Results for 'Scott Woodcock'

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  1.  26
    You Must Be Joking!Scott Woodcock - 2015 - The LSE Forum.
    Are jokes sometimes funnier because they are immoral, wonders Scott Woodcock.
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  2. Philippa Foot's Virtue Ethics has an Achilles' Heel.Scott Woodcock - 2006 - Dialogue 45 (3):445-468.
    My aim in this article is to argue that Philippa Foot fails to provide a convincing basis for moral evaluation in her book Natural Goodness. Foot’s proposal fails because her conception of natural goodness and defect in human beings either sanctions prescriptive claims that are clearly objectionable or else it inadvertently begs the question of what constitutes a good human life by tacitly appealing to an independent ethical standpoint to sanitize the theory’s normative implications. Foot’s appeal to natural facts about (...)
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  3.  13
    Aristotelian Naturalism Vs. Mutants, Aliens and the Great Red Dragon.Scott Woodcock - 2018 - American Philosophical Quarterly 55 (4):313-328.
    In this paper I present a new objection to the Aristotelian Naturalism defended by Philippa Foot. I describe this objection as a membership objection because it reveals the fact that AN invites counterexamples when pressed to identify the individuals bound by its normative claims. I present three examples of agents for whom the norms generated by AN are not obviously authoritative: mutants, aliens, and the Great Red Dragon. Those who continue to advocate for Foot's view can give compelling replies to (...)
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  4. The Robustness of Altruism as an Evolutionary Strategy.Scott Woodcock & Joseph Heath - 2002 - Biology and Philosophy 17 (4):567-590.
    Kin selection, reciprocity and group selection are widely regarded as evolutionary mechanisms capable of sustaining altruism among humans andother cooperative species. Our research indicates, however, that these mechanisms are only particular examples of a broader set of evolutionary possibilities.In this paper we present the results of a series of simple replicator simulations, run on variations of the 2–player prisoner's dilemma, designed to illustrate the wide range of scenarios under which altruism proves to be robust under evolutionary pressures. The set of (...)
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  5. Horror Films and the Argument From Reactive Attitudes.Scott Woodcock - 2013 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 16 (2):309-324.
    Are horror films immoral? Gianluca Di Muzio argues that horror films of a certain kind are immoral because they undermine the reactive attitudes that are responsible for human agents being disposed to respond compassionately to instances of victimization. I begin with this argument as one instance of what I call the Argument from Reactive Attitudes (ARA), and I argue that Di Muzio’s attempt to identify what is morally suspect about horror films must be revised to provide the most persuasive interpretation (...)
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  6.  6
    When Will Your Consequentialist Friend Abandon You for the Greater Good?Scott Woodcock - 2010 - Journal of Ethics and Social Philosophy 4 (2):1-24.
    According to a well-known objection to consequentialism, the answer to the preceding question is alarmingly straightforward: your consequentialist friend will abandon you the minute that she can more efficiently promote goodness via options that do not include her maintaining a relationship with you. The most prominent response to this objection is to emphasize the profound value of friendship for human agents and to remind critics of the distinction between the theory’s criterion of rightness and an effective decision-making procedure. Whether or (...)
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  7.  20
    Disability, Diversity, and the Elimination of Human Kinds.Scott Woodcock - 2009 - Social Theory and Practice 35 (2):251-278.
    In this paper I address the claim that it is morally wrong to seek the elimination of certain human kinds characterized by disability by preventing the representative members of the relevant kinds from existing. I argue that there are compelling reasons to take a qualified interpretation of this claim seriously. Specifically, the aim of this paper is to endorse one consideration that illustrates a morally problematic feature of seeking to eliminate human kinds. I defend the claim that it is morally (...)
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  8. Moral Schizophrenia and the Paradox of Friendship.Scott Woodcock - 2010 - Utilitas 22 (1):1-25.
