Wang.Murray Rubinstein - 2007 - Journal of Chinese Philosophy 34 (3):452–455.
  49. Nicolai Rubinstein, The Government of Florence Under the Medici (1434 to 1494). (Oxford-Warburg Studies.) Oxford: Clarendon Press; New York: Oxford University Press, 1997. Pp. Xvii, 406; Tables. $87. First Published in 1966. [REVIEW]Sharon T. Strocchia - 1999 - Speculum 74 (4):1115-1115.
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  50. Nicolai Rubinstein 1911-2002.Daniel Waley - 2004 - In Proceedings of the British Academy, Volume 124. Biographical Memoirs of Fellows, III. pp. 312-330.
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