Results for 'A. B. Shaw'

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  1.  55
    Two Challenges to the Double Effect Doctrine: Euthanasia and Abortion.A. B. Shaw - 2002 - Journal of Medical Ethics 28 (2):102-104.
    The validity of the double effect doctrine is examined in euthanasia and abortion. In these two situations killing is a method of treatment. It is argued that the doctrine cannot apply to the care of the dying. Firstly, doctors are obliged to harm patients in order to do good to them. Secondly, patients should make their own value judgments about being mutilated or killed. Thirdly, there is little intuitive moral difference between direct and indirect killing. Nor can the doctrine apply (...)
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  2.  14
    Non-Therapeutic (Elective) Ventilation of Potential Organ Donors: The Ethical Basis for Changing the Law.A. B. Shaw - 1996 - Journal of Medical Ethics 22 (2):72-77.
    Non-therapeutic ventilation of potential organ donors would increase the supply of kidneys for transplantation. There are no major ethical objections to it. The means of permitting it are forbidden by laws with an ethical basis. A law permitting it would need an ethical basis. Introducing a third legal method of diagnosing death would be unethical. Expanding the power of the advance directive to permit procedures involving minimal harm would be ethical but not helpful. Extending the power of proxies to permit (...)
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  3.  42
    Depressive Illness Delayed Hamlet's Revenge.A. B. Shaw - 2002 - Medical Humanities 28 (2):92-96.
    If Hamlet had not delayed his revenge there would have been no play. Many explanations of the delay have been offered in the last four centuries. None is convincing. The interpretation which best fits the evidence best is that Hamlet was suffering from an acute depressive illness, with some obsessional features. He could not make a firm resolve to act. In Shakespeare’s time there was no concept of acute depressive illness, although melancholy was well known. Melancholy, however, would have been (...)
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  4.  11
    In Defence of Ageism.A. B. Shaw - 1994 - Journal of Medical Ethics 20 (3):188-194.
    Health care should be preferentially allocated to younger patients. This is just and is seen as just. Age is an objective factor in rationing decisions. The arguments against 'ageism' are answered. The effects of age on current methods of rationing are illustrated, and the practical applications of an age-related criterion are discussed. Ageist policies are in current use and open discussion of them is advocated.
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  5.  16
    Why Causing Death is Not Necessarily Morally Equivalent to Allowing to Die - a Response to Ferguson.A. B. Shaw - 1998 - Journal of Medical Ethics 24 (4):282-282.
  6.  20
    Intuitions, Principles and Consequences.A. B. Shaw - 2001 - Journal of Medical Ethics 27 (1):16-19.
    Some approaches to the assessment of moral intuitions are discussed. The controlled ethical trial isolates a moral issue from confounding factors and thereby clarifies what a person's intuition actually is. Casuistic reasoning from situations, where intuitions are clear, suggests or modifies principles, which can then help to make decisions in situations where intuitions are unclear. When intuitions are defended by a supporting principle, that principle can be tested by finding extreme cases, in which it is counterintuitive to follow the principle. (...)
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  7.  17
    In Defence of Ageism.A. B. Shaw - 1995 - Journal of Medical Ethics 21 (2):117-118.
    Health care should be preferentially allocated to younger patients. This is just and is seen as just. Age is an objective factor in rationing decisions. The arguments against 'ageism' are answered. The effects of age on current methods of rationing are illustrated, and the practical applications of an age-related criterion are discussed. Ageist policies are in current use and open discussion of them is advocated.
