Results for 'Peter Degen'

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  1.  7
    Science and Cultural Crisis: An Intellectual Biography of Percy Williams Bridgman Maila L. Walter.Peter A. Degen - 1992 - Isis 83 (3):515-516.
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  2.  3
    The God Particle: If the Universe Is the Answer, What Is the Question?. Leon Lederman, Dick TeresiDreams of a Final Theory. Steven Weinberg.Peter A. Degen - 1994 - Isis 85 (4):736-738.
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  3.  6
    The Theology of Electricity: On the Encounter and Explanation of Theology and Science in the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries. Ernst Benz, Dennis Stillings, Wolfgang Taraba.Peter A. Degen - 1991 - Isis 82 (4):748-749.
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  4.  21
    Processing Scalar Implicature: A Constraint‐Based Approach.Judith Degen & Michael K. Tanenhaus - 2015 - Cognitive Science 39 (4):667-710.
    Three experiments investigated the processing of the implicature associated with some using a “gumball paradigm.” On each trial, participants saw an image of a gumball machine with an upper chamber with 13 gumballs and an empty lower chamber. Gumballs then dropped to the lower chamber and participants evaluated statements, such as “You got some of the gumballs.” Experiment 1 established that some is less natural for reference to small sets and unpartitioned sets compared to intermediate sets. Partitive some of was (...)
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  5.  5
    When Redundancy is Useful: A Bayesian Approach to “Overinformative” Referring Expressions.Judith Degen, Robert D. Hawkins, Caroline Graf, Elisa Kreiss & Noah D. Goodman - 2020 - Psychological Review 127 (4):591-621.
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  6. GOL: A General Ontological Language.Wolfgang Degen, Barbara Heller, Heinrich Herre & Barry Smith - 2001 - In Chris Welty & Barry Smith (eds.), Formal Ontology in Information Systems (FOIS). New York: ACM Press. pp. 34-46.
    Every domain-specific ontology must use as a framework some upper-level ontology which describes the most general, domain-independent categories of reality. In the present paper we sketch a new type of upper-level ontology, which is intended to be the basis of a knowledge modelling language GOL (for: 'General Ontological Language'). It turns out that the upper- level ontology underlying standard modelling languages such as KIF, F-Logic and CycL is restricted to the ontology of sets. Set theory has considerable mathematical power and (...)
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  7.  24
    Cumulative Higher-Order Logic as a Foundation for Set Theory.Wolfgang Degen & Jan Johannsen - 2000 - Mathematical Logic Quarterly 46 (2):147-170.
    The systems Kα of transfinite cumulative types up to α are extended to systems K∞α that include a natural infinitary inference rule, the so-called limit rule. For countable α a semantic completeness theorem for K∞α is proved by the method of reduction trees, and it is shown that every model of K∞α is equivalent to a cumulative hierarchy of sets. This is used to show that several axiomatic first-order set theories can be interpreted in K∞α, for suitable α.
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  8.  18
    Some Aspects and Examples of Infinity Notions.J. W. Degen - 1994 - Mathematical Logic Quarterly 40 (1):111-124.
    I wish to thank Klaus Kühnle who streamlined in [8] several of my definitions and proofs concerning the subject matter of this paper. Some ideas and results arose from discussions with Klaus Leeb. Jan Johannsen discovered some mistakes in an earlier version.
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  9.  34
    Das onto-logische Sechseck.J. W. Degen - 1988 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 32 (1):113-121.
    Das onto-logische Sechseck ist eine Erweiterung des (aristotelischen) onto-logischen Vierecks um singuläre und universelle Sachverhalte. Beide Vielecke inkorporieren ontische, logische und ontisch-logische Relationen. Dies ist der Grund für die Bindestrichschreibung "ontologisch". Das onto-logische Sechseck liefert die Grundlage für eine neue Definition der Wahrheit eines Satzes.
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  10.  23
    There Can Be a Permutation Which Is Not The Product of Two Reflections.J. W. Degen - 1988 - Zeitschrift fur mathematische Logik und Grundlagen der Mathematik 34 (1):65-66.
