Results for 'Denis Perrin'

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  1.  9
    A Default-Free Solution to the Imperfective Paradox.Vidal Mathieu & Perrin Denis - 2019 - Synthese 196 (1):273-297.
    This article advances the first semantics that is neither for nor against a default implicational link between the progressive and perfective forms, when it comes to solving the imperfective paradox. Depending on the doxastic context of its use, we contend that the progressive form sometimes allows and sometimes does not allow the inference of the corresponding simple form. In other words, the preparatory phase of an event might or might not be believed to lead to its culmination. Indeed, the context (...)
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  2.  77
    Continuities and Discontinuities Between Imagination and Memory: The View From Philosophy.Kourken Michaelian, Denis Perrin & André Sant'Anna - forthcoming - In Anna Abraham (ed.), The Cambridge Handbook of Imagination. Cambridge University Press.
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  3. Memory as Mental Time Travel.Denis Perrin & Kourken Michaelian - 2017 - In Sven Bernecker & Kourken Michaelian (eds.), Routledge Handbook of Philosophy of Memory. Routledge. pp. 228-239.
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  4. The Philosophy of Memory Today and Tomorrow: Editors' Introduction.Kourken Michaelian, Dorothea Debus & Denis Perrin - 2018 - In Kourken Michaelian, Dorothea Debus & Denis Perrin (eds.), New Directions in the Philosophy of Memory. Routledge. pp. 1-9.
    This introductory chapter provides an overview of the chapters making up the book, which are grouped into six sections: challenges and alternatives to the causal theory of memory; activity and passivity in remembering; the affective dimension of memory; memory in groups; memory failures: concepts and ethical implications; and the content and phenomenology of episodic and semantic memory.
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  5.  16
    Le rôle sémantique de l'attente : Une nouvelle étape du débat Russell-Wittgenstein sur la nature des propositions.Denis Perrin - 2012 - Philosophiques 39 (1):213-237.
    Cet article opère une comparaison des théories de la proposition — entendue dans sa double dimension sémantique et gnoséologique — du Wittgenstein des Philosophische Bemerkungen et du Russell de The Analysis of Mind . Après avoir rappelé le statut sémantique nouveau que ces théories accordent au temps en intégrant le fait qu’un délai sépare, pour un grand nombre de nos énoncés, leur occurrence et leur vérification , il établit que la notion d’attente est chargée, chez Wittgenstein comme chez Russell , (...)
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  6.  20
    Une Défense de L’Approche Simulationniste du Souvenir Épisodique.Denis Perrin - 2011 - Dialogue 50 (1):39-76.
    ABSTRACT: In this paper, I carry out an application of the debate between simulationism and theory theory to the issue of episodic memory. I first criticize the approach favored by the theory theory. Then I advance a simulationist conception of the relationship between the phenomenology of episodic memory and its specific kind of self-consciousness. On my view, subjectivity belongs to the very content of episodic memory, not as an element of its content, but as the perspective it gives to the (...)
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  7.  12
    Husserl E Wittgenstein Leitores de James: A Questão Do Tempo.Denis Perrin - 2005 - Doispontos 1 (1).
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  8.  16
    Husserl e Wittgenstein leitores de James: a questão do tempo.Denis Perrin - 2004 - Dois Pontos 1 (1):59-97.
    resumo Este artigo parte da constatação de que a análise jamesiana da consciência do tempo constituiu uma fonte comum fundamental das meditações husserlianas e wittgensteinianas relativas ao tempo, o specious present engendrando tanto o ursprüngliche Zeitfeld de Husserl quanto o fliehende Gegenwart do Wittgenstein de 1929. Em seguida, examino a possibilidade de apreender a articulação entre as concepções do tempo de Husserl e de Wittgenstein no nível de suas respectivas apropriações da análise de James. Respondendo de modo afirmativo, sustento de (...)
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  9.  6
    Shillourokambos.Jean Guilaine, François Briois, Isabelle Carrère, Jacques Coularou, E. Crubezy, Claire Manen, Thomas Perrin & Jean-Denis Vigne - 1999 - Bulletin de Correspondance Hellénique 123 (2):541-544.
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  10.  8
    L'habitat néolithique pré-céramique de Shillourokambos.Jean Guilaine, François Briois, Jean-Denis Vigne, Isabelle Carrère, Claire-Anne De Chazelles, Juliette Collonge, Handi Gazzal, Patrice Gérard, Laurent Haye, Claire Manen, Thomas Perrin & George Willcox - 2002 - Bulletin de Correspondance Hellénique 126 (2):590-597.
