Results for 'J. D. Schmitt'

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  1.  11
    Structural Analysis of Rapidly Solidified Mg–Cu–Y Glasses During Room-Temperature Embrittlement.D. I. Uhlenhaut, F. H. Dalla Torre, A. Castellero, C. A. P. Gomez, N. Djourelov, G. Krauss, B. Schmitt, B. Patterson & J. F. Löffler - 2009 - Philosophical Magazine 89 (3):233-248.
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  2.  85
    Bokk Review.Eleonore Stump, Charles B. Schmitt, James J. Murphy, M. Mugnai, Robin Smith, C. W. Kilmister, N. C. A. da Costa, von G. Schenk, Robert Bunn, D. W. Barron & A. Grieder - 1982 - History and Philosophy of Logic 3 (2):213-240.
    MEDIEVAL LOGICS LAMBERT MARIE DE RIJK (ed.), Die mittelalterlichen Traktate De mod0 opponendiet respondendi, Einleitung und Ausgabe der einschlagigen Texte. (Beitrage zur Geschichte der Philosophie und Theologie des Mittelalters, Neue Folge Band 17.) Miinster: Aschendorff, 1980. 379 pp. No price stated. THE SEVENTEENTH CENTURY MARTA FATTORI, Lessico del Novum Organum di Francesco Bacone. Rome: Edizioni dell'Ateneo 1980. Two volumes, il + 543, 520 pp. Lire 65.000. VIVIAN SALMON, The study of language in 17th century England. (Amsterdam Studies in the Theory (...)
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  3.  7
    Martin Heidegger on Being Human: An Introduction to Sein Und Zeit. [REVIEW]D. C. J. - 1969 - Review of Metaphysics 23 (1):139-140.
    This book is a valuable contribution to the growing list of works appearing in English on Heidegger. Its special merit lies in the fact that its author brings to his discussion of Heidegger a familiarity with Anglo-American analytic philosophy. The author explains Sein und Zeit in a language with which any student of analysis would be comfortable. By way of example, Schmitt refers to Heidegger's idea of fundamental ontology by noting "a reform of talk about being involves a reform (...)
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  4.  6
    Biological Sciences and Medicine A History of Bubonic Plague in the British Isles. By J. F. D. Shrewsbury. London: Cambridge University Press. 1970. Pp. Xi + 661, 4 Plates. £8. [REVIEW]C. B. Schmitt - 1971 - British Journal for the History of Science 5 (3):302-303.
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  5.  3
    Neurophysiological Correlates of Gait in the Human Basal Ganglia and the PPN Region in Parkinson’s Disease.Rene Molina, Chris J. Hass, Kristen Sowalsky, Abigail C. Schmitt, Enrico Opri, Jaime A. Roper, Daniel Martinez-Ramirez, Christopher W. Hess, Kelly D. Foote, Michael S. Okun & Aysegul Gunduz - 2020 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 14.
  6. Leo Strauss, the Straussians, and the Study of the American Regime.Kenneth L. Deutsch, John A. Murley, George Anastaplo, Hadley Arkes, Larry Arnhart, Laurence Berns With Eva Brann, Mark Blitz, Aryeh Botwinick, Christopher A. Colmo, Joseph Cropsey, Kenneth Deutsch, Murray Dry, Robert Eden, Miriam Galston, William A. Galston, Gary D. Glenn, Harry Jaffa, Charles Kesler, Carnes Lord, John A. Marini, Eugene Miller, Will Morrisey, John Murley, Walter Nicgorski, Susan Orr, Ralph Rossum, Gary J. Schmitt, Abram Shulsky, Gregory Bruce Smith, Ronald Terchek & Michael Zuckert - 1999 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    Responding to volatile criticisms frequently leveled at Leo Strauss and those he influenced, the prominent contributors to this volume demonstrate the profound influence that Strauss and his students have exerted on American liberal democracy and contemporary political thought. By stressing the enduring vitality of classic books and by articulating the theoretical and practical flaws of relativism and historicism, the contributors argue that Strauss and the Straussians have identified fundamental crises of modernity and liberal democracy.