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  8.  30
    Shaw R.. The Paradox of the Unexpected Examination. Mind, N.S. Vol. 67 , Pp. 382–384.Lyon Ardon. The Prediction Paradox. Mind, N.S. Vol. 68 , Pp. 510–517.Nerlich G. C.. Unexpected Examinations and Unprovable Statements. Mind, N.S. Vol. 70 , Pp. 503–513.Medlin Brian. The Unexpected Examination. American Philosophical Quarterly , Vol. 1 No. 1 , Pp. 66–72. See Corrigenda, Brian Medlin. The Unexpected Examination. American Philosophical Quarterly , Vol. 1 No. 1 , P. 333.)Fitch Frederic B.. A Goedelized Formulation of the Prediction Paradox. American Philosophical Quarterly , Vol. 1 No. 1 , Pp. 161–164. [REVIEW]Jonathan Bennett - 1965 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 30 (1):101-102.
  9.  33
    Hollywood Ethics: Developing Ethical Issues ... Hollywoodstyle. [REVIEW]B. Shaw - 2004 - Journal of Business Ethics 49 (2):167-177.
    Hollywood has yet to produce a BusinessEthics epic. Between the special effects andcartoon characters, however, ethical issues dosurface, and, on occasion, Hollywood featuresintriguing and complex characters and plotsladen with moral freight. Some of these can beturned to student advantage, and this articlewill explore films that may become excellentteaching tools.
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  10.  29
    Explanatory Burdens and Natural Law: Invoking a Field Description of Perception-Action.Robert E. Shaw & Jeffrey B. Wagman - 2001 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (5):905-906.
    Although we agree with Hommel et al. that perception and action refer to one another, we disagree that they do so via a code. Gibson (1966; 1979) attempted to frame perception-action as a field phenomenon rather than as a particle phenomenon. From such a perspective, perception and action are adjoint, mutually interacting through an information field, and codes are unnecessary.
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  11.  4
    The Electron Microscope Image Contrast Near Dislocation Nodes.A. M. B. Shaw & L. M. Brown - 1967 - Philosophical Magazine 15 (136):797-804.
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  12.  14
    Some Comments on the Interpretation of the ‘Kikuchi-Like Reflection Patterns’ Observed by Scanning Electron Microscopy.G. R. Booker, A. M. B. Shaw, M. J. Whelan & P. B. Hirsch - 1967 - Philosophical Magazine 16 (144):1185-1191.
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  13. "Insight and Social Betterment: A Preface to Applied Social Science" by James B. Rule.Patrick Shaw - 1984 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 14 (2):273.
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  14.  11
    Book Reviews : Insight and Social Betterment. A Preface to Applied Social Science. By James B. Rule. New York: Oxford University Press, 1978. Pp. 205. $13.95 (Hardcover), $6.95 (Paper. [REVIEW]Patrick Shaw - 1984 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 14 (2):273-275.
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  15.  11
    The Difference Between Monaural and Binaural Thresholds.W. A. Shaw, E. B. Newman & I. J. Hirsh - 1947 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 37 (3):229.
  16.  69
    Hume's Theory of Motivation.Daniel Shaw - 1989 - Hume Studies 15 (1):163-183.
    The paper defends a humean account of motivating desires as introspectible causes of actions against objections raised by b stroud and t nagel. Hume's doctrine of the calm passions and the incorrigibility thesis are discussed and defended with reference to conscious desires. The account is then extended to cover unconscious motivation as well.
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  17. Mario W. Shaw, O. S. B., "Studies in Revelation and the Bible". [REVIEW]A. Smith - 1972 - The Thomist 36 (1):184.
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  18.  90
    Of Mice and Men: Evolution and the Socialist Utopia. William Morris, H.G. Wells, and George Bernard Shaw[REVIEW]Piers J. Hale - 2010 - Journal of the History of Biology 43 (1):17 - 66.
    During the British socialist revival of the 1880s competing theories of evolution were central to disagreements about strategy for social change. In News from Nowhere (1891), William Morris had portrayed socialism as the result of Lamarckian processes, and imagined a non-Malthusian future. H.G. Wells, an enthusiastic admirer of Morris in the early days of the movement, became disillusioned as a result of the Malthusianism he learnt from Huxley and his subsequent rejection of Lamarckism in light of Weismann's experiments on mice. (...)