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  11.  57
    GOL: Toward an Axiomatized Upper-Level Ontology. IMISE Report.Wolfgang Degen, Barbary Haller, Heinrich Herre & Barry Smith - 2001 - In IMISE Report. Leipzig: IMISE.
    Every domain-specific ontology must use as a framework some upper-level ontology which describes the most general domain-independent categories of reality. In the present paper we sketch a new type of upper-level ontology, and we outline an associated knowledge modelling language called GOL – for: General Ontological Language. It turns out that the upper-level ontology underlying well-known standard modelling languages such as KIF, F-Logic and CycL is restricted to the ontology of sets. In a set theory which allows Urelements, however, there (...)
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  12.  11
    There Can Be a Permutation Which Is Not The Product of Two Reflections.J. W. Degen - 1988 - Mathematical Logic Quarterly 34 (1):65-66.
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  13.  21
    How Projective is Projective Content? Gradience in Projectivity and At-Issueness.Judith Tonhauser, David I. Beaver & Judith Degen - 2018 - Journal of Semantics 35 (3):495-542.
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  14.  19
    Towards Intuitionistic Dynamic Logic.J. W. Degen & J. M. Werner - 2006 - Logic and Logical Philosophy 15 (4):305-324.
    We propose the beginnings of an intuitionistic propopsitional dynamic logic, and describe several serious open problems.
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  15.  29
    II—Peter Sullivan.Peter Sullivan - 2003 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 77 (1):195-223.
  16. Mereology in Leibniz's Logic and Philosophy.Hans Burkhardt & Wolfgang Degen - 1990 - Topoi 9 (1):3-13.
  17.  25
    I–Peter Simons.Peter Simons - 2000 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 74 (1):59-75.
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  18.  29
    II—Peter Milne: What is the Normative Role of Logic?Peter Milne - 2009 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 83 (1):269-298.
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  19.  17
    I—Peter Goldie: Virtues of Art and Human Well-Being.Peter Goldie - 2008 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 82 (1):179-195.
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  20. Do Animals Feel Pain?: Peter Harrison.Peter Harrison - 1991 - Philosophy 66 (255):25-40.
    In an oft-quoted passage from The Principles of Morals and Legislation, Jeremy Bentham addresses the issue of our treatment of animals with the following words: ‘the question is not, Can they reason? nor, can they talk? but, Can they suffer?’ The point is well taken, for surely if animals suffer, they are legitimate objects of our moral concern. It is curious therefore, given the current interest in the moral status of animals, that Bentham's question has been assumed to be merely (...)
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  21.  8
    Peter McLaren’s Response to Michael Peters.Peter McLaren - 2019 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 52 (8):838-843.
    Volume 52, Issue 8, July 2020, Page 838-843.
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  22.  12
    I—Peter Millican: Humes Old and New Four Fashionable Falsehoods, and One Unfashionable Truth.Peter Millican & Helen Beebee - 2007 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 81 (1):163-199.
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  23.  33
    Books Received. [REVIEW]Jan Woleński, Paweł Turnau, J. W. Degen & Arito Shtonen - 1994 - Studia Logica 53 (4):579-600.
  24.  72
    Value and Understanding: Essays for Peter Winch.Peter Winch & Raimond Gaita (eds.) - 1990 - Routledge.
    Written by eminent philosophers from Britain, Europe, America, and Australia, the essays of this collection are a tribute to Peter Winch, whose work is marked by his deep appreciation of the most fundamental aspect of Wittgenstein's legacy: that we cannot detach our concepts from their roots in human life. The voices in this volume unite in different tones of sympathy and criticism by discussing the theme of human conditioning: the human conditioning of what we can find intelligible, possible and (...)
