Results for 'Eric Rosen'

999 found
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  1.  31
    Modal Logic Over Finite Structures.Eric Rosen - 1997 - Journal of Logic, Language and Information 6 (4):427-439.
    We investigate properties of propositional modal logic over the classof finite structures. In particular, we show that certain knownpreservation theorems remain true over this class. We prove that aclass of finite models is defined by a first-order sentence and closedunder bisimulations if and only if it is definable by a modal formula.We also prove that a class of finite models defined by a modal formulais closed under extensions if and only if it is defined by a -modal formula.
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  2.  19
    Undecidability Results on Two-Variable Logics.Erich Grädel, Martin Otto & Eric Rosen - 1999 - Archive for Mathematical Logic 38 (4-5):313-354.
    It is a classical result of Mortimer that $L^2$ , first-order logic with two variables, is decidable for satisfiability. We show that going beyond $L^2$ by adding any one of the following leads to an undecidable logic:– very weak forms of recursion, viz.¶(i) transitive closure operations¶(ii) (restricted) monadic fixed-point operations¶– weak access to cardinalities, through the Härtig (or equicardinality) quantifier¶– a choice construct known as Hilbert's $\epsilon$ -operator.In fact all these extensions of $L^2$ prove to be undecidable both for satisfiability, (...)
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  3.  10
    On Preservation Theorems for Two-Variable Logic.Erich Gradel & Eric Rosen - 1999 - Mathematical Logic Quarterly 45 (3):315-325.
    We show that the existential preservation theorem fails for two-variable first-order logic FO2. It is known that for all k ≥ 3, FOk does not have an existential preservation theorem, so this settles the last open case, answering a question of Andreka, van Benthem, and Németi. In contrast, we prove that the homomorphism preservation theorem holds for FO2.
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  4.  4
    Scraping the Web for Public Health Gains: Ethical Considerations From a ‘Big Data’ Research Project on HIV and Incarceration.Stuart Rennie, Mara Buchbinder, Eric Juengst, Lauren Brinkley-Rubinstein, Colleen Blue & David L. Rosen - 2020 - Public Health Ethics 13 (1):111-121.
    Web scraping involves using computer programs for automated extraction and organization of data from the Web for the purpose of further data analysis and use. It is frequently used by commercial companies, but also has become a valuable tool in epidemiological research and public health planning. In this paper, we explore ethical issues in a project that “scrapes” public websites of U.S. county jails as part of an effort to develop a comprehensive database to enhance HIV surveillance and improve continuity (...)
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  5.  7
    Ruling Out Risks in Medical Research.Sten Anttila, Johannes Persson, Måns Rosén, Niklas Vareman, Sigurd Vitols & Nils-Eric Sahlin - 2019 - Journal of Risk Research 22 (6):796-802.
    In medical research, it is not unusual that risks are ruled out without any specification the exact risk that was ruled out. This makes it difficult to balance expected health benefits and risk of harm when choosing between alternative treatment options. International guidelines for reporting medical research results are sufficiently specific when it comes to establishing health benefits. However, there is a lack of standards for reporting on ruling out risks. We argue that transparency is needed, as in the case (...)
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  6.  70
    An Existential Fragment of Second Order Logic.Eric Rosen - 1999 - Archive for Mathematical Logic 38 (4-5):217-234.
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  7.  44
    Some Aspects of Model Theory and Finite Structures.Eric Rosen - 2002 - Bulletin of Symbolic Logic 8 (3):380-403.
  8.  23
    A Comparison of Eating Disorder Scores Among African-American and White College Females.Ellen F. Rosen, Derek L. Anthony, Karen M. Booker, Teri L. Brown, Eric Christian, Robert C. Crews, Vivian J. Hollins, Jane T. Privette, Rosemerry R. Reed & Linda C. Petty - 1991 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 29 (1):65-66.
  9.  1
    Corrigendum: Scraping the Web for Public Health Gains: Ethical Considerations From a ‘Big Data’ Research Project on HIV and Incarceration.Stuart Rennie, Mara Buchbinder, Eric Juengst, Lauren Brinkley-Rubinstein, Colleen Blue & David L. Rosen - forthcoming - Public Health Ethics.