     
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  7.  28
    Si la contingence est absolue, le désespoir aussi. Critique de la divinologie de Q. Meillassoux.Yann Schmitt - 2018 - Cahiers Critiques de Philosophie 1 (19).
    Dans cette contribution, j'examinerai l'argument qui renvoie dos à dos le théisme et l'athéisme et qui structure la présentation de l'alternative que constitue le Dieu à venir. N'étant ni adhérant, ni sympathisant du réalisme spéculatif, je ne proposerai pourtant pas de critique externe de la philosophie de la religion proposée par Meillassoux. De manière heuristique, je vais tenir pour acquis Après la finitude et je montrerai ce qui me semble être les faiblesses de l'argument, critiques rendant finalement peu crédible l'affirmation (...)
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  8.  12
    Etruscan Vase–Painting. By J. D. Beazley. Pp. Xvi + 351; Pl. 42. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1947. 84s.M. Robertson & J. D. Beazley - 1949 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 69:93-94.
  9.  7
    The Development of Attic Black-Figure. By J. D. Beazley. . Pp. Xiv + 127, 49 Pll. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press . 1951. $6.50. [REVIEW]Martin Robertson & J. D. Beazley - 1954 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 74:230-230.
  10.  7
    Attic White Lekythoi. By J. D. Beazley. Pp. 26; 8 Pl. Oxford University Press, 1938. 4s.A. D. Trendall & J. D. Beazley - 1939 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 59 (1):153-153.
  11.  41
    The Oxford Classical Dictionary. Ed. M. Cary, J. D. Denniston, J. Wight Duff, A. D. Nock, W. D. Ross and H. H. Scullard. Pp. Xix + 971. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1949. 50s. [REVIEW]J. O. Thomson, M. L. Clarke, M. Cary, J. D. Denniston, J. Wight Duff, A. D. Nock, W. D. Ross & H. H. Scullard - 1949 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 69 (1):95-96.
  12. J.D. Bernal's the Social Function of Science, 1939-1989.Helmut Steiner & J. D. Bernal (eds.) - 1989 - Akademie Verlag.
     
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  13.  12
    Some Attic Vases in the Cyprus Museum . By J. D. Beazley. Pp. 51; Pl. 8. London: Geoffrey Cumberlege, 1948. 7s. 6d.M. Robertson & J. D. Beazley - 1949 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 69:93-93.
  14.  39
    Cultural Realism: The Ancient Philosophical Background: J. D. G. Evans.J. D. G. Evans - 1996 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 40:47-60.
    I understand Pluralism to be the doctrine that, either generally or with reference to some particular area of judgement, there is more than one basic principle. It endorses the possibility that some particular case may arise which will be adjudicated in one way if one principle is applied while another principle points otherwise and to an answer which, at least in practice, is incompatible. Thus in morality, according to pluralism there may be more than one correct answer to the question (...)
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  15.  13
    Euripides' Electra. By J. D. Denniston. Pp. Xliv + 225. Oxford University Press, 1939. 7s. 6d.E. D. Phillips & J. D. Denniston - 1939 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 59 (2):307-308.
  16.  10
    Greek Prose Style. By J. D. Denniston. Pp. X + 139. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1952. 15s.A. N. Bryan-Brown & J. D. Denniston - 1955 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 75:161-162.
  17.  30
    Greek Vases: Lectures by J. D. Beazley. [REVIEW]Lucilla Burn, J. D. Beazley & D. C. Kurtz - 1991 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 111:248-249.
  18. Scientific Explanation and the Sense of Understanding.J. D. Trout - 2002 - Philosophy of Science 69 (2):212-233.
    Scientists and laypeople alike use the sense of understanding that an explanation conveys as a cue to good or correct explanation. Although the occurrence of this sense or feeling of understanding is neither necessary nor sufficient for good explanation, it does drive judgments of the plausibility and, ultimately, the acceptability, of an explanation. This paper presents evidence that the sense of understanding is in part the routine consequence of two well-documented biases in cognitive psychology: overconfidence and hindsight. In light of (...)
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  19. The Psychology of Scientific Explanation.J. D. Trout - 2007 - Philosophy Compass 2 (3):564–591.