    In his landmark paper, , Michael Stocker introduces an affliction that is, according to his diagnosis, endemic to all modern ethical theories. Stocker's paper is well known and often cited, yet moral schizophrenia remains a surprisingly obscure diagnosis. I argue that moral schizophrenia, properly understood, is not necessarily as disruptive as its name suggests. However, I also argue that Stocker's inability to demonstrate that moral schizophrenia constitutes a reductio of modern ethical theories does not rule out the possibility that he (...)
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  9.  30
    When Will a Consequentialist Push You in Front of a Trolley?Scott Woodcock - 2017 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 95 (2):299-316.
    As the trolley problem runs its course, consequentialists tend to adopt one of two strategies: silently take comfort in the fact that deontological rivals face their own enduring difficulties, or appeal to cognitive psychology to discredit the deontological intuitions on which the trolley problem depends. I refer to the first strategy as silent schadenfreude and the second as debunking attack. My aim in this paper is to argue that consequentialists ought to reject both strategies and instead opt for what I (...)
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  10.  45
    Neo-Aristotelian Naturalism and the Indeterminacy Objection.Scott Woodcock - 2015 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 23 (1):20-41.
    Philippa Foot’s virtue ethics remains an intriguing but divisive position in normative ethics. For some, the promise of grounding human virtue in natural facts is a useful method of establishing normative content. For others, the natural facts on which the virtues are established appear naively uninformed when it comes to the empirical details of our species. In response to this criticism, a new cohort of neo-Aristotelians like John Hacker-Wright attempt to defend Foot by reminding critics that the facts at stake (...)
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  11.  17
    Earthquakes, People‐Seeds and a Cabin in the Woods.Scott Woodcock - 2017 - Journal of Social Philosophy 48 (1):71-91.
    John Martin Fischer has published a trilogy of papers discussing Judith Jarvis Thomson’s ground-breaking “A Defense of Abortion”. Fischer claims that neither the unconscious violinist nor the people-seeds thought experiment is persuasive, and he concludes that Thomson’s arguments are incomplete in the sense that they require further support to secure the permissibility of abortion in their respective contexts of pregnancy resulting from rape and pregnancy resulting from voluntary intercourse and contraceptive failure. My aim in this paper is to identify three (...)
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  12. Jonathan Hodge and Gregory Radick, Eds., The Cambridge Companion to Darwin Reviewed By.Scott Woodcock - 2004 - Philosophy in Review 24 (3):199-203.
     
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  13.  36
    Comic Immoralism and Relatively Funny Jokes.Scott Woodcock - 2015 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 32 (2):203-216.
    A widely accepted view in the philosophy of humour is that immoral jokes, like racist, sexist or homophobic jokes, can nevertheless be funny. What remains controversial is whether the moral flaws in these jokes can sometimes increase their humour. Moderate comic immoralism claims that it is possible, in at least some cases, for moral flaws to increase the humour of jokes. Critics of moderate comic immoralism deny that this ever occurs. They recognise that some jokes are both funny and immoral, (...)
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  14.  51
    Pedagogy and People-Seeds: Teaching Judith Jarvis Thomson’s “A Defense of Abortion”.Scott Woodcock - 2005 - Teaching Philosophy 28 (3):213-235.
    Judith Thomson’s “A Defense of Abortion” is one of the most widely taught papers in undergraduate philosophy, yet it is notoriously difficult to teach. Thomson uses simple terminology and imaginative thought experiments, but her philosophical moves are complex and sometimes difficult to explain to a class still mystified by the prospect of being kidnapped to save a critically ill violinist. My aim here is to identify four sources of difficulty that tend to arise when teaching this paper. In my experience, (...)
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  15.  57
    Vulnerabilities of Morality.Scott Woodcock, Frederick Kroon, Thomas Bittner & Peter Pagin - 2008 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 38 (1):pp. 141-159.
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  16.  45
    Five Reasons Why Margaret Somerville is Wrong About Same-Sex Marriage and the Rights of Children.Scott Woodcock - 2009 - Dialogue 48 (4):867.