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  10.  28
    On the First-Order Prefix Hierarchy.Eric Rosen - 2005 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 46 (2):147-164.
    We investigate the expressive power of fragments of first-order logic that are defined in terms of prefixes. The main result establishes a strict hierarchy among these fragments over the signature consisting of a single binary relation. It implies that for each prefix p, there is a sentence in prenex normal form with prefix p, over a single binary relation, such that for all sentences θ in prenex normal form, if θ is equivalent to , then p can be embedded in (...)
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  11.  14
    SO(∀∃^*) Sentences and Their Asymptotic Probabilities.Eric Rosen & Jerzy Tyszkiewicz - 2000 - Mathematical Logic Quarterly 46 (4):435-452.
    We prove a 0-1 law for the fragment of second order logic SO over parametric classes of finite structures which allow only one unary atomic type. This completes the investigation of 0-1 laws for fragments of second order logic defined in terms of first order quantifier prefixes over, e.g., simple graphs and tournaments. We also prove a low oscillation law, and establish the 0-1 law for Σ14 without any restriction on the number of unary types.
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  12. I—Gideon Rosen: Culpability and Duress: A Case Study.Gideon Rosen - 2014 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 88 (1):69-90.
    The paper examines the conditions under which we are responsible for actions performed under duress, focusing on a real case in which a soldier was compelled at gunpoint to participate in the massacre of civilian prisoners. The case stands for a class of cases in which the compelled act is neither clearly justified nor clearly excused on grounds of temporary incapacity, but in which it is nonetheless plausible that the agent is not morally blameworthy. The theoretical challenge is to identify (...)
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  13. Utilitarianism and the Punishment of the Innocent: The Origins of a False Doctrine1: F. Rosen.F. Rosen - 1997 - Utilitas 9 (1):23-37.
    This paper examines the commonplace assertion that utilitarianism allows for and even, at times, requires the punishment of the innocent. It traces the origins of this doctrine to the writings of the British Idealists and the subsequent development of what is called the post-utilitarian paradigm which posits various justifications for punishment such as retribution, deterrence and reform, finds all of them inadequate, and then, with the addition of other ideas, reconciles them. The idea of deterrence is falsely depicted as the (...)
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  14.  44
    Autobiographical Reminiscences of Robert Rosen.Robert Rosen - 2006 - Axiomathes 16 (1):1-23.
  15.  97
    Individual Sacrifice and the Greatest Happiness: Bentham on Utility and Rights: F. Rosen.F. Rosen - 1998 - Utilitas 10 (2):129-143.
    This article considers Bentham's response to the criticism of utilitarianism that it allows for and may even require the sacrifice of some members of society in order to increase overall happiness. It begins with the contrast between the principle of utility and the contrasting principle of sympathy and antipathy to show that Bentham regarded the main achievement of his principle as overcoming the subjectivity he found in all other philosophical theories. This subjectivism, especially prevalent in theories of rights, might well (...)
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  16.  9
    East and West: Selected Writings in Linguistics by Haiim B. Rosén. Part II, Hebrew and Semitic LinguisticsEast and West: Selected Writings in Linguistics by Haiim B. Rosen. Part II, Hebrew and Semitic Linguistics. [REVIEW]Alan S. Kaye, Haiim B. Rosén & Haiim B. Rosen - 1987 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 107 (1):141.
  17.  8
    A Structural Approach To Israeli Hebrew: A Textbook Of Israeli Hebrew; With An Introduction To The Classical Language By Haiim B. Rosén.Gerd Fraenkel, Haiim B. Rosén & Haiim B. Rosen - 1966 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 86 (1):32.
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  18. Logos and Eros: Essays Honoring Stanley Rosen.Stanley Rosen & Nalin Ranasinghe (eds.) - 2006 - St. Augustine's Press.
     
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  19. Faith and Political Philosophy: The Correspondence Between Leo Strauss and Eric Voegelin, 1934-1964.Peter Emberley & Barry Cooper (eds.) - 1993 - Pennsylvania State University Press.