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  11.  37
    New Directions in the Philosophy of Memory.Kourken Michaelian, Dorothea Debus & Denis Perrin (eds.) - 2018 - Routledge.
    Although philosophers have explored memory since antiquity, recent years have seen the birth of philosophy of memory as a distinct field. This book—the first of its kind—charts emerging directions of research in the field. The book's nineteen newly-commissioned chapters develop novel theories of remembering and forgetting, analyze the phenomenology and content of memory, debate issues in the ethics and epistemology of remembering, and explore the relationship between memory and affectivity. Written by leading researchers in the philosophy of memory, the chapters (...)
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  12.  19
    Tempo e intencionalidade temporal no Wittgenstein do período intermediário.Denis Perrin - 2009 - Dois Pontos 6 (1).
    Este artigo enfoca a questão da temporalidade no período intermediário de Wittgenstein. Primeiro, ele estabelece a evolução do tratamento que o filósofo dispensa à idéia “fenomenológica”, de origem empirista, de um presente da consciência incessantemente fluente: de início simplesmente adotada (em 1929) como uma descrição da experiência imediata, essa idéia é, em seguida, criticada em 1930-32 como a expressão de uma das tentações mais características do espírito filosófico. Depois, o artigo examina, num caso particular (o da lembrança), o modo pelo (...)
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  13.  9
    Le Flux Et L’Instant: Wittgenstein aux Prises Avec le Mythe du Présent.Denis Perrin - 2007 - Vrin.
    La pensée de Ludwig Wittgenstein est animée, tout au long des années 1930 et 1940, par une méditation de la question du temps. C’est un de ses aspects les plus mal connus. Ce livre vise à restituer cette méditation dans sa force et sa singularité, afin d’établir la contribution qu’elle apporte à la tradition qui s’est consacrée à cette question majeure de la philosophie.Il montre d’abord comment la tentation d’accorder un privilège au présent constitue un élément essentiel du projet phénoménologique (...)
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  14. Qu’Est-Ce Que Se Souvenir?Denis Perrin - 2012 - Vrin.
    L’ouvrage propose une analyse du phénomène du souvenir qui recourt non seulement aux auteurs classiques, mais également aux conceptions philosophiques les plus contemporaines et à la psychologie cognitive du souvenir. Dans cette perspective, il examine quatre problèmes soulevés par l’intentionnalité du souvenir. 1) Celui de son type, i.e. aussi bien de sa diversité interne entre souvenir épisodique et souvenir sémantique, que de sa spécificité par rapport à la perception et à l’imagination. 2) Le problème de l’objet du souvenir, qui questionne (...)
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  15. Jean-François Perrin Présente les Confessions de Jean-Jacques Rousseau.Jean-françois Perrin - 1997
     
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  16. Avec Sartre au Stalag 12 D.Marius Perrin - 1980
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  17.  3
    Traverser la ville ininterrompue : sentir et se figurer à l'aveugle. À propos de Walk, Hands, Eyes de Myriam Lefkowitz.Julie Perrin - forthcoming - Rhuthmos.
    Nous remercions Julie Perrin de nous avoir autorisé à reproduire cet article. Il a déjà paru dans le n° 3 d'Ambiances. Revue internationale sur l'environnement sensible, l'architecture et l'espace urbain – Animer l'espace public? Entre programmation urbaine et activation citoyenne, en 2017. Résumé : Dans Walk, Hands, Eyes, l'artiste chorégraphique Myriam Lefkowitz propose à un spectateur à la fois une balade urbaine silencieuse, les yeux fermés. Cet article examine la dimension spatiale, - Urbanisme.
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  18. Simone Weil as We Knew Her.Joseph-Marie Perrin & Gustave Thibon - 2003 - Routledge.
    Simone Weil was a defining figure of the twentieth century; a philosopher, Christian, resistance fighter, Labour activist and teacher, described by Albert Camus as 'the only great spirit of our time'. In 1941 Weil was introduced to Father Joseph-Marie Perrin, a Dominican priest whose friendship became a key influence on her life. When Weil asked Perrin for work as a farm hand he sent her to Gustave Thibon, a farmer and Christian philosopher. Weil stayed with the Thibon family, (...)