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  19.  97
    Dentistry and the Ethics of Infection.David Shaw - 2008 - Journal of Medical Ethics 34 (3):184-187.
    Currently, any dentist in the UK who is HIV-seropositive must stop treating patients. This is despite the fact that hepatitis B-infected dentists with a low viral load can continue to practise, and the fact that HIV is 100 times less infectious than hepatitis B. Dentists are obliged to treat HIV-positive patients, but are obliged not to treat any patients if they themselves are HIV-positive. Furthermore, prospective dental students are now screened for hepatitis B and C and HIV, and are not (...)
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  20.  10
    Food and Everyday Life.Thomas M. Conroy, J. Nikol Beckham, Hui-tun Chuang, Matthew Day, Stephanie Greene, Joanna Henryks, Stacy M. Jameson, Marianne LeGreco, David Livert, Irina D. Mihalache, Roblyn Rawlins, Zachary Schrank, Klara Seddon, Amy Singer, Derek B. Shaw & Bethaney Turner (eds.) - 2014 - Lexington Books.
    This book is a qualitative, interpretive, phenomenological, and interdisciplinary, examination of food and food practices and their meanings in the modern world. Each chapter thematically focuses upon a particular food practice and on some key details of the examined practice, or on the practice’s social and cultural impact.
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  21.  9
    Applying Methods to Evaluate Construct Validity in the Context of A Level Assessment.Victoria Crisp & Stuart Shaw - 2012 - Educational Studies 38 (2):209-222.
    Validity is a central principle of assessment relating to the appropriateness of the uses and interpretations of test results. Usually, one of the inferences that we wish to make is that the score reflects the extent of a student?s learning in a given domain. Thus, it is important to establish that the assessment tasks elicit performances that reflect the intended constructs. This research explored the use of three methods for evaluating whether there are threats to validity in relation to the (...)
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  22.  34
    New Philosophy for New Media.Mark B. N. Hansen - 2004 - MIT Press.
    In New Philosophy for New Media, Mark Hansen defines the image in digital art in terms that go beyond the merely visual. Arguing that the "digital image" encompasses the entire process by which information is made perceivable, he places the body in a privileged position -- as the agent that filters information in order to create images. By doing so, he counters prevailing notions of technological transcendence and argues for the indispensability of the human in the digital era.Hansen examines new (...)
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  23.  5
    Will You Give My Kidney Back? Organ Restitution in Living-Related Kidney Transplantation: Ethical Analyses.Eisuke Nakazawa, Keiichiro Yamamoto, Aru Akabayashi, Margie H. Shaw, Richard A. Demme & Akira Akabayashi - 2020 - Journal of Medical Ethics 46 (2):144-150.
    In this article, we perform a thought experiment about living donor kidney transplantation. If a living kidney donor becomes in need of renal replacement treatment due to dysfunction of the remaining kidney after donation, can the donor ask the recipient to give back the kidney that had been donated? We call this problem organ restitution and discussed it from the ethical viewpoint. Living organ transplantation is a kind of ‘designated donation’ and subsequently has a contract-like character. First, assuming a case (...)
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  24.  2
    G. B. Shaw and Stage Directions.Aureliu Weiss - 1968 - British Journal of Aesthetics 8 (1):49.
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  25. An Investigation of the Effectiveness of Concept Mapping as an Instructional Tool.B. Gains & M. Shaw - 1995 - Science Education 77 (1):95-111.
     
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  26.  9
    Philosophizing: A. B. Palma.A. B. Palma - 1991 - Philosophy 66 (255):41-51.
    1. Many philosophers, including the later Wittgenstein, have concerned themselves with the question ‘What is philosophy?’ In this paper I shall say some things about the activity of philosophizing. What I shall say is not new or revealing; none the less, it might be worth saying what I do say. For philosophers, especially if they are professionally occupied with their subject, sometimes overlook some interesting, and some human, aspects of their profession.