    Leo Strauss and Eric Voegelin were political theorists of the first rank whose impact on the study of political science in North America has been profound. A study of their writings is one of the most expeditious ways to explore the core of political science; comparing and contrasting the positions both theorists have taken in assessing that core provides a comprehensive appreciation of the main options of the Western tradition. In fifty-three recently discovered letters, Strauss and Voegelin explore the (...)
     
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  20. Biosemiosis and Causation: Defending Biosemiotics Through Rosen's Theoretical Biology, or, Integrating Biosemiotics and Anticipatory Systems Theory.Arran Gare - 2019 - Cosmos and History 19 (1):31-90.
    The fracture in the emerging discipline of biosemiotics when the code biologist Marcello Barbieri claimed that Peircian biosemiotics is not genuine science raises anew the question: What is science? When it comes to radically new approaches in science, there is no simple answer to this question, because if successful, these new approaches change what is understood to be science. This is what Galileo, Darwin and Einstein did to science, and with quantum theory, opposing interpretations are not merely about what theory (...)
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  21. The Mathematical Theory of Categories in Biology and the Concept of Natural Equivalence in Robert Rosen.Franck Varenne - 2013 - Revue d'Histoire des Sciences 66 (1):167-197.
    The aim of this paper is to describe and analyze the epistemological justification of a proposal initially made by the biomathematician Robert Rosen in 1958. In this theoretical proposal, Rosen suggests using the mathematical concept of “category” and the correlative concept of “natural equivalence” in mathematical modeling applied to living beings. Our questions are the following: According to Rosen, to what extent does the mathematical notion of category give access to more “natural” formalisms in the modeling of (...)
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  22. Multinomial Distribution, Quantum Statistics and Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen Like Phenomena.Ratan Dasgupta & Sisir Roy - 2008 - Foundations of Physics 38 (4):384-394.
    Bose-Einstein statistics may be characterized in terms of multinomial distribution. From this characterization, an information theoretic analysis is made for Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen like situation; using Shannon’s measure of entropy.
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  23.  88
    An Emergent Language of Paradox: Riffs on Steven M. Rosen’s Kleinian Signification of Being.Lisa Maroski - 2017 - Cosmos and History 13 (1):315-342.
    First, I briefly recapitulate the main points of Rosen’s article, namely, that the word “Being” does not adequately signify the paradoxical unification of subject and object and that the Klein bottle can serve as a more appropriate sign -vehicle than the word. I then propose to apply his insight more widely; however, in order to do that, it is first necessary to identify infra- and exostructures of language, including culture, category structure, logic, metaphor, semantics, syntax, concept, and sign vehicles, (...)
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  24. Théorie mathématique des catégories en biologie et notion d’équivalence naturelle chez Robert Rosen.Franck Varenne - 2013 - Revue d'Histoire des Sciences 66 (1):167-197.
    The aim of this paper is to describe and analyze the epistemological justification of a proposal initially made by the bio-mathematician Robert Rosen in 1958. In this theoretical proposal, Rosen suggests using the mathematical concept of « category » and the correlative concept of « natural equivalence » in mathematical modeling applied to living beings. Our questions are the following: according to Rosen, to what extent does the mathematical notion of category give access to more « natural (...)
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  25.  17
    The Racism of Eric Voegelin.Wulf D. Hund - 2019 - Journal of World Philosophies 4 (1):1-22.
    As a young scholar, Eric Voegelin wanted to prove whether the ‘race idea’ could function as a means of political integration. He published two books on race that, after his flight to the USA, were eventually passed off as an early critique of racism. This is a complete misinterpretation and inversion of his endeavor. In his tracts, Voegelin only criticized a certain direction of race thinking that he identified as a materialistic biological approach to the problem. At the same (...)
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  26.  33
    Gnosticismo e modernidade no pensamento de Eric Voegelin. [REVIEW]Adelaide de Faria Pimenta - 2018 - Horizonte - Revista de Estudos de Teologia E Ciências da Religião 16 (50):938-940.
