Results for 'Paul R. DeHart'

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  1. Fractured Foundations: The Contradiction Between Locke's Ontology and His Moral Philosophy.Paul R. Dehart - 2012 - Locke Studies 12:111-148.
     
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  2. Uncovering the Constitution's Moral Design.Paul R. DeHart - 2007 - University of Missouri.
    The U.S. Constitution provides a framework for our laws, but what does it have to say about morality? Paul DeHart ferrets out that document’s implicit moral assumptions as he revisits the notion that constitutions are more than merely practical institutional arrangements. In _Uncovering the Constitution’s Moral Design_, he seeks to reveal, elaborate, and then evaluate the Constitution’s normative framework to determine whether it is philosophically sound—and whether it makes moral assumptions that correspond to reality. Rejecting the standard approach (...)
     
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  3. Reason, Revelation, and the Civic Order: Political Philosophy and the Claims of Faith.Paul R. DeHart & Carson Holloway (eds.) - 2014 - Northern Illinois University Press.
    While the dominant approaches to the current study of political philosophy are various, with some friendlier to religious belief than others, almost all place constraints on the philosophic and political role of revelation. Mainstream secular political theorists do not entirely disregard religion. But to the extent that they pay attention, their treatment of religious belief is seen more as a political or philosophic problem to be addressed rather than as a positive body of thought from which we might derive important (...)
     
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  4.  46
    Leviathan Leashed: The Incoherence of Absolute Sovereign Power.Paul R. DeHart - 2013 - Critical Review: A Journal of Politics and Society 25 (1):1-37.
    Early modern theorists linked the idea of sovereign power to a conception of absolute power developed during the medieval period. Ockham had reframed the already extant distinction between God's absolute and ordained powers in order to argue that God was free of moral constraint in ordaining natural law for human beings. Thus, the natural law could command the opposite of what God had ordained if He wished to make it so. Bodin extended Ockham's argument to earthly sovereigns, who do not (...)
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  5. The Best Explanation: Criteria for Theory Choice.Paul R. Thagard - 1978 - Journal of Philosophy 75 (2):76-92.
  6. The Web‐Extended Mind.Paul R. Smart - 2012 - Metaphilosophy 43 (4):446-463.
    This article explores the notion of the Web-extended mind, which is the idea that the technological and informational elements of the Web can sometimes serve as part of the mechanistic substrate that realizes human mental states and processes. It is argued that while current forms of the Web may not be particularly suited to the realization of Web-extended minds, new forms of user interaction technology as well as new approaches to information representation do provide promising new opportunities for Web-based forms (...)
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  7. Why Astrology is a Pseudoscience.Paul R. Thagard - 1978 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1978:223 - 234.
    Using astrology as a case study, this paper attempts to establish a criterion for demarcating science from pseudoscience. Numerous reasons for considering astrology to be a pseudoscience are evaluated and rejected; verifiability and falsifiability are briefly discussed. A theory is said to be pseudoscientific if and only if (1) it has been less progressive than alternative theories over a long period of time, and faces many unsolved problems, but (2) the community of practitioners makes little attempt to develop the theory (...)
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  8.  5
    Algebraic Logic.Paul R. Halmos - 1962 - Chelsea.
  9.  10
    The Perspectives of Psychiatry.Paul R. McHugh - 1998 - Johns Hopkins University Press.
    Substantially revised to include a wealth of new material, the second edition of this highly acclaimed work provides a concise, coherent introduction that brings structure to an increasingly fragmented and amorphous discipline. Paul R. McHugh and Phillip R. Slavney offer an approach that emphasizes psychiatry's unifying concepts while accommodating its diversity. Recognizing that there may never be a single, all-encompassing theory, the book distills psychiatric practice into four explanatory methods: diseases, dimensions of personality, goal-directed behaviors, and life stories. These (...)
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  10. Confucianism.Paul R. Goldin - 2010 - Routledge.
    "Confucianism" presents the history and salient tenets of Confucian thought, and discusses its viability, from both a social and a philosophical point of view, in the modern world. Despite most of the major Confucian texts having been translated into English, there remains a surprising lack of straightforward textbooks on Confucian philosophy in any Western language. Those that do exist are often oriented from the point of view of Western philosophy - or, worse, a peculiar school of thought within Western philosophy (...)
     