    Philosophers agree that scientific explanations aim to produce understanding, and that good ones succeed in this aim. But few seriously consider what understanding is, or what the cues are when we have it. If it is a psychological state or process, describing its specific nature is the job of psychological theorizing. This article examines the role of understanding in scientific explanation. It warns that the seductive, phenomenological sense of understanding is often, but mistakenly, viewed as a cue of genuine understanding. (...)
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  20.  43
    From Ruling Class to Field of Power: An Interview with Pierre Bourdieu on La Noblesse d'Etat.L. J. D. Wacquant - 1993 - Theory, Culture and Society 10 (3):19-44.
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  21.  28
    Bilder Griechischer Vasen, Herausgegeben von J. D. Beazley and Paul Jacobsthal. Heft 1. Vasen Um Meidias. By Walter Hahland. Pp. 22; 24 Plates. Berlin: H. Keller, 1929. 25 M. - Musée National du Louvre, Catalogue des Vases Antiques de Terre Cuite. Troisième Partie, l'École Attique: 2°, Les Vases À Figures Rouges. Seconde Édition Revue Et Augmentée. By E. Pottier. Paris: Musées Nationaux, 1929. [REVIEW]D. B. J. - 1930 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 50 (1):160-161.
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  22. Paying the Price for a Theory of Explanation: De Regt’s Discussion of Trout.J. D. Trout - 2005 - Philosophy of Science 72 (1):198-208.
  23. The Neurobehavioral Nature of Fishes and the Question of Awareness and Pain.J. D. Rose - 2002 - Reviews in Fisheries Science 10:1-38.
  24.  8
    Une Formule Platonicienne de Récurrence. Édouard Des Places, S.J. Pp. 57. Paris : Société d'Édition ‘Les Belles Lettres,’1929. Paper, 10 Fr. [REVIEW]J. D. Denniston - 1929 - The Classical Review 43 (6):235-235.
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  25.  69
    Paternalism and Cognitive Bias.J. D. Trout - 2004 - Law and Philosophy 24 (4):393-434.
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  26.  12
    Measuring the Intentional World: Realism, Naturalism, and Quantitative Methods in the Behavioral Sciences.J. D. Trout - 1998 - Oup Usa.
    Scientific realism has been advanced as an interpretation of the natural sciences but never as an interpretation of the behavioural sciences. This book introduces a novel version of scientific realism -- Measured Realism -- that characterizes the kind of theoretical progress in the social and psychological sciences that is uneven but indisputable. Measuring the Intentional World proposes a theory of measurement -- Population-Guided Estimation -- that connects natural, psychological, and social scientific inquiry.
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  27.  5
    The Myth of Mental Illness: Foundations of a Theory of Personal Conduct.J. D. Uytman - 1965 - Philosophical Quarterly 15 (58):89-90.
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  28.  30
    Le statut contemporain du théologico-politique : Une permanence petersonienne de J.B. Metz à J. Milbank ?Jean-Louis Souletie - 2007 - Laval Théologique et Philosophique 63 (2):205-223.
    Le débat entre E. Peterson et C. Schmitt des années 1930 sur le théologico-politique a laissé une question irrésolue qui resurgit dans les sociétés pluralistes postmodernes. La nouvelle théologie politique du théologien de Münster J.B. Metz la réactive en proposant au fil de son oeuvre une éthique politique comme éthique du changement social. En sous-estimant le caractère polémique du politique et la fragilité des sujets dont l’identité est devenue précaire, Metz parvient sûrement à une théologie critique mais demeure incertain (...)
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  29.  12
    Space and Sight.J. D. Uytman, M. von Senden & Peter Heath - 1962 - Philosophical Quarterly 12 (49):379.
  30.  53
    Seduction Without Cause: Uncovering Explanatory Neurophilia.J. D. Trout - 2008 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 12 (8):281-282.
  31.  31
    A Reverse Index of Greek Nouns and Adjectives. By C. D. Buck and W. Petersen. Pp. Xvii + 765. Chicago: University Press , 1945. £3. [REVIEW]L. J. D. Richardson, C. D. Buck & W. Petersen - 1948 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 68:163-163.
  32. Democracy and Scientific Expertise: Illusions of Political and Epistemic Inclusion.J. D. Trout - 2013 - Synthese 190 (7):1267-1291.