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  25.  52
    Peter Abelard.Peter King - 2008 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    Peter Abelard (1079 – 21 April 1142) [‘Abailard’ or ‘Abaelard’ or ‘Habalaarz’ and so on] was the pre-eminent philosopher and theologian of the twelfth century. The teacher of his generation, he was also famous as a poet and a musician. Prior to the recovery of Aristotle, he brought the native Latin tradition in philosophy to its highest pitch. His genius was evident in all he did. He is, arguably, the greatest logician of the Middle Ages and is equally famous (...)
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  26. Peter Abelard's Ethics.Peter Abelard - 1971 - Oxford, Clarendon Press.
    A penetrating and historically important critique of medieval moral thought.
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  27. Interview - Peter Singer.Peter Singer - 2008 - The Philosophers' Magazine 40 (40):59-60.
    Peter Singer is probably the best-known and most controversial ethicist in the world today. He rigorously applies utilitarian moral theory to issues such as world poverty, the environment, abortion, euthanasia and, most famously, animal welfare. He has also written a book about his grandfather, David Oppenheim, who died in Theresienstadt concentration camp. He is Ira W. DeCamp Professor of Bioethics at Princeton University.
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  28.  68
    Complete Infinitary Type Logics.J. W. Degen - 1999 - Studia Logica 63 (1):85-119.
    For each regular cardinal κ, we set up three systems of infinitary type logic, in which the length of the types and the length of the typed syntactical constructs are $\Sigma _{}$, the global system $\text{g}\Sigma _{}$ and the τ-system $\tau \Sigma _{}$. A full cut elimination theorem is proved for the local systems, and about the τ-systems we prove that they admit cut-free proofs for sequents in the τ-free language common to the local and global systems. These two results (...)
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  29.  36
    Concepts of Fascination, From Democritus to Kant.Andreas Degen - 2012 - Journal of the History of Ideas 73 (3):371-393.
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  30.  10
    Das onto-logische Sechseck.J. W. Degen - 1988 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 32 (1):113-121.
    Das onto-logische Sechseck ist eine Erweiterung des onto-logischen Vierecks um singuläre und universelle Sachverhalte. Beide Vielecke inkorporieren ontische, logische und ontisch-logische Relationen. Dies ist der Grund für die Bindestrichschreibung "ontologisch". Das onto-logische Sechseck liefert die Grundlage für eine neue Definition der Wahrheit eines Satzes.
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  31.  7
    Factors of Functions, AC and Recursive Analogues.Wolfgang Degen - 2002 - Mathematical Logic Quarterly 48 (1):73-86.
    We investigate certain statements about factors of unary functions which have connections with weak forms of the axiom of choice. We discuss more extensively the fine structure of Howard and Rubin's Form 314 from [4]. Some of our set-theoretic results have also interesting recursive versions.
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  32. Greenfingers, Greenspaces: Passionate Involvements with Urban Natures.Monica Degen, Sarah Whatmore, Steve Hinchliffe & M. B. Kearnes - forthcoming - Body and Society.
     
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  33. Golden Rules of Adolescent Purity.J. Degen - 1916
     
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  34.  23
    History of the Historical-Critical Research on the Old Testament.Rainer Degen - 1971 - Philosophy and History 4 (2):218-220.
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  35.  21
    Logical Problems Suggested by Logicism.J. W. Degen - 2006 - Vienna Circle Institute Yearbook 12:123-138.
  36.  11
    Pigeonhole and Choice Principles.Wolfgang Degen - 2000 - Mathematical Logic Quarterly 46 (3):313-334.
    We shall investigate certain set-theoretic pigeonhole principles which arise as generalizations of the usual pigeonhole principle; and we shall show that many of them are equivalent to full AC. We discuss also several restricted cases and variations of those principles and relate them to restricted choice principles. In this sense the pigeonhole principle is a rich source of weak choice principles. It is shown that certain sequences of restricted pigeonhole principles form implicational hierarchies with respect to ZF. We state also (...)
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  37. Proof Theory For Finitely Valid Sentences.J. Degen - 2001 - Reports on Mathematical Logic:47-59.