    A proposta deste estudo é abordar de forma teórica o pensamento do filósofo e cientista político, germano-americano, Eric Voegelin, buscando compreender a relação que promove entre o gnosticismo e a modernidade, tendo como foco sua afirmação de que o gnosticismo é o fundamento da modernidade. Para esta pesquisa, são utilizados como base teórica fundamental dois conceitos de sua teoria: religiões políticas e gnosticismo. Divide-se o trabalho em uma introdução ao tema e três capítulos, seguidos da conclusão. Na introdução, se (...)
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  27.  14
    Rationalism in Eric Voegelin.Daniel Sportiello - 2018 - In Eugene Callahan & Lee Trepanier (eds.), Tradition v. Rationalism: Voegelin, Oakeshott, MacIntyre, Polanyi, Hayek, and Others. Lanham: Lexington Books. pp. 51–61.
    In his New Science of Politics, Eric Voegelin offers an analysis of modernity: at its heart, it is a radicalization of Christianity—a radicalization that counts as a betrayal. Like other movements of its time, Christianity judged this world in terms of another—one wherein all of us were brothers and sisters, wherein justice mattered more than victory and mercy more than justice. But rather than endure in patience their own limitations, those whom Voegelin calls “gnostics” tried to build heaven on (...)
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  28. A New Science of Politics? Hans Kelsens Reply to Eric Voegelin’s "New Science of Politics".Hans Kelsen - 2004 - Ontos Verlag.
    Hans Kelsen's thorough critique of Eric Voegelin's "New Science of Politcs" is - in my oppinion - the best commentary on Voegelin that has been written so far.
     
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  29.  53
    A questão do sentido em Kant segundo Eric Weil.Evanildo Costeski - 2009 - Trans/Form/Ação 32 (2):91-99.
    Este artigo quer mostrar que Kant descobriu, segundo Eric Weil, o problema do sentido. Entretanto, Eric Weil observa que Kant não encontrou uma linguagem apropriada para falar do sentido. A linguagem de Kant era ainda uma linguagem ontológica. Malgrado isso, Kant conseguiu fechar, na terceira Crítica, o abismo que separava natureza e liberdade.
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  30.  40
    Eric Gans’s Thinking on Origin, Culture, and the Jewish Question Vis-À-Vis Hermann Cohen’s Heritage.Roman Katsman - 2015 - Journal of Jewish Thought and Philosophy 23 (2):236-255.
    _ Source: _Volume 23, Issue 2, pp 236 - 255 In this article I compare some elements of Eric Gans’s thought with a few aspects of the philosophy of Hermann Cohen—first and foremost, Gans’s concept of the origin and Cohen’s concept of Ursprung—while revealing the deep affinity between these two lines of thinking.
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  31.  93
    Religiöses Bewusstsein und Politische Ordnung - Eine Kritik von Eric Voegelins Bewusstseinsphilosophie.Eckhart Arnold - 2007 - Grin Verlag.
    Eric Voegelin believed that a morally acceptable and in the long run successful political order (which meant for the emigrant Voegelin primarily an order that is resistant to totalitarianism) can only be built on the foundation of a healthy religiosity of the citizens and the political leaders. The question of what a healthy religiosity is was examined by Voegelin by recurring to intellectual history and to the philosophy of consciousness. In my book I offer a detailed criticism Voegelin's philosophy (...)
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  32. The Balance of Consciousness: Eric Voegelin's Political Theory.Kenneth Keulman - 1990 - Pennsylvania State University Press.
    Consciousness is at once the most obvious and mysterious feature of the human mind. Kenneth Keulman seeks a better understanding of its many dimensions through interpretations of the ideas of the twentieth-century philosopher Eric Voegelin, who viewed the complexity of modern consciousness as the result of a distinctive form of evolution combining genetic change with cultural history. Voegelin's unique contribution to political theory, Keulman shows, comes from his development of an approach to history rooted in a study of the (...)
     
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  33. Metaphysics: 5 Questions.Asbjørn Steglich-Petersen (ed.) - 2010 - Automatic Press.
