Results for 'Derek Hodgson'

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  1.  32
    The Evolutionary Significance of the Arts: Exploring the By-Product Hypothesis in the Context of Ritual, Precursors, and Cultural Evolution.Derek Hodgson & Jan Verpooten - 2015 - Biological Theory 10 (1):73-85.
    The role of the arts has become crucial to understanding the origins of “modern human behavior,” but continues to be highly controversial as it is not always clear why the arts evolved and persisted. This issue is often addressed by appealing to adaptive biological explanations. However, we will argue that the arts have evolved culturally rather than biologically, exploiting biological adaptations rather than extending them. In order to support this line of inquiry, evidence from a number of disciplines will be (...)
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  2.  17
    Ways of Seeing: The Innocent Eye, Individual View and Visual Realism In Art.Derek Hodgson - 2004 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 11 (12):3-16.
    Based upon the studies to be outlined, I will argue that the innocent eye should not be thought of as a kind of raw sensory data which, through various artistic devices, can become a focus of attention. In effect, I submit, various commentators have misrepresented this concept to the extent that it has caused much confusion in debates relating to art. In short, they continue to promote the notion of a viewer-centred representation as pure, untainted visual information that can be (...)
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  3.  13
    Cognitive Evolution, Population, Transmission, and Material Culture.Derek Hodgson - 2013 - Biological Theory 7 (3):237-246.
    There has been much debate regarding when modern human cognition arose. It was previously thought that the technocomplexes and artifacts associated with a particular timeframe during the Upper Paleolithic could provide a proxy for identifying the signature of modern cognition. It now appears that this approach has underestimated the complexity of human behavior on a number of different levels. As the artifacts, once thought to be confined to Europe 40,000 years ago onwards, can now be found in other parts of (...)
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  4.  44
    Hayek's Theory of Cultural Evolution: An Evaluation in the Light of Vanberg's Critique: Geoffrey M. Hodgson.Geoffrey M. Hodgson - 1991 - Economics and Philosophy 7 (1):67-82.
    The application of evolutionary ideas to socioeconomic systems has been an increasingly prominent theme in the work of Friedrich Hayek, and the motif has become dominant in his recent book. In an earlier issue of this journal, Viktor Vanberg raises two substantive criticisms of Friedrich Hayek' theory of cultural evolution that invoke some important questions concerning use of the evolutionary analogy in social science.
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  5.  17
    Making Economics More Relevant: An Interview with Geoffrey Hodgson.Geoffrey M. Hodgson - 2010 - Erasmus Journal for Philosophy and Economics 3 (2):72-94.
  6.  25
    Letter of Dr. S. H. Hodgson.Shadworth H. Hodgson - 1881 - Journal of Speculative Philosophy 15 (3):320 - 322.
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  7.  25
    Mr. Hodgson on `Cogito Ergo Sum'.Shadworth H. Hodgson - 1877 - Mind 2 (5):126-130.
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  8.  61
    Rationality + Consciousness = Free Will.David Hodgson - 2012 - Oup Usa.
    In this challenging book, David Hodgson takes a fresh approach to the question of free will, contending that close consideration of human rationality and human consciousness shows that together they give us free will, in a robust and indeterministic sense, and in a way that is consistent with what science tells us about the world.
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  9. The Mind Matters: Consciousness and Choice in a Quantum World.David Hodgson - 1991 - Oxford Unversity Press.
    In this book, Hodgson presents a clear and compelling case against today's orthodox mechanistic view of the brain-mind, and in favor of the view that "the mind matters." In the course of the argument he ranges over such topics as consciousness, informal reasoning, computers, evolution, and quantum indeterminancy and non-locality. Although written from a philosophical viewpoint, the book has important implications for the sciences concerned with the brain-mind problem. At the same time, it is largely non-technical, and thus accessible (...)
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  10.  47
    Hegel and Christian Theology: A Reading of the Lectures on the Philosophy of Religion.Peter Crafts Hodgson - 2005 - Oxford University Press.