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  11. Concepts and Conceptual Change.Paul R. Thagard - 1990 - Synthese 82 (2):255-74.
    This paper argues that questions concerning the nature of concepts that are central in cognitive psychology are also important to epistemology and that there is more to conceptual change than mere belief revision. Understanding of epistemic change requires appreciation of the complex ways in which concepts are structured and organized and of how this organization can affect belief revision. Following a brief summary of the psychological functions of concepts and a discussion of some recent accounts of what concepts are, I (...)
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  12. The Cognitive Basis of Science.Paul R. Thagard - 2002 - Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
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  13.  41
    Executive Attitudes, Organizational Size and Ethical Issues: Perspectives on a Service Industry. [REVIEW]Paul R. Murphy, Jonathan E. Smith & James M. Daley - 1992 - Journal of Business Ethics 11 (1):11 - 19.
    Responding to Randall and Gibson''s (1990) call for more rigorous methodologies in empirically-based ethics research, this paper develops propositions — based on both previous ethics research as well as the larger organizational behavior literature — examining the impact of attitudes, leadership, presence/absence of ethical codes and organizational size on corporate ethical behavior. The results, which come from a mail survey of 149 companies in a major U.S. service industry, indicate that attitudes and organizational size are the best predictors of ethical (...)
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  14.  16
    Lectures on Boolean Algebras.Paul R. Halmos - 1966 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 31 (2):253-254.
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  15.  79
    Existential Inertia.Paul R. Audi - 2019 - Philosophic Exchange 48 (1):1-26.
    To all appearances, the basic building blocks of reality tend to keep existing unless something intervenes to destroy them. In other words, basic things seem to have existential inertia. But why might this be? This paper considers a number of arguments for and against existential inertia. It discusses arguments inspired by Aquinas, Descartes, and Spinoza, as well as considerations deriving from Occam’s Razor, entropy, and certain views about the nature of time and change.
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  16.  68
    The Poor Man's Guide to Supervenience and Determination.Paul R. Teller - 1984 - Southern Journal of Philosophy Supplement 22 (S1):137-62.
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  17.  76
    The Passionate Scientist: Emotion in Scientific Cognition.Paul R. Thagard - 2002 - In Peter Carruthers, Stephen P. Stich & Michael Siegal (eds.), The Cognitive Basis of Science. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 235.
    Since Plato, most philosophers have drawn a sharp line between reason and emotion, assuming that emotions interfere with rationality and have nothing to contribute to good reasoning. In his dialogue the Phaedrus, Plato compared the rational part of the soul to a charioteer who must control his steeds, which correspond to the emotional parts of the soul (Plato 1961, p. 499). Today, scientists are often taken as the paragons of rationality, and scientific thought is generally assumed to be independent of (...)
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  18.  41
    Relations of Creative Responses to Working Time and Instructions.Paul R. Christensen, J. P. Guilford & R. C. Wilson - 1957 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 53 (2):82.
  19.  61
    Persistent Misconceptions About Chinese “Legalism”.Paul R. Goldin - 2011 - Journal of Chinese Philosophy 38 (1):88-104.
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  20.  43
    Dao Companion to the Philosophy of Han Fei.Paul R. Goldin (ed.) - 2012 - Springer.
    This edited volume on the thinker, his views on politics and philosophy, and the tensions of his relations with Confucianism (which he derided) is the first of its kind in English.Featuring contributions from specialists in various ...
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  21. Ecoethics: Now Central to All Ethics. [REVIEW]Paul R. Ehrlich - 2009 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 6 (4):417-436.
    A few years ago, I wrote on the need for expansion of the environmental areas of bioethics, and covered some of the topics touched on here. Sadly, although it is possible to find some notable exceptions, bioethics does not provide much of an ethical base for considering human-nature relationships. Here I’m not going to deal with these philosophical issues or others about the nature of ethical decision-making. The rapid worsening of the human predicament means that applied ethical issues with a (...)
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  22.  3
    Evidence‐Based Medicine's Curious Path: From Clinical Epidemiology to Patient‐Centered Care Through Decision Analysis.Paul R. Falzer - 2021 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 27 (3):631-637.
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  23.  8
    Facilitated Ethics Conversations.Paul R. Helft, Patricia D. Bledsoe, Maureen Hancock & Lucia D. Wocial - 2009 - Jona's Healthcare Law, Ethics, and Regulation 11 (1):27-33.
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  24. Confucianism.Paul R. Goldin - 2010 - Routledge.
    "Confucianism" presents the history and salient tenets of Confucian thought, and discusses its viability, from both a social and a philosophical point of view, in the modern world. Despite most of the major Confucian texts having been translated into English, there remains a surprising lack of straightforward textbooks on Confucian philosophy in any Western language. Those that do exist are often oriented from the point of view of Western philosophy - or, worse, a peculiar school of thought within Western philosophy (...)
     