    Metaphysics: 5 Questions is a collection of short interviews based on 5 questions presented to some of the most influential and prominent philosophers in the field. We hear their views on metaphysics, the aim, the scope, the future direction of research and how their work fits in these respects. Interviews with Lynne Rudder Baker, Helen Beebee, Thomas Hofweber, Hugh Mellor, Peter Menzies, Stephen Mumford, Daniel Nolan, Eric T.Olson, L. A. Paul, Lorenz B. Puntel, Gonzalo Rodriguez-Pereyra, Gideon Rosen, Jonathan (...)
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  34. Eric Weil L'avenir de la Philosophie. Violence Et Langage. Huit Études Sur Eric Weil.Eric Weil & Jean Quillien - 1987
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  35. Topology and Life Redux: Robert Rosen’s Relational Diagrams of Living Systems. [REVIEW]A. H. Louie & Stephen W. Kercel - 2007 - Axiomathes 17 (2):109-136.
    Algebraic/topological descriptions of living processes are indispensable to the understanding of both biological and cognitive functions. This paper presents a fundamental algebraic description of living/cognitive processes and exposes its inherent ambiguity. Since ambiguity is forbidden to computation, no computational description can lend insight to inherently ambiguous processes. The impredicativity of these models is not a flaw, but is, rather, their strength. It enables us to reason with ambiguous mathematical representations of ambiguous natural processes. The noncomputability of these structures means computerized (...)
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  36. तत्त्वज्ञानातील जागल्या... Eric Schwitzgebel : The Whistle Blower in Philosophy.Shriniwas Hemade - 2015 - Daily Loksatta:page 6.
    फेसबुक आणि ब्लॉगच्या जमान्यात तत्त्वज्ञानाची चर्चा केवळ पुस्तकांपुरती किंवा विद्यापीठीय चर्चासत्रांपुरती मर्यादित राहू नये, असे मानणारा एक चळवळय़ा प्राध्यापक, पुस्तकांच्या मानीव वर्चस्वामुळे तत्त्वज्ञान क्षेत्राचे काय नुकसान झाले, याबद्दलही बोलतो आहे आणि ही चर्चा पुस्तकांच्या बाहेरही झाली पाहिजे.. ती लोकाभिमुख झाली पाहिजे, असे सांगतो आहे..
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  37.  52
    The Nature of Reality: Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen Argument in QM.Michele Caponigro - manuscript
    From conceptual point of view, we argue about the nature of reality inferred from EPR argument in quantum mechanics.
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  38. Null-Result Detection and Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen Correlations.Luiz Carlos Ryff - 2014 - Foundations of Physics 44 (1):58-70.
    It follows from Bell’s theorem and quantum mechanics that the detection of a particle of an entangled pair can (somehow) “force” the other distant particle of the pair into a well-defined state (which is equivalent to a reduction of the state vector): no property previously shared by the particles can explain the predicted quantum correlations. This result has been corroborated by experiment, although some loopholes still remain. However, it has not been experimentally proved—and it is far from obvious—that the absence (...)
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  39.  39
    O Pensamento Político de Éric Weil.Mauro Cardoso Simões - 2010 - Enfoques 22 (2):79-84.
    My purpose is to analyze the peculiar thinking of Weil, according to the categories of reasoning, as a choice to avoid violence. In his definition of man, Weil recovers the notion of realization, with which man is redefined in terms of what he must be and not merely for what he is. There-to, man is ..
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  40. Beerbohm’s Ethics of Democracy. Review Of: Beerbohm, Eric, In Our Name. The Ethics of Democracy. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2012. [REVIEW]Corrado Morricone - 2016 - Plurilogue. Politics and Philosophy Reviews 6:3-4.
  41. Philosophie et violence. Sens et intention de la philosophie d'Eric Weil.M. Perine & J. Buée - 1993 - Paris: Beauchesne.
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  42.  35
    E. J. Lowe's Metaphysics and Analytic Theology. Special Issue Edited by Mihretu P. Guta and Eric LaRock.Mihretu P. Guta & Eric LaRock - forthcoming - TheoLogica: An International Journal for Philosophy of Religion and Philosophical Theology.