    We investigate infinitary sequent calculi which generate the finitely valid sentences of first-order logic, of simple type theory and of transitive closure logic, respectively.
     
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  38.  14
    Rigit Unary Functions and the Axiom of Choice.Wolfgang Degen - 2001 - Mathematical Logic Quarterly 47 (2):197-204.
    We shall investigate certain statements concerning the rigidity of unary functions which have connections with forms of the axiom of choice.
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  39.  27
    Socrates Did It Before Gödel.Josef Wolfgang Degen - 2011 - Logic and Logical Philosophy 20 (3):205-214.
    We translate Socrates’ famous saying I know that I know nothing into the arithmetical sentence I prove that I prove nothing. Then it is easy to show that this translated saying is formally undecidable in formal arithmetic, using Gödel’s Second Incompleteness Theorem. We investigate some variations of this Socrates-Gödel sentence. In an appendix we sketch a ramified epistemic logic with propositional quantifiers in order to analyze the Socrates-Gödel sentence in a more logical way, separated from the arithmetical context.
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  40.  7
    Sinn und Ökonomie der medizinischen Arbeit: Beobachtungen zur Diagnose des Krankenhauses und seiner Zukunft.Johannes Degen - 1986 - Zeitschrift Für Evangelische Ethik 30 (1):296-306.
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  41.  17
    Textbook on the History of Israel.Rainer Degen - 1969 - Philosophy and History 2 (2):204-205.
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  42.  20
    Variations of Frege's Grundgesetze.J. Wolfgang Degen - 2007 - Travaux de Logique 18:15-31.
  43.  51
    Orderly Decision Theory: Peter J. Hammond.Peter J. Hammond - 1988 - Economics and Philosophy 4 (2):292-297.
  44.  59
    Peter Damian: Could God Change the Past?Peter Remnant - 1978 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 8 (2):259 - 268.
    Histories of philosophy frequently depict the later eleventh century as the scene of a series of bouts between dialecticians and anti-dialecticians — Berengar vs. Lanfranc, Roscelin vs. Anselm — preliminaries to the twelfth century welterweight contest between Abelard and St. Bernard and — dare one say? — the thirteenth century heavy-weight championship between St. Thomas and St. Bonaventure.The bouts took place — no question about that — but whether the contestants can properly be characterized as dialecticians and anti-dialecticians is less (...)
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  45.  24
    II—Peter Hacker:Substance: Things and Stuffs.Peter Hacker - 2004 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 78 (1):41-63.
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  46.  23
    II–Peter Hylton.Peter Hylton - 2000 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 74 (1):281-299.
  47.  40
    Peter Abelard: Collationes.Peter Abelard (ed.) - 2001 - Clarendon Press.
    Peter Abelard was one of the most influential writers and thinkers of the twelfth century, famed for his skill in logic as well as his romance with Heloise. His Collationes - or Dialogue between a Christian, a Philosopher, and a Jew - is remarkable for the boldness of its conception and thought.
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  48. Individuals: An Essay in Descriptive Metaphysics.Peter Strawson - 1959 - Routledge.
    The classic, influential essay in 'descriptive metaphysics' by the distinguished English philosopher.
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  49.  50
    Locke’s Experimental Philosophy: Peter R. Anstey: John Locke and Natural Philosophy. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2011, 256pp, $65 HB.Matthew Stuart, Keith Campbell, Michael Jacovides & Peter Anstey - 2013 - Metascience 22 (1):1-22.
    Serious philosophical reflection on the nature of experiment began in earnest in the seventeenth century. This paper expounds the most influential philosophy of experiment in seventeenth-century England, the Bacon-Boyle-Hooke view of experiment. It is argued that this can only be understood in the context of the new experimental philosophy practised according to the Baconian theory of natural history. The distinctive typology of experiments of this view is discussed, as well as its account of the relation between experiment and theory. This (...)
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  50. Peter A. Stanwick Sarah D. Stanwick.Peter A. Stanwick - 1998 - Journal of Business Ethics 17:195-204.
     
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