    This is an analysis of the interpretation of Christian theology that is found in G. W. F. Hegel's Lectures on the Philosophy of Religion. Hodgson argues that these lectures are among the most valuable resources from the nineteenth century for theology as it faces the challenges of modernity and postmodernity. The author is also editing and translating the critical edition of the lectures, which are being published concurrently by Oxford University Press.
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  11. Plain Person's Free Will.David Hodgson - 2005 - Imprint Academic.
    'Plain' persons tend to accept that free will exists and is inconsistent with determinism, but this commonsense position is widely debunked by professional philosophers and cognitive scientists. In this special issue of the _Journal of Consciousness Studies_ David Hodgson defends a simple, robust account of the plain person's position on free will, and intends it to support equally robust views of personal responsibility for conduct. In a lively debate his ideas are discussed and challenged by ten philosophers and scientists (...)
     
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  12.  29
    Underqualified—Maximal Generality in Darwinian Explanation: A Response to Matt Gers.Geoffrey M. Hodgson & Thorbjørn Knudsen - 2012 - Biology and Philosophy 27 (4):607-614.
    Gers (Biol Philos, 2011) provides a positive and constructive view of the project to generalise Darwinian principles in Geoffrey Hodgson and Thorbjørn Knudsen’s Darwin’s Conjecture. We note considerable overlap with his work and ours, and also with important recent work of Godfrey-Smith ( 2009 ), which Gers cites extensively. But we also note that there are differences in research objectives between Gers and Godfrey-Smith, on the one hand, and ourselves, on the other. Gers and Godfrey-Smith focus on the elucidation (...)
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  13.  4
    Lectures on the Philosophy of Religion, Vol. I: Introduction and the Concept of Religion.Peter Hodgson (ed.) - 1984 - University of California Press.
    The Lectures on the Philosophy of Religion, developed in four versions from 1821 to 1831, represent the final and in some ways the decisive element of Hegel's entire philosophical system. This is Volume I of the first critical edition of the lectures, based on a complete re-editing of the sources. - ;The Hegel Lectures SeriesSeries Editor: Peter C. Hodgson Hegel's lectures have had as great a historical impact as the works he himself published. Important elements of his system are (...)
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  14. Hegel and Christian Theology: A Reading of the Lectures on the Philosophy of Religion.Peter C. Hodgson - 2007 - Oxford University Press.
    An analysis of the interpretation of Christian theology that is found in G. W. F. Hegel's Lectures on the Philosophy of Religion. Peter C. Hodgson argues that these lectures are among the most valuable resources from the nineteenth century for theology as it faces the challenges of modernity and postmodernity.
     
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  15.  94
    Three Tricks of Consciousness: Qualia, Chunking and Selection.David Hodgson - 2002 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 9 (12):65-88.
    DAVID HODGSON: This article supports the proposition that, if a judgment about the aesthetic merits of an artistic object can take into account and thereby be influenced by the particular quality of the object, through gestalt experiences evoked by the object, then we have free will. It argues that it is probable that such a judgment can indeed take into account and be influenced by the particular quality of the object through gestalt experiences evoked by it, so as to (...)
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  16. Why I (Still) Believe in Free Will and Responsibility.David Hodgson - manuscript
    David Hodgson[1] It’s widely asserted by scientists and philosophers that our decisions and actions are wholly determined by physical processes of our brains; and many also assert that this means we cannot have free will and cannot, in any real sense, be responsible for what we do. In recent times, this has led to some questioning of the basis of criminal..
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  17.  20
    What Zombies Cant Do.D. Hodgson - 1995 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 2 (4):360-360.
    I want to take issue with the assertion by Flanagan and Polger that there are no good theories as to `why did evolution result in creatures who were more than just informationally sensitive'; that is, why evolution has apparently not produced zombies. I've proposed a theory which I'd like to think is good: that consciousness is for kinds of plausible reasoning not available to mechanistic systems -- that there have been evolutionary advantages in an organism being able to act out (...)
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  18.  66
    The Knowledge Argument: A Response to Elizabeth Schier.David Hodgson - 2008 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 15 (4):112-115.