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  25. A Contemporary Look at Emergence.Paul R. Teller - 1992 - In Ansgar Beckermann, Hans Flohr & Jaegwon Kim (eds.), Emergence or Reduction?: Prospects for Nonreductive Physicalism. De Gruyter.
     
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  26.  33
    Where Animals Go: Mechanistic Home Range Analysis Paul R. Moorcraft and Mark A. Lewis Princeton, NJ : Princeton University Press , 2006 (172 Pp; $26.95 Pbk; ISBN 0-691-00928-7). [REVIEW]R. McNeill Alexander - 2006 - Biological Theory 1 (4):433-434.
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  27. Self-Deception and Emotional Coherence.Baljinder Sahdra & Paul R. Thagard - 2003 - Minds and Machines 13 (2):213-231.
    This paper proposes that self-deception results from the emotional coherence of beliefs with subjective goals. We apply the HOTCO computational model of emotional coherence to simulate a rich case of self-deception from Hawthorne's The Scarlet Letter.We argue that this model is more psychologically realistic than other available accounts of self-deception, and discuss related issues such as wishful thinking, intention, and the division of the self.
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  28.  21
    Using Data Mining Techniques to Characterize Participation in Observational Studies.Ariel Linden & Paul R. Yarnold - 2016 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 22 (6):839-847.
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  29.  10
    Attention, Dopamine, and Schizophrenia.Paul R. Solomon & Andrew Crider - 1982 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 5 (1):75-76.
  30.  8
    Using Machine Learning to Assess Covariate Balance in Matching Studies.Ariel Linden & Paul R. Yarnold - 2016 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 22 (6):848-854.
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  31.  11
    Using Machine Learning to Identify Structural Breaks in Single-Group Interrupted Time Series Designs.Ariel Linden & Paul R. Yarnold - 2016 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 22 (6):855-859.
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  32.  11
    The Haunting Fetus: Abortion, Sexuality, and the Spirit World in Taiwan.Paul R. Katz & Marc L. Moskowitz - 2003 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 123 (1):231.
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  33.  30
    Darwin and Whewell.Paul R. Thagard - 1977 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 8 (4):353.
  34. Coherent and Creative Conceptual Combinations.Paul R. Thagard - 1997 - In T.B. Ward, S.M Smith & J. Viad (eds.), Creative Thought: An Investigation of Conceptual Structures and Processes. American Psychological Association.
    Conceptual combinations range from the utterly mundane to the sublimely creative. Mundane combinations include a myriad of adjective-noun and noun-noun juxtapositions that crop up in everyday speaking and writing, such as blue car, cooked carrots, and radio phone. Creative combinations include some of the most important theoretical constructions in science, such as sound wave, bacterial infection, and natural selection. Both mundane and creative conceptual combinations are essential to our attempts to make sense of the world and people's utterances about it. (...)
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  35.  42
    The Total Evidence Theorem for Probability Kinematics.Paul R. Graves - 1989 - Philosophy of Science 56 (2):317-324.
    L. J. Savage and I. J. Good have each demonstrated that the expected utility of free information is never negative for a decision maker who updates her degrees of belief by conditionalization on propositions learned for certain. In this paper Good's argument is generalized to show the same result for a decision maker who updates her degrees of belief on the basis of uncertain information by Richard Jeffrey's probability kinematics. The Savage/Good result is shown to be a special case of (...)
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  36.  14
    Combining Machine Learning and Matching Techniques to Improve Causal Inference in Program Evaluation.Ariel Linden & Paul R. Yarnold - 2016 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 22 (6):868-874.