    ABSTRACT: In written work and a lecture at the 2008 Congress of the Humanities and Social Sciences that was co-sponsored by the Canadian Philosophical Association, Margaret Somerville has claimed that allowing same-sex marriage is unethical because doing so violates the inherently procreative function of marriage and thereby undermines the rights and duties that exist between children and their biological parents. In my paper, I offer five reasons for thinking that Somerville’s argument for this conclusion is unpersuasive. In each case her (...)
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  17.  49
    Abortion Counselling and the Informed Consent Dilemma.Scott Woodcock - 2011 - Bioethics 25 (9):495-504.
    An obstacle to abortion exists in the form of abortion ‘counselling’ that discourages women from terminating their pregnancies. This counselling involves providing information about the procedure that tends to create feelings of guilt, anxiety and strong emotional reactions to the recognizable form of a human fetus. Instances of such counselling that involve false or misleading information are clearly unethical and do not prompt much philosophical reflection, but the prospect of truthful abortion counselling draws attention to a delicate issue for healthcare (...)
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  18.  49
    The Significance of Non-Vertical Transmission of Phenotype for the Evolution of Altruism.Scott Woodcock - 2006 - Biology and Philosophy 21 (2):213-234.
    My aim in this paper is to demonstrate that a very simple learning rule based on imitation can help to sustain altruism as a culturally transmitted pattern or behaviour among agents playing a standard prisoner’s dilemma game. The point of this demonstration is not to prove that imitation is single-handedly responsible for existing levels of altruism (a thesis that is false), nor is the point to show that imitation is an important factor in explanations for the evolution of altruism (a (...)
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  19.  9
    Philippa Foot’s Virtue Ethics Has an Achilles’ Heel.Scott Woodcock - 2006 - Dialogue 45 (3):445-468.
    ABSTRACT: My aim in this article is to argue that Philippa Foot fails to provide a convincing basis for moral evaluation in her book Natural Goodness. Foot’s proposal fails because her conception of natural goodness and defect in human beings either sanctions prescriptive claims that are clearly objectionable or else it inadvertently begs the question of what constitutes a good human life by tacitly appealing to an independent ethical standpoint to sanitize the theory’s normative implications. Foot’s appeal to natural facts (...)
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  20.  35
    The Social Dimensions of Modesty.Scott Woodcock - 2008 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 38 (1):1-29.
    Several attempts have been made in the recent literature to provide a viable definition of the virtue of modesty. The most prominent of these comes from Julia Driver, who claims that modesty is the virtue of being disposed to persistently underestimate one’s self-worth despite available evidence to the contrary. In this paper, I argue that none of the recently presented definitions of modesty manage to capture its elusive nature. I argue that Driver and her critics fail to accurately define modesty (...)
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  21.  3
    David Baggett , Ed. Tennis and Philosophy: What is the Racket All About? Reviewed By. [REVIEW]Scott Woodcock - 2011 - Philosophy in Review 31 (1):1-3.
  22. Giovanni Boniolo and Gabrielle De Anna, Eds. Evolutionary Ethics and Contemporary Biology Reviewed By.Scott Woodcock - 2007 - Philosophy in Review 27 (5):317-320.
     
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  23. David L. Hull and Michael Ruse, Eds., The Cambridge Companion to The Philosophy of Biology. [REVIEW]Scott Woodcock - 2009 - Philosophy in Review 29 (2):114.
     
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  24. Multiculturalism and the Cosmopolitan Ideal.Scott Woodcock - 1998 - Eidos: The Canadian Graduate Journal of Philosophy 15.
     
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  25. Michael Ruse, Mystery of Mysteries: Is Evolution a Social Construction? Reviewed By.Scott Woodcock - 2000 - Philosophy in Review 20 (3):214-216.
     
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  26.  82
    Aristotle on Well-Being and Intellectual Contemplation: Dominic Scott.Dominic Scott - 1999 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 73 (1):225–242.