    Realizing the ideal of democracy requires political inclusion for citizens. A legitimate democracy must give citizens the opportunity to express their attitudes about the relative attractions of different policies, and access to political mechanisms through which they can be counted and heard. Actual governance often aims not at accurate belief, but at nonepistemic factors like achieving and maintaining institutional stability, creating the feeling of government legitimacy among citizens, or managing access to influence on policy decision-making. I examine the traditional relationship (...)
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  33.  6
    The Biological Basis of Speech: What to Infer From Talking to the Animals.J. D. Trout - 2001 - Psychological Review 108 (3):523-549.
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  34. Robustness and Integrative Survival in Significance Testing: The World's Contribution to Rationality.J. D. Trout - 1993 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 44 (1):1-15.
    Significance testing is the primary method for establishing causal relationships in psychology. Meehl [1978, 1990a, 1990b] and Faust [1984] argue that significance tests and their interpretation are subject to actuarial and psychological biases, making continued adherence to these practices irrational, and even partially responsible for the slow progress of the ‘soft’ areas of psychology. I contend that familiar standards of testing and literature review, along with recently developed meta-analytic techniques, are able to correct the proposed actuarial and psychological biases. In (...)
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  35.  23
    Multiscale Integration: Beyond Internalism and Externalism.Maxwell J. D. Ramstead, Michael D. Kirchhoff, Axel Constant & Karl J. Friston - forthcoming - Synthese:1-30.
    We present a multiscale integrationist interpretation of the boundaries of cognitive systems, using the Markov blanket formalism of the variational free energy principle. This interpretation is intended as a corrective for the philosophical debate over internalist and externalist interpretations of cognitive boundaries; we stake out a compromise position. We first survey key principles of new radical views of cognition. We then describe an internalist interpretation premised on the Markov blanket formalism. Having reviewed these accounts, we develop our positive multiscale account. (...)
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  36.  33
    A Realistic Look Backward.J. D. Trout - 1994 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 25 (1):37-64.
  37.  5
    Measuring the Intentional World.J. D. Trout - 2001 - Philosophy of Science 68 (4):576-578.
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  38.  34
    Theory-Conjunction and Mercenary Reliance.J. D. Trout - 1992 - Philosophy of Science 59 (2):231-245.
    Scientific realists contend that theory-conjunction presents a problem for empiricist conceptions of scientific knowledge and practice. Van Fraassen (1980) has offered a competing account of theory-conjunction which I argue fails to capture the mercenary character of epistemic dependence in science. Representative cases of theory-conjunction developed in the present paper show that mercenary reliance implies a "principle of epistemic symmetry" which only a realist can consistently accommodate. Finally, because the practice in question involves the conjunction of theories, a version of realism (...)
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  39.  10
    Truth and Objectivity.J. D. Trout - 1993 - Philosophical Review 102 (1):126.
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  40.  40
    Thinking Through Other Minds: A Variational Approach to Cognition and Culture.Samuel P. L. Veissière, Axel Constant, Maxwell J. D. Ramstead, Karl J. Friston & Laurence J. Kirmayer - 2020 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 43:1-97.
    The processes underwriting the acquisition of culture remain unclear. How are shared habits, norms, and expectations learned and maintained with precision and reliability across large-scale sociocultural ensembles? Is there a unifying account of the mechanisms involved in the acquisition of culture? Notions such as “shared expectations,” the “selective patterning of attention and behaviour,” “cultural evolution,” “cultural inheritance,” and “implicit learning” are the main candidates to underpin a unifying account of cognition and the acquisition of culture; however, their interactions require greater (...)
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  41.  2
    Cultural Affordances: Scaffolding Local Worlds Through Shared Intentionality and Regimes of Attention.Maxwell J. D. Ramstead, Samuel P. L. Veissière & Laurence J. Kirmayer - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
  42. Measured Realism and Statistical Inference: An Explanation for the Fast Progress of "Hard" Psychology.J. D. Trout - 1999 - Philosophy of Science 66 (3):272.