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  27.  7
    Coordination and Communication in Police Command and Control Rooms.G. Spinelli, B. Sharma, P. Shaw & S. Dines - 2006 - Journal of Intelligent Systems 15 (1-4):81-106.
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  28. A-, B and R-Theories of Time: A Debate.L. Nathan Oaklander - 2012 - In Adrian Bardon (ed.), The Future of the Philosophy of Time. Boston, MA, USA; Berlin, Munich: pp. 1-24.
     
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  29. Studies in Indian Literature and Philosophy: Collected Articles of J.A.B. Van Buitenen.J. A. B. van Buitenen - 1988 - Motilal Banarsidass.
  30. Is Hypocrisy a Problem for Consequentialism?: William H. Shaw.William H. Shaw - 1999 - Utilitas 11 (3):340-346.
    Eldon Soifer and Béla Szabados argue that hypocrisy poses a problem for consequentialism because the hypocrite, in pretending to live up to a norm he or she does not really accept, acts in ways that have good results. They argue, however, that consequentialists can meet this challenge and show the wrongness of hypocrisy by adopting a desirefulfilment version of their theory. This essay raises some doubts about Soifer and Szabados's proposal and argues that consequentialism has no difficulty coming to grips (...)
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  31. A.B. Johnson's a Treatise on Language or, the Relation Which Words Bear to Things.A. B. Johnson & Stillman Drake - 1940 - [S.N.].
     
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  32.  24
    The Author, the Work, and the Actor: G. B. Shaw and Stage Directions.Auréliu Weiss - 1968 - British Journal of Aesthetics 8 (1):49-53.
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  33.  24
    Quine on Meaning and Translation.A. C. Lambert & P. D. Shaw - 1971 - Mind 80 (317):109-113.
  34.  14
    Intellectual Robotry: A.B. Palma.A. B. Palma - 1986 - Philosophy 61 (238):491-501.
    I shall discuss what I have chosen to call the phenomenon of ‘intellectual robotry’. Intellectual robotry is a disease which is manifested in various different ways by some intellectuals, though not by all. What do I mean by ‘intellectual robotry’? I mean, among other things, a habitual indulgence in clever words for their own sake, a fixation about the potency of arguments and a sort of involved commitment to certain fashionable ideologies. One of the main characteristics of intellectual robotry is (...)
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  35. International Aid and Global Health.A. B. Zwi, S. Benatar & G. Brock - 2011 - In S. R. Benatar & Gillian Brock (eds.), Global Health and Global Health Ethics. Cambridge University Press. pp. 184--197.
  36. The EPR Paper and Bohr's Response: A Re-Assessment. [REVIEW]M. A. B. Whitaker - 2004 - Foundations of Physics 34 (9):1305-1340.
    For many years after Bohr's response to the EPR argument, Bohr was considered to have provided an authoritative rebuttal of the ideas of the paper, and more generally of Einstein's stance on quantum theory. More recently, however, there has been great difficulty even in achieving general agreement on Bohr's meaning. Two recent papers, by Dickson, and by Clifton and Halvorson, have sought to establish the structure of Bohr's argument. In the present paper, the papers of EPR and Bohr are re-assessed (...)
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  37.  13
    Jonathan D. Oldfield; Denis J. B. Shaw. The Development of Russian Environmental Thought: Scientific and Geographical Perspectives on the Natural Environment. Xi + 196 Pp., Illus., Maps, Tables, Bibl., Index. London/New York: Routledge, 2016. £95. [REVIEW]Nils Roll-Hansen - 2017 - Isis 108 (1):209-211.
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  38.  52
    Analytical Philosophy in Comparative Perspective.B. K. Matilal & J. L. Shaw (eds.) - 1985 - D. Reidel.
    ANALYTICAL PHILOSOPHY IN COMPARATIVE PERSPECTIVE: AN INTRODUCTION. The aim of this volume is to extend the horizon of philosophical analysis as it is ...