     
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  19.  8
    Le terme « dharma » et son applicabilité dans le contexte du Dharmadharmatāvibhāga, texte bouddhique de l’Inde du iv siècle.Diane Denis - 2017 - Laval Théologique et Philosophique 73 (1):3.
    Diane Denis | : Cet article a pour objectif d’examiner le terme dharma tel qu’utilisé dans un texte bouddhique de l’Inde du ive siècle, le Dharmadharmatāvibhāga. Les difficultés de traduction qu’ont eues les spécialistes jusqu’ici sont le symptôme d’un problème plus profond touchant à l’interprétation de cette notion ainsi qu’à sa fonction. On est ici devant un problème dans lequel la réflexion philosophique est en elle-même une pratique. | : This article looks at the term dharma as used in (...)
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  20.  40
    Dialectics and the Austrian School? The Search for Common Ground in the Methodology of Heterodox Economics.Andy Denis - 2008 - Journal of Philosophical Economics 1 (2):151-173.
    In a recent paper (Denis, 2004b) I argued that the neoclassical use of the concept of equilibrium was guilty of a hypostatisation: an equilibrium which is only an abstraction and extrapolation, the logical terminus of a component process taken in isolation, is extracted and one-sidedly substituted for the whole. The temporary is made permanent, and process subordinated to stasis, with clearly apologetic results. I concluded by suggesting that this hypostatisation exemplified the contrast between formal and dialectical modes of thought, (...)
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  21.  27
    Hayek's Panglossian Evolutionary Theory: A Response to Whitman's 'Rejoinder'.Andy Denis - manuscript
    The background to this paper is as follows. In 1998 Glen Whitman published a paper in Constitutional Political Economy called ‘Hayek contra Pangloss on Evolutionary Systems’. At the same time and unaware of Whitman’s work, I posted my draft PhD chapter ‘Friedrich Hayek: a Panglossian evolutionary theorist’ (Denis, 2001, contains the final version) on my web page. Alain Albert (personal communication), having read the PhD chapter, drew my attention to Whitman’s article, and the result was a paper ‘Was Hayek (...)
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  22.  2
    Faire L’Amour.Christophe Perrin - forthcoming - Symposion. Theoretical and Applied Inquiries in Philosophy and Social Sciences.
    Christophe Perrin ABSTRACT: What does it mean to ‘make love?’ Or, rather, what are we doing when we ‘make love?’ This expression makes of love a praxis on which the history of philosophy, rather modest, has said little. Philosophy has certainly evoked love, but always as a passion, an emotion, a feeling, and rarely as an...
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  23.  26
    Simone Weil as We Knew Her.Joseph Marie Perrin - 2003 - Routledge.
    In 1941 Simone Weil was introduced to Father Jean-Marie Perrin, a priest of the Dominican order whose friendship became one of the most significant influences on her spiritual development. It was for Father Perrin that she wrote her 'spiritual autobiography', contained in Waiting for God, and to him that she later wrote 'Letter to a Priest'. When Weil requested work as a field hand, Perrin sent her to Gustave Thibon, a farmer and Christian philosopher. From 1941-2, Weil (...)
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  24. Améliorer le Leadership Dans les Services de Santé au Canada: La Preuve En Oeuvre.Terrence Sullivan & Jean-Louis Denis - 2012 - Mcgill-Queen's University Press.
    Building Better Health Care Leadership for Canada explains the development and implementation of the Executive Training in Research Application program. Managed and funded by the Canadian Health Services Research Foundation in partnership with the Canadian Medical Association, the Canadian Nursing Association, and the Canadian College of Health Care executives, EXTRA is a two-year national fellowship program that uses the principles of adult learning theory as well as practical projects to educate senior health care leaders in making more consistent use of (...)
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  25. Une correspondance inédite de Pieter van Ewijk, dominicain missionnaire au Cap.Philippe Denis - 2005 - Revue D’Histoire Ecclésiastique 100 (2):488-518.
    In this article Philippe Denis gives a critical edition of a hereto unpublished correspondence between Pieter van Ewijk, a young Dominican from the recently restored Dutch province, who had been sent as a missionary to the Cape in 1852, and Vincent Jandel, the master of the Dominican Order. The vicar apostolic of the Cape, the Irish Dominican Patrick Griffith, had recruited van Ewijk in 1851 as they were travelling together from Paris to Rome where the young friar was meant (...)