    The use of null hypothesis significance testing (NHST) in psychology has been under sustained attack, despite its reliable use in the notably successful, so-called "hard" areas of psychology, such as perception and cognition. I argue that, in contrast to merely methodological analyses of hypothesis testing (in terms of "test severity," or other confirmation-theoretic notions), only a patently metaphysical position can adequately capture the uneven but undeniable successes of theories in "hard psychology." I contend that Measured Realism satisfies this description, and (...)
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  43.  60
    A Human Right Not to Be Punished? Punishment as Derogation of Rights.J. D. Shepherd - 2012 - Criminal Law and Philosophy 6 (1):31-45.
    In this essay, I apply international human rights theory to the domestic discussion of criminalization. The essay takes as its starting point the “right not to be punished” that Douglas Husak posited in his recent book Overcriminalization . By reviewing international human rights norms, I take up Husak’s challenge to imbue this right with further normative content. This process reveals additional relationships between the criminal law and human rights theory, and I discuss one analogy: the derogation by states of an (...)
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  44.  24
    Commodifying Bodies.Nancy Scheper-Hughes & Loïc J. D. Wacquant (eds.) - 2002 - Sage Publications.
    Increasingly the body is a possession that does not belong to us. It is bought and sold, bartered and stolen, marketed wholesale or in parts. The professions - especially reproductive medicine, transplant surgery, and bioethics but also journalism and other cultural specialists - have been pliant partners in this accelerating commodification of live and dead human organisms. Under the guise of healing or research, they have contributed to a new 'ethic of parts' for which the divisible body is severed from (...)
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  45.  19
    Islam and the West: The Making of an Image.J. D. T. - 1961 - Review of Metaphysics 15 (2):341-341.
    A detailed scholarly examination of the distorted image of Islam that emerged in the West during the years 1100-1350. Although most of the book is concerned with documenting this image of Islam, Daniel also explores the motives and effects of this distortion. A series of comprehensive bibliographies is included. An authoritative, if somewhat tedious, study.--J. D. T., Jr.
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  46. J. D. Barrow and F. J. Tipler, "The Anthropic Cosmological Principle".J. J. C. Smart - 1987 - Philosophical Quarterly 37 (149):463.
  47.  52
    Metaphysics, Method, and the Mouth: Philosophical Lessons of Speech Perception.J. D. Trout - 2001 - Philosophical Psychology 14 (3):261-291.
    This paper advances a novel argument that speech perception is a complex system best understood nonindividualistically and therefore that individualism fails as a general philosophical program for understanding cognition. The argument proceeds in four steps. First, I describe a "replaceability strategy", commonly deployed by individualists, in which one imagines replacing an object with an appropriate surrogate. This strategy conveys the appearance that relata can be substituted without changing the laws that hold within the domain. Second, I advance a "counterfactual test" (...)
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  48.  28
    Beauty and Revolution in Science.J. D. Trout - 1998 - Philosophical Review 107 (2):320.
    The role of aesthetic factors in science is often mentioned, but seldom discussed in a sustained and systematic way. This thoughtful book is James McAllister’s attempt to do so. McAllister’s treatment engages a broad range of issues, relating aesthetic criteria to such diverse issues as the history of astronomy and twentieth-century physics, theoretical ruptures, and architecture. Its core goals are two. One goal is to show that there is a role for aesthetic considerations in theory choice that is compatible with (...)
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  49.  26
    The Function of the Cerebellum in Cognition, Affect and Consciousness: Empirical Support for the Embodied Mind.J. D. Schmahmann, C. M. Anderson, N. Newton & R. Ellis - 2002 - Consciousness and Emotion 2 (2):273-309.
    Editors’ note: These four interrelated discussions of the role of the cerebellum in coordinating emotional and higher cognitive functions developed out of a workshop presented by the four authors for the 2000 Conference of the Cognitive Science Society at the University of Pennsylvania. The four interrelated discussions explore the implications of the recent explosion of cerebellum research suggesting an expanded cerebellar role in higher cognitive functions as well as in the coordination of emotional functions with learning, logical thinking, perceptual consciousness, (...)
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  50.  10
    Springbok Treks.J. D. Skinner - 1993 - Transactions of the Royal Society of South Africa 48 (2):291-305.
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