    The essays in this special issue focus on connecting the relevant aspects of Lowe’s work to any issue in philosophical theology or philosophy of religion, especially incarnation, trinity, divine attributes, human agency and divine sovereignty, unified experience and the existence of God, divine causation, divine temporality or atemporality et cetera.
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  43.  5
    Transcendence, Consciousness and Order: Towards a Philosophical Spirituality of Organization in the Footsteps of Plato and Eric Voegelin.Tuomo Peltonen - 2019 - Philosophy of Management 18 (3):231-247.
    There is an evident lack of rigorous frameworks for making sense of the role and status of spirituality and religion in organizations and organizing, in particular from the perspective of spiritual philosophies of the social. This paper suggests that the philosophy of Plato and his modern follower, political theorist Eric Voegelin could offer a viable perspective for understanding organizational spirituality in its metaphysical, political and ethical contexts. Essential for such a philosophical reflection is the postulation of the transcendental realm (...)
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  44. On the Einstein Podolsky Rosen Paradox.J. S. Bell - 2004 [1964] - In Speakable and Unspeakable in Quantum Mechanics. Cambridge University Press. pp. 14--21.
  45.  31
    Showing Our Seams: A Reply to Eric Funkhouser.Neil Levy - 2018 - Philosophical Psychology 31 (7):991-1006.
    ABSTRACTIn a recent paper published in this journal, Eric Funkhouser argues that some of our beliefs have the primary function of signaling to others, rather than allowing us to navigate the world. Funkhouser’s case is persuasive. However, his account of beliefs as signals is underinclusive, omitting both beliefs that are signals to the self and less than full-fledged beliefs as signals. The latter set of beliefs, moreover, has a better claim to being considered as constituting a psychological kind in (...)
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  46. Perplexities of Consciousness, by Eric Schwitzgebel. [REVIEW]Sebastian Watzl & Wayne Wu - 2012 - Mind 121 (482):524-529.
  47. Eric Winsberg y la epistemología de las simulaciones computacionales.Juan M. Durán - 2017 - Argumentos de Razón Técnica 20:xx-yy.
    En este trabajo presento un estudio sobre el estado del arte de la llamada ‘epistemología de las simulaciones computacionales’. En particular, me centro en los varios trabajos de Eric Winsberg quién es uno de los filósofos más fructíferos y sistemáticos en este tema. Además de analizar la obra de Winsberg, y basándome en sus trabajos y en el de otros filósofos, mostraré que hay buenas razones para pensar que la epistemología tradicional de la ciencia no es suficiente para el (...)
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  48. The Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen Argument in Quantum Theory.Arthur Fine - 2008 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    In the May 15, 1935 issue of Physical Review Albert Einstein co-authored a paper with his two postdoctoral research associates at the Institute for Advanced Study, Boris Podolsky and Nathan Rosen. The article was entitled “Can Quantum Mechanical Description of Physical Reality Be Considered Complete?” (Einstein et al. 1935). Generally referred to as “EPR”, this paper quickly became a centerpiece in the debate over the interpretation of the quantum theory, a debate that continues today. The paper features a striking (...)
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  49. Many Worlds Model Resolving the Einstein Podolsky Rosen Paradox Via a Direct Realism to Modal Realism Transition That Preserves Einstein Locality.Sascha Vongehr - manuscript
    The violation of Bell inequalities by quantum physical experiments disproves all relativistic micro causal, classically real models, short Local Realistic Models (LRM). Non-locality, the infamous “spooky interaction at a distance” (A. Einstein), is already sufficiently ‘unreal’ to motivate modifying the “realistic” in “local realistic”. This has led to many worlds and finally many minds interpretations. We introduce a simple many world model that resolves the Einstein Podolsky Rosen paradox. The model starts out as a classical LRM, thus clarifying that (...)
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  50.  27
    Armstrong Was a Cheat: A Reply to Eric Moore.Jon Pike & Sean Cordell - 2019 - Sport, Ethics and Philosophy 14 (2):247-263.
    In this paper, we reply to Eric Moore’s argument that Lance Armstrong did not cheat, at least according to one, standard account of cheating. If that is the case, we argue, so much the worse for th...
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