    [David Charles] Aristotle, it appears, sometimes identifies well-being (eudaimonia) with one activity (intellectual contemplation), sometimes with several, including ethical virtue. I argue that this appearance is misleading. In the Nicomachean Ethics, intellectual contemplation is the central case of human well-being, but is not identical with it. Ethically virtuous activity is included in human well-being because it is an analogue of intellectual contemplation. This structure allows Aristotle to hold that while ethically virtuous activity is valuable in its own right, the best (...)
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  27.  20
    “We Are a Group of Feminist Lawyers Doing What We Can”: An Interview with Emma Scott, Director of Rights of Women.Hannah Camplin & Emma Scott - 2015 - Feminist Legal Studies 23 (3):319-328.
  28.  14
    Book Review: Guidance for PastorsThe Pastoral Epistles; Introduction, Translation, Commentary, by EastonBurton Scott. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York, 1947. 240 Pp. $3.00. [REVIEW]E. F. Scott - 1948 - Interpretation 2 (2):239-241.
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  29.  29
    Aristotle On Well-Being And Intellectual Contemplation: Dominic Scott.Dominic Scott - 1999 - Supplement to the Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 73 (1):225-242.
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  30.  19
    Comment by Charles E. Scott.Charles E. Scott - 1970 - Proceedings of the Hegel Society of America 1:45-49.
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  31.  58
    Report From Bill Scott On Polanyi Biography.William T. Scott - 1981 - Tradition and Discovery 8 (2):2-3.
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  32.  56
    Scott Replies to Harker Letter.Drusilla Scott - 1986 - Tradition and Discovery 14 (2):25-26.
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  33.  21
    Floyd and Scott, From Page 13.Kathryn P. Scott & Deborah Martin Floyd - 1991 - Inquiry: Critical Thinking Across the Disciplines 8 (4):26-26.
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  34.  31
    Sir Walter Scott in Malta.Jo Xuereb Brennan & Walter Scott - 2014 - The Chesterton Review 40 (1/2):247-248.
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  35.  27
    Scott Adams.Scott Adams & Mary Scott - 1996 - Business Ethics: The Magazine of Corporate Responsibility 10 (4):26-29.
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  36.  26
    Manichaean Responses to Zoroastrianism. *: D. A. SCOTT.D. A. Scott - 1989 - Religious Studies 25 (4):435-457.
    Justice will once take the place which the Magians are keeping now, for it is they who lord it over the world.
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  37.  18
    Schleiermacher and the Problem of Divine Immediacy: CHARLES E. SCOTT.Charles E. Scott - 1968 - Religious Studies 3 (2):499-512.
    A problem which was widely recognised during Schleiermacher's life, and one which I think is not yet satisfactorily solved, concerned the integration of feeling and concepts within human consciousness. Within the domain of philosophy of religion it may be phrased as follows: How does religious feeling relate to rational reflection such that each complements and enriches the other? Schleiermacher was convinced that religion never originates in human understanding or autonomy and that one's understanding of the world is not necessarily dependent (...)
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  38.  27
    Scott Adams.Mary Scott - 1996 - Business Ethics 10 (4):26-29.
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  39.  12
    II–Dominic Scott: Primary and SecondaryEudaimonia.Dominic Scott - 1999 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 73 (1):225-242.
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  40.  25
    Floyd and Scott, From Page 13.Kathryn P. Scott & Deborah Martin Floyd - 1991 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 8 (4):26-26.
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  41. Prayer is Therapy-Cynthia B. Cohen, Sondra E. Wheeler, and David A. Scott Reply.C. B. Cohen, S. E. Wheeler & D. A. Scott - 2000 - Hastings Center Report 30 (6):5-5.
     
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  42. A Response to Joan Wallach Scott.Joan Wallach Scott - 1995 - In Jeffrey Williams (ed.), Pc Wars: Politics and Theory in the Academy. Routledge.
  43.  19
    Philippa Foot’s So-Called Achilles’ Heel.Jessy Jordan - 2017 - American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 91 (2):251-271.