    I much appreciated Elizabeth Schier's paper on Frank Jackson's knowledge argument, published in the January 2008 issue of Journal of Consciousness Studies (Schier, 2008) -- in part, I confess, because of resonances with my gestalt argument for free will (Hodgson, 2001; 2002; 2005; 2007a,b). I would like to offer two comments on this paper.
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  19.  19
    Research, Governance, and Technologies of Openness.Naomi Hodgson - 2016 - Educational Theory 66 (4):535-549.
    Recent policy changes in the European Union have introduced the requirement for publicly funded research to be published in open access. This can be seen as part of a mode of democratic accountability that not only promotes transparency but also, Naomi Hodgson argues, is constituted by visibility and openness. By drawing attention to the way in which the researcher is asked to understand herself in this policy context, Hodgson illustrates how particular technologies of performance measurement and management, and (...)
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  20.  13
    Motivations stratégiques et compétition fiscale.Louis-Philippe Hodgson - 2016 - Philosophiques 43 (1):119-125.
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  21.  21
    Citizenship Education, Policy, and the Educationalization of Educational Research.Naomi Hodgson - 2008 - Educational Theory 58 (4):417-434.
    In this essay, Naomi Hodgson reconsiders the value of Michel Foucault’s normalization thesis to the study of educationalization in relation to contemporary educational policy and research. Hodgson begins by analyzing educational researchers’ response to the recent introduction of citizenship education in England, focusing specifically on a review of research, policy, and practice in this area commissioned by the British Educational Research Association . She argues that the BERA review exemplifies the field of education policy sociology in that it (...)
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  22. Hegel: Lectures on the Philosophy of World History, Volume I: Manuscripts of the Introduction and the Lectures of 1822-1823.Robert F. Brown & Peter C. Hodgson (eds.) - 2011 - Oxford University Press.
    Brown and Hodgson present a new English edition of Hegel's 1822-3 lectures on the philosophy of world history. Here he sets out his vision of the development of reason, spirit, and culture in human history, as it advances inexorably towards the establishment of a political state of free, fully self-conscious individuals and just institutions.
     
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  23. G. W. F. Hegel Theologian of the Spirit.Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel & Peter Crafts Hodgson (eds.) - 1997 - T & T Clark.
    Offering the only anthology of Hegel's religious thought, Vanderbilt University's Professor Peter C. Hodgson provides sympathetic and clear entree to the German philosopher's religious achievement through his major relevant texts starting with early theological writings and culminating with Hegel's1824 lectures on the philosophy of religion.
     
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  24. Lectures on the Philosophy of World History: Volume I: Manuscripts of the Introduction and the Lectures of 1822-1823.G. W. F. Hegel & Peter Hodgson - 2011 - Oxford University Press UK.
    This edition makes available an entirely new version of Hegel's lectures on the development and scope of world history. Volume I presents Hegel's surviving manuscripts of his introduction to the lectures and the full transcription of the first series of lectures. These works treat the core of human history as the inexorable advance towards the establishment of a political state with just institutions-a state that consists of individuals with a free and fully-developed self-consciousness. Hegel interweaves major themes of spirit and (...)
     
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  25.  11
    Biblical Theology and the Sovereignty of God.Leonard Hodgson - 1947 - Cambridge [Eng.]Univ. Press.
    Leonard Hodgson. Biblical Theology and ' The Sovereignty of God Leonard Hodgson BIBLICAL THEOLOGY AND THE SOVEREIGNTY OF GOD. Front Cover .
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  26.  22
    Lectures on the Philosophy of Religion, One-Volume Edition: The Lectures of 1827.Peter C. Hodgson (ed.) - 2006 - Oxford University Press UK.
    The Hegel Lectures SeriesSeries Editor: Peter C. Hodgson Hegel's lectures have had as great a historical impact as the works he himself published. Important elements of his system are elaborated only in the lectures, especially those given in Berlin during the last decade of his life. The original editors conflated materials from different sources and dates, obscuring the development and logic of Hegel's thought. The Hegel Lectures series is based on a selection of extant and recently discovered transcripts and (...)