  37.  7
    Combining Machine Learning and Propensity Score Weighting to Estimate Causal Effects in Multivalued Treatments.Ariel Linden & Paul R. Yarnold - 2016 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 22 (6):875-885.
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  38.  13
    Algebraic Logic, I. Monadic Boolean Algebras.Paul R. Halmos - 1958 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 23 (2):219-222.
  39.  20
    Science Policy in the Soviet Union, 1917–1927.Paul R. Josephson - 1988 - Minerva 26 (3):342-369.
  40.  7
    Using Machine Learning to Model Dose-Response Relationships.Ariel Linden, Paul R. Yarnold & Brahmajee K. Nallamothu - 2016 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 22 (6):860-867.
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  41.  97
    Humanism in Business – Towards a Paradigm Shift?Michael A. Pirson & Paul R. Lawrence - 2010 - Journal of Business Ethics 93 (4):553-565.
    Management theory and practice are facing unprecedented challenges. The lack of sustainability, the increasing inequity, and the continuous decline in societal trust pose a threat to ‘business as usual’. Capitalism is at a crossroad and scholars, practitioners, and policy makers are called to rethink business strategy in light of major external changes. In the following, we review an alternative view of human beings that is based on a renewed Darwinian theory developed by Lawrence and Nohria. We label this alternative view (...)
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  42.  37
    A Conditional Model of Evidence‐Based Decision Making.Paul R. Falzer & Melissa D. Garman - 2009 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 15 (6):1142-1151.
  43.  9
    The Influence of Greek Drama on Matthew’s Gospel.Paul R. McCuistion, Colin Warner & Francois P. Viljoen - 2014 - Hts Theological Studies 70 (1).
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  44.  94
    Han Fei's Doctrine of Self-Interest.Paul R. Goldin - 2001 - Asian Philosophy 11 (3):151 – 159.
    Chapter 49 of the Han Feizi, entitled 'Wudu', includes one of the earliest discussions in Chinese history of the concepts of gong and si: Han Fei takes si to mean 'acting in one's own interest'. Gong is simply what opposes si. 'Acting in one's own interest' is not inherently reprehensible in Han Fei's view; but a ruler must remember why ministers propose their policies: they are concerned only with enriching themselves, and look upon the ruler as nothing more than a (...)
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  45.  34
    Theoretical and Philosophical Issues in Industrial/Organizational Psychology.Paul R. Sackett - 1986 - Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology 6 (1):44-46.
    In preparing to address the question posed to the various divisions regarding the extent and character of theoretical and philosophical concerns in the various areas of psychology, I informally solicited input from about 20 Division 14 members. Almost without exception I received the same response: the observation that philosophical issues are not central to the daily activities of most I/O psychologists. After a bit more thought, most were able to identify areas or issues within I/O psychology to which philosophical issues (...)
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  46.  1
    The Ways of Genius.Paul R. Farnsworth - 1950 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 8 (4):271-271.
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  47.  31
    Why Daoism is Not Environmentalism.Paul R. Goldin - 2005 - Journal of Chinese Philosophy 32 (1):75–87.
  48.  21
    Target Energy Effects on Type 1 and Type 2 Visual Persistence.Geral M. Long & Paul R. McCarthy - 1982 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 19 (4):219-221.
  49.  14
    Response to Editor.Paul R. Goldin - 2011 - Journal of Chinese Philosophy 38 (2):328-329.
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  50.  22
    Argument Deletion Without Events.Paul R. Graves - 1993 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 34 (4):607-620.
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