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  26.  78
    Brain Response to One's Own Name in Vegetative State, Minimally Conscious State, and Locked-in Syndrome.Fabien Perrin, Caroline Schnakers, Manuel Schabus, Christian Degueldre, Serge Goldman, Serge Brédart, Marie-Elisabeth E. Faymonville, Maurice Lamy, Gustave Moonen, André Luxen, Pierre Maquet & Steven Laureys - 2006 - Archives of Neurology 63 (4):562-569.
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  27.  23
    Self-Consciousness in Non-Communicative Patients.Steven Laureys, Fabien Perrin & Serge Brédart - 2007 - Consciousness and Cognition 16 (3):722-741.
    The clinical and para-clinical examination of residual self-consciousness in non-communicative severely brain damaged patients remains exceptionally challenging. Passive presentation of the patient’s own name and own face are known to be effective attention-grabbing stimuli when clinically assessing consciousness at the patient’s bedside. Event-related potential and functional neuroimaging studies using such self-referential stimuli are currently being used to disentangle the cognitive hierarchy of self-processing. We here review neuropsychological, neuropathological, electrophysiological and neuroimaging studies using the own name and own face paradigm obtained (...)
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  28. Kant's Conception of Virtue.Lara Denis - 2006 - In Paul Guyer (ed.), Cambridge Companion to Kant and Modern Philosophy. Cambridge University Press.
    In this paper, I explicate Kant’s theory of virtue and situate it within the context of theories of virtue before Kant (such as Aristotle, Hobbes, and Hume) and after Kant (such as Schiller and Schopenhauer). I explore Kant’s notions of virtue as a disposition to do one’s duty out of respect for the moral law, as moral strength in non-holy wills, as the moral disposition in conflict, and as moral self-constraint based on inner freedom. I distinguish between Kant’s notions of (...)
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  29. Human Cognition During Rem Sleep and the Activity Profile Within Frontal and Parietal Cortices. A Reappraisal of Functional Neuroimaging Data.Pierre Maquet, P. Ruby, A. Maudoux, G. Albouy, V. Sterpenich, T. Dan-Vu, M. Desseilles, Melanie Boly, Fabien Perrin, Philippe Peigneux & Steven Laureys - 2006 - In Steven Laureys (ed.), Boundaries of Consciousness. Elsevier.
     
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  30.  38
    Cerebral Processing in the Minimally Conscious State.Steven Laureys, Fabien Perrin & Marie-Elisabeth E. Faymonville - 2004 - Neurology 63 (5):916-918.
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  31. Animality and Agency: A Kantian Approach to Abortion.Lara Denis - 2008 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 76 (1):117-37.
    This paper situates abortion in the context of women’s duties to themselves. I argue that Kant’s fundamental moral requirement to respect oneself as a rational being, combined with Kant’s view of our animal nature, form the basis for a view of pregnancy and abortion that focuses on women’s agency and moral character without diminishing the importance of their bodies and emotions. The Kantian view of abortion that emerges takes abortion to be morally problematic, but sometimes permissible, and sometimes even required. (...)
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  32.  83
    Kant's Cold Sage and the Sublimity of Apathy.Lara Denis - 2000 - Kantian Review 4:48-73.
    Some Kantian ethicists, myself included, have been trying to show how, contrary to popular belief, Kant makes an important place in his moral theory for emotions–especially love and sympathy. This paper confronts claims of Kant that seem to endorse an absence of sympathetic emotions. I analyze Kant’s accounts of different sorts of emotions (“affects,” “passions,” and “feelings”), and different sorts of emotional coolness (“apathy,” “self-mastery,” and “cold-bloodedness”). I focus on the particular way that Kant praises apathy, as “sublime,” in order (...)
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  33. Kant's Ethics and Duties to Oneself.Lara Denis - 1997 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 78 (4):321–348.
    This paper investigates the nature and foundation of duties to oneself in Kant's moral theory. Duties to oneself embody the requirement of the formula of humanity that agents respect rational nature in them-selves as well as in others. So understood, duties to oneself are not subject to the sorts of conceptual objections often raised against duties to oneself; nor do these duties support objections that Kant's moral theory is overly demanding or produces agents who are preoccupied with their own virtue. (...)
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  34. Kant's Criticism of Atheism.Lara Denis - 2003 - Kant-Studien 94 (2):198-219.