    Philippa Foot’s attempt in Natural Goodness to defend the claim that moral goodness is a form of species-specific natural goodness and that immorality is a natural defect has elicited a number of challenges. For instance, Scott Woodcock presents the following dilemma: Foot’s account of natural normativity either yields morally objectionable results, or there exists an appeal to a normative standard not grounded in natural norms. I contend that the Footian Neo-Aristotelian approach possesses the resources necessary for an adequate (...)
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  44.  17
    Perpetuation of Retracted Publications Using the Example of the Scott S. Reuben Case: Incidences, Reasons and Possible Improvements.Helmar Bornemann-Cimenti, Istvan S. Szilagyi & Andreas Sandner-Kiesling - 2016 - Science and Engineering Ethics 22 (4):1063-1072.
    In 2009, Scott S. Reuben was convicted of fabricating data, which lead to 25 of his publications being retracted. Although it is clear that the perpetuation of retracted articles negatively effects the appraisal of evidence, the extent to which retracted literature is cited had not previously been investigated. In this study, to better understand the perpetuation of discredited research, we examine the number of citations of Reuben’s articles within 5 years of their retraction. Citations of Reuben’s retracted articles were (...)
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  45. ‘How Can It Not Know What It Is?’: Self and Other in Ridley Scott's Blade Runner.Andrew Norris - 2013 - Film-Philosophy 17 (1):19-50.
    In this essay I provide a reading of Ridley Scott's Blade Runner that focuses upon the question of the kind of creatures the Replicants are depicted as being, and the meaning that depiction should have for us. I draw upon Stanley Cavell's account of the problem of other minds to argue that the empathy test is in fact a mode of resisting the acknowledgment of others. And I draw upon Martin Heidegger's account of authenticity and mortality to argue that (...)
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  46. What Role Should Propositions Have in the Theory of Meaning? Review Essay: Scott Soames. What is Meaning?Kirk Ludwig - 2012 - Philosophia 40 (4):885-901.
  47.  34
    Remarks on the Scott–Lindenbaum Theorem.Gillman Payette & Peter K. Schotch - 2014 - Studia Logica 102 (5):1003-1020.
    In the late 1960s and early 1970s, Dana Scott introduced a kind of generalization (or perhaps simplification would be a better description) of the notion of inference, familiar from Gentzen, in which one may consider multiple conclusions rather than single formulas. Scott used this idea to good effect in a number of projects including the axiomatization of many-valued logics (of various kinds) and a reconsideration of the motivation of C.I. Lewis. Since he left the subject it has been (...)
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  48.  25
    Improving a Bounding Result That Constructs Models of High Scott Rank.Christina Goddard - 2016 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 57 (1):59-71.
    Let $T$ be a theory in a countable fragment of $\mathcal{L}_{\omega_{1},\omega}$ whose extensions in countable fragments have only countably many types. Sacks proves a bounding theorem that generates models of high Scott rank. For this theorem, a tree hierarchy is developed for $T$ that enumerates these extensions. In this paper, we effectively construct a predecessor function for formulas defining types in this tree hierarchy as follows. Let $T_{\gamma}\subseteq T_{\delta}$ with $T_{\gamma}$- and $T_{\delta}$-theories on level $\gamma$ and $\delta$, respectively. Then (...)
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  49.  9
    Bounded Scott Set Saturation.Alex M. McAllister - 2002 - Mathematical Logic Quarterly 48 (2):245-259.
    We examine the relationship between two different notions of a structure being Scott set saturated and identify sufficient conditions which guarantee that a structure is uniquely Scott set saturated. We also consider theories representing Scott sets; in particular, we identify a sufficient condition on a theory T so that for any given countable Scott set there exists a completion of T that is saturated with respect to the given Scott set. These results extend Scott's (...)
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  50. The Bible View of Life the Scott Holland Memorial Lectures 1936.S. C. Carpenter - 1937 - Eyre & Spottiswoode.
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