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  27. Kant on the Right to Freedom: A Defense.Louis‐Philippe Hodgson - 2010 - Ethics 120 (4):791-819.
  28. Kant on Property Rights and the State.Louis-Philippe Hodgson - 2010 - Kantian Review 15 (1):57-87.
    The central claim of Kant's political philosophy is that rational agents sharing a territory can justifiably be forced to live under a state; they have, in Kant's words, a duty of right to leave the state of nature. Perhaps something along these lines is entailed by any theory of state legitimacy, but the point raises special difficulties for Kant. He believes that rational agents have a right to freedom; that is, he believes that a rational agent's external freedom - her (...)
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  29. Quantum Physics, Consciousness, and Free Will.David Hodgson - 2002 - In Robert H. Kane (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Free Will. New York: Oxford University Press.
  30. Consequences of Utilitarianism: A Study in Normative Ethics and Legal Theory.D. H. Hodgson - 1967 - Clarendon Press.
     
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  31.  25
    Understanding and Retention of the Informed Consent Process Among Parents in Rural Northern Ghana.Abraham R. Oduro, Raymond A. Aborigo, Dickson Amugsi, Francis Anto, Thomas Anyorigiya, Frank Atuguba, Abraham Hodgson & Kwadwo A. Koram - 2008 - BMC Medical Ethics 9 (1):12-.
    The individual informed consent model remains critical to the ethical conduct and regulation of research involving human beings. Parental informed consent process in a rural setting of northern Ghana was studied to describe comprehension and retention among parents as part of the evaluation of the existing informed consent process.
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  32.  49
    Induction Into Educational Research Networks: The Striated and the Smooth.Naomi Hodgson & Paul Standish - 2006 - Journal of Philosophy of Education 40 (4):563–574.
  33. Goodbye to Qualia and All That? Review Article.David Hodgson - 2005 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 12 (2):84-88.
    Max Bennett is a distinguished Australian neuroscientist, Peter Hacker an Oxford philosopher and leading authority on Wittgenstein. A book resulting from their collaboration, Philosophical Foundations of Neuroscience, has received high praise. According to the Blackwell website, G.H. von Wright asserts that it 'will certainly, for a long time to come, be the most important contribution to the mind-body problem that there is'; and Sir Anthony Kenny says it 'shows that the claims made on behalf of cognitive science are ill-founded'. M.R. (...)
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  34. Dr. Ward on Free-Will.Shadworth H. Hodgson - 1880 - Mind 5 (18):226-253.
  35.  43
    The Easy Problems Ain't so Easy.David Hodgson - 1996 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 3 (1):69-75.
    David Chalmers distinguishes the hard problem of consciousness -- why should a physical system give rise to conscious experiences at all -- with what he calls the easy problems, the explanation of how cognitive systems, including human brains, perform various cognitive functions. He argues that the easy problems are easy because the performance of any function can be explained by specifying a mechanism that performs the function. This article argues that conscious experiences have a role in the performance by human (...)
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  36. A Plain Person's Free Will.David Hodgson - 2005 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 12 (1):3-19.
    In my experience, plain persons (here meaning persons who are neither philosophers or cognitive scientists) tend to accept something like a libertarian position on free will, namely that free will exists and is inconsistent with determinism. That position is widely debunked by philosophers and cognitive scientists. My view at present is that something like this plain person's position is not only defensible but likely to be closer to the truth than opposing views. To put this to the test, I have (...)
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  37.  54
    Information, Complexity and Generative Replication.Geoffrey M. Hodgson & Thorbjørn Knudsen - 2008 - Biology and Philosophy 23 (1):47-65.
    The established definition of replication in terms of the conditions of causality, similarity and information transfer is very broad. We draw inspiration from the literature on self-reproducing automata to strengthen the notion of information transfer in replication processes. To the triple conditions of causality, similarity and information transfer, we add a fourth condition that defines a “generative replicator” as a conditional generative mechanism, which can turn input signals from an environment into developmental instructions. Generative replication must have the potential to (...)
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  38.  27
    Cultural Evolution is More Than Neurological Evolution.Thorbjørn Knudsen & Geoffrey M. Hodgson - 2006 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 29 (4):356-357.