    Although Kant argues that morality is prior to and independent of religion, Kant nevertheless claims that religion of a certain sort (“moral theism”) follows from morality, and that atheism poses threats to morality. Kant criticizes atheism as morally problematic in four ways: atheism robs the atheist of springs for moral action, leads the atheist to moral despair, corrupts the atheist’s moral character, and has a pernicious influence on the atheist’s community. I argue that Kant is right to say that moral (...)
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  35. Autonomy and the Highest Good.Lara Denis - 2005 - Kantian Review 10:33-59.
    Kant’s ethics conceives of rational beings as autonomous–capable of legislating the moral law, and of motivating themselves to act out of respect for that law. Kant’s ethics also includes a notion of the highest good, the union of virtue with happiness proportional to, and consequent on, virtue. According to Kant, morality sets forth the highest good as an object of the totality of all things good as ends. Much about Kant’s conception of the highest good is controversial. This paper focuses (...)
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  36. Abortion and Kant’s Formula of Universal Law.Lara Denis - 2007 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 37 (4):547-579.
    The formula of universal law (FUL) is a natural starting point for philosophers interested in a Kantian perspective on the morality of abortion. I argue, however, that FUL does not yield much in the way of promising or substantive conclusions regarding the morality of abortion. I first reveal how two philosophers' (Hare's and Gensler's) attempts to use Kantian considerations of universality and prescriptivity fail to provide analyses of abortion that are either compelling or true to Kant=s understanding of FUL. I (...)
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  37.  83
    Humanity, Obligation, and the Good Will: An Argument Against Dean's Interpretation of Humanity.Lara Denis - 2010 - Kantian Review 15 (1):118-141.
    Humanity is an important notion within Kant's moral theory. The humanity formulation of the categorical imperative commands: ‘So act that you use humanity, whether in your own person or in the person of any other, always at the same time as an end, never merely as a means’ . Kant's analysis of ethical obligation and his expositions of rights and duties in the Metaphysics of Morals refer frequently to humanity. How we understand this concept, then, has signifcant implications for how (...)
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  38. Kant's Formula of the End in Itself: Some Recent Debates.Lara Denis - 2007 - Philosophy Compass 2 (2):244–257.
    This is a survey article in which I explore some important recent work on the topic in question, Kant’s formula of the end in itself (or “formula of humanity”). I first provide an overview of the formulation, including what the formula seems roughly to be saying, and what Kant’s main argument for it seems to be. I then call the reader’s attention to a variety of questions one might have about the import of and argument for this formula, alluding to (...)
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  39. Kant's Conception of Duties Regarding Animals: Reconstruction and Reconsideration.Lara Denis - 2000 - History of Philosophy Quarterly 17 (4):405-23.
    In Kant’s moral theory, we do not have duties to animals, though we have duties with regard to them. I reconstruct Kant’s arguments for several types of duties with regard to animals and show that Kant’s theory imposes far more robust requirements on our treatment of animals than one would expect. Kant’s duties regarding animals are perfect and imperfect; they are primarily but not exclusively duties to oneself; and they condemn not merely cruelty to animals for its own sake, but (...)
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  40. Collective and Individual Rationality in the History of Economic Thought: The Early Marx's Theory of States as Organisms.Andy Denis - manuscript
    This paper forms part of a research project investigating conceptions of the relationship between micro-level selfseeking agent behaviour and the desirability or otherwise of the resulting macro-level social outcomes in the history of economics.
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  41.  38
    Was Adam Smith an Individualist?Andy Denis - 1999 - History of the Human Sciences 12 (3):71-86.
    Smith is generally regarded as an individualist without qualification. This paper argues that his predominantly individualist policy prescription is rooted in a more complex philosophy. He sees nature, including human nature, as a vast machine supervised by God and designed to maximise human happiness. Human weaknesses, as well as strengths, display the wisdom of God and play their part in this scheme. While Smith pays lip service to justice, it is really social order that pre-occupies him, and within that, the (...)
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  42. Kant on the Wrongness of 'Unnatural' Sex.Lara Denis - 1999 - History of Philosophy Quarterly 16 (2):225-48.
    I consider Kant’s use of claims about “nature’s ends” in his arguments to establish maxims of homosexual sex, masturbation, and bestiality as constituting “unnatural” sexual vices, which are contrary to one’s duties to oneself as an animal and moral being. I argue, first, that the formula of humanity is the principle best suited for understanding duties to oneself as an animal and moral being; and second, that although natural teleology is relevant to some degree in specifying these duties, it cannot (...)