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  39. Morality and the Law.Richard A. Wasserstrom - 1971 - Belmont, Calif., Wadsworth Pub. Co..
    On liberty, by J. S. Mill.--Morals and the criminal law, by P. Devlin.--Immorality and treason, by H. L. A. Hart.--Lord Devlin and the enforcement of morals, by R. Dworkin.--Sins and crimes, by A. R. Louch.--Morals offenses and the model penal code, L. B. Schwartz.--Paternalism, by G. Dworkin.--Four cases involving the enforcement of morality: Shaw v. Director of Public Prosecutions; People v. Cohen; Repouille v. United States; Commonwealth v. Donoghue.--Bibliography (p. 149).
     
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  40.  12
    On Wanting to Be Somebody: A. B. Palma.A. B. Palma - 1988 - Philosophy 63 (245):373-387.
    There are many people in the world who want to be Somebody. Let us describe someone as Somebody who comes to believe that, in one or more respects, he or she is a special or significant person and who succeeds, through whatever means, in acquiring some sort of reputation and some sort of fame. People want to become Somebody because they believe that unless they succeed in that respect they will turn out to be a mere mediocrity, or worse still, (...)
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  41. Single-Afferent Neurons and Somatic Sensation in Humans.A. B. Vallbo - 1995 - In Michael S. Gazzaniga (ed.), The Cognitive Neurosciences. MIT Press. pp. 237--252.
  42.  16
    Sur Une Méthode Algébrique de Vérification des Théorèmes de la Logique des énoncésO Algebraicznej Metodzie Sprawdzania Twierdzen Logiki zdanО Методе Проверки Теорем Логики Высказываний.A. B. Turowicz - 1960 - Studia Logica 9 (1):27-36.
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  43.  25
    Sur Une Méthode Algébrique de Vérification Des Théorèmes de la Logique Des Énoncés.A. B. Turowicz - 1960 - Studia Logica 9 (1):27 - 36.
  44.  16
    An Appropriate Conception of Teaching Science: A View From Studies of Science Learning.Peter W. Hewson, Hewson A'B. & G. Mariana - 1988 - Science Education 72 (5):597-614.
  45. A Direct Advance on Advance Directives.David Shaw - 2012 - Bioethics 26 (5):267-274.
    Advance directives (ADs), which are also sometimes referred to as ‘living wills’, are statements made by a person that indicate what treatment she should not be given in the event that she is not competent to consent or refuse at the future moment in question. As such, ADs provide a way for patients to make decisions in advance about what treatments they do not want to receive, without doctors having to find proxy decision-makers or having recourse to the doctrine of (...)
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  46.  10
    Sex Discrimination in Education: Theory and Practice.B. Shaw - 1979 - Journal of Philosophy of Education 13 (1):33–40.
  47.  67
    Kant on Representation and Objectivity.A. B. Dickerson - 2003 - Cambridge University Press.
    This book is a study of the second-edition version of the 'Transcendental Deduction', which is one of the most important and obscure sections of Kant's Critique of Pure Reason. By way of a close analysis of the B-Deduction, Adam Dickerson makes the distinctive claim that the Deduction is crucially concerned with the problem of making intelligible the unity possessed by complex representations - a problem that is the representationalist parallel of the semantic problem of the unity of the proposition. Along (...)
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  48.  9
    Isotope Effect in Vacancy Diffusion.K. Tharmalingam & A. B. Lidiard - 1959 - Philosophical Magazine 4 (44):899-906.
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  49.  13
    A Contribution to the Critical Edition of the BhagavadgītāA Contribution to the Critical Edition of the Bhagavadgita.J. A. B. van Buitenen - 1965 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 85 (1):99.
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  50.  3
    Studies on the Civilization of Islam.George C. Miles, Hamilton A. R. Gibb, Stanford J. Shaw & William R. Polk - 1962 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 82 (4):561.
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