    Advancing a general Darwinian framework to explain culture is an exciting endeavor. It requires that we face up to the challenge of identifying the specific components that are effective in replication processes in culture. This challenge includes the unsolved problem of explaining cultural inheritance, both at the level of individuals and at the level of social organizations and institutions.
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  39. God's Action in the World: The Relevance of Quantum Mechanics.Peter E. Hodgson - 2000 - Zygon 35 (3):505-516.
  40.  29
    Can the Beast Be Tamed?: Reflections on John McMurtry's Unequal Freedoms: The Global Market as an Ethical System. [REVIEW]Bernard J. Hodgson - 2001 - Journal of Business Ethics 33 (1):71 - 78.
    My paper responds to certain themes of Professor John McMurtry's recent book, Unequal Freedoms: The Global Market as an Ethical System. Although I am in general sympathy with McMurtry's penetrating critique of conventional market theory and practice, I find Unequal Freedoms ambivalent on the critical question of whether endorsing and enacting the life-value code McMurtry proposes would require only a mitigation of the principles and definitive activities of the competitive market system or whether significant reforms within the system would have (...)
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  41. On the Conditions of a True Philosophy.Shadworth H. Hodgson - 1888 - Mind 13 (50):153-187.
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  42.  33
    Why Searle has Not Rediscovered the Mind.David Hodgson - 1994 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 1 (2):264-274.
    This is a review article about John Searle's most recent book The Rediscovery of the Mind, which criticizes it for not going far enough in its departure from orthodox materialistic views of the brain and mind. It argues that Searle's two central propositions, consciousness is irreducible and consciousness cannot cause anything that cannot be explained by the causal behaviour of neurons, are incompatible; and suggests that it is reasonable and scientifically respectable to reject the latter rather than the former.
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  43. Reflective Consciousness.Shadworth H. Hodgson - 1894 - Mind 3 (10):208-221.
  44.  29
    Goodbye To Qualia And All That?: Review Article.David Hodgson - 2005 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 12 (2):84-89.
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  45. Relativity and Religion: The Abuse of Einstein's Theory.Peter E. Hodgson - 2003 - Zygon 38 (2):393-409.
    Einstein’s special theory of relativity has had a wide influence on fields far removed from physics. It has given the impression that physics has shown that there are now no absolute truths, that all beliefs are relative to the observer, and that traditional stable landmarks have been washed away. We each have our own frame of reference that is as good as any other frame, so that there are no absolute standards by which our actions may be judged. The predictions (...)
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  46. Mr. Matthew Arnold on Descartes' Cogito Ergo Sum.Shadworth H. Hodgson - 1876 - Mind 1 (4):568-570.
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  47. Guilty Mind or Guilty Brain? Criminal Responsibility in the Age of Neuroscience.David Hodgson - unknown
    Current developments in the sciences of the brain and mind sometimes seem to suggest that criminal conduct is a symptom of brain disorder or illness that should be treated rather than punished. This paper argues that the insights of these sciences should be taken very seriously by lawyers, but not to the detriment of common-sense ideas of responsibility or of their incorporation into the legal categories used in the criminal law.
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  48. The Metaphysical Method in Philosophy.Shadworth H. Hodgson - 1884 - Mind 9 (33):48-72.
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  49. Consciousness, Quantum Physics, and Free Will.David Hodgson - 2002 - In Robert H. Kane (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Free Will. Oxford University Press.
  50.  21
    Educational Research, Governmentality and the Construction of the Cosmopolitan Citizen.Naomi Hodgson - 2009 - Ethics and Education 4 (2):177-187.
    The turn to cosmopolitanism in educational research on citizenship education is indicative of a wider discourse of cosmopolitanism evident throughout social and cultural policy. This discourse represents a more 'light-hearted' use of the term than the philosophical tradition offers. This discourse should not be dismissed, however, but, instead, attention should be paid to who the citizen is that is addressed by such language. An analysis informed by Foucault's concept of governmentality draws attention to the way in which the discourse of (...)
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