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  43. Kant's Ethical Duties and Their Feminist Implications.Lara Denis - 2002 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy, Supplementary Volume 28 (Supplement):157-87.
    Many feminist philosophers have been highly critical of Kant’s ethics, either because of his rationalism or because of particular claims he makes about women in his writings on anthropology and political philosophy. In this paper, I call attention to the aspects of Kant’s ethical theory that make it attractive from a feminist standpoint. Kant’s duties to oneself are rich resource for feminism. These duties require women to act in ways that show respect for themselves as rational human agents by, e.g., (...)
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  44. Kant on the Perfection of Others.Lara Denis - 1999 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 37 (1):25-41.
    Kant claims that we have a duty to promote our own moral perfection, but not the moral perfection of others. I examine three types of argument for this asymmetry, as well as the implications of these arguments--and their success or failure--for Kantian theory. The arguments I consider say that (first) to promote others’ perfection is impossible; (second) to try to promote others’ perfection is impermissible; and (third) one cannot be obligated to promote both others’ perfection and one’s own. I argue (...)
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  45.  29
    Was Hayek a Panglossian Evolutionary Theorist? A Reply to Whitman.Andy Denis - 2002 - Constitutional Political Economy 13 (3):275-285.
    By means of a consideration of Whitman (1998) the present paper considers the meanings of ‘Panglossianism’ and the relation between group and individual levels in evolution. It establishes the connection between the Panglossian policy prescription of laissez-faire and the mistaken evolutionary theory of group selection. Analysis of the passages in Hayek cited by Whitman shows that, once these passages are taken in context, and once the appropriate meaning of the term ‘Panglossian’ has been clarified, they fail to defend Hayek from (...)
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  46. Appendix: The Poetic Vision of Setuuma, Guajiro Shaman.M. Perrin - 1992 - Diogenes 40 (158):181-184.
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  47.  34
    Fractal Images of Formal Systems.Paul St Denis & Patrick Grim - 1997 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 26 (2):181-222.
    Formal systems are standardly envisaged in terms of a grammar specifying well-formed formulae together with a set of axioms and rules. Derivations are ordered lists of formulae each of which is either an axiom or is generated from earlier items on the list by means of the rules of the system; the theorems of a formal system are simply those formulae for which there are derivations. Here we outline a set of alternative and explicitly visual ways of envisaging and analyzing (...)
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  48. Two Rhetorical Strategies of Laissez-Faire.Andy Denis - 2004 - Journal of Economic Methodology 11 (3):341-357.
    To understand the work of economic theorists it is often helpful to situate it in the context of the rhetorical strategy they were pursuing. Two ontologically distinct rhetorical strategies of laissez-faire may be distinguished by the way they articulate the individual interest with the general interest. A reductionist approach, exemplified by Friedman and Lucas, suggests that the properties and behaviour of an entity can be understood in terms of the properties and behaviour of the constituent lower-level components, taken in isolation. (...)
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  49. Methodology and Policy Prescription in Economic Thought: A Response to Mario Bunge.Andy Denis - 2003 - Journal of Socio-Economics 32 (2):219-226.
    Bunge (2000) distinguishes two main methodological approaches of holism and individualism, and associates with them policy prescriptions of centralism and laissez-faire. He identifies systemism as a superior approach to both the study and management of society. The present paper, seeking to correct and develop this line of thought, suggests a more complex relation between policy and methodology. There are two possible methodological underpinnings for laissez-faire: while writers such as Friedman and Lucas fit Bunge’s pattern, more sophisticated advocates of laissez-faire, such (...)
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  50.  44
    “Collective and Individual Rationality: Maynard Keynes's Methodological Standpoint and Policy Prescription”.Andy Denis - 2002 - Research in Political Economy 20:187-215.
    In a world of partially overlapping and partially conflicting interests there is good reason to doubt that self-seeking behaviour at the micro-level will spontaneously lead to desirable social outcomes at the macro-level. Nevertheless, some sophisticated economic writers advocating a laissez-faire policy prescription have proposed various 'invisible hand' mechanisms which can supposedly be relied upon to 'educe good from ill'. Smith defended the 'simple system of natural liberty' as giving the greatest scope to the unfolding of God's will and